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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/isdn
downloadlinux-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/isdn')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/00-INDEX43
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/CREDITS70
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/HiSax.cert96
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE759
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE.fax163
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README599
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.FAQ26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.HiSax659
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.act2000104
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.audio138
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.avmb1187
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.concap259
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.diversion127
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.fax45
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.hfc-pci41
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.hysdn195
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.icn148
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.pcbit40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.sc281
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.syncppp58
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/README.x25184
-rw-r--r--Documentation/isdn/syncPPP.FAQ224
22 files changed, 4446 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/00-INDEX b/Documentation/isdn/00-INDEX
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9fee5f2e5c6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/00-INDEX
@@ -0,0 +1,43 @@
+00-INDEX
+ - this file (info on ISDN implementation for Linux)
+CREDITS
+ - list of the kind folks that brought you this stuff.
+INTERFACE
+ - description of Linklevel and Hardwarelevel ISDN interface.
+README
+ - general info on what you need and what to do for Linux ISDN.
+README.FAQ
+ - general info for FAQ.
+README.audio
+ - info for running audio over ISDN.
+README.fax
+ - info for using Fax over ISDN.
+README.icn
+ - info on the ICN-ISDN-card and its driver.
+README.HiSax
+ - info on the HiSax driver which replaces the old teles.
+README.hfc-pci
+ - info on hfc-pci based cards.
+README.pcbit
+ - info on the PCBIT-D ISDN adapter and driver.
+README.syncppp
+ - info on running Sync PPP over ISDN.
+syncPPP.FAQ
+ - frequently asked questions about running PPP over ISDN.
+README.avmb1
+ - info on driver for AVM-B1 ISDN card.
+README.act2000
+ - info on driver for IBM ACT-2000 card.
+README.eicon
+ - info on driver for Eicon active cards.
+README.concap
+ - info on "CONCAP" encapsulation protocol interface used for X.25.
+README.diversion
+ - info on module for isdn diversion services.
+README.sc
+ - info on driver for Spellcaster cards.
+README.x25
+ _ info for running X.25 over ISDN.
+README.hysdn
+ - info on driver for Hypercope active HYSDN cards
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/CREDITS b/Documentation/isdn/CREDITS
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e1b3023efaa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/CREDITS
@@ -0,0 +1,70 @@
+
+I want to thank all who contributed to this project and especially to:
+(in alphabetical order)
+
+Thomas Bogendörfer (tsbogend@bigbug.franken.de)
+ Tester, lots of bugfixes and hints.
+
+Alan Cox (alan@redhat.com)
+ For help getting into standard-kernel.
+
+Henner Eisen (eis@baty.hanse.de)
+ For X.25 implementation.
+
+Volker Götz (volker@oops.franken.de)
+ For contribution of man-pages, the imontty-tool and a perfect
+ maintaining of the mailing-list at hub-wue.
+
+Matthias Hessler (hessler@isdn4linux.de)
+ For creating and maintaining the FAQ.
+
+Bernhard Hailer (Bernhard.Hailer@lrz.uni-muenchen.de)
+ For creating the FAQ, and the leafsite HOWTO.
+
+Michael 'Ghandi' Herold (michael@abadonna.franken.de)
+ For contribution of the vbox answering machine.
+
+Michael Hipp (Michael.Hipp@student.uni-tuebingen.de)
+ For his Sync-PPP-code.
+
+Karsten Keil (keil@isdn4linux.de)
+ For adding 1TR6-support to the Teles-driver.
+ For the HiSax-driver.
+
+Michael Knigge (knick@cove.han.de)
+ For contributing the imon-tool
+
+Andreas Kool (akool@Kool.f.EUnet.de)
+ For contribution of the isdnlog/isdnrep-tool
+
+Pedro Roque Marques (roque@di.fc.ul.pt)
+ For lot of new ideas and the pcbit driver.
+
+Eberhard Moenkeberg (emoenke@gwdg.de)
+ For testing and help to get into kernel.
+
+Thomas Neumann (tn@ruhr.de)
+ For help with Cisco-SLARP and keepalive
+
+Jan den Ouden (denouden@groovin.xs4all.nl)
+ For contribution of the original teles-driver
+
+Carsten Paeth (calle@calle.in-berlin.de)
+ For the AVM-B1-CAPI2.0 driver
+
+Thomas Pfeiffer (pfeiffer@pds.de)
+ For V.110, extended T.70 and Hylafax extensions in isdn_tty.c
+
+Max Riegel (riegel@max.franken.de)
+ For making the ICN hardware-documentation and test-equipment available.
+
+Armin Schindler (mac@melware.de)
+ For the eicon active card driver.
+
+Gerhard 'Fido' Schneider (fido@wuff.mayn.de)
+ For heavy-duty-beta-testing with his BBS ;)
+
+Thomas Uhl (uhl@think.de)
+ For distributing the cards.
+ For pushing me to work ;-)
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/HiSax.cert b/Documentation/isdn/HiSax.cert
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..f2a6fcb8efe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/HiSax.cert
@@ -0,0 +1,96 @@
+-----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE-----
+
+First:
+
+ HiSax is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ (at your option) any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+However, if you wish to modify the HiSax sources, please note the following:
+
+HiSax has passed the ITU approval test suite with ELSA Quickstep ISDN cards
+and Eicon Technology Diva 2.01 PCI card.
+The certification is only valid for the combination of the tested software
+version and the tested hardware. Any changes to the HiSax source code may
+therefore affect the certification.
+
+Additional ITU approval tests have been carried out for all generic cards
+using Colognechip single chip solutions HFC-S PCI A for PCI cards as well
+as HFC-S USB based USB ISDN ta adapters.
+These tests included all layers 1-3 and as well all functional tests for
+the layer 1. Because all hardware based on these chips are complete ISDN
+solutions in one chip all cards and USB-TAs using these chips are to be
+regarded as approved for those tests. Some additional electrical tests
+of the layer 1 which are independent of the driver and related to a
+special hardware used will be regarded as approved if at least one
+solution has been tested including those electrical tests. So if cards
+or tas have been completely approved for any other os, the approval
+for those electrical tests is valid for linux, too.
+Please send any questions regarding this drivers or approval abouts to
+werner@isdn-development.de
+Additional information and the type approval documents will be found
+shortly on the Colognechip website www.colognechip.com
+
+If you change the main files of the HiSax ISDN stack, the certification will
+become invalid. Because in most countries it is illegal to connect
+unapproved ISDN equipment to the public network, I have to guarantee that
+changes in HiSax do not affect the certification.
+
+In order to make a valid certification apparent to the user, I have built in
+some validation checks that are made during the make process. The HiSax main
+files are protected by md5 checksums and the md5sum file is pgp signed by
+myself:
+
+KeyID 1024/FF992F6D 1997/01/16 Karsten Keil <kkeil@suse.de>
+Key fingerprint = 92 6B F7 58 EE 86 28 C8 C4 1A E6 DC 39 89 F2 AA
+
+Only if the checksums are OK, and the signature of the file
+"drivers/isdn/hisax/md5sums.asc" match, is the certification valid; a
+message confirming this is then displayed during the hisax init process.
+
+The affected files are:
+
+drivers/isdn/hisax/isac.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/isdnl1.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/isdnl2.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/isdnl3.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/tei.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/callc.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/l3dss1.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/l3_1tr6.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/cert.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/elsa.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/diva.c
+drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c
+
+Please send any changes, bugfixes and patches to me rather than implementing
+them directly into the HiSax sources.
+
+This does not reduce your rights granted by the GNU General Public License.
+If you wish to change the sources, go ahead; but note that then the
+certification is invalid even if you use one of the approved cards.
+
+Here are the certification registration numbers for ELSA Quickstep cards:
+German D133361J CETECOM ICT Services GmbH 0682
+European D133362J CETECOM ICT Services GmbH 0682
+
+
+Karsten Keil
+keil@isdn4linux.de
+
+-----BEGIN PGP SIGNATURE-----
+Version: 2.6.3i
+Charset: noconv
+
+iQCVAwUBOFAwqTpxHvX/mS9tAQFI2QP9GLDK2iy/KBhwReE3F7LeO+tVhffTVZ3a
+20q5/z/WcIg/pnH0uTkl2UgDXBFXYl45zJyDGNpAposIFmT+Edd14o7Vj1w/BBdn
+Y+5rBmJf+gyBu61da5d6bv0lpymwRa/um+ri+ilYnZ/XPfg5JKhdjGSBCJuJAElM
+d2jFbTrsMYw=
+=LNf9
+-----END PGP SIGNATURE-----
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE b/Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..5df17e5b25c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE
@@ -0,0 +1,759 @@
+$Id: INTERFACE,v 1.15.8.2 2001/03/13 16:17:07 kai Exp $
+
+Description of the Interface between Linklevel and Hardwarelevel
+ of isdn4linux:
+
+
+ The Communication between Linklevel (LL) and Hardwarelevel (HL)
+ is based on the struct isdn_if (defined in isdnif.h).
+
+ An HL-driver can register itself at LL by calling the function
+ register_isdn() with a pointer to that struct. Prior to that, it has
+ to preset some of the fields of isdn_if. The LL sets the rest of
+ the fields. All further communication is done via callbacks using
+ the function-pointers defined in isdn_if.
+
+ Changes/Version numbering:
+
+ During development of the ISDN subsystem, several changes have been
+ made to the interface. Before it went into kernel, the package
+ had a unique version number. The last version, distributed separately
+ was 0.7.4. When the subsystem went into kernel, every functional unit
+ got a separate version number. These numbers are shown at initialization,
+ separated by slashes:
+
+ c.c/t.t/n.n/p.p/a.a/v.v
+
+ where
+
+ c.c is the revision of the common code.
+ t.t is the revision of the tty related code.
+ n.n is the revision of the network related code.
+ p.p is the revision of the ppp related code.
+ a.a is the revision of the audio related code.
+ v.v is the revision of the V.110 related code.
+
+ Changes in this document are marked with '***CHANGEx' where x representing
+ the version number. If that number starts with 0, it refers to the old,
+ separately distributed package. If it starts with one of the letters
+ above, it refers to the revision of the corresponding module.
+ ***CHANGEIx refers to the revision number of the isdnif.h
+
+1. Description of the fields of isdn_if:
+
+ int channels;
+
+ This field has to be set by the HL-driver to the number of channels
+ supported prior to calling register_isdn(). Upon return of the call,
+ the LL puts an id there, which has to be used by the HL-driver when
+ invoking the other callbacks.
+
+ int maxbufsize;
+
+ ***CHANGE0.6: New since this version.
+
+ Also to be preset by the HL-driver. With this value the HL-driver
+ tells the LL the maximum size of a data-packet it will accept.
+
+ unsigned long features;
+
+ To be preset by the HL-driver. Using this field, the HL-driver
+ announces the features supported. At the moment this is limited to
+ report the supported layer2 and layer3-protocols. For setting this
+ field the constants ISDN_FEATURE..., declared in isdnif.h have to be
+ used.
+
+ ***CHANGE0.7.1: The line type (1TR6, EDSS1) has to be set.
+
+ unsigned short hl_hdrlen;
+
+ ***CHANGE0.7.4: New field.
+
+ To be preset by the HL-driver, if it supports sk_buff's. The driver
+ should put here the amount of additional space needed in sk_buff's for
+ its internal purposes. Drivers not supporting sk_buff's should
+ initialize this field to 0.
+
+ void (*rcvcallb_skb)(int, int, struct sk_buff *)
+
+ ***CHANGE0.7.4: New field.
+
+ This field will be set by LL. The HL-driver delivers received data-
+ packets by calling this function. Upon calling, the HL-driver must
+ already have its private data pulled off the head of the sk_buff.
+
+ Parameter:
+ int driver-Id
+ int Channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ struct sk_buff * Pointer to sk_buff, containing received data.
+
+ int (*statcallb)(isdn_ctrl*);
+
+ This field will be set by LL. This function has to be called by the
+ HL-driver for signaling status-changes or other events to the LL.
+
+ Parameter:
+ isdn_ctrl*
+
+ The struct isdn_ctrl also defined in isdn_if. The exact meanings of its
+ fields are described together with the descriptions of the possible
+ events. Here is only a short description of the fields:
+
+ driver = driver Id.
+ command = event-type. (one of the constants ISDN_STAT_...)
+ arg = depends on event-type.
+ num = depends on event-type.
+
+ Returnvalue:
+ 0 on success, else -1
+
+ int (*command)(isdn_ctrl*);
+
+ This field has to be preset by the HL-driver. It points to a function,
+ to be called by LL to perform functions like dialing, B-channel
+ setup, etc. The exact meaning of the parameters is described with the
+ descriptions of the possible commands.
+
+ Parameter:
+ isdn_ctrl*
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = command to perform. (one of the constants ISDN_CMD_...)
+ arg = depends on command.
+ num = depends on command.
+
+ Returnvalue:
+ >=0 on success, else error-code (-ENODEV etc.)
+
+ int (*writebuf_skb)(int, int, int, struct sk_buff *)
+
+ ***CHANGE0.7.4: New field.
+ ***CHANGEI.1.21: New field.
+
+ This field has to be preset by the HL-driver. The given function will
+ be called by the LL for delivering data to be send via B-Channel.
+
+
+ Parameter:
+ int driver-Id ***CHANGE0.7.4: New parameter.
+ int channel-number locally to the HL-driver. (starts with 0)
+ int ack ***ChangeI1.21: New parameter
+ If this is !0, the driver has to signal the delivery
+ by sending an ISDN_STAT_BSENT. If this is 0, the driver
+ MUST NOT send an ISDN_STAT_BSENT.
+ struct sk_buff * Pointer to sk_buff containing data to be send via
+ B-channel.
+
+ Returnvalue:
+ Length of data accepted on success, else error-code (-EINVAL on
+ oversized packets etc.)
+
+ int (*writecmd)(u_char*, int, int, int, int);
+
+ This field has to be preset by the HL-driver. The given function will be
+ called to perform write-requests on /dev/isdnctrl (i.e. sending commands
+ to the card) The data-format is hardware-specific. This function is
+ intended for debugging only. It is not necessary for normal operation
+ and never will be called by the tty-emulation- or network-code. If
+ this function is not supported, the driver has to set NULL here.
+
+ Parameter:
+ u_char* pointer to data.
+ int length of data.
+ int flag: 0 = call from within kernel-space. (HL-driver must use
+ memcpy, may NOT use schedule())
+ 1 = call from user-space. (HL-driver must use
+ memcpy_fromfs, use of schedule() allowed)
+ int driver-Id.
+ int channel-number locally to the HL-driver. (starts with 0)
+
+***CHANGEI1.14: The driver-Id and channel-number are new since this revision.
+
+ Returnvalue:
+ Length of data accepted on success, else error-code (-EINVAL etc.)
+
+ int (*readstat)(u_char*, int, int, int, int);
+
+ This field has to be preset by the HL-driver. The given function will be
+ called to perform read-requests on /dev/isdnctrl (i.e. reading replies
+ from the card) The data-format is hardware-specific. This function is
+ intended for debugging only. It is not necessary for normal operation
+ and never will be called by the tty-emulation- or network-code. If
+ this function is not supported, the driver has to set NULL here.
+
+ Parameter:
+ u_char* pointer to data.
+ int length of data.
+ int flag: 0 = call from within kernel-space. (HL-driver must use
+ memcpy, may NOT use schedule())
+ 1 = call from user-space. (HL-driver must use
+ memcpy_fromfs, use of schedule() allowed)
+ int driver-Id.
+ int channel-number locally to the HL-driver. (starts with 0)
+
+***CHANGEI1.14: The driver-Id and channel-number are new since this revision.
+
+ Returnvalue:
+ Length of data on success, else error-code (-EINVAL etc.)
+
+ char id[20];
+ ***CHANGE0.7: New since this version.
+
+ This string has to be preset by the HL-driver. Its purpose is for
+ identification of the driver by the user. Eg.: it is shown in the
+ status-info of /dev/isdninfo. Furthermore it is used as Id for binding
+ net-interfaces to a specific channel. If a string of length zero is
+ given, upon return, isdn4linux will replace it by a generic name. (line0,
+ line1 etc.) It is recommended to make this string configurable during
+ module-load-time. (copy a global variable to this string.) For doing that,
+ modules 1.2.8 or newer are necessary.
+
+2. Description of the commands, a HL-driver has to support:
+
+ All commands will be performed by calling the function command() described
+ above from within the LL. The field command of the struct-parameter will
+ contain the desired command, the field driver is always set to the
+ appropriate driver-Id.
+
+ Until now, the following commands are defined:
+
+***CHANGEI1.34: The parameter "num" has been replaced by a union "parm" containing
+ the old "num" and a new setup_type struct used for ISDN_CMD_DIAL
+ and ISDN_STAT_ICALL callback.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_IOCTL:
+
+ This command is intended for performing ioctl-calls for configuring
+ hardware or similar purposes (setting port-addresses, loading firmware
+ etc.) For this purpose, in the LL all ioctl-calls with an argument
+ >= IIOCDRVCTL (0x100) will be handed transparently to this
+ function after subtracting 0x100 and placing the result in arg.
+ Example:
+ If a userlevel-program calls ioctl(0x101,...) the function gets
+ called with the field command set to 1.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_IOCTL
+ arg = Original ioctl-cmd - IIOCDRVCTL
+ parm.num = first bytes filled with (unsigned long)arg
+
+ Returnvalue:
+ Depending on driver.
+
+
+ ISDN_CMD_DIAL:
+
+ This command is used to tell the HL-driver it should dial a given
+ number.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_DIAL
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+
+ parm.setup.phone = An ASCII-String containing the number to dial.
+ parm.setup.eazmsn = An ASCII-Sting containing the own EAZ or MSN.
+ parm.setup.si1 = The Service-Indicator.
+ parm.setup.si2 = Additional Service-Indicator.
+
+ If the Line has been designed as SPV (a special german
+ feature, meaning semi-leased-line) the phone has to
+ start with an "S".
+ ***CHANGE0.6: In previous versions the EAZ has been given in the
+ highbyte of arg.
+ ***CHANGE0.7.1: New since this version: ServiceIndicator and AddInfo.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTD:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to accept a D-Channel-setup.
+ (Response to an incoming call)
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTD
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTB:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to perform a B-Channel-setup.
+ (after establishing D-Channel-Connection)
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTB
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_HANGUP:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to hangup (B-Channel if
+ established first, then D-Channel). This command is also used for
+ actively rejecting an incoming call.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_HANGUP
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_CLREAZ:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told not to signal incoming
+ calls to the LL.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_CLREAZ
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_SETEAZ:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to signal incoming calls for
+ the given EAZs/MSNs to the LL.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_SETEAZ
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII-String, containing the desired EAZ's/MSN's
+ (comma-separated). If an empty String is given, the
+ HL-driver should respond to ALL incoming calls,
+ regardless of the destination-address.
+ ***CHANGE0.6: New since this version the "empty-string"-feature.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_GETEAZ: (currently unused)
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to report the current setting
+ given with ISDN_CMD_SETEAZ.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_GETEAZ
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII-String, containing the current EAZ's/MSN's
+
+ ISDN_CMD_SETSIL: (currently unused)
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to signal only incoming
+ calls with the given Service-Indicators.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_SETSIL
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII-String, containing the desired Service-Indicators.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_GETSIL: (currently unused)
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to return the current
+ Service-Indicators it will respond to.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_SETSIL
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII-String, containing the current Service-Indicators.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_SETL2:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to select the given Layer-2-
+ protocol. This command is issued by the LL prior to ISDN_CMD_DIAL or
+ ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTD.
+
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_SETL2
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ logical or'ed with (protocol-Id << 8)
+ protocol-Id is one of the constants ISDN_PROTO_L2...
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_CMD_GETL2: (currently unused)
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to return the current
+ setting of the Layer-2-protocol.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_GETL2
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+ Returnvalue:
+ current protocol-Id (one of the constants ISDN_L2_PROTO)
+
+ ISDN_CMD_SETL3:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to select the given Layer-3-
+ protocol. This command is issued by the LL prior to ISDN_CMD_DIAL or
+ ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTD.
+
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_SETL3
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ logical or'ed with (protocol-Id << 8)
+ protocol-Id is one of the constants ISDN_PROTO_L3...
+ parm.fax = Pointer to T30_s fax struct. (fax usage only)
+
+ ISDN_CMD_GETL2: (currently unused)
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to return the current
+ setting of the Layer-3-protocol.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_GETL3
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+ Returnvalue:
+ current protocol-Id (one of the constants ISDN_L3_PROTO)
+
+ ISDN_CMD_PROCEED:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to proceed with a incoming call.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_PROCEED
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ setup.eazmsn= empty string or string send as uus1 in DSS1 with
+ PROCEED message
+
+ ISDN_CMD_ALERT:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to alert a proceeding call.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_ALERT
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ setup.eazmsn= empty string or string send as uus1 in DSS1 with
+ ALERT message
+
+ ISDN_CMD_REDIR:
+
+ With this command, the HL-driver is told to redirect a call in proceeding
+ or alerting state.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_REDIR
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ setup.eazmsn= empty string or string send as uus1 in DSS1 protocol
+ setup.screen= screening indicator
+ setup.phone = redirected to party number
+
+ ISDN_CMD_PROT_IO:
+
+ With this call, the LL-driver invokes protocol specific features through
+ the LL.
+ The call is not implicitely bound to a connection.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_CMD_PROT_IO
+ arg = The lower 8 Bits define the addressed protocol as defined
+ in ISDN_PTYPE..., the upper bits are used to differentiate
+ the protocol specific CMD.
+
+ para = protocol and function specific. See isdnif.h for detail.
+
+
+ ISDN_CMD_FAXCMD:
+
+ With this command the HL-driver receives a fax sub-command.
+ For details refer to INTERFACE.fax
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_CMD_FAXCMD
+ arg = channel-number locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+
+3. Description of the events to be signaled by the HL-driver to the LL.
+
+ All status-changes are signaled via calling the previously described
+ function statcallb(). The field command of the struct isdn_cmd has
+ to be set by the HL-driver with the appropriate Status-Id (event-number).
+ The field arg has to be set to the channel-number (locally to the driver,
+ starting with 0) to which this event applies. (Exception: STAVAIL-event)
+
+ Until now, the following Status-Ids are defined:
+
+ ISDN_STAT_AVAIL:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals the availability of new data
+ for readstat(). Used only for debugging-purposes, see description
+ of readstat().
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_STAVAIL
+ arg = length of available data.
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_ICALL:
+ ISDN_STAT_ICALLW:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals an incoming call to the LL.
+ If ICALLW is signalled the incoming call is a waiting call without
+ a available B-chan.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_ICALL
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ para.setup.phone = Callernumber.
+ para.setup.eazmsn = CalledNumber.
+ para.setup.si1 = Service Indicator.
+ para.setup.si2 = Additional Service Indicator.
+ para.setup.plan = octet 3 from Calling party number Information Element.
+ para.setup.screen = octet 3a from Calling party number Information Element.
+
+ Return:
+ 0 = No device matching this call.
+ 1 = At least one device matching this call (RING on ttyI).
+ HL-driver may send ALERTING on the D-channel in this case.
+ 2 = Call will be rejected.
+ 3 = Incoming called party number is currently incomplete.
+ Additional digits are required.
+ Used for signalling with PtP connections.
+ 4 = Call will be held in a proceeding state
+ (HL driver sends PROCEEDING)
+ Used when a user space prog needs time to interpret a call
+ para.setup.eazmsn may be filled with an uus1 message of
+ 30 octets maximum. Empty string if no uus.
+ 5 = Call will be actively deflected to another party
+ Only available in DSS1/EURO protocol
+ para.setup.phone must be set to destination party number
+ para.setup.eazmsn may be filled with an uus1 message of
+ 30 octets maximum. Empty string if no uus.
+ -1 = An error happened. (Invalid parameters for example.)
+ The keypad support now is included in the dial command.
+
+
+ ISDN_STAT_RUN:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals availability of the ISDN-card.
+ (after initializing, loading firmware)
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_RUN
+ arg = unused.
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_STOP:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals unavailability of the ISDN-card.
+ (before unloading, while resetting/reconfiguring the card)
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_STOP
+ arg = unused.
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_DCONN:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals the successful establishment of
+ a D-Channel-connection. (Response to ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTD or ISDN_CMD_DIAL)
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_DCONN
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_BCONN:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals the successful establishment of
+ a B-Channel-connection. (Response to ISDN_CMD_ACCEPTB or because the
+ remote-station has initiated establishment)
+
+ The HL driver should call this when the logical l2/l3 protocol
+ connection on top of the physical B-channel is established.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_BCONN
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII-String, containing type of connection (for analog
+ modem only). This will be appended to the CONNECT message
+ e.g. 14400/V.32bis
+
+ ISDN_STAT_DHUP:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals the shutdown of a
+ D-Channel-connection. This could be a response to a prior ISDN_CMD_HANGUP,
+ or caused by a remote-hangup or if the remote-station has actively
+ rejected a call.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_DHUP
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_BHUP:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals the shutdown of a
+ B-Channel-connection. This could be a response to a prior ISDN_CMD_HANGUP,
+ or caused by a remote-hangup.
+
+ The HL driver should call this as soon as the logical l2/l3 protocol
+ connection on top of the physical B-channel is released.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_BHUP
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_CINF:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver delivers charge-unit information to the
+ LL.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_CINF
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII string containing charge-units (digits only).
+
+ ISDN_STAT_LOAD: (currently unused)
+
+ ISDN_STAT_UNLOAD:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals that it will be unloaded now. This
+ tells the LL to release all corresponding data-structures.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_UNLOAD
+ arg = unused.
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_BSENT:
+
+ With this call the HL-driver signals the delivery of a data-packet.
+ This callback is used by the network-interfaces only, tty-Emulation
+ does not need this call.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_BSENT
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.length = ***CHANGEI.1.21: New field.
+ the driver has to set this to the original length
+ of the skb at the time of receiving it from the linklevel.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_NODCH:
+
+ With this call, the driver has to respond to a prior ISDN_CMD_DIAL, if
+ no D-Channel is available.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_NODCH
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_ADDCH:
+
+ This call is for HL-drivers, which are unable to check card-type
+ or numbers of supported channels before they have loaded any firmware
+ using ioctl. Those HL-driver simply set the channel-parameter to a
+ minimum channel-number when registering, and later if they know
+ the real amount, perform this call, allocating additional channels.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_ADDCH
+ arg = number of channels to be added.
+ parm = unused.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_CAUSE:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver delivers CAUSE-messages to the LL.
+ Currently the LL does not use this messages. Their contents is simply
+ logged via kernel-messages. Therefore, currently the format of the
+ messages is completely free. However they should be printable.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_NODCH
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num = ASCII string containing CAUSE-message.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_DISPLAY:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver delivers DISPLAY-messages to the LL.
+ Currently the LL does not use this messages.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_DISPLAY
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ para.display= string containing DISPLAY-message.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_PROT:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver delivers protocol specific infos to the LL.
+ The call is not implicitely bound to a connection.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_PROT
+ arg = The lower 8 Bits define the addressed protocol as defined
+ in ISDN_PTYPE..., the upper bits are used to differentiate
+ the protocol specific STAT.
+
+ para = protocol and function specific. See isdnif.h for detail.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_DISCH:
+
+ With this call, the HL-driver signals the LL to disable or enable the
+ use of supplied channel and driver.
+ The call may be used to reduce the available number of B-channels after
+ loading the driver. The LL has to ignore a disabled channel when searching
+ for free channels. The HL driver itself never delivers STAT callbacks for
+ disabled channels.
+ The LL returns a nonzero code if the operation was not successful or the
+ selected channel is actually regarded as busy.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_DISCH
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.num[0] = 0 if channel shall be disabled, else enabled.
+
+ ISDN_STAT_L1ERR:
+
+ ***CHANGEI1.21 new status message.
+ A signal can be sent to the linklevel if an Layer1-error results in
+ packet-loss on receive or send. The field errcode of the cmd.parm
+ union describes the error more precisely.
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id
+ command = ISDN_STAT_L1ERR
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm.errcode= ISDN_STAT_L1ERR_SEND: Packet lost while sending.
+ ISDN_STAT_L1ERR_RECV: Packet lost while receiving.
+ ISDN_STAT_FAXIND:
+
+ With this call the HL-driver signals a fax sub-command to the LL.
+ For details refer to INTERFACE.fax
+
+ Parameter:
+ driver = driver-Id.
+ command = ISDN_STAT_FAXIND
+ arg = channel-number, locally to the driver. (starting with 0)
+ parm = unused.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE.fax b/Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE.fax
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..7e5731319e3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/INTERFACE.fax
@@ -0,0 +1,163 @@
+$Id: INTERFACE.fax,v 1.2 2000/08/06 09:22:50 armin Exp $
+
+
+Description of the fax-subinterface between linklevel and hardwarelevel of
+ isdn4linux.
+
+ The communication between linklevel (LL) and hardwarelevel (HL) for fax
+ is based on the struct T30_s (defined in isdnif.h).
+ This struct is allocated in the LL.
+ In order to use fax, the LL provides the pointer to this struct with the
+ command ISDN_CMD_SETL3 (parm.fax). This pointer expires in case of hangup
+ and when a new channel to a new connection is assigned.
+
+
+Data handling:
+ In send-mode the HL-driver has to handle the <DLE> codes and the bit-order
+ conversion by itself.
+ In receive-mode the LL-driver takes care of the bit-order conversion
+ (specified by +FBOR)
+
+Structure T30_s description:
+
+ This structure stores the values (set by AT-commands), the remote-
+ capability-values and the command-codes between LL and HL.
+
+ If the HL-driver receives ISDN_CMD_FAXCMD, all needed information
+ is in this struct set by the LL.
+ To signal information to the LL, the HL-driver has to set the
+ the parameters and use ISDN_STAT_FAXIND.
+ (Please refer to INTERFACE)
+
+Structure T30_s:
+
+ All members are 8-bit unsigned (__u8)
+
+ - resolution
+ - rate
+ - width
+ - length
+ - compression
+ - ecm
+ - binary
+ - scantime
+ - id[]
+ Local faxmachine's parameters, set by +FDIS, +FDCS, +FLID, ...
+
+ - r_resolution
+ - r_rate
+ - r_width
+ - r_length
+ - r_compression
+ - r_ecm
+ - r_binary
+ - r_scantime
+ - r_id[]
+ Remote faxmachine's parameters. To be set by HL-driver.
+
+ - phase
+ Defines the actual state of fax connection. Set by HL or LL
+ depending on progress and type of connection.
+ If the phase changes because of an AT command, the LL driver
+ changes this value. Otherwise the HL-driver takes care of it, but
+ only necessary on call establishment (from IDLE to PHASE_A).
+ (one of the constants ISDN_FAX_PHASE_[IDLE,A,B,C,D,E])
+
+ - direction
+ Defines outgoing/send or incoming/receive connection.
+ (ISDN_TTY_FAX_CONN_[IN,OUT])
+
+ - code
+ Commands from LL to HL; possible constants :
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_DR signals +FDR command to HL
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_DT signals +FDT command to HL
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_ET signals +FET command to HL
+
+
+ Other than that the "code" is set with the hangup-code value at
+ the end of connection for the +FHNG message.
+
+ - r_code
+ Commands from HL to LL; possible constants :
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_CFR output of +FCFR message.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_RID output of remote ID set in r_id[]
+ (+FCSI/+FTSI on send/receive)
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_DCS output of +FDCS and CONNECT message,
+ switching to phase C.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_ET signals end of data,
+ switching to phase D.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_FCON signals the established, outgoing connection,
+ switching to phase B.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_FCON_I signals the established, incoming connection,
+ switching to phase B.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_DIS output of +FDIS message and values.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_SENT signals that all data has been sent
+ and <DLE><ETX> is acknowledged,
+ OK message will be sent.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_PTS signals a msg-confirmation (page sent successful),
+ depending on fet value:
+ 0: output OK message (more pages follow)
+ 1: switching to phase B (next document)
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_TRAIN_OK output of +FDCS and OK message (for receive mode).
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_EOP signals end of data in receive mode,
+ switching to phase D.
+
+ ISDN_TTY_FAX_HNG output of the +FHNG and value set by code and
+ OK message, switching to phase E.
+
+
+ - badlin
+ Value of +FBADLIN
+
+ - badmul
+ Value of +FBADMUL
+
+ - bor
+ Value of +FBOR
+
+ - fet
+ Value of +FET command in send-mode.
+ Set by HL in receive-mode for +FET message.
+
+ - pollid[]
+ ID-string, set by +FCIG
+
+ - cq
+ Value of +FCQ
+
+ - cr
+ Value of +FCR
+
+ - ctcrty
+ Value of +FCTCRTY
+
+ - minsp
+ Value of +FMINSP
+
+ - phcto
+ Value of +FPHCTO
+
+ - rel
+ Value of +FREL
+
+ - nbc
+ Value of +FNBC (0,1)
+ (+FNBC is not a known class 2 fax command, I added this to change the
+ automatic "best capabilities" connection in the eicon HL-driver)
+
+
+Armin
+mac@melware.de
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README b/Documentation/isdn/README
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..76159524393
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README
@@ -0,0 +1,599 @@
+README for the ISDN-subsystem
+
+1. Preface
+
+ 1.1 Introduction
+
+ This README describes how to set up and how to use the different parts
+ of the ISDN-subsystem.
+
+ For using the ISDN-subsystem, some additional userlevel programs are
+ necessary. Those programs and some contributed utilities are available
+ at
+
+ ftp.isdn4linux.de
+
+ /pub/isdn4linux/isdn4k-utils-<VersionNumber>.tar.gz
+
+
+ We also have set up a mailing-list:
+
+ The isdn4linux-project originates in Germany, and therefore by historical
+ reasons, the mailing-list's primary language is german. However mails
+ written in english have been welcome all the time.
+
+ to subscribe: write a email to majordomo@listserv.isdn4linux.de,
+ Subject irrelevant, in the message body:
+ subscribe isdn4linux <your_email_address>
+
+ To write to the mailing-list, write to isdn4linux@listserv.isdn4linux.de
+
+ This mailinglist is bidirectionally gated to the newsgroup
+
+ de.alt.comm.isdn4linux
+
+ There is also a well maintained FAQ in English available at
+ http://www.mhessler.de/i4lfaq/
+ It can be viewed online, or downloaded in sgml/text/html format.
+ The FAQ can also be viewed online at
+ http://www.isdn4inux.de/faq/
+ or downloaded from
+ ftp://ftp.isdn4linux.de/pub/isdn4linux/FAQ/
+
+ 1.1 Technical details
+
+ In the following Text, the terms MSN and EAZ are used.
+
+ MSN is the abbreviation for (M)ultiple(S)ubscriber(N)umber, and applies
+ to Euro(EDSS1)-type lines. Usually it is simply the phone number.
+
+ EAZ is the abbreviation of (E)ndgeraete(A)uswahl(Z)iffer and
+ applies to German 1TR6-type lines. This is a one-digit string,
+ simply appended to the base phone number
+
+ The internal handling is nearly identical, so replace the appropriate
+ term to that one, which applies to your local ISDN-environment.
+
+ When the link-level-module isdn.o is loaded, it supports up to 16
+ low-level-modules with up to 64 channels. (The number 64 is arbitrarily
+ chosen and can be configured at compile-time --ISDN_MAX in isdn.h).
+ A low-level-driver can register itself through an interface (which is
+ defined in isdnif.h) and gets assigned a slot.
+ The following char-devices are made available for each channel:
+
+ A raw-control-device with the following functions:
+ write: raw D-channel-messages (format: depends on driver).
+ read: raw D-channel-messages (format: depends on driver).
+ ioctl: depends on driver, i.e. for the ICN-driver, the base-address of
+ the ports and the shared memory on the card can be set and read
+ also the boot-code and the protocol software can be loaded into
+ the card.
+
+ O N L Y !!! for debugging (no locking against other devices):
+ One raw-data-device with the following functions:
+ write: data to B-channel.
+ read: data from B-channel.
+
+ In addition the following devices are made available:
+
+ 128 tty-devices (64 cuix and 64 ttyIx) with integrated modem-emulator:
+ The functionality is almost the same as that of a serial device
+ (the line-discs are handled by the kernel), which lets you run
+ SLIP, CSLIP and asynchronous PPP through the devices. We have tested
+ Seyon, minicom, CSLIP (uri-dip) PPP, mgetty, XCept and Hylafax.
+
+ The modem-emulation supports the following:
+ 1.3.1 Commands:
+
+ ATA Answer incoming call.
+ ATD<No.> Dial, the number may contain:
+ [0-9] and [,#.*WPT-S]
+ the latter are ignored until 'S'.
+ The 'S' must precede the number, if
+ the line is a SPV (German 1TR6).
+ ATE0 Echo off.
+ ATE1 Echo on (default).
+ ATH Hang-up.
+ ATH1 Off hook (ignored).
+ ATH0 Hang-up.
+ ATI Return "ISDN for Linux...".
+ ATI0 "
+ ATI1 "
+ ATI2 Report of last connection.
+ ATO On line (data mode).
+ ATQ0 Enable result codes (default).
+ ATQ1 Disable result codes (default).
+ ATSx=y Set register x to y.
+ ATSx? Show contents of register x.
+ ATV0 Numeric responses.
+ ATV1 English responses (default).
+ ATZ Load registers and EAZ/MSN from Profile.
+ AT&Bx Set Send-Packet-size to x (max. 4000)
+ The real packet-size may be limited by the
+ low-level-driver used. e.g. the HiSax-Module-
+ limit is 2000. You will get NO Error-Message,
+ if you set it to higher values, because at the
+ time of giving this command the corresponding
+ driver may not be selected (see "Automatic
+ Assignment") however the size of outgoing packets
+ will be limited correctly.
+ AT&D0 Ignore DTR
+ AT&D2 DTR-low-edge: Hang up and return to
+ command mode (default).
+ AT&D3 Same as AT&D2 but also resets all registers.
+ AT&Ex Set the EAZ/MSN for this channel to x.
+ AT&F Reset all registers and profile to "factory-defaults"
+ AT&Lx Set list of phone numbers to listen on. x is a
+ list of wildcard patterns separated by semicolon.
+ If this is set, it has precedence over the MSN set
+ by AT&E.
+ AT&Rx Select V.110 bitrate adaption.
+ This command enables V.110 protocol with 9600 baud
+ (x=9600), 19200 baud (x=19200) or 38400 baud
+ (x=38400). A value of x=0 disables V.110 switching
+ back to default X.75. This command sets the following
+ Registers:
+ Reg 14 (Layer-2 protocol):
+ x = 0: 0
+ x = 9600: 7
+ x = 19200: 8
+ x = 38400: 9
+ Reg 18.2 = 1
+ Reg 19 (Additional Service Indicator):
+ x = 0: 0
+ x = 9600: 197
+ x = 19200: 199
+ x = 38400: 198
+ Note on value in Reg 19:
+ There is _NO_ common convention for 38400 baud.
+ The value 198 is chosen arbitrarily. Users
+ _MUST_ negotiate this value before establishing
+ a connection.
+ AT&Sx Set window-size (x = 1..8) (not yet implemented)
+ AT&V Show all settings.
+ AT&W0 Write registers and EAZ/MSN to profile. See also
+ iprofd (5.c in this README).
+ AT&X0 BTX-mode and T.70-mode off (default)
+ AT&X1 BTX-mode on. (S13.1=1, S13.5=0 S14=0, S16=7, S18=7, S19=0)
+ AT&X2 T.70-mode on. (S13.1=1, S13.5=1, S14=0, S16=7, S18=7, S19=0)
+ AT+Rx Resume a suspended call with CallID x (x = 1,2,3...)
+ AT+Sx Suspend a call with CallID x (x = 1,2,3...)
+
+ For voice-mode commands refer to README.audio
+
+ 1.3.2 Escape sequence:
+ During a connection, the emulation reacts just like
+ a normal modem to the escape sequence <DELAY>+++<DELAY>.
+ (The escape character - default '+' - can be set in the
+ register 2).
+ The DELAY must at least be 1.5 seconds long and delay
+ between the escape characters must not exceed 0.5 seconds.
+
+ 1.3.3 Registers:
+
+ Nr. Default Description
+ 0 0 Answer on ring number.
+ (no auto-answer if S0=0).
+ 1 0 Count of rings.
+ 2 43 Escape character.
+ (a value >= 128 disables the escape sequence).
+ 3 13 Carriage return character (ASCII).
+ 4 10 Line feed character (ASCII).
+ 5 8 Backspace character (ASCII).
+ 6 3 Delay in seconds before dialing.
+ 7 60 Wait for carrier.
+ 8 2 Pause time for comma (ignored)
+ 9 6 Carrier detect time (ignored)
+ 10 7 Carrier loss to disconnect time (ignored).
+ 11 70 Touch tone timing (ignored).
+ 12 69 Bit coded register:
+ Bit 0: 0 = Suppress response messages.
+ 1 = Show response messages.
+ Bit 1: 0 = English response messages.
+ 1 = Numeric response messages.
+ Bit 2: 0 = Echo off.
+ 1 = Echo on.
+ Bit 3 0 = DCD always on.
+ 1 = DCD follows carrier.
+ Bit 4 0 = CTS follows RTS
+ 1 = Ignore RTS, CTS always on.
+ Bit 5 0 = return to command mode on DTR low.
+ 1 = Same as 0 but also resets all
+ registers.
+ See also register 13, bit 2
+ Bit 6 0 = DSR always on.
+ 1 = DSR only on if channel is available.
+ Bit 7 0 = Cisco-PPP-flag-hack off (default).
+ 1 = Cisco-PPP-flag-hack on.
+ 13 0 Bit coded register:
+ Bit 0: 0 = Use delayed tty-send-algorithm
+ 1 = Direct tty-send.
+ Bit 1: 0 = T.70 protocol (Only for BTX!) off
+ 1 = T.70 protocol (Only for BTX!) on
+ Bit 2: 0 = Don't hangup on DTR low.
+ 1 = Hangup on DTR low.
+ Bit 3: 0 = Standard response messages
+ 1 = Extended response messages
+ Bit 4: 0 = CALLER NUMBER before every RING.
+ 1 = CALLER NUMBER after first RING.
+ Bit 5: 0 = T.70 extended protocol off
+ 1 = T.70 extended protocol on
+ Bit 6: 0 = Special RUNG Message off
+ 1 = Special RUNG Message on
+ "RUNG" is delivered on a ttyI, if
+ an incoming call happened (RING) and
+ the remote party hung up before any
+ local ATA was given.
+ Bit 7: 0 = Don't show display messages from net
+ 1 = Show display messages from net
+ (S12 Bit 1 must be 0 too)
+ 14 0 Layer-2 protocol:
+ 0 = X75/LAPB with I-frames
+ 1 = X75/LAPB with UI-frames
+ 2 = X75/LAPB with BUI-frames
+ 3 = HDLC
+ 4 = Transparent (audio)
+ 7 = V.110, 9600 baud
+ 8 = V.110, 19200 baud
+ 9 = V.110, 38400 baud
+ 10 = Analog Modem (only if hardware supports this)
+ 11 = Fax G3 (only if hardware supports this)
+ 15 0 Layer-3 protocol:
+ 0 = transparent
+ 1 = transparent with audio features (e.g. DSP)
+ 2 = Fax G3 Class 2 commands (S14 has to be set to 11)
+ 3 = Fax G3 Class 1 commands (S14 has to be set to 11)
+ 16 250 Send-Packet-size/16
+ 17 8 Window-size (not yet implemented)
+ 18 4 Bit coded register, Service-Octet-1 to accept,
+ or to be used on dialout:
+ Bit 0: Service 1 (audio) when set.
+ Bit 1: Service 5 (BTX) when set.
+ Bit 2: Service 7 (data) when set.
+ Note: It is possible to set more than one
+ bit. In this case, on incoming calls
+ the selected services are accepted,
+ and if the service is "audio", the
+ Layer-2-protocol is automatically
+ changed to 4 regardless of the setting
+ of register 14. On outgoing calls,
+ the most significant 1-bit is chosen to
+ select the outgoing service octet.
+ 19 0 Service-Octet-2
+ 20 0 Bit coded register (readonly)
+ Service-Octet-1 of last call.
+ Bit mapping is the same as register 18
+ 21 0 Bit coded register (readonly)
+ Set on incoming call (during RING) to
+ octet 3 of calling party number IE (Numbering plan)
+ See section 4.5.10 of ITU Q.931
+ 22 0 Bit coded register (readonly)
+ Set on incoming call (during RING) to
+ octet 3a of calling party number IE (Screening info)
+ See section 4.5.10 of ITU Q.931
+ 23 0 Bit coded register:
+ Bit 0: 0 = Add CPN to RING message off
+ 1 = Add CPN to RING message on
+ Bit 1: 0 = Add CPN to FCON message off
+ 1 = Add CPN to FCON message on
+ Bit 2: 0 = Add CDN to RING/FCON message off
+ 1 = Add CDN to RING/FCON message on
+
+ Last but not least a (at the moment fairly primitive) device to request
+ the line-status (/dev/isdninfo) is made available.
+
+ Automatic assignment of devices to lines:
+
+ All inactive physical lines are listening to all EAZs for incoming
+ calls and are NOT assigned to a specific tty or network interface.
+ When an incoming call is detected, the driver looks first for a network
+ interface and then for an opened tty which:
+
+ 1. is configured for the same EAZ.
+ 2. has the same protocol settings for the B-channel.
+ 3. (only for network interfaces if the security flag is set)
+ contains the caller number in its access list.
+ 4. Either the channel is not bound exclusively to another Net-interface, or
+ it is bound AND the other checks apply to exactly this interface.
+ (For usage of the bind-features, refer to the isdnctrl-man-page)
+
+ Only when a matching interface or tty is found is the call accepted
+ and the "connection" between the low-level-layer and the link-level-layer
+ is established and kept until the end of the connection.
+ In all other cases no connection is established. Isdn4linux can be
+ configured to either do NOTHING in this case (which is useful, if
+ other, external devices with the same EAZ/MSN are connected to the bus)
+ or to reject the call actively. (isdnctrl busreject ...)
+
+ For an outgoing call, the inactive physical lines are searched.
+ The call is placed on the first physical line, which supports the
+ requested protocols for the B-channel. If a net-interface, however
+ is pre-bound to a channel, this channel is used directly.
+
+ This makes it possible to configure several network interfaces and ttys
+ for one EAZ, if the network interfaces are set to secure operation.
+ If an incoming call matches one network interface, it gets connected to it.
+ If another incoming call for the same EAZ arrives, which does not match
+ a network interface, the first tty gets a "RING" and so on.
+
+2 System prerequisites:
+
+ ATTENTION!
+
+ Always use the latest module utilities. The current version is
+ named in Documentation/Changes. Some old versions of insmod
+ are not capable of setting the driver-Ids correctly.
+
+3. Lowlevel-driver configuration.
+
+ Configuration depends on how the drivers are built. See the
+ README.<yourDriver> for information on driver-specific setup.
+
+4. Device-inodes
+
+ The major and minor numbers and their names are described in
+ Documentation/devices.txt. The major numbers are:
+
+ 43 for the ISDN-tty's.
+ 44 for the ISDN-callout-tty's.
+ 45 for control/info/debug devices.
+
+5. Application
+
+ a) For some card-types, firmware has to be loaded into the cards, before
+ proceeding with device-independent setup. See README.<yourDriver>
+ for how to do that.
+
+ b) If you only intend to use ttys, you are nearly ready now.
+
+ c) If you want to have really permanent "Modem"-settings on disk, you
+ can start the daemon iprofd. Give it a path to a file at the command-
+ line. It will store the profile-settings in this file every time
+ an AT&W0 is performed on any ISDN-tty. If the file already exists,
+ all profiles are initialized from this file. If you want to unload
+ any of the modules, kill iprofd first.
+
+ d) For networking, continue: Create an interface:
+ isdnctrl addif isdn0
+
+ e) Set the EAZ (or MSN for Euro-ISDN):
+ isdnctrl eaz isdn0 2
+
+ (For 1TR6 a single digit is allowed, for Euro-ISDN the number is your
+ real MSN e.g.: Phone-Number)
+
+ f) Set the number for outgoing calls on the interface:
+ isdnctrl addphone isdn0 out 1234567
+ ... (this can be executed more than once, all assigned numbers are
+ tried in order)
+ and the number(s) for incoming calls:
+ isdnctrl addphone isdn0 in 1234567
+
+ g) Set the timeout for hang-up:
+ isdnctrl huptimeout isdn0 <timeout_in_seconds>
+
+ h) additionally you may activate charge-hang-up (= Hang up before
+ next charge-info, this only works, if your isdn-provider transmits
+ the charge-info during and after the connection):
+ isdnctrl chargehup isdn0 on
+
+ i) Set the dial mode of the interface:
+ isdnctrl dialmode isdn0 auto
+ "off" means that you (or the system) cannot make any connection
+ (neither incoming or outgoing connections are possible). Use
+ this if you want to be sure that no connections will be made.
+ "auto" means that the interface is in auto-dial mode, and will
+ attempt to make a connection whenever a network data packet needs
+ the interface's link. Note that this can cause unexpected dialouts,
+ and lead to a high phone bill! Some daemons or other pc's that use
+ this interface can cause this.
+ Incoming connections are also possible.
+ "manual" is a dial mode created to prevent the unexpected dialouts.
+ In this mode, the interface will never make any connections on its
+ own. You must explicitly initiate a connection with "isdnctrl dial
+ isdn0". However, after an idle time of no traffic as configured for
+ the huptimeout value with isdnctrl, the connection _will_ be ended.
+ If you don't want any automatic hangup, set the huptimeout value to 0.
+ "manual" is the default.
+
+ j) Setup the interface with ifconfig as usual, and set a route to it.
+
+ k) (optional) If you run X11 and have Tcl/Tk-wish version 4.0, you can use
+ the script tools/tcltk/isdnmon. You can add actions for line-status
+ changes. See the comments at the beginning of the script for how to
+ do that. There are other tty-based tools in the tools-subdirectory
+ contributed by Michael Knigge (imon), Volker Götz (imontty) and
+ Andreas Kool (isdnmon).
+
+ l) For initial testing, you can set the verbose-level to 2 (default: 0).
+ Then all incoming calls are logged, even if they are not addressed
+ to one of the configured net-interfaces:
+ isdnctrl verbose 2
+
+ Now you are ready! A ping to the set address should now result in an
+ automatic dial-out (look at syslog kernel-messages).
+ The phone numbers and EAZs can be assigned at any time with isdnctrl.
+ You can add as many interfaces as you like with addif following the
+ directions above. Of course, there may be some limitations. But we have
+ tested as many as 20 interfaces without any problem. However, if you
+ don't give an interface name to addif, the kernel will assign a name
+ which starts with "eth". The number of "eth"-interfaces is limited by
+ the kernel.
+
+5. Additional options for isdnctrl:
+
+ "isdnctrl secure <InterfaceName> on"
+ Only incoming calls, for which the caller-id is listed in the access
+ list of the interface are accepted. You can add caller-id's With the
+ command "isdnctrl addphone <InterfaceName> in <caller-id>"
+ Euro-ISDN does not transmit the leading '0' of the caller-id for an
+ incoming call, therefore you should configure it accordingly.
+ If the real number for the dialout e.g. is "09311234567" the number
+ to configure here is "9311234567". The pattern-match function
+ works similar to the shell mechanism.
+
+ ? one arbitrary digit
+ * zero or arbitrary many digits
+ [123] one of the digits in the list
+ [1-5] one digit between '1' and '5'
+ a '^' as the first character in a list inverts the list
+
+
+ "isdnctrl secure <InterfaceName> off"
+ Switch off secure operation (default).
+
+ "isdnctrl ihup <InterfaceName> [on|off]"
+ Switch the hang-up-timer for incoming calls on or off.
+
+ "isdnctrl eaz <InterfaceName>"
+ Returns the EAZ of an interface.
+
+ "isdnctrl delphone <InterfaceName> in|out <number>"
+ Deletes a number from one of the access-lists of the interface.
+
+ "isdnctrl delif <InterfaceName>"
+ Removes the interface (and possible slaves) from the kernel.
+ (You have to unregister it with "ifconfig <InterfaceName> down" before).
+
+ "isdnctrl callback <InterfaceName> [on|off]"
+ Switches an interface to callback-mode. In this mode, an incoming call
+ will be rejected and after this the remote-station will be called. If
+ you test this feature by using ping, some routers will re-dial very
+ quickly, so that the callback from isdn4linux may not be recognized.
+ In this case use ping with the option -i <sec> to increase the interval
+ between echo-packets.
+
+ "isdnctrl cbdelay <InterfaceName> [seconds]"
+ Sets the delay (default 5 sec) between an incoming call and start of
+ dialing when callback is enabled.
+
+ "isdnctrl cbhup <InterfaceName> [on|off]"
+ This enables (default) or disables an active hangup (reject) when getting an
+ incoming call for an interface which is configured for callback.
+
+ "isdnctrl encap <InterfaceName> <EncapType>"
+ Selects the type of packet-encapsulation. The encapsulation can be changed
+ only while an interface is down.
+
+ At the moment the following values are supported:
+
+ rawip (Default) Selects raw-IP-encapsulation. This means, MAC-headers
+ are stripped off.
+ ip IP with type-field. Same as IP but the type-field of the MAC-header
+ is preserved.
+ x25iface X.25 interface encapsulation (first byte semantics as defined in
+ ../networking/x25-iface.txt). Use this for running the linux
+ X.25 network protocol stack (AF_X25 sockets) on top of isdn.
+ cisco-h A special-mode for communicating with a Cisco, which is configured
+ to do "hdlc"
+ ethernet No stripping. Packets are sent with full MAC-header.
+ The Ethernet-address of the interface is faked, from its
+ IP-address: fc:fc:i1:i2:i3:i4, where i1-4 are the IP-addr.-values.
+ syncppp Synchronous PPP
+
+ uihdlc HDLC with UI-frame-header (for use with DOS ISPA, option -h1)
+
+
+ NOTE: x25iface encapsulation is currently experimental. Please
+ read README.x25 for further details
+
+
+ Watching packets, using standard-tcpdump will fail for all encapsulations
+ except ethernet because tcpdump does not know how to handle packets
+ without MAC-header. A patch for tcpdump is included in the utility-package
+ mentioned above.
+
+ "isdnctrl l2_prot <InterfaceName> <L2-ProtocolName>"
+ Selects a layer-2-protocol.
+ (With the ICN-driver and the HiSax-driver, "x75i" and "hdlc" is available.
+ With other drivers, "x75ui", "x75bui", "x25dte", "x25dce" may be
+ possible too. See README.x25 for x25 related l2 protocols.)
+
+ isdnctrl l3_prot <InterfaceName> <L3-ProtocolName>
+ The same for layer-3. (At the moment only "trans" is allowed)
+
+ "isdnctrl list <InterfaceName>"
+ Shows all parameters of an interface and the charge-info.
+ Try "all" as the interface name.
+
+ "isdnctrl hangup <InterfaceName>"
+ Forces hangup of an interface.
+
+ "isdnctrl bind <InterfaceName> <DriverId>,<ChannelNumber> [exclusive]"
+ If you are using more than one ISDN card, it is sometimes necessary to
+ dial out using a specific card or even preserve a specific channel for
+ dialout of a specific net-interface. This can be done with the above
+ command. Replace <DriverId> by whatever you assigned while loading the
+ module. The <ChannelNumber> is counted from zero. The upper limit
+ depends on the card used. At the moment no card supports more than
+ 2 channels, so the upper limit is one.
+
+ "isdnctrl unbind <InterfaceName>"
+ unbinds a previously bound interface.
+
+ "isdnctrl busreject <DriverId> on|off"
+ If switched on, isdn4linux replies a REJECT to incoming calls, it
+ cannot match to any configured interface.
+ If switched off, nothing happens in this case.
+ You normally should NOT enable this feature, if the ISDN adapter is not
+ the only device connected to the S0-bus. Otherwise it could happen that
+ isdn4linux rejects an incoming call, which belongs to another device on
+ the bus.
+
+ "isdnctrl addslave <InterfaceName> <SlaveName>
+ Creates a slave interface for channel-bundling. Slave interfaces are
+ not seen by the kernel, but their ISDN-part can be configured with
+ isdnctrl as usual. (Phone numbers, EAZ/MSN, timeouts etc.) If more
+ than two channels are to be bundled, feel free to create as many as you
+ want. InterfaceName must be a real interface, NOT a slave. Slave interfaces
+ start dialing, if the master interface resp. the previous slave interface
+ has a load of more than 7000 cps. They hangup if the load goes under 7000
+ cps, according to their "huptimeout"-parameter.
+
+ "isdnctrl sdelay <InterfaceName> secs."
+ This sets the minimum time an Interface has to be fully loaded, until
+ it sends a dial-request to its slave.
+
+ "isdnctrl dial <InterfaceName>"
+ Forces an interface to start dialing even if no packets are to be
+ transferred.
+
+ "isdnctrl mapping <DriverId> MSN0,MSN1,MSN2,...MSN9"
+ This installs a mapping table for EAZ<->MSN-mapping for a single line.
+ Missing MSN's have to be given as "-" or can be omitted, if at the end
+ of the commandline.
+ With this command, it's now possible to have an interface listening to
+ mixed 1TR6- and Euro-Type lines. In this case, the interface has to be
+ configured to a 1TR6-type EAZ (one digit). The mapping is also valid
+ for tty-emulation. Seen from the interface/tty-level the mapping
+ CAN be used, however it's possible to use single tty's/interfaces with
+ real MSN's (more digits) also, in which case the mapping will be ignored.
+ Here is an example:
+
+ You have a 1TR6-type line with base-nr. 1234567 and a Euro-line with
+ MSN's 987654, 987655 and 987656. The DriverId for the Euro-line is "EURO".
+
+ isdnctrl mapping EURO -,987654,987655,987656,-,987655
+ ...
+ isdnctrl eaz isdn0 1 # listen on 12345671(1tr6) and 987654(euro)
+ ...
+ isdnctrl eaz isdn1 4 # listen on 12345674(1tr6) only.
+ ...
+ isdnctrl eaz isdn2 987654 # listen on 987654(euro) only.
+
+ Same scheme is used with AT&E... at the tty's.
+
+6. If you want to write a new low-level-driver, you are welcome.
+ The interface to the link-level-module is described in the file INTERFACE.
+ If the interface should be expanded for any reason, don't do it
+ on your own, send me a mail containing the proposed changes and
+ some reasoning about them.
+ If other drivers will not be affected, I will include the changes
+ in the next release.
+ For developers only, there is a second mailing-list. Write to me
+ (fritz@isdn4linux.de), if you want to join that list.
+
+Have fun!
+
+ -Fritz
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.FAQ b/Documentation/isdn/README.FAQ
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..356f7944641
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.FAQ
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+
+The FAQ for isdn4linux
+======================
+
+Please note that there is a big FAQ available in the isdn4k-utils.
+You find it in:
+ isdn4k-utils/FAQ/i4lfaq.sgml
+
+In case you just want to see the FAQ online, or download the newest version,
+you can have a look at my website:
+http://www.mhessler.de/i4lfaq/ (view + download)
+or:
+http://www.isdn4linux.de/faq/ (view)
+
+As the extension tells, the FAQ is in SGML format, and you can convert it
+into text/html/... format by using the sgml2txt/sgml2html/... tools.
+Alternatively, you can also do a 'configure; make all' in the FAQ directory.
+
+
+Please have a look at the FAQ before posting anything in the Mailinglist,
+or the newsgroup!
+
+
+Matthias Hessler
+hessler@isdn4linux.de
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.HiSax b/Documentation/isdn/README.HiSax
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..031c8d81433
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.HiSax
@@ -0,0 +1,659 @@
+HiSax is a Linux hardware-level driver for passive ISDN cards with Siemens
+chipset (ISAC_S 2085/2086/2186, HSCX SAB 82525). It is based on the Teles
+driver from Jan den Ouden.
+It is meant to be used with isdn4linux, an ISDN link-level module for Linux
+written by Fritz Elfert.
+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ (at your option) any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+
+
+Supported cards
+---------------
+
+Teles 8.0/16.0/16.3 and compatible ones
+Teles 16.3c
+Teles S0/PCMCIA
+Teles PCI
+Teles S0Box
+Creatix S0Box
+Creatix PnP S0
+Compaq ISDN S0 ISA card
+AVM A1 (Fritz, Teledat 150)
+AVM Fritz PCMCIA
+AVM Fritz PnP
+AVM Fritz PCI
+ELSA Microlink PCC-16, PCF, PCF-Pro, PCC-8
+ELSA Quickstep 1000
+ELSA Quickstep 1000PCI
+ELSA Quickstep 3000 (same settings as QS1000)
+ELSA Quickstep 3000PCI
+ELSA PCMCIA
+ITK ix1-micro Rev.2
+Eicon Diva 2.0 ISA and PCI (S0 and U interface, no PRO version)
+Eicon Diva 2.01 ISA and PCI
+Eicon Diva 2.02 PCI
+Eicon Diva Piccola
+ASUSCOM NETWORK INC. ISDNLink 128K PC adapter (order code I-IN100-ST-D)
+Dynalink IS64PH (OEM version of ASUSCOM NETWORK INC. ISDNLink 128K adapter)
+PCBIT-DP (OEM version of ASUSCOM NETWORK INC. ISDNLink)
+HFC-2BS0 based cards (TeleInt SA1)
+Sedlbauer Speed Card (Speed Win, Teledat 100, PCI, Fax+)
+Sedlbauer Speed Star/Speed Star2 (PCMCIA)
+Sedlbauer ISDN-Controller PC/104
+USR Sportster internal TA (compatible Stollmann tina-pp V3)
+USR internal TA PCI
+ith Kommunikationstechnik GmbH MIC 16 ISA card
+Traverse Technologie NETjet PCI S0 card and NETspider U card
+Ovislink ISDN sc100-p card (NETjet driver)
+Dr. Neuhaus Niccy PnP/PCI
+Siemens I-Surf 1.0
+Siemens I-Surf 2.0 (with IPAC, try type 12 asuscom)
+ACER P10
+HST Saphir
+Berkom Telekom A4T
+Scitel Quadro
+Gazel ISDN cards
+HFC-PCI based cards
+Winbond W6692 based cards
+HFC-S+, HFC-SP/PCMCIA cards
+formula-n enternow
+Gerdes Power ISDN
+
+Note: PCF, PCF-Pro: up to now, only the ISDN part is supported
+ PCC-8: not tested yet
+ Eicon.Diehl Diva U interface not tested
+
+If you know other passive cards with the Siemens chipset, please let me know.
+You can combine any card, if there is no conflict between the resources
+(io, mem, irq).
+
+
+Configuring the driver
+----------------------
+
+The HiSax driver can either be built directly into the kernel or as a module.
+It can be configured using the command line feature while loading the kernel
+with LILO or LOADLIN or, if built as a module, using insmod/modprobe with
+parameters.
+There is also some config needed before you compile the kernel and/or
+modules. It is included in the normal "make [menu]config" target at the
+kernel. Don't forget it, especially to select the right D-channel protocol.
+
+Please note: In older versions of the HiSax driver, all PnP cards
+needed to be configured with isapnp and worked only with the HiSax
+driver used as a module.
+
+In the current version, HiSax will automatically use the in-kernel
+ISAPnP support, provided you selected it during kernel configuration
+(CONFIG_ISAPNP), if you don't give the io=, irq= command line parameters.
+
+The affected card types are: 4,7,12,14,19,27-30
+
+a) when built as a module
+-------------------------
+
+insmod/modprobe hisax.o \
+ io=iobase irq=IRQ mem=membase type=card_type \
+ protocol=D_channel_protocol id=idstring
+
+or, if several cards are installed:
+
+insmod/modprobe hisax.o \
+ io=iobase1,iobase2,... irq=IRQ1,IRQ2,... mem=membase1,membase2,... \
+ type=card_type1,card_type2,... \
+ protocol=D_channel_protocol1,D_channel_protocol2,... \
+ id=idstring1%idstring2 ...
+
+where "iobaseN" represents the I/O base address of the Nth card, "membaseN"
+the memory base address of the Nth card, etc.
+
+The reason for the delimiter "%" being used in the idstrings is that ","
+won't work with the current modules package.
+
+The parameters may be specified in any order. For example, the "io"
+parameter may precede the "irq" parameter, or vice versa. If several
+cards are installed, the ordering within the comma separated parameter
+lists must of course be consistent.
+
+Only parameters applicable to the card type need to be specified. For
+example, the Teles 16.3 card is not memory-mapped, so the "mem"
+parameter may be omitted for this card. Sometimes it may be necessary
+to specify a dummy parameter, however. This is the case when there is
+a card of a different type later in the list that needs a parameter
+which the preceding card does not. For instance, if a Teles 16.0 card
+is listed after a Teles 16.3 card, a dummy memory base parameter of 0
+must be specified for the 16.3. Instead of a dummy value, the parameter
+can also be skipped by simply omitting the value. For example:
+mem=,0xd0000. See example 6 below.
+
+The parameter for the D-Channel protocol may be omitted if you selected the
+correct one during kernel config. Valid values are "1" for German 1TR6,
+"2" for EDSS1 (Euro ISDN), "3" for leased lines (no D-Channel) and "4"
+for US NI1.
+With US NI1 you have to include your SPID into the MSN setting in the form
+<MSN>:<SPID> for example (your phonenumber is 1234 your SPID 5678):
+AT&E1234:5678 on ttyI interfaces
+isdnctrl eaz ippp0 1234:5678 on network devices
+
+The Creatix/Teles PnP cards use io1= and io2= instead of io= for specifying
+the I/O addresses of the ISAC and HSCX chips, respectively.
+
+Card types:
+
+ Type Required parameters (in addition to type and protocol)
+
+ 1 Teles 16.0 irq, mem, io
+ 2 Teles 8.0 irq, mem
+ 3 Teles 16.3 (non PnP) irq, io
+ 4 Creatix/Teles PnP irq, io0 (ISAC), io1 (HSCX)
+ 5 AVM A1 (Fritz) irq, io
+ 6 ELSA PCC/PCF cards io or nothing for autodetect (the iobase is
+ required only if you have more than one ELSA
+ card in your PC)
+ 7 ELSA Quickstep 1000 irq, io (from isapnp setup)
+ 8 Teles 16.3 PCMCIA irq, io
+ 9 ITK ix1-micro Rev.2 irq, io
+ 10 ELSA PCMCIA irq, io (set with card manager)
+ 11 Eicon.Diehl Diva ISA PnP irq, io
+ 11 Eicon.Diehl Diva PCI no parameter
+ 12 ASUS COM ISDNLink irq, io (from isapnp setup)
+ 13 HFC-2BS0 based cards irq, io
+ 14 Teles 16.3c PnP irq, io
+ 15 Sedlbauer Speed Card irq, io
+ 15 Sedlbauer PC/104 irq, io
+ 15 Sedlbauer Speed PCI no parameter
+ 16 USR Sportster internal irq, io
+ 17 MIC card irq, io
+ 18 ELSA Quickstep 1000PCI no parameter
+ 19 Compaq ISDN S0 ISA card irq, io0, io1, io (from isapnp setup io=IO2)
+ 20 NETjet PCI card no parameter
+ 21 Teles PCI no parameter
+ 22 Sedlbauer Speed Star (PCMCIA) irq, io (set with card manager)
+ 24 Dr. Neuhaus Niccy PnP irq, io0, io1 (from isapnp setup)
+ 24 Dr. Neuhaus Niccy PCI no parameter
+ 25 Teles S0Box irq, io (of the used lpt port)
+ 26 AVM A1 PCMCIA (Fritz!) irq, io (set with card manager)
+ 27 AVM PnP (Fritz!PnP) irq, io (from isapnp setup)
+ 27 AVM PCI (Fritz!PCI) no parameter
+ 28 Sedlbauer Speed Fax+ irq, io (from isapnp setup)
+ 29 Siemens I-Surf 1.0 irq, io, memory (from isapnp setup)
+ 30 ACER P10 irq, io (from isapnp setup)
+ 31 HST Saphir irq, io
+ 32 Telekom A4T none
+ 33 Scitel Quadro subcontroller (4*S0, subctrl 1...4)
+ 34 Gazel ISDN cards (ISA) irq,io
+ 34 Gazel ISDN cards (PCI) none
+ 35 HFC 2BDS0 PCI none
+ 36 W6692 based PCI cards none
+ 37 HFC 2BDS0 S+, SP irq,io
+ 38 NETspider U PCI card none
+ 39 HFC 2BDS0 SP/PCMCIA irq,io (set with cardmgr)
+ 40 hotplug interface
+ 41 Formula-n enter:now PCI none
+
+At the moment IRQ sharing is only possible with PCI cards. Please make sure
+that your IRQ is free and enabled for ISA use.
+
+
+Examples for module loading
+
+1. Teles 16.3, Euro ISDN, I/O base 280 hex, IRQ 10
+ modprobe hisax type=3 protocol=2 io=0x280 irq=10
+
+2. Teles 16.0, 1TR6 ISDN, I/O base d80 hex, IRQ 5, Memory d0000 hex
+ modprobe hisax protocol=1 type=1 io=0xd80 mem=0xd0000 irq=5
+
+3. Fritzcard, Euro ISDN, I/O base 340 hex, IRQ 10 and ELSA PCF, Euro ISDN
+ modprobe hisax type=5,6 protocol=2,2 io=0x340 irq=10 id=Fritz%Elsa
+
+4. Any ELSA PCC/PCF card, Euro ISDN
+ modprobe hisax type=6 protocol=2
+
+5. Teles 16.3 PnP, Euro ISDN, with isapnp configured
+ isapnp config: (INT 0 (IRQ 10 (MODE +E)))
+ (IO 0 (BASE 0x0580))
+ (IO 1 (BASE 0x0180))
+ modprobe hisax type=4 protocol=2 irq=10 io0=0x580 io1=0x180
+
+ In the current version of HiSax, you can instead simply use
+
+ modprobe hisax type=4 protocol=2
+
+ if you configured your kernel for ISAPnP. Don't run isapnp in
+ this case!
+
+6. Teles 16.3, Euro ISDN, I/O base 280 hex, IRQ 12 and
+ Teles 16.0, 1TR6, IRQ 5, Memory d0000 hex
+ modprobe hisax type=3,1 protocol=2,1 io=0x280 mem=0,0xd0000
+
+ Please note the dummy 0 memory address for the Teles 16.3, used as a
+ placeholder as described above, in the last example.
+
+7. Teles PCMCIA, Euro ISDN, I/O base 180 hex, IRQ 15 (default values)
+ modprobe hisax type=8 protocol=2 io=0x180 irq=15
+
+
+b) using LILO/LOADLIN, with the driver compiled directly into the kernel
+------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+hisax=typ1,dp1,pa_1,pb_1,pc_1[,typ2,dp2,pa_2 ... \
+ typn,dpn,pa_n,pb_n,pc_n][,idstring1[,idstring2,...,idstringn]]
+
+where
+ typ1 = type of 1st card (default depends on kernel settings)
+ dp1 = D-Channel protocol of 1st card. 1=1TR6, 2=EDSS1, 3=leased
+ pa_1 = 1st parameter (depending on the type of the card)
+ pb_1 = 2nd parameter ( " " " " " " " )
+ pc_1 = 3rd parameter ( " " " " " " " )
+
+ typ2,dp2,pa_2,pb_2,pc_2 = Parameters of the second card (defaults: none)
+ typn,dpn,pa_n,pb_n,pc_n = Parameters of the n'th card (up to 16 cards are
+ supported)
+
+ idstring = Driver ID for accessing the particular card with utility
+ programs and for identification when using a line monitor
+ (default: "HiSax")
+
+ Note: the ID string must start with an alphabetical character!
+
+Card types:
+
+type
+ 1 Teles 16.0 pa=irq pb=membase pc=iobase
+ 2 Teles 8.0 pa=irq pb=membase
+ 3 Teles 16.3 pa=irq pb=iobase
+ 4 Creatix/Teles PNP ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 5 AVM A1 (Fritz) pa=irq pb=iobase
+ 6 ELSA PCC/PCF cards pa=iobase or nothing for autodetect
+ 7 ELSA Quickstep 1000 ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 8 Teles S0 PCMCIA pa=irq pb=iobase
+ 9 ITK ix1-micro Rev.2 pa=irq pb=iobase
+ 10 ELSA PCMCIA pa=irq, pb=io (set with card manager)
+ 11 Eicon.Diehl Diva ISAPnP ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 11 Eicon.Diehl Diva PCI no parameter
+ 12 ASUS COM ISDNLink ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 13 HFC-2BS0 based cards pa=irq pb=io
+ 14 Teles 16.3c PnP ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 15 Sedlbauer Speed Card pa=irq pb=io (Speed Win only as module !)
+ 15 Sedlbauer PC/104 pa=irq pb=io
+ 15 Sedlbauer Speed PCI no parameter
+ 16 USR Sportster internal pa=irq pb=io
+ 17 MIC card pa=irq pb=io
+ 18 ELSA Quickstep 1000PCI no parameter
+ 19 Compaq ISDN S0 ISA card ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 20 NETjet PCI card no parameter
+ 21 Teles PCI no parameter
+ 22 Sedlbauer Speed Star (PCMCIA) pa=irq, pb=io (set with card manager)
+ 24 Dr. Neuhaus Niccy PnP ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 24 Dr. Neuhaus Niccy PCI no parameter
+ 25 Teles S0Box pa=irq, pb=io (of the used lpt port)
+ 26 AVM A1 PCMCIA (Fritz!) pa=irq, pb=io (set with card manager)
+ 27 AVM PnP (Fritz!PnP) ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 27 AVM PCI (Fritz!PCI) no parameter
+ 28 Sedlbauer Speed Fax+ ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 29 Siemens I-Surf 1.0 ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 30 ACER P10 ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 31 HST Saphir pa=irq, pb=io
+ 32 Telekom A4T no parameter
+ 33 Scitel Quadro subcontroller (4*S0, subctrl 1...4)
+ 34 Gazel ISDN cards (ISA) pa=irq, pb=io
+ 34 Gazel ISDN cards (PCI) no parameter
+ 35 HFC 2BDS0 PCI no parameter
+ 36 W6692 based PCI cards none
+ 37 HFC 2BDS0 S+,SP/PCMCIA ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 38 NETspider U PCI card none
+ 39 HFC 2BDS0 SP/PCMCIA ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 40 hotplug interface ONLY WORKS AS A MODULE !
+ 41 Formula-n enter:now PCI none
+
+Running the driver
+------------------
+
+When you insmod isdn.o and hisax.o (or with the in-kernel version, during
+boot time), a few lines should appear in your syslog. Look for something like:
+
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: Driver for Siemens chip set ISDN cards
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: Version 2.9
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: Revisions 1.14/1.9/1.10/1.25/1.8
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: Total 1 card defined
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: Card 1 Protocol EDSS1 Id=HiSax1 (0)
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: Elsa driver Rev. 1.13
+...
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: Elsa: PCF-Pro found at 0x360 Rev.:C IRQ 10
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: Elsa: timer OK; resetting card
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: Elsa: HSCX version A: V2.1 B: V2.1
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: Elsa: ISAC 2086/2186 V1.1
+...
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: DSS1 Rev. 1.14
+Apr 13 21:01:59 kke01 kernel: HiSax: 2 channels added
+
+This means that the card is ready for use.
+Cabling problems or line-downs are not detected, and only some ELSA cards can
+detect the S0 power.
+
+Remember that, according to the new strategy for accessing low-level drivers
+from within isdn4linux, you should also define a driver ID while doing
+insmod: Simply append hisax_id=<SomeString> to the insmod command line. This
+string MUST NOT start with a digit or a small 'x'!
+
+At this point you can run a 'cat /dev/isdnctrl0' and view debugging messages.
+
+At the moment, debugging messages are enabled with the hisaxctrl tool:
+
+ hisaxctrl <DriverId> DebugCmd <debugging_flags>
+
+<DriverId> default is HiSax, if you didn't specify one.
+
+DebugCmd is 1 for generic debugging
+ 11 for layer 1 development debugging
+ 13 for layer 3 development debugging
+
+where <debugging_flags> is the integer sum of the following debugging
+options you wish enabled:
+
+With DebugCmd set to 1:
+
+ 0x0001 Link-level <--> hardware-level communication
+ 0x0002 Top state machine
+ 0x0004 D-Channel Frames for isdnlog
+ 0x0008 D-Channel Q.921
+ 0x0010 B-Channel X.75
+ 0x0020 D-Channel l2
+ 0x0040 B-Channel l2
+ 0x0080 D-Channel link state debugging
+ 0x0100 B-Channel link state debugging
+ 0x0200 TEI debug
+ 0x0400 LOCK debug in callc.c
+ 0x0800 More paranoid debug in callc.c (not for normal use)
+ 0x1000 D-Channel l1 state debugging
+ 0x2000 B-Channel l1 state debugging
+
+With DebugCmd set to 11:
+
+ 0x0001 Warnings (default: on)
+ 0x0002 IRQ status
+ 0x0004 ISAC
+ 0x0008 ISAC FIFO
+ 0x0010 HSCX
+ 0x0020 HSCX FIFO (attention: full B-Channel output!)
+ 0x0040 D-Channel LAPD frame types
+ 0x0080 IPAC debug
+ 0x0100 HFC receive debug
+ 0x0200 ISAC monitor debug
+ 0x0400 D-Channel frames for isdnlog (set with 1 0x4 too)
+ 0x0800 D-Channel message verbose
+
+With DebugCmd set to 13:
+
+ 1 Warnings (default: on)
+ 2 l3 protocol descriptor errors
+ 4 l3 state machine
+ 8 charge info debugging (1TR6)
+
+For example, 'hisaxctrl HiSax 1 0x3ff' enables full generic debugging.
+
+Because of some obscure problems with some switch equipment, the delay
+between the CONNECT message and sending the first data on the B-channel is now
+configurable with
+
+hisaxctrl <DriverId> 2 <delay>
+<delay> in ms Value between 50 and 800 ms is recommended.
+
+Downloading Firmware
+--------------------
+At the moment, the Sedlbauer speed fax+ is the only card, which
+needs to download firmware.
+The firmware is downloaded with the hisaxctrl tool:
+
+ hisaxctrl <DriverId> 9 <firmware_filename>
+
+<DriverId> default is HiSax, if you didn't specify one,
+
+where <firmware_filename> is the filename of the firmware file.
+
+For example, 'hisaxctrl HiSax 9 ISAR.BIN' downloads the firmware for
+ISAR based cards (like the Sedlbauer speed fax+).
+
+Warning
+-------
+HiSax is a work in progress and may crash your machine.
+For certification look at HiSax.cert file.
+
+Limitations
+-----------
+At this time, HiSax only works on Euro ISDN lines and German 1TR6 lines.
+For leased lines see appendix.
+
+Bugs
+----
+If you find any, please let me know.
+
+
+Thanks
+------
+Special thanks to:
+
+ Emil Stephan for the name HiSax which is a mix of HSCX and ISAC.
+
+ Fritz Elfert, Jan den Ouden, Michael Hipp, Michael Wein,
+ Andreas Kool, Pekka Sarnila, Sim Yskes, Johan Myrre'en,
+ Klaus-Peter Nischke (ITK AG), Christof Petig, Werner Fehn (ELSA GmbH),
+ Volker Schmidt
+ Edgar Toernig and Marcus Niemann for the Sedlbauer driver
+ Stephan von Krawczynski
+ Juergen Quade for the Leased Line part
+ Klaus Lichtenwalder (Klaus.Lichtenwalder@WebForum.DE), for ELSA PCMCIA support
+ Enrik Berkhan (enrik@starfleet.inka.de) for S0BOX specific stuff
+ Ton van Rosmalen for Teles PCI
+ Petr Novak <petr.novak@i.cz> for Winbond W6692 support
+ Werner Cornelius <werner@isdn4linux.de> for HFC-PCI, HFC-S(+/P) and supplementary services support
+ and more people who are hunting bugs. (If I forgot somebody, please
+ send me a mail).
+
+ Firma ELSA GmbH
+ Firma Eicon.Diehl GmbH
+ Firma Dynalink NL
+ Firma ASUSCOM NETWORK INC. Taiwan
+ Firma S.u.S.E
+ Firma ith Kommunikationstechnik GmbH
+ Firma Traverse Technologie Australia
+ Firma Medusa GmbH (www.medusa.de).
+ Firma Quant-X Austria for sponsoring a DEC Alpha board+CPU
+ Firma Cologne Chip Designs GmbH
+
+ My girl friend and partner in life Ute for her patience with me.
+
+
+Enjoy,
+
+Karsten Keil
+keil@isdn4linux.de
+
+
+Appendix: Teles PCMCIA driver
+-----------------------------
+
+See
+ http://www.stud.uni-wuppertal.de/~ea0141/pcmcia.html
+for instructions.
+
+Appendix: Linux and ISDN-leased lines
+-------------------------------------
+
+Original from Juergen Quade, new version KKe.
+
+Attention NEW VERSION, the old leased line syntax won't work !!!
+
+You can use HiSax to connect your Linux-Box via an ISDN leased line
+to e.g. the Internet:
+
+1. Build a kernel which includes the HiSax driver either as a module
+ or as part of the kernel.
+ cd /usr/src/linux
+ make menuconfig
+ <ISDN subsystem - ISDN support -- HiSax>
+ make clean; make zImage; make modules; make modules_install
+2. Install the new kernel
+ cp /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/zImage /etc/kernel/linux.isdn
+ vi /etc/lilo.conf
+ <add new kernel in the bootable image section>
+ lilo
+3. in case the hisax driver is a "fixed" part of the kernel, configure
+ the driver with lilo:
+ vi /etc/lilo.conf
+ <add HiSax driver parameter in the global section (see below)>
+ lilo
+ Your lilo.conf _might_ look like the following:
+
+ # LILO configuration-file
+ # global section
+ # teles 16.0 on IRQ=5, MEM=0xd8000, PORT=0xd80
+ append="hisax=1,3,5,0xd8000,0xd80,HiSax"
+ # teles 16.3 (non pnp) on IRQ=15, PORT=0xd80
+ # append="hisax=3,3,5,0xd8000,0xd80,HiSax"
+ boot=/dev/sda
+ compact # faster, but won't work on all systems.
+ linear
+ read-only
+ prompt
+ timeout=100
+ vga = normal # force sane state
+ # Linux bootable partition config begins
+ image = /etc/kernel/linux.isdn
+ root = /dev/sda1
+ label = linux.isdn
+ #
+ image = /etc/kernel/linux-2.0.30
+ root = /dev/sda1
+ label = linux.secure
+
+ In the line starting with "append" you have to adapt the parameters
+ according to your card (see above in this file)
+
+3. boot the new linux.isdn kernel
+4. start the ISDN subsystem:
+ a) load - if necessary - the modules (depends, whether you compiled
+ the ISDN driver as module or not)
+ According to the type of card you have to specify the necessary
+ driver parameter (irq, io, mem, type, protocol).
+ For the leased line the protocol is "3". See the table above for
+ the parameters, which you have to specify depending on your card.
+ b) configure i4l
+ /sbin/isdnctrl addif isdn0
+ # EAZ 1 -- B1 channel 2 --B2 channel
+ /sbin/isdnctrl eaz isdn0 1
+ /sbin/isdnctrl secure isdn0 on
+ /sbin/isdnctrl huptimeout isdn0 0
+ /sbin/isdnctrl l2_prot isdn0 hdlc
+ # Attention you must not set an outgoing number !!! This won't work !!!
+ # The incoming number is LEASED0 for the first card, LEASED1 for the
+ # second and so on.
+ /sbin/isdnctrl addphone isdn0 in LEASED0
+ # Here is no need to bind the channel.
+ c) in case the remote partner is a CISCO:
+ /sbin/isdnctrl encap isdn0 cisco-h
+ d) configure the interface
+ /sbin/ifconfig isdn0 ${LOCAL_IP} pointopoint ${REMOTE_IP}
+ e) set the routes
+ /sbin/route add -host ${REMOTE_IP} isdn0
+ /sbin/route add default gw ${REMOTE_IP}
+ f) switch the card into leased mode for each used B-channel
+ /sbin/hisaxctrl HiSax 5 1
+
+Remarks:
+a) Use state of the art isdn4k-utils
+
+Here an example script:
+#!/bin/sh
+# Start/Stop ISDN leased line connection
+
+I4L_AS_MODULE=yes
+I4L_REMOTE_IS_CISCO=no
+I4L_MODULE_PARAMS="type=16 io=0x268 irq=7 "
+I4L_DEBUG=no
+I4L_LEASED_128K=yes
+LOCAL_IP=192.168.1.1
+REMOTE_IP=192.168.2.1
+
+case "$1" in
+ start)
+ echo "Starting ISDN ..."
+ if [ ${I4L_AS_MODULE} = "yes" ]; then
+ echo "loading modules..."
+ /sbin/modprobe hisax ${I4L_MODULE_PARAMS}
+ fi
+ # configure interface
+ /sbin/isdnctrl addif isdn0
+ /sbin/isdnctrl secure isdn0 on
+ if [ ${I4L_DEBUG} = "yes" ]; then
+ /sbin/isdnctrl verbose 7
+ /sbin/hisaxctrl HiSax 1 0xffff
+ /sbin/hisaxctrl HiSax 11 0xff
+ cat /dev/isdnctrl >/tmp/lea.log &
+ fi
+ if [ ${I4L_REMOTE_IS_CISCO} = "yes" ]; then
+ /sbin/isdnctrl encap isdn0 cisco-h
+ fi
+ /sbin/isdnctrl huptimeout isdn0 0
+ # B-CHANNEL 1
+ /sbin/isdnctrl eaz isdn0 1
+ /sbin/isdnctrl l2_prot isdn0 hdlc
+ # 1. card
+ /sbin/isdnctrl addphone isdn0 in LEASED0
+ if [ ${I4L_LEASED_128K} = "yes" ]; then
+ /sbin/isdnctrl addslave isdn0 isdn0s
+ /sbin/isdnctrl secure isdn0s on
+ /sbin/isdnctrl huptimeout isdn0s 0
+ # B-CHANNEL 2
+ /sbin/isdnctrl eaz isdn0s 2
+ /sbin/isdnctrl l2_prot isdn0s hdlc
+ # 1. card
+ /sbin/isdnctrl addphone isdn0s in LEASED0
+ if [ ${I4L_REMOTE_IS_CISCO} = "yes" ]; then
+ /sbin/isdnctrl encap isdn0s cisco-h
+ fi
+ fi
+ /sbin/isdnctrl dialmode isdn0 manual
+ # configure tcp/ip
+ /sbin/ifconfig isdn0 ${LOCAL_IP} pointopoint ${REMOTE_IP}
+ /sbin/route add -host ${REMOTE_IP} isdn0
+ /sbin/route add default gw ${REMOTE_IP}
+ # switch to leased mode
+ # B-CHANNEL 1
+ /sbin/hisaxctrl HiSax 5 1
+ if [ ${I4L_LEASED_128K} = "yes" ]; then
+ # B-CHANNEL 2
+ sleep 10; /* Wait for master */
+ /sbin/hisaxctrl HiSax 5 2
+ fi
+ ;;
+ stop)
+ /sbin/ifconfig isdn0 down
+ /sbin/isdnctrl delif isdn0
+ if [ ${I4L_DEBUG} = "yes" ]; then
+ killall cat
+ fi
+ if [ ${I4L_AS_MODULE} = "yes" ]; then
+ /sbin/rmmod hisax
+ /sbin/rmmod isdn
+ /sbin/rmmod ppp
+ /sbin/rmmod slhc
+ fi
+ ;;
+ *)
+ echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop}"
+ exit 1
+esac
+exit 0
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.act2000 b/Documentation/isdn/README.act2000
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..ce7115e7f4c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.act2000
@@ -0,0 +1,104 @@
+$Id: README.act2000,v 1.3 2000/08/06 09:22:51 armin Exp $
+
+This document describes the ACT2000 driver for the
+IBM Active 2000 ISDN card.
+
+There are 3 Types of this card available. A ISA-, MCA-, and PCMCIA-Bus
+Version. Currently, only the ISA-Bus version of the card is supported.
+However MCA and PCMCIA will follow soon.
+
+The ISA-Bus Version uses 8 IO-ports. The base port address has to be set
+manually using the DIP switches.
+
+Setting up the DIP switches for the IBM Active 2000 ISDN card:
+
+ Note: S5 and S6 always set off!
+
+ S1 S2 S3 S4 Base-port
+ on on on on 0x0200 (Factory default)
+ off on on on 0x0240
+ on off on on 0x0280
+ off off on on 0x02c0
+ on on off on 0x0300
+ off on off on 0x0340
+ on off off on 0x0380
+ on on on off 0xcfe0
+ off on on off 0xcfa0
+ on off on off 0xcf60
+ off off on off 0xcf20
+ on on off off 0xcee0
+ off on off off 0xcea0
+ on off off off 0xce60
+ off off off off Card disabled
+
+IRQ is configured by software. Possible values are:
+
+ 3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15 and none (polled mode)
+
+
+The ACT2000 driver may either be built into the kernel or as a module.
+Initialization depends on how the driver is built:
+
+Driver built into the kernel:
+
+ The ACT2000 driver can be configured using the commandline-feature while
+ loading the kernel with LILO or LOADLIN. It accepts the following syntax:
+
+ act2000=b,p,i[,idstring]
+
+ where
+
+ b = Bus-Type (1=ISA, 2=MCA, 3=PCMCIA)
+ p = portbase (-1 means autoprobe)
+ i = Interrupt (-1 means use next free IRQ, 0 means polled mode)
+
+ The idstring is an arbitrary string used for referencing the card
+ by the actctrl tool later.
+
+ Defaults used, when no parameters given at all:
+
+ 1,-1,-1,""
+
+ which means: Autoprobe for an ISA card, use next free IRQ, let the
+ ISDN linklevel fill the IdString (usually "line0" for the first card).
+
+ If you like to use more than one card, you can use the program
+ "actctrl" from the utility-package to configure additional cards.
+
+ Using the "actctrl"-utility, portbase and irq can also be changed
+ during runtime. The D-channel protocol is configured by the "dproto"
+ option of the "actctrl"-utility after loading the firmware into the
+ card's memory using the "actctrl"-utility.
+
+Driver built as module:
+
+ The module act2000.o can be configured during modprobe (insmod) by
+ appending its parameters to the modprobe resp. insmod commandline.
+ The following syntax is accepted:
+
+ act_bus=b act_port=p act_irq=i act_id=idstring
+
+ where b, p, i and idstring have the same meanings as the parameters
+ described for the builtin version above.
+
+ Using the "actctrl"-utility, the same features apply to the modularized
+ version as to the kernel-builtin one. (i.e. loading of firmware and
+ configuring the D-channel protocol)
+
+Loading the firmware into the card:
+
+ The firmware is supplied together with the isdn4k-utils package. It
+ can be found in the subdirectory act2000/firmware/
+
+ Assuming you have installed the utility-package correctly, the firmware
+ will be downloaded into the card using the following command:
+
+ actctrl -d idstring load /etc/isdn/bip11.btl
+
+ where idstring is the Name of the card, given during insmod-time or
+ (for kernel-builtin driver) on the kernel commandline. If only one
+ ISDN card is used, the -d isdstrin may be omitted.
+
+ For further documentation (adding more IBM Active 2000 cards), refer to
+ the manpage actctrl.8 which is included in the isdn4k-utils package.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.audio b/Documentation/isdn/README.audio
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..8ebca19290d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.audio
@@ -0,0 +1,138 @@
+$Id: README.audio,v 1.8 1999/07/11 17:17:29 armin Exp $
+
+ISDN subsystem for Linux.
+ Description of audio mode.
+
+When enabled during kernel configuration, the tty emulator of the ISDN
+subsystem is capable of a reduced set of commands to support audio.
+This document describes the commands supported and the format of
+audio data.
+
+Commands for enabling/disabling audio mode:
+
+ AT+FCLASS=8 Enable audio mode.
+ This affects the following registers:
+ S18: Bits 0 and 2 are set.
+ S16: Set to 48 and any further change to
+ larger values is blocked.
+ AT+FCLASS=0 Disable audio mode.
+ Register 18 is set to 4.
+ AT+FCLASS=? Show possible modes.
+ AT+FCLASS? Report current mode (0 or 8).
+
+Commands supported in audio mode:
+
+All audio mode commands have one of the following forms:
+
+ AT+Vxx? Show current setting.
+ AT+Vxx=? Show possible settings.
+ AT+Vxx=v Set simple parameter.
+ AT+Vxx=v,v ... Set complex parameter.
+
+where xx is a two-character code and v are alphanumerical parameters.
+The following commands are supported:
+
+ AT+VNH=x Auto hangup setting. NO EFFECT, supported
+ for compatibility only.
+ AT+VNH? Always reporting "1"
+ AT+VNH=? Always reporting "1"
+
+ AT+VIP Reset all audio parameters.
+
+ AT+VLS=x Line select. x is one of the following:
+ 0 = No device.
+ 2 = Phone line.
+ AT+VLS=? Always reporting "0,2"
+ AT+VLS? Show current line.
+
+ AT+VRX Start recording. Emulator responds with
+ CONNECT and starts sending audio data to
+ the application. See below for data format
+
+ AT+VSD=x,y Set silence-detection parameters.
+ Possible parameters:
+ x = 0 ... 31 sensitivity threshold level.
+ (default 0 , deactivated)
+ y = 0 ... 255 range of interval in units
+ of 0.1 second. (default 70)
+ AT+VSD=? Report possible parameters.
+ AT+VSD? Show current parameters.
+
+ AT+VDD=x,y Set DTMF-detection parameters.
+ Only possible if online and during this connection.
+ Possible parameters:
+ x = 0 ... 15 sensitivity threshold level.
+ (default 0 , I4L soft-decode)
+ (1-15 soft-decode off, hardware on)
+ y = 0 ... 255 tone duration in units of 5ms.
+ Not for I4L soft decode (default 8, 40ms)
+ AT+VDD=? Report possible parameters.
+ AT+VDD? Show current parameters.
+
+ AT+VSM=x Select audio data format.
+ Possible parameters:
+ 2 = ADPCM-2
+ 3 = ADPCM-3
+ 4 = ADPCM-4
+ 5 = aLAW
+ 6 = uLAW
+ AT+VSM=? Show possible audio formats.
+
+ AT+VTX Start audio playback. Emulator responds
+ with CONNECT and starts sending audio data
+ received from the application via phone line.
+General behavior and description of data formats/protocol.
+ when a connection is made:
+
+ On incoming calls, if the application responds to a RING
+ with ATA, depending on the calling service, the emulator
+ responds with either CONNECT (data call) or VCON (voice call).
+
+ On outgoing voice calls, the emulator responds with VCON
+ upon connection setup.
+
+ Audio recording.
+
+ When receiving audio data, a kind of bisync protocol is used.
+ Upon AT+VRX command, the emulator responds with CONNECT, and
+ starts sending audio data to the application. There are several
+ escape sequences defined, all using DLE (0x10) as Escape char:
+
+ <DLE><ETX> End of audio data. (i.e. caused by a
+ hangup of the remote side) Emulator stops
+ recording, responding with VCON.
+ <DLE><DC4> Abort recording, (send by appl.) Emulator
+ stops recording, sends DLE,ETX.
+ <DLE><DLE> Escape sequence for DLE in data stream.
+ <DLE>0 Touchtone "0" received.
+ ...
+ <DLE>9 Touchtone "9" received.
+ <DLE># Touchtone "#" received.
+ <DLE>* Touchtone "*" received.
+ <DLE>A Touchtone "A" received.
+ <DLE>B Touchtone "B" received.
+ <DLE>C Touchtone "C" received.
+ <DLE>D Touchtone "D" received.
+
+ <DLE>q quiet. Silence detected after non-silence.
+ <DLE>s silence. Silence detected from the
+ start of recording.
+
+ Currently unsupported DLE sequences:
+
+ <DLE>c FAX calling tone received.
+ <DLE>b busy tone received.
+
+ Audio playback.
+
+ When sending audio data, upon AT+VTX command, emulator responds with
+ CONNECT, and starts transferring data from application to the phone line.
+ The same DLE sequences apply to this mode.
+
+ Full-Duplex-Audio:
+
+ When _both_ commands for recording and playback are given in _one_
+ AT-command-line (i.e.: "AT+VTX+VRX"), full-duplex-mode is selected.
+ In this mode, the only way to stop recording is sending <DLE><DC4>
+ and the only way to stop playback is to send <DLE><ETX>.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.avmb1 b/Documentation/isdn/README.avmb1
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9e075484ef1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.avmb1
@@ -0,0 +1,187 @@
+Driver for active AVM Controller.
+
+The driver provides a kernel capi2.0 Interface (kernelcapi) and
+on top of this a User-Level-CAPI2.0-interface (capi)
+and a driver to connect isdn4linux with CAPI2.0 (capidrv).
+The lowlevel interface can be used to implement a CAPI2.0
+also for passive cards since July 1999.
+
+The author can be reached at calle@calle.in-berlin.de.
+The command avmcapictrl is part of the isdn4k-utils.
+t4-files can be found at ftp://ftp.avm.de/cardware/b1/linux/firmware
+
+Currently supported cards:
+ B1 ISA (all versions)
+ B1 PCI
+ T1/T1B (HEMA card)
+ M1
+ M2
+ B1 PCMCIA
+
+Installing
+----------
+
+You need at least /dev/capi20 to load the firmware.
+
+mknod /dev/capi20 c 68 0
+mknod /dev/capi20.00 c 68 1
+mknod /dev/capi20.01 c 68 2
+.
+.
+.
+mknod /dev/capi20.19 c 68 20
+
+Running
+-------
+
+To use the card you need the t4-files to download the firmware.
+AVM GmbH provides several t4-files for the different D-channel
+protocols (b1.t4 for Euro-ISDN). Install these file in /lib/isdn.
+
+if you configure as modules load the modules this way:
+
+insmod /lib/modules/current/misc/capiutil.o
+insmod /lib/modules/current/misc/b1.o
+insmod /lib/modules/current/misc/kernelcapi.o
+insmod /lib/modules/current/misc/capidrv.o
+insmod /lib/modules/current/misc/capi.o
+
+if you have an B1-PCI card load the module b1pci.o
+insmod /lib/modules/current/misc/b1pci.o
+and load the firmware with
+avmcapictrl load /lib/isdn/b1.t4 1
+
+if you have an B1-ISA card load the module b1isa.o
+and add the card by calling
+avmcapictrl add 0x150 15
+and load the firmware by calling
+avmcapictrl load /lib/isdn/b1.t4 1
+
+if you have an T1-ISA card load the module t1isa.o
+and add the card by calling
+avmcapictrl add 0x450 15 T1 0
+and load the firmware by calling
+avmcapictrl load /lib/isdn/t1.t4 1
+
+if you have an PCMCIA card (B1/M1/M2) load the module b1pcmcia.o
+before you insert the card.
+
+Leased Lines with B1
+--------------------
+Init card and load firmware.
+For an D64S use "FV: 1" as phone number
+For an D64S2 use "FV: 1" and "FV: 2" for multilink
+or "FV: 1,2" to use CAPI channel bundling.
+
+/proc-Interface
+-----------------
+
+/proc/capi:
+ dr-xr-xr-x 2 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 .
+ dr-xr-xr-x 82 root root 0 Jun 30 19:08 ..
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 applications
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 applstats
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 capi20
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 capidrv
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 controller
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 contrstats
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 driver
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 ncci
+ -r--r--r-- 1 root root 0 Jul 1 14:03 users
+
+/proc/capi/applications:
+ applid level3cnt datablkcnt datablklen ncci-cnt recvqueuelen
+ level3cnt: capi_register parameter
+ datablkcnt: capi_register parameter
+ ncci-cnt: current number of nccis (connections)
+ recvqueuelen: number of messages on receive queue
+ for example:
+1 -2 16 2048 1 0
+2 2 7 2048 1 0
+
+/proc/capi/applstats:
+ applid recvctlmsg nrecvdatamsg nsentctlmsg nsentdatamsg
+ recvctlmsg: capi messages received without DATA_B3_IND
+ recvdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_IND received
+ sentctlmsg: capi messages sent without DATA_B3_REQ
+ sentdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_REQ sent
+ for example:
+1 2057 1699 1721 1699
+
+/proc/capi/capi20: statistics of capi.o (/dev/capi20)
+ minor nopen nrecvdropmsg nrecvctlmsg nrecvdatamsg sentctlmsg sentdatamsg
+ minor: minor device number of capi device
+ nopen: number of calls to devices open
+ nrecvdropmsg: capi messages dropped (messages in recvqueue in close)
+ nrecvctlmsg: capi messages received without DATA_B3_IND
+ nrecvdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_IND received
+ nsentctlmsg: capi messages sent without DATA_B3_REQ
+ nsentdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_REQ sent
+
+ for example:
+1 2 18 0 16 2
+
+/proc/capi/capidrv: statistics of capidrv.o (capi messages)
+ nrecvctlmsg nrecvdatamsg sentctlmsg sentdatamsg
+ nrecvctlmsg: capi messages received without DATA_B3_IND
+ nrecvdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_IND received
+ nsentctlmsg: capi messages sent without DATA_B3_REQ
+ nsentdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_REQ sent
+ for example:
+2780 2226 2256 2226
+
+/proc/capi/controller:
+ controller drivername state cardname controllerinfo
+ for example:
+1 b1pci running b1pci-e000 B1 3.07-01 0xe000 19
+2 t1isa running t1isa-450 B1 3.07-01 0x450 11 0
+3 b1pcmcia running m2-150 B1 3.07-01 0x150 5
+
+/proc/capi/contrstats:
+ controller nrecvctlmsg nrecvdatamsg sentctlmsg sentdatamsg
+ nrecvctlmsg: capi messages received without DATA_B3_IND
+ nrecvdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_IND received
+ nsentctlmsg: capi messages sent without DATA_B3_REQ
+ nsentdatamsg: capi DATA_B3_REQ sent
+ for example:
+1 2845 2272 2310 2274
+2 2 0 2 0
+3 2 0 2 0
+
+/proc/capi/driver:
+ drivername ncontroller
+ for example:
+b1pci 1
+t1isa 1
+b1pcmcia 1
+b1isa 0
+
+/proc/capi/ncci:
+ apllid ncci winsize sendwindow
+ for example:
+1 0x10101 8 0
+
+/proc/capi/users: kernelmodules that use the kernelcapi.
+ name
+ for example:
+capidrv
+capi20
+
+Questions
+---------
+Check out the FAQ (ftp.isdn4linux.de) or subscribe to the
+linux-avmb1@calle.in-berlin.de mailing list by sending
+a mail to majordomo@calle.in-berlin.de with
+subscribe linux-avmb1
+in the body.
+
+German documentation and several scripts can be found at
+ftp://ftp.avm.de/cardware/b1/linux/
+
+Bugs
+----
+If you find any please let me know.
+
+Enjoy,
+
+Carsten Paeth (calle@calle.in-berlin.de)
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.concap b/Documentation/isdn/README.concap
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..2f114babe4b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.concap
@@ -0,0 +1,259 @@
+Description of the "concap" encapsulation protocol interface
+============================================================
+
+The "concap" interface is intended to be used by network device
+drivers that need to process an encapsulation protocol.
+It is assumed that the protocol interacts with a linux network device by
+- data transmission
+- connection control (establish, release)
+Thus, the mnemonic: "CONnection CONtrolling eNCAPsulation Protocol".
+
+This is currently only used inside the isdn subsystem. But it might
+also be useful to other kinds of network devices. Thus, if you want
+to suggest changes that improve usability or performance of the
+interface, please let me know. I'm willing to include them in future
+releases (even if I needed to adapt the current isdn code to the
+changed interface).
+
+
+Why is this useful?
+===================
+
+The encapsulation protocol used on top of WAN connections or permanent
+point-to-point links are frequently chosen upon bilateral agreement.
+Thus, a device driver for a certain type of hardware must support
+several different encapsulation protocols at once.
+
+The isdn device driver did already support several different
+encapsulation protocols. The encapsulation protocol is configured by a
+user space utility (isdnctrl). The isdn network interface code then
+uses several case statements which select appropriate actions
+depending on the currently configured encapsulation protocol.
+
+In contrast, LAN network interfaces always used a single encapsulation
+protocol which is unique to the hardware type of the interface. The LAN
+encapsulation is usually done by just sticking a header on the data. Thus,
+traditional linux network device drivers used to process the
+encapsulation protocol directly (usually by just providing a hard_header()
+method in the device structure) using some hardware type specific support
+functions. This is simple, direct and efficient. But it doesn't fit all
+the requirements for complex WAN encapsulations.
+
+
+ The configurability of the encapsulation protocol to be used
+ makes isdn network interfaces more flexible, but also much more
+ complex than traditional lan network interfaces.
+
+
+Many Encapsulation protocols used on top of WAN connections will not just
+stick a header on the data. They also might need to set up or release
+the WAN connection. They also might want to send other data for their
+private purpose over the wire, e.g. ppp does a lot of link level
+negotiation before the first piece of user data can be transmitted.
+Such encapsulation protocols for WAN devices are typically more complex
+than encapsulation protocols for lan devices. Thus, network interface
+code for typical WAN devices also tends to be more complex.
+
+
+In order to support Linux' x25 PLP implementation on top of
+isdn network interfaces I could have introduced yet another branch to
+the various case statements inside drivers/isdn/isdn_net.c.
+This eventually made isdn_net.c even more complex. In addition, it made
+isdn_net.c harder to maintain. Thus, by identifying an abstract
+interface between the network interface code and the encapsulation
+protocol, complexity could be reduced and maintainability could be
+increased.
+
+
+Likewise, a similar encapsulation protocol will frequently be needed by
+several different interfaces of even different hardware type, e.g. the
+synchronous ppp implementation used by the isdn driver and the
+asynchronous ppp implementation used by the ppp driver have a lot of
+similar code in them. By cleanly separating the encapsulation protocol
+from the hardware specific interface stuff such code could be shared
+better in future.
+
+
+When operating over dial-up-connections (e.g. telephone lines via modem,
+non-permanent virtual circuits of wide area networks, ISDN) many
+encapsulation protocols will need to control the connection. Therefore,
+some basic connection control primitives are supported. The type and
+semantics of the connection (i.e the ISO layer where connection service
+is provided) is outside our scope and might be different depending on
+the encapsulation protocol used, e.g. for a ppp module using our service
+on top of a modem connection a connect_request will result in dialing
+a (somewhere else configured) remote phone number. For an X25-interface
+module (LAPB semantics, as defined in Documentation/networking/x25-iface.txt)
+a connect_request will ask for establishing a reliable lapb
+datalink connection.
+
+
+The encapsulation protocol currently provides the following
+service primitives to the network device.
+
+- create a new encapsulation protocol instance
+- delete encapsulation protocol instance and free all its resources
+- initialize (open) the encapsulation protocol instance for use.
+- deactivate (close) an encapsulation protocol instance.
+- process (xmit) data handed down by upper protocol layer
+- receive data from lower (hardware) layer
+- process connect indication from lower (hardware) layer
+- process disconnect indication from lower (hardware) layer
+
+
+The network interface driver accesses those primitives via callbacks
+provided by the encapsulation protocol instance within a
+struct concap_proto_ops.
+
+struct concap_proto_ops{
+
+ /* create a new encapsulation protocol instance of same type */
+ struct concap_proto * (*proto_new) (void);
+
+ /* delete encapsulation protocol instance and free all its resources.
+ cprot may no loger be referenced after calling this */
+ void (*proto_del)(struct concap_proto *cprot);
+
+ /* initialize the protocol's data. To be called at interface startup
+ or when the device driver resets the interface. All services of the
+ encapsulation protocol may be used after this*/
+ int (*restart)(struct concap_proto *cprot,
+ struct net_device *ndev,
+ struct concap_device_ops *dops);
+
+ /* deactivate an encapsulation protocol instance. The encapsulation
+ protocol may not call any *dops methods after this. */
+ int (*close)(struct concap_proto *cprot);
+
+ /* process a frame handed down to us by upper layer */
+ int (*encap_and_xmit)(struct concap_proto *cprot, struct sk_buff *skb);
+
+ /* to be called for each data entity received from lower layer*/
+ int (*data_ind)(struct concap_proto *cprot, struct sk_buff *skb);
+
+ /* to be called when a connection was set up/down.
+ Protocols that don't process these primitives might fill in
+ dummy methods here */
+ int (*connect_ind)(struct concap_proto *cprot);
+ int (*disconn_ind)(struct concap_proto *cprot);
+};
+
+
+The data structures are defined in the header file include/linux/concap.h.
+
+
+A Network interface using encapsulation protocols must also provide
+some service primitives to the encapsulation protocol:
+
+- request data being submitted by lower layer (device hardware)
+- request a connection being set up by lower layer
+- request a connection being released by lower layer
+
+The encapsulation protocol accesses those primitives via callbacks
+provided by the network interface within a struct concap_device_ops.
+
+struct concap_device_ops{
+
+ /* to request data be submitted by device */
+ int (*data_req)(struct concap_proto *, struct sk_buff *);
+
+ /* Control methods must be set to NULL by devices which do not
+ support connection control. */
+ /* to request a connection be set up */
+ int (*connect_req)(struct concap_proto *);
+
+ /* to request a connection be released */
+ int (*disconn_req)(struct concap_proto *);
+};
+
+The network interface does not explicitly provide a receive service
+because the encapsulation protocol directly calls netif_rx().
+
+
+
+
+An encapsulation protocol itself is actually the
+struct concap_proto{
+ struct net_device *net_dev; /* net device using our service */
+ struct concap_device_ops *dops; /* callbacks provided by device */
+ struct concap_proto_ops *pops; /* callbacks provided by us */
+ int flags;
+ void *proto_data; /* protocol specific private data, to
+ be accessed via *pops methods only*/
+ /*
+ :
+ whatever
+ :
+ */
+};
+
+Most of this is filled in when the device requests the protocol to
+be reset (opend). The network interface must provide the net_dev and
+dops pointers. Other concap_proto members should be considered private
+data that are only accessed by the pops callback functions. Likewise,
+a concap proto should access the network device's private data
+only by means of the callbacks referred to by the dops pointer.
+
+
+A possible extended device structure which uses the connection controlling
+encapsulation services could look like this:
+
+struct concap_device{
+ struct net_device net_dev;
+ struct my_priv /* device->local stuff */
+ /* the my_priv struct might contain a
+ struct concap_device_ops *dops;
+ to provide the device specific callbacks
+ */
+ struct concap_proto *cprot; /* callbacks provided by protocol */
+};
+
+
+
+Misc Thoughts
+=============
+
+The concept of the concap proto might help to reuse protocol code and
+reduce the complexity of certain network interface implementations.
+The trade off is that it introduces yet another procedure call layer
+when processing the protocol. This has of course some impact on
+performance. However, typically the concap interface will be used by
+devices attached to slow lines (like telephone, isdn, leased synchronous
+lines). For such slow lines, the overhead is probably negligible.
+This might no longer hold for certain high speed WAN links (like
+ATM).
+
+
+If general linux network interfaces explicitly supported concap
+protocols (e.g. by a member struct concap_proto* in struct net_device)
+then the interface of the service function could be changed
+by passing a pointer of type (struct net_device*) instead of
+type (struct concap_proto*). Doing so would make many of the service
+functions compatible to network device support functions.
+
+e.g. instead of the concap protocol's service function
+
+ int (*encap_and_xmit)(struct concap_proto *cprot, struct sk_buff *skb);
+
+we could have
+
+ int (*encap_and_xmit)(struct net_device *ndev, struct sk_buff *skb);
+
+As this is compatible to the dev->hard_start_xmit() method, the device
+driver could directly register the concap protocol's encap_and_xmit()
+function as its hard_start_xmit() method. This would eliminate one
+procedure call layer.
+
+
+The device's data request function could also be defined as
+
+ int (*data_req)(struct net_device *ndev, struct sk_buff *skb);
+
+This might even allow for some protocol stacking. And the network
+interface might even register the same data_req() function directly
+as its hard_start_xmit() method when a zero layer encapsulation
+protocol is configured. Thus, eliminating the performance penalty
+of the concap interface when a trivial concap protocol is used.
+Nevertheless, the device remains able to support encapsulation
+protocol configuration.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.diversion b/Documentation/isdn/README.diversion
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..bddcd5fb86f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.diversion
@@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
+The isdn diversion services are a supporting module working together with
+the isdn4linux and the HiSax module for passive cards.
+Active cards, TAs and cards using a own or other driver than the HiSax
+module need to be adapted to the HL<->LL interface described in a separate
+document. The diversion services may be used with all cards supported by
+the HiSax driver.
+The diversion kernel interface and controlling tool divertctrl were written
+by Werner Cornelius (werner@isdn4linux.de or werner@titro.de) under the
+GNU General Public License.
+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ (at your option) any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+
+Table of contents
+=================
+
+1. Features of the i4l diversion services
+ (Or what can the i4l diversion services do for me)
+
+2. Required hard- and software
+
+3. Compiling, installing and loading/unloading the module
+ Tracing calling and diversion information
+
+4. Tracing calling and diversion information
+
+5. Format of the divert device ASCII output
+
+
+1. Features of the i4l diversion services
+ (Or what can the i4l diversion services do for me)
+
+ The i4l diversion services offers call forwarding and logging normally
+ only supported by isdn phones. Incoming calls may be diverted
+ unconditionally (CFU), when not reachable (CFNR) or on busy condition
+ (CFB).
+ The diversions may be invoked statically in the providers exchange
+ as normally done by isdn phones. In this case all incoming calls
+ with a special (or all) service identifiers are forwarded if the
+ forwarding reason is met. Activated static services may also be
+ interrogated (queried).
+ The i4l diversion services additionally offers a dynamic version of
+ call forwarding which is not preprogrammed inside the providers exchange
+ but dynamically activated by i4l.
+ In this case all incoming calls are checked by rules that may be
+ compared to the mechanism of ipfwadm or ipchains. If a given rule matches
+ the checking process is finished and the rule matching will be applied
+ to the call.
+ The rules include primary and secondary service identifiers, called
+ number and subaddress, callers number and subaddress and whether the rule
+ matches to all filtered calls or only those when all B-channel resources
+ are exhausted.
+ Actions that may be invoked by a rule are ignore, proceed, reject,
+ direct divert or delayed divert of a call.
+ All incoming calls matching a rule except the ignore rule a reported and
+ logged as ASCII via the proc filesystem (/proc/net/isdn/divert). If proceed
+ is selected the call will be held in a proceeding state (without ringing)
+ for a certain amount of time to let an external program or client decide
+ how to handle the call.
+
+
+2. Required hard- and software
+
+ For using the i4l diversion services the isdn line must be of a EURO/DSS1
+ type. Additionally the i4l services only work together with the HiSax
+ driver for passive isdn cards. All HiSax supported cards may be used for
+ the diversion purposes.
+ The static diversion services require the provider having static services
+ CFU, CFNR, CFB activated on an MSN-line. The static services may not be
+ used on a point-to-point connection. Further the static services are only
+ available in some countries (for example germany). Countries requiring the
+ keypad protocol for activating static diversions (like the netherlands) are
+ not supported but may use the tty devices for this purpose.
+ The dynamic diversion services may be used in all countries if the provider
+ enables the feature CF (call forwarding). This should work on both MSN- and
+ point-to-point lines.
+ To add and delete rules the additional divertctrl program is needed. This
+ program is part of the isdn4kutils package.
+
+3. Compiling, installing and loading/unloading the module
+ Tracing calling and diversion information
+
+
+ To compile the i4l code with diversion support you need to say yes to the
+ DSS1 diversion services when selecting the i4l options in the kernel
+ config (menuconfig or config).
+ After having properly activated a make modules and make modules_install all
+ required modules will be correctly installed in the needed modules dirs.
+ As the diversion services are currently not included in the scripts of most
+ standard distributions you will have to add a "insmod dss1_divert" after
+ having loaded the global isdn module.
+ The module can be loaded without any command line parameters.
+ If the module is actually loaded and active may be checked with a
+ "cat /proc/modules" or "ls /proc/net/isdn/divert". The divert file is
+ dynamically created by the diversion module and removed when the module is
+ unloaded.
+
+
+4. Tracing calling and diversion information
+
+ You also may put a "cat /proc/net/isdn/divert" in the background with the
+ output redirected to a file. Then all actions of the module are logged.
+ The divert file in the proc system may be opened more than once, so in
+ conjunction with inetd and a small remote client on other machines inside
+ your network incoming calls and reactions by the module may be shown on
+ every listening machine.
+ If a call is reported as proceeding an external program or client may
+ specify during a certain amount of time (normally 4 to 10 seconds) what
+ to do with that call.
+ To unload the module all open files to the device in the proc system must
+ be closed. Otherwise the module (and isdn.o) may not be unloaded.
+
+5. Format of the divert device ASCII output
+
+ To be done later
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.fax b/Documentation/isdn/README.fax
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..5314958a8a6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.fax
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+
+Fax with isdn4linux
+===================
+
+When enabled during kernel configuration, the tty emulator
+of the ISDN subsystem is capable of the Fax Class 2 commands.
+
+This only makes sense under the following conditions :
+
+- You need the commands as dummy, because you are using
+ hylafax (with patch) for AVM capi.
+- You want to use the fax capabilities of your isdn-card.
+ (supported cards are listed below)
+
+
+NOTE: This implementation does *not* support fax with passive
+ ISDN-cards (known as softfax). The low-level driver of
+ the ISDN-card and/or the card itself must support this.
+
+
+Supported ISDN-Cards
+--------------------
+
+Eicon DIVA Server BRI/PCI
+ - full support with both B-channels.
+
+Eicon DIVA Server 4BRI/PCI
+ - full support with all B-channels.
+
+Eicon DIVA Server PRI/PCI
+ - full support on amount of B-channels
+ depending on DSPs on board.
+
+
+
+The command set is known as Class 2 (not Class 2.0) and
+can be activated by AT+FCLASS=2
+
+
+The interface between the link-level-module and the hardware-level driver
+is described in the files INTERFACE.fax and INTERFACE.
+
+Armin
+mac@melware.de
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.hfc-pci b/Documentation/isdn/README.hfc-pci
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e8a4ef0226e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.hfc-pci
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+The driver for the HFC-PCI and HFC-PCI-A chips from CCD may be used
+for many OEM cards using this chips.
+Additionally the driver has a special feature which makes it possible
+to read the echo-channel of the isdn bus. So all frames in both directions
+may be logged.
+When the echo logging feature is used the number of available B-channels
+for a HFC-PCI card is reduced to 1. Of course this is only relevant to
+the card, not to the isdn line.
+To activate the echo mode the following ioctls must be entered:
+
+hisaxctrl <driver/cardname> 10 1
+
+This reduces the available channels to 1. There must not be open connections
+through this card when entering the command.
+And then:
+
+hisaxctrl <driver/cardname> 12 1
+
+This enables the echo mode. If Hex logging is activated the isdnctrlx
+devices show a output with a line beginning of HEX: for the providers
+exchange and ECHO: for isdn devices sending to the provider.
+
+If more than one HFC-PCI cards are installed, a specific card may be selected
+at the hisax module load command line. Supply the load command with the desired
+IO-address of the desired card.
+Example:
+There tree cards installed in your machine at IO-base addresses 0xd000, 0xd400
+and 0xdc00
+If you want to use the card at 0xd400 standalone you should supply the insmod
+or depmod with type=35 io=0xd400.
+If you want to use all three cards, but the order needs to be at 0xdc00,0xd400,
+0xd000 you may give the parameters type=35,35,35 io=0xdc00,0xd400,0xd00
+Then the desired card will be the initialised in the desired order.
+If the io parameter is used the io addresses of all used cards should be
+supplied else the parameter is assumed 0 and a auto search for a free card is
+invoked which may not give the wanted result.
+
+Comments and reports to werner@isdn4linux.de or werner@isdn-development.de
+
+
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.hysdn b/Documentation/isdn/README.hysdn
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..56cc59df1fb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.hysdn
@@ -0,0 +1,195 @@
+$Id: README.hysdn,v 1.3.6.1 2001/02/10 14:41:19 kai Exp $
+The hysdn driver has been written by
+by Werner Cornelius (werner@isdn4linux.de or werner@titro.de)
+for Hypercope GmbH Aachen Germany. Hypercope agreed to publish this driver
+under the GNU General Public License.
+
+The CAPI 2.0-support was added by Ulrich Albrecht (ualbrecht@hypercope.de)
+for Hypercope GmbH Aachen, Germany.
+
+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ (at your option) any later version.
+
+ This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+ You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
+
+Table of contents
+=================
+
+1. About the driver
+
+2. Loading/Unloading the driver
+
+3. Entries in the /proc filesystem
+
+4. The /proc/net/hysdn/cardconfX file
+
+5. The /proc/net/hysdn/cardlogX file
+
+6. Where to get additional info and help
+
+
+1. About the driver
+
+ The drivers/isdn/hysdn subdir contains a driver for HYPERCOPEs active
+ PCI isdn cards Champ, Ergo and Metro. To enable support for this cards
+ enable ISDN support in the kernel config and support for HYSDN cards in
+ the active cards submenu. The driver may only be compiled and used if
+ support for loadable modules and the process filesystem have been enabled.
+
+ These cards provide two different interfaces to the kernel. Without the
+ optional CAPI 2.0 support, they register as ethernet card. IP-routing
+ to a ISDN-destination is performed on the card itself. All necessary
+ handlers for various protocols like ppp and others as well as config info
+ and firmware may be fetched from Hypercopes WWW-Site www.hypercope.de.
+
+ With CAPI 2.0 support enabled, the card can also be used as a CAPI 2.0
+ compliant devices with either CAPI 2.0 applications
+ (check isdn4k-utils) or -using the capidrv module- as a regular
+ isdn4linux device. This is done via the same mechanism as with the
+ active AVM cards and in fact uses the same module.
+
+
+2. Loading/Unloading the driver
+
+ The module has no command line parameters and auto detects up to 10 cards
+ in the id-range 0-9.
+ If a loaded driver shall be unloaded all open files in the /proc/net/hysdn
+ subdir need to be closed and all ethernet interfaces allocated by this
+ driver must be shut down. Otherwise the module counter will avoid a module
+ unload.
+
+ If you are using the CAPI 2.0-interface, make sure to load/modprobe the
+ kernelcapi-module first.
+
+ If you plan to use the capidrv-link to isdn4linux, make sure to load
+ capidrv.o after all modules using this driver (i.e. after hysdn and
+ any avm-specific modules).
+
+3. Entries in the /proc filesystem
+
+ When the module has been loaded it adds the directory hysdn in the
+ /proc/net tree. This directory contains exactly 2 file entries for each
+ card. One is called cardconfX and the other cardlogX, where X is the
+ card id number from 0 to 9.
+ The cards are numbered in the order found in the PCI config data.
+
+4. The /proc/net/hysdn/cardconfX file
+
+ This file may be read to get by everyone to get info about the cards type,
+ actual state, available features and used resources.
+ The first 3 entries (id, bus and slot) are PCI info fields, the following
+ type field gives the information about the cards type:
+
+ 4 -> Ergo card (server card with 2 b-chans)
+ 5 -> Metro card (server card with 4 or 8 b-chans)
+ 6 -> Champ card (client card with 2 b-chans)
+
+ The following 3 fields show the hardware assignments for irq, iobase and the
+ dual ported memory (dp-mem).
+ The fields b-chans and fax-chans announce the available card resources of
+ this types for the user.
+ The state variable indicates the actual drivers state for this card with the
+ following assignments.
+
+ 0 -> card has not been booted since driver load
+ 1 -> card booting is actually in progess
+ 2 -> card is in an error state due to a previous boot failure
+ 3 -> card is booted and active
+
+ And the last field (device) shows the name of the ethernet device assigned
+ to this card. Up to the first successful boot this field only shows a -
+ to tell that no net device has been allocated up to now. Once a net device
+ has been allocated it remains assigned to this card, even if a card is
+ rebooted and an boot error occurs.
+
+ Writing to the cardconfX file boots the card or transfers config lines to
+ the cards firmware. The type of data is automatically detected when the
+ first data is written. Only root has write access to this file.
+ The firmware boot files are normally called hyclient.pof for client cards
+ and hyserver.pof for server cards.
+ After successfully writing the boot file, complete config files or single
+ config lines may be copied to this file.
+ If an error occurs the return value given to the writing process has the
+ following additional codes (decimal):
+
+ 1000 Another process is currently bootng the card
+ 1001 Invalid firmware header
+ 1002 Boards dual-port RAM test failed
+ 1003 Internal firmware handler error
+ 1004 Boot image size invalid
+ 1005 First boot stage (bootstrap loader) failed
+ 1006 Second boot stage failure
+ 1007 Timeout waiting for card ready during boot
+ 1008 Operation only allowed in booted state
+ 1009 Config line too long
+ 1010 Invalid channel number
+ 1011 Timeout sending config data
+
+ Additional info about error reasons may be fetched from the log output.
+
+5. The /proc/net/hysdn/cardlogX file
+
+ The cardlogX file entry may be opened multiple for reading by everyone to
+ get the cards and drivers log data. Card messages always start with the
+ keyword LOG. All other lines are output from the driver.
+ The driver log data may be redirected to the syslog by selecting the
+ appropriate bitmask. The cards log messages will always be send to this
+ interface but never to the syslog.
+
+ A root user may write a decimal or hex (with 0x) value t this file to select
+ desired output options. As mentioned above the cards log dat is always
+ written to the cardlog file independent of the following options only used
+ to check and debug the driver itself:
+
+ For example:
+ echo "0x34560078" > /proc/net/hysdn/cardlog0
+ to output the hex log mask 34560078 for card 0.
+
+ The written value is regarded as an unsigned 32-Bit value, bit ored for
+ desired output. The following bits are already assigned:
+
+ 0x80000000 All driver log data is alternatively via syslog
+ 0x00000001 Log memory allocation errors
+ 0x00000010 Firmware load start and close are logged
+ 0x00000020 Log firmware record parser
+ 0x00000040 Log every firmware write actions
+ 0x00000080 Log all card related boot messages
+ 0x00000100 Output all config data sent for debugging purposes
+ 0x00000200 Only non comment config lines are shown wth channel
+ 0x00000400 Additional conf log output
+ 0x00001000 Log the asynchronous scheduler actions (config and log)
+ 0x00100000 Log all open and close actions to /proc/net/hysdn/card files
+ 0x00200000 Log all actions from /proc file entries
+ 0x00010000 Log network interface init and deinit
+
+6. Where to get additional info and help
+
+ If you have any problems concerning the driver or configuration contact
+ the Hypercope support team (support@hypercope.de) and or the authors
+ Werner Cornelius (werner@isdn4linux or cornelius@titro.de) or
+ Ulrich Albrecht (ualbrecht@hypercope.de).
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.icn b/Documentation/isdn/README.icn
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..a5f55eadb3c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.icn
@@ -0,0 +1,148 @@
+$Id: README.icn,v 1.7 2000/08/06 09:22:51 armin Exp $
+
+You can get the ICN-ISDN-card from:
+
+Thinking Objects Software GmbH
+Versbacher Röthe 159
+97078 Würzburg
+Tel: +49 931 2877950
+Fax: +49 931 2877951
+
+email info@think.de
+WWW http:/www.think.de
+
+
+The card communicates with the PC by two interfaces:
+ 1. A range of 4 successive port-addresses, whose base address can be
+ configured with the switches.
+ 2. A memory window with 16KB-256KB size, which can be setup in 16k steps
+ over the whole range of 16MB. Isdn4linux only uses a 16k window.
+ The base address of the window can be configured when loading
+ the lowlevel-module (see README). If using more than one card,
+ all cards are mapped to the same window and activated as needed.
+
+Setting up the IO-address dipswitches for the ICN-ISDN-card:
+
+ Two types of cards exist, one with dip-switches and one with
+ hook-switches.
+
+ 1. Setting for the card with hook-switches:
+
+ (0 = switch closed, 1 = switch open)
+
+ S3 S2 S1 Base-address
+ 0 0 0 0x300
+ 0 0 1 0x310
+ 0 1 0 0x320 (Default for isdn4linux)
+ 0 1 1 0x330
+ 1 0 0 0x340
+ 1 0 1 0x350
+ 1 1 0 0x360
+ 1 1 1 NOT ALLOWED!
+
+ 2. Setting for the card with dip-switches:
+
+ (0 = switch closed, 1 = switch open)
+
+ S1 S2 S3 S4 Base-Address
+ 0 0 0 0 0x300
+ 0 0 0 1 0x310
+ 0 0 1 0 0x320 (Default for isdn4linux)
+ 0 0 1 1 0x330
+ 0 1 0 0 0x340
+ 0 1 0 1 0x350
+ 0 1 1 0 0x360
+ 0 1 1 1 NOT ALLOWED!
+ 1 0 0 0 0x308
+ 1 0 0 1 0x318
+ 1 0 1 0 0x328
+ 1 0 1 1 0x338
+ 1 1 0 0 0x348
+ 1 1 0 1 0x358
+ 1 1 1 0 0x368
+ 1 1 1 1 NOT ALLOWED!
+
+The ICN driver may be built into the kernel or as a module. Initialization
+depends on how the driver is built:
+
+Driver built into the kernel:
+
+ The ICN driver can be configured using the commandline-feature while
+ loading the kernel with LILO or LOADLIN. It accepts the following syntax:
+
+ icn=p,m[,idstring1[,idstring2]]
+
+ where
+
+ p = portbase (default: 0x320)
+ m = shared memory (default: 0xd0000)
+
+ When using the ICN double card (4B), you MUST define TWO idstrings.
+ idstring must start with a character! There is no way for the driver
+ to distinguish between a 2B and 4B type card. Therefore, by supplying
+ TWO idstrings, you tell the driver that you have a 4B installed.
+
+ If you like to use more than one card, you can use the program
+ "icnctrl" from the utility-package to configure additional cards.
+ You need to configure shared memory only once, since the icn-driver
+ maps all cards into the same address-space.
+
+ Using the "icnctrl"-utility, portbase and shared memory can also be
+ changed during runtime.
+
+ The D-channel protocol is configured by loading different firmware
+ into the card's memory using the "icnctrl"-utility.
+
+
+Driver built as module:
+
+ The module icn.o can be configured during "insmod'ing" it by
+ appending its parameters to the insmod-commandline. The following
+ syntax is accepted:
+
+ portbase=p membase=m icn_id=idstring [icn_id2=idstring2]
+
+ where p, m, idstring1 and idstring2 have the same meanings as the
+ parameters described for the kernel-version above.
+
+ When using the ICN double card (4B), you MUST define TWO idstrings.
+ idstring must start with a character! There is no way for the driver
+ to distinguish between a 2B and 4B type card. Therefore, by supplying
+ TWO idstrings, you tell the driver that you have a 4B installed.
+
+ Using the "icnctrl"-utility, the same features apply to the modularized
+ version like to the kernel-builtin one.
+
+ The D-channel protocol is configured by loading different firmware
+ into the card's memory using the "icnctrl"-utility.
+
+Loading the firmware into the card:
+
+ The firmware is supplied together with the isdn4k-utils package. It
+ can be found in the subdirectory icnctrl/firmware/
+
+ There are 3 files:
+
+ loadpg.bin - Image of the bootstrap loader.
+ pc_1t_ca.bin - Image of firmware for german 1TR6 protocol.
+ pc_eu_ca.bin - Image if firmware for EDSS1 (Euro-ISDN) protocol.
+
+ Assuming you have installed the utility-package correctly, the firmware
+ will be downloaded into the 2B-card using the following command:
+
+ icnctrl -d Idstring load /etc/isdn/loadpg.bin /etc/isdn/pc_XX_ca.bin
+
+ where XX is either "1t" or "eu", depending on the D-Channel protocol
+ used on your S0-bus and Idstring is the Name of the card, given during
+ insmod-time or (for kernel-builtin driver) on the kernel commandline.
+
+ To load a 4B-card, the same command is used, except a second firmware
+ file is appended to the commandline of icnctrl.
+
+ -> After downloading firmware, the two LEDs at the back cover of the card
+ (ICN-4B: 4 LEDs) must be blinking intermittently now. If a connection
+ is up, the corresponding led is lit continuously.
+
+ For further documentation (adding more ICN-cards), refer to the manpage
+ icnctrl.8 which is included in the isdn4k-utils package.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.pcbit b/Documentation/isdn/README.pcbit
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..5125002282e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.pcbit
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+ README file for the PCBIT-D Device Driver.
+------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+The PCBIT is a Euro ISDN adapter manufactured in Portugal by Octal and
+developed in cooperation with Portugal Telecom and Inesc.
+The driver interfaces with the standard kernel isdn facilities
+originally developed by Fritz Elfert in the isdn4linux project.
+
+The common versions of the pcbit board require a firmware that is
+distributed (and copyrighted) by the manufacturer. To load this
+firmware you need "pcbitctl" available on the standard isdn4k-utils
+package or in the pcbit package available in:
+
+ftp://ftp.di.fc.ul.pt/pub/systems/Linux/isdn
+
+Known Limitations:
+
+- The board reset procedure is at the moment incorrect and will only
+allow you to load the firmware after a hard reset.
+
+- Only HDLC in B-channels is supported at the moment. There is no
+current support for X.25 in B or D channels nor LAPD in B
+channels. The main reason is that these two other protocol modes have,
+to my knowledge, very little use. If you want to see them implemented
+*do* send me a mail.
+
+- The driver often triggers errors in the board that I and the
+manufacturer believe to be caused by bugs in the firmware. The current
+version includes several procedures for error recovery that should
+allow normal operation. Plans for the future include cooperation with
+the manufacturer in order to solve this problem.
+
+Information/hints/help can be obtained in the linux isdn
+mailing list (isdn4linux@listserv.isdn4linux.de) or directly from me.
+
+regards,
+ Pedro.
+
+<roque@di.fc.ul.pt>
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.sc b/Documentation/isdn/README.sc
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..1153cd92605
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.sc
@@ -0,0 +1,281 @@
+Welcome to Beta Release 2 of the combination ISDN driver for SpellCaster's
+ISA ISDN adapters. Please note this release 2 includes support for the
+DataCommute/BRI and TeleCommute/BRI adapters only and any other use is
+guaranteed to fail. If you have a DataCommute/PRI installed in the test
+computer, we recommend removing it as it will be detected but will not
+be usable. To see what we have done to Beta Release 2, see section 3.
+
+Speaking of guarantees, THIS IS BETA SOFTWARE and as such contains
+bugs and defects either known or unknown. Use this software at your own
+risk. There is NO SUPPORT for this software. Some help may be available
+through the web site or the mailing list but such support is totally at
+our own option and without warranty. If you choose to assume all and
+total risk by using this driver, we encourage you to join the beta
+mailing list.
+
+To join the Linux beta mailing list, send a message to:
+majordomo@spellcast.com with the words "subscribe linux-beta" as the only
+contents of the message. Do not include a signature. If you choose to
+remove yourself from this list at a later date, send another message to
+the same address with the words "unsubscribe linux-beta" as its only
+contents.
+
+TABLE OF CONTENTS
+-----------------
+ 1. Introduction
+ 1.1 What is ISDN4Linux?
+ 1.2 What is different between this driver and previous drivers?
+ 1.3 How do I setup my system with the correct software to use
+ this driver release?
+
+ 2. Basic Operations
+ 2.1 Unpacking and installing the driver
+ 2.2 Read the man pages!!!
+ 2.3 Installing the driver
+ 2.4 Removing the driver
+ 2.5 What to do if it doesn't load
+ 2.6 How to setup ISDN4Linux with the driver
+
+ 3. Beta Change Summaries and Miscellaneous Notes
+
+1. Introduction
+---------------
+
+The revision 2 Linux driver for SpellCaster ISA ISDN adapters is built
+upon ISDN4Linux available separately or as included in Linux 2.0 and later.
+The driver will support a maximum of 4 adapters in any one system of any
+type including DataCommute/BRI, DataCommute/PRI and TeleCommute/BRI for a
+maximum of 92 channels for host. The driver is supplied as a module in
+source form and needs to be complied before it can be used. It has been
+tested on Linux 2.0.20.
+
+1.1 What Is ISDN4Linux
+
+ISDN4Linux is a driver and set of tools used to access and use ISDN devices
+on a Linux platform in a common and standard way. It supports HDLC and PPP
+protocols and offers channel bundling and MLPPP support. To use ISDN4Linux
+you need to configure your kernel for ISDN support and get the ISDN4Linux
+tool kit from our web site.
+
+ISDN4Linux creates a channel pool from all of the available ISDN channels
+and therefore can function across adapters. When an ISDN4Linux compliant
+driver (such as ours) is loaded, all of the channels go into a pool and
+are used on a first-come first-served basis. In addition, individual
+channels can be specifically bound to particular interfaces.
+
+1.2 What is different between this driver and previous drivers?
+
+The revision 2 driver besides adopting the ISDN4Linux architecture has many
+subtle and not so subtle functional differences from previous releases. These
+include:
+ - More efficient shared memory management combined with a simpler
+ configuration. All adapters now use only 16Kbytes of shared RAM
+ versus between 16K and 64K. New methods for using the shared RAM
+ allow us to utilize all of the available RAM on the adapter through
+ only one 16K page.
+ - Better detection of available upper memory. The probing routines
+ have been improved to better detect available shared RAM pages and
+ used pages are now locked.
+ - Decreased loading time and a wider range of I/O ports probed.
+ We have significantly reduced the amount of time it takes to load
+ the driver and at the same time doubled the number of I/O ports
+ probed increasing the likelihood of finding an adapter.
+ - We now support all ISA adapter models with a single driver instead
+ of separate drivers for each model. The revision 2 driver supports
+ the DataCommute/BRI, DataCommute/PRI and TeleCommute/BRI in any
+ combination up to a maximum of four adapters per system.
+ - On board PPP protocol support has been removed in favour of the
+ sync-PPP support used in ISDN4Linux. This means more control of
+ the protocol parameters, faster negotiation time and a more
+ familiar interface.
+
+1.3 How do I setup my system with the correct software to use
+ this driver release?
+
+Before you can compile, install and use the SpellCaster ISA ISDN driver, you
+must ensure that the following software is installed, configured and running:
+
+ - Linux kernel 2.0.20 or later with the required init and ps
+ versions. Please see your distribution vendor for the correct
+ utility packages. The latest kernel is available from
+ ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/kernel/v2.0/
+
+ - The latest modules package (modules-2.0.0.tar.gz) from
+ ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/kernel/modules-2.0.0.tar.gz
+
+ - The ISDN4Linux tools available from
+ ftp://ftp.franken.de/pub/isdn4linux/v2.0/isdn4k-utils-2.0.tar.gz
+ This package may fail to compile for you so you can alternatively
+ get a pre-compiled version from
+ ftp://ftp.spellcast.com/pub/drivers/isdn4linux/isdn4k-bin-2.0.tar.gz
+
+
+2. Basic Operations
+-------------------
+
+2.1 Unpacking and installing the driver
+
+ 1. As root, create a directory in a convenient place. We suggest
+ /usr/src/spellcaster.
+
+ 2. Unpack the archive with :
+ tar xzf sc-n.nn.tar.gz -C /usr/src/spellcaster
+
+ 3. Change directory to /usr/src/spellcaster
+
+ 4. Read the README and RELNOTES files.
+
+ 5. Run 'make' and if all goes well, run 'make install'.
+
+2.2 Read the man pages!!!
+
+Make sure you read the scctrl(8) and sc(4) manual pages before continuing
+any further. Type 'man 8 scctrl' and 'man 4 sc'.
+
+2.3 Installing the driver
+
+To install the driver, type '/sbin/insmod sc' as root. sc(4) details options
+you can specify but you shouldn't need to use any unless this doesn't work.
+
+Make sure the driver loaded and detected all of the adapters by typing
+'dmesg'.
+
+The driver can be configured so that it is loaded upon startup. To do this,
+edit the file "/etc/modules/'uname -f'/'uname -v'" and insert the driver name
+"sc" into this file.
+
+2.4 Removing the driver
+
+To remove the driver, delete any interfaces that may exist (see isdnctrl(8)
+for more on this) and then type '/sbin/rmmod sc'.
+
+2.5 What to do if it doesn't load
+
+If, when you try to install the driver, you get a message mentioning
+'register_isdn' then you do not have the ISDN4Linux system installed. Please
+make sure that ISDN support is configured in the kernel.
+
+If you get a message that says 'initialization of sc failed', then the
+driver failed to detect an adapter or failed to find resources needed such
+as a free IRQ line or shared memory segment. If you are sure there are free
+resources available, use the insmod options detailed in sc(4) to override
+the probing function.
+
+Upon testing, the following problem was noted, the driver would load without
+problems, but the board would not respond beyond that point. When a check was
+done with 'cat /proc/interrupts' the interrupt count for sc was 0. In the event
+of this problem, change the BIOS settings so that the interrupts in question are
+reserved for ISA use only.
+
+
+2.6 How to setup ISDN4Linux with the driver
+
+There are three main configurations which you can use with the driver:
+
+A) Basic HDLC connection
+B) PPP connection
+C) MLPPP connection
+
+It should be mentioned here that you may also use a tty connection if you
+desire. The Documentation directory of the isdn4linux subsystem offers good
+documentation on this feature.
+
+A) 10 steps to the establishment of a basic HDLC connection
+-----------------------------------------------------------
+
+- please open the isdn-hdlc file in the examples directory and follow along...
+
+ This file is a script used to configure a BRI ISDN TA to establish a
+ basic HDLC connection between its two channels. Two network
+ interfaces are created and two routes added between the channels.
+
+ i) using the isdnctrl utility, add an interface with "addif" and
+ name it "isdn0"
+ ii) add the outgoing and inbound telephone numbers
+ iii) set the Layer 2 protocol to hdlc
+ iv) set the eaz of the interface to be the phone number of that
+ specific channel
+ v) to turn the callback features off, set the callback to "off" and
+ the callback delay (cbdelay) to 0.
+ vi) the hangup timeout can be set to a specified number of seconds
+ vii) the hangup upon incoming call can be set on or off
+ viii) use the ifconfig command to bring up the network interface with
+ a specific IP address and point to point address
+ ix) add a route to the IP address through the isdn0 interface
+ x) a ping should result in the establishment of the connection
+
+
+B) Establishment of a PPP connection
+------------------------------------
+
+- please open the isdn-ppp file in the examples directory and follow along...
+
+ This file is a script used to configure a BRI ISDN TA to establish a
+ PPP connection between the two channels. The file is almost
+ identical to the HDLC connection example except that the packet
+ encapsulation type has to be set.
+
+ use the same procedure as in the HDLC connection from steps i) to
+ iii) then, after the Layer 2 protocol is set, set the encapsulation
+ "encap" to syncppp. With this done, the rest of the steps, iv) to x)
+ can be followed from above.
+
+ Then, the ipppd (ippp daemon) must be setup:
+
+ xi) use the ipppd function found in /sbin/ipppd to set the following:
+ xii) take out (minus) VJ compression and bsd compression
+ xiii) set the mru size to 2000
+ xiv) link the two /dev interfaces to the daemon
+
+NOTE: A "*" in the inbound telephone number specifies that a call can be
+accepted on any number.
+
+C) Establishment of a MLPPP connection
+--------------------------------------
+
+- please open the isdn-mppp file in the examples directory and follow along...
+
+ This file is a script used to configure a BRI ISDN TA to accept a
+ Multi Link PPP connection.
+
+ i) using the isdnctrl utility, add an interface with "addif" and
+ name it "ippp0"
+ ii) add the inbound telephone number
+ iii) set the Layer 2 protocol to hdlc and the Layer 3 protocol to
+ trans (transparent)
+ iv) set the packet encapsulation to syncppp
+ v) set the eaz of the interface to be the phone number of that
+ specific channel
+ vi) to turn the callback features off, set the callback to "off" and
+ the callback delay (cbdelay) to 0.
+ vi) the hangup timeout can be set to a specified number of seconds
+ vii) the hangup upon incoming call can be set on or off
+ viii) add a slave interface and name it "ippp32" for example
+ ix) set the similar parameters for the ippp32 interface
+ x) use the ifconfig command to bring-up the ippp0 interface with a
+ specific IP address and point to point address
+ xi) add a route to the IP address through the ippp0 interface
+ xii) use the ipppd function found in /sbin/ipppd to set the following:
+ xiii) take out (minus) bsd compression
+ xiv) set the mru size to 2000
+ xv) add (+) the multi-link function "+mp"
+ xvi) link the two /dev interfaces to the daemon
+
+NOTE: To use the MLPPP connection to dial OUT to a MLPPP connection, change
+the inbound telephone numbers to the outgoing telephone numbers of the MLPPP
+host.
+
+
+3. Beta Change Summaries and Miscellaneous Notes
+------------------------------------------------
+When using the "scctrl" utility to upload firmware revisions on the board,
+please note that the byte count displayed at the end of the operation may be
+different from the total number of bytes in the "dcbfwn.nn.sr" file. Please
+disregard the displayed byte count.
+
+It was noted that in Beta Release 1, the module would fail to load and result
+in a segmentation fault when 'insmod'ed. This problem was created when one of
+the isdn4linux parameters, (isdn_ctrl, data field) was filled in. In some
+cases, this data field was NULL, and was left unchecked, so when it was
+referenced... segv. The bug has been fixed around line 63-68 of event.c.
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.syncppp b/Documentation/isdn/README.syncppp
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..27d260095cc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.syncppp
@@ -0,0 +1,58 @@
+Some additional information for setting up a syncPPP
+connection using network interfaces.
+---------------------------------------------------------------
+
+You need one thing beside the isdn4linux package:
+
+ a patched pppd .. (I called it ipppd to show the difference)
+
+Compiling isdn4linux with sync PPP:
+-----------------------------------
+To compile isdn4linux with the sync PPP part, you have
+to answer the appropriate question when doing a "make config"
+Don't forget to load the slhc.o
+module before the isdn.o module, if VJ-compression support
+is not compiled into your kernel. (e.g if you have no PPP or
+CSLIP in the kernel)
+
+Using isdn4linux with sync PPP:
+-------------------------------
+Sync PPP is just another encapsulation for isdn4linux. The
+name to enable sync PPP encapsulation is 'syncppp' .. e.g:
+
+ /sbin/isdnctrl encap ippp0 syncppp
+
+The name of the interface is here 'ippp0'. You need
+one interface with the name 'ippp0' to saturate the
+ipppd, which checks the ppp version via this interface.
+Currently, all devices must have the name ipppX where
+'X' is a decimal value.
+
+To set up a PPP connection you need the ipppd .. You must start
+the ipppd once after installing the modules. The ipppd
+communicates with the isdn4linux link-level driver using the
+/dev/ippp0 to /dev/ippp15 devices. One ipppd can handle
+all devices at once. If you want to use two PPP connections
+at the same time, you have to connect the ipppd to two
+devices .. and so on.
+I've implemented one additional option for the ipppd:
+ 'useifip' will get (if set to not 0.0.0.0) the IP address
+ for the negotiation from the attached network-interface.
+(also: ipppd will try to negotiate pointopoint IP as remote IP)
+You must disable BSD-compression, this implementation can't
+handle compressed packets.
+
+Check the etc/rc.isdn.syncppp in the isdn4kernel-util package
+for an example setup script.
+
+To use the MPPP stuff, you must configure a slave device
+with isdn4linux. Now call the ipppd with the '+mp' option.
+To increase the number of links, you must use the
+'addlink' option of the isdnctrl tool. (rc.isdn.syncppp.MPPP is
+an example script)
+
+enjoy it,
+ michael
+
+
+
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/README.x25 b/Documentation/isdn/README.x25
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..e561a77c4e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/README.x25
@@ -0,0 +1,184 @@
+
+X.25 support within isdn4linux
+==============================
+
+This is alpha/beta test code. Use it completely at your own risk.
+As new versions appear, the stuff described here might suddenly change
+or become invalid without notice.
+
+Keep in mind:
+
+You are using several new parts of the 2.2.x kernel series which
+have not been tested in a large scale. Therefore, you might encounter
+more bugs as usual.
+
+- If you connect to an X.25 neighbour not operated by yourself, ASK the
+ other side first. Be prepared that bugs in the protocol implementation
+ might result in problems.
+
+- This implementation has never wiped out my whole hard disk yet. But as
+ this is experimental code, don't blame me if that happened to you.
+ Backing up important data will never harm.
+
+- Monitor your isdn connections while using this software. This should
+ prevent you from undesired phone bills in case of driver problems.
+
+
+
+
+How to configure the kernel
+===========================
+
+The ITU-T (former CCITT) X.25 network protocol layer has been implemented
+in the Linux source tree since version 2.1.16. The isdn subsystem might be
+useful to run X.25 on top of ISDN. If you want to try it, select
+
+ "CCITT X.25 Packet Layer"
+
+from the networking options as well as
+
+ "ISDN Support" and "X.25 PLP on Top of ISDN"
+
+from the ISDN subsystem options when you configure your kernel for
+compilation. You currently also need to enable
+"Prompt for development and/or incomplete code/drivers" from the
+"Code maturity level options" menu. For the x25trace utility to work
+you also need to enable "Packet socket".
+
+For local testing it is also recommended to enable the isdnloop driver
+from the isdn subsystem's configuration menu.
+
+For testing, it is recommended that all isdn drivers and the X.25 PLP
+protocol are compiled as loadable modules. Like this, you can recover
+from certain errors by simply unloading and reloading the modules.
+
+
+
+What's it for? How to use it?
+=============================
+
+X.25 on top of isdn might be useful with two different scenarios:
+
+- You might want to access a public X.25 data network from your Linux box.
+ You can use i4l if you were physically connected to the X.25 switch
+ by an ISDN B-channel (leased line as well as dial up connection should
+ work).
+
+ This corresponds to ITU-T recommendation X.31 Case A (circuit-mode
+ access to PSPDN [packet switched public data network]).
+
+ NOTE: X.31 also covers a Case B (access to PSPDN via virtual
+ circuit / packet mode service). The latter mode (which in theory
+ also allows using the D-channel) is not supported by isdn4linux.
+ It should however be possible to establish such packet mode connections
+ with certain active isdn cards provided that the firmware supports X.31
+ and the driver exports this functionality to the user. Currently,
+ the AVM B1 driver is the only driver which does so. (It should be
+ possible to access D-channel X.31 with active AVM cards using the
+ CAPI interface of the AVM-B1 driver).
+
+- Or you might want to operate certain ISDN teleservices on your linux
+ box. A lot of those teleservices run on top of the ISO-8208
+ (DTE-DTE mode) network layer protocol. ISO-8208 is essentially the
+ same as ITU-T X.25.
+
+ Popular candidates of such teleservices are EUROfile transfer or any
+ teleservice applying ITU-T recommendation T.90.
+
+To use the X.25 protocol on top of isdn, just create an isdn network
+interface as usual, configure your own and/or peer's ISDN numbers,
+and choose x25iface encapsulation by
+
+ isdnctrl encap <iface-name> x25iface.
+
+Once encap is set like this, the device can be used by the X.25 packet layer.
+
+All the stuff needed for X.25 is implemented inside the isdn link
+level (mainly isdn_net.c and some new source files). Thus, it should
+work with every existing HL driver. I was able to successfully open X.25
+connections on top of the isdnloop driver and the hisax driver.
+"x25iface"-encapsulation bypasses demand dialing. Dialing will be
+initiated when the upper (X.25 packet) layer requests the lapb datalink to
+be established. But hangup timeout is still active. Whenever a hangup
+occurs, all existing X.25 connections on that link will be cleared
+It is recommended to use sufficiently large hangup-timeouts for the
+isdn interfaces.
+
+
+In order to set up a conforming protocol stack you also need to
+specify the proper l2_prot parameter:
+
+To operate in ISO-8208 X.25 DTE-DTE mode, use
+
+ isdnctrl l2_prot <iface-name> x75i
+
+To access an X.25 network switch via isdn (your linux box is the DTE), use
+
+ isdnctrl l2_prot <iface-name> x25dte
+
+To mimic an X.25 network switch (DCE side of the connection), use
+
+ isdnctrl l2_prot <iface-name> x25dce
+
+However, x25dte or x25dce is currently not supported by any real HL
+level driver. The main difference between x75i and x25dte/dce is that
+x25d[tc]e uses fixed lap_b addresses. With x75i, the side which
+initiates the isdn connection uses the DTE's lap_b address while the
+called side used the DCE's lap_b address. Thus, l2_prot x75i might
+probably work if you access a public X.25 network as long as the
+corresponding isdn connection is set up by you. At least one test
+was successful to connect via isdn4linux to an X.25 switch using this
+trick. At the switch side, a terminal adapter X.21 was used to connect
+it to the isdn.
+
+
+How to set up a test installation?
+==================================
+
+To test X.25 on top of isdn, you need to get
+
+- a recent version of the "isdnctrl" program that supports setting the new
+ X.25 specific parameters.
+
+- the x25-utils-2.X package from
+ ftp://ftp.hes.iki.fi/pub/ham/linux/ax25/x25utils-*
+ (don't confuse the x25-utils with the ax25-utils)
+
+- an application program that uses linux PF_X25 sockets (some are
+ contained in the x25-util package).
+
+Before compiling the user level utilities make sure that the compiler/
+preprocessor will fetch the proper kernel header files of this kernel
+source tree. Either make /usr/include/linux a symbolic link pointing to
+this kernel's include/linux directory or set the appropriate compiler flags.
+
+When all drivers and interfaces are loaded and configured you need to
+ifconfig the network interfaces up and add X.25-routes to them. Use
+the usual ifconfig tool.
+
+ifconfig <iface-name> up
+
+But a special x25route tool (distributed with the x25-util package)
+is needed to set up X.25 routes. I.e.
+
+x25route add 01 <iface-name>
+
+will cause all x.25 connections to the destination X.25-address
+"01" to be routed to your created isdn network interface.
+
+There are currently no real X.25 applications available. However, for
+tests, the x25-utils package contains a modified version of telnet
+and telnetd that uses X.25 sockets instead of tcp/ip sockets. You can
+use those for your first tests. Furthermore, you might check
+ftp://ftp.hamburg.pop.de/pub/LOCAL/linux/i4l-eft/ which contains some
+alpha-test implementation ("eftp4linux") of the EUROfile transfer
+protocol.
+
+The scripts distributed with the eftp4linux test releases might also
+provide useful examples for setting up X.25 on top of isdn.
+
+The x25-utility package also contains an x25trace tool that can be
+used to monitor X.25 packets received by the network interfaces.
+The /proc/net/x25* files also contain useful information.
+
+- Henner
diff --git a/Documentation/isdn/syncPPP.FAQ b/Documentation/isdn/syncPPP.FAQ
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..3257a4bc078
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/isdn/syncPPP.FAQ
@@ -0,0 +1,224 @@
+simple isdn4linux PPP FAQ .. to be continued .. not 'debugged'
+-------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Q01: what's pppd, ipppd, syncPPP, asyncPPP ??
+Q02: error message "this system lacks PPP support"
+Q03: strange information using 'ifconfig'
+Q04: MPPP?? What's that and how can I use it ...
+Q05: I tried MPPP but it doesn't work
+Q06: can I use asynchronous PPP encapsulation with network devices
+Q07: A SunISDN machine can't connect to my i4l system
+Q08: I wanna talk to several machines, which need different configs
+Q09: Starting the ipppd, I get only error messages from i4l
+Q10: I wanna use dynamic IP address assignment
+Q11: I can't connect. How can I check where the problem is.
+Q12: How can I reduce login delay?
+
+-------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+Q01: pppd, ipppd, syncPPP, asyncPPP .. what is that ?
+ what should I use?
+A: The pppd is for asynchronous PPP .. asynchronous means
+ here, the framing is character based. (e.g when
+ using ttyI* or tty* devices)
+
+ The ipppd handles PPP packets coming in HDLC
+ frames (bit based protocol) ... The PPP driver
+ in isdn4linux pushes all IP packets direct
+ to the network layer and all PPP protocol
+ frames to the /dev/ippp* device.
+ So, the ipppd is a simple external network
+ protocol handler.
+
+ If you login into a remote machine using the
+ /dev/ttyI* devices and then enable PPP on the
+ remote terminal server -> use the 'old' pppd
+
+ If your remote side immediately starts to send
+ frames ... you probably connect to a
+ syncPPP machine .. use the network device part
+ of isdn4linux with the 'syncppp' encapsulation
+ and make sure, that the ipppd is running and
+ connected to at least one /dev/ippp*. Check the
+ isdn4linux manual on how to configure a network device.
+
+--
+
+Q02: when I start the ipppd .. I only get the
+ error message "this system lacks PPP support"
+A: check that at least the device 'ippp0' exists.
+ (you can check this e.g with the program 'ifconfig')
+ The ipppd NEEDS this device under THIS name ..
+ If this device doesn't exists, use:
+ isdnctrl addif ippp0
+ isdnctrl encap ippp0 syncppp
+ ... (see isdn4linux doc for more) ...
+A: Maybe you have compiled the ipppd with another
+ kernel source tree than the kernel you currently
+ run ...
+
+--
+
+Q03: when I list the netdevices with ifconfig I see, that
+ my ISDN interface has a HWaddr and IRQ=0 and Base
+ address = 0
+A: The device is a fake ethernet device .. ignore IRQ and baseaddr
+ You need the HWaddr only for ethernet encapsulation.
+
+--
+
+Q04: MPPP?? What's that and how can I use it ...
+
+A: MPPP or MP or MPP (Warning: MP is also an
+ acronym for 'Multi Processor') stands for
+ Multi Point to Point and means bundling
+ of several channels to one logical stream.
+ To enable MPPP negotiation you must call the
+ ipppd with the '+mp' option.
+ You must also configure a slave device for
+ every additional channel. (see the i4l manual
+ for more)
+ To use channel bundling you must first activate
+ the 'master' or initial call. Now you can add
+ the slave channels with the command:
+ isdnctrl addlink <device>
+ e.g:
+ isdnctrl addlink ippp0
+ This is different from other encapsulations of
+ isdn4linux! With syncPPP, there is no automatic
+ activation of slave devices.
+
+--
+
+Q05: I tried MPPP but it doesn't work .. the ipppd
+ writes in the debug log something like:
+ .. rcvd [0][proto=0x3d] c0 00 00 00 80 fd 01 01 00 0a ...
+ .. sent [0][LCP ProtRej id=0x2 00 3d c0 00 00 00 80 fd 01 ...
+
+A: you forgot to compile MPPP/RFC1717 support into the
+ ISDN Subsystem. Recompile with this option enabled.
+
+--
+
+Q06: can I use asynchronous PPP encapsulation
+ over the network interface of isdn4linux ..
+
+A: No .. that's not possible .. Use the standard
+ PPP package over the /dev/ttyI* devices. You
+ must not use the ipppd for this.
+
+--
+
+Q07: A SunISDN machine tries to connect my i4l system,
+ which doesn't work.
+ Checking the debug log I just saw garbage like:
+!![ ... fill in the line ... ]!!
+
+A: The Sun tries to talk asynchronous PPP ... i4l
+ can't understand this ... try to use the ttyI*
+ devices with the standard PPP/pppd package
+
+A: (from Alexanter Strauss: )
+!![ ... fill in mail ]!!
+
+--
+
+Q08: I wanna talk to remote machines, which need
+ a different configuration. The only way
+ I found to do this is to kill the ipppd and
+ start a new one with another config to connect
+ to the second machine.
+
+A: you must bind a network interface explicitly to
+ an ippp device, where you can connect a (for this
+ interface) individually configured ipppd.
+
+--
+
+Q09: When I start the ipppd I only get error messages
+ from the i4l driver ..
+
+A: When starting, the ipppd calls functions which may
+ trigger a network packet. (e.g gethostbyname()).
+ Without the ipppd (at this moment, it is not
+ fully started) we can't handle this network request.
+ Try to configure hostnames necessary for the ipppd
+ in your local /etc/hosts file or in a way, that
+ your system can resolve it without using an
+ isdn/ippp network-interface.
+
+--
+
+Q10: I wanna use dynamic IP address assignment ... How
+ must I configure the network device.
+
+A: At least you must have a route which forwards
+ a packet to the ippp network-interface to trigger
+ the dial-on-demand.
+ A default route to the ippp-interface will work.
+ Now you must choose a dummy IP address for your
+ interface.
+ If for some reason you can't set the default
+ route to the ippp interface, you may take any
+ address of the subnet from which you expect your
+ dynamic IP number and set a 'network route' for
+ this subnet to the ippp interface.
+ To allow overriding of the dummy address you
+ must call the ipppd with the 'ipcp-accept-local' option.
+
+A: You must know, how the ipppd gets the addresses it wanna
+ configure. If you don't give any option, the ipppd
+ tries to negotiate the local host address!
+ With the option 'noipdefault' it requests an address
+ from the remote machine. With 'useifip' it gets the
+ addresses from the net interface. Or you set the address
+ on the option line with the <a.b.c.d:e.f.g.h> option.
+ Note: the IP address of the remote machine must be configured
+ locally or the remote machine must send it in an IPCP request.
+ If your side doesn't know the IP address after negotiation, it
+ closes the connection!
+ You must allow overriding of address with the 'ipcp-accept-*'
+ options, if you have set your own or the remote address
+ explicitly.
+
+A: Maybe you try these options .. e.g:
+
+ /sbin/ipppd :$REMOTE noipdefault /dev/ippp0
+
+ where REMOTE must be the address of the remote machine (the
+ machine, which gives you your address)
+
+--
+
+Q11: I can't connect. How can I check where the problem is.
+
+A: A good help log is the debug output from the ipppd...
+ Check whether you can find there:
+ - only a few LCP-conf-req SENT messages (less then 10)
+ and then a Term-REQ:
+ -> check whether your ISDN card is well configured
+ it seems, that your machine doesn't dial
+ (IRQ,IO,Proto, etc problems)
+ Configure your ISDN card to print debug messages and
+ check the /dev/isdnctrl output next time. There
+ you can see, whether there is activity on the card/line.
+ - there are at least a few RECV messages in the log:
+ -> fine: your card is dialing and your remote machine
+ tries to talk with you. Maybe only a missing
+ authentication. Check your ipppd configuration again.
+ - the ipppd exits for some reason:
+ -> not good ... check /var/adm/syslog and /var/adm/daemon.
+ Could be a bug in the ipppd.
+
+--
+
+Q12: How can I reduce login delay?
+
+A: Log a login session ('debug' log) and check which options
+ your remote side rejects. Next time configure your ipppd
+ to not negotiate these options. Another 'side effect' is, that
+ this increases redundancy. (e.g your remote side is buggy and
+ rejects options in a wrong way).
+
+
+