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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-05-21 19:21:20 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-05-21 19:21:20 -0700
commit62c8d922783a0fa41a9b4ca004f0467d6ca9be48 (patch)
treef9090aa5e65edab8528a0b2bb5d29a629a6e439d /Documentation
parent06930b94d19a8641f8a2dc9d6ec27e2a5a39d17c (diff)
parent500242ac6152b8f20903f043a86e6fdd51478845 (diff)
downloadlinux-62c8d922783a0fa41a9b4ca004f0467d6ca9be48.tar.gz
Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/steve/gfs2-3.0-nmw
Pull GFS2 changes from Steven Whitehouse. * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/steve/gfs2-3.0-nmw: (24 commits) GFS2: Fix quota adjustment return code GFS2: Add rgrp information to block_alloc trace point GFS2: Eliminate unused "new" parameter to gfs2_meta_indirect_buffer GFS2: Update glock doc to add new stats info GFS2: Update main gfs2 doc GFS2: Remove redundant metadata block type check GFS2: Fix sgid propagation when using ACLs GFS2: eliminate log elements and simplify GFS2: Eliminate vestigial sd_log_le_rg GFS2: Eliminate needless parameter from function gfs2_setbit GFS2: Log code fixes GFS2: Remove unused argument from gfs2_internal_read GFS2: Remove bd_list_tr GFS2: Remove duplicate log code GFS2: Clean up log write code path GFS2: Use variable rather than qa to determine if unstuff necessary GFS2: Change variable blk to biblk GFS2: Fix function parameter comments in rgrp.c GFS2: Eliminate offset parameter to gfs2_setbit GFS2: Use slab for block reservation memory ...
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/gfs2-glocks.txt119
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/gfs2.txt9
2 files changed, 122 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2-glocks.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2-glocks.txt
index 0494f78d87e..fcc79957be6 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2-glocks.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2-glocks.txt
@@ -61,7 +61,9 @@ go_unlock | Called on the final local unlock of a lock
go_dump | Called to print content of object for debugfs file, or on
| error to dump glock to the log.
go_type | The type of the glock, LM_TYPE_.....
-go_min_hold_time | The minimum hold time
+go_callback | Called if the DLM sends a callback to drop this lock
+go_flags | GLOF_ASPACE is set, if the glock has an address space
+ | associated with it
The minimum hold time for each lock is the time after a remote lock
grant for which we ignore remote demote requests. This is in order to
@@ -89,6 +91,7 @@ go_demote_ok | Sometimes | Yes
go_lock | Yes | No
go_unlock | Yes | No
go_dump | Sometimes | Yes
+go_callback | Sometimes (N/A) | Yes
N.B. Operations must not drop either the bit lock or the spinlock
if its held on entry. go_dump and do_demote_ok must never block.
@@ -111,4 +114,118 @@ itself (locking order as above), and the other, known as the iopen
glock is used in conjunction with the i_nlink field in the inode to
determine the lifetime of the inode in question. Locking of inodes
is on a per-inode basis. Locking of rgrps is on a per rgrp basis.
+In general we prefer to lock local locks prior to cluster locks.
+
+ Glock Statistics
+ ------------------
+
+The stats are divided into two sets: those relating to the
+super block and those relating to an individual glock. The
+super block stats are done on a per cpu basis in order to
+try and reduce the overhead of gathering them. They are also
+further divided by glock type. All timings are in nanoseconds.
+
+In the case of both the super block and glock statistics,
+the same information is gathered in each case. The super
+block timing statistics are used to provide default values for
+the glock timing statistics, so that newly created glocks
+should have, as far as possible, a sensible starting point.
+The per-glock counters are initialised to zero when the
+glock is created. The per-glock statistics are lost when
+the glock is ejected from memory.
+
+The statistics are divided into three pairs of mean and
+variance, plus two counters. The mean/variance pairs are
+smoothed exponential estimates and the algorithm used is
+one which will be very familiar to those used to calculation
+of round trip times in network code. See "TCP/IP Illustrated,
+Volume 1", W. Richard Stevens, sect 21.3, "Round-Trip Time Measurement",
+p. 299 and onwards. Also, Volume 2, Sect. 25.10, p. 838 and onwards.
+Unlike the TCP/IP Illustrated case, the mean and variance are
+not scaled, but are in units of integer nanoseconds.
+
+The three pairs of mean/variance measure the following
+things:
+
+ 1. DLM lock time (non-blocking requests)
+ 2. DLM lock time (blocking requests)
+ 3. Inter-request time (again to the DLM)
+
+A non-blocking request is one which will complete right
+away, whatever the state of the DLM lock in question. That
+currently means any requests when (a) the current state of
+the lock is exclusive, i.e. a lock demotion (b) the requested
+state is either null or unlocked (again, a demotion) or (c) the
+"try lock" flag is set. A blocking request covers all the other
+lock requests.
+
+There are two counters. The first is there primarily to show
+how many lock requests have been made, and thus how much data
+has gone into the mean/variance calculations. The other counter
+is counting queuing of holders at the top layer of the glock
+code. Hopefully that number will be a lot larger than the number
+of dlm lock requests issued.
+
+So why gather these statistics? There are several reasons
+we'd like to get a better idea of these timings:
+
+1. To be able to better set the glock "min hold time"
+2. To spot performance issues more easily
+3. To improve the algorithm for selecting resource groups for
+allocation (to base it on lock wait time, rather than blindly
+using a "try lock")
+
+Due to the smoothing action of the updates, a step change in
+some input quantity being sampled will only fully be taken
+into account after 8 samples (or 4 for the variance) and this
+needs to be carefully considered when interpreting the
+results.
+
+Knowing both the time it takes a lock request to complete and
+the average time between lock requests for a glock means we
+can compute the total percentage of the time for which the
+node is able to use a glock vs. time that the rest of the
+cluster has its share. That will be very useful when setting
+the lock min hold time.
+
+Great care has been taken to ensure that we
+measure exactly the quantities that we want, as accurately
+as possible. There are always inaccuracies in any
+measuring system, but I hope this is as accurate as we
+can reasonably make it.
+
+Per sb stats can be found here:
+/sys/kernel/debug/gfs2/<fsname>/sbstats
+Per glock stats can be found here:
+/sys/kernel/debug/gfs2/<fsname>/glstats
+
+Assuming that debugfs is mounted on /sys/kernel/debug and also
+that <fsname> is replaced with the name of the gfs2 filesystem
+in question.
+
+The abbreviations used in the output as are follows:
+
+srtt - Smoothed round trip time for non-blocking dlm requests
+srttvar - Variance estimate for srtt
+srttb - Smoothed round trip time for (potentially) blocking dlm requests
+srttvarb - Variance estimate for srttb
+sirt - Smoothed inter-request time (for dlm requests)
+sirtvar - Variance estimate for sirt
+dlm - Number of dlm requests made (dcnt in glstats file)
+queue - Number of glock requests queued (qcnt in glstats file)
+
+The sbstats file contains a set of these stats for each glock type (so 8 lines
+for each type) and for each cpu (one column per cpu). The glstats file contains
+a set of these stats for each glock in a similar format to the glocks file, but
+using the format mean/variance for each of the timing stats.
+
+The gfs2_glock_lock_time tracepoint prints out the current values of the stats
+for the glock in question, along with some addition information on each dlm
+reply that is received:
+
+status - The status of the dlm request
+flags - The dlm request flags
+tdiff - The time taken by this specific request
+(remaining fields as per above list)
+
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2.txt
index 4cda926628a..cc4f2306609 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/gfs2.txt
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
Global File System
------------------
-http://sources.redhat.com/cluster/wiki/
+https://fedorahosted.org/cluster/wiki/HomePage
GFS is a cluster file system. It allows a cluster of computers to
simultaneously use a block device that is shared between them (with FC,
@@ -30,7 +30,8 @@ needed, simply:
If you are using Fedora, you need to install the gfs2-utils package
and, for lock_dlm, you will also need to install the cman package
-and write a cluster.conf as per the documentation.
+and write a cluster.conf as per the documentation. For F17 and above
+cman has been replaced by the dlm package.
GFS2 is not on-disk compatible with previous versions of GFS, but it
is pretty close.
@@ -39,8 +40,6 @@ The following man pages can be found at the URL above:
fsck.gfs2 to repair a filesystem
gfs2_grow to expand a filesystem online
gfs2_jadd to add journals to a filesystem online
- gfs2_tool to manipulate, examine and tune a filesystem
- gfs2_quota to examine and change quota values in a filesystem
+ tunegfs2 to manipulate, examine and tune a filesystem
gfs2_convert to convert a gfs filesystem to gfs2 in-place
- mount.gfs2 to help mount(8) mount a filesystem
mkfs.gfs2 to make a filesystem