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authorJeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com>2005-07-07 17:56:49 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2005-07-07 18:23:44 -0700
commitd67b569f5f620c0fb95d5212642746b7ba9d29e4 (patch)
treec7ef10c906dd83911e10988c6cea6d7d5644e072 /arch/um/defconfig
parent1322ad41513f8f9196801f53cc0851df056f3478 (diff)
downloadlinux-d67b569f5f620c0fb95d5212642746b7ba9d29e4.tar.gz
[PATCH] uml: skas0 - separate kernel address space on stock hosts
UML has had two modes of operation - an insecure, slow mode (tt mode) in which the kernel is mapped into every process address space which requires no host kernel modifications, and a secure, faster mode (skas mode) in which the UML kernel is in a separate host address space, which requires a patch to the host kernel. This patch implements something very close to skas mode for hosts which don't support skas - I'm calling this skas0. It provides the security of the skas host patch, and some of the performance gains. The two main things that are provided by the skas patch, /proc/mm and PTRACE_FAULTINFO, are implemented in a way that require no host patch. For the remote address space changing stuff (mmap, munmap, and mprotect), we set aside two pages in the process above its stack, one of which contains a little bit of code which can call mmap et al. To update the address space, the system call information (system call number and arguments) are written to the stub page above the code. The %esp is set to the beginning of the data, the %eip is set the the start of the stub, and it repeatedly pops the information into its registers and makes the system call until it sees a system call number of zero. This is to amortize the cost of the context switch across multiple address space updates. When the updates are done, it SIGSTOPs itself, and the kernel process continues what it was doing. For a PTRACE_FAULTINFO replacement, we set up a SIGSEGV handler in the child, and let it handle segfaults rather than nullifying them. The handler is in the same page as the mmap stub. The second page is used as the stack. The handler reads cr2 and err from the sigcontext, sticks them at the base of the stack in a faultinfo struct, and SIGSTOPs itself. The kernel then reads the faultinfo and handles the fault. A complication on x86_64 is that this involves resetting the registers to the segfault values when the process is inside the kill system call. This breaks on x86_64 because %rcx will contain %rip because you tell SYSRET where to return to by putting the value in %rcx. So, this corrupts $rcx on return from the segfault. To work around this, I added an arch_finish_segv, which on x86 does nothing, but which on x86_64 ptraces the child back through the sigreturn. This causes %rcx to be restored by sigreturn and avoids the corruption. Ultimately, I think I will replace this with the trick of having it send itself a blocked signal which will be unblocked by the sigreturn. This will allow it to be stopped just after the sigreturn, and PTRACE_SYSCALLed without all the back-and-forth of PTRACE_SYSCALLing it through sigreturn. This runs on a stock host, so theoretically (and hopefully), tt mode isn't needed any more. We need to make sure that this is better in every way than tt mode, though. I'm concerned about the speed of address space updates and page fault handling, since they involve extra round-trips to the child. We can amortize the round-trip cost for large address space updates by writing all of the operations to the data page and having the child execute them all at the same time. This will help fork and exec, but not page faults, since they involve only one page. I can't think of any way to help page faults, except to add something like PTRACE_FAULTINFO to the host. There is PTRACE_SIGINFO, but UML doesn't use siginfo for SIGSEGV (or anything else) because there isn't enough information in the siginfo struct to handle page faults (the faulting operation type is missing). Adding that would make PTRACE_SIGINFO a usable equivalent to PTRACE_FAULTINFO. As for the code itself: - The system call stub is in arch/um/kernel/sys-$(SUBARCH)/stub.S. It is put in its own section of the binary along with stub_segv_handler in arch/um/kernel/skas/process.c. This is manipulated with run_syscall_stub in arch/um/kernel/skas/mem_user.c. syscall_stub will execute any system call at all, but it's only used for mmap, munmap, and mprotect. - The x86_64 stub calls sigreturn by hand rather than allowing the normal sigreturn to happen, because the normal sigreturn is a SA_RESTORER in UML's address space provided by libc. Needless to say, this is not available in the child's address space. Also, it does a couple of odd pops before that which restore the stack to the state it was in at the time the signal handler was called. - There is a new field in the arch mmu_context, which is now a union. This is the pid to be manipulated rather than the /proc/mm file descriptor. Code which deals with this now checks proc_mm to see whether it should use the usual skas code or the new code. - userspace_tramp is now used to create a new host process for every UML process, rather than one per UML processor. It checks proc_mm and ptrace_faultinfo to decide whether to map in the pages above its stack. - start_userspace now makes CLONE_VM conditional on proc_mm since we need separate address spaces now. - switch_mm_skas now just sets userspace_pid[0] to the new pid rather than PTRACE_SWITCH_MM. There is an addition to userspace which updates its idea of the pid being manipulated each time around the loop. This is important on exec, when the pid will change underneath userspace(). - The stub page has a pte, but it can't be mapped in using tlb_flush because it is part of tlb_flush. This is why it's required for it to be mapped in by userspace_tramp. Other random things: - The stub section in uml.lds.S is page aligned. This page is written out to the backing vm file in setup_physmem because it is mapped from there into user processes. - There's some confusion with TASK_SIZE now that there are a couple of extra pages that the process can't use. TASK_SIZE is considered by the elf code to be the usable process memory, which is reasonable, so it is decreased by two pages. This confuses the definition of USER_PGDS_IN_LAST_PML4, making it too small because of the rounding down of the uneven division. So we round it to the nearest PGDIR_SIZE rather than the lower one. - I added a missing PT_SYSCALL_ARG6_OFFSET macro. - um_mmu.h was made into a userspace-usable file. - proc_mm and ptrace_faultinfo are globals which say whether the host supports these features. - There is a bad interaction between the mm.nr_ptes check at the end of exit_mmap, stack randomization, and skas0. exit_mmap will stop freeing pages at the PGDIR_SIZE boundary after the last vma. If the stack isn't on the last page table page, the last pte page won't be freed, as it should be since the stub ptes are there, and exit_mmap will BUG because there is an unfreed page. To get around this, TASK_SIZE is set to the next lowest PGDIR_SIZE boundary and mm->nr_ptes is decremented after the calls to init_stub_pte. This ensures that we know the process stack (and all other process mappings) will be below the top page table page, and thus we know that mm->nr_ptes will be one too many, and can be decremented. Things that need fixing: - We may need better assurrences that the stub code is PIC. - The stub pte is set up in init_new_context_skas. - alloc_pgdir is probably the right place. Signed-off-by: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/um/defconfig')
-rw-r--r--arch/um/defconfig58
1 files changed, 50 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/arch/um/defconfig b/arch/um/defconfig
index 4067c3aa5b6..80d30d19d75 100644
--- a/arch/um/defconfig
+++ b/arch/um/defconfig
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
#
# Automatically generated make config: don't edit
-# Linux kernel version: 2.6.12-rc3-skas3-v9-pre2
-# Sun Apr 24 19:46:10 2005
+# Linux kernel version: 2.6.12-rc6-mm1
+# Tue Jun 14 18:22:21 2005
#
CONFIG_GENERIC_HARDIRQS=y
CONFIG_UML=y
@@ -13,23 +13,32 @@ CONFIG_GENERIC_CALIBRATE_DELAY=y
#
# UML-specific options
#
-CONFIG_MODE_TT=y
+# CONFIG_MODE_TT is not set
+# CONFIG_STATIC_LINK is not set
CONFIG_MODE_SKAS=y
CONFIG_UML_X86=y
# CONFIG_64BIT is not set
CONFIG_TOP_ADDR=0xc0000000
# CONFIG_3_LEVEL_PGTABLES is not set
+CONFIG_STUB_CODE=0xbfffe000
+CONFIG_STUB_DATA=0xbffff000
+CONFIG_STUB_START=0xbfffe000
CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SC_SIGNALS=y
CONFIG_ARCH_REUSE_HOST_VSYSCALL_AREA=y
-CONFIG_LD_SCRIPT_STATIC=y
+CONFIG_SELECT_MEMORY_MODEL=y
+CONFIG_FLATMEM_MANUAL=y
+# CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM_MANUAL is not set
+# CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_MANUAL is not set
+CONFIG_FLATMEM=y
+CONFIG_FLAT_NODE_MEM_MAP=y
+CONFIG_LD_SCRIPT_DYN=y
CONFIG_NET=y
CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF=y
CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC=m
-CONFIG_HOSTFS=y
+# CONFIG_HOSTFS is not set
CONFIG_MCONSOLE=y
# CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ is not set
# CONFIG_HOST_2G_2G is not set
-# CONFIG_SMP is not set
CONFIG_NEST_LEVEL=0
CONFIG_KERNEL_HALF_GIGS=1
# CONFIG_HIGHMEM is not set
@@ -63,6 +72,8 @@ CONFIG_IKCONFIG_PROC=y
CONFIG_KALLSYMS=y
# CONFIG_KALLSYMS_ALL is not set
CONFIG_KALLSYMS_EXTRA_PASS=y
+CONFIG_PRINTK=y
+CONFIG_BUG=y
CONFIG_BASE_FULL=y
CONFIG_FUTEX=y
CONFIG_EPOLL=y
@@ -81,6 +92,7 @@ CONFIG_MODULES=y
CONFIG_MODULE_UNLOAD=y
# CONFIG_MODULE_FORCE_UNLOAD is not set
CONFIG_OBSOLETE_MODPARM=y
+# CONFIG_MODVERSIONS is not set
# CONFIG_MODULE_SRCVERSION_ALL is not set
CONFIG_KMOD=y
@@ -115,6 +127,7 @@ CONFIG_UML_SOUND=m
CONFIG_SOUND=m
CONFIG_HOSTAUDIO=m
CONFIG_UML_RANDOM=y
+# CONFIG_MMAPPER is not set
#
# Block devices
@@ -176,6 +189,17 @@ CONFIG_INET=y
# CONFIG_INET_TUNNEL is not set
CONFIG_IP_TCPDIAG=y
# CONFIG_IP_TCPDIAG_IPV6 is not set
+
+#
+# TCP congestion control
+#
+CONFIG_TCP_CONG_BIC=y
+CONFIG_TCP_CONG_WESTWOOD=y
+CONFIG_TCP_CONG_HTCP=y
+# CONFIG_TCP_CONG_HSTCP is not set
+# CONFIG_TCP_CONG_HYBLA is not set
+# CONFIG_TCP_CONG_VEGAS is not set
+# CONFIG_TCP_CONG_SCALABLE is not set
# CONFIG_IPV6 is not set
# CONFIG_NETFILTER is not set
@@ -206,11 +230,15 @@ CONFIG_IP_TCPDIAG=y
# Network testing
#
# CONFIG_NET_PKTGEN is not set
+# CONFIG_KGDBOE is not set
# CONFIG_NETPOLL is not set
+# CONFIG_NETPOLL_RX is not set
+# CONFIG_NETPOLL_TRAP is not set
# CONFIG_NET_POLL_CONTROLLER is not set
# CONFIG_HAMRADIO is not set
# CONFIG_IRDA is not set
# CONFIG_BT is not set
+# CONFIG_IEEE80211 is not set
CONFIG_DUMMY=m
# CONFIG_BONDING is not set
# CONFIG_EQUALIZER is not set
@@ -227,6 +255,7 @@ CONFIG_PPP=m
# CONFIG_PPP_SYNC_TTY is not set
# CONFIG_PPP_DEFLATE is not set
# CONFIG_PPP_BSDCOMP is not set
+# CONFIG_PPP_MPPE is not set
# CONFIG_PPPOE is not set
CONFIG_SLIP=m
# CONFIG_SLIP_COMPRESSED is not set
@@ -240,10 +269,12 @@ CONFIG_SLIP=m
#
CONFIG_EXT2_FS=y
# CONFIG_EXT2_FS_XATTR is not set
+# CONFIG_EXT2_FS_XIP is not set
CONFIG_EXT3_FS=y
# CONFIG_EXT3_FS_XATTR is not set
CONFIG_JBD=y
# CONFIG_JBD_DEBUG is not set
+# CONFIG_REISER4_FS is not set
CONFIG_REISERFS_FS=y
# CONFIG_REISERFS_CHECK is not set
# CONFIG_REISERFS_PROC_INFO is not set
@@ -256,6 +287,7 @@ CONFIG_REISERFS_FS=y
# CONFIG_XFS_FS is not set
# CONFIG_MINIX_FS is not set
# CONFIG_ROMFS_FS is not set
+CONFIG_INOTIFY=y
CONFIG_QUOTA=y
# CONFIG_QFMT_V1 is not set
# CONFIG_QFMT_V2 is not set
@@ -265,6 +297,12 @@ CONFIG_AUTOFS_FS=m
CONFIG_AUTOFS4_FS=m
#
+# Caches
+#
+# CONFIG_FSCACHE is not set
+# CONFIG_FUSE_FS is not set
+
+#
# CD-ROM/DVD Filesystems
#
CONFIG_ISO9660_FS=m
@@ -291,6 +329,8 @@ CONFIG_TMPFS=y
# CONFIG_TMPFS_XATTR is not set
# CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE is not set
CONFIG_RAMFS=y
+# CONFIG_CONFIGFS_FS is not set
+# CONFIG_RELAYFS_FS is not set
#
# Miscellaneous filesystems
@@ -319,6 +359,7 @@ CONFIG_RAMFS=y
# CONFIG_NCP_FS is not set
# CONFIG_CODA_FS is not set
# CONFIG_AFS_FS is not set
+# CONFIG_9P_FS is not set
#
# Partition Types
@@ -404,14 +445,15 @@ CONFIG_CRC32=m
# CONFIG_PRINTK_TIME is not set
CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=y
CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT=14
+CONFIG_DETECT_SOFTLOCKUP=y
# CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS is not set
-# CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB is not set
+CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB=y
# CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK is not set
# CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK_SLEEP is not set
# CONFIG_DEBUG_KOBJECT is not set
CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO=y
# CONFIG_DEBUG_FS is not set
CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER=y
-CONFIG_PT_PROXY=y
+# CONFIG_GPROF is not set
# CONFIG_GCOV is not set
# CONFIG_SYSCALL_DEBUG is not set