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authorHuang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>2011-07-13 13:14:24 +0800
committerLen Brown <len.brown@intel.com>2011-08-03 11:15:57 -0400
commit7f184275aa306046fe7edcbef3229754f0d97402 (patch)
treee2f82957072dd1ada3a4bc6c0281a6296123d8a0 /lib/genalloc.c
parentf49f23abf3dd786ddcac1c1e7db3c2013b07413f (diff)
downloadlinux-7f184275aa306046fe7edcbef3229754f0d97402.tar.gz
lib, Make gen_pool memory allocator lockless
This version of the gen_pool memory allocator supports lockless operation. This makes it safe to use in NMI handlers and other special unblockable contexts that could otherwise deadlock on locks. This is implemented by using atomic operations and retries on any conflicts. The disadvantage is that there may be livelocks in extreme cases. For better scalability, one gen_pool allocator can be used for each CPU. The lockless operation only works if there is enough memory available. If new memory is added to the pool a lock has to be still taken. So any user relying on locklessness has to ensure that sufficient memory is preallocated. The basic atomic operation of this allocator is cmpxchg on long. On architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation, the allocator can NOT be used in NMI handler. So code uses the allocator in NMI handler should depend on CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG. Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/genalloc.c')
-rw-r--r--lib/genalloc.c300
1 files changed, 243 insertions, 57 deletions
diff --git a/lib/genalloc.c b/lib/genalloc.c
index 577ddf80597..f352cc42f4f 100644
--- a/lib/genalloc.c
+++ b/lib/genalloc.c
@@ -1,8 +1,26 @@
/*
- * Basic general purpose allocator for managing special purpose memory
- * not managed by the regular kmalloc/kfree interface.
- * Uses for this includes on-device special memory, uncached memory
- * etc.
+ * Basic general purpose allocator for managing special purpose
+ * memory, for example, memory that is not managed by the regular
+ * kmalloc/kfree interface. Uses for this includes on-device special
+ * memory, uncached memory etc.
+ *
+ * It is safe to use the allocator in NMI handlers and other special
+ * unblockable contexts that could otherwise deadlock on locks. This
+ * is implemented by using atomic operations and retries on any
+ * conflicts. The disadvantage is that there may be livelocks in
+ * extreme cases. For better scalability, one allocator can be used
+ * for each CPU.
+ *
+ * The lockless operation only works if there is enough memory
+ * available. If new memory is added to the pool a lock has to be
+ * still taken. So any user relying on locklessness has to ensure
+ * that sufficient memory is preallocated.
+ *
+ * The basic atomic operation of this allocator is cmpxchg on long.
+ * On architectures that don't have NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation,
+ * the allocator can NOT be used in NMI handler. So code uses the
+ * allocator in NMI handler should depend on
+ * CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG.
*
* Copyright 2005 (C) Jes Sorensen <jes@trained-monkey.org>
*
@@ -13,8 +31,109 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/bitmap.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/genalloc.h>
+static int set_bits_ll(unsigned long *addr, unsigned long mask_to_set)
+{
+ unsigned long val, nval;
+
+ nval = *addr;
+ do {
+ val = nval;
+ if (val & mask_to_set)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ cpu_relax();
+ } while ((nval = cmpxchg(addr, val, val | mask_to_set)) != val);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int clear_bits_ll(unsigned long *addr, unsigned long mask_to_clear)
+{
+ unsigned long val, nval;
+
+ nval = *addr;
+ do {
+ val = nval;
+ if ((val & mask_to_clear) != mask_to_clear)
+ return -EBUSY;
+ cpu_relax();
+ } while ((nval = cmpxchg(addr, val, val & ~mask_to_clear)) != val);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * bitmap_set_ll - set the specified number of bits at the specified position
+ * @map: pointer to a bitmap
+ * @start: a bit position in @map
+ * @nr: number of bits to set
+ *
+ * Set @nr bits start from @start in @map lock-lessly. Several users
+ * can set/clear the same bitmap simultaneously without lock. If two
+ * users set the same bit, one user will return remain bits, otherwise
+ * return 0.
+ */
+static int bitmap_set_ll(unsigned long *map, int start, int nr)
+{
+ unsigned long *p = map + BIT_WORD(start);
+ const int size = start + nr;
+ int bits_to_set = BITS_PER_LONG - (start % BITS_PER_LONG);
+ unsigned long mask_to_set = BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start);
+
+ while (nr - bits_to_set >= 0) {
+ if (set_bits_ll(p, mask_to_set))
+ return nr;
+ nr -= bits_to_set;
+ bits_to_set = BITS_PER_LONG;
+ mask_to_set = ~0UL;
+ p++;
+ }
+ if (nr) {
+ mask_to_set &= BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(size);
+ if (set_bits_ll(p, mask_to_set))
+ return nr;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * bitmap_clear_ll - clear the specified number of bits at the specified position
+ * @map: pointer to a bitmap
+ * @start: a bit position in @map
+ * @nr: number of bits to set
+ *
+ * Clear @nr bits start from @start in @map lock-lessly. Several users
+ * can set/clear the same bitmap simultaneously without lock. If two
+ * users clear the same bit, one user will return remain bits,
+ * otherwise return 0.
+ */
+static int bitmap_clear_ll(unsigned long *map, int start, int nr)
+{
+ unsigned long *p = map + BIT_WORD(start);
+ const int size = start + nr;
+ int bits_to_clear = BITS_PER_LONG - (start % BITS_PER_LONG);
+ unsigned long mask_to_clear = BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start);
+
+ while (nr - bits_to_clear >= 0) {
+ if (clear_bits_ll(p, mask_to_clear))
+ return nr;
+ nr -= bits_to_clear;
+ bits_to_clear = BITS_PER_LONG;
+ mask_to_clear = ~0UL;
+ p++;
+ }
+ if (nr) {
+ mask_to_clear &= BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(size);
+ if (clear_bits_ll(p, mask_to_clear))
+ return nr;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
/**
* gen_pool_create - create a new special memory pool
@@ -30,7 +149,7 @@ struct gen_pool *gen_pool_create(int min_alloc_order, int nid)
pool = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct gen_pool), GFP_KERNEL, nid);
if (pool != NULL) {
- rwlock_init(&pool->lock);
+ spin_lock_init(&pool->lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->chunks);
pool->min_alloc_order = min_alloc_order;
}
@@ -63,14 +182,14 @@ int gen_pool_add_virt(struct gen_pool *pool, unsigned long virt, phys_addr_t phy
if (unlikely(chunk == NULL))
return -ENOMEM;
- spin_lock_init(&chunk->lock);
chunk->phys_addr = phys;
chunk->start_addr = virt;
chunk->end_addr = virt + size;
+ atomic_set(&chunk->avail, size);
- write_lock(&pool->lock);
- list_add(&chunk->next_chunk, &pool->chunks);
- write_unlock(&pool->lock);
+ spin_lock(&pool->lock);
+ list_add_rcu(&chunk->next_chunk, &pool->chunks);
+ spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
return 0;
}
@@ -85,19 +204,19 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_add_virt);
*/
phys_addr_t gen_pool_virt_to_phys(struct gen_pool *pool, unsigned long addr)
{
- struct list_head *_chunk;
struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
+ phys_addr_t paddr = -1;
- read_lock(&pool->lock);
- list_for_each(_chunk, &pool->chunks) {
- chunk = list_entry(_chunk, struct gen_pool_chunk, next_chunk);
-
- if (addr >= chunk->start_addr && addr < chunk->end_addr)
- return chunk->phys_addr + addr - chunk->start_addr;
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(chunk, &pool->chunks, next_chunk) {
+ if (addr >= chunk->start_addr && addr < chunk->end_addr) {
+ paddr = chunk->phys_addr + (addr - chunk->start_addr);
+ break;
+ }
}
- read_unlock(&pool->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
- return -1;
+ return paddr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_virt_to_phys);
@@ -115,7 +234,6 @@ void gen_pool_destroy(struct gen_pool *pool)
int order = pool->min_alloc_order;
int bit, end_bit;
-
list_for_each_safe(_chunk, _next_chunk, &pool->chunks) {
chunk = list_entry(_chunk, struct gen_pool_chunk, next_chunk);
list_del(&chunk->next_chunk);
@@ -137,44 +255,50 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_destroy);
* @size: number of bytes to allocate from the pool
*
* Allocate the requested number of bytes from the specified pool.
- * Uses a first-fit algorithm.
+ * Uses a first-fit algorithm. Can not be used in NMI handler on
+ * architectures without NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation.
*/
unsigned long gen_pool_alloc(struct gen_pool *pool, size_t size)
{
- struct list_head *_chunk;
struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
- unsigned long addr, flags;
+ unsigned long addr = 0;
int order = pool->min_alloc_order;
- int nbits, start_bit, end_bit;
+ int nbits, start_bit = 0, end_bit, remain;
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
+ BUG_ON(in_nmi());
+#endif
if (size == 0)
return 0;
nbits = (size + (1UL << order) - 1) >> order;
-
- read_lock(&pool->lock);
- list_for_each(_chunk, &pool->chunks) {
- chunk = list_entry(_chunk, struct gen_pool_chunk, next_chunk);
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(chunk, &pool->chunks, next_chunk) {
+ if (size > atomic_read(&chunk->avail))
+ continue;
end_bit = (chunk->end_addr - chunk->start_addr) >> order;
-
- spin_lock_irqsave(&chunk->lock, flags);
- start_bit = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(chunk->bits, end_bit, 0,
- nbits, 0);
- if (start_bit >= end_bit) {
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&chunk->lock, flags);
+retry:
+ start_bit = bitmap_find_next_zero_area(chunk->bits, end_bit,
+ start_bit, nbits, 0);
+ if (start_bit >= end_bit)
continue;
+ remain = bitmap_set_ll(chunk->bits, start_bit, nbits);
+ if (remain) {
+ remain = bitmap_clear_ll(chunk->bits, start_bit,
+ nbits - remain);
+ BUG_ON(remain);
+ goto retry;
}
addr = chunk->start_addr + ((unsigned long)start_bit << order);
-
- bitmap_set(chunk->bits, start_bit, nbits);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&chunk->lock, flags);
- read_unlock(&pool->lock);
- return addr;
+ size = nbits << order;
+ atomic_sub(size, &chunk->avail);
+ break;
}
- read_unlock(&pool->lock);
- return 0;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return addr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_alloc);
@@ -184,33 +308,95 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_alloc);
* @addr: starting address of memory to free back to pool
* @size: size in bytes of memory to free
*
- * Free previously allocated special memory back to the specified pool.
+ * Free previously allocated special memory back to the specified
+ * pool. Can not be used in NMI handler on architectures without
+ * NMI-safe cmpxchg implementation.
*/
void gen_pool_free(struct gen_pool *pool, unsigned long addr, size_t size)
{
- struct list_head *_chunk;
struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
- unsigned long flags;
int order = pool->min_alloc_order;
- int bit, nbits;
+ int start_bit, nbits, remain;
- nbits = (size + (1UL << order) - 1) >> order;
-
- read_lock(&pool->lock);
- list_for_each(_chunk, &pool->chunks) {
- chunk = list_entry(_chunk, struct gen_pool_chunk, next_chunk);
+#ifndef CONFIG_ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
+ BUG_ON(in_nmi());
+#endif
+ nbits = (size + (1UL << order) - 1) >> order;
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(chunk, &pool->chunks, next_chunk) {
if (addr >= chunk->start_addr && addr < chunk->end_addr) {
BUG_ON(addr + size > chunk->end_addr);
- spin_lock_irqsave(&chunk->lock, flags);
- bit = (addr - chunk->start_addr) >> order;
- while (nbits--)
- __clear_bit(bit++, chunk->bits);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&chunk->lock, flags);
- break;
+ start_bit = (addr - chunk->start_addr) >> order;
+ remain = bitmap_clear_ll(chunk->bits, start_bit, nbits);
+ BUG_ON(remain);
+ size = nbits << order;
+ atomic_add(size, &chunk->avail);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return;
}
}
- BUG_ON(nbits > 0);
- read_unlock(&pool->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ BUG();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_free);
+
+/**
+ * gen_pool_for_each_chunk - call func for every chunk of generic memory pool
+ * @pool: the generic memory pool
+ * @func: func to call
+ * @data: additional data used by @func
+ *
+ * Call @func for every chunk of generic memory pool. The @func is
+ * called with rcu_read_lock held.
+ */
+void gen_pool_for_each_chunk(struct gen_pool *pool,
+ void (*func)(struct gen_pool *pool, struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk, void *data),
+ void *data)
+{
+ struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(chunk, &(pool)->chunks, next_chunk)
+ func(pool, chunk, data);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(gen_pool_for_each_chunk);
+
+/**
+ * gen_pool_avail - get available free space of the pool
+ * @pool: pool to get available free space
+ *
+ * Return available free space of the specified pool.
+ */
+size_t gen_pool_avail(struct gen_pool *pool)
+{
+ struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
+ size_t avail = 0;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(chunk, &pool->chunks, next_chunk)
+ avail += atomic_read(&chunk->avail);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return avail;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gen_pool_avail);
+
+/**
+ * gen_pool_size - get size in bytes of memory managed by the pool
+ * @pool: pool to get size
+ *
+ * Return size in bytes of memory managed by the pool.
+ */
+size_t gen_pool_size(struct gen_pool *pool)
+{
+ struct gen_pool_chunk *chunk;
+ size_t size = 0;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(chunk, &pool->chunks, next_chunk)
+ size += chunk->end_addr - chunk->start_addr;
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return size;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gen_pool_size);