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authorAlex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>2012-07-31 08:16:22 -0600
committerAlex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>2012-07-31 08:16:22 -0600
commitcba3345cc494ad286ca8823f44b2c16cae496679 (patch)
treea4cd502d0abb4dbf0c6e59f998152a22cb4b1606 /drivers/vfio
parent2e3ee613480563a6d5c01b57d342e65cc58c06df (diff)
downloadlinux-cba3345cc494ad286ca8823f44b2c16cae496679.tar.gz
vfio: VFIO core
VFIO is a secure user level driver for use with both virtual machines and user level drivers. VFIO makes use of IOMMU groups to ensure the isolation of devices in use, allowing unprivileged user access. It's intended that VFIO will replace KVM device assignment and UIO drivers (in cases where the target platform includes a sufficiently capable IOMMU). New in this version of VFIO is support for IOMMU groups managed through the IOMMU core as well as a rework of the API, removing the group merge interface. We now go back to a model more similar to original VFIO with UIOMMU support where the file descriptor obtained from /dev/vfio/vfio allows access to the IOMMU, but only after a group is added, avoiding the previous privilege issues with this type of model. IOMMU support is also now fully modular as IOMMUs have vastly different interface requirements on different platforms. VFIO users are able to query and initialize the IOMMU model of their choice. Please see the follow-on Documentation commit for further description and usage example. Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/vfio')
-rw-r--r--drivers/vfio/Kconfig8
-rw-r--r--drivers/vfio/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/vfio/vfio.c1413
3 files changed, 1422 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9acb1e729bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+menuconfig VFIO
+ tristate "VFIO Non-Privileged userspace driver framework"
+ depends on IOMMU_API
+ help
+ VFIO provides a framework for secure userspace device drivers.
+ See Documentation/vfio.txt for more details.
+
+ If you don't know what to do here, say N.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..7500a67a42a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO) += vfio.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..052e310aed7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1413 @@
+/*
+ * VFIO core
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Derived from original vfio:
+ * Copyright 2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
+ * Author: Tom Lyon, pugs@cisco.com
+ */
+
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION "0.3"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
+#define DRIVER_DESC "VFIO - User Level meta-driver"
+
+static struct vfio {
+ struct class *class;
+ struct list_head iommu_drivers_list;
+ struct mutex iommu_drivers_lock;
+ struct list_head group_list;
+ struct idr group_idr;
+ struct mutex group_lock;
+ struct cdev group_cdev;
+ struct device *dev;
+ dev_t devt;
+ struct cdev cdev;
+ wait_queue_head_t release_q;
+} vfio;
+
+struct vfio_iommu_driver {
+ const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops;
+ struct list_head vfio_next;
+};
+
+struct vfio_container {
+ struct kref kref;
+ struct list_head group_list;
+ struct mutex group_lock;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *iommu_driver;
+ void *iommu_data;
+};
+
+struct vfio_group {
+ struct kref kref;
+ int minor;
+ atomic_t container_users;
+ struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
+ struct vfio_container *container;
+ struct list_head device_list;
+ struct mutex device_lock;
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct notifier_block nb;
+ struct list_head vfio_next;
+ struct list_head container_next;
+};
+
+struct vfio_device {
+ struct kref kref;
+ struct device *dev;
+ const struct vfio_device_ops *ops;
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+ struct list_head group_next;
+ void *device_data;
+};
+
+/**
+ * IOMMU driver registration
+ */
+int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops)
+{
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver, *tmp;
+
+ driver = kzalloc(sizeof(*driver), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!driver)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ driver->ops = ops;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+
+ /* Check for duplicates */
+ list_for_each_entry(tmp, &vfio.iommu_drivers_list, vfio_next) {
+ if (tmp->ops == ops) {
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ kfree(driver);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ list_add(&driver->vfio_next, &vfio.iommu_drivers_list);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_register_iommu_driver);
+
+void vfio_unregister_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops)
+{
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(driver, &vfio.iommu_drivers_list, vfio_next) {
+ if (driver->ops == ops) {
+ list_del(&driver->vfio_next);
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ kfree(driver);
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_unregister_iommu_driver);
+
+/**
+ * Group minor allocation/free - both called with vfio.group_lock held
+ */
+static int vfio_alloc_group_minor(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ int ret, minor;
+
+again:
+ if (unlikely(idr_pre_get(&vfio.group_idr, GFP_KERNEL) == 0))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* index 0 is used by /dev/vfio/vfio */
+ ret = idr_get_new_above(&vfio.group_idr, group, 1, &minor);
+ if (ret == -EAGAIN)
+ goto again;
+ if (ret || minor > MINORMASK) {
+ if (minor > MINORMASK)
+ idr_remove(&vfio.group_idr, minor);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+ return minor;
+}
+
+static void vfio_free_group_minor(int minor)
+{
+ idr_remove(&vfio.group_idr, minor);
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_group_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *data);
+static void vfio_group_get(struct vfio_group *group);
+
+/**
+ * Container objects - containers are created when /dev/vfio/vfio is
+ * opened, but their lifecycle extends until the last user is done, so
+ * it's freed via kref. Must support container/group/device being
+ * closed in any order.
+ */
+static void vfio_container_get(struct vfio_container *container)
+{
+ kref_get(&container->kref);
+}
+
+static void vfio_container_release(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container;
+ container = container_of(kref, struct vfio_container, kref);
+
+ kfree(container);
+}
+
+static void vfio_container_put(struct vfio_container *container)
+{
+ kref_put(&container->kref, vfio_container_release);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Group objects - create, release, get, put, search
+ */
+static struct vfio_group *vfio_create_group(struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group, *tmp;
+ struct device *dev;
+ int ret, minor;
+
+ group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!group)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ kref_init(&group->kref);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&group->device_list);
+ mutex_init(&group->device_lock);
+ atomic_set(&group->container_users, 0);
+ group->iommu_group = iommu_group;
+
+ group->nb.notifier_call = vfio_iommu_group_notifier;
+
+ /*
+ * blocking notifiers acquire a rwsem around registering and hold
+ * it around callback. Therefore, need to register outside of
+ * vfio.group_lock to avoid A-B/B-A contention. Our callback won't
+ * do anything unless it can find the group in vfio.group_list, so
+ * no harm in registering early.
+ */
+ ret = iommu_group_register_notifier(iommu_group, &group->nb);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(group);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.group_lock);
+
+ minor = vfio_alloc_group_minor(group);
+ if (minor < 0) {
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ kfree(group);
+ return ERR_PTR(minor);
+ }
+
+ /* Did we race creating this group? */
+ list_for_each_entry(tmp, &vfio.group_list, vfio_next) {
+ if (tmp->iommu_group == iommu_group) {
+ vfio_group_get(tmp);
+ vfio_free_group_minor(minor);
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ kfree(group);
+ return tmp;
+ }
+ }
+
+ dev = device_create(vfio.class, NULL, MKDEV(MAJOR(vfio.devt), minor),
+ group, "%d", iommu_group_id(iommu_group));
+ if (IS_ERR(dev)) {
+ vfio_free_group_minor(minor);
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ kfree(group);
+ return (struct vfio_group *)dev; /* ERR_PTR */
+ }
+
+ group->minor = minor;
+ group->dev = dev;
+
+ list_add(&group->vfio_next, &vfio.group_list);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+
+ return group;
+}
+
+static void vfio_group_release(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group = container_of(kref, struct vfio_group, kref);
+
+ WARN_ON(!list_empty(&group->device_list));
+
+ device_destroy(vfio.class, MKDEV(MAJOR(vfio.devt), group->minor));
+ list_del(&group->vfio_next);
+ vfio_free_group_minor(group->minor);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Unregister outside of lock. A spurious callback is harmless now
+ * that the group is no longer in vfio.group_list.
+ */
+ iommu_group_unregister_notifier(group->iommu_group, &group->nb);
+
+ kfree(group);
+}
+
+static void vfio_group_put(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ /*
+ * Release needs to unlock to unregister the notifier, so only
+ * unlock if not released.
+ */
+ if (!kref_put(&group->kref, vfio_group_release))
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+}
+
+/* Assume group_lock or group reference is held */
+static void vfio_group_get(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ kref_get(&group->kref);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Not really a try as we will sleep for mutex, but we need to make
+ * sure the group pointer is valid under lock and get a reference.
+ */
+static struct vfio_group *vfio_group_try_get(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *target = group;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(group, &vfio.group_list, vfio_next) {
+ if (group == target) {
+ vfio_group_get(group);
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ return group;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static
+struct vfio_group *vfio_group_get_from_iommu(struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(group, &vfio.group_list, vfio_next) {
+ if (group->iommu_group == iommu_group) {
+ vfio_group_get(group);
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ return group;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct vfio_group *vfio_group_get_from_minor(int minor)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ group = idr_find(&vfio.group_idr, minor);
+ if (!group) {
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ vfio_group_get(group);
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.group_lock);
+
+ return group;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Device objects - create, release, get, put, search
+ */
+static
+struct vfio_device *vfio_group_create_device(struct vfio_group *group,
+ struct device *dev,
+ const struct vfio_device_ops *ops,
+ void *device_data)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+ int ret;
+
+ device = kzalloc(sizeof(*device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!device)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ kref_init(&device->kref);
+ device->dev = dev;
+ device->group = group;
+ device->ops = ops;
+ device->device_data = device_data;
+
+ ret = dev_set_drvdata(dev, device);
+ if (ret) {
+ kfree(device);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+ }
+
+ /* No need to get group_lock, caller has group reference */
+ vfio_group_get(group);
+
+ mutex_lock(&group->device_lock);
+ list_add(&device->group_next, &group->device_list);
+ mutex_unlock(&group->device_lock);
+
+ return device;
+}
+
+static void vfio_device_release(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = container_of(kref,
+ struct vfio_device, kref);
+ struct vfio_group *group = device->group;
+
+ mutex_lock(&group->device_lock);
+ list_del(&device->group_next);
+ mutex_unlock(&group->device_lock);
+
+ dev_set_drvdata(device->dev, NULL);
+
+ kfree(device);
+
+ /* vfio_del_group_dev may be waiting for this device */
+ wake_up(&vfio.release_q);
+}
+
+/* Device reference always implies a group reference */
+static void vfio_device_put(struct vfio_device *device)
+{
+ kref_put(&device->kref, vfio_device_release);
+ vfio_group_put(device->group);
+}
+
+static void vfio_device_get(struct vfio_device *device)
+{
+ vfio_group_get(device->group);
+ kref_get(&device->kref);
+}
+
+static struct vfio_device *vfio_group_get_device(struct vfio_group *group,
+ struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+
+ mutex_lock(&group->device_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(device, &group->device_list, group_next) {
+ if (device->dev == dev) {
+ vfio_device_get(device);
+ mutex_unlock(&group->device_lock);
+ return device;
+ }
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&group->device_lock);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Whitelist some drivers that we know are safe (no dma) or just sit on
+ * a device. It's not always practical to leave a device within a group
+ * driverless as it could get re-bound to something unsafe.
+ */
+static const char * const vfio_driver_whitelist[] = { "pci-stub" };
+
+static bool vfio_whitelisted_driver(struct device_driver *drv)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(vfio_driver_whitelist); i++) {
+ if (!strcmp(drv->name, vfio_driver_whitelist[i]))
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * A vfio group is viable for use by userspace if all devices are either
+ * driver-less or bound to a vfio or whitelisted driver. We test the
+ * latter by the existence of a struct vfio_device matching the dev.
+ */
+static int vfio_dev_viable(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group = data;
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+
+ if (!dev->driver || vfio_whitelisted_driver(dev->driver))
+ return 0;
+
+ device = vfio_group_get_device(group, dev);
+ if (device) {
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Async device support
+ */
+static int vfio_group_nb_add_dev(struct vfio_group *group, struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+
+ /* Do we already know about it? We shouldn't */
+ device = vfio_group_get_device(group, dev);
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(device)) {
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Nothing to do for idle groups */
+ if (!atomic_read(&group->container_users))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* TODO Prevent device auto probing */
+ WARN("Device %s added to live group %d!\n", dev_name(dev),
+ iommu_group_id(group->iommu_group));
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vfio_group_nb_del_dev(struct vfio_group *group, struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+
+ /*
+ * Expect to fall out here. If a device was in use, it would
+ * have been bound to a vfio sub-driver, which would have blocked
+ * in .remove at vfio_del_group_dev. Sanity check that we no
+ * longer track the device, so it's safe to remove.
+ */
+ device = vfio_group_get_device(group, dev);
+ if (likely(!device))
+ return 0;
+
+ WARN("Device %s removed from live group %d!\n", dev_name(dev),
+ iommu_group_id(group->iommu_group));
+
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vfio_group_nb_verify(struct vfio_group *group, struct device *dev)
+{
+ /* We don't care what happens when the group isn't in use */
+ if (!atomic_read(&group->container_users))
+ return 0;
+
+ return vfio_dev_viable(dev, group);
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_group_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
+ unsigned long action, void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group = container_of(nb, struct vfio_group, nb);
+ struct device *dev = data;
+
+ /*
+ * Need to go through a group_lock lookup to get a reference or
+ * we risk racing a group being removed. Leave a WARN_ON for
+ * debuging, but if the group no longer exists, a spurious notify
+ * is harmless.
+ */
+ group = vfio_group_try_get(group);
+ if (WARN_ON(!group))
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+
+ switch (action) {
+ case IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_ADD_DEVICE:
+ vfio_group_nb_add_dev(group, dev);
+ break;
+ case IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_DEL_DEVICE:
+ vfio_group_nb_del_dev(group, dev);
+ break;
+ case IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_BIND_DRIVER:
+ pr_debug("%s: Device %s, group %d binding to driver\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(dev),
+ iommu_group_id(group->iommu_group));
+ break;
+ case IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_BOUND_DRIVER:
+ pr_debug("%s: Device %s, group %d bound to driver %s\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(dev),
+ iommu_group_id(group->iommu_group), dev->driver->name);
+ BUG_ON(vfio_group_nb_verify(group, dev));
+ break;
+ case IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_UNBIND_DRIVER:
+ pr_debug("%s: Device %s, group %d unbinding from driver %s\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(dev),
+ iommu_group_id(group->iommu_group), dev->driver->name);
+ break;
+ case IOMMU_GROUP_NOTIFY_UNBOUND_DRIVER:
+ pr_debug("%s: Device %s, group %d unbound from driver\n",
+ __func__, dev_name(dev),
+ iommu_group_id(group->iommu_group));
+ /*
+ * XXX An unbound device in a live group is ok, but we'd
+ * really like to avoid the above BUG_ON by preventing other
+ * drivers from binding to it. Once that occurs, we have to
+ * stop the system to maintain isolation. At a minimum, we'd
+ * want a toggle to disable driver auto probe for this device.
+ */
+ break;
+ }
+
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+/**
+ * VFIO driver API
+ */
+int vfio_add_group_dev(struct device *dev,
+ const struct vfio_device_ops *ops, void *device_data)
+{
+ struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+
+ iommu_group = iommu_group_get(dev);
+ if (!iommu_group)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ group = vfio_group_get_from_iommu(iommu_group);
+ if (!group) {
+ group = vfio_create_group(iommu_group);
+ if (IS_ERR(group)) {
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return PTR_ERR(group);
+ }
+ }
+
+ device = vfio_group_get_device(group, dev);
+ if (device) {
+ WARN(1, "Device %s already exists on group %d\n",
+ dev_name(dev), iommu_group_id(iommu_group));
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ device = vfio_group_create_device(group, dev, ops, device_data);
+ if (IS_ERR(device)) {
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return PTR_ERR(device);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Added device holds reference to iommu_group and vfio_device
+ * (which in turn holds reference to vfio_group). Drop extra
+ * group reference used while acquiring device.
+ */
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_add_group_dev);
+
+/* Test whether a struct device is present in our tracking */
+static bool vfio_dev_present(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+
+ iommu_group = iommu_group_get(dev);
+ if (!iommu_group)
+ return false;
+
+ group = vfio_group_get_from_iommu(iommu_group);
+ if (!group) {
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ device = vfio_group_get_device(group, dev);
+ if (!device) {
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+ return true;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Decrement the device reference count and wait for the device to be
+ * removed. Open file descriptors for the device... */
+void *vfio_del_group_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ struct vfio_group *group = device->group;
+ struct iommu_group *iommu_group = group->iommu_group;
+ void *device_data = device->device_data;
+
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+
+ /* TODO send a signal to encourage this to be released */
+ wait_event(vfio.release_q, !vfio_dev_present(dev));
+
+ iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+
+ return device_data;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_del_group_dev);
+
+/**
+ * VFIO base fd, /dev/vfio/vfio
+ */
+static long vfio_ioctl_check_extension(struct vfio_container *container,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver = container->iommu_driver;
+ long ret = 0;
+
+ switch (arg) {
+ /* No base extensions yet */
+ default:
+ /*
+ * If no driver is set, poll all registered drivers for
+ * extensions and return the first positive result. If
+ * a driver is already set, further queries will be passed
+ * only to that driver.
+ */
+ if (!driver) {
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(driver, &vfio.iommu_drivers_list,
+ vfio_next) {
+ if (!try_module_get(driver->ops->owner))
+ continue;
+
+ ret = driver->ops->ioctl(NULL,
+ VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION,
+ arg);
+ module_put(driver->ops->owner);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ } else
+ ret = driver->ops->ioctl(container->iommu_data,
+ VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, arg);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* hold container->group_lock */
+static int __vfio_container_attach_groups(struct vfio_container *container,
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver,
+ void *data)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+ int ret = -ENODEV;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(group, &container->group_list, container_next) {
+ ret = driver->ops->attach_group(data, group->iommu_group);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unwind;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+
+unwind:
+ list_for_each_entry_continue_reverse(group, &container->group_list,
+ container_next) {
+ driver->ops->detach_group(data, group->iommu_group);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static long vfio_ioctl_set_iommu(struct vfio_container *container,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+ long ret = -ENODEV;
+
+ mutex_lock(&container->group_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * The container is designed to be an unprivileged interface while
+ * the group can be assigned to specific users. Therefore, only by
+ * adding a group to a container does the user get the privilege of
+ * enabling the iommu, which may allocate finite resources. There
+ * is no unset_iommu, but by removing all the groups from a container,
+ * the container is deprivileged and returns to an unset state.
+ */
+ if (list_empty(&container->group_list) || container->iommu_driver) {
+ mutex_unlock(&container->group_lock);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ mutex_lock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(driver, &vfio.iommu_drivers_list, vfio_next) {
+ void *data;
+
+ if (!try_module_get(driver->ops->owner))
+ continue;
+
+ /*
+ * The arg magic for SET_IOMMU is the same as CHECK_EXTENSION,
+ * so test which iommu driver reported support for this
+ * extension and call open on them. We also pass them the
+ * magic, allowing a single driver to support multiple
+ * interfaces if they'd like.
+ */
+ if (driver->ops->ioctl(NULL, VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION, arg) <= 0) {
+ module_put(driver->ops->owner);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* module reference holds the driver we're working on */
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+
+ data = driver->ops->open(arg);
+ if (IS_ERR(data)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(data);
+ module_put(driver->ops->owner);
+ goto skip_drivers_unlock;
+ }
+
+ ret = __vfio_container_attach_groups(container, driver, data);
+ if (!ret) {
+ container->iommu_driver = driver;
+ container->iommu_data = data;
+ } else {
+ driver->ops->release(data);
+ module_put(driver->ops->owner);
+ }
+
+ goto skip_drivers_unlock;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+skip_drivers_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&container->group_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static long vfio_fops_unl_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container = filep->private_data;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+ void *data;
+ long ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!container)
+ return ret;
+
+ driver = container->iommu_driver;
+ data = container->iommu_data;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case VFIO_GET_API_VERSION:
+ ret = VFIO_API_VERSION;
+ break;
+ case VFIO_CHECK_EXTENSION:
+ ret = vfio_ioctl_check_extension(container, arg);
+ break;
+ case VFIO_SET_IOMMU:
+ ret = vfio_ioctl_set_iommu(container, arg);
+ break;
+ default:
+ if (driver) /* passthrough all unrecognized ioctls */
+ ret = driver->ops->ioctl(data, cmd, arg);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+static long vfio_fops_compat_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ arg = (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg);
+ return vfio_fops_unl_ioctl(filep, cmd, arg);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
+
+static int vfio_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container;
+
+ container = kzalloc(sizeof(*container), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!container)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&container->group_list);
+ mutex_init(&container->group_lock);
+ kref_init(&container->kref);
+
+ filep->private_data = container;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vfio_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container = filep->private_data;
+
+ filep->private_data = NULL;
+
+ vfio_container_put(container);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Once an iommu driver is set, we optionally pass read/write/mmap
+ * on to the driver, allowing management interfaces beyond ioctl.
+ */
+static ssize_t vfio_fops_read(struct file *filep, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container = filep->private_data;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver = container->iommu_driver;
+
+ if (unlikely(!driver || !driver->ops->read))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return driver->ops->read(container->iommu_data, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_fops_write(struct file *filep, const char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container = filep->private_data;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver = container->iommu_driver;
+
+ if (unlikely(!driver || !driver->ops->write))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return driver->ops->write(container->iommu_data, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static int vfio_fops_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container = filep->private_data;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver = container->iommu_driver;
+
+ if (unlikely(!driver || !driver->ops->mmap))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return driver->ops->mmap(container->iommu_data, vma);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations vfio_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = vfio_fops_open,
+ .release = vfio_fops_release,
+ .read = vfio_fops_read,
+ .write = vfio_fops_write,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = vfio_fops_unl_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+ .compat_ioctl = vfio_fops_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+ .mmap = vfio_fops_mmap,
+};
+
+/**
+ * VFIO Group fd, /dev/vfio/$GROUP
+ */
+static void __vfio_group_unset_container(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ struct vfio_container *container = group->container;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+
+ mutex_lock(&container->group_lock);
+
+ driver = container->iommu_driver;
+ if (driver)
+ driver->ops->detach_group(container->iommu_data,
+ group->iommu_group);
+
+ group->container = NULL;
+ list_del(&group->container_next);
+
+ /* Detaching the last group deprivileges a container, remove iommu */
+ if (driver && list_empty(&container->group_list)) {
+ driver->ops->release(container->iommu_data);
+ module_put(driver->ops->owner);
+ container->iommu_driver = NULL;
+ container->iommu_data = NULL;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&container->group_lock);
+
+ vfio_container_put(container);
+}
+
+/*
+ * VFIO_GROUP_UNSET_CONTAINER should fail if there are other users or
+ * if there was no container to unset. Since the ioctl is called on
+ * the group, we know that still exists, therefore the only valid
+ * transition here is 1->0.
+ */
+static int vfio_group_unset_container(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ int users = atomic_cmpxchg(&group->container_users, 1, 0);
+
+ if (!users)
+ return -EINVAL;
+ if (users != 1)
+ return -EBUSY;
+
+ __vfio_group_unset_container(group);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * When removing container users, anything that removes the last user
+ * implicitly removes the group from the container. That is, if the
+ * group file descriptor is closed, as well as any device file descriptors,
+ * the group is free.
+ */
+static void vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ if (0 == atomic_dec_if_positive(&group->container_users))
+ __vfio_group_unset_container(group);
+}
+
+static int vfio_group_set_container(struct vfio_group *group, int container_fd)
+{
+ struct file *filep;
+ struct vfio_container *container;
+ struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (atomic_read(&group->container_users))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ filep = fget(container_fd);
+ if (!filep)
+ return -EBADF;
+
+ /* Sanity check, is this really our fd? */
+ if (filep->f_op != &vfio_fops) {
+ fput(filep);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ container = filep->private_data;
+ WARN_ON(!container); /* fget ensures we don't race vfio_release */
+
+ mutex_lock(&container->group_lock);
+
+ driver = container->iommu_driver;
+ if (driver) {
+ ret = driver->ops->attach_group(container->iommu_data,
+ group->iommu_group);
+ if (ret)
+ goto unlock_out;
+ }
+
+ group->container = container;
+ list_add(&group->container_next, &container->group_list);
+
+ /* Get a reference on the container and mark a user within the group */
+ vfio_container_get(container);
+ atomic_inc(&group->container_users);
+
+unlock_out:
+ mutex_unlock(&container->group_lock);
+ fput(filep);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static bool vfio_group_viable(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+ return (iommu_group_for_each_dev(group->iommu_group,
+ group, vfio_dev_viable) == 0);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations vfio_device_fops;
+
+static int vfio_group_get_device_fd(struct vfio_group *group, char *buf)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device;
+ struct file *filep;
+ int ret = -ENODEV;
+
+ if (0 == atomic_read(&group->container_users) ||
+ !group->container->iommu_driver || !vfio_group_viable(group))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&group->device_lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(device, &group->device_list, group_next) {
+ if (strcmp(dev_name(device->dev), buf))
+ continue;
+
+ ret = device->ops->open(device->device_data);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ /*
+ * We can't use anon_inode_getfd() because we need to modify
+ * the f_mode flags directly to allow more than just ioctls
+ */
+ ret = get_unused_fd();
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ device->ops->release(device->device_data);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ filep = anon_inode_getfile("[vfio-device]", &vfio_device_fops,
+ device, O_RDWR);
+ if (IS_ERR(filep)) {
+ put_unused_fd(ret);
+ ret = PTR_ERR(filep);
+ device->ops->release(device->device_data);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * TODO: add an anon_inode interface to do this.
+ * Appears to be missing by lack of need rather than
+ * explicitly prevented. Now there's need.
+ */
+ filep->f_mode |= (FMODE_LSEEK | FMODE_PREAD | FMODE_PWRITE);
+
+ fd_install(ret, filep);
+
+ vfio_device_get(device);
+ atomic_inc(&group->container_users);
+ break;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&group->device_lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static long vfio_group_fops_unl_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group = filep->private_data;
+ long ret = -ENOTTY;
+
+ switch (cmd) {
+ case VFIO_GROUP_GET_STATUS:
+ {
+ struct vfio_group_status status;
+ unsigned long minsz;
+
+ minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_group_status, flags);
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&status, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (status.argsz < minsz)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ status.flags = 0;
+
+ if (vfio_group_viable(group))
+ status.flags |= VFIO_GROUP_FLAGS_VIABLE;
+
+ if (group->container)
+ status.flags |= VFIO_GROUP_FLAGS_CONTAINER_SET;
+
+ if (copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &status, minsz))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ case VFIO_GROUP_SET_CONTAINER:
+ {
+ int fd;
+
+ if (get_user(fd, (int __user *)arg))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ ret = vfio_group_set_container(group, fd);
+ break;
+ }
+ case VFIO_GROUP_UNSET_CONTAINER:
+ ret = vfio_group_unset_container(group);
+ break;
+ case VFIO_GROUP_GET_DEVICE_FD:
+ {
+ char *buf;
+
+ buf = strndup_user((const char __user *)arg, PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (IS_ERR(buf))
+ return PTR_ERR(buf);
+
+ ret = vfio_group_get_device_fd(group, buf);
+ kfree(buf);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+static long vfio_group_fops_compat_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ arg = (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg);
+ return vfio_group_fops_unl_ioctl(filep, cmd, arg);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
+
+static int vfio_group_fops_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group;
+
+ group = vfio_group_get_from_minor(iminor(inode));
+ if (!group)
+ return -ENODEV;
+
+ if (group->container) {
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ filep->private_data = group;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vfio_group_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+ struct vfio_group *group = filep->private_data;
+
+ filep->private_data = NULL;
+
+ vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+ vfio_group_put(group);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations vfio_group_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = vfio_group_fops_unl_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+ .compat_ioctl = vfio_group_fops_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+ .open = vfio_group_fops_open,
+ .release = vfio_group_fops_release,
+};
+
+/**
+ * VFIO Device fd
+ */
+static int vfio_device_fops_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *filep)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = filep->private_data;
+
+ device->ops->release(device->device_data);
+
+ vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(device->group);
+
+ vfio_device_put(device);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long vfio_device_fops_unl_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = filep->private_data;
+
+ if (unlikely(!device->ops->ioctl))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return device->ops->ioctl(device->device_data, cmd, arg);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_device_fops_read(struct file *filep, char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = filep->private_data;
+
+ if (unlikely(!device->ops->read))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return device->ops->read(device->device_data, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_device_fops_write(struct file *filep,
+ const char __user *buf,
+ size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = filep->private_data;
+
+ if (unlikely(!device->ops->write))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return device->ops->write(device->device_data, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static int vfio_device_fops_mmap(struct file *filep, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ struct vfio_device *device = filep->private_data;
+
+ if (unlikely(!device->ops->mmap))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return device->ops->mmap(device->device_data, vma);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+static long vfio_device_fops_compat_ioctl(struct file *filep,
+ unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+ arg = (unsigned long)compat_ptr(arg);
+ return vfio_device_fops_unl_ioctl(filep, cmd, arg);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
+
+static const struct file_operations vfio_device_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .release = vfio_device_fops_release,
+ .read = vfio_device_fops_read,
+ .write = vfio_device_fops_write,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = vfio_device_fops_unl_ioctl,
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+ .compat_ioctl = vfio_device_fops_compat_ioctl,
+#endif
+ .mmap = vfio_device_fops_mmap,
+};
+
+/**
+ * Module/class support
+ */
+static char *vfio_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode)
+{
+ return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "vfio/%s", dev_name(dev));
+}
+
+static int __init vfio_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ idr_init(&vfio.group_idr);
+ mutex_init(&vfio.group_lock);
+ mutex_init(&vfio.iommu_drivers_lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vfio.group_list);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&vfio.iommu_drivers_list);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&vfio.release_q);
+
+ vfio.class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "vfio");
+ if (IS_ERR(vfio.class)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(vfio.class);
+ goto err_class;
+ }
+
+ vfio.class->devnode = vfio_devnode;
+
+ ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&vfio.devt, 0, MINORMASK, "vfio");
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_base_chrdev;
+
+ cdev_init(&vfio.cdev, &vfio_fops);
+ ret = cdev_add(&vfio.cdev, vfio.devt, 1);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_base_cdev;
+
+ vfio.dev = device_create(vfio.class, NULL, vfio.devt, NULL, "vfio");
+ if (IS_ERR(vfio.dev)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(vfio.dev);
+ goto err_base_dev;
+ }
+
+ /* /dev/vfio/$GROUP */
+ cdev_init(&vfio.group_cdev, &vfio_group_fops);
+ ret = cdev_add(&vfio.group_cdev,
+ MKDEV(MAJOR(vfio.devt), 1), MINORMASK - 1);
+ if (ret)
+ goto err_groups_cdev;
+
+ pr_info(DRIVER_DESC " version: " DRIVER_VERSION "\n");
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_groups_cdev:
+ device_destroy(vfio.class, vfio.devt);
+err_base_dev:
+ cdev_del(&vfio.cdev);
+err_base_cdev:
+ unregister_chrdev_region(vfio.devt, MINORMASK);
+err_base_chrdev:
+ class_destroy(vfio.class);
+ vfio.class = NULL;
+err_class:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit vfio_cleanup(void)
+{
+ WARN_ON(!list_empty(&vfio.group_list));
+
+ idr_destroy(&vfio.group_idr);
+ cdev_del(&vfio.group_cdev);
+ device_destroy(vfio.class, vfio.devt);
+ cdev_del(&vfio.cdev);
+ unregister_chrdev_region(vfio.devt, MINORMASK);
+ class_destroy(vfio.class);
+ vfio.class = NULL;
+}
+
+module_init(vfio_init);
+module_exit(vfio_cleanup);
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);