path: root/Documentation
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authorJaya Kumar <jayakumar.lkml@gmail.com>2007-05-08 00:37:37 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-05-08 11:15:26 -0700
commit60b59beafba875aef6d378078bce0baf2287ae14 (patch)
treebb599c0e2ad43ee8f515a9f9af009442931b6a37 /Documentation
parent3a2842480bbef42c3c90e14c1f378360d8c20a0c (diff)
fbdev: mm: Deferred IO support
This implements deferred IO support in fbdev. Deferred IO is a way to delay and repurpose IO. This implementation is done using mm's page_mkwrite and page_mkclean hooks in order to detect, delay and then rewrite IO. This functionality is used by hecubafb. [adaplas] This is useful for graphics hardware with no directly addressable/mappable framebuffer. Implementing this will allow the "framebuffer" to be accesible from user space via mmap(). Signed-off-by: Jaya Kumar <jayakumar.lkml@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Antonino Daplas <adaplas@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
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+Deferred IO
+Deferred IO is a way to delay and repurpose IO. It uses host memory as a
+buffer and the MMU pagefault as a pretrigger for when to perform the device
+IO. The following example may be a useful explaination of how one such setup
+- userspace app like Xfbdev mmaps framebuffer
+- deferred IO and driver sets up nopage and page_mkwrite handlers
+- userspace app tries to write to mmaped vaddress
+- we get pagefault and reach nopage handler
+- nopage handler finds and returns physical page
+- we get page_mkwrite where we add this page to a list
+- schedule a workqueue task to be run after a delay
+- app continues writing to that page with no additional cost. this is
+ the key benefit.
+- the workqueue task comes in and mkcleans the pages on the list, then
+ completes the work associated with updating the framebuffer. this is
+ the real work talking to the device.
+- app tries to write to the address (that has now been mkcleaned)
+- get pagefault and the above sequence occurs again
+As can be seen from above, one benefit is roughly to allow bursty framebuffer
+writes to occur at minimum cost. Then after some time when hopefully things
+have gone quiet, we go and really update the framebuffer which would be
+a relatively more expensive operation.
+For some types of nonvolatile high latency displays, the desired image is
+the final image rather than the intermediate stages which is why it's okay
+to not update for each write that is occuring.
+It may be the case that this is useful in other scenarios as well. Paul Mundt
+has mentioned a case where it is beneficial to use the page count to decide
+whether to coalesce and issue SG DMA or to do memory bursts.
+Another one may be if one has a device framebuffer that is in an usual format,
+say diagonally shifting RGB, this may then be a mechanism for you to allow
+apps to pretend to have a normal framebuffer but reswizzle for the device
+framebuffer at vsync time based on the touched pagelist.
+How to use it: (for applications)
+No changes needed. mmap the framebuffer like normal and just use it.
+How to use it: (for fbdev drivers)
+The following example may be helpful.
+1. Setup your structure. Eg:
+static struct fb_deferred_io hecubafb_defio = {
+ .delay = HZ,
+ .deferred_io = hecubafb_dpy_deferred_io,
+The delay is the minimum delay between when the page_mkwrite trigger occurs
+and when the deferred_io callback is called. The deferred_io callback is
+explained below.
+2. Setup your deferred IO callback. Eg:
+static void hecubafb_dpy_deferred_io(struct fb_info *info,
+ struct list_head *pagelist)
+The deferred_io callback is where you would perform all your IO to the display
+device. You receive the pagelist which is the list of pages that were written
+to during the delay. You must not modify this list. This callback is called
+from a workqueue.
+3. Call init
+ info->fbdefio = &hecubafb_defio;
+ fb_deferred_io_init(info);
+4. Call cleanup
+ fb_deferred_io_cleanup(info);