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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-05-07 12:34:57 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-05-07 12:34:57 -0700
commita989705c4cf6e6c1a339c95f9daf658b4ba88ca8 (patch)
treed1925b831ec9fbae65db1b193dbad1869c43a9bc /Documentation
parent2d56d3c43cc97ae48586745556f5a5b564d61582 (diff)
parentd29182534c5f39ff899763d1e0982d8f33791d6f (diff)
downloadlinux-a989705c4cf6e6c1a339c95f9daf658b4ba88ca8.tar.gz
Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux-2.6
* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/aegl/linux-2.6: [IA64] update memory attribute aliasing documentation & test cases [IA64] fail mmaps that span areas with incompatible attributes [IA64] allow WB /sys/.../legacy_mem mmaps [IA64] make ioremap avoid unsupported attributes [IA64] rename ioremap variables to match i386 [IA64] relax per-cpu TLB requirement to DTC [IA64] remove per-cpu ia64_phys_stacked_size_p8 [IA64] Fix example error injection program [IA64] Itanium MC Error Injection Tool: pal_mc_error_inject() interface [IA64] Itanium MC Error Injection Tool: Makefile changes [IA64] Itanium MC Error Injection Tool: Driver sysfs interface [IA64] Itanium MC Error Injection Tool: Doc and sample application [IA64] Itanium MC Error Injection Tool: Kernel configuration
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ia64/aliasing-test.c247
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ia64/aliasing.txt71
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ia64/err_inject.txt1068
3 files changed, 1352 insertions, 34 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/ia64/aliasing-test.c b/Documentation/ia64/aliasing-test.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..3153167b41c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ia64/aliasing-test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,247 @@
+/*
+ * Exercise /dev/mem mmap cases that have been troublesome in the past
+ *
+ * (c) Copyright 2007 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
+ * Bjorn Helgaas <bjorn.helgaas@hp.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <dirent.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <fnmatch.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+int sum;
+
+int map_mem(char *path, off_t offset, size_t length, int touch)
+{
+ int fd, rc;
+ void *addr;
+ int *c;
+
+ fd = open(path, O_RDWR);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ perror(path);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ addr = mmap(NULL, length, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, offset);
+ if (addr == MAP_FAILED)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (touch) {
+ c = (int *) addr;
+ while (c < (int *) (offset + length))
+ sum += *c++;
+ }
+
+ rc = munmap(addr, length);
+ if (rc == -1) {
+ perror("munmap");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ close(fd);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int scan_sysfs(char *path, char *file, off_t offset, size_t length, int touch)
+{
+ struct dirent **namelist;
+ char *name, *path2;
+ int i, n, r, rc, result = 0;
+ struct stat buf;
+
+ n = scandir(path, &namelist, 0, alphasort);
+ if (n < 0) {
+ perror("scandir");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+ name = namelist[i]->d_name;
+
+ if (fnmatch(".", name, 0) == 0)
+ goto skip;
+ if (fnmatch("..", name, 0) == 0)
+ goto skip;
+
+ path2 = malloc(strlen(path) + strlen(name) + 3);
+ strcpy(path2, path);
+ strcat(path2, "/");
+ strcat(path2, name);
+
+ if (fnmatch(file, name, 0) == 0) {
+ rc = map_mem(path2, offset, length, touch);
+ if (rc == 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: %s 0x%lx-0x%lx is %s\n", path2, offset, offset + length, touch ? "readable" : "mappable");
+ else if (rc > 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: %s 0x%lx-0x%lx not mappable\n", path2, offset, offset + length);
+ else {
+ fprintf(stderr, "FAIL: %s 0x%lx-0x%lx not accessible\n", path2, offset, offset + length);
+ return rc;
+ }
+ } else {
+ r = lstat(path2, &buf);
+ if (r == 0 && S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode)) {
+ rc = scan_sysfs(path2, file, offset, length, touch);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return rc;
+ }
+ }
+
+ result |= rc;
+ free(path2);
+
+skip:
+ free(namelist[i]);
+ }
+ free(namelist);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+char buf[1024];
+
+int read_rom(char *path)
+{
+ int fd, rc;
+ size_t size = 0;
+
+ fd = open(path, O_RDWR);
+ if (fd == -1) {
+ perror(path);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ rc = write(fd, "1", 2);
+ if (rc <= 0) {
+ perror("write");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ do {
+ rc = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ if (rc > 0)
+ size += rc;
+ } while (rc > 0);
+
+ close(fd);
+ return size;
+}
+
+int scan_rom(char *path, char *file)
+{
+ struct dirent **namelist;
+ char *name, *path2;
+ int i, n, r, rc, result = 0;
+ struct stat buf;
+
+ n = scandir(path, &namelist, 0, alphasort);
+ if (n < 0) {
+ perror("scandir");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+ name = namelist[i]->d_name;
+
+ if (fnmatch(".", name, 0) == 0)
+ goto skip;
+ if (fnmatch("..", name, 0) == 0)
+ goto skip;
+
+ path2 = malloc(strlen(path) + strlen(name) + 3);
+ strcpy(path2, path);
+ strcat(path2, "/");
+ strcat(path2, name);
+
+ if (fnmatch(file, name, 0) == 0) {
+ rc = read_rom(path2);
+
+ /*
+ * It's OK if the ROM is unreadable. Maybe there
+ * is no ROM, or some other error ocurred. The
+ * important thing is that no MCA happened.
+ */
+ if (rc > 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: %s read %ld bytes\n", path2, rc);
+ else {
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: %s not readable\n", path2);
+ return rc;
+ }
+ } else {
+ r = lstat(path2, &buf);
+ if (r == 0 && S_ISDIR(buf.st_mode)) {
+ rc = scan_rom(path2, file);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ return rc;
+ }
+ }
+
+ result |= rc;
+ free(path2);
+
+skip:
+ free(namelist[i]);
+ }
+ free(namelist);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+main()
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ if (map_mem("/dev/mem", 0, 0xA0000, 1) == 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: /dev/mem 0x0-0xa0000 is readable\n");
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "FAIL: /dev/mem 0x0-0xa0000 not accessible\n");
+
+ /*
+ * It's not safe to blindly read the VGA frame buffer. If you know
+ * how to poke the card the right way, it should respond, but it's
+ * not safe in general. Many machines, e.g., Intel chipsets, cover
+ * up a non-responding card by just returning -1, but others will
+ * report the failure as a machine check.
+ */
+ if (map_mem("/dev/mem", 0xA0000, 0x20000, 0) == 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: /dev/mem 0xa0000-0xc0000 is mappable\n");
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "FAIL: /dev/mem 0xa0000-0xc0000 not accessible\n");
+
+ if (map_mem("/dev/mem", 0xC0000, 0x40000, 1) == 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: /dev/mem 0xc0000-0x100000 is readable\n");
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "FAIL: /dev/mem 0xc0000-0x100000 not accessible\n");
+
+ /*
+ * Often you can map all the individual pieces above (0-0xA0000,
+ * 0xA0000-0xC0000, and 0xC0000-0x100000), but can't map the whole
+ * thing at once. This is because the individual pieces use different
+ * attributes, and there's no single attribute supported over the
+ * whole region.
+ */
+ rc = map_mem("/dev/mem", 0, 1024*1024, 0);
+ if (rc == 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: /dev/mem 0x0-0x100000 is mappable\n");
+ else if (rc > 0)
+ fprintf(stderr, "PASS: /dev/mem 0x0-0x100000 not mappable\n");
+ else
+ fprintf(stderr, "FAIL: /dev/mem 0x0-0x100000 not accessible\n");
+
+ scan_sysfs("/sys/class/pci_bus", "legacy_mem", 0, 0xA0000, 1);
+ scan_sysfs("/sys/class/pci_bus", "legacy_mem", 0xA0000, 0x20000, 0);
+ scan_sysfs("/sys/class/pci_bus", "legacy_mem", 0xC0000, 0x40000, 1);
+ scan_sysfs("/sys/class/pci_bus", "legacy_mem", 0, 1024*1024, 0);
+
+ scan_rom("/sys/devices", "rom");
+}
diff --git a/Documentation/ia64/aliasing.txt b/Documentation/ia64/aliasing.txt
index 38f9a52d182..9a431a7d0f5 100644
--- a/Documentation/ia64/aliasing.txt
+++ b/Documentation/ia64/aliasing.txt
@@ -112,16 +112,6 @@ POTENTIAL ATTRIBUTE ALIASING CASES
The /dev/mem mmap constraints apply.
- However, since this is for mapping legacy MMIO space, WB access
- does not make sense. This matters on machines without legacy
- VGA support: these machines may have WB memory for the entire
- first megabyte (or even the entire first granule).
-
- On these machines, we could mmap legacy_mem as WB, which would
- be safe in terms of attribute aliasing, but X has no way of
- knowing that it is accessing regular memory, not a frame buffer,
- so the kernel should fail the mmap rather than doing it with WB.
-
read/write of /dev/mem
This uses copy_from_user(), which implicitly uses a kernel
@@ -138,14 +128,20 @@ POTENTIAL ATTRIBUTE ALIASING CASES
ioremap()
- This returns a kernel identity mapping for use inside the
- kernel.
+ This returns a mapping for use inside the kernel.
If the region is in kern_memmap, we should use the attribute
- specified there. Otherwise, if the EFI memory map reports that
- the entire granule supports WB, we should use that (granules
- that are partially reserved or occupied by firmware do not appear
- in kern_memmap). Otherwise, we should use a UC mapping.
+ specified there.
+
+ If the EFI memory map reports that the entire granule supports
+ WB, we should use that (granules that are partially reserved
+ or occupied by firmware do not appear in kern_memmap).
+
+ If the granule contains non-WB memory, but we can cover the
+ region safely with kernel page table mappings, we can use
+ ioremap_page_range() as most other architectures do.
+
+ Failing all of the above, we have to fall back to a UC mapping.
PAST PROBLEM CASES
@@ -158,7 +154,7 @@ PAST PROBLEM CASES
succeed. It may create either WB or UC user mappings, depending
on whether the region is in kern_memmap or the EFI memory map.
- mmap of 0x0-0xA0000 /dev/mem by "hwinfo" on HP sx1000 with VGA enabled
+ mmap of 0x0-0x9FFFF /dev/mem by "hwinfo" on HP sx1000 with VGA enabled
See https://bugzilla.novell.com/show_bug.cgi?id=140858.
@@ -171,28 +167,25 @@ PAST PROBLEM CASES
so it is safe to use WB mappings.
The kernel VGA driver may ioremap the VGA frame buffer at 0xA0000,
- which will use a granule-sized UC mapping covering 0-0xFFFFF. This
- granule covers some WB-only memory, but since UC is non-speculative,
- the processor will never generate an uncacheable reference to the
- WB-only areas unless the driver explicitly touches them.
+ which uses a granule-sized UC mapping. This granule will cover some
+ WB-only memory, but since UC is non-speculative, the processor will
+ never generate an uncacheable reference to the WB-only areas unless
+ the driver explicitly touches them.
mmap of 0x0-0xFFFFF legacy_mem by "X"
- If the EFI memory map reports this entire range as WB, there
- is no VGA MMIO hole, and the mmap should fail or be done with
- a WB mapping.
+ If the EFI memory map reports that the entire range supports the
+ same attributes, we can allow the mmap (and we will prefer WB if
+ supported, as is the case with HP sx[12]000 machines with VGA
+ disabled).
- There's no easy way for X to determine whether the 0xA0000-0xBFFFF
- region is a frame buffer or just memory, so I think it's best to
- just fail this mmap request rather than using a WB mapping. As
- far as I know, there's no need to map legacy_mem with WB
- mappings.
+ If EFI reports the range as partly WB and partly UC (as on sx[12]000
+ machines with VGA enabled), we must fail the mmap because there's no
+ safe attribute to use.
- Otherwise, a UC mapping of the entire region is probably safe.
- The VGA hole means the region will not be in kern_memmap. The
- HP sx1000 chipset doesn't support UC access to the memory surrounding
- the VGA hole, but X doesn't need that area anyway and should not
- reference it.
+ If EFI reports some of the range but not all (as on Intel firmware
+ that doesn't report the VGA frame buffer at all), we should fail the
+ mmap and force the user to map just the specific region of interest.
mmap of 0xA0000-0xBFFFF legacy_mem by "X" on HP sx1000 with VGA disabled
@@ -202,6 +195,16 @@ PAST PROBLEM CASES
This is a special case of the previous case, and the mmap should
fail for the same reason as above.
+ read of /sys/devices/.../rom
+
+ For VGA devices, this may cause an ioremap() of 0xC0000. This
+ used to be done with a UC mapping, because the VGA frame buffer
+ at 0xA0000 prevents use of a WB granule. The UC mapping causes
+ an MCA on HP sx[12]000 chipsets.
+
+ We should use WB page table mappings to avoid covering the VGA
+ frame buffer.
+
NOTES
[1] SDM rev 2.2, vol 2, sec 4.4.1.
diff --git a/Documentation/ia64/err_inject.txt b/Documentation/ia64/err_inject.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..6449a7090db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ia64/err_inject.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,1068 @@
+
+IPF Machine Check (MC) error inject tool
+========================================
+
+IPF Machine Check (MC) error inject tool is used to inject MC
+errors from Linux. The tool is a test bed for IPF MC work flow including
+hardware correctable error handling, OS recoverable error handling, MC
+event logging, etc.
+
+The tool includes two parts: a kernel driver and a user application
+sample. The driver provides interface to PAL to inject error
+and query error injection capabilities. The driver code is in
+arch/ia64/kernel/err_inject.c. The application sample (shown below)
+provides a combination of various errors and calls the driver's interface
+(sysfs interface) to inject errors or query error injection capabilities.
+
+The tool can be used to test Intel IPF machine MC handling capabilities.
+It's especially useful for people who can not access hardware MC injection
+tool to inject error. It's also very useful to integrate with other
+software test suits to do stressful testing on IPF.
+
+Below is a sample application as part of the whole tool. The sample
+can be used as a working test tool. Or it can be expanded to include
+more features. It also can be a integrated into a libary or other user
+application to have more thorough test.
+
+The sample application takes err.conf as error configuation input. Gcc
+compiles the code. After you install err_inject driver, you can run
+this sample application to inject errors.
+
+Errata: Itanium 2 Processors Specification Update lists some errata against
+the pal_mc_error_inject PAL procedure. The following err.conf has been tested
+on latest Montecito PAL.
+
+err.conf:
+
+#This is configuration file for err_inject_tool.
+#The format of the each line is:
+#cpu, loop, interval, err_type_info, err_struct_info, err_data_buffer
+#where
+# cpu: logical cpu number the error will be inject in.
+# loop: times the error will be injected.
+# interval: In second. every so often one error is injected.
+# err_type_info, err_struct_info: PAL parameters.
+#
+#Note: All values are hex w/o or w/ 0x prefix.
+
+
+#On cpu2, inject only total 0x10 errors, interval 5 seconds
+#corrected, data cache, hier-2, physical addr(assigned by tool code).
+#working on Montecito latest PAL.
+2, 10, 5, 4101, 95
+
+#On cpu4, inject and consume total 0x10 errors, interval 5 seconds
+#corrected, data cache, hier-2, physical addr(assigned by tool code).
+#working on Montecito latest PAL.
+4, 10, 5, 4109, 95
+
+#On cpu15, inject and consume total 0x10 errors, interval 5 seconds
+#recoverable, DTR0, hier-2.
+#working on Montecito latest PAL.
+0xf, 0x10, 5, 4249, 15
+
+The sample application source code:
+
+err_injection_tool.c:
+
+/*
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
+ * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
+ * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more
+ * details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2006 Intel Co
+ * Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
+ *
+ */
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <sys/ipc.h>
+#include <sys/sem.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/shm.h>
+
+#define MAX_FN_SIZE 256
+#define MAX_BUF_SIZE 256
+#define DATA_BUF_SIZE 256
+#define NR_CPUS 512
+#define MAX_TASK_NUM 2048
+#define MIN_INTERVAL 5 // seconds
+#define ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE 3 // Three 8-byte.
+#define PARA_FIELD_NUM 5
+#define MASK_SIZE (NR_CPUS/64)
+#define PATH_FORMAT "/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu%d/err_inject/"
+
+int sched_setaffinity(pid_t pid, unsigned int len, unsigned long *mask);
+
+int verbose;
+#define vbprintf if (verbose) printf
+
+int log_info(int cpu, const char *fmt, ...)
+{
+ FILE *log;
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ char buf[MAX_BUF_SIZE];
+ va_list args;
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%d.log", cpu);
+ log=fopen(fn, "a+");
+ if (log==NULL) {
+ perror("Error open:");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ va_start(args, fmt);
+ vprintf(fmt, args);
+ memset(buf, 0, MAX_BUF_SIZE);
+ vsprintf(buf, fmt, args);
+ va_end(args);
+
+ fwrite(buf, sizeof(buf), 1, log);
+ fclose(log);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+typedef unsigned long u64;
+typedef unsigned int u32;
+
+typedef union err_type_info_u {
+ struct {
+ u64 mode : 3, /* 0-2 */
+ err_inj : 3, /* 3-5 */
+ err_sev : 2, /* 6-7 */
+ err_struct : 5, /* 8-12 */
+ struct_hier : 3, /* 13-15 */
+ reserved : 48; /* 16-63 */
+ } err_type_info_u;
+ u64 err_type_info;
+} err_type_info_t;
+
+typedef union err_struct_info_u {
+ struct {
+ u64 siv : 1, /* 0 */
+ c_t : 2, /* 1-2 */
+ cl_p : 3, /* 3-5 */
+ cl_id : 3, /* 6-8 */
+ cl_dp : 1, /* 9 */
+ reserved1 : 22, /* 10-31 */
+ tiv : 1, /* 32 */
+ trigger : 4, /* 33-36 */
+ trigger_pl : 3, /* 37-39 */
+ reserved2 : 24; /* 40-63 */
+ } err_struct_info_cache;
+ struct {
+ u64 siv : 1, /* 0 */
+ tt : 2, /* 1-2 */
+ tc_tr : 2, /* 3-4 */
+ tr_slot : 8, /* 5-12 */
+ reserved1 : 19, /* 13-31 */
+ tiv : 1, /* 32 */
+ trigger : 4, /* 33-36 */
+ trigger_pl : 3, /* 37-39 */
+ reserved2 : 24; /* 40-63 */
+ } err_struct_info_tlb;
+ struct {
+ u64 siv : 1, /* 0 */
+ regfile_id : 4, /* 1-4 */
+ reg_num : 7, /* 5-11 */
+ reserved1 : 20, /* 12-31 */
+ tiv : 1, /* 32 */
+ trigger : 4, /* 33-36 */
+ trigger_pl : 3, /* 37-39 */
+ reserved2 : 24; /* 40-63 */
+ } err_struct_info_register;
+ struct {
+ u64 reserved;
+ } err_struct_info_bus_processor_interconnect;
+ u64 err_struct_info;
+} err_struct_info_t;
+
+typedef union err_data_buffer_u {
+ struct {
+ u64 trigger_addr; /* 0-63 */
+ u64 inj_addr; /* 64-127 */
+ u64 way : 5, /* 128-132 */
+ index : 20, /* 133-152 */
+ : 39; /* 153-191 */
+ } err_data_buffer_cache;
+ struct {
+ u64 trigger_addr; /* 0-63 */
+ u64 inj_addr; /* 64-127 */
+ u64 way : 5, /* 128-132 */
+ index : 20, /* 133-152 */
+ reserved : 39; /* 153-191 */
+ } err_data_buffer_tlb;
+ struct {
+ u64 trigger_addr; /* 0-63 */
+ } err_data_buffer_register;
+ struct {
+ u64 reserved; /* 0-63 */
+ } err_data_buffer_bus_processor_interconnect;
+ u64 err_data_buffer[ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE];
+} err_data_buffer_t;
+
+typedef union capabilities_u {
+ struct {
+ u64 i : 1,
+ d : 1,
+ rv : 1,
+ tag : 1,
+ data : 1,
+ mesi : 1,
+ dp : 1,
+ reserved1 : 3,
+ pa : 1,
+ va : 1,
+ wi : 1,
+ reserved2 : 20,
+ trigger : 1,
+ trigger_pl : 1,
+ reserved3 : 30;
+ } capabilities_cache;
+ struct {
+ u64 d : 1,
+ i : 1,
+ rv : 1,
+ tc : 1,
+ tr : 1,
+ reserved1 : 27,
+ trigger : 1,
+ trigger_pl : 1,
+ reserved2 : 30;
+ } capabilities_tlb;
+ struct {
+ u64 gr_b0 : 1,
+ gr_b1 : 1,
+ fr : 1,
+ br : 1,
+ pr : 1,
+ ar : 1,
+ cr : 1,
+ rr : 1,
+ pkr : 1,
+ dbr : 1,
+ ibr : 1,
+ pmc : 1,
+ pmd : 1,
+ reserved1 : 3,
+ regnum : 1,
+ reserved2 : 15,
+ trigger : 1,
+ trigger_pl : 1,
+ reserved3 : 30;
+ } capabilities_register;
+ struct {
+ u64 reserved;
+ } capabilities_bus_processor_interconnect;
+} capabilities_t;
+
+typedef struct resources_s {
+ u64 ibr0 : 1,
+ ibr2 : 1,
+ ibr4 : 1,
+ ibr6 : 1,
+ dbr0 : 1,
+ dbr2 : 1,
+ dbr4 : 1,
+ dbr6 : 1,
+ reserved : 48;
+} resources_t;
+
+
+long get_page_size(void)
+{
+ long page_size=sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
+ return page_size;
+}
+
+#define PAGE_SIZE (get_page_size()==-1?0x4000:get_page_size())
+#define SHM_SIZE (2*PAGE_SIZE*NR_CPUS)
+#define SHM_VA 0x2000000100000000
+
+int shmid;
+void *shmaddr;
+
+int create_shm(void)
+{
+ key_t key;
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+
+ /* cpu0 is always existing */
+ sprintf(fn, PATH_FORMAT, 0);
+ if ((key = ftok(fn, 's')) == -1) {
+ perror("ftok");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ shmid = shmget(key, SHM_SIZE, 0644 | IPC_CREAT);
+ if (shmid == -1) {
+ if (errno==EEXIST) {
+ shmid = shmget(key, SHM_SIZE, 0);
+ if (shmid == -1) {
+ perror("shmget");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+ else {
+ perror("shmget");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+ vbprintf("shmid=%d", shmid);
+
+ /* connect to the segment: */
+ shmaddr = shmat(shmid, (void *)SHM_VA, 0);
+ if (shmaddr == (void*)-1) {
+ perror("shmat");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ memset(shmaddr, 0, SHM_SIZE);
+ mlock(shmaddr, SHM_SIZE);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int free_shm()
+{
+ munlock(shmaddr, SHM_SIZE);
+ shmdt(shmaddr);
+ semctl(shmid, 0, IPC_RMID);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef _SEM_SEMUN_UNDEFINED
+union semun
+{
+ int val;
+ struct semid_ds *buf;
+ unsigned short int *array;
+ struct seminfo *__buf;
+};
+#endif
+
+u32 mode=1; /* 1: physical mode; 2: virtual mode. */
+int one_lock=1;
+key_t key[NR_CPUS];
+int semid[NR_CPUS];
+
+int create_sem(int cpu)
+{
+ union semun arg;
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ int sid;
+
+ sprintf(fn, PATH_FORMAT, cpu);
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/%s", fn, "err_type_info");
+ if ((key[cpu] = ftok(fn, 'e')) == -1) {
+ perror("ftok");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (semid[cpu]!=0)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* clear old semaphore */
+ if ((sid = semget(key[cpu], 1, 0)) != -1)
+ semctl(sid, 0, IPC_RMID);
+
+ /* get one semaphore */
+ if ((semid[cpu] = semget(key[cpu], 1, IPC_CREAT | IPC_EXCL)) == -1) {
+ perror("semget");
+ printf("Please remove semaphore with key=0x%lx, then run the tool.\n",
+ (u64)key[cpu]);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ vbprintf("semid[%d]=0x%lx, key[%d]=%lx\n",cpu,(u64)semid[cpu],cpu,
+ (u64)key[cpu]);
+ /* initialize the semaphore to 1: */
+ arg.val = 1;
+ if (semctl(semid[cpu], 0, SETVAL, arg) == -1) {
+ perror("semctl");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int lock(int cpu)
+{
+ struct sembuf lock;
+
+ lock.sem_num = cpu;
+ lock.sem_op = 1;
+ semop(semid[cpu], &lock, 1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int unlock(int cpu)
+{
+ struct sembuf unlock;
+
+ unlock.sem_num = cpu;
+ unlock.sem_op = -1;
+ semop(semid[cpu], &unlock, 1);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void free_sem(int cpu)
+{
+ semctl(semid[cpu], 0, IPC_RMID);
+}
+
+int wr_multi(char *fn, unsigned long *data, int size)
+{
+ int fd;
+ char buf[MAX_BUF_SIZE];
+ int ret;
+
+ if (size==1)
+ sprintf(buf, "%lx", *data);
+ else if (size==3)
+ sprintf(buf, "%lx,%lx,%lx", data[0], data[1], data[2]);
+ else {
+ fprintf(stderr,"write to file with wrong size!\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ fd=open(fn, O_RDWR);
+ if (!fd) {
+ perror("Error:");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ ret=write(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
+ close(fd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int wr(char *fn, unsigned long data)
+{
+ return wr_multi(fn, &data, 1);
+}
+
+int rd(char *fn, unsigned long *data)
+{
+ int fd;
+ char buf[MAX_BUF_SIZE];
+
+ fd=open(fn, O_RDONLY);
+ if (fd<0) {
+ perror("Error:");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ read(fd, buf, MAX_BUF_SIZE);
+ *data=strtoul(buf, NULL, 16);
+ close(fd);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int rd_status(char *path, int *status)
+{
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/status", path);
+ if (rd(fn, (u64*)status)<0) {
+ perror("status reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int rd_capabilities(char *path, u64 *capabilities)
+{
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/capabilities", path);
+ if (rd(fn, capabilities)<0) {
+ perror("capabilities reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int rd_all(char *path)
+{
+ unsigned long err_type_info, err_struct_info, err_data_buffer;
+ int status;
+ unsigned long capabilities, resources;
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_type_info", path);
+ if (rd(fn, &err_type_info)<0) {
+ perror("err_type_info reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("err_type_info=%lx\n", err_type_info);
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_struct_info", path);
+ if (rd(fn, &err_struct_info)<0) {
+ perror("err_struct_info reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("err_struct_info=%lx\n", err_struct_info);
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_data_buffer", path);
+ if (rd(fn, &err_data_buffer)<0) {
+ perror("err_data_buffer reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("err_data_buffer=%lx\n", err_data_buffer);
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/status", path);
+ if (rd("status", (u64*)&status)<0) {
+ perror("status reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("status=%d\n", status);
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/capabilities", path);
+ if (rd(fn,&capabilities)<0) {
+ perror("capabilities reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("capabilities=%lx\n", capabilities);
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/resources", path);
+ if (rd(fn, &resources)<0) {
+ perror("resources reading error.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("resources=%lx\n", resources);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int query_capabilities(char *path, err_type_info_t err_type_info,
+ u64 *capabilities)
+{
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ err_struct_info_t err_struct_info;
+ err_data_buffer_t err_data_buffer;
+
+ err_struct_info.err_struct_info=0;
+ memset(err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer, -1, ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE*8);
+
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_type_info", path);
+ wr(fn, err_type_info.err_type_info);
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_struct_info", path);
+ wr(fn, 0x0);
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_data_buffer", path);
+ wr_multi(fn, err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer, ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE);
+
+ // Fire pal_mc_error_inject procedure.
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/call_start", path);
+ wr(fn, mode);
+
+ if (rd_capabilities(path, capabilities)<0)
+ return -1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int query_all_capabilities()
+{
+ int status;
+ err_type_info_t err_type_info;
+ int err_sev, err_struct, struct_hier;
+ int cap=0;
+ u64 capabilities;
+ char path[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+
+ err_type_info.err_type_info=0; // Initial
+ err_type_info.err_type_info_u.mode=0; // Query mode;
+ err_type_info.err_type_info_u.err_inj=0;
+
+ printf("All capabilities implemented in pal_mc_error_inject:\n");
+ sprintf(path, PATH_FORMAT ,0);
+ for (err_sev=0;err_sev<3;err_sev++)
+ for (err_struct=0;err_struct<5;err_struct++)
+ for (struct_hier=0;struct_hier<5;struct_hier++)
+ {
+ status=-1;
+ capabilities=0;
+ err_type_info.err_type_info_u.err_sev=err_sev;
+ err_type_info.err_type_info_u.err_struct=err_struct;
+ err_type_info.err_type_info_u.struct_hier=struct_hier;
+
+ if (query_capabilities(path, err_type_info, &capabilities)<0)
+ continue;
+
+ if (rd_status(path, &status)<0)
+ continue;
+
+ if (status==0) {
+ cap=1;
+ printf("For err_sev=%d, err_struct=%d, struct_hier=%d: ",
+ err_sev, err_struct, struct_hier);
+ printf("capabilities 0x%lx\n", capabilities);
+ }
+ }
+ if (!cap) {
+ printf("No capabilities supported.\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int err_inject(int cpu, char *path, err_type_info_t err_type_info,
+ err_struct_info_t err_struct_info,
+ err_data_buffer_t err_data_buffer)
+{
+ int status;
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+
+ log_info(cpu, "err_type_info=%lx, err_struct_info=%lx, ",
+ err_type_info.err_type_info,
+ err_struct_info.err_struct_info);
+ log_info(cpu,"err_data_buffer=[%lx,%lx,%lx]\n",
+ err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer[0],
+ err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer[1],
+ err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer[2]);
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_type_info", path);
+ wr(fn, err_type_info.err_type_info);
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_struct_info", path);
+ wr(fn, err_struct_info.err_struct_info);
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/err_data_buffer", path);
+ wr_multi(fn, err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer, ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE);
+
+ // Fire pal_mc_error_inject procedure.
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/call_start", path);
+ wr(fn,mode);
+
+ if (rd_status(path, &status)<0) {
+ vbprintf("fail: read status\n");
+ return -100;
+ }
+
+ if (status!=0) {
+ log_info(cpu, "fail: status=%d\n", status);
+ return status;
+ }
+
+ return status;
+}
+
+static int construct_data_buf(char *path, err_type_info_t err_type_info,
+ err_struct_info_t err_struct_info,
+ err_data_buffer_t *err_data_buffer,
+ void *va1)
+{
+ char fn[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ u64 virt_addr=0, phys_addr=0;
+
+ vbprintf("va1=%lx\n", (u64)va1);
+ memset(&err_data_buffer->err_data_buffer_cache, 0, ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE*8);
+
+ switch (err_type_info.err_type_info_u.err_struct) {
+ case 1: // Cache
+ switch (err_struct_info.err_struct_info_cache.cl_id) {
+ case 1: //Virtual addr
+ err_data_buffer->err_data_buffer_cache.inj_addr=(u64)va1;
+ break;
+ case 2: //Phys addr
+ sprintf(fn, "%s/virtual_to_phys", path);
+ virt_addr=(u64)va1;
+ if (wr(fn,virt_addr)<0)
+ return -1;
+ rd(fn, &phys_addr);
+ err_data_buffer->err_data_buffer_cache.inj_addr=phys_addr;
+ break;
+ default:
+ printf("Not supported cl_id\n");
+ break;
+ }
+ break;
+ case 2: // TLB
+ break;
+ case 3: // Register file
+ break;
+ case 4: // Bus/system interconnect
+ default:
+ printf("Not supported err_struct\n");
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+typedef struct {
+ u64 cpu;
+ u64 loop;
+ u64 interval;
+ u64 err_type_info;
+ u64 err_struct_info;
+ u64 err_data_buffer[ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE];
+} parameters_t;
+
+parameters_t line_para;
+int para;
+
+static int empty_data_buffer(u64 *err_data_buffer)
+{
+ int empty=1;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i=0;i<ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE; i++)
+ if (err_data_buffer[i]!=-1)
+ empty=0;
+
+ return empty;
+}
+
+int err_inj()
+{
+ err_type_info_t err_type_info;
+ err_struct_info_t err_struct_info;
+ err_data_buffer_t err_data_buffer;
+ int count;
+ FILE *fp;
+ unsigned long cpu, loop, interval, err_type_info_conf, err_struct_info_conf;
+ u64 err_data_buffer_conf[ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE];
+ int num;
+ int i;
+ char path[MAX_FN_SIZE];
+ parameters_t parameters[MAX_TASK_NUM]={};
+ pid_t child_pid[MAX_TASK_NUM];
+ time_t current_time;
+ int status;
+
+ if (!para) {
+ fp=fopen("err.conf", "r");
+ if (fp==NULL) {
+ perror("Error open err.conf");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ num=0;
+ while (!feof(fp)) {
+ char buf[256];
+ memset(buf,0,256);
+ fgets(buf, 256, fp);
+ count=sscanf(buf, "%lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx\n",
+ &cpu, &loop, &interval,&err_type_info_conf,
+ &err_struct_info_conf,
+ &err_data_buffer_conf[0],
+ &err_data_buffer_conf[1],
+ &err_data_buffer_conf[2]);
+ if (count!=PARA_FIELD_NUM+3) {
+ err_data_buffer_conf[0]=-1;
+ err_data_buffer_conf[1]=-1;
+ err_data_buffer_conf[2]=-1;
+ count=sscanf(buf, "%lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx\n",
+ &cpu, &loop, &interval,&err_type_info_conf,
+ &err_struct_info_conf);
+ if (count!=PARA_FIELD_NUM)
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ parameters[num].cpu=cpu;
+ parameters[num].loop=loop;
+ parameters[num].interval= interval>MIN_INTERVAL
+ ?interval:MIN_INTERVAL;
+ parameters[num].err_type_info=err_type_info_conf;
+ parameters[num].err_struct_info=err_struct_info_conf;
+ memcpy(parameters[num++].err_data_buffer,
+ err_data_buffer_conf,ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE*8) ;
+
+ if (num>=MAX_TASK_NUM)
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ else {
+ parameters[0].cpu=line_para.cpu;
+ parameters[0].loop=line_para.loop;
+ parameters[0].interval= line_para.interval>MIN_INTERVAL
+ ?line_para.interval:MIN_INTERVAL;
+ parameters[0].err_type_info=line_para.err_type_info;
+ parameters[0].err_struct_info=line_para.err_struct_info;
+ memcpy(parameters[0].err_data_buffer,
+ line_para.err_data_buffer,ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE*8) ;
+
+ num=1;
+ }
+
+ /* Create semaphore: If one_lock, one semaphore for all processors.
+ Otherwise, one sempaphore for each processor. */
+ if (one_lock) {
+ if (create_sem(0)) {
+ printf("Can not create semaphore...exit\n");
+ free_sem(0);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+ else {
+ for (i=0;i<num;i++) {
+ if (create_sem(parameters[i].cpu)) {
+ printf("Can not create semaphore for cpu%d...exit\n",i);
+ free_sem(parameters[num].cpu);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Create a shm segment which will be used to inject/consume errors on.*/
+ if (create_shm()==-1) {
+ printf("Error to create shm...exit\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ for (i=0;i<num;i++) {
+ pid_t pid;
+
+ current_time=time(NULL);
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu, "\nBegine at %s", ctime(&current_time));
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu, "Configurations:\n");
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu,"On cpu%ld: loop=%lx, interval=%lx(s)",
+ parameters[i].cpu,
+ parameters[i].loop,
+ parameters[i].interval);
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu," err_type_info=%lx,err_struct_info=%lx\n",
+ parameters[i].err_type_info,
+ parameters[i].err_struct_info);
+
+ sprintf(path, PATH_FORMAT, (int)parameters[i].cpu);
+ err_type_info.err_type_info=parameters[i].err_type_info;
+ err_struct_info.err_struct_info=parameters[i].err_struct_info;
+ memcpy(err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer,
+ parameters[i].err_data_buffer,
+ ERR_DATA_BUFFER_SIZE*8);
+
+ pid=fork();
+ if (pid==0) {
+ unsigned long mask[MASK_SIZE];
+ int j, k;
+
+ void *va1, *va2;
+
+ /* Allocate two memory areas va1 and va2 in shm */
+ va1=shmaddr+parameters[i].cpu*PAGE_SIZE;
+ va2=shmaddr+parameters[i].cpu*PAGE_SIZE+PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ vbprintf("va1=%lx, va2=%lx\n", (u64)va1, (u64)va2);
+ memset(va1, 0x1, PAGE_SIZE);
+ memset(va2, 0x2, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ if (empty_data_buffer(err_data_buffer.err_data_buffer))
+ /* If not specified yet, construct data buffer
+ * with va1
+ */
+ construct_data_buf(path, err_type_info,
+ err_struct_info, &err_data_buffer,va1);
+
+ for (j=0;j<MASK_SIZE;j++)
+ mask[j]=0;
+
+ cpu=parameters[i].cpu;
+ k = cpu%64;
+ j = cpu/64;
+ mask[j]=1<<k;
+
+ if (sched_setaffinity(0, MASK_SIZE*8, mask)==-1) {
+ perror("Error sched_setaffinity:");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ for (j=0; j<parameters[i].loop; j++) {
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu,"Injection ");
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu,"on cpu%ld: #%d/%ld ",
+
+ parameters[i].cpu,j+1, parameters[i].loop);
+
+ /* Hold the lock */
+ if (one_lock)
+ lock(0);
+ else
+ /* Hold lock on this cpu */
+ lock(parameters[i].cpu);
+
+ if ((status=err_inject(parameters[i].cpu,
+ path, err_type_info,
+ err_struct_info, err_data_buffer))
+ ==0) {
+ /* consume the error for "inject only"*/
+ memcpy(va2, va1, PAGE_SIZE);
+ memcpy(va1, va2, PAGE_SIZE);
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu,
+ "successful\n");
+ }
+ else {
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu,"fail:");
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu,
+ "status=%d\n", status);
+ unlock(parameters[i].cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ if (one_lock)
+ /* Release the lock */
+ unlock(0);
+ /* Release lock on this cpu */
+ else
+ unlock(parameters[i].cpu);
+
+ if (j < parameters[i].loop-1)
+ sleep(parameters[i].interval);
+ }
+ current_time=time(NULL);
+ log_info(parameters[i].cpu, "Done at %s", ctime(&current_time));
+ return 0;
+ }
+ else if (pid<0) {
+ perror("Error fork:");
+ continue;
+ }
+ child_pid[i]=pid;
+ }
+ for (i=0;i<num;i++)
+ waitpid(child_pid[i], NULL, 0);
+
+ if (one_lock)
+ free_sem(0);
+ else
+ for (i=0;i<num;i++)
+ free_sem(parameters[i].cpu);
+
+ printf("All done.\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void help()
+{
+ printf("err_inject_tool:\n");
+ printf("\t-q: query all capabilities. default: off\n");
+ printf("\t-m: procedure mode. 1: physical 2: virtual. default: 1\n");
+ printf("\t-i: inject errors. default: off\n");
+ printf("\t-l: one lock per cpu. default: one lock for all\n");
+ printf("\t-e: error parameters:\n");
+ printf("\t\tcpu,loop,interval,err_type_info,err_struct_info[,err_data_buffer[0],err_data_buffer[1],err_data_buffer[2]]\n");
+ printf("\t\t cpu: logical cpu number the error will be inject in.\n");
+ printf("\t\t loop: times the error will be injected.\n");
+ printf("\t\t interval: In second. every so often one error is injected.\n");
+ printf("\t\t err_type_info, err_struct_info: PAL parameters.\n");
+ printf("\t\t err_data_buffer: PAL parameter. Optional. If not present,\n");
+ printf("\t\t it's constructed by tool automatically. Be\n");
+ printf("\t\t careful to provide err_data_buffer and make\n");
+ printf("\t\t sure it's working with the environment.\n");
+ printf("\t Note:no space between error parameters.\n");
+ printf("\t default: Take error parameters from err.conf instead of command line.\n");
+ printf("\t-v: verbose. default: off\n");
+ printf("\t-h: help\n\n");
+ printf("The tool will take err.conf file as ");
+ printf("input to inject single or multiple errors ");
+ printf("on one or multiple cpus in parallel.\n");
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ char c;
+ int do_err_inj=0;
+ int do_query_all=0;
+ int count;
+ u32 m;
+
+ /* Default one lock for all cpu's */
+ one_lock=1;
+ while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, "m:iqvhle:")) != EOF)
+ switch (c) {
+ case 'm': /* Procedure mode. 1: phys 2: virt */
+ count=sscanf(optarg, "%x", &m);
+ if (count!=1 || (m!=1 && m!=2)) {
+ printf("Wrong mode number.\n");
+ help();
+ return -1;
+ }
+ mode=m;
+ break;
+ case 'i': /* Inject errors */
+ do_err_inj=1;
+ break;
+ case 'q': /* Query */
+ do_query_all=1;
+ break;
+ case 'v': /* Verbose */
+ verbose=1;
+ break;
+ case 'l': /* One lock per cpu */
+ one_lock=0;
+ break;
+ case 'e': /* error arguments */
+ /* Take parameters:
+ * #cpu, loop, interval, err_type_info, err_struct_info[, err_data_buffer]
+ * err_data_buffer is optional. Recommend not to specify
+ * err_data_buffer. Better to use tool to generate it.
+ */
+ count=sscanf(optarg,
+ "%lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx\n",
+ &line_para.cpu,
+ &line_para.loop,
+ &line_para.interval,
+ &line_para.err_type_info,
+ &line_para.err_struct_info,
+ &line_para.err_data_buffer[0],
+ &line_para.err_data_buffer[1],
+ &line_para.err_data_buffer[2]);
+ if (count!=PARA_FIELD_NUM+3) {
+ line_para.err_data_buffer[0]=-1,
+ line_para.err_data_buffer[1]=-1,
+ line_para.err_data_buffer[2]=-1;
+ count=sscanf(optarg, "%lx, %lx, %lx, %lx, %lx\n",
+ &line_para.cpu,
+ &line_para.loop,
+ &line_para.interval,
+ &line_para.err_type_info,
+ &line_para.err_struct_info);
+ if (count!=PARA_FIELD_NUM) {
+ printf("Wrong error arguments.\n");
+ help();
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+ para=1;
+ break;
+ continue;
+ break;
+ case 'h':
+ help();
+ return 0;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (do_query_all)
+ query_all_capabilities();
+ if (do_err_inj)
+ err_inj();
+
+ if (!do_query_all && !do_err_inj)
+ help();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+