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authorKees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>2013-12-19 11:35:59 -0800
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2013-12-20 09:38:40 +0100
commit8779657d29c0ebcc0c94ede4df2f497baf1b563f (patch)
tree54810632daeb1b73a1692751e368a369785c8715 /arch/Kconfig
parent19952a92037e752f9d3bbbad552d596f9a56e146 (diff)
downloadlinux-8779657d29c0ebcc0c94ede4df2f497baf1b563f.tar.gz
stackprotector: Introduce CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG
This changes the stack protector config option into a choice of "None", "Regular", and "Strong": CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG "Regular" means the old CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR=y option. "Strong" is a new mode introduced by this patch. With "Strong" the kernel is built with -fstack-protector-strong (available in gcc 4.9 and later). This option increases the coverage of the stack protector without the heavy performance hit of -fstack-protector-all. For reference, the stack protector options available in gcc are: -fstack-protector-all: Adds the stack-canary saving prefix and stack-canary checking suffix to _all_ function entry and exit. Results in substantial use of stack space for saving the canary for deep stack users (e.g. historically xfs), and measurable (though shockingly still low) performance hit due to all the saving/checking. Really not suitable for sane systems, and was entirely removed as an option from the kernel many years ago. -fstack-protector: Adds the canary save/check to functions that define an 8 (--param=ssp-buffer-size=N, N=8 by default) or more byte local char array. Traditionally, stack overflows happened with string-based manipulations, so this was a way to find those functions. Very few total functions actually get the canary; no measurable performance or size overhead. -fstack-protector-strong Adds the canary for a wider set of functions, since it's not just those with strings that have ultimately been vulnerable to stack-busting. With this superset, more functions end up with a canary, but it still remains small compared to all functions with only a small change in performance. Based on the original design document, a function gets the canary when it contains any of: - local variable's address used as part of the right hand side of an assignment or function argument - local variable is an array (or union containing an array), regardless of array type or length - uses register local variables https://docs.google.com/a/google.com/document/d/1xXBH6rRZue4f296vGt9YQcuLVQHeE516stHwt8M9xyU Find below a comparison of "size" and "objdump" output when built with gcc-4.9 in three configurations: - defconfig 11430641 kernel text size 36110 function bodies - defconfig + CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR 11468490 kernel text size (+0.33%) 1015 of 36110 functions are stack-protected (2.81%) - defconfig + CONFIG_CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG via this patch 11692790 kernel text size (+2.24%) 7401 of 36110 functions are stack-protected (20.5%) With -strong, ARM's compressed boot code now triggers stack protection, so a static guard was added. Since this is only used during decompression and was never used before, the exposure here is very small. Once it switches to the full kernel, the stack guard is back to normal. Chrome OS has been using -fstack-protector-strong for its kernel builds for the last 8 months with no problems. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com> Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Shawn Guo <shawn.guo@linaro.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: linux-mips@linux-mips.org Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1387481759-14535-3-git-send-email-keescook@chromium.org [ Improved the changelog and descriptions some more. ] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/Kconfig')
-rw-r--r--arch/Kconfig51
1 files changed, 48 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 24e026d8307..80bbb8ccd0d 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -344,10 +344,17 @@ config HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
- it has implemented a stack canary (e.g. __stack_chk_guard)
config CC_STACKPROTECTOR
- bool "Enable -fstack-protector buffer overflow detection"
+ def_bool n
+ help
+ Set when a stack-protector mode is enabled, so that the build
+ can enable kernel-side support for the GCC feature.
+
+choice
+ prompt "Stack Protector buffer overflow detection"
depends on HAVE_CC_STACKPROTECTOR
+ default CC_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE
help
- This option turns on the -fstack-protector GCC feature. This
+ This option turns on the "stack-protector" GCC feature. This
feature puts, at the beginning of functions, a canary value on
the stack just before the return address, and validates
the value just before actually returning. Stack based buffer
@@ -355,8 +362,46 @@ config CC_STACKPROTECTOR
overwrite the canary, which gets detected and the attack is then
neutralized via a kernel panic.
+config CC_STACKPROTECTOR_NONE
+ bool "None"
+ help
+ Disable "stack-protector" GCC feature.
+
+config CC_STACKPROTECTOR_REGULAR
+ bool "Regular"
+ select CC_STACKPROTECTOR
+ help
+ Functions will have the stack-protector canary logic added if they
+ have an 8-byte or larger character array on the stack.
+
This feature requires gcc version 4.2 or above, or a distribution
- gcc with the feature backported.
+ gcc with the feature backported ("-fstack-protector").
+
+ On an x86 "defconfig" build, this feature adds canary checks to
+ about 3% of all kernel functions, which increases kernel code size
+ by about 0.3%.
+
+config CC_STACKPROTECTOR_STRONG
+ bool "Strong"
+ select CC_STACKPROTECTOR
+ help
+ Functions will have the stack-protector canary logic added in any
+ of the following conditions:
+
+ - local variable's address used as part of the right hand side of an
+ assignment or function argument
+ - local variable is an array (or union containing an array),
+ regardless of array type or length
+ - uses register local variables
+
+ This feature requires gcc version 4.9 or above, or a distribution
+ gcc with the feature backported ("-fstack-protector-strong").
+
+ On an x86 "defconfig" build, this feature adds canary checks to
+ about 20% of all kernel functions, which increases the kernel code
+ size by about 2%.
+
+endchoice
config HAVE_CONTEXT_TRACKING
bool