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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-04-03 16:22:16 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-04-03 16:22:16 -0700
commit76ca7d1cca761bb9712dfcad9a27d70b520874ae (patch)
tree4af495beaeee26b126e3dc6f0aa644e8e0b9e24e /Documentation
parentd0cb5f71c5cde8e1ef6d03983641366800ceabdb (diff)
parent8d81e29fae18b93ab51f308b31babe1a6eb04314 (diff)
downloadlinux-76ca7d1cca761bb9712dfcad9a27d70b520874ae.tar.gz
Merge branch 'akpm' (incoming from Andrew)
Merge first patch-bomb from Andrew Morton: - Various misc bits - kmemleak fixes - small befs, codafs, cifs, efs, freexxfs, hfsplus, minixfs, reiserfs things - fanotify - I appear to have become SuperH maintainer - ocfs2 updates - direct-io tweaks - a bit of the MM queue - printk updates - MAINTAINERS maintenance - some backlight things - lib/ updates - checkpatch updates - the rtc queue - nilfs2 updates - Small Documentation/ updates * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (237 commits) Documentation/SubmittingPatches: remove references to patch-scripts Documentation/SubmittingPatches: update some dead URLs Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt: remove changelog reference Documentation/kmemleak.txt: updates fs/reiserfs/super.c: add __init to init_inodecache fs/reiserfs: move prototype declaration to header file fs/hfsplus/attributes.c: add __init to hfsplus_create_attr_tree_cache() fs/hfsplus/extents.c: fix concurrent acess of alloc_blocks fs/hfsplus/extents.c: remove unused variable in hfsplus_get_block nilfs2: update project's web site in nilfs2.txt nilfs2: update MAINTAINERS file entries fix nilfs2: verify metadata sizes read from disk nilfs2: add FITRIM ioctl support for nilfs2 nilfs2: add nilfs_sufile_trim_fs to trim clean segs nilfs2: implementation of NILFS_IOCTL_SET_SUINFO ioctl nilfs2: add nilfs_sufile_set_suinfo to update segment usage nilfs2: add struct nilfs_suinfo_update and flags nilfs2: update MAINTAINERS file entries fs/coda/inode.c: add __init to init_inodecache() BEFS: logging cleanup ...
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/SubmittingPatches50
-rw-r--r--Documentation/devicetree/bindings/rtc/sunxi-rtc.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/nilfs2.txt12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/porting6
-rw-r--r--Documentation/ja_JP/SubmittingPatches9
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kmemleak.txt23
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches8
9 files changed, 94 insertions, 53 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index 26b1e31d5a1..2a8e89e13e4 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -14,7 +14,10 @@ Read Documentation/SubmitChecklist for a list of items to check
before submitting code. If you are submitting a driver, also read
Documentation/SubmittingDrivers.
-
+Many of these steps describe the default behavior of the git version
+control system; if you use git to prepare your patches, you'll find much
+of the mechanical work done for you, though you'll still need to prepare
+and document a sensible set of patches.
--------------------------------------------
SECTION 1 - CREATING AND SENDING YOUR CHANGE
@@ -25,7 +28,9 @@ SECTION 1 - CREATING AND SENDING YOUR CHANGE
1) "diff -up"
------------
-Use "diff -up" or "diff -uprN" to create patches.
+Use "diff -up" or "diff -uprN" to create patches. git generates patches
+in this form by default; if you're using git, you can skip this section
+entirely.
All changes to the Linux kernel occur in the form of patches, as
generated by diff(1). When creating your patch, make sure to create it
@@ -66,19 +71,14 @@ Make sure your patch does not include any extra files which do not
belong in a patch submission. Make sure to review your patch -after-
generated it with diff(1), to ensure accuracy.
-If your changes produce a lot of deltas, you may want to look into
-splitting them into individual patches which modify things in
-logical stages. This will facilitate easier reviewing by other
-kernel developers, very important if you want your patch accepted.
-There are a number of scripts which can aid in this:
-
-Quilt:
-http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/quilt
+If your changes produce a lot of deltas, you need to split them into
+individual patches which modify things in logical stages; see section
+#3. This will facilitate easier reviewing by other kernel developers,
+very important if you want your patch accepted.
-Andrew Morton's patch scripts:
-http://userweb.kernel.org/~akpm/stuff/patch-scripts.tar.gz
-Instead of these scripts, quilt is the recommended patch management
-tool (see above).
+If you're using git, "git rebase -i" can help you with this process. If
+you're not using git, quilt <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/quilt>
+is another popular alternative.
@@ -106,8 +106,21 @@ I.e., the patch (series) and its description should be self-contained.
This benefits both the patch merger(s) and reviewers. Some reviewers
probably didn't even receive earlier versions of the patch.
+Describe your changes in imperative mood, e.g. "make xyzzy do frotz"
+instead of "[This patch] makes xyzzy do frotz" or "[I] changed xyzzy
+to do frotz", as if you are giving orders to the codebase to change
+its behaviour.
+
If the patch fixes a logged bug entry, refer to that bug entry by
-number and URL.
+number and URL. If the patch follows from a mailing list discussion,
+give a URL to the mailing list archive; use the https://lkml.kernel.org/
+redirector with a Message-Id, to ensure that the links cannot become
+stale.
+
+However, try to make your explanation understandable without external
+resources. In addition to giving a URL to a mailing list archive or
+bug, summarize the relevant points of the discussion that led to the
+patch as submitted.
If you want to refer to a specific commit, don't just refer to the
SHA-1 ID of the commit. Please also include the oneline summary of
@@ -594,7 +607,8 @@ patch.
If you are going to include a diffstat after the "---" marker, please
use diffstat options "-p 1 -w 70" so that filenames are listed from
the top of the kernel source tree and don't use too much horizontal
-space (easily fit in 80 columns, maybe with some indentation).
+space (easily fit in 80 columns, maybe with some indentation). (git
+generates appropriate diffstats by default.)
See more details on the proper patch format in the following
references.
@@ -725,7 +739,7 @@ SECTION 3 - REFERENCES
----------------------
Andrew Morton, "The perfect patch" (tpp).
- <http://userweb.kernel.org/~akpm/stuff/tpp.txt>
+ <http://www.ozlabs.org/~akpm/stuff/tpp.txt>
Jeff Garzik, "Linux kernel patch submission format".
<http://linux.yyz.us/patch-format.html>
@@ -738,7 +752,7 @@ Greg Kroah-Hartman, "How to piss off a kernel subsystem maintainer".
<http://www.kroah.com/log/linux/maintainer-05.html>
NO!!!! No more huge patch bombs to linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org people!
- <http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=112112749912944&w=2>
+ <https://lkml.org/lkml/2005/7/11/336>
Kernel Documentation/CodingStyle:
<http://users.sosdg.org/~qiyong/lxr/source/Documentation/CodingStyle>
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/rtc/sunxi-rtc.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/rtc/sunxi-rtc.txt
index 7cb9dbf3487..6983aad376c 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/rtc/sunxi-rtc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/rtc/sunxi-rtc.txt
@@ -3,7 +3,7 @@
RTC controller for the Allwinner A10/A20
Required properties:
-- compatible : Should be "allwinner,sun4i-rtc" or "allwinner,sun7i-a20-rtc"
+- compatible : Should be "allwinner,sun4i-a10-rtc" or "allwinner,sun7i-a20-rtc"
- reg: physical base address of the controller and length of memory mapped
region.
- interrupts: IRQ line for the RTC.
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ Required properties:
Example:
rtc: rtc@01c20d00 {
- compatible = "allwinner,sun4i-rtc";
+ compatible = "allwinner,sun4i-a10-rtc";
reg = <0x01c20d00 0x20>;
interrupts = <24>;
};
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nilfs2.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/nilfs2.txt
index 06887d46ccf..41c3d332acc 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/nilfs2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nilfs2.txt
@@ -25,9 +25,8 @@ available from the following download page. At least "mkfs.nilfs2",
cleaner or garbage collector) are required. Details on the tools are
described in the man pages included in the package.
-Project web page: http://www.nilfs.org/en/
-Download page: http://www.nilfs.org/en/download.html
-Git tree web page: http://www.nilfs.org/git/
+Project web page: http://nilfs.sourceforge.net/
+Download page: http://nilfs.sourceforge.net/en/download.html
List info: http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#linux-nilfs
Caveats
@@ -111,6 +110,13 @@ Table of NILFS2 specific ioctls
nilfs_resize utilities and by nilfs_cleanerd
daemon.
+ NILFS_IOCTL_SET_SUINFO Modify segment usage info of requested
+ segments. This ioctl is used by
+ nilfs_cleanerd daemon to skip unnecessary
+ cleaning operation of segments and reduce
+ performance penalty or wear of flash device
+ due to redundant move of in-use blocks.
+
NILFS_IOCTL_GET_SUSTAT Return segment usage statistics. This ioctl
is used in lssu, nilfs_resize utilities and
by nilfs_cleanerd daemon.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt
index 791af8dac06..61947facfc0 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt
@@ -455,8 +455,6 @@ not have this problem with odd numbers of sectors.
ChangeLog
=========
-Note, a technical ChangeLog aimed at kernel hackers is in fs/ntfs/ChangeLog.
-
2.1.30:
- Fix writev() (it kept writing the first segment over and over again
instead of moving onto subsequent segments).
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/porting b/Documentation/filesystems/porting
index fe2b7ae6f96..0f3a1390bf0 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/porting
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/porting
@@ -295,9 +295,9 @@ in the beginning of ->setattr unconditionally.
->clear_inode() and ->delete_inode() are gone; ->evict_inode() should
be used instead. It gets called whenever the inode is evicted, whether it has
remaining links or not. Caller does *not* evict the pagecache or inode-associated
-metadata buffers; getting rid of those is responsibility of method, as it had
-been for ->delete_inode(). Caller makes sure async writeback cannot be running
-for the inode while (or after) ->evict_inode() is called.
+metadata buffers; the method has to use truncate_inode_pages_final() to get rid
+of those. Caller makes sure async writeback cannot be running for the inode while
+(or after) ->evict_inode() is called.
->drop_inode() returns int now; it's called on final iput() with
inode->i_lock held and it returns true if filesystems wants the inode to be
diff --git a/Documentation/ja_JP/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/ja_JP/SubmittingPatches
index 97f78dd0c08..5d6ae639bfa 100644
--- a/Documentation/ja_JP/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/ja_JP/SubmittingPatches
@@ -98,11 +98,6 @@ dontdiff ファイルには Linux カーネルのビルドプロセスの過程
Quilt:
http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/quilt
-Andrew Morton's patch scripts:
-http://userweb.kernel.org/~akpm/stuff/patch-scripts.tar.gz
-このリンクの先のスクリプトの代わりとして、quilt がパッチマネジメント
-ツールとして推奨されています(上のリンクを見てください)。
-
2) パッチに対する説明
パッチの中の変更点に対する技術的な詳細について説明してください。
@@ -695,7 +690,7 @@ gcc においては、マクロと同じくらい軽いです。
----------------------
Andrew Morton, "The perfect patch" (tpp).
- <http://userweb.kernel.org/~akpm/stuff/tpp.txt>
+ <http://www.ozlabs.org/~akpm/stuff/tpp.txt>
Jeff Garzik, "Linux kernel patch submission format".
<http://linux.yyz.us/patch-format.html>
@@ -707,7 +702,7 @@ Greg Kroah-Hartman, "How to piss off a kernel subsystem maintainer".
<http://www.kroah.com/log/2006/01/11/>
NO!!!! No more huge patch bombs to linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org people!
- <http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=112112749912944&w=2>
+ <https://lkml.org/lkml/2005/7/11/336>
Kernel Documentation/CodingStyle:
<http://users.sosdg.org/~qiyong/lxr/source/Documentation/CodingStyle>
diff --git a/Documentation/kmemleak.txt b/Documentation/kmemleak.txt
index b6e39739a36..a7563ec4ea7 100644
--- a/Documentation/kmemleak.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kmemleak.txt
@@ -11,9 +11,7 @@ with the difference that the orphan objects are not freed but only
reported via /sys/kernel/debug/kmemleak. A similar method is used by the
Valgrind tool (memcheck --leak-check) to detect the memory leaks in
user-space applications.
-
-Please check DEBUG_KMEMLEAK dependencies in lib/Kconfig.debug for supported
-architectures.
+Kmemleak is supported on x86, arm, powerpc, sparc, sh, microblaze, ppc, mips, s390, metag and tile.
Usage
-----
@@ -53,7 +51,8 @@ Memory scanning parameters can be modified at run-time by writing to the
(default 600, 0 to stop the automatic scanning)
scan - trigger a memory scan
clear - clear list of current memory leak suspects, done by
- marking all current reported unreferenced objects grey
+ marking all current reported unreferenced objects grey,
+ or free all kmemleak objects if kmemleak has been disabled.
dump=<addr> - dump information about the object found at <addr>
Kmemleak can also be disabled at boot-time by passing "kmemleak=off" on
@@ -68,7 +67,7 @@ Basic Algorithm
The memory allocations via kmalloc, vmalloc, kmem_cache_alloc and
friends are traced and the pointers, together with additional
-information like size and stack trace, are stored in a prio search tree.
+information like size and stack trace, are stored in a rbtree.
The corresponding freeing function calls are tracked and the pointers
removed from the kmemleak data structures.
@@ -84,7 +83,7 @@ The scanning algorithm steps:
1. mark all objects as white (remaining white objects will later be
considered orphan)
2. scan the memory starting with the data section and stacks, checking
- the values against the addresses stored in the prio search tree. If
+ the values against the addresses stored in the rbtree. If
a pointer to a white object is found, the object is added to the
gray list
3. scan the gray objects for matching addresses (some white objects
@@ -120,6 +119,18 @@ Then as usual to get your report with:
# cat /sys/kernel/debug/kmemleak
+Freeing kmemleak internal objects
+---------------------------------
+
+To allow access to previosuly found memory leaks after kmemleak has been
+disabled by the user or due to an fatal error, internal kmemleak objects
+won't be freed when kmemleak is disabled, and those objects may occupy
+a large part of physical memory.
+
+In this situation, you may reclaim memory with:
+
+ # echo clear > /sys/kernel/debug/kmemleak
+
Kmemleak API
------------
diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
index d614a9b6a28..dd9d0e33b44 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
@@ -175,18 +175,39 @@ Setting this to zero disables periodic writeback altogether.
drop_caches
-Writing to this will cause the kernel to drop clean caches, dentries and
-inodes from memory, causing that memory to become free.
+Writing to this will cause the kernel to drop clean caches, as well as
+reclaimable slab objects like dentries and inodes. Once dropped, their
+memory becomes free.
To free pagecache:
echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
-To free dentries and inodes:
+To free reclaimable slab objects (includes dentries and inodes):
echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
-To free pagecache, dentries and inodes:
+To free slab objects and pagecache:
echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
-As this is a non-destructive operation and dirty objects are not freeable, the
-user should run `sync' first.
+This is a non-destructive operation and will not free any dirty objects.
+To increase the number of objects freed by this operation, the user may run
+`sync' prior to writing to /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches. This will minimize the
+number of dirty objects on the system and create more candidates to be
+dropped.
+
+This file is not a means to control the growth of the various kernel caches
+(inodes, dentries, pagecache, etc...) These objects are automatically
+reclaimed by the kernel when memory is needed elsewhere on the system.
+
+Use of this file can cause performance problems. Since it discards cached
+objects, it may cost a significant amount of I/O and CPU to recreate the
+dropped objects, especially if they were under heavy use. Because of this,
+use outside of a testing or debugging environment is not recommended.
+
+You may see informational messages in your kernel log when this file is
+used:
+
+ cat (1234): drop_caches: 3
+
+These are informational only. They do not mean that anything is wrong
+with your system. To disable them, echo 4 (bit 3) into drop_caches.
==============================================================
diff --git a/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches
index be0bd472506..1d3a10f8746 100644
--- a/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches
@@ -82,10 +82,6 @@ Documentation/SubmittingDrivers 。
Quilt:
http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/quilt
-Andrew Morton 的补丁脚本:
-http://userweb.kernel.org/~akpm/stuff/patch-scripts.tar.gz
-作为这些脚本的替代,quilt 是值得推荐的补丁管理工具(看上面的链接)。
-
2)描述你的改动。
描述你的改动包含的技术细节。
@@ -394,7 +390,7 @@ Static inline 函数相比宏来说,是好得多的选择。Static inline 函
----------------
Andrew Morton, "The perfect patch" (tpp).
- <http://userweb.kernel.org/~akpm/stuff/tpp.txt>
+ <http://www.ozlabs.org/~akpm/stuff/tpp.txt>
Jeff Garzik, "Linux kernel patch submission format".
<http://linux.yyz.us/patch-format.html>
@@ -406,7 +402,7 @@ Greg Kroah-Hartman, "How to piss off a kernel subsystem maintainer".
<http://www.kroah.com/log/2006/01/11/>
NO!!!! No more huge patch bombs to linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org people!
- <http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=112112749912944&w=2>
+ <https://lkml.org/lkml/2005/7/11/336>
Kernel Documentation/CodingStyle:
<http://sosdg.org/~coywolf/lxr/source/Documentation/CodingStyle>