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authorRafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>2012-12-11 16:02:38 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-12-11 17:22:26 -0800
commit18468d93e53b037e1a04ec58398eab763d054064 (patch)
tree74392b876400391567f55bb5292107b65e3791a2 /mm/balloon_compaction.c
parent252aa6f5be64c90c67b9f066ccff880f6b487d32 (diff)
downloadlinux-18468d93e53b037e1a04ec58398eab763d054064.tar.gz
mm: introduce a common interface for balloon pages mobility
Memory fragmentation introduced by ballooning might reduce significantly the number of 2MB contiguous memory blocks that can be used within a guest, thus imposing performance penalties associated with the reduced number of transparent huge pages that could be used by the guest workload. This patch introduces a common interface to help a balloon driver on making its page set movable to compaction, and thus allowing the system to better leverage the compation efforts on memory defragmentation. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP, s/__balloon_page_flags/page_flags_cleared/, small cleanups] [rientjes@google.com: allow balloon compaction for any system with memory compaction enabled, which is the defconfig] Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/balloon_compaction.c')
-rw-r--r--mm/balloon_compaction.c302
1 files changed, 302 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/balloon_compaction.c b/mm/balloon_compaction.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..07dbc8ec46c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/balloon_compaction.c
@@ -0,0 +1,302 @@
+/*
+ * mm/balloon_compaction.c
+ *
+ * Common interface for making balloon pages movable by compaction.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012, Red Hat, Inc. Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
+ */
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/balloon_compaction.h>
+
+/*
+ * balloon_devinfo_alloc - allocates a balloon device information descriptor.
+ * @balloon_dev_descriptor: pointer to reference the balloon device which
+ * this struct balloon_dev_info will be servicing.
+ *
+ * Driver must call it to properly allocate and initialize an instance of
+ * struct balloon_dev_info which will be used to reference a balloon device
+ * as well as to keep track of the balloon device page list.
+ */
+struct balloon_dev_info *balloon_devinfo_alloc(void *balloon_dev_descriptor)
+{
+ struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info;
+ b_dev_info = kmalloc(sizeof(*b_dev_info), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!b_dev_info)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ b_dev_info->balloon_device = balloon_dev_descriptor;
+ b_dev_info->mapping = NULL;
+ b_dev_info->isolated_pages = 0;
+ spin_lock_init(&b_dev_info->pages_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&b_dev_info->pages);
+
+ return b_dev_info;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_devinfo_alloc);
+
+/*
+ * balloon_page_enqueue - allocates a new page and inserts it into the balloon
+ * page list.
+ * @b_dev_info: balloon device decriptor where we will insert a new page to
+ *
+ * Driver must call it to properly allocate a new enlisted balloon page
+ * before definetively removing it from the guest system.
+ * This function returns the page address for the recently enqueued page or
+ * NULL in the case we fail to allocate a new page this turn.
+ */
+struct page *balloon_page_enqueue(struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct page *page = alloc_page(balloon_mapping_gfp_mask() |
+ __GFP_NOMEMALLOC | __GFP_NORETRY);
+ if (!page)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Block others from accessing the 'page' when we get around to
+ * establishing additional references. We should be the only one
+ * holding a reference to the 'page' at this point.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(!trylock_page(page));
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ balloon_page_insert(page, b_dev_info->mapping, &b_dev_info->pages);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ return page;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_page_enqueue);
+
+/*
+ * balloon_page_dequeue - removes a page from balloon's page list and returns
+ * the its address to allow the driver release the page.
+ * @b_dev_info: balloon device decriptor where we will grab a page from.
+ *
+ * Driver must call it to properly de-allocate a previous enlisted balloon page
+ * before definetively releasing it back to the guest system.
+ * This function returns the page address for the recently dequeued page or
+ * NULL in the case we find balloon's page list temporarily empty due to
+ * compaction isolated pages.
+ */
+struct page *balloon_page_dequeue(struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info)
+{
+ struct page *page, *tmp;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ bool dequeued_page;
+
+ dequeued_page = false;
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(page, tmp, &b_dev_info->pages, lru) {
+ /*
+ * Block others from accessing the 'page' while we get around
+ * establishing additional references and preparing the 'page'
+ * to be released by the balloon driver.
+ */
+ if (trylock_page(page)) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ /*
+ * Raise the page refcount here to prevent any wrong
+ * attempt to isolate this page, in case of coliding
+ * with balloon_page_isolate() just after we release
+ * the page lock.
+ *
+ * balloon_page_free() will take care of dropping
+ * this extra refcount later.
+ */
+ get_page(page);
+ balloon_page_delete(page);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ dequeued_page = true;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!dequeued_page) {
+ /*
+ * If we are unable to dequeue a balloon page because the page
+ * list is empty and there is no isolated pages, then something
+ * went out of track and some balloon pages are lost.
+ * BUG() here, otherwise the balloon driver may get stuck into
+ * an infinite loop while attempting to release all its pages.
+ */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ if (unlikely(list_empty(&b_dev_info->pages) &&
+ !b_dev_info->isolated_pages))
+ BUG();
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ page = NULL;
+ }
+ return page;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_page_dequeue);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION
+/*
+ * balloon_mapping_alloc - allocates a special ->mapping for ballooned pages.
+ * @b_dev_info: holds the balloon device information descriptor.
+ * @a_ops: balloon_mapping address_space_operations descriptor.
+ *
+ * Driver must call it to properly allocate and initialize an instance of
+ * struct address_space which will be used as the special page->mapping for
+ * balloon device enlisted page instances.
+ */
+struct address_space *balloon_mapping_alloc(struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info,
+ const struct address_space_operations *a_ops)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+
+ mapping = kmalloc(sizeof(*mapping), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!mapping)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ /*
+ * Give a clean 'zeroed' status to all elements of this special
+ * balloon page->mapping struct address_space instance.
+ */
+ address_space_init_once(mapping);
+
+ /*
+ * Set mapping->flags appropriately, to allow balloon pages
+ * ->mapping identification.
+ */
+ mapping_set_balloon(mapping);
+ mapping_set_gfp_mask(mapping, balloon_mapping_gfp_mask());
+
+ /* balloon's page->mapping->a_ops callback descriptor */
+ mapping->a_ops = a_ops;
+
+ /*
+ * Establish a pointer reference back to the balloon device descriptor
+ * this particular page->mapping will be servicing.
+ * This is used by compaction / migration procedures to identify and
+ * access the balloon device pageset while isolating / migrating pages.
+ *
+ * As some balloon drivers can register multiple balloon devices
+ * for a single guest, this also helps compaction / migration to
+ * properly deal with multiple balloon pagesets, when required.
+ */
+ mapping->private_data = b_dev_info;
+ b_dev_info->mapping = mapping;
+
+ return mapping;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(balloon_mapping_alloc);
+
+static inline void __isolate_balloon_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info = page->mapping->private_data;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ b_dev_info->isolated_pages++;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+}
+
+static inline void __putback_balloon_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct balloon_dev_info *b_dev_info = page->mapping->private_data;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+ list_add(&page->lru, &b_dev_info->pages);
+ b_dev_info->isolated_pages--;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b_dev_info->pages_lock, flags);
+}
+
+static inline int __migrate_balloon_page(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
+{
+ return page->mapping->a_ops->migratepage(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
+}
+
+/* __isolate_lru_page() counterpart for a ballooned page */
+bool balloon_page_isolate(struct page *page)
+{
+ /*
+ * Avoid burning cycles with pages that are yet under __free_pages(),
+ * or just got freed under us.
+ *
+ * In case we 'win' a race for a balloon page being freed under us and
+ * raise its refcount preventing __free_pages() from doing its job
+ * the put_page() at the end of this block will take care of
+ * release this page, thus avoiding a nasty leakage.
+ */
+ if (likely(get_page_unless_zero(page))) {
+ /*
+ * As balloon pages are not isolated from LRU lists, concurrent
+ * compaction threads can race against page migration functions
+ * as well as race against the balloon driver releasing a page.
+ *
+ * In order to avoid having an already isolated balloon page
+ * being (wrongly) re-isolated while it is under migration,
+ * or to avoid attempting to isolate pages being released by
+ * the balloon driver, lets be sure we have the page lock
+ * before proceeding with the balloon page isolation steps.
+ */
+ if (likely(trylock_page(page))) {
+ /*
+ * A ballooned page, by default, has just one refcount.
+ * Prevent concurrent compaction threads from isolating
+ * an already isolated balloon page by refcount check.
+ */
+ if (__is_movable_balloon_page(page) &&
+ page_count(page) == 2) {
+ __isolate_balloon_page(page);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ return true;
+ }
+ unlock_page(page);
+ }
+ put_page(page);
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+/* putback_lru_page() counterpart for a ballooned page */
+void balloon_page_putback(struct page *page)
+{
+ /*
+ * 'lock_page()' stabilizes the page and prevents races against
+ * concurrent isolation threads attempting to re-isolate it.
+ */
+ lock_page(page);
+
+ if (__is_movable_balloon_page(page)) {
+ __putback_balloon_page(page);
+ /* drop the extra ref count taken for page isolation */
+ put_page(page);
+ } else {
+ WARN_ON(1);
+ dump_page(page);
+ }
+ unlock_page(page);
+}
+
+/* move_to_new_page() counterpart for a ballooned page */
+int balloon_page_migrate(struct page *newpage,
+ struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ int rc = -EAGAIN;
+
+ /*
+ * Block others from accessing the 'newpage' when we get around to
+ * establishing additional references. We should be the only one
+ * holding a reference to the 'newpage' at this point.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(!trylock_page(newpage));
+
+ if (WARN_ON(!__is_movable_balloon_page(page))) {
+ dump_page(page);
+ unlock_page(newpage);
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ mapping = page->mapping;
+ if (mapping)
+ rc = __migrate_balloon_page(mapping, newpage, page, mode);
+
+ unlock_page(newpage);
+ return rc;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_BALLOON_COMPACTION */