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authorTilman Schmidt <tilman@imap.cc>2006-04-10 22:55:15 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-04-11 06:18:50 -0700
commit27d1ac2ef7d0b9250ca9fd2ef506e12866ce8fdf (patch)
tree131961534606860e0d2bc17901cd92264e203bb6 /Documentation/isdn
parent70440cf24ce6841fc5a01c38e2a732cf0bc2792a (diff)
downloadlinux-27d1ac2ef7d0b9250ca9fd2ef506e12866ce8fdf.tar.gz
[PATCH] isdn4linux: Siemens Gigaset drivers: add README
With Hansjoerg Lipp <hjlipp@web.de> Add a README file for the Siemens Gigaset drivers to the Documentation/isdn directory. Signed-off-by: Hansjoerg Lipp <hjlipp@web.de> Signed-off-by: Tilman Schmidt <tilman@imap.cc> Cc: Karsten Keil <kkeil@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
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+GigaSet 307x Device Driver
+==========================
+
+1. Requirements
+ ------------
+1.1. Hardware
+ --------
+ This release supports the connection of the Gigaset 307x/417x family of
+ ISDN DECT bases via Gigaset M101 Data, Gigaset M105 Data or direct USB
+ connection. The following devices are reported to be compatible:
+ 307x/417x:
+ Gigaset SX255isdn
+ Gigaset SX353isdn
+ Sinus 45 [AB] isdn (Deutsche Telekom)
+ Sinus 721X/XA
+ Vox Chicago 390 ISDN (KPN Telecom)
+ M101:
+ Sinus 45 Data 1 (Telekom)
+ M105:
+ Gigaset USB Adapter DECT
+ Sinus 45 Data 2 (Telekom)
+ Sinus 721 data
+ Chicago 390 USB (KPN)
+ See also http://www.erbze.info/sinus_gigaset.htm and
+ http://gigaset307x.sourceforge.net/
+
+ We had also reports from users of Gigaset M105 who could use the drivers
+ with SX 100 and CX 100 ISDN bases (only in unimodem mode, see section 2.4.)
+ If you have another device that works with our driver, please let us know.
+ For example, Gigaset SX205isdn/Sinus 721 X SE and Gigaset SX303isdn bases
+ are just versions without answering machine of models known to work, so
+ they should work just as well; but so far we are lacking positive reports
+ on these.
+
+ Chances of getting an USB device to work are good if the output of
+ lsusb
+ at the command line contains one of the following:
+ ID 0681:0001
+ ID 0681:0002
+ ID 0681:0009
+ ID 0681:0021
+ ID 0681:0022
+
+1.2. Software
+ --------
+ The driver works with ISDN4linux and so can be used with any software
+ which is able to use ISDN4linux for ISDN connections (voice or data).
+ CAPI4Linux support is planned but not yet available.
+
+ There are some user space tools available at
+ http://sourceforge.net/projects/gigaset307x/
+ which provide access to additional device specific functions like SMS,
+ phonebook or call journal.
+
+
+2. How to use the driver
+ ---------------------
+2.1. Modules
+ -------
+ To get the device working, you have to load the proper kernel module. You
+ can do this using
+ modprobe modulename
+ where modulename is usb_gigaset (M105) or bas_gigaset (direct USB
+ connection to the base).
+
+2.2. Device nodes for user space programs
+ ------------------------------------
+ The device can be accessed from user space (eg. by the user space tools
+ mentioned in 1.2.) through the device nodes:
+
+ - /dev/ttyGU0 for M105 (USB data boxes)
+ - /dev/ttyGB0 for the base driver (direct USB connection)
+
+ You can also select a "default device" which is used by the frontends when
+ no device node is given as parameter, by creating a symlink /dev/ttyG to
+ one of them, eg.:
+
+ ln -s /dev/ttyGB0 /dev/ttyG
+
+2.3. ISDN4linux
+ ----------
+ This is the "normal" mode of operation. After loading the module you can
+ set up the ISDN system just as you'd do with any ISDN card.
+ Your distribution should provide some configuration utility.
+ If not, you can use some HOWTOs like
+ http://www.linuxhaven.de/dlhp/HOWTO/DE-ISDN-HOWTO-5.html
+ If this doesn't work, because you have some recent device like SX100 where
+ debug output (see section 3.2.) shows something like this when dialing
+ CMD Received: ERROR
+ Available Params: 0
+ Connection State: 0, Response: -1
+ gigaset_process_response: resp_code -1 in ConState 0 !
+ Timeout occurred
+ you might need to use unimodem mode:
+
+2.4. Unimodem mode
+ -------------
+ This is needed for some devices [e.g. SX100] as they have problems with
+ the "normal" commands.
+
+ If you have installed the command line tool gigacontr, you can enter
+ unimodem mode using
+ gigacontr --mode unimodem
+ You can switch back using
+ gigacontr --mode isdn
+
+ You can also load the driver using e.g.
+ modprobe usb_gigaset startmode=0
+ to prevent the driver from starting in "isdn4linux mode".
+
+ In this mode the device works like a modem connected to a serial port
+ (the /dev/ttyGU0, ... mentioned above) which understands the commands
+ ATZ init, reset
+ => OK or ERROR
+ ATD
+ ATDT dial
+ => OK, CONNECT,
+ BUSY,
+ NO DIAL TONE,
+ NO CARRIER,
+ NO ANSWER
+ <pause>+++<pause> change to command mode when connected
+ ATH hangup
+
+ You can use some configuration tool of your distribution to configure this
+ "modem" or configure pppd/wvdial manually. There are some example ppp
+ configuration files and chat scripts in the gigaset-VERSION/ppp directory.
+ Please note that the USB drivers are not able to change the state of the
+ control lines (the M105 driver can be configured to use some undocumented
+ control requests, if you really need the control lines, though). This means
+ you must use "Stupid Mode" if you are using wvdial or you should use the
+ nocrtscts option of pppd.
+ You must also assure that the ppp_async module is loaded with the parameter
+ flag_time=0. You can do this e.g. by adding a line like
+
+ options ppp_async flag_time=0
+
+ to /etc/modprobe.conf. If your distribution has some local module
+ configuration file like /etc/modprobe.conf.local,
+ using that should be preferred.
+
+2.5. Call-ID (CID) mode
+ ------------------
+ Call-IDs are numbers used to tag commands to, and responses from, the
+ Gigaset base in order to support the simultaneous handling of multiple
+ ISDN calls. Their use can be enabled ("CID mode") or disabled ("Unimodem
+ mode"). Without Call-IDs (in Unimodem mode), only a very limited set of
+ functions is available. It allows outgoing data connections only, but
+ does not signal incoming calls or other base events.
+
+ DECT cordless data devices (M10x) permanently occupy the cordless
+ connection to the base while Call-IDs are activated. As the Gigaset
+ bases only support one DECT data connection at a time, this prevents
+ other DECT cordless data devices from accessing the base.
+
+ During active operation, the driver switches to the necessary mode
+ automatically. However, for the reasons above, the mode chosen when
+ the device is not in use (idle) can be selected by the user.
+ - If you want to receive incoming calls, you can use the default
+ settings (CID mode).
+ - If you have several DECT data devices (M10x) which you want to use
+ in turn, select Unimodem mode by passing the parameter "cidmode=0" to
+ the driver ("modprobe usb_gigaset cidmode=0" or modprobe.conf).
+
+ If you want both of these at once, you are out of luck.
+
+ You can also use /sys/module/<name>/parameters/cidmode for changing
+ the CID mode setting (<name> is usb_gigaset or bas_gigaset).
+
+
+3. Troubleshooting
+ ---------------
+3.1. Solutions to frequently reported problems
+ -----------------------------------------
+ Problem:
+ You have a slow provider and isdn4linux gives up dialing too early.
+ Solution:
+ Load the isdn module using the dialtimeout option. You can do this e.g.
+ by adding a line like
+
+ options isdn dialtimeout=15
+
+ to /etc/modprobe.conf. If your distribution has some local module
+ configuration file like /etc/modprobe.conf.local,
+ using that should be preferred.
+
+ Problem:
+ Your isdn script aborts with a message about isdnlog.
+ Solution:
+ Try deactivating (or commenting out) isdnlog. This driver does not
+ support it.
+
+ Problem:
+ You have two or more DECT data adapters (M101/M105) and only the
+ first one you turn on works.
+ Solution:
+ Select Unimodem mode for all DECT data adapters. (see section 2.4.)
+
+3.2. Telling the driver to provide more information
+ ----------------------------------------------
+ Building the driver with the "Gigaset debugging" kernel configuration
+ option (CONFIG_GIGASET_DEBUG) gives it the ability to produce additional
+ information useful for debugging.
+
+ You can control the amount of debugging information the driver produces by
+ writing an appropriate value to /sys/module/gigaset/parameters/debug, e.g.
+ echo 0 > /sys/module/gigaset/parameters/debug
+ switches off debugging output completely,
+ echo 0x10a020 > /sys/module/gigaset/parameters/debug
+ enables the standard set of debugging output messages. These values are
+ bit patterns where every bit controls a certain type of debugging output.
+ See the constants DEBUG_* in the source file gigaset.h for details.
+
+ The initial value can be set using the debug parameter when loading the
+ module "gigaset", e.g. by adding a line
+ options gigaset debug=0
+ to /etc/modprobe.conf, ...
+
+ Generated debugging information can be found
+ - as output of the command
+ dmesg
+ - in system log files written by your syslog daemon, usually
+ in /var/log/, e.g. /var/log/messages.
+
+3.3. Reporting problems and bugs
+ ---------------------------
+ If you can't solve problems with the driver on your own, feel free to
+ use one of the forums, bug trackers, or mailing lists on
+ http://sourceforge.net/projects/gigaset307x
+ or write an electronic mail to the maintainers.
+
+ Try to provide as much information as possible, such as
+ - distribution
+ - kernel version (uname -r)
+ - gcc version (gcc --version)
+ - hardware architecture (uname -m, ...)
+ - type and firmware version of your device (base and wireless module,
+ if any)
+ - output of "lsusb -v" (if using an USB device)
+ - error messages
+ - relevant system log messages (it would help if you activate debug
+ output as described in 3.2.)
+
+ For help with general configuration problems not specific to our driver,
+ such as isdn4linux and network configuration issues, please refer to the
+ appropriate forums and newsgroups.
+
+3.4. Reporting problem solutions
+ ---------------------------
+ If you solved a problem with our drivers, wrote startup scripts for your
+ distribution, ... feel free to contact us (using one of the places
+ mentioned in 3.3.). We'd like to add scripts, hints, documentation
+ to the driver and/or the project web page.
+
+
+4. Links, other software
+ ---------------------
+ - Sourceforge project developing this driver and associated tools
+ http://sourceforge.net/projects/gigaset307x
+ - Yahoo! Group on the Siemens Gigaset family of devices
+ http://de.groups.yahoo.com/group/Siemens-Gigaset
+ - Siemens Gigaset/T-Sinus compatibility table
+ http://www.erbze.info/sinus_gigaset.htm
+
+
+5. Credits
+ -------
+ Thanks to
+
+ Karsten Keil
+ for his help with isdn4linux
+ Deti Fliegl
+ for his base driver code
+ Dennis Dietrich
+ for his kernel 2.6 patches
+ Andreas Rummel
+ for his work and logs to get unimodem mode working
+ Andreas Degert
+ for his logs and patches to get cx 100 working
+ Dietrich Feist
+ for his generous donation of one M105 and two M101 cordless adapters
+ Christoph Schweers
+ for his generous donation of a M34 device
+
+ and all the other people who sent logs and other information.
+