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authorDavid Brownell <david-b@pacbell.net>2006-04-01 10:21:52 -0800
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2006-04-14 12:25:26 -0700
commit21440d313358043b0ce5e43b00ff3c9b35a8616c (patch)
tree32f3ed659a76ad6e4a6061b57346178cf3fa6256 /Documentation/DMA-API.txt
parent2d1e1c754d641bb8a32f0ce909dcff32906830ef (diff)
downloadlinux-21440d313358043b0ce5e43b00ff3c9b35a8616c.tar.gz
[PATCH] dma doc updates
This updates the DMA API documentation to address a few issues: - The dma_map_sg() call results are used like pci_map_sg() results: using sg_dma_address() and sg_dma_len(). That's not wholly obvious to folk reading _only_ the "new" DMA-API.txt writeup. - Buffers allocated by dma_alloc_coherent() may not be completely free of coherency concerns ... some CPUs also have write buffers that may need to be flushed. - Cacheline coherence issues are now mentioned as being among issues which affect dma buffers, and complicate/prevent using of static and (especially) stack based buffers with the DMA calls. I don't think many drivers currently need to worry about flushing write buffers, but I did hit it with one SOC using external SDRAM for DMA descriptors: without explicit writebuffer flushing, the on-chip DMA controller accessed descriptors before the CPU completed the writes. Signed-off-by: David Brownell <dbrownell@users.sourceforge.net> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/DMA-API.txt')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DMA-API.txt49
1 files changed, 36 insertions, 13 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/DMA-API.txt b/Documentation/DMA-API.txt
index 1af0f2d5022..2ffb0d62f0f 100644
--- a/Documentation/DMA-API.txt
+++ b/Documentation/DMA-API.txt
@@ -33,7 +33,9 @@ pci_alloc_consistent(struct pci_dev *dev, size_t size,
Consistent memory is memory for which a write by either the device or
the processor can immediately be read by the processor or device
-without having to worry about caching effects.
+without having to worry about caching effects. (You may however need
+to make sure to flush the processor's write buffers before telling
+devices to read that memory.)
This routine allocates a region of <size> bytes of consistent memory.
it also returns a <dma_handle> which may be cast to an unsigned
@@ -304,12 +306,12 @@ dma address with dma_mapping_error(). A non zero return value means the mapping
could not be created and the driver should take appropriate action (eg
reduce current DMA mapping usage or delay and try again later).
-int
-dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nents,
- enum dma_data_direction direction)
-int
-pci_map_sg(struct pci_dev *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
- int nents, int direction)
+ int
+ dma_map_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
+ int nents, enum dma_data_direction direction)
+ int
+ pci_map_sg(struct pci_dev *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
+ int nents, int direction)
Maps a scatter gather list from the block layer.
@@ -327,12 +329,33 @@ critical that the driver do something, in the case of a block driver
aborting the request or even oopsing is better than doing nothing and
corrupting the filesystem.
-void
-dma_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg, int nhwentries,
- enum dma_data_direction direction)
-void
-pci_unmap_sg(struct pci_dev *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
- int nents, int direction)
+With scatterlists, you use the resulting mapping like this:
+
+ int i, count = dma_map_sg(dev, sglist, nents, direction);
+ struct scatterlist *sg;
+
+ for (i = 0, sg = sglist; i < count; i++, sg++) {
+ hw_address[i] = sg_dma_address(sg);
+ hw_len[i] = sg_dma_len(sg);
+ }
+
+where nents is the number of entries in the sglist.
+
+The implementation is free to merge several consecutive sglist entries
+into one (e.g. with an IOMMU, or if several pages just happen to be
+physically contiguous) and returns the actual number of sg entries it
+mapped them to. On failure 0, is returned.
+
+Then you should loop count times (note: this can be less than nents times)
+and use sg_dma_address() and sg_dma_len() macros where you previously
+accessed sg->address and sg->length as shown above.
+
+ void
+ dma_unmap_sg(struct device *dev, struct scatterlist *sg,
+ int nhwentries, enum dma_data_direction direction)
+ void
+ pci_unmap_sg(struct pci_dev *hwdev, struct scatterlist *sg,
+ int nents, int direction)
unmap the previously mapped scatter/gather list. All the parameters
must be the same as those and passed in to the scatter/gather mapping