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authorAndy Lutomirski <luto@mit.edu>2011-08-10 11:15:32 -0400
committerH. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>2011-08-10 19:26:46 -0500
commit3ae36655b97a03fa1decf72f04078ef945647c1a (patch)
treef6f5fbc743909d66e6823c9325ddba9d9d3646ad /arch/x86
parentfce8dc06423d6fb2709469dc5c55b04e09c1d126 (diff)
downloadlinux-3ae36655b97a03fa1decf72f04078ef945647c1a.tar.gz
x86-64: Rework vsyscall emulation and add vsyscall= parameter
There are three choices: vsyscall=native: Vsyscalls are native code that issues the corresponding syscalls. vsyscall=emulate (default): Vsyscalls are emulated by instruction fault traps, tested in the bad_area path. The actual contents of the vsyscall page is the same as the vsyscall=native case except that it's marked NX. This way programs that make assumptions about what the code in the page does will not be confused when they read that code. vsyscall=none: Trying to execute a vsyscall will segfault. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@mit.edu> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/8449fb3abf89851fd6b2260972666a6f82542284.1312988155.git.luto@mit.edu Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/traps.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S33
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c79
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S36
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/fault.c12
9 files changed, 90 insertions, 89 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h
index a563c509edc..2c224e183b5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_vectors.h
@@ -17,7 +17,6 @@
* Vectors 0 ... 31 : system traps and exceptions - hardcoded events
* Vectors 32 ... 127 : device interrupts
* Vector 128 : legacy int80 syscall interface
- * Vector 204 : legacy x86_64 vsyscall emulation
* Vectors 129 ... INVALIDATE_TLB_VECTOR_START-1 except 204 : device interrupts
* Vectors INVALIDATE_TLB_VECTOR_START ... 255 : special interrupts
*
@@ -51,9 +50,6 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
# define SYSCALL_VECTOR 0x80
#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-# define VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR 0xcc
-#endif
/*
* Vectors 0x30-0x3f are used for ISA interrupts.
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
index 2bae0a513b4..0012d0902c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/traps.h
@@ -40,7 +40,6 @@ asmlinkage void alignment_check(void);
asmlinkage void machine_check(void);
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_MCE */
asmlinkage void simd_coprocessor_error(void);
-asmlinkage void emulate_vsyscall(void);
dotraplinkage void do_divide_error(struct pt_regs *, long);
dotraplinkage void do_debug(struct pt_regs *, long);
@@ -67,7 +66,6 @@ dotraplinkage void do_alignment_check(struct pt_regs *, long);
dotraplinkage void do_machine_check(struct pt_regs *, long);
#endif
dotraplinkage void do_simd_coprocessor_error(struct pt_regs *, long);
-dotraplinkage void do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *, long);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
dotraplinkage void do_iret_error(struct pt_regs *, long);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
index 60107072c28..eaea1d31f75 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vsyscall.h
@@ -27,6 +27,12 @@ extern struct timezone sys_tz;
extern void map_vsyscall(void);
+/*
+ * Called on instruction fetch fault in vsyscall page.
+ * Returns true if handled.
+ */
+extern bool emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address);
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _ASM_X86_VSYSCALL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index e949793d6b9..46792d90001 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -1123,7 +1123,6 @@ zeroentry spurious_interrupt_bug do_spurious_interrupt_bug
zeroentry coprocessor_error do_coprocessor_error
errorentry alignment_check do_alignment_check
zeroentry simd_coprocessor_error do_simd_coprocessor_error
-zeroentry emulate_vsyscall do_emulate_vsyscall
/* Reload gs selector with exception handling */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index fbc097a085c..b9b67166f9d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -872,12 +872,6 @@ void __init trap_init(void)
set_bit(SYSCALL_VECTOR, used_vectors);
#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- BUG_ON(test_bit(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, used_vectors));
- set_system_intr_gate(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, &emulate_vsyscall);
- set_bit(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, used_vectors);
-#endif
-
/*
* Should be a barrier for any external CPU state:
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 8f3a265476d..0f703f10901 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -71,7 +71,6 @@ PHDRS {
text PT_LOAD FLAGS(5); /* R_E */
data PT_LOAD FLAGS(6); /* RW_ */
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- user PT_LOAD FLAGS(5); /* R_E */
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
percpu PT_LOAD FLAGS(6); /* RW_ */
#endif
@@ -174,38 +173,6 @@ SECTIONS
. = ALIGN(__vvar_page + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
-#define VSYSCALL_ADDR (-10*1024*1024)
-
-#define VLOAD_OFFSET (VSYSCALL_ADDR - __vsyscall_0 + LOAD_OFFSET)
-#define VLOAD(x) (ADDR(x) - VLOAD_OFFSET)
-
-#define VVIRT_OFFSET (VSYSCALL_ADDR - __vsyscall_0)
-#define VVIRT(x) (ADDR(x) - VVIRT_OFFSET)
-
- __vsyscall_0 = .;
-
- . = VSYSCALL_ADDR;
- .vsyscall : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall)) {
- /* work around gold bug 13023 */
- __vsyscall_beginning_hack = .;
- *(.vsyscall_0)
-
- . = __vsyscall_beginning_hack + 1024;
- *(.vsyscall_1)
-
- . = __vsyscall_beginning_hack + 2048;
- *(.vsyscall_2)
-
- . = __vsyscall_beginning_hack + 4096; /* Pad the whole page. */
- } :user =0xcc
- . = ALIGN(__vsyscall_0 + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
-
-#undef VSYSCALL_ADDR
-#undef VLOAD_OFFSET
-#undef VLOAD
-#undef VVIRT_OFFSET
-#undef VVIRT
-
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
/* Init code and data - will be freed after init */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
index bf8e9ffee6e..18ae83dd1cd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
@@ -56,6 +56,27 @@ DEFINE_VVAR(struct vsyscall_gtod_data, vsyscall_gtod_data) =
.lock = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock),
};
+static enum { EMULATE, NATIVE, NONE } vsyscall_mode = EMULATE;
+
+static int __init vsyscall_setup(char *str)
+{
+ if (str) {
+ if (!strcmp("emulate", str))
+ vsyscall_mode = EMULATE;
+ else if (!strcmp("native", str))
+ vsyscall_mode = NATIVE;
+ else if (!strcmp("none", str))
+ vsyscall_mode = NONE;
+ else
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+early_param("vsyscall", vsyscall_setup);
+
void update_vsyscall_tz(void)
{
unsigned long flags;
@@ -100,7 +121,7 @@ static void warn_bad_vsyscall(const char *level, struct pt_regs *regs,
printk("%s%s[%d] %s ip:%lx cs:%lx sp:%lx ax:%lx si:%lx di:%lx\n",
level, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk),
- message, regs->ip - 2, regs->cs,
+ message, regs->ip, regs->cs,
regs->sp, regs->ax, regs->si, regs->di);
}
@@ -118,45 +139,39 @@ static int addr_to_vsyscall_nr(unsigned long addr)
return nr;
}
-void dotraplinkage do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
+bool emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long address)
{
struct task_struct *tsk;
unsigned long caller;
int vsyscall_nr;
long ret;
- local_irq_enable();
+ /*
+ * No point in checking CS -- the only way to get here is a user mode
+ * trap to a high address, which means that we're in 64-bit user code.
+ */
- if (!user_64bit_mode(regs)) {
- /*
- * If we trapped from kernel mode, we might as well OOPS now
- * instead of returning to some random address and OOPSing
- * then.
- */
- BUG_ON(!user_mode(regs));
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(address != regs->ip);
- /* Compat mode and non-compat 32-bit CS should both segfault. */
- warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
- "illegal int 0xcc from 32-bit mode");
- goto sigsegv;
+ if (vsyscall_mode == NONE) {
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_INFO, regs,
+ "vsyscall attempted with vsyscall=none");
+ return false;
}
- /*
- * x86-ism here: regs->ip points to the instruction after the int 0xcc,
- * and int 0xcc is two bytes long.
- */
- vsyscall_nr = addr_to_vsyscall_nr(regs->ip - 2);
+ vsyscall_nr = addr_to_vsyscall_nr(address);
trace_emulate_vsyscall(vsyscall_nr);
if (vsyscall_nr < 0) {
warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
- "illegal int 0xcc (exploit attempt?)");
+ "misaligned vsyscall (exploit attempt or buggy program) -- look up the vsyscall kernel parameter if you need a workaround");
goto sigsegv;
}
if (get_user(caller, (unsigned long __user *)regs->sp) != 0) {
- warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs, "int 0xcc with bad stack (exploit attempt?)");
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
+ "vsyscall with bad stack (exploit attempt?)");
goto sigsegv;
}
@@ -201,13 +216,11 @@ void dotraplinkage do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
regs->ip = caller;
regs->sp += 8;
- local_irq_disable();
- return;
+ return true;
sigsegv:
- regs->ip -= 2; /* The faulting instruction should be the int 0xcc. */
force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
- local_irq_disable();
+ return true;
}
/*
@@ -255,15 +268,21 @@ cpu_vsyscall_notifier(struct notifier_block *n, unsigned long action, void *arg)
void __init map_vsyscall(void)
{
- extern char __vsyscall_0;
- unsigned long physaddr_page0 = __pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_0);
+ extern char __vsyscall_page;
+ unsigned long physaddr_vsyscall = __pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_page);
extern char __vvar_page;
unsigned long physaddr_vvar_page = __pa_symbol(&__vvar_page);
- /* Note that VSYSCALL_MAPPED_PAGES must agree with the code below. */
- __set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_page0, PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL);
+ __set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_vsyscall,
+ vsyscall_mode == NATIVE
+ ? PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL
+ : PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE) !=
+ (unsigned long)VSYSCALL_START);
+
__set_fixmap(VVAR_PAGE, physaddr_vvar_page, PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR);
- BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VVAR_PAGE) != (unsigned long)VVAR_ADDRESS);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VVAR_PAGE) !=
+ (unsigned long)VVAR_ADDRESS);
}
static int __init vsyscall_init(void)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
index ffa845eae5c..c9596a9af15 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
@@ -7,21 +7,31 @@
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
#include <asm/irq_vectors.h>
+#include <asm/page_types.h>
+#include <asm/unistd_64.h>
+
+__PAGE_ALIGNED_DATA
+ .globl __vsyscall_page
+ .balign PAGE_SIZE, 0xcc
+ .type __vsyscall_page, @object
+__vsyscall_page:
+
+ mov $__NR_gettimeofday, %rax
+ syscall
+ ret
-/* The unused parts of the page are filled with 0xcc by the linker script. */
+ .balign 1024, 0xcc
+ mov $__NR_time, %rax
+ syscall
+ ret
-.section .vsyscall_0, "a"
-ENTRY(vsyscall_0)
- int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
-END(vsyscall_0)
+ .balign 1024, 0xcc
+ mov $__NR_getcpu, %rax
+ syscall
+ ret
-.section .vsyscall_1, "a"
-ENTRY(vsyscall_1)
- int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
-END(vsyscall_1)
+ .balign 4096, 0xcc
-.section .vsyscall_2, "a"
-ENTRY(vsyscall_2)
- int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
-END(vsyscall_2)
+ .size __vsyscall_page, 4096
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index c1d018238f3..e58935c25b9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -720,6 +720,18 @@ __bad_area_nosemaphore(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code,
if (is_errata100(regs, address))
return;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /*
+ * Instruction fetch faults in the vsyscall page might need
+ * emulation.
+ */
+ if (unlikely((error_code & PF_INSTR) &&
+ ((address & ~0xfff) == VSYSCALL_START))) {
+ if (emulate_vsyscall(regs, address))
+ return;
+ }
+#endif
+
if (unlikely(show_unhandled_signals))
show_signal_msg(regs, error_code, address, tsk);