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authorJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>2012-05-24 18:59:10 +0200
committerFengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>2012-06-09 08:37:55 +0900
commitf3109a51f8dc88e8a94f620240b7474b91bed37a (patch)
tree5a8d0c36787f775bd552cc00ff17571e38deda9e /lib/flex_proportions.c
parentead188f9f930fb5d7f0c49315a7fce3d8bd16b7e (diff)
downloadlinux-f3109a51f8dc88e8a94f620240b7474b91bed37a.tar.gz
lib: Proportions with flexible period
Implement code computing proportions of events of different type (like code in lib/proportions.c) but allowing periods to have different lengths. This allows us to have aging periods of fixed wallclock time which gives better proportion estimates given the hugely varying throughput of different devices - previous measuring of aging period by number of events has the problem that a reasonable period length for a system with low-end USB stick is not a reasonable period length for a system with high-end storage array resulting either in too slow proportion updates or too fluctuating proportion updates. Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/flex_proportions.c')
-rw-r--r--lib/flex_proportions.c266
1 files changed, 266 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/lib/flex_proportions.c b/lib/flex_proportions.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e02a3883ae0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/flex_proportions.c
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+/*
+ * Floating proportions with flexible aging period
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2011, SUSE, Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
+ *
+ * The goal of this code is: Given different types of event, measure proportion
+ * of each type of event over time. The proportions are measured with
+ * exponentially decaying history to give smooth transitions. A formula
+ * expressing proportion of event of type 'j' is:
+ *
+ * p_{j} = (\Sum_{i>=0} x_{i,j}/2^{i+1})/(\Sum_{i>=0} x_i/2^{i+1})
+ *
+ * Where x_{i,j} is j's number of events in i-th last time period and x_i is
+ * total number of events in i-th last time period.
+ *
+ * Note that p_{j}'s are normalised, i.e.
+ *
+ * \Sum_{j} p_{j} = 1,
+ *
+ * This formula can be straightforwardly computed by maintaing denominator
+ * (let's call it 'd') and for each event type its numerator (let's call it
+ * 'n_j'). When an event of type 'j' happens, we simply need to do:
+ * n_j++; d++;
+ *
+ * When a new period is declared, we could do:
+ * d /= 2
+ * for each j
+ * n_j /= 2
+ *
+ * To avoid iteration over all event types, we instead shift numerator of event
+ * j lazily when someone asks for a proportion of event j or when event j
+ * occurs. This can bit trivially implemented by remembering last period in
+ * which something happened with proportion of type j.
+ */
+#include <linux/flex_proportions.h>
+
+int fprop_global_init(struct fprop_global *p)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ p->period = 0;
+ /* Use 1 to avoid dealing with periods with 0 events... */
+ err = percpu_counter_init(&p->events, 1);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ seqcount_init(&p->sequence);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void fprop_global_destroy(struct fprop_global *p)
+{
+ percpu_counter_destroy(&p->events);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Declare @periods new periods. It is upto the caller to make sure period
+ * transitions cannot happen in parallel.
+ *
+ * The function returns true if the proportions are still defined and false
+ * if aging zeroed out all events. This can be used to detect whether declaring
+ * further periods has any effect.
+ */
+bool fprop_new_period(struct fprop_global *p, int periods)
+{
+ u64 events = percpu_counter_sum(&p->events);
+
+ /*
+ * Don't do anything if there are no events.
+ */
+ if (events <= 1)
+ return false;
+ write_seqcount_begin(&p->sequence);
+ if (periods < 64)
+ events -= events >> periods;
+ /* Use addition to avoid losing events happening between sum and set */
+ percpu_counter_add(&p->events, -events);
+ p->period += periods;
+ write_seqcount_end(&p->sequence);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ---- SINGLE ----
+ */
+
+int fprop_local_init_single(struct fprop_local_single *pl)
+{
+ pl->events = 0;
+ pl->period = 0;
+ raw_spin_lock_init(&pl->lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void fprop_local_destroy_single(struct fprop_local_single *pl)
+{
+}
+
+static void fprop_reflect_period_single(struct fprop_global *p,
+ struct fprop_local_single *pl)
+{
+ unsigned int period = p->period;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /* Fast path - period didn't change */
+ if (pl->period == period)
+ return;
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pl->lock, flags);
+ /* Someone updated pl->period while we were spinning? */
+ if (pl->period >= period) {
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pl->lock, flags);
+ return;
+ }
+ /* Aging zeroed our fraction? */
+ if (period - pl->period < BITS_PER_LONG)
+ pl->events >>= period - pl->period;
+ else
+ pl->events = 0;
+ pl->period = period;
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pl->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/* Event of type pl happened */
+void __fprop_inc_single(struct fprop_global *p, struct fprop_local_single *pl)
+{
+ fprop_reflect_period_single(p, pl);
+ pl->events++;
+ percpu_counter_add(&p->events, 1);
+}
+
+/* Return fraction of events of type pl */
+void fprop_fraction_single(struct fprop_global *p,
+ struct fprop_local_single *pl,
+ unsigned long *numerator, unsigned long *denominator)
+{
+ unsigned int seq;
+ s64 num, den;
+
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqcount_begin(&p->sequence);
+ fprop_reflect_period_single(p, pl);
+ num = pl->events;
+ den = percpu_counter_read_positive(&p->events);
+ } while (read_seqcount_retry(&p->sequence, seq));
+
+ /*
+ * Make fraction <= 1 and denominator > 0 even in presence of percpu
+ * counter errors
+ */
+ if (den <= num) {
+ if (num)
+ den = num;
+ else
+ den = 1;
+ }
+ *denominator = den;
+ *numerator = num;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ---- PERCPU ----
+ */
+#define PROP_BATCH (8*(1+ilog2(nr_cpu_ids)))
+
+int fprop_local_init_percpu(struct fprop_local_percpu *pl)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ err = percpu_counter_init(&pl->events, 0);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ pl->period = 0;
+ raw_spin_lock_init(&pl->lock);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void fprop_local_destroy_percpu(struct fprop_local_percpu *pl)
+{
+ percpu_counter_destroy(&pl->events);
+}
+
+static void fprop_reflect_period_percpu(struct fprop_global *p,
+ struct fprop_local_percpu *pl)
+{
+ unsigned int period = p->period;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /* Fast path - period didn't change */
+ if (pl->period == period)
+ return;
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&pl->lock, flags);
+ /* Someone updated pl->period while we were spinning? */
+ if (pl->period >= period) {
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pl->lock, flags);
+ return;
+ }
+ /* Aging zeroed our fraction? */
+ if (period - pl->period < BITS_PER_LONG) {
+ s64 val = percpu_counter_read(&pl->events);
+
+ if (val < (nr_cpu_ids * PROP_BATCH))
+ val = percpu_counter_sum(&pl->events);
+
+ __percpu_counter_add(&pl->events,
+ -val + (val >> (period-pl->period)), PROP_BATCH);
+ } else
+ percpu_counter_set(&pl->events, 0);
+ pl->period = period;
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pl->lock, flags);
+}
+
+/* Event of type pl happened */
+void __fprop_inc_percpu(struct fprop_global *p, struct fprop_local_percpu *pl)
+{
+ fprop_reflect_period_percpu(p, pl);
+ __percpu_counter_add(&pl->events, 1, PROP_BATCH);
+ percpu_counter_add(&p->events, 1);
+}
+
+void fprop_fraction_percpu(struct fprop_global *p,
+ struct fprop_local_percpu *pl,
+ unsigned long *numerator, unsigned long *denominator)
+{
+ unsigned int seq;
+ s64 num, den;
+
+ do {
+ seq = read_seqcount_begin(&p->sequence);
+ fprop_reflect_period_percpu(p, pl);
+ num = percpu_counter_read_positive(&pl->events);
+ den = percpu_counter_read_positive(&p->events);
+ } while (read_seqcount_retry(&p->sequence, seq));
+
+ /*
+ * Make fraction <= 1 and denominator > 0 even in presence of percpu
+ * counter errors
+ */
+ if (den <= num) {
+ if (num)
+ den = num;
+ else
+ den = 1;
+ }
+ *denominator = den;
+ *numerator = num;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Like __fprop_inc_percpu() except that event is counted only if the given
+ * type has fraction smaller than @max_frac/FPROP_FRAC_BASE
+ */
+void __fprop_inc_percpu_max(struct fprop_global *p,
+ struct fprop_local_percpu *pl, int max_frac)
+{
+ if (unlikely(max_frac < FPROP_FRAC_BASE)) {
+ unsigned long numerator, denominator;
+
+ fprop_fraction_percpu(p, pl, &numerator, &denominator);
+ if (numerator >
+ (((u64)denominator) * max_frac) >> FPROP_FRAC_SHIFT)
+ return;
+ } else
+ fprop_reflect_period_percpu(p, pl);
+ __percpu_counter_add(&pl->events, 1, PROP_BATCH);
+ percpu_counter_add(&p->events, 1);
+}