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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-30 07:39:01 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-04-30 07:39:01 -0700
commit1f889ec62c3f0d8913f3c32f9aff2a1e15099346 (patch)
tree381a74ab73c865ba6d1c77df39898dd4f81cfeef
parent6c24499f40d96bf07a85b709fb1bee5cea611a1d (diff)
parent8fcfae31719c0a6c03f2cf63f815b46d378d8be4 (diff)
downloadlinux-1f889ec62c3f0d8913f3c32f9aff2a1e15099346.tar.gz
Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull RCU updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this cycle are mostly related to preparatory work for the full-dynticks work: - Remove restrictions on no-CBs CPUs, make RCU_FAST_NO_HZ take advantage of numbered callbacks, do callback accelerations based on numbered callbacks. Posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/18/960 - RCU documentation updates. Posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/18/570 - Miscellaneous fixes. Posted to LKML at https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/3/18/594" * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (24 commits) rcu: Make rcu_accelerate_cbs() note need for future grace periods rcu: Abstract rcu_start_future_gp() from rcu_nocb_wait_gp() rcu: Rename n_nocb_gp_requests to need_future_gp rcu: Push lock release to rcu_start_gp()'s callers rcu: Repurpose no-CBs event tracing to future-GP events rcu: Rearrange locking in rcu_start_gp() rcu: Make RCU_FAST_NO_HZ take advantage of numbered callbacks rcu: Accelerate RCU callbacks at grace-period end rcu: Export RCU_FAST_NO_HZ parameters to sysfs rcu: Distinguish "rcuo" kthreads by RCU flavor rcu: Add event tracing for no-CBs CPUs' grace periods rcu: Add event tracing for no-CBs CPUs' callback registration rcu: Introduce proper blocking to no-CBs kthreads GP waits rcu: Provide compile-time control for no-CBs CPUs rcu: Tone down debugging during boot-up and shutdown. rcu: Add softirq-stall indications to stall-warning messages rcu: Documentation update rcu: Make bugginess of code sample more evident rcu: Fix hlist_bl_set_first_rcu() annotation rcu: Delete unused rcu_node "wakemask" field ...
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt26
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt5
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/rcubarrier.txt15
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt33
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt35
-rw-r--r--include/linux/list_bl.h5
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rculist_bl.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcupdate.h1
-rw-r--r--include/trace/events/rcu.h55
-rw-r--r--init/Kconfig73
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.c260
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.h41
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree_plugin.h601
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree_trace.c2
15 files changed, 640 insertions, 518 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt b/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt
index 31ef8fe07f8..79e789b8b8e 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/checklist.txt
@@ -217,9 +217,14 @@ over a rather long period of time, but improvements are always welcome!
whether the increased speed is worth it.
8. Although synchronize_rcu() is slower than is call_rcu(), it
- usually results in simpler code. So, unless update performance
- is critically important or the updaters cannot block,
- synchronize_rcu() should be used in preference to call_rcu().
+ usually results in simpler code. So, unless update performance is
+ critically important, the updaters cannot block, or the latency of
+ synchronize_rcu() is visible from userspace, synchronize_rcu()
+ should be used in preference to call_rcu(). Furthermore,
+ kfree_rcu() usually results in even simpler code than does
+ synchronize_rcu() without synchronize_rcu()'s multi-millisecond
+ latency. So please take advantage of kfree_rcu()'s "fire and
+ forget" memory-freeing capabilities where it applies.
An especially important property of the synchronize_rcu()
primitive is that it automatically self-limits: if grace periods
@@ -268,7 +273,8 @@ over a rather long period of time, but improvements are always welcome!
e. Periodically invoke synchronize_rcu(), permitting a limited
number of updates per grace period.
- The same cautions apply to call_rcu_bh() and call_rcu_sched().
+ The same cautions apply to call_rcu_bh(), call_rcu_sched(),
+ call_srcu(), and kfree_rcu().
9. All RCU list-traversal primitives, which include
rcu_dereference(), list_for_each_entry_rcu(), and
@@ -296,9 +302,9 @@ over a rather long period of time, but improvements are always welcome!
all currently executing rcu_read_lock()-protected RCU read-side
critical sections complete. It does -not- necessarily guarantee
that all currently running interrupts, NMIs, preempt_disable()
- code, or idle loops will complete. Therefore, if you do not have
- rcu_read_lock()-protected read-side critical sections, do -not-
- use synchronize_rcu().
+ code, or idle loops will complete. Therefore, if your
+ read-side critical sections are protected by something other
+ than rcu_read_lock(), do -not- use synchronize_rcu().
Similarly, disabling preemption is not an acceptable substitute
for rcu_read_lock(). Code that attempts to use preemption
@@ -401,9 +407,9 @@ over a rather long period of time, but improvements are always welcome!
read-side critical sections. It is the responsibility of the
RCU update-side primitives to deal with this.
-17. Use CONFIG_PROVE_RCU, CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD, and
- the __rcu sparse checks to validate your RCU code. These
- can help find problems as follows:
+17. Use CONFIG_PROVE_RCU, CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD, and the
+ __rcu sparse checks (enabled by CONFIG_SPARSE_RCU_POINTER) to
+ validate your RCU code. These can help find problems as follows:
CONFIG_PROVE_RCU: check that accesses to RCU-protected data
structures are carried out under the proper RCU
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt b/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt
index a102d4b3724..cd83d2348fe 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/lockdep.txt
@@ -64,6 +64,11 @@ checking of rcu_dereference() primitives:
but retain the compiler constraints that prevent duplicating
or coalescsing. This is useful when when testing the
value of the pointer itself, for example, against NULL.
+ rcu_access_index(idx):
+ Return the value of the index and omit all barriers, but
+ retain the compiler constraints that prevent duplicating
+ or coalescsing. This is useful when when testing the
+ value of the index itself, for example, against -1.
The rcu_dereference_check() check expression can be any boolean
expression, but would normally include a lockdep expression. However,
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/rcubarrier.txt b/Documentation/RCU/rcubarrier.txt
index 38428c12513..2e319d1b9ef 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/rcubarrier.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/rcubarrier.txt
@@ -79,7 +79,20 @@ complete. Pseudo-code using rcu_barrier() is as follows:
2. Execute rcu_barrier().
3. Allow the module to be unloaded.
-The rcutorture module makes use of rcu_barrier in its exit function
+There are also rcu_barrier_bh(), rcu_barrier_sched(), and srcu_barrier()
+functions for the other flavors of RCU, and you of course must match
+the flavor of rcu_barrier() with that of call_rcu(). If your module
+uses multiple flavors of call_rcu(), then it must also use multiple
+flavors of rcu_barrier() when unloading that module. For example, if
+it uses call_rcu_bh(), call_srcu() on srcu_struct_1, and call_srcu() on
+srcu_struct_2(), then the following three lines of code will be required
+when unloading:
+
+ 1 rcu_barrier_bh();
+ 2 srcu_barrier(&srcu_struct_1);
+ 3 srcu_barrier(&srcu_struct_2);
+
+The rcutorture module makes use of rcu_barrier() in its exit function
as follows:
1 static void
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt b/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
index 1927151b386..e38b8df3d72 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
@@ -92,14 +92,14 @@ If the CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO kernel configuration parameter is set,
more information is printed with the stall-warning message, for example:
INFO: rcu_preempt detected stall on CPU
- 0: (63959 ticks this GP) idle=241/3fffffffffffffff/0
+ 0: (63959 ticks this GP) idle=241/3fffffffffffffff/0 softirq=82/543
(t=65000 jiffies)
In kernels with CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ, even more information is
printed:
INFO: rcu_preempt detected stall on CPU
- 0: (64628 ticks this GP) idle=dd5/3fffffffffffffff/0 drain=0 . timer not pending
+ 0: (64628 ticks this GP) idle=dd5/3fffffffffffffff/0 softirq=82/543 last_accelerate: a345/d342 nonlazy_posted: 25 .D
(t=65000 jiffies)
The "(64628 ticks this GP)" indicates that this CPU has taken more
@@ -116,13 +116,28 @@ number between the two "/"s is the value of the nesting, which will
be a small positive number if in the idle loop and a very large positive
number (as shown above) otherwise.
-For CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ kernels, the "drain=0" indicates that the CPU is
-not in the process of trying to force itself into dyntick-idle state, the
-"." indicates that the CPU has not given up forcing RCU into dyntick-idle
-mode (it would be "H" otherwise), and the "timer not pending" indicates
-that the CPU has not recently forced RCU into dyntick-idle mode (it
-would otherwise indicate the number of microseconds remaining in this
-forced state).
+The "softirq=" portion of the message tracks the number of RCU softirq
+handlers that the stalled CPU has executed. The number before the "/"
+is the number that had executed since boot at the time that this CPU
+last noted the beginning of a grace period, which might be the current
+(stalled) grace period, or it might be some earlier grace period (for
+example, if the CPU might have been in dyntick-idle mode for an extended
+time period. The number after the "/" is the number that have executed
+since boot until the current time. If this latter number stays constant
+across repeated stall-warning messages, it is possible that RCU's softirq
+handlers are no longer able to execute on this CPU. This can happen if
+the stalled CPU is spinning with interrupts are disabled, or, in -rt
+kernels, if a high-priority process is starving RCU's softirq handler.
+
+For CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ kernels, the "last_accelerate:" prints the
+low-order 16 bits (in hex) of the jiffies counter when this CPU last
+invoked rcu_try_advance_all_cbs() from rcu_needs_cpu() or last invoked
+rcu_accelerate_cbs() from rcu_prepare_for_idle(). The "nonlazy_posted:"
+prints the number of non-lazy callbacks posted since the last call to
+rcu_needs_cpu(). Finally, an "L" indicates that there are currently
+no non-lazy callbacks ("." is printed otherwise, as shown above) and
+"D" indicates that dyntick-idle processing is enabled ("." is printed
+otherwise, for example, if disabled via the "nohz=" kernel boot parameter).
Multiple Warnings From One Stall
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
index 0cc7820967f..10df0b82f45 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
@@ -265,9 +265,9 @@ rcu_dereference()
rcu_read_lock();
p = rcu_dereference(head.next);
rcu_read_unlock();
- x = p->address;
+ x = p->address; /* BUG!!! */
rcu_read_lock();
- y = p->data;
+ y = p->data; /* BUG!!! */
rcu_read_unlock();
Holding a reference from one RCU read-side critical section
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 12bbce346d5..de12397b60a 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -2499,9 +2499,12 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
In kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=y, set
the specified list of CPUs to be no-callback CPUs.
Invocation of these CPUs' RCU callbacks will
- be offloaded to "rcuoN" kthreads created for
- that purpose. This reduces OS jitter on the
+ be offloaded to "rcuox/N" kthreads created for
+ that purpose, where "x" is "b" for RCU-bh, "p"
+ for RCU-preempt, and "s" for RCU-sched, and "N"
+ is the CPU number. This reduces OS jitter on the
offloaded CPUs, which can be useful for HPC and
+
real-time workloads. It can also improve energy
efficiency for asymmetric multiprocessors.
@@ -2525,6 +2528,17 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
leaf rcu_node structure. Useful for very large
systems.
+ rcutree.jiffies_till_first_fqs= [KNL,BOOT]
+ Set delay from grace-period initialization to
+ first attempt to force quiescent states.
+ Units are jiffies, minimum value is zero,
+ and maximum value is HZ.
+
+ rcutree.jiffies_till_next_fqs= [KNL,BOOT]
+ Set delay between subsequent attempts to force
+ quiescent states. Units are jiffies, minimum
+ value is one, and maximum value is HZ.
+
rcutree.qhimark= [KNL,BOOT]
Set threshold of queued
RCU callbacks over which batch limiting is disabled.
@@ -2539,16 +2553,15 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
rcutree.rcu_cpu_stall_timeout= [KNL,BOOT]
Set timeout for RCU CPU stall warning messages.
- rcutree.jiffies_till_first_fqs= [KNL,BOOT]
- Set delay from grace-period initialization to
- first attempt to force quiescent states.
- Units are jiffies, minimum value is zero,
- and maximum value is HZ.
+ rcutree.rcu_idle_gp_delay= [KNL,BOOT]
+ Set wakeup interval for idle CPUs that have
+ RCU callbacks (RCU_FAST_NO_HZ=y).
- rcutree.jiffies_till_next_fqs= [KNL,BOOT]
- Set delay between subsequent attempts to force
- quiescent states. Units are jiffies, minimum
- value is one, and maximum value is HZ.
+ rcutree.rcu_idle_lazy_gp_delay= [KNL,BOOT]
+ Set wakeup interval for idle CPUs that have
+ only "lazy" RCU callbacks (RCU_FAST_NO_HZ=y).
+ Lazy RCU callbacks are those which RCU can
+ prove do nothing more than free memory.
rcutorture.fqs_duration= [KNL,BOOT]
Set duration of force_quiescent_state bursts.
diff --git a/include/linux/list_bl.h b/include/linux/list_bl.h
index 31f9d75adc5..2eb88556c5c 100644
--- a/include/linux/list_bl.h
+++ b/include/linux/list_bl.h
@@ -125,6 +125,11 @@ static inline void hlist_bl_unlock(struct hlist_bl_head *b)
__bit_spin_unlock(0, (unsigned long *)b);
}
+static inline bool hlist_bl_is_locked(struct hlist_bl_head *b)
+{
+ return bit_spin_is_locked(0, (unsigned long *)b);
+}
+
/**
* hlist_bl_for_each_entry - iterate over list of given type
* @tpos: the type * to use as a loop cursor.
diff --git a/include/linux/rculist_bl.h b/include/linux/rculist_bl.h
index cf1244fbf3b..4f216c59e7d 100644
--- a/include/linux/rculist_bl.h
+++ b/include/linux/rculist_bl.h
@@ -20,7 +20,7 @@ static inline void hlist_bl_set_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h,
static inline struct hlist_bl_node *hlist_bl_first_rcu(struct hlist_bl_head *h)
{
return (struct hlist_bl_node *)
- ((unsigned long)rcu_dereference(h->first) & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK);
+ ((unsigned long)rcu_dereference_check(h->first, hlist_bl_is_locked(h)) & ~LIST_BL_LOCKMASK);
}
/**
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index b758ce17b30..9ed2c9a4de4 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ extern void do_trace_rcu_torture_read(char *rcutorturename,
#define UINT_CMP_LT(a, b) (UINT_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b))
#define ULONG_CMP_GE(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 >= (a) - (b))
#define ULONG_CMP_LT(a, b) (ULONG_MAX / 2 < (a) - (b))
+#define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a)))
/* Exported common interfaces */
diff --git a/include/trace/events/rcu.h b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
index 1918e832da4..59ebcc89f14 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/rcu.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
@@ -72,6 +72,58 @@ TRACE_EVENT(rcu_grace_period,
);
/*
+ * Tracepoint for future grace-period events, including those for no-callbacks
+ * CPUs. The caller should pull the data from the rcu_node structure,
+ * other than rcuname, which comes from the rcu_state structure, and event,
+ * which is one of the following:
+ *
+ * "Startleaf": Request a nocb grace period based on leaf-node data.
+ * "Startedleaf": Leaf-node start proved sufficient.
+ * "Startedleafroot": Leaf-node start proved sufficient after checking root.
+ * "Startedroot": Requested a nocb grace period based on root-node data.
+ * "StartWait": Start waiting for the requested grace period.
+ * "ResumeWait": Resume waiting after signal.
+ * "EndWait": Complete wait.
+ * "Cleanup": Clean up rcu_node structure after previous GP.
+ * "CleanupMore": Clean up, and another no-CB GP is needed.
+ */
+TRACE_EVENT(rcu_future_grace_period,
+
+ TP_PROTO(char *rcuname, unsigned long gpnum, unsigned long completed,
+ unsigned long c, u8 level, int grplo, int grphi,
+ char *gpevent),
+
+ TP_ARGS(rcuname, gpnum, completed, c, level, grplo, grphi, gpevent),
+
+ TP_STRUCT__entry(
+ __field(char *, rcuname)
+ __field(unsigned long, gpnum)
+ __field(unsigned long, completed)
+ __field(unsigned long, c)
+ __field(u8, level)
+ __field(int, grplo)
+ __field(int, grphi)
+ __field(char *, gpevent)
+ ),
+
+ TP_fast_assign(
+ __entry->rcuname = rcuname;
+ __entry->gpnum = gpnum;
+ __entry->completed = completed;
+ __entry->c = c;
+ __entry->level = level;
+ __entry->grplo = grplo;
+ __entry->grphi = grphi;
+ __entry->gpevent = gpevent;
+ ),
+
+ TP_printk("%s %lu %lu %lu %u %d %d %s",
+ __entry->rcuname, __entry->gpnum, __entry->completed,
+ __entry->c, __entry->level, __entry->grplo, __entry->grphi,
+ __entry->gpevent)
+);
+
+/*
* Tracepoint for grace-period-initialization events. These are
* distinguished by the type of RCU, the new grace-period number, the
* rcu_node structure level, the starting and ending CPU covered by the
@@ -601,6 +653,9 @@ TRACE_EVENT(rcu_barrier,
#define trace_rcu_grace_period(rcuname, gpnum, gpevent) do { } while (0)
#define trace_rcu_grace_period_init(rcuname, gpnum, level, grplo, grphi, \
qsmask) do { } while (0)
+#define trace_rcu_future_grace_period(rcuname, gpnum, completed, c, \
+ level, grplo, grphi, event) \
+ do { } while (0)
#define trace_rcu_preempt_task(rcuname, pid, gpnum) do { } while (0)
#define trace_rcu_unlock_preempted_task(rcuname, gpnum, pid) do { } while (0)
#define trace_rcu_quiescent_state_report(rcuname, gpnum, mask, qsmask, level, \
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 5341d7232c3..71bb9e73011 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -578,13 +578,16 @@ config RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
depends on NO_HZ && SMP
default n
help
- This option causes RCU to attempt to accelerate grace periods in
- order to allow CPUs to enter dynticks-idle state more quickly.
- On the other hand, this option increases the overhead of the
- dynticks-idle checking, thus degrading scheduling latency.
+ This option permits CPUs to enter dynticks-idle state even if
+ they have RCU callbacks queued, and prevents RCU from waking
+ these CPUs up more than roughly once every four jiffies (by
+ default, you can adjust this using the rcutree.rcu_idle_gp_delay
+ parameter), thus improving energy efficiency. On the other
+ hand, this option increases the duration of RCU grace periods,
+ for example, slowing down synchronize_rcu().
- Say Y if energy efficiency is critically important, and you don't
- care about real-time response.
+ Say Y if energy efficiency is critically important, and you
+ don't care about increased grace-period durations.
Say N if you are unsure.
@@ -651,7 +654,7 @@ config RCU_BOOST_DELAY
Accept the default if unsure.
config RCU_NOCB_CPU
- bool "Offload RCU callback processing from boot-selected CPUs"
+ bool "Offload RCU callback processing from boot-selected CPUs (EXPERIMENTAL"
depends on TREE_RCU || TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
default n
help
@@ -662,16 +665,56 @@ config RCU_NOCB_CPU
This option offloads callback invocation from the set of
CPUs specified at boot time by the rcu_nocbs parameter.
- For each such CPU, a kthread ("rcuoN") will be created to
- invoke callbacks, where the "N" is the CPU being offloaded.
- Nothing prevents this kthread from running on the specified
- CPUs, but (1) the kthreads may be preempted between each
- callback, and (2) affinity or cgroups can be used to force
- the kthreads to run on whatever set of CPUs is desired.
-
- Say Y here if you want reduced OS jitter on selected CPUs.
+ For each such CPU, a kthread ("rcuox/N") will be created to
+ invoke callbacks, where the "N" is the CPU being offloaded,
+ and where the "x" is "b" for RCU-bh, "p" for RCU-preempt, and
+ "s" for RCU-sched. Nothing prevents this kthread from running
+ on the specified CPUs, but (1) the kthreads may be preempted
+ between each callback, and (2) affinity or cgroups can be used
+ to force the kthreads to run on whatever set of CPUs is desired.
+
+ Say Y here if you want to help to debug reduced OS jitter.
Say N here if you are unsure.
+choice
+ prompt "Build-forced no-CBs CPUs"
+ default RCU_NOCB_CPU_NONE
+ help
+ This option allows no-CBs CPUs to be specified at build time.
+ Additional no-CBs CPUs may be specified by the rcu_nocbs=
+ boot parameter.
+
+config RCU_NOCB_CPU_NONE
+ bool "No build_forced no-CBs CPUs"
+ depends on RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ help
+ This option does not force any of the CPUs to be no-CBs CPUs.
+ Only CPUs designated by the rcu_nocbs= boot parameter will be
+ no-CBs CPUs.
+
+config RCU_NOCB_CPU_ZERO
+ bool "CPU 0 is a build_forced no-CBs CPU"
+ depends on RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ help
+ This option forces CPU 0 to be a no-CBs CPU. Additional CPUs
+ may be designated as no-CBs CPUs using the rcu_nocbs= boot
+ parameter will be no-CBs CPUs.
+
+ Select this if CPU 0 needs to be a no-CBs CPU for real-time
+ or energy-efficiency reasons.
+
+config RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL
+ bool "All CPUs are build_forced no-CBs CPUs"
+ depends on RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ help
+ This option forces all CPUs to be no-CBs CPUs. The rcu_nocbs=
+ boot parameter will be ignored.
+
+ Select this if all CPUs need to be no-CBs CPUs for real-time
+ or energy-efficiency reasons.
+
+endchoice
+
endmenu # "RCU Subsystem"
config IKCONFIG
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index 2f8530bc4b1..d8534308fd0 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@
static struct lock_class_key rcu_node_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
static struct lock_class_key rcu_fqs_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
-#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(sname, cr) { \
+#define RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(sname, sabbr, cr) { \
.level = { &sname##_state.node[0] }, \
.call = cr, \
.fqs_state = RCU_GP_IDLE, \
@@ -76,13 +76,14 @@ static struct lock_class_key rcu_fqs_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
.barrier_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(sname##_state.barrier_mutex), \
.onoff_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(sname##_state.onoff_mutex), \
.name = #sname, \
+ .abbr = sabbr, \
}
struct rcu_state rcu_sched_state =
- RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_sched, call_rcu_sched);
+ RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_sched, 's', call_rcu_sched);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_sched_data);
-struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_bh, call_rcu_bh);
+struct rcu_state rcu_bh_state = RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_bh, 'b', call_rcu_bh);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data);
static struct rcu_state *rcu_state;
@@ -223,6 +224,8 @@ static ulong jiffies_till_next_fqs = RCU_JIFFIES_TILL_FORCE_QS;
module_param(jiffies_till_first_fqs, ulong, 0644);
module_param(jiffies_till_next_fqs, ulong, 0644);
+static void rcu_start_gp_advanced(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp);
static void force_qs_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, int (*f)(struct rcu_data *));
static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp);
static int rcu_pending(int cpu);
@@ -310,6 +313,8 @@ cpu_needs_another_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
if (rcu_gp_in_progress(rsp))
return 0; /* No, a grace period is already in progress. */
+ if (rcu_nocb_needs_gp(rsp))
+ return 1; /* Yes, a no-CBs CPU needs one. */
if (!rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL])
return 0; /* No, this is a no-CBs (or offline) CPU. */
if (*rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL])
@@ -1035,10 +1040,11 @@ static void init_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
int i;
+ if (init_nocb_callback_list(rdp))
+ return;
rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
for (i = 0; i < RCU_NEXT_SIZE; i++)
rdp->nxttail[i] = &rdp->nxtlist;
- init_nocb_callback_list(rdp);
}
/*
@@ -1071,6 +1077,120 @@ static unsigned long rcu_cbs_completed(struct rcu_state *rsp,
}
/*
+ * Trace-event helper function for rcu_start_future_gp() and
+ * rcu_nocb_wait_gp().
+ */
+static void trace_rcu_future_gp(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp,
+ unsigned long c, char *s)
+{
+ trace_rcu_future_grace_period(rdp->rsp->name, rnp->gpnum,
+ rnp->completed, c, rnp->level,
+ rnp->grplo, rnp->grphi, s);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Start some future grace period, as needed to handle newly arrived
+ * callbacks. The required future grace periods are recorded in each
+ * rcu_node structure's ->need_future_gp field.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold the specified rcu_node structure's ->lock.
+ */
+static unsigned long __maybe_unused
+rcu_start_future_gp(struct rcu_node *rnp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ unsigned long c;
+ int i;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root(rdp->rsp);
+
+ /*
+ * Pick up grace-period number for new callbacks. If this
+ * grace period is already marked as needed, return to the caller.
+ */
+ c = rcu_cbs_completed(rdp->rsp, rnp);
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startleaf");
+ if (rnp->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]) {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Prestartleaf");
+ return c;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If either this rcu_node structure or the root rcu_node structure
+ * believe that a grace period is in progress, then we must wait
+ * for the one following, which is in "c". Because our request
+ * will be noticed at the end of the current grace period, we don't
+ * need to explicitly start one.
+ */
+ if (rnp->gpnum != rnp->completed ||
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->gpnum) != ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed)) {
+ rnp->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]++;
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startedleaf");
+ return c;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * There might be no grace period in progress. If we don't already
+ * hold it, acquire the root rcu_node structure's lock in order to
+ * start one (if needed).
+ */
+ if (rnp != rnp_root)
+ raw_spin_lock(&rnp_root->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Get a new grace-period number. If there really is no grace
+ * period in progress, it will be smaller than the one we obtained
+ * earlier. Adjust callbacks as needed. Note that even no-CBs
+ * CPUs have a ->nxtcompleted[] array, so no no-CBs checks needed.
+ */
+ c = rcu_cbs_completed(rdp->rsp, rnp_root);
+ for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL; i < RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i++)
+ if (ULONG_CMP_LT(c, rdp->nxtcompleted[i]))
+ rdp->nxtcompleted[i] = c;
+
+ /*
+ * If the needed for the required grace period is already
+ * recorded, trace and leave.
+ */
+ if (rnp_root->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]) {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Prestartedroot");
+ goto unlock_out;
+ }
+
+ /* Record the need for the future grace period. */
+ rnp_root->need_future_gp[c & 0x1]++;
+
+ /* If a grace period is not already in progress, start one. */
+ if (rnp_root->gpnum != rnp_root->completed) {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startedleafroot");
+ } else {
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "Startedroot");
+ rcu_start_gp_advanced(rdp->rsp, rnp_root, rdp);
+ }
+unlock_out:
+ if (rnp != rnp_root)
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp_root->lock);
+ return c;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Clean up any old requests for the just-ended grace period. Also return
+ * whether any additional grace periods have been requested. Also invoke
+ * rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup() in order to wake up any no-callbacks kthreads
+ * waiting for this grace period to complete.
+ */
+static int rcu_future_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ int c = rnp->completed;
+ int needmore;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+
+ rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(rsp, rnp);
+ rnp->need_future_gp[c & 0x1] = 0;
+ needmore = rnp->need_future_gp[(c + 1) & 0x1];
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, needmore ? "CleanupMore" : "Cleanup");
+ return needmore;
+}
+
+/*
* If there is room, assign a ->completed number to any callbacks on
* this CPU that have not already been assigned. Also accelerate any
* callbacks that were previously assigned a ->completed number that has
@@ -1129,6 +1249,8 @@ static void rcu_accelerate_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
rdp->nxttail[i] = rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
rdp->nxtcompleted[i] = c;
}
+ /* Record any needed additional grace periods. */
+ rcu_start_future_gp(rnp, rdp);
/* Trace depending on how much we were able to accelerate. */
if (!*rdp->nxttail[RCU_WAIT_TAIL])
@@ -1308,9 +1430,9 @@ static int rcu_gp_init(struct rcu_state *rsp)
rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
rcu_preempt_check_blocked_tasks(rnp);
rnp->qsmask = rnp->qsmaskinit;
- rnp->gpnum = rsp->gpnum;
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->gpnum) = rsp->gpnum;
WARN_ON_ONCE(rnp->completed != rsp->completed);
- rnp->completed = rsp->completed;
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed) = rsp->completed;
if (rnp == rdp->mynode)
rcu_start_gp_per_cpu(rsp, rnp, rdp);
rcu_preempt_boost_start_gp(rnp);
@@ -1319,7 +1441,8 @@ static int rcu_gp_init(struct rcu_state *rsp)
rnp->grphi, rnp->qsmask);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rnp->lock);
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_DELAY
- if ((prandom_u32() % (rcu_num_nodes * 8)) == 0)
+ if ((prandom_u32() % (rcu_num_nodes * 8)) == 0 &&
+ system_state == SYSTEM_RUNNING)
schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(2);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU_DELAY */
cond_resched();
@@ -1361,6 +1484,7 @@ int rcu_gp_fqs(struct rcu_state *rsp, int fqs_state_in)
static void rcu_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
unsigned long gp_duration;
+ int nocb = 0;
struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
@@ -1390,17 +1514,23 @@ static void rcu_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp)
*/
rcu_for_each_node_breadth_first(rsp, rnp) {
raw_spin_lock_irq(&rnp->lock);
- rnp->completed = rsp->gpnum;
+ ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed) = rsp->gpnum;
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ if (rnp == rdp->mynode)
+ __rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+ nocb += rcu_future_gp_cleanup(rsp, rnp);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rnp->lock);
cond_resched();
}
rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&rnp->lock);
+ rcu_nocb_gp_set(rnp, nocb);
rsp->completed = rsp->gpnum; /* Declare grace period done. */
trace_rcu_grace_period(rsp->name, rsp->completed, "end");
rsp->fqs_state = RCU_GP_IDLE;
rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ rcu_advance_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp); /* Reduce false positives below. */
if (cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp))
rsp->gp_flags = 1;
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&rnp->lock);
@@ -1476,57 +1606,62 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_gp_kthread(void *arg)
/*
* Start a new RCU grace period if warranted, re-initializing the hierarchy
* in preparation for detecting the next grace period. The caller must hold
- * the root node's ->lock, which is released before return. Hard irqs must
- * be disabled.
+ * the root node's ->lock and hard irqs must be disabled.
*
* Note that it is legal for a dying CPU (which is marked as offline) to
* invoke this function. This can happen when the dying CPU reports its
* quiescent state.
*/
static void
-rcu_start_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long flags)
- __releases(rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock)
+rcu_start_gp_advanced(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
- struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
- struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
-
- if (!rsp->gp_kthread ||
- !cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp)) {
+ if (!rsp->gp_kthread || !cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp)) {
/*
* Either we have not yet spawned the grace-period
* task, this CPU does not need another grace period,
* or a grace period is already in progress.
* Either way, don't start a new grace period.
*/
- raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
return;
}
-
- /*
- * Because there is no grace period in progress right now,
- * any callbacks we have up to this point will be satisfied
- * by the next grace period. So this is a good place to
- * assign a grace period number to recently posted callbacks.
- */
- rcu_accelerate_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp);
-
rsp->gp_flags = RCU_GP_FLAG_INIT;
- raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* Interrupts remain disabled. */
-
- /* Ensure that CPU is aware of completion of last grace period. */
- rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rdp);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
/* Wake up rcu_gp_kthread() to start the grace period. */
wake_up(&rsp->gp_wq);
}
/*
+ * Similar to rcu_start_gp_advanced(), but also advance the calling CPU's
+ * callbacks. Note that rcu_start_gp_advanced() cannot do this because it
+ * is invoked indirectly from rcu_advance_cbs(), which would result in
+ * endless recursion -- or would do so if it wasn't for the self-deadlock
+ * that is encountered beforehand.
+ */
+static void
+rcu_start_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+
+ /*
+ * If there is no grace period in progress right now, any
+ * callbacks we have up to this point will be satisfied by the
+ * next grace period. Also, advancing the callbacks reduces the
+ * probability of false positives from cpu_needs_another_gp()
+ * resulting in pointless grace periods. So, advance callbacks
+ * then start the grace period!
+ */
+ rcu_advance_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+ rcu_start_gp_advanced(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+}
+
+/*
* Report a full set of quiescent states to the specified rcu_state
* data structure. This involves cleaning up after the prior grace
* period and letting rcu_start_gp() start up the next grace period
- * if one is needed. Note that the caller must hold rnp->lock, as
- * required by rcu_start_gp(), which will release it.
+ * if one is needed. Note that the caller must hold rnp->lock, which
+ * is released before return.
*/
static void rcu_report_qs_rsp(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long flags)
__releases(rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock)
@@ -2124,7 +2259,8 @@ __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp)
local_irq_save(flags);
if (cpu_needs_another_gp(rsp, rdp)) {
raw_spin_lock(&rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock); /* irqs disabled. */
- rcu_start_gp(rsp, flags); /* releases above lock */
+ rcu_start_gp(rsp);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rcu_get_root(rsp)->lock, flags);
} else {
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
@@ -2169,7 +2305,8 @@ static void invoke_rcu_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
static void invoke_rcu_core(void)
{
- raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ if (cpu_online(smp_processor_id()))
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
}
/*
@@ -2204,11 +2341,11 @@ static void __call_rcu_core(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp,
/* Start a new grace period if one not already started. */
if (!rcu_gp_in_progress(rsp)) {
- unsigned long nestflag;
struct rcu_node *rnp_root = rcu_get_root(rsp);
- raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp_root->lock, nestflag);
- rcu_start_gp(rsp, nestflag); /* rlses rnp_root->lock */
+ raw_spin_lock(&rnp_root->lock);
+ rcu_start_gp(rsp);
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp_root->lock);
} else {
/* Give the grace period a kick. */
rdp->blimit = LONG_MAX;
@@ -2628,19 +2765,27 @@ static int rcu_pending(int cpu)
}
/*
- * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
- * by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
- * 1 if so.
+ * Return true if the specified CPU has any callback. If all_lazy is
+ * non-NULL, store an indication of whether all callbacks are lazy.
+ * (If there are no callbacks, all of them are deemed to be lazy.)
*/
-static int rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(int cpu)
+static int rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(int cpu, bool *all_lazy)
{
+ bool al = true;
+ bool hc = false;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_state *rsp;
- /* RCU callbacks either ready or pending? */
- for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp)
- if (per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu)->nxtlist)
- return 1;
- return 0;
+ for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp) {
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+ if (rdp->qlen != rdp->qlen_lazy)
+ al = false;
+ if (rdp->nxtlist)
+ hc = true;
+ }
+ if (all_lazy)
+ *all_lazy = al;
+ return hc;
}
/*
@@ -2859,7 +3004,6 @@ rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp, int preemptible)
rdp->dynticks->dynticks_nesting = DYNTICK_TASK_EXIT_IDLE;
atomic_set(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks,
(atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks) & ~0x1) + 1);
- rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(cpu);
raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
/* Add CPU to rcu_node bitmasks. */
@@ -2909,7 +3053,6 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rcu_state->rda, cpu);
struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
struct rcu_state *rsp;
- int ret = NOTIFY_OK;
trace_rcu_utilization("Start CPU hotplug");
switch (action) {
@@ -2923,21 +3066,12 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, -1);
break;
case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
- if (nocb_cpu_expendable(cpu))
- rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, cpu);
- else
- ret = NOTIFY_BAD;
+ rcu_boost_kthread_setaffinity(rnp, cpu);
break;
case CPU_DYING:
case CPU_DYING_FROZEN:
- /*
- * The whole machine is "stopped" except this CPU, so we can
- * touch any data without introducing corruption. We send the
- * dying CPU's callbacks to an arbitrarily chosen online CPU.
- */
for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp)
rcu_cleanup_dying_cpu(rsp);
- rcu_cleanup_after_idle(cpu);
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
@@ -2950,7 +3084,7 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
break;
}
trace_rcu_utilization("End CPU hotplug");
- return ret;
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
}
/*
@@ -3085,6 +3219,7 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
}
rnp->level = i;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rnp->blkd_tasks);
+ rcu_init_one_nocb(rnp);
}
}
@@ -3170,8 +3305,7 @@ void __init rcu_init(void)
rcu_init_one(&rcu_sched_state, &rcu_sched_data);
rcu_init_one(&rcu_bh_state, &rcu_bh_data);
__rcu_init_preempt();
- rcu_init_nocb();
- open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
+ open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
/*
* We don't need protection against CPU-hotplug here because
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index c896b5045d9..14ee40795d6 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -88,18 +88,13 @@ struct rcu_dynticks {
int dynticks_nmi_nesting; /* Track NMI nesting level. */
atomic_t dynticks; /* Even value for idle, else odd. */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
- int dyntick_drain; /* Prepare-for-idle state variable. */
- unsigned long dyntick_holdoff;
- /* No retries for the jiffy of failure. */
- struct timer_list idle_gp_timer;
- /* Wake up CPU sleeping with callbacks. */
- unsigned long idle_gp_timer_expires;
- /* When to wake up CPU (for repost). */
- bool idle_first_pass; /* First pass of attempt to go idle? */
+ bool all_lazy; /* Are all CPU's CBs lazy? */
unsigned long nonlazy_posted;
/* # times non-lazy CBs posted to CPU. */
unsigned long nonlazy_posted_snap;
/* idle-period nonlazy_posted snapshot. */
+ unsigned long last_accelerate;
+ /* Last jiffy CBs were accelerated. */
int tick_nohz_enabled_snap; /* Previously seen value from sysfs. */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ */
};
@@ -134,9 +129,6 @@ struct rcu_node {
/* elements that need to drain to allow the */
/* current expedited grace period to */
/* complete (only for TREE_PREEMPT_RCU). */
- atomic_t wakemask; /* CPUs whose kthread needs to be awakened. */
- /* Since this has meaning only for leaf */
- /* rcu_node structures, 32 bits suffices. */
unsigned long qsmaskinit;
/* Per-GP initial value for qsmask & expmask. */
unsigned long grpmask; /* Mask to apply to parent qsmask. */
@@ -196,6 +188,12 @@ struct rcu_node {
/* Refused to boost: not sure why, though. */
/* This can happen due to race conditions. */
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ wait_queue_head_t nocb_gp_wq[2];
+ /* Place for rcu_nocb_kthread() to wait GP. */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
+ int need_future_gp[2];
+ /* Counts of upcoming no-CB GP requests. */
raw_spinlock_t fqslock ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
} ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
@@ -328,6 +326,11 @@ struct rcu_data {
struct task_struct *nocb_kthread;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
+ /* 8) RCU CPU stall data. */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
+ unsigned int softirq_snap; /* Snapshot of softirq activity. */
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
+
int cpu;
struct rcu_state *rsp;
};
@@ -375,12 +378,6 @@ struct rcu_state {
struct rcu_data __percpu *rda; /* pointer of percu rcu_data. */
void (*call)(struct rcu_head *head, /* call_rcu() flavor. */
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
- void (*call_remote)(struct rcu_head *head,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
- /* call_rcu() flavor, but for */
- /* placing on remote CPU. */
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
/* The following fields are guarded by the root rcu_node's lock. */
@@ -443,6 +440,7 @@ struct rcu_state {
unsigned long gp_max; /* Maximum GP duration in */
/* jiffies. */
char *name; /* Name of structure. */
+ char abbr; /* Abbreviated name. */
struct list_head flavors; /* List of RCU flavors. */
};
@@ -520,7 +518,6 @@ static int __cpuinit rcu_spawn_one_boost_kthread(struct rcu_state *rsp,
struct rcu_node *rnp);
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_BOOST */
static void __cpuinit rcu_prepare_kthreads(int cpu);
-static void rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(int cpu);
static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(int cpu);
static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu);
static void rcu_idle_count_callbacks_posted(void);
@@ -529,16 +526,18 @@ static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu);
static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void);
static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp);
static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void);
+static int rcu_nocb_needs_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp);
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_set(struct rcu_node *rnp, int nrq);
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp);
+static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp);
static bool is_nocb_cpu(int cpu);
static bool __call_rcu_nocb(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
bool lazy);
static bool rcu_nocb_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp,
struct rcu_data *rdp);
-static bool nocb_cpu_expendable(int cpu);
static void rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp);
static void rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(struct rcu_state *rsp);
-static void init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp);
-static void __init rcu_init_nocb(void);
+static bool init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp);
#endif /* #ifndef RCU_TREE_NONCORE */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
index c1cc7e17ff9..d084ae3f281 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
@@ -85,11 +85,21 @@ static void __init rcu_bootup_announce_oddness(void)
if (nr_cpu_ids != NR_CPUS)
printk(KERN_INFO "\tRCU restricting CPUs from NR_CPUS=%d to nr_cpu_ids=%d.\n", NR_CPUS, nr_cpu_ids);
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
+#ifndef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_NONE
+ if (!have_rcu_nocb_mask) {
+ alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&rcu_nocb_mask);
+ have_rcu_nocb_mask = true;
+ }
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ZERO
+ pr_info("\tExperimental no-CBs CPU 0\n");
+ cpumask_set_cpu(0, rcu_nocb_mask);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ZERO */
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL
+ pr_info("\tExperimental no-CBs for all CPUs\n");
+ cpumask_setall(rcu_nocb_mask);
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL */
+#endif /* #ifndef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_NONE */
if (have_rcu_nocb_mask) {
- if (cpumask_test_cpu(0, rcu_nocb_mask)) {
- cpumask_clear_cpu(0, rcu_nocb_mask);
- pr_info("\tCPU 0: illegal no-CBs CPU (cleared).\n");
- }
cpulist_scnprintf(nocb_buf, sizeof(nocb_buf), rcu_nocb_mask);
pr_info("\tExperimental no-CBs CPUs: %s.\n", nocb_buf);
if (rcu_nocb_poll)
@@ -101,7 +111,7 @@ static void __init rcu_bootup_announce_oddness(void)
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
struct rcu_state rcu_preempt_state =
- RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_preempt, call_rcu);
+ RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER(rcu_preempt, 'p', call_rcu);
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_preempt_data);
static struct rcu_state *rcu_state = &rcu_preempt_state;
@@ -1533,14 +1543,7 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_prepare_kthreads(int cpu)
int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu, unsigned long *delta_jiffies)
{
*delta_jiffies = ULONG_MAX;
- return rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu);
-}
-
-/*
- * Because we do not have RCU_FAST_NO_HZ, don't bother initializing for it.
- */
-static void rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(int cpu)
-{
+ return rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu, NULL);
}
/*
@@ -1577,16 +1580,6 @@ static void rcu_idle_count_callbacks_posted(void)
*
* The following three proprocessor symbols control this state machine:
*
- * RCU_IDLE_FLUSHES gives the maximum number of times that we will attempt
- * to satisfy RCU. Beyond this point, it is better to incur a periodic
- * scheduling-clock interrupt than to loop through the state machine
- * at full power.
- * RCU_IDLE_OPT_FLUSHES gives the number of RCU_IDLE_FLUSHES that are
- * optional if RCU does not need anything immediately from this
- * CPU, even if this CPU still has RCU callbacks queued. The first
- * times through the state machine are mandatory: we need to give
- * the state machine a chance to communicate a quiescent state
- * to the RCU core.
* RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY gives the number of jiffies that a CPU is permitted
* to sleep in dyntick-idle mode with RCU callbacks pending. This
* is sized to be roughly one RCU grace period. Those energy-efficiency
@@ -1602,186 +1595,108 @@ static void rcu_idle_count_callbacks_posted(void)
* adjustment, they can be converted into kernel config parameters, though
* making the state machine smarter might be a better option.
*/
-#define RCU_IDLE_FLUSHES 5 /* Number of dyntick-idle tries. */
-#define RCU_IDLE_OPT_FLUSHES 3 /* Optional dyntick-idle tries. */
#define RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY 4 /* Roughly one grace period. */
#define RCU_IDLE_LAZY_GP_DELAY (6 * HZ) /* Roughly six seconds. */
-extern int tick_nohz_enabled;
-
-/*
- * Does the specified flavor of RCU have non-lazy callbacks pending on
- * the specified CPU? Both RCU flavor and CPU are specified by the
- * rcu_data structure.
- */
-static bool __rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
- return rdp->qlen != rdp->qlen_lazy;
-}
+static int rcu_idle_gp_delay = RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY;
+module_param(rcu_idle_gp_delay, int, 0644);
+static int rcu_idle_lazy_gp_delay = RCU_IDLE_LAZY_GP_DELAY;
+module_param(rcu_idle_lazy_gp_delay, int, 0644);
-#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
+extern int tick_nohz_enabled;
/*
- * Are there non-lazy RCU-preempt callbacks? (There cannot be if there
- * is no RCU-preempt in the kernel.)
+ * Try to advance callbacks for all flavors of RCU on the current CPU.
+ * Afterwards, if there are any callbacks ready for immediate invocation,
+ * return true.
*/
-static bool rcu_preempt_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(int cpu)
+static bool rcu_try_advance_all_cbs(void)
{
- struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_preempt_data, cpu);
-
- return __rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(rdp);
-}
-
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+ bool cbs_ready = false;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp;
+ struct rcu_state *rsp;
-static bool rcu_preempt_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(int cpu)
-{
- return 0;
-}
+ for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp) {
+ rdp = this_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
+ rnp = rdp->mynode;
-#endif /* else #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
+ /*
+ * Don't bother checking unless a grace period has
+ * completed since we last checked and there are
+ * callbacks not yet ready to invoke.
+ */
+ if (rdp->completed != rnp->completed &&
+ rdp->nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL] != rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL])
+ rcu_process_gp_end(rsp, rdp);
-/*
- * Does any flavor of RCU have non-lazy callbacks on the specified CPU?
- */
-static bool rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(int cpu)
-{
- return __rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(&per_cpu(rcu_sched_data, cpu)) ||
- __rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(&per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu)) ||
- rcu_preempt_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(cpu);
+ if (cpu_has_callbacks_ready_to_invoke(rdp))
+ cbs_ready = true;
+ }
+ return cbs_ready;
}
/*
- * Allow the CPU to enter dyntick-idle mode if either: (1) There are no
- * callbacks on this CPU, (2) this CPU has not yet attempted to enter
- * dyntick-idle mode, or (3) this CPU is in the process of attempting to
- * enter dyntick-idle mode. Otherwise, if we have recently tried and failed
- * to enter dyntick-idle mode, we refuse to try to enter it. After all,
- * it is better to incur scheduling-clock interrupts than to spin
- * continuously for the same time duration!
+ * Allow the CPU to enter dyntick-idle mode unless it has callbacks ready
+ * to invoke. If the CPU has callbacks, try to advance them. Tell the
+ * caller to set the timeout based on whether or not there are non-lazy
+ * callbacks.
*
- * The delta_jiffies argument is used to store the time when RCU is
- * going to need the CPU again if it still has callbacks. The reason
- * for this is that rcu_prepare_for_idle() might need to post a timer,
- * but if so, it will do so after tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick() has set
- * the wakeup time for this CPU. This means that RCU's timer can be
- * delayed until the wakeup time, which defeats the purpose of posting
- * a timer.
+ * The caller must have disabled interrupts.
*/
-int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu, unsigned long *delta_jiffies)
+int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu, unsigned long *dj)
{
struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
- /* Flag a new idle sojourn to the idle-entry state machine. */
- rdtp->idle_first_pass = 1;
+ /* Snapshot to detect later posting of non-lazy callback. */
+ rdtp->nonlazy_posted_snap = rdtp->nonlazy_posted;
+
/* If no callbacks, RCU doesn't need the CPU. */
- if (!rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu)) {
- *delta_jiffies = ULONG_MAX;
+ if (!rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu, &rdtp->all_lazy)) {
+ *dj = ULONG_MAX;
return 0;
}
- if (rdtp->dyntick_holdoff == jiffies) {
- /* RCU recently tried and failed, so don't try again. */
- *delta_jiffies = 1;
+
+ /* Attempt to advance callbacks. */
+ if (rcu_try_advance_all_cbs()) {
+ /* Some ready to invoke, so initiate later invocation. */
+ invoke_rcu_core();
return 1;
}
- /* Set up for the possibility that RCU will post a timer. */
- if (rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(cpu)) {
- *delta_jiffies = round_up(RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY + jiffies,
- RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY) - jiffies;
+ rdtp->last_accelerate = jiffies;
+
+ /* Request timer delay depending on laziness, and round. */
+ if (rdtp->all_lazy) {
+ *dj = round_up(rcu_idle_gp_delay + jiffies,
+ rcu_idle_gp_delay) - jiffies;
} else {
- *delta_jiffies = jiffies + RCU_IDLE_LAZY_GP_DELAY;
- *delta_jiffies = round_jiffies(*delta_jiffies) - jiffies;
+ *dj = round_jiffies(rcu_idle_lazy_gp_delay + jiffies) - jiffies;
}
return 0;
}
/*
- * Handler for smp_call_function_single(). The only point of this
- * handler is to wake the CPU up, so the handler does only tracing.
- */
-void rcu_idle_demigrate(void *unused)
-{
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Demigrate");
-}
-
-/*
- * Timer handler used to force CPU to start pushing its remaining RCU
- * callbacks in the case where it entered dyntick-idle mode with callbacks
- * pending. The hander doesn't really need to do anything because the
- * real work is done upon re-entry to idle, or by the next scheduling-clock
- * interrupt should idle not be re-entered.
- *
- * One special case: the timer gets migrated without awakening the CPU
- * on which the timer was scheduled on. In this case, we must wake up
- * that CPU. We do so with smp_call_function_single().
- */
-static void rcu_idle_gp_timer_func(unsigned long cpu_in)
-{
- int cpu = (int)cpu_in;
-
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Timer");
- if (cpu != smp_processor_id())
- smp_call_function_single(cpu, rcu_idle_demigrate, NULL, 0);
- else
- WARN_ON_ONCE(1); /* Getting here can hang the system... */
-}
-
-/*
- * Initialize the timer used to pull CPUs out of dyntick-idle mode.
- */
-static void rcu_prepare_for_idle_init(int cpu)
-{
- struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
-
- rdtp->dyntick_holdoff = jiffies - 1;
- setup_timer(&rdtp->idle_gp_timer, rcu_idle_gp_timer_func, cpu);
- rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires = jiffies - 1;
- rdtp->idle_first_pass = 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Clean up for exit from idle. Because we are exiting from idle, there
- * is no longer any point to ->idle_gp_timer, so cancel it. This will
- * do nothing if this timer is not active, so just cancel it unconditionally.
- */
-static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(int cpu)
-{
- struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
-
- del_timer(&rdtp->idle_gp_timer);
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Cleanup after idle");
- rdtp->tick_nohz_enabled_snap = ACCESS_ONCE(tick_nohz_enabled);
-}
-
-/*
- * Check to see if any RCU-related work can be done by the current CPU,
- * and if so, schedule a softirq to get it done. This function is part
- * of the RCU implementation; it is -not- an exported member of the RCU API.
- *
- * The idea is for the current CPU to clear out all work required by the
- * RCU core for the current grace period, so that this CPU can be permitted
- * to enter dyntick-idle mode. In some cases, it will need to be awakened
- * at the end of the grace period by whatever CPU ends the grace period.
- * This allows CPUs to go dyntick-idle more quickly, and to reduce the
- * number of wakeups by a modest integer factor.
- *
- * Because it is not legal to invoke rcu_process_callbacks() with irqs
- * disabled, we do one pass of force_quiescent_state(), then do a
- * invoke_rcu_core() to cause rcu_process_callbacks() to be invoked
- * later. The ->dyntick_drain field controls the sequencing.
+ * Prepare a CPU for idle from an RCU perspective. The first major task
+ * is to sense whether nohz mode has been enabled or disabled via sysfs.
+ * The second major task is to check to see if a non-lazy callback has
+ * arrived at a CPU that previously had only lazy callbacks. The third
+ * major task is to accelerate (that is, assign grace-period numbers to)
+ * any recently arrived callbacks.
*
* The caller must have disabled interrupts.
*/
static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu)
{
- struct timer_list *tp;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
+ struct rcu_node *rnp;
+ struct rcu_state *rsp;
int tne;
/* Handle nohz enablement switches conservatively. */
tne = ACCESS_ONCE(tick_nohz_enabled);
if (tne != rdtp->tick_nohz_enabled_snap) {
- if (rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu))
+ if (rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu, NULL))
invoke_rcu_core(); /* force nohz to see update. */
rdtp->tick_nohz_enabled_snap = tne;
return;
@@ -1789,125 +1704,56 @@ static void rcu_prepare_for_idle(int cpu)
if (!tne)
return;
- /* Adaptive-tick mode, where usermode execution is idle to RCU. */
- if (!is_idle_task(current)) {
- rdtp->dyntick_holdoff = jiffies - 1;
- if (rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(cpu)) {
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("User dyntick with callbacks");
- rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires =
- round_up(jiffies + RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY,
- RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY);
- } else if (rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu)) {
- rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires =
- round_jiffies(jiffies + RCU_IDLE_LAZY_GP_DELAY);
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("User dyntick with lazy callbacks");
- } else {
- return;
- }
- tp = &rdtp->idle_gp_timer;
- mod_timer_pinned(tp, rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires);
+ /* If this is a no-CBs CPU, no callbacks, just return. */
+ if (is_nocb_cpu(cpu))
return;
- }
/*
- * If this is an idle re-entry, for example, due to use of
- * RCU_NONIDLE() or the new idle-loop tracing API within the idle
- * loop, then don't take any state-machine actions, unless the
- * momentary exit from idle queued additional non-lazy callbacks.
- * Instead, repost the ->idle_gp_timer if this CPU has callbacks
- * pending.
+ * If a non-lazy callback arrived at a CPU having only lazy
+ * callbacks, invoke RCU core for the side-effect of recalculating
+ * idle duration on re-entry to idle.
*/
- if (!rdtp->idle_first_pass &&
- (rdtp->nonlazy_posted == rdtp->nonlazy_posted_snap)) {
- if (rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu)) {
- tp = &rdtp->idle_gp_timer;
- mod_timer_pinned(tp, rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires);
- }
+ if (rdtp->all_lazy &&
+ rdtp->nonlazy_posted != rdtp->nonlazy_posted_snap) {
+ invoke_rcu_core();
return;
}
- rdtp->idle_first_pass = 0;
- rdtp->nonlazy_posted_snap = rdtp->nonlazy_posted - 1;
/*
- * If there are no callbacks on this CPU, enter dyntick-idle mode.
- * Also reset state to avoid prejudicing later attempts.
+ * If we have not yet accelerated this jiffy, accelerate all
+ * callbacks on this CPU.
*/
- if (!rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu)) {
- rdtp->dyntick_holdoff = jiffies - 1;
- rdtp->dyntick_drain = 0;
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("No callbacks");
+ if (rdtp->last_accelerate == jiffies)
return;
+ rdtp->last_accelerate = jiffies;
+ for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp) {
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+ if (!*rdp->nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL])
+ continue;
+ rnp = rdp->mynode;
+ raw_spin_lock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs already disabled. */
+ rcu_accelerate_cbs(rsp, rnp, rdp);
+ raw_spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
}
+}
- /*
- * If in holdoff mode, just return. We will presumably have
- * refrained from disabling the scheduling-clock tick.
- */
- if (rdtp->dyntick_holdoff == jiffies) {
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("In holdoff");
- return;
- }
+/*
+ * Clean up for exit from idle. Attempt to advance callbacks based on
+ * any grace periods that elapsed while the CPU was idle, and if any
+ * callbacks are now ready to invoke, initiate invocation.
+ */
+static void rcu_cleanup_after_idle(int cpu)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ struct rcu_state *rsp;
- /* Check and update the ->dyntick_drain sequencing. */
- if (rdtp->dyntick_drain <= 0) {
- /* First time through, initialize the counter. */
- rdtp->dyntick_drain = RCU_IDLE_FLUSHES;
- } else if (rdtp->dyntick_drain <= RCU_IDLE_OPT_FLUSHES &&
- !rcu_pending(cpu) &&
- !local_softirq_pending()) {
- /* Can we go dyntick-idle despite still having callbacks? */
- rdtp->dyntick_drain = 0;
- rdtp->dyntick_holdoff = jiffies;
- if (rcu_cpu_has_nonlazy_callbacks(cpu)) {
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Dyntick with callbacks");
- rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires =
- round_up(jiffies + RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY,
- RCU_IDLE_GP_DELAY);
- } else {
- rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires =
- round_jiffies(jiffies + RCU_IDLE_LAZY_GP_DELAY);
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Dyntick with lazy callbacks");
- }
- tp = &rdtp->idle_gp_timer;
- mod_timer_pinned(tp, rdtp->idle_gp_timer_expires);
- rdtp->nonlazy_posted_snap = rdtp->nonlazy_posted;
- return; /* Nothing more to do immediately. */
- } else if (--(rdtp->dyntick_drain) <= 0) {
- /* We have hit the limit, so time to give up. */
- rdtp->dyntick_holdoff = jiffies;
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Begin holdoff");
- invoke_rcu_core(); /* Force the CPU out of dyntick-idle. */
+ if (is_nocb_cpu(cpu))
return;
- }
-
- /*
- * Do one step of pushing the remaining RCU callbacks through
- * the RCU core state machine.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
- if (per_cpu(rcu_preempt_data, cpu).nxtlist) {
- rcu_preempt_qs(cpu);
- force_quiescent_state(&rcu_preempt_state);
- }
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU */
- if (per_cpu(rcu_sched_data, cpu).nxtlist) {
- rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
- force_quiescent_state(&rcu_sched_state);
- }
- if (per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu).nxtlist) {
- rcu_bh_qs(cpu);
- force_quiescent_state(&rcu_bh_state);
- }
-
- /*
- * If RCU callbacks are still pending, RCU still needs this CPU.
- * So try forcing the callbacks through the grace period.
- */
- if (rcu_cpu_has_callbacks(cpu)) {
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("More callbacks");
- invoke_rcu_core();
- } else {
- trace_rcu_prep_idle("Callbacks drained");
+ rcu_try_advance_all_cbs();
+ for_each_rcu_flavor(rsp) {
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+ if (cpu_has_callbacks_ready_to_invoke(rdp))
+ invoke_rcu_core();
}
}
@@ -2015,16 +1861,13 @@ early_initcall(rcu_register_oom_notifier);
static void print_cpu_stall_fast_no_hz(char *cp, int cpu)
{
struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
- struct timer_list *tltp = &rdtp->idle_gp_timer;
- char c;
+ unsigned long nlpd = rdtp->nonlazy_posted - rdtp->nonlazy_posted_snap;
- c = rdtp->dyntick_holdoff == jiffies ? 'H' : '.';
- if (timer_pending(tltp))
- sprintf(cp, "drain=%d %c timer=%lu",
- rdtp->dyntick_drain, c, tltp->expires - jiffies);
- else
- sprintf(cp, "drain=%d %c timer not pending",
- rdtp->dyntick_drain, c);
+ sprintf(cp, "last_accelerate: %04lx/%04lx, nonlazy_posted: %ld, %c%c",
+ rdtp->last_accelerate & 0xffff, jiffies & 0xffff,
+ ulong2long(nlpd),
+ rdtp->all_lazy ? 'L' : '.',
+ rdtp->tick_nohz_enabled_snap ? '.' : 'D');
}
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ */
@@ -2070,10 +1913,11 @@ static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu)
ticks_value = rsp->gpnum - rdp->gpnum;
}
print_cpu_stall_fast_no_hz(fast_no_hz, cpu);
- printk(KERN_ERR "\t%d: (%lu %s) idle=%03x/%llx/%d %s\n",
+ printk(KERN_ERR "\t%d: (%lu %s) idle=%03x/%llx/%d softirq=%u/%u %s\n",
cpu, ticks_value, ticks_title,
atomic_read(&rdtp->dynticks) & 0xfff,
rdtp->dynticks_nesting, rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting,
+ rdp->softirq_snap, kstat_softirqs_cpu(RCU_SOFTIRQ, cpu),
fast_no_hz);
}
@@ -2087,6 +1931,7 @@ static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void)
static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
rdp->ticks_this_gp = 0;
+ rdp->softirq_snap = kstat_softirqs_cpu(RCU_SOFTIRQ, smp_processor_id());
}
/* Increment ->ticks_this_gp for all flavors of RCU. */
@@ -2165,6 +2010,47 @@ static int __init parse_rcu_nocb_poll(char *arg)
}
early_param("rcu_nocb_poll", parse_rcu_nocb_poll);
+/*
+ * Do any no-CBs CPUs need another grace period?
+ *
+ * Interrupts must be disabled. If the caller does not hold the root
+ * rnp_node structure's ->lock, the results are advisory only.
+ */
+static int rcu_nocb_needs_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+
+ return rnp->need_future_gp[(ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed) + 1) & 0x1];
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wake up any no-CBs CPUs' kthreads that were waiting on the just-ended
+ * grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ wake_up_all(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[rnp->completed & 0x1]);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Set the root rcu_node structure's ->need_future_gp field
+ * based on the sum of those of all rcu_node structures. This does
+ * double-count the root rcu_node structure's requests, but this
+ * is necessary to handle the possibility of a rcu_nocb_kthread()
+ * having awakened during the time that the rcu_node structures
+ * were being updated for the end of the previous grace period.
+ */
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_set(struct rcu_node *rnp, int nrq)
+{
+ rnp->need_future_gp[(rnp->completed + 1) & 0x1] += nrq;
+}
+
+static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+ init_waitqueue_head(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[0]);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&rnp->nocb_gp_wq[1]);
+}
+
/* Is the specified CPU a no-CPUs CPU? */
static bool is_nocb_cpu(int cpu)
{
@@ -2227,6 +2113,13 @@ static bool __call_rcu_nocb(struct rcu_data *rdp, struct rcu_head *rhp,
if (!is_nocb_cpu(rdp->cpu))
return 0;
__call_rcu_nocb_enqueue(rdp, rhp, &rhp->next, 1, lazy);
+ if (__is_kfree_rcu_offset((unsigned long)rhp->func))
+ trace_rcu_kfree_callback(rdp->rsp->name, rhp,
+ (unsigned long)rhp->func,
+ rdp->qlen_lazy, rdp->qlen);
+ else
+ trace_rcu_callback(rdp->rsp->name, rhp,
+ rdp->qlen_lazy, rdp->qlen);
return 1;
}
@@ -2265,95 +2158,36 @@ static bool __maybe_unused rcu_nocb_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp,
}
/*
- * There must be at least one non-no-CBs CPU in operation at any given
- * time, because no-CBs CPUs are not capable of initiating grace periods
- * independently. This function therefore complains if the specified
- * CPU is the last non-no-CBs CPU, allowing the CPU-hotplug system to
- * avoid offlining the last such CPU. (Recursion is a wonderful thing,
- * but you have to have a base case!)
+ * If necessary, kick off a new grace period, and either way wait
+ * for a subsequent grace period to complete.
*/
-static bool nocb_cpu_expendable(int cpu)
+static void rcu_nocb_wait_gp(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
- cpumask_var_t non_nocb_cpus;
- int ret;
+ unsigned long c;
+ bool d;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp = rdp->mynode;
+
+ raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
+ c = rcu_start_future_gp(rnp, rdp);
+ raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
/*
- * If there are no no-CB CPUs or if this CPU is not a no-CB CPU,
- * then offlining this CPU is harmless. Let it happen.
+ * Wait for the grace period. Do so interruptibly to avoid messing
+ * up the load average.
*/
- if (!have_rcu_nocb_mask || is_nocb_cpu(cpu))
- return 1;
-
- /* If no memory, play it safe and keep the CPU around. */
- if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&non_nocb_cpus, GFP_NOIO))
- return 0;
- cpumask_andnot(non_nocb_cpus, cpu_online_mask, rcu_nocb_mask);
- cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, non_nocb_cpus);
- ret = !cpumask_empty(non_nocb_cpus);
- free_cpumask_var(non_nocb_cpus);
- return ret;
-}
-
-/*
- * Helper structure for remote registry of RCU callbacks.
- * This is needed for when a no-CBs CPU needs to start a grace period.
- * If it just invokes call_rcu(), the resulting callback will be queued,
- * which can result in deadlock.
- */
-struct rcu_head_remote {
- struct rcu_head *rhp;
- call_rcu_func_t *crf;
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rhp);
-};
-
-/*
- * Register a callback as specified by the rcu_head_remote struct.
- * This function is intended to be invoked via smp_call_function_single().
- */
-static void call_rcu_local(void *arg)
-{
- struct rcu_head_remote *rhrp =
- container_of(arg, struct rcu_head_remote, rhp);
-
- rhrp->crf(rhrp->rhp, rhrp->func);
-}
-
-/*
- * Set up an rcu_head_remote structure and the invoke call_rcu_local()
- * on CPU 0 (which is guaranteed to be a non-no-CBs CPU) via
- * smp_call_function_single().
- */
-static void invoke_crf_remote(struct rcu_head *rhp,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rhp),
- call_rcu_func_t crf)
-{
- struct rcu_head_remote rhr;
-
- rhr.rhp = rhp;
- rhr.crf = crf;
- rhr.func = func;
- smp_call_function_single(0, call_rcu_local, &rhr, 1);
-}
-
-/*
- * Helper functions to be passed to wait_rcu_gp(), each of which
- * invokes invoke_crf_remote() to register a callback appropriately.
- */
-static void __maybe_unused
-call_rcu_preempt_remote(struct rcu_head *rhp,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rhp))
-{
- invoke_crf_remote(rhp, func, call_rcu);
-}
-static void call_rcu_bh_remote(struct rcu_head *rhp,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rhp))
-{
- invoke_crf_remote(rhp, func, call_rcu_bh);
-}
-static void call_rcu_sched_remote(struct rcu_head *rhp,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rhp))
-{
- invoke_crf_remote(rhp, func, call_rcu_sched);
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "StartWait");
+ for (;;) {
+ wait_event_interruptible(
+ rnp->nocb_gp_wq[c & 0x1],
+ (d = ULONG_CMP_GE(ACCESS_ONCE(rnp->completed), c)));
+ if (likely(d))
+ break;
+ flush_signals(current);
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "ResumeWait");
+ }
+ trace_rcu_future_gp(rnp, rdp, c, "EndWait");
+ smp_mb(); /* Ensure that CB invocation happens after GP end. */
}
/*
@@ -2390,7 +2224,7 @@ static int rcu_nocb_kthread(void *arg)
cl = atomic_long_xchg(&rdp->nocb_q_count_lazy, 0);
ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->nocb_p_count) += c;
ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->nocb_p_count_lazy) += cl;
- wait_rcu_gp(rdp->rsp->call_remote);
+ rcu_nocb_wait_gp(rdp);
/* Each pass through the following loop invokes a callback. */
trace_rcu_batch_start(rdp->rsp->name, cl, c, -1);
@@ -2436,32 +2270,41 @@ static void __init rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(struct rcu_state *rsp)
return;
for_each_cpu(cpu, rcu_nocb_mask) {
rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
- t = kthread_run(rcu_nocb_kthread, rdp, "rcuo%d", cpu);
+ t = kthread_run(rcu_nocb_kthread, rdp,
+ "rcuo%c/%d", rsp->abbr, cpu);
BUG_ON(IS_ERR(t));
ACCESS_ONCE(rdp->nocb_kthread) = t;
}
}
/* Prevent __call_rcu() from enqueuing callbacks on no-CBs CPUs */
-static void init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+static bool init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
if (rcu_nocb_mask == NULL ||
!cpumask_test_cpu(rdp->cpu, rcu_nocb_mask))
- return;
+ return false;
rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = NULL;
+ return true;
+}
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
+
+static int rcu_nocb_needs_gp(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ return 0;
}
-/* Initialize the ->call_remote fields in the rcu_state structures. */
-static void __init rcu_init_nocb(void)
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_cleanup(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
- rcu_preempt_state.call_remote = call_rcu_preempt_remote;
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU */
- rcu_bh_state.call_remote = call_rcu_bh_remote;
- rcu_sched_state.call_remote = call_rcu_sched_remote;
}
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
+static void rcu_nocb_gp_set(struct rcu_node *rnp, int nrq)
+{
+}
+
+static void rcu_init_one_nocb(struct rcu_node *rnp)
+{
+}
static bool is_nocb_cpu(int cpu)
{
@@ -2480,11 +2323,6 @@ static bool __maybe_unused rcu_nocb_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp,
return 0;
}
-static bool nocb_cpu_expendable(int cpu)
-{
- return 1;
-}
-
static void __init rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
}
@@ -2493,12 +2331,9 @@ static void __init rcu_spawn_nocb_kthreads(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
}
-static void init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-}
-
-static void __init rcu_init_nocb(void)
+static bool init_nocb_callback_list(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
+ return false;
}
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
index 0d095dcaa67..49099e81c87 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
@@ -46,8 +46,6 @@
#define RCU_TREE_NONCORE
#include "rcutree.h"
-#define ulong2long(a) (*(long *)(&(a)))
-
static int r_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
const struct seq_operations *op)
{