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authorKirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>2014-04-07 15:37:18 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-04-07 16:35:52 -0700
commit8c6e50b0290c4c708a3e6462729e1e9151a9a7df (patch)
treebc858cbfab0be322dc802a41dd9e2c50270871a0 /Documentation
parent179e09637c1bb17c0b6fb347353c7c52e6931fa5 (diff)
downloadlinux-8c6e50b0290c4c708a3e6462729e1e9151a9a7df.tar.gz
mm: introduce vm_ops->map_pages()
Here's new version of faultaround patchset. It took a while to tune it and collect performance data. First patch adds new callback ->map_pages to vm_operations_struct. ->map_pages() is called when VM asks to map easy accessible pages. Filesystem should find and map pages associated with offsets from "pgoff" till "max_pgoff". ->map_pages() is called with page table locked and must not block. If it's not possible to reach a page without blocking, filesystem should skip it. Filesystem should use do_set_pte() to setup page table entry. Pointer to entry associated with offset "pgoff" is passed in "pte" field in vm_fault structure. Pointers to entries for other offsets should be calculated relative to "pte". Currently VM use ->map_pages only on read page fault path. We try to map FAULT_AROUND_PAGES a time. FAULT_AROUND_PAGES is 16 for now. Performance data for different FAULT_AROUND_ORDER is below. TODO: - implement ->map_pages() for shmem/tmpfs; - modify get_user_pages() to be able to use ->map_pages() and implement mmap(MAP_POPULATE|MAP_NONBLOCK) on top. ========================================================================= Tested on 4-socket machine (120 threads) with 128GiB of RAM. Few real-world workloads. The sweet spot for FAULT_AROUND_ORDER here is somewhere between 3 and 5. Let's say 4 :) Linux build (make -j60) FAULT_AROUND_ORDER Baseline 1 3 4 5 7 9 minor-faults 283,301,572 247,151,987 212,215,789 204,772,882 199,568,944 194,703,779 193,381,485 time, seconds 151.227629483 153.920996480 151.356125472 150.863792049 150.879207877 151.150764954 151.450962358 Linux rebuild (make -j60) FAULT_AROUND_ORDER Baseline 1 3 4 5 7 9 minor-faults 5,396,854 4,148,444 2,855,286 2,577,282 2,361,957 2,169,573 2,112,643 time, seconds 27.404543757 27.559725591 27.030057426 26.855045126 26.678618635 26.974523490 26.761320095 Git test suite (make -j60 test) FAULT_AROUND_ORDER Baseline 1 3 4 5 7 9 minor-faults 129,591,823 99,200,751 66,106,718 57,606,410 51,510,808 45,776,813 44,085,515 time, seconds 66.087215026 64.784546905 64.401156567 65.282708668 66.034016829 66.793780811 67.237810413 Two synthetic tests: access every word in file in sequential/random order. It doesn't improve much after FAULT_AROUND_ORDER == 4. Sequential access 16GiB file FAULT_AROUND_ORDER Baseline 1 3 4 5 7 9 1 thread minor-faults 4,195,437 2,098,275 525,068 262,251 131,170 32,856 8,282 time, seconds 7.250461742 6.461711074 5.493859139 5.488488147 5.707213983 5.898510832 5.109232856 8 threads minor-faults 33,557,540 16,892,728 4,515,848 2,366,999 1,423,382 442,732 142,339 time, seconds 16.649304881 9.312555263 6.612490639 6.394316732 6.669827501 6.75078944 6.371900528 32 threads minor-faults 134,228,222 67,526,810 17,725,386 9,716,537 4,763,731 1,668,921 537,200 time, seconds 49.164430543 29.712060103 12.938649729 10.175151004 11.840094583 9.594081325 9.928461797 60 threads minor-faults 251,687,988 126,146,952 32,919,406 18,208,804 10,458,947 2,733,907 928,217 time, seconds 86.260656897 49.626551828 22.335007632 17.608243696 16.523119035 16.339489186 16.326390902 120 threads minor-faults 503,352,863 252,939,677 67,039,168 35,191,827 19,170,091 4,688,357 1,471,862 time, seconds 124.589206333 79.757867787 39.508707872 32.167281632 29.972989292 28.729834575 28.042251622 Random access 1GiB file 1 thread minor-faults 262,636 132,743 34,369 17,299 8,527 3,451 1,222 time, seconds 15.351890914 16.613802482 16.569227308 15.179220992 16.557356122 16.578247824 15.365266994 8 threads minor-faults 2,098,948 1,061,871 273,690 154,501 87,110 25,663 7,384 time, seconds 15.040026343 15.096933500 14.474757288 14.289129964 14.411537468 14.296316837 14.395635804 32 threads minor-faults 8,390,734 4,231,023 1,054,432 528,847 269,242 97,746 26,881 time, seconds 20.430433109 21.585235358 22.115062928 14.872878951 14.880856305 14.883370649 14.821261690 60 threads minor-faults 15,733,258 7,892,809 1,973,393 988,266 594,789 164,994 51,691 time, seconds 26.577302548 25.692397770 18.728863715 20.153026398 21.619101933 17.745086260 17.613215273 120 threads minor-faults 31,471,111 15,816,616 3,959,209 1,978,685 1,008,299 264,635 96,010 time, seconds 41.835322703 40.459786095 36.085306105 35.313894834 35.814445675 36.552633793 34.289210594 Touch only one page in page table in 16GiB file FAULT_AROUND_ORDER Baseline 1 3 4 5 7 9 1 thread minor-faults 8,372 8,324 8,270 8,260 8,249 8,239 8,237 time, seconds 0.039892712 0.045369149 0.051846126 0.063681685 0.079095975 0.17652406 0.541213386 8 threads minor-faults 65,731 65,681 65,628 65,620 65,608 65,599 65,596 time, seconds 0.124159196 0.488600638 0.156854426 0.191901957 0.242631486 0.543569456 1.677303984 32 threads minor-faults 262,388 262,341 262,285 262,276 262,266 262,257 263,183 time, seconds 0.452421421 0.488600638 0.565020946 0.648229739 0.789850823 1.651584361 5.000361559 60 threads minor-faults 491,822 491,792 491,723 491,711 491,701 491,691 491,825 time, seconds 0.763288616 0.869620515 0.980727360 1.161732354 1.466915814 3.04041448 9.308612938 120 threads minor-faults 983,466 983,655 983,366 983,372 983,363 984,083 984,164 time, seconds 1.595846553 1.667902182 2.008959376 2.425380942 2.941368804 5.977807890 18.401846125 This patch (of 2): Introduce new vm_ops callback ->map_pages() and uses it for mapping easy accessible pages around fault address. On read page fault, if filesystem provides ->map_pages(), we try to map up to FAULT_AROUND_PAGES pages around page fault address in hope to reduce number of minor page faults. We call ->map_pages first and use ->fault() as fallback if page by the offset is not ready to be mapped (cold page cache or something). Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Ning Qu <quning@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/Locking10
1 files changed, 10 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
index f424e0e5b46..efca5c1bbb1 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/Locking
@@ -529,6 +529,7 @@ locking rules:
open: yes
close: yes
fault: yes can return with page locked
+map_pages: yes
page_mkwrite: yes can return with page locked
access: yes
@@ -540,6 +541,15 @@ the page, then ensure it is not already truncated (the page lock will block
subsequent truncate), and then return with VM_FAULT_LOCKED, and the page
locked. The VM will unlock the page.
+ ->map_pages() is called when VM asks to map easy accessible pages.
+Filesystem should find and map pages associated with offsets from "pgoff"
+till "max_pgoff". ->map_pages() is called with page table locked and must
+not block. If it's not possible to reach a page without blocking,
+filesystem should skip it. Filesystem should use do_set_pte() to setup
+page table entry. Pointer to entry associated with offset "pgoff" is
+passed in "pte" field in vm_fault structure. Pointers to entries for other
+offsets should be calculated relative to "pte".
+
->page_mkwrite() is called when a previously read-only pte is
about to become writeable. The filesystem again must ensure that there are
no truncate/invalidate races, and then return with the page locked. If