path: root/Documentation/hid
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authorsrinivas pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@intel.com>2012-09-05 13:56:00 +0100
committerJonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>2012-09-06 19:11:04 +0100
commit620c789263cdcbb507f332b89beda6a40b82daaf (patch)
treee2c9f171eb205224dd9263a9276a4034f204e210 /Documentation/hid
parent7c9ab035acb4088dbbf1fec2f478a3a9e47ba15b (diff)
HID: sensors: add documentation
Added a summary of HID sensor framework. Signed-off-by: srinivas pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
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+HID Sensors Framework
+HID sensor framework provides necessary interfaces to implement sensor drivers,
+which are connected to a sensor hub. The sensor hub is a HID device and it provides
+a report descriptor conforming to HID 1.12 sensor usage tables.
+Description from the HID 1.12 "HID Sensor Usages" specification:
+"Standardization of HID usages for sensors would allow (but not require) sensor
+hardware vendors to provide a consistent Plug And Play interface at the USB boundary,
+thereby enabling some operating systems to incorporate common device drivers that
+could be reused between vendors, alleviating any need for the vendors to provide
+the drivers themselves."
+This specification describes many usage IDs, which describe the type of sensor
+and also the individual data fields. Each sensor can have variable number of
+data fields. The length and order is specified in the report descriptor. For
+example a part of report descriptor can look like:
+ ..
+ Field(2)
+ Physical(0020.0073)
+ Usage(1)
+ 0020.045f
+ Logical Minimum(-32767)
+ Logical Maximum(32767)
+ Report Size(8)
+ Report Count(1)
+ Report Offset(16)
+ Flags(Variable Absolute)
+The report is indicating "sensor page (0x20)" contains an accelerometer-3D (0x73).
+This accelerometer-3D has some fields. Here for example field 2 is motion intensity
+(0x045f) with a logical minimum value of -32767 and logical maximum of 32767. The
+order of fields and length of each field is important as the input event raw
+data will use this format.
+This specification defines many different types of sensors with different sets of
+data fields. It is difficult to have a common input event to user space applications,
+for different sensors. For example an accelerometer can send X,Y and Z data, whereas
+an ambient light sensor can send illumination data.
+So the implementation has two parts:
+- Core hid driver
+- Individual sensor processing part (sensor drivers)
+Core driver
+The core driver registers (hid-sensor-hub) registers as a HID driver. It parses
+report descriptors and identifies all the sensors present. It adds an MFD device
+with name HID-SENSOR-xxxx (where xxxx is usage id from the specification).
+For example
+HID-SENSOR-200073 is registered for an Accelerometer 3D driver.
+So if any driver with this name is inserted, then the probe routine for that
+function will be called. So an accelerometer processing driver can register
+with this name and will be probed if there is an accelerometer-3D detected.
+The core driver provides a set of APIs which can be used by the processing
+drivers to register and get events for that usage id. Also it provides parsing
+functions, which get and set each input/feature/output report.
+Individual sensor processing part (sensor drivers)
+The processing driver will use an interface provided by the core driver to parse
+the report and get the indexes of the fields and also can get events. This driver
+can use IIO interface to use the standard ABI defined for a type of sensor.
+Core driver Interface
+Callback structure:
+Each processing driver can use this structure to set some callbacks.
+ int (*suspend)(..): Callback when HID suspend is received
+ int (*resume)(..): Callback when HID resume is received
+ int (*capture_sample)(..): Capture a sample for one of its data fields
+ int (*send_event)(..): One complete event is received which can have
+ multiple data fields.
+Registration functions:
+int sensor_hub_register_callback(struct hid_sensor_hub_device *hsdev,
+ u32 usage_id,
+ struct hid_sensor_hub_callbacks *usage_callback):
+Registers callbacks for an usage id. The callback functions are not allowed
+to sleep.
+int sensor_hub_remove_callback(struct hid_sensor_hub_device *hsdev,
+ u32 usage_id):
+Removes callbacks for an usage id.
+Parsing function:
+int sensor_hub_input_get_attribute_info(struct hid_sensor_hub_device *hsdev,
+ u8 type,
+ u32 usage_id, u32 attr_usage_id,
+ struct hid_sensor_hub_attribute_info *info);
+A processing driver can look for some field of interest and check if it exists
+in a report descriptor. If it exists it will store necessary information
+so that fields can be set or get individually.
+These indexes avoid searching every time and getting field index to get or set.
+Set Feature report
+int sensor_hub_set_feature(struct hid_sensor_hub_device *hsdev, u32 report_id,
+ u32 field_index, s32 value);
+This interface is used to set a value for a field in feature report. For example
+if there is a field report_interval, which is parsed by a call to
+sensor_hub_input_get_attribute_info before, then it can directly set that individual
+int sensor_hub_get_feature(struct hid_sensor_hub_device *hsdev, u32 report_id,
+ u32 field_index, s32 *value);
+This interface is used to get a value for a field in input report. For example
+if there is a field report_interval, which is parsed by a call to
+sensor_hub_input_get_attribute_info before, then it can directly get that individual
+field value.
+int sensor_hub_input_attr_get_raw_value(struct hid_sensor_hub_device *hsdev,
+ u32 usage_id,
+ u32 attr_usage_id, u32 report_id);
+This is used to get a particular field value through input reports. For example
+accelerometer wants to poll X axis value, then it can call this function with
+the usage id of X axis. HID sensors can provide events, so this is not necessary
+to poll for any field. If there is some new sample, the core driver will call
+registered callback function to process the sample.