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authorDan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com>2013-04-30 15:26:56 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-30 17:04:01 -0700
commit49a9ab815acb8379a2f5fd43abe40038821e8f87 (patch)
tree965226ce0574ce3906ba433bfcb11463c56eff24 /mm/cleancache.c
parent4f89849da22db9d0edb378acea65e23fcd546173 (diff)
downloadlinux-49a9ab815acb8379a2f5fd43abe40038821e8f87.tar.gz
mm: cleancache: lazy initialization to allow tmem backends to build/run as modules
With the goal of allowing tmem backends (zcache, ramster, Xen tmem) to be built/loaded as modules rather than built-in and enabled by a boot parameter, this patch provides "lazy initialization", allowing backends to register to cleancache even after filesystems were mounted. Calls to init_fs and init_shared_fs are remembered as fake poolids but no real tmem_pools created. On backend registration the fake poolids are mapped to real poolids and respective tmem_pools. Signed-off-by: Stefan Hengelein <ilendir@googlemail.com> Signed-off-by: Florian Schmaus <fschmaus@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andor Daam <andor.daam@googlemail.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> [v1: Minor fixes: used #define for some values and bools] [v2: Removed CLEANCACHE_HAS_LAZY_INIT] [v3: Added more comments, added a lock for [shared_|]fs_poolid_map] Signed-off-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Cc: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/cleancache.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/cleancache.c240
1 files changed, 219 insertions, 21 deletions
diff --git a/mm/cleancache.c b/mm/cleancache.c
index d76ba74be2d..0cecdbba4bc 100644
--- a/mm/cleancache.c
+++ b/mm/cleancache.c
@@ -45,15 +45,99 @@ static u64 cleancache_puts;
static u64 cleancache_invalidates;
/*
- * register operations for cleancache, returning previous thus allowing
- * detection of multiple backends and possible nesting
+ * When no backend is registered all calls to init_fs and init_shared_fs
+ * are registered and fake poolids (FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET or
+ * FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET, plus offset in the respective array
+ * [shared_|]fs_poolid_map) are given to the respective super block
+ * (sb->cleancache_poolid) and no tmem_pools are created. When a backend
+ * registers with cleancache the previous calls to init_fs and init_shared_fs
+ * are executed to create tmem_pools and set the respective poolids. While no
+ * backend is registered all "puts", "gets" and "flushes" are ignored or failed.
+ */
+#define MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS 32
+#define FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET 1000
+#define FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET 2000
+
+#define FS_NO_BACKEND (-1)
+#define FS_UNKNOWN (-2)
+static int fs_poolid_map[MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS];
+static int shared_fs_poolid_map[MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS];
+static char *uuids[MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS];
+/*
+ * Mutex for the [shared_|]fs_poolid_map to guard against multiple threads
+ * invoking umount (and ending in __cleancache_invalidate_fs) and also multiple
+ * threads calling mount (and ending up in __cleancache_init_[shared|]fs).
+ */
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(poolid_mutex);
+/*
+ * When set to false (default) all calls to the cleancache functions, except
+ * the __cleancache_invalidate_fs and __cleancache_init_[shared|]fs are guarded
+ * by the if (!backend_registered) return. This means multiple threads (from
+ * different filesystems) will be checking backend_registered. The usage of a
+ * bool instead of a atomic_t or a bool guarded by a spinlock is OK - we are
+ * OK if the time between the backend's have been initialized (and
+ * backend_registered has been set to true) and when the filesystems start
+ * actually calling the backends. The inverse (when unloading) is obviously
+ * not good - but this shim does not do that (yet).
+ */
+static bool backend_registered __read_mostly;
+
+/*
+ * The backends and filesystems work all asynchronously. This is b/c the
+ * backends can be built as modules.
+ * The usual sequence of events is:
+ * a) mount / -> __cleancache_init_fs is called. We set the
+ * [shared_|]fs_poolid_map and uuids for.
+ *
+ * b). user does I/Os -> we call the rest of __cleancache_* functions
+ * which return immediately as backend_registered is false.
+ *
+ * c). modprobe zcache -> cleancache_register_ops. We init the backend
+ * and set backend_registered to true, and for any fs_poolid_map
+ * (which is set by __cleancache_init_fs) we initialize the poolid.
+ *
+ * d). user does I/Os -> now that backend_registered is true all the
+ * __cleancache_* functions can call the backend. They all check
+ * that fs_poolid_map is valid and if so invoke the backend.
+ *
+ * e). umount / -> __cleancache_invalidate_fs, the fs_poolid_map is
+ * reset (which is the second check in the __cleancache_* ops
+ * to call the backend).
+ *
+ * The sequence of event could also be c), followed by a), and d). and e). The
+ * c) would not happen anymore. There is also the chance of c), and one thread
+ * doing a) + d), and another doing e). For that case we depend on the
+ * filesystem calling __cleancache_invalidate_fs in the proper sequence (so
+ * that it handles all I/Os before it invalidates the fs (which is last part
+ * of unmounting process).
+ *
+ * Note: The acute reader will notice that there is no "rmmod zcache" case.
+ * This is b/c the functionality for that is not yet implemented and when
+ * done, will require some extra locking not yet devised.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Register operations for cleancache, returning previous thus allowing
+ * detection of multiple backends and possible nesting.
*/
struct cleancache_ops cleancache_register_ops(struct cleancache_ops *ops)
{
struct cleancache_ops old = cleancache_ops;
+ int i;
+ mutex_lock(&poolid_mutex);
cleancache_ops = *ops;
- cleancache_enabled = 1;
+
+ backend_registered = true;
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS; i++) {
+ if (fs_poolid_map[i] == FS_NO_BACKEND)
+ fs_poolid_map[i] = (*cleancache_ops.init_fs)(PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (shared_fs_poolid_map[i] == FS_NO_BACKEND)
+ shared_fs_poolid_map[i] = (*cleancache_ops.init_shared_fs)
+ (uuids[i], PAGE_SIZE);
+ }
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&poolid_mutex);
return old;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cleancache_register_ops);
@@ -61,15 +145,42 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(cleancache_register_ops);
/* Called by a cleancache-enabled filesystem at time of mount */
void __cleancache_init_fs(struct super_block *sb)
{
- sb->cleancache_poolid = (*cleancache_ops.init_fs)(PAGE_SIZE);
+ int i;
+
+ mutex_lock(&poolid_mutex);
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS; i++) {
+ if (fs_poolid_map[i] == FS_UNKNOWN) {
+ sb->cleancache_poolid = i + FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET;
+ if (backend_registered)
+ fs_poolid_map[i] = (*cleancache_ops.init_fs)(PAGE_SIZE);
+ else
+ fs_poolid_map[i] = FS_NO_BACKEND;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&poolid_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_init_fs);
/* Called by a cleancache-enabled clustered filesystem at time of mount */
void __cleancache_init_shared_fs(char *uuid, struct super_block *sb)
{
- sb->cleancache_poolid =
- (*cleancache_ops.init_shared_fs)(uuid, PAGE_SIZE);
+ int i;
+
+ mutex_lock(&poolid_mutex);
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS; i++) {
+ if (shared_fs_poolid_map[i] == FS_UNKNOWN) {
+ sb->cleancache_poolid = i + FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET;
+ uuids[i] = uuid;
+ if (backend_registered)
+ shared_fs_poolid_map[i] = (*cleancache_ops.init_shared_fs)
+ (uuid, PAGE_SIZE);
+ else
+ shared_fs_poolid_map[i] = FS_NO_BACKEND;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&poolid_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_init_shared_fs);
@@ -99,27 +210,53 @@ static int cleancache_get_key(struct inode *inode,
}
/*
+ * Returns a pool_id that is associated with a given fake poolid.
+ */
+static int get_poolid_from_fake(int fake_pool_id)
+{
+ if (fake_pool_id >= FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET)
+ return shared_fs_poolid_map[fake_pool_id -
+ FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET];
+ else if (fake_pool_id >= FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET)
+ return fs_poolid_map[fake_pool_id - FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET];
+ return FS_NO_BACKEND;
+}
+
+/*
* "Get" data from cleancache associated with the poolid/inode/index
* that were specified when the data was put to cleanache and, if
* successful, use it to fill the specified page with data and return 0.
* The pageframe is unchanged and returns -1 if the get fails.
* Page must be locked by caller.
+ *
+ * The function has two checks before any action is taken - whether
+ * a backend is registered and whether the sb->cleancache_poolid
+ * is correct.
*/
int __cleancache_get_page(struct page *page)
{
int ret = -1;
int pool_id;
+ int fake_pool_id;
struct cleancache_filekey key = { .u.key = { 0 } };
+ if (!backend_registered) {
+ cleancache_failed_gets++;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
- pool_id = page->mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
- if (pool_id < 0)
+ fake_pool_id = page->mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
+ if (fake_pool_id < 0)
goto out;
+ pool_id = get_poolid_from_fake(fake_pool_id);
if (cleancache_get_key(page->mapping->host, &key) < 0)
goto out;
- ret = (*cleancache_ops.get_page)(pool_id, key, page->index, page);
+ if (pool_id >= 0)
+ ret = (*cleancache_ops.get_page)(pool_id,
+ key, page->index, page);
if (ret == 0)
cleancache_succ_gets++;
else
@@ -134,16 +271,31 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_get_page);
* (previously-obtained per-filesystem) poolid and the page's,
* inode and page index. Page must be locked. Note that a put_page
* always "succeeds", though a subsequent get_page may succeed or fail.
+ *
+ * The function has two checks before any action is taken - whether
+ * a backend is registered and whether the sb->cleancache_poolid
+ * is correct.
*/
void __cleancache_put_page(struct page *page)
{
int pool_id;
+ int fake_pool_id;
struct cleancache_filekey key = { .u.key = { 0 } };
+ if (!backend_registered) {
+ cleancache_puts++;
+ return;
+ }
+
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
- pool_id = page->mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
+ fake_pool_id = page->mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
+ if (fake_pool_id < 0)
+ return;
+
+ pool_id = get_poolid_from_fake(fake_pool_id);
+
if (pool_id >= 0 &&
- cleancache_get_key(page->mapping->host, &key) >= 0) {
+ cleancache_get_key(page->mapping->host, &key) >= 0) {
(*cleancache_ops.put_page)(pool_id, key, page->index, page);
cleancache_puts++;
}
@@ -153,19 +305,31 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_put_page);
/*
* Invalidate any data from cleancache associated with the poolid and the
* page's inode and page index so that a subsequent "get" will fail.
+ *
+ * The function has two checks before any action is taken - whether
+ * a backend is registered and whether the sb->cleancache_poolid
+ * is correct.
*/
void __cleancache_invalidate_page(struct address_space *mapping,
struct page *page)
{
/* careful... page->mapping is NULL sometimes when this is called */
- int pool_id = mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
+ int pool_id;
+ int fake_pool_id = mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
struct cleancache_filekey key = { .u.key = { 0 } };
- if (pool_id >= 0) {
+ if (!backend_registered)
+ return;
+
+ if (fake_pool_id >= 0) {
+ pool_id = get_poolid_from_fake(fake_pool_id);
+ if (pool_id < 0)
+ return;
+
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
if (cleancache_get_key(mapping->host, &key) >= 0) {
(*cleancache_ops.invalidate_page)(pool_id,
- key, page->index);
+ key, page->index);
cleancache_invalidates++;
}
}
@@ -176,12 +340,25 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_invalidate_page);
* Invalidate all data from cleancache associated with the poolid and the
* mappings's inode so that all subsequent gets to this poolid/inode
* will fail.
+ *
+ * The function has two checks before any action is taken - whether
+ * a backend is registered and whether the sb->cleancache_poolid
+ * is correct.
*/
void __cleancache_invalidate_inode(struct address_space *mapping)
{
- int pool_id = mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
+ int pool_id;
+ int fake_pool_id = mapping->host->i_sb->cleancache_poolid;
struct cleancache_filekey key = { .u.key = { 0 } };
+ if (!backend_registered)
+ return;
+
+ if (fake_pool_id < 0)
+ return;
+
+ pool_id = get_poolid_from_fake(fake_pool_id);
+
if (pool_id >= 0 && cleancache_get_key(mapping->host, &key) >= 0)
(*cleancache_ops.invalidate_inode)(pool_id, key);
}
@@ -189,21 +366,37 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_invalidate_inode);
/*
* Called by any cleancache-enabled filesystem at time of unmount;
- * note that pool_id is surrendered and may be reutrned by a subsequent
- * cleancache_init_fs or cleancache_init_shared_fs
+ * note that pool_id is surrendered and may be returned by a subsequent
+ * cleancache_init_fs or cleancache_init_shared_fs.
*/
void __cleancache_invalidate_fs(struct super_block *sb)
{
- if (sb->cleancache_poolid >= 0) {
- int old_poolid = sb->cleancache_poolid;
- sb->cleancache_poolid = -1;
- (*cleancache_ops.invalidate_fs)(old_poolid);
+ int index;
+ int fake_pool_id = sb->cleancache_poolid;
+ int old_poolid = fake_pool_id;
+
+ mutex_lock(&poolid_mutex);
+ if (fake_pool_id >= FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET) {
+ index = fake_pool_id - FAKE_SHARED_FS_POOLID_OFFSET;
+ old_poolid = shared_fs_poolid_map[index];
+ shared_fs_poolid_map[index] = FS_UNKNOWN;
+ uuids[index] = NULL;
+ } else if (fake_pool_id >= FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET) {
+ index = fake_pool_id - FAKE_FS_POOLID_OFFSET;
+ old_poolid = fs_poolid_map[index];
+ fs_poolid_map[index] = FS_UNKNOWN;
}
+ sb->cleancache_poolid = -1;
+ if (backend_registered)
+ (*cleancache_ops.invalidate_fs)(old_poolid);
+ mutex_unlock(&poolid_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__cleancache_invalidate_fs);
static int __init init_cleancache(void)
{
+ int i;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
struct dentry *root = debugfs_create_dir("cleancache", NULL);
if (root == NULL)
@@ -215,6 +408,11 @@ static int __init init_cleancache(void)
debugfs_create_u64("invalidates", S_IRUGO,
root, &cleancache_invalidates);
#endif
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_INITIALIZABLE_FS; i++) {
+ fs_poolid_map[i] = FS_UNKNOWN;
+ shared_fs_poolid_map[i] = FS_UNKNOWN;
+ }
+ cleancache_enabled = 1;
return 0;
}
module_init(init_cleancache)