diff options
authorDavid Jeffery <djeffery@redhat.com>2015-01-19 13:03:25 -0600
committerTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>2015-01-19 14:11:23 -0500
commitce7514526742c0898b837d4395f515b79dfb5a12 (patch)
parent72dd299d5039a336493993dcc63413cf31d0e662 (diff)
libata: prevent HSM state change race between ISR and PIO
It is possible for ata_sff_flush_pio_task() to set ap->hsm_task_state to HSM_ST_IDLE in between the time __ata_sff_port_intr() checks for HSM_ST_IDLE and before it calls ata_sff_hsm_move() causing ata_sff_hsm_move() to BUG(). This problem is hard to reproduce making this patch hard to verify, but this fix will prevent the race. I have not been able to reproduce the problem, but here is a crash dump from a 2.6.32 kernel. On examining the ata port's state, its hsm_task_state field has a value of HSM_ST_IDLE: crash> struct ata_port.hsm_task_state ffff881c1121c000 hsm_task_state = 0 Normally, this should not be possible as ata_sff_hsm_move() was called from ata_sff_host_intr(), which checks hsm_task_state and won't call ata_sff_hsm_move() if it has a HSM_ST_IDLE value. PID: 11053 TASK: ffff8816e846cae0 CPU: 0 COMMAND: "sshd" #0 [ffff88008ba03960] machine_kexec at ffffffff81038f3b #1 [ffff88008ba039c0] crash_kexec at ffffffff810c5d92 #2 [ffff88008ba03a90] oops_end at ffffffff8152b510 #3 [ffff88008ba03ac0] die at ffffffff81010e0b #4 [ffff88008ba03af0] do_trap at ffffffff8152ad74 #5 [ffff88008ba03b50] do_invalid_op at ffffffff8100cf95 #6 [ffff88008ba03bf0] invalid_op at ffffffff8100bf9b [exception RIP: ata_sff_hsm_move+317] RIP: ffffffff813a77ad RSP: ffff88008ba03ca0 RFLAGS: 00010097 RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff881c1121dc60 RCX: 0000000000000000 RDX: ffff881c1121dd10 RSI: ffff881c1121dc60 RDI: ffff881c1121c000 RBP: ffff88008ba03d00 R8: 0000000000000000 R9: 000000000000002e R10: 000000000001003f R11: 000000000000009b R12: ffff881c1121c000 R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000050 R15: ffff881c1121dd78 ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff CS: 0010 SS: 0018 #7 [ffff88008ba03d08] ata_sff_host_intr at ffffffff813a7fbd #8 [ffff88008ba03d38] ata_sff_interrupt at ffffffff813a821e #9 [ffff88008ba03d78] handle_IRQ_event at ffffffff810e6ec0 --- <IRQ stack> --- [exception RIP: pipe_poll+48] RIP: ffffffff81192780 RSP: ffff880f26d459b8 RFLAGS: 00000246 RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff880f26d459c8 RCX: 0000000000000000 RDX: 0000000000000001 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffff881a0539fa80 RBP: ffffffff8100bb8e R8: ffff8803b23324a0 R9: 0000000000000000 R10: ffff880f26d45dd0 R11: 0000000000000008 R12: ffffffff8109b646 R13: ffff880f26d45948 R14: 0000000000000246 R15: 0000000000000246 ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffff10 CS: 0010 SS: 0018 RIP: 00007f26017435c3 RSP: 00007fffe020c420 RFLAGS: 00000206 RAX: 0000000000000017 RBX: ffffffff8100b072 RCX: 00007fffe020c45c RDX: 00007f2604a3f120 RSI: 00007f2604a3f140 RDI: 000000000000000d RBP: 0000000000000000 R8: 00007fffe020e570 R9: 0101010101010101 R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 00007fffe020e5f0 R13: 00007fffe020e5f4 R14: 00007f26045f373c R15: 00007fffe020e5e0 ORIG_RAX: 0000000000000017 CS: 0033 SS: 002b Somewhere between the ata_sff_hsm_move() check and the ata_sff_host_intr() check, the value changed. On examining the other cpus to see what else was running, another cpu was running the error handler routines: PID: 326 TASK: ffff881c11014aa0 CPU: 1 COMMAND: "scsi_eh_1" #0 [ffff88008ba27e90] crash_nmi_callback at ffffffff8102fee6 #1 [ffff88008ba27ea0] notifier_call_chain at ffffffff8152d515 #2 [ffff88008ba27ee0] atomic_notifier_call_chain at ffffffff8152d57a #3 [ffff88008ba27ef0] notify_die at ffffffff810a154e #4 [ffff88008ba27f20] do_nmi at ffffffff8152b1db #5 [ffff88008ba27f50] nmi at ffffffff8152aaa0 [exception RIP: _spin_lock_irqsave+47] RIP: ffffffff8152a1ff RSP: ffff881c11a73aa0 RFLAGS: 00000006 RAX: 0000000000000001 RBX: ffff881c1121deb8 RCX: 0000000000000000 RDX: 0000000000000246 RSI: 0000000000000020 RDI: ffff881c122612d8 RBP: ffff881c11a73aa0 R8: ffff881c17083800 R9: 0000000000000000 R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff881c1121c000 R13: 000000000000001f R14: ffff881c1121dd50 R15: ffff881c1121dc60 ORIG_RAX: ffffffffffffffff CS: 0010 SS: 0000 --- <NMI exception stack> --- #6 [ffff881c11a73aa0] _spin_lock_irqsave at ffffffff8152a1ff #7 [ffff881c11a73aa8] ata_exec_internal_sg at ffffffff81396fb5 #8 [ffff881c11a73b58] ata_exec_internal at ffffffff81397109 #9 [ffff881c11a73bd8] atapi_eh_request_sense at ffffffff813a34eb Before it tried to acquire a spinlock, ata_exec_internal_sg() called ata_sff_flush_pio_task(). This function will set ap->hsm_task_state to HSM_ST_IDLE, and has no locking around setting this value. ata_sff_flush_pio_task() can then race with the interrupt handler and potentially set HSM_ST_IDLE at a fatal moment, which will trigger a kernel BUG. v2: Fixup comment in ata_sff_flush_pio_task() tj: Further updated comment. Use ap->lock instead of shost lock and use the [un]lock_irq variant instead of the irqsave/restore one. Signed-off-by: David Milburn <dmilburn@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/ata/libata-sff.c b/drivers/ata/libata-sff.c
index db90aa35cb7..2e86e3b8526 100644
--- a/drivers/ata/libata-sff.c
+++ b/drivers/ata/libata-sff.c
@@ -1333,7 +1333,19 @@ void ata_sff_flush_pio_task(struct ata_port *ap)
+ /*
+ * We wanna reset the HSM state to IDLE. If we do so without
+ * grabbing the port lock, critical sections protected by it which
+ * expect the HSM state to stay stable may get surprised. For
+ * example, we may set IDLE in between the time
+ * __ata_sff_port_intr() checks for HSM_ST_IDLE and before it calls
+ * ata_sff_hsm_move() causing ata_sff_hsm_move() to BUG().
+ */
+ spin_lock_irq(ap->lock);
ap->hsm_task_state = HSM_ST_IDLE;
+ spin_unlock_irq(ap->lock);
ap->sff_pio_task_link = NULL;
if (ata_msg_ctl(ap))