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authorJan Kara <jack@suse.cz>2012-05-03 14:48:00 +0200
committerFengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>2012-05-06 13:43:40 +0800
commit4f8ad655dbc82cf05d2edc11e66b78a42d38bf93 (patch)
treea2692bde34b45857e14c05c10c61e33763ac1bde /fs/fs-writeback.c
parentf0d07b7ffde758a27a48509ceda9a9ef413e0ea0 (diff)
downloadlinux-4f8ad655dbc82cf05d2edc11e66b78a42d38bf93.tar.gz
writeback: Refactor writeback_single_inode()
The code in writeback_single_inode() is relatively complex. The list requeing logic makes sense only for flusher thread but not really for sync_inode() or write_inode_now() callers. Also when we want to get rid of inode references held by flusher thread, we will need a special I_SYNC handling there. So separate part of writeback_single_inode() which does the real writeback work into __writeback_single_inode() and make writeback_single_inode() do only stuff necessary for callers writing only one inode, moving the special list handling into writeback_sb_inodes(). As a sideeffect this fixes a possible race where we could skip some inode during sync(2) because other writer refiled it from b_io to b_dirty list. Also I_SYNC handling is moved into the callers of __writeback_single_inode() to make locking easier. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/fs-writeback.c')
-rw-r--r--fs/fs-writeback.c142
1 files changed, 86 insertions, 56 deletions
diff --git a/fs/fs-writeback.c b/fs/fs-writeback.c
index 3b87dc80fd3..5f2c6828961 100644
--- a/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ b/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -364,6 +364,15 @@ static void requeue_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
(wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL || wbc->tagged_writepages))
inode->dirtied_when = jiffies;
+ if (wbc->pages_skipped) {
+ /*
+ * writeback is not making progress due to locked
+ * buffers. Skip this inode for now.
+ */
+ redirty_tail(inode, wb);
+ return;
+ }
+
if (mapping_tagged(inode->i_mapping, PAGECACHE_TAG_DIRTY)) {
/*
* We didn't write back all the pages. nfs_writepages()
@@ -396,46 +405,20 @@ static void requeue_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
}
/*
- * Write out an inode's dirty pages. Called under wb->list_lock and
- * inode->i_lock. Either the caller has an active reference on the inode or
- * the inode has I_WILL_FREE set.
- *
- * If `wait' is set, wait on the writeout.
- *
- * The whole writeout design is quite complex and fragile. We want to avoid
- * starvation of particular inodes when others are being redirtied, prevent
- * livelocks, etc.
+ * Write out an inode and its dirty pages. Do not update the writeback list
+ * linkage. That is left to the caller. The caller is also responsible for
+ * setting I_SYNC flag and calling inode_sync_complete() to clear it.
*/
static int
-writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
- struct writeback_control *wbc)
+__writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
long nr_to_write = wbc->nr_to_write;
unsigned dirty;
int ret;
- assert_spin_locked(&inode->i_lock);
-
- if (!atomic_read(&inode->i_count))
- WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & (I_WILL_FREE|I_FREEING)));
- else
- WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_WILL_FREE);
-
- if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC) {
- if (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL)
- return 0;
- /*
- * It's a data-integrity sync. We must wait.
- */
- inode_wait_for_writeback(inode);
- }
-
- BUG_ON(inode->i_state & I_SYNC);
-
- /* Set I_SYNC, reset I_DIRTY_PAGES */
- inode->i_state |= I_SYNC;
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & I_SYNC));
ret = do_writepages(mapping, wbc);
@@ -468,12 +451,65 @@ writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
if (ret == 0)
ret = err;
}
+ trace_writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc, nr_to_write);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Write out an inode's dirty pages. Either the caller has an active reference
+ * on the inode or the inode has I_WILL_FREE set.
+ *
+ * This function is designed to be called for writing back one inode which
+ * we go e.g. from filesystem. Flusher thread uses __writeback_single_inode()
+ * and does more profound writeback list handling in writeback_sb_inodes().
+ */
+static int
+writeback_single_inode(struct inode *inode, struct bdi_writeback *wb,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ if (!atomic_read(&inode->i_count))
+ WARN_ON(!(inode->i_state & (I_WILL_FREE|I_FREEING)));
+ else
+ WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_WILL_FREE);
+
+ if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC) {
+ if (wbc->sync_mode != WB_SYNC_ALL)
+ goto out;
+ /*
+ * It's a data-integrity sync. We must wait.
+ */
+ inode_wait_for_writeback(inode);
+ }
+ WARN_ON(inode->i_state & I_SYNC);
+ /*
+ * Skip inode if it is clean. We don't want to mess with writeback
+ * lists in this function since flusher thread may be doing for example
+ * sync in parallel and if we move the inode, it could get skipped. So
+ * here we make sure inode is on some writeback list and leave it there
+ * unless we have completely cleaned the inode.
+ */
+ if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY))
+ goto out;
+ inode->i_state |= I_SYNC;
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+
+ ret = __writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, wbc);
spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
- requeue_inode(inode, wb, wbc);
+ /*
+ * If inode is clean, remove it from writeback lists. Otherwise don't
+ * touch it. See comment above for explanation.
+ */
+ if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY))
+ list_del_init(&inode->i_wb_list);
+ spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
inode_sync_complete(inode);
- trace_writeback_single_inode(inode, wbc, nr_to_write);
+out:
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
return ret;
}
@@ -585,23 +621,29 @@ static long writeback_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb,
spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
__iget(inode);
+ /*
+ * We already requeued the inode if it had I_SYNC set and we
+ * are doing WB_SYNC_NONE writeback. So this catches only the
+ * WB_SYNC_ALL case.
+ */
+ if (inode->i_state & I_SYNC)
+ inode_wait_for_writeback(inode);
+ inode->i_state |= I_SYNC;
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
write_chunk = writeback_chunk_size(wb->bdi, work);
wbc.nr_to_write = write_chunk;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
- writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, &wbc);
+ __writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, &wbc);
work->nr_pages -= write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
wrote += write_chunk - wbc.nr_to_write;
+ spin_lock(&wb->list_lock);
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
if (!(inode->i_state & I_DIRTY))
wrote++;
- if (wbc.pages_skipped) {
- /*
- * writeback is not making progress due to locked
- * buffers. Skip this inode for now.
- */
- redirty_tail(inode, wb);
- }
+ requeue_inode(inode, wb, &wbc);
+ inode_sync_complete(inode);
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
iput(inode);
@@ -1337,7 +1379,6 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_inodes_sb);
int write_inode_now(struct inode *inode, int sync)
{
struct bdi_writeback *wb = &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb;
- int ret;
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.nr_to_write = LONG_MAX,
.sync_mode = sync ? WB_SYNC_ALL : WB_SYNC_NONE,
@@ -1349,11 +1390,7 @@ int write_inode_now(struct inode *inode, int sync)
wbc.nr_to_write = 0;
might_sleep();
- spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
- ret = writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, &wbc);
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
- spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
- return ret;
+ return writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, &wbc);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(write_inode_now);
@@ -1370,14 +1407,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(write_inode_now);
*/
int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
- struct bdi_writeback *wb = &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb;
- int ret;
-
- spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
- ret = writeback_single_inode(inode, wb, wbc);
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
- spin_unlock(&wb->list_lock);
- return ret;
+ return writeback_single_inode(inode, &inode_to_bdi(inode)->wb, wbc);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(sync_inode);