path: root/mm/compaction.c
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authorMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2012-10-08 16:29:09 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-10-09 16:22:20 +0900
commit4ffb6335da87b51c17e7ff6495170785f21558dd (patch)
tree7478c962df7aa234d013bfdca8b08e8cf25052fa /mm/compaction.c
parent6597d783397aebb793fb529474cce5089aa4c67f (diff)
mm: compaction: update comment in try_to_compact_pages
Allocation success rates have been far lower since 3.4 due to commit fe2c2a106663 ("vmscan: reclaim at order 0 when compaction is enabled"). This commit was introduced for good reasons and it was known in advance that the success rates would suffer but it was justified on the grounds that the high allocation success rates were achieved by aggressive reclaim. Success rates are expected to suffer even more in 3.6 due to commit 7db8889ab05b ("mm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left") which testing has shown to severely reduce allocation success rates under load - to 0% in one case. This series aims to improve the allocation success rates without regressing the benefits of commit fe2c2a106663. The series is based on latest mmotm and takes into account the __GFP_NO_KSWAPD flag is going away. Patch 1 updates a stale comment seeing as I was in the general area. Patch 2 updates reclaim/compaction to reclaim pages scaled on the number of recent failures. Patch 3 captures suitable high-order pages freed by compaction to reduce races with parallel allocation requests. Patch 4 fixes the upstream commit [7db8889a: mm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left] to enable compaction again Patch 5 identifies when compacion is taking too long due to contention and aborts. STRESS-HIGHALLOC 3.6-rc1-akpm full-series Pass 1 36.00 ( 0.00%) 51.00 (15.00%) Pass 2 42.00 ( 0.00%) 63.00 (21.00%) while Rested 86.00 ( 0.00%) 86.00 ( 0.00%) From http://www.csn.ul.ie/~mel/postings/mmtests-20120424/global-dhp__stress-highalloc-performance-ext3/hydra/comparison.html I know that the allocation success rates in 3.3.6 was 78% in comparison to 36% in in the current akpm tree. With the full series applied, the success rates are up to around 51% with some variability in the results. This is not as high a success rate but it does not reclaim excessively which is a key point. MMTests Statistics: vmstat Page Ins 3050912 3078892 Page Outs 8033528 8039096 Swap Ins 0 0 Swap Outs 0 0 Note that swap in/out rates remain at 0. In 3.3.6 with 78% success rates there were 71881 pages swapped out. Direct pages scanned 70942 122976 Kswapd pages scanned 1366300 1520122 Kswapd pages reclaimed 1366214 1484629 Direct pages reclaimed 70936 105716 Kswapd efficiency 99% 97% Kswapd velocity 1072.550 1182.615 Direct efficiency 99% 85% Direct velocity 55.690 95.672 The kswapd velocity changes very little as expected. kswapd velocity is around the 1000 pages/sec mark where as in kernel 3.3.6 with the high allocation success rates it was 8140 pages/second. Direct velocity is higher as a result of patch 2 of the series but this is expected and is acceptable. The direct reclaim and kswapd velocities change very little. If these get accepted for merging then there is a difficulty in how they should be handled. 7db8889a ("mm: have order > 0 compaction start off where it left") is broken but it is already in 3.6-rc1 and needs to be fixed. However, if just patch 4 from this series is applied then Jim Schutt's workload is known to break again as his workload also requires patch 5. While it would be preferred to have all these patches in 3.6 to improve compaction in general, it would at least be acceptable if just patches 4 and 5 were merged to 3.6 to fix a known problem without breaking compaction completely. On the face of it, that would force __GFP_NO_KSWAPD patches to be merged at the same time but I can do a version of this series with __GFP_NO_KSWAPD change reverted and then rebase it on top of this series. That might be best overall because I note that the __GFP_NO_KSWAPD patch should have removed deferred_compaction from page_alloc.c but it didn't but fixing that causes collisions with this series. This patch: The comment about order applied when the check was order > PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER which has not been the case since c5a73c3d ("thp: use compaction for all allocation orders"). Fixing the comment while I'm in the general area. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/compaction.c')
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 7fcd3a52e68..7168edc7592 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -869,11 +869,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
struct zone *zone;
- /*
- * Check whether it is worth even starting compaction. The order check is
- * made because an assumption is made that the page allocator can satisfy
- * the "cheaper" orders without taking special steps
- */
+ /* Check if the GFP flags allow compaction */
if (!order || !may_enter_fs || !may_perform_io)
return rc;