aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-03-31 12:00:45 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-03-31 12:00:45 -0700
commit918d80a136430aeb23659aa75f8b415090500667 (patch)
treed11d394f63ed9ea0d1830b87cae6d5200501a7cd
parent26a5c0dfbc9c4b1c455821c0a0ea6d6116082397 (diff)
parent69f2366c9456d0ce784cf5aba87ee77eeadc1d5e (diff)
downloadlinux-918d80a136430aeb23659aa75f8b415090500667.tar.gz
Merge branch 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull x86 cpu handling changes from Ingo Molnar: "Bigger changes: - Intel CPU hardware-enablement: new vector instructions support (AVX-512), by Fenghua Yu. - Support the clflushopt instruction and use it in appropriate places. clflushopt is similar to clflush but with more relaxed ordering, by Ross Zwisler. - MSR accessor cleanups, by Borislav Petkov. - 'forcepae' boot flag for those who have way too much time to spend on way too old Pentium-M systems and want to live way too dangerously, by Chris Bainbridge" * 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: x86, cpu: Add forcepae parameter for booting PAE kernels on PAE-disabled Pentium M Rename TAINT_UNSAFE_SMP to TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC x86, intel: Make MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE bit constants systematic x86, Intel: Convert to the new bit access MSR accessors x86, AMD: Convert to the new bit access MSR accessors x86: Add another set of MSR accessor functions x86: Use clflushopt in drm_clflush_virt_range x86: Use clflushopt in drm_clflush_page x86: Use clflushopt in clflush_cache_range x86: Add support for the clflushopt instruction x86, AVX-512: Enable AVX-512 States Context Switch x86, AVX-512: AVX-512 Feature Detection
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt7
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/boot/cpucheck.c20
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/xsave.h16
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h75
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c50
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c53
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lib/msr.c89
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c8
-rw-r--r--drivers/gpu/drm/drm_cache.c10
-rw-r--r--include/linux/kernel.h2
-rw-r--r--kernel/module.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/panic.c2
15 files changed, 248 insertions, 101 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 7116fda7077..06600cc9a26 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -1011,6 +1011,13 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
parameter will force ia64_sal_cache_flush to call
ia64_pal_cache_flush instead of SAL_CACHE_FLUSH.
+ forcepae [X86-32]
+ Forcefully enable Physical Address Extension (PAE).
+ Many Pentium M systems disable PAE but may have a
+ functionally usable PAE implementation.
+ Warning: use of this parameter will taint the kernel
+ and may cause unknown problems.
+
ftrace=[tracer]
[FTRACE] will set and start the specified tracer
as early as possible in order to facilitate early
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/cpucheck.c b/arch/x86/boot/cpucheck.c
index 100a9a10076..f0d0b20fe14 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/cpucheck.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/cpucheck.c
@@ -67,6 +67,13 @@ static int is_transmeta(void)
cpu_vendor[2] == A32('M', 'x', '8', '6');
}
+static int is_intel(void)
+{
+ return cpu_vendor[0] == A32('G', 'e', 'n', 'u') &&
+ cpu_vendor[1] == A32('i', 'n', 'e', 'I') &&
+ cpu_vendor[2] == A32('n', 't', 'e', 'l');
+}
+
/* Returns a bitmask of which words we have error bits in */
static int check_cpuflags(void)
{
@@ -153,6 +160,19 @@ int check_cpu(int *cpu_level_ptr, int *req_level_ptr, u32 **err_flags_ptr)
asm("wrmsr" : : "a" (eax), "d" (edx), "c" (ecx));
err = check_cpuflags();
+ } else if (err == 0x01 &&
+ !(err_flags[0] & ~(1 << X86_FEATURE_PAE)) &&
+ is_intel() && cpu.level == 6 &&
+ (cpu.model == 9 || cpu.model == 13)) {
+ /* PAE is disabled on this Pentium M but can be forced */
+ if (cmdline_find_option_bool("forcepae")) {
+ puts("WARNING: Forcing PAE in CPU flags\n");
+ set_bit(X86_FEATURE_PAE, cpu.flags);
+ err = check_cpuflags();
+ }
+ else {
+ puts("WARNING: PAE disabled. Use parameter 'forcepae' to enable at your own risk!\n");
+ }
}
if (err_flags_ptr)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index e099f9502ac..bc507d7640f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -217,9 +217,14 @@
#define X86_FEATURE_INVPCID (9*32+10) /* Invalidate Processor Context ID */
#define X86_FEATURE_RTM (9*32+11) /* Restricted Transactional Memory */
#define X86_FEATURE_MPX (9*32+14) /* Memory Protection Extension */
+#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512F (9*32+16) /* AVX-512 Foundation */
#define X86_FEATURE_RDSEED (9*32+18) /* The RDSEED instruction */
#define X86_FEATURE_ADX (9*32+19) /* The ADCX and ADOX instructions */
#define X86_FEATURE_SMAP (9*32+20) /* Supervisor Mode Access Prevention */
+#define X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT (9*32+23) /* CLFLUSHOPT instruction */
+#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512PF (9*32+26) /* AVX-512 Prefetch */
+#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512ER (9*32+27) /* AVX-512 Exponential and Reciprocal */
+#define X86_FEATURE_AVX512CD (9*32+28) /* AVX-512 Conflict Detection */
/*
* BUG word(s)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
index e139b13f2a3..de36f22eb0b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/msr.h
@@ -214,6 +214,8 @@ do { \
struct msr *msrs_alloc(void);
void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs);
+int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit);
+int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
int rdmsr_on_cpu(unsigned int cpu, u32 msr_no, u32 *l, u32 *h);
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
index 645cad2c95f..e820c080a4e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/special_insns.h
@@ -191,6 +191,14 @@ static inline void clflush(volatile void *__p)
asm volatile("clflush %0" : "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p));
}
+static inline void clflushopt(volatile void *__p)
+{
+ alternative_io(".byte " __stringify(NOP_DS_PREFIX) "; clflush %P0",
+ ".byte 0x66; clflush %P0",
+ X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSHOPT,
+ "+m" (*(volatile char __force *)__p));
+}
+
#define nop() asm volatile ("nop")
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/xsave.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/xsave.h
index 554738963b2..6c1d7411eb0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/xsave.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/xsave.h
@@ -6,11 +6,14 @@
#define XSTATE_CPUID 0x0000000d
-#define XSTATE_FP 0x1
-#define XSTATE_SSE 0x2
-#define XSTATE_YMM 0x4
-#define XSTATE_BNDREGS 0x8
-#define XSTATE_BNDCSR 0x10
+#define XSTATE_FP 0x1
+#define XSTATE_SSE 0x2
+#define XSTATE_YMM 0x4
+#define XSTATE_BNDREGS 0x8
+#define XSTATE_BNDCSR 0x10
+#define XSTATE_OPMASK 0x20
+#define XSTATE_ZMM_Hi256 0x40
+#define XSTATE_Hi16_ZMM 0x80
#define XSTATE_FPSSE (XSTATE_FP | XSTATE_SSE)
@@ -23,7 +26,8 @@
#define XSAVE_YMM_OFFSET (XSAVE_HDR_SIZE + XSAVE_HDR_OFFSET)
/* Supported features which support lazy state saving */
-#define XSTATE_LAZY (XSTATE_FP | XSTATE_SSE | XSTATE_YMM)
+#define XSTATE_LAZY (XSTATE_FP | XSTATE_SSE | XSTATE_YMM \
+ | XSTATE_OPMASK | XSTATE_ZMM_Hi256 | XSTATE_Hi16_ZMM)
/* Supported features which require eager state saving */
#define XSTATE_EAGER (XSTATE_BNDREGS | XSTATE_BNDCSR)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
index c19fc60ff06..4924f4be2b9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/msr-index.h
@@ -368,33 +368,58 @@
#define THERM_LOG_THRESHOLD1 (1 << 9)
/* MISC_ENABLE bits: architectural */
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING (1ULL << 0)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TCC (1ULL << 1)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_EMON (1ULL << 7)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_BTS_UNAVAIL (1ULL << 11)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PEBS_UNAVAIL (1ULL << 12)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ENHANCED_SPEEDSTEP (1ULL << 16)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_MWAIT (1ULL << 18)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID (1ULL << 22)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XTPR_DISABLE (1ULL << 23)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XD_DISABLE (1ULL << 34)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING_BIT 0
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TCC_BIT 1
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TCC (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TCC_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_EMON_BIT 7
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_EMON (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_EMON_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_BTS_UNAVAIL_BIT 11
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_BTS_UNAVAIL (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_BTS_UNAVAIL_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PEBS_UNAVAIL_BIT 12
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PEBS_UNAVAIL (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PEBS_UNAVAIL_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ENHANCED_SPEEDSTEP_BIT 16
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ENHANCED_SPEEDSTEP (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ENHANCED_SPEEDSTEP_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_MWAIT_BIT 18
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_MWAIT (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_MWAIT_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID_BIT 22
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID_BIT);
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XTPR_DISABLE_BIT 23
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XTPR_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XTPR_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XD_DISABLE_BIT 34
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XD_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_XD_DISABLE_BIT)
/* MISC_ENABLE bits: model-specific, meaning may vary from core to core */
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_X87_COMPAT (1ULL << 2)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM1 (1ULL << 3)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPLIT_LOCK_DISABLE (1ULL << 4)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L3CACHE_DISABLE (1ULL << 6)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SUPPRESS_LOCK (1ULL << 8)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE (1ULL << 9)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR (1ULL << 10)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR_MULTIPLEX (1ULL << 10)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM2 (1ULL << 13)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ADJ_PREF_DISABLE (1ULL << 19)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPEEDSTEP_LOCK (1ULL << 20)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L1D_CONTEXT (1ULL << 24)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_DCU_PREF_DISABLE (1ULL << 37)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TURBO_DISABLE (1ULL << 38)
-#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_IP_PREF_DISABLE (1ULL << 39)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_X87_COMPAT_BIT 2
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_X87_COMPAT (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_X87_COMPAT_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM1_BIT 3
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM1 (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM1_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPLIT_LOCK_DISABLE_BIT 4
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPLIT_LOCK_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPLIT_LOCK_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L3CACHE_DISABLE_BIT 6
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L3CACHE_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L3CACHE_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SUPPRESS_LOCK_BIT 8
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SUPPRESS_LOCK (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SUPPRESS_LOCK_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE_BIT 9
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR_BIT 10
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR_MULTIPLEX_BIT 10
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR_MULTIPLEX (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FERR_MULTIPLEX_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM2_BIT 13
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM2 (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TM2_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ADJ_PREF_DISABLE_BIT 19
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ADJ_PREF_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_ADJ_PREF_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPEEDSTEP_LOCK_BIT 20
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPEEDSTEP_LOCK (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_SPEEDSTEP_LOCK_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L1D_CONTEXT_BIT 24
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L1D_CONTEXT (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_L1D_CONTEXT_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_DCU_PREF_DISABLE_BIT 37
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_DCU_PREF_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_DCU_PREF_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TURBO_DISABLE_BIT 38
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TURBO_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TURBO_DISABLE_BIT)
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_IP_PREF_DISABLE_BIT 39
+#define MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_IP_PREF_DISABLE (1ULL << MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_IP_PREF_DISABLE_BIT)
#define MSR_IA32_TSC_DEADLINE 0x000006E0
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
index c67ffa68606..ce8b8ff0e0e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
@@ -218,7 +218,7 @@ static void amd_k7_smp_check(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
*/
WARN_ONCE(1, "WARNING: This combination of AMD"
" processors is not suitable for SMP.\n");
- add_taint(TAINT_UNSAFE_SMP, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
+ add_taint(TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
}
static void init_amd_k7(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
@@ -233,9 +233,7 @@ static void init_amd_k7(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
if (c->x86_model >= 6 && c->x86_model <= 10) {
if (!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_XMM)) {
printk(KERN_INFO "Enabling disabled K7/SSE Support.\n");
- rdmsr(MSR_K7_HWCR, l, h);
- l &= ~0x00008000;
- wrmsr(MSR_K7_HWCR, l, h);
+ msr_clear_bit(MSR_K7_HWCR, 15);
set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_XMM);
}
}
@@ -509,14 +507,8 @@ static void early_init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
#endif
/* F16h erratum 793, CVE-2013-6885 */
- if (c->x86 == 0x16 && c->x86_model <= 0xf) {
- u64 val;
-
- rdmsrl(MSR_AMD64_LS_CFG, val);
- if (!(val & BIT(15)))
- wrmsrl(MSR_AMD64_LS_CFG, val | BIT(15));
- }
-
+ if (c->x86 == 0x16 && c->x86_model <= 0xf)
+ msr_set_bit(MSR_AMD64_LS_CFG, 15);
}
static const int amd_erratum_383[];
@@ -536,11 +528,8 @@ static void init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
* Errata 63 for SH-B3 steppings
* Errata 122 for all steppings (F+ have it disabled by default)
*/
- if (c->x86 == 0xf) {
- rdmsrl(MSR_K7_HWCR, value);
- value |= 1 << 6;
- wrmsrl(MSR_K7_HWCR, value);
- }
+ if (c->x86 == 0xf)
+ msr_set_bit(MSR_K7_HWCR, 6);
#endif
early_init_amd(c);
@@ -623,14 +612,11 @@ static void init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
(c->x86_model >= 0x10) && (c->x86_model <= 0x1f) &&
!cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_TOPOEXT)) {
- if (!rdmsrl_safe(0xc0011005, &value)) {
- value |= 1ULL << 54;
- wrmsrl_safe(0xc0011005, value);
+ if (msr_set_bit(0xc0011005, 54) > 0) {
rdmsrl(0xc0011005, value);
- if (value & (1ULL << 54)) {
+ if (value & BIT_64(54)) {
set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_TOPOEXT);
- printk(KERN_INFO FW_INFO "CPU: Re-enabling "
- "disabled Topology Extensions Support\n");
+ pr_info(FW_INFO "CPU: Re-enabling disabled Topology Extensions Support.\n");
}
}
}
@@ -709,19 +695,12 @@ static void init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
* Disable GART TLB Walk Errors on Fam10h. We do this here
* because this is always needed when GART is enabled, even in a
* kernel which has no MCE support built in.
- * BIOS should disable GartTlbWlk Errors themself. If
- * it doesn't do it here as suggested by the BKDG.
+ * BIOS should disable GartTlbWlk Errors already. If
+ * it doesn't, do it here as suggested by the BKDG.
*
* Fixes: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=33012
*/
- u64 mask;
- int err;
-
- err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_AMD64_MCx_MASK(4), &mask);
- if (err == 0) {
- mask |= (1 << 10);
- wrmsrl_safe(MSR_AMD64_MCx_MASK(4), mask);
- }
+ msr_set_bit(MSR_AMD64_MCx_MASK(4), 10);
/*
* On family 10h BIOS may not have properly enabled WC+ support,
@@ -733,10 +712,7 @@ static void init_amd(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
* NOTE: we want to use the _safe accessors so as not to #GP kvm
* guests on older kvm hosts.
*/
-
- rdmsrl_safe(MSR_AMD64_BU_CFG2, &value);
- value &= ~(1ULL << 24);
- wrmsrl_safe(MSR_AMD64_BU_CFG2, value);
+ msr_clear_bit(MSR_AMD64_BU_CFG2, 24);
if (cpu_has_amd_erratum(c, amd_erratum_383))
set_cpu_bug(c, X86_BUG_AMD_TLB_MMATCH);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
index 5cd9bfabd64..897d6201ef1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/intel.c
@@ -31,11 +31,8 @@ static void early_init_intel(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
/* Unmask CPUID levels if masked: */
if (c->x86 > 6 || (c->x86 == 6 && c->x86_model >= 0xd)) {
- rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, misc_enable);
-
- if (misc_enable & MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID) {
- misc_enable &= ~MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID;
- wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, misc_enable);
+ if (msr_clear_bit(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE,
+ MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_LIMIT_CPUID_BIT) > 0) {
c->cpuid_level = cpuid_eax(0);
get_cpu_cap(c);
}
@@ -129,16 +126,10 @@ static void early_init_intel(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
* Ingo Molnar reported a Pentium D (model 6) and a Xeon
* (model 2) with the same problem.
*/
- if (c->x86 == 15) {
- rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, misc_enable);
-
- if (misc_enable & MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING) {
- printk(KERN_INFO "kmemcheck: Disabling fast string operations\n");
-
- misc_enable &= ~MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING;
- wrmsrl(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, misc_enable);
- }
- }
+ if (c->x86 == 15)
+ if (msr_clear_bit(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE,
+ MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_FAST_STRING_BIT) > 0)
+ pr_info("kmemcheck: Disabling fast string operations\n");
#endif
/*
@@ -195,10 +186,16 @@ static void intel_smp_check(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
}
}
-static void intel_workarounds(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
+static int forcepae;
+static int __init forcepae_setup(char *__unused)
{
- unsigned long lo, hi;
+ forcepae = 1;
+ return 1;
+}
+__setup("forcepae", forcepae_setup);
+static void intel_workarounds(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
+{
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_F00F_BUG
/*
* All current models of Pentium and Pentium with MMX technology CPUs
@@ -225,16 +222,26 @@ static void intel_workarounds(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
clear_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_SEP);
/*
+ * PAE CPUID issue: many Pentium M report no PAE but may have a
+ * functionally usable PAE implementation.
+ * Forcefully enable PAE if kernel parameter "forcepae" is present.
+ */
+ if (forcepae) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "PAE forced!\n");
+ set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_PAE);
+ add_taint(TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC, LOCKDEP_NOW_UNRELIABLE);
+ }
+
+ /*
* P4 Xeon errata 037 workaround.
* Hardware prefetcher may cause stale data to be loaded into the cache.
*/
if ((c->x86 == 15) && (c->x86_model == 1) && (c->x86_mask == 1)) {
- rdmsr(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, lo, hi);
- if ((lo & MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE) == 0) {
- printk (KERN_INFO "CPU: C0 stepping P4 Xeon detected.\n");
- printk (KERN_INFO "CPU: Disabling hardware prefetching (Errata 037)\n");
- lo |= MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE;
- wrmsr(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, lo, hi);
+ if (msr_set_bit(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE,
+ MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_PREFETCH_DISABLE_BIT)
+ > 0) {
+ pr_info("CPU: C0 stepping P4 Xeon detected.\n");
+ pr_info("CPU: Disabling hardware prefetching (Errata 037)\n");
}
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/msr.c b/arch/x86/lib/msr.c
index 8f8eebdca7d..db9db446b71 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/msr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/msr.c
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ struct msr *msrs_alloc(void)
msrs = alloc_percpu(struct msr);
if (!msrs) {
- pr_warning("%s: error allocating msrs\n", __func__);
+ pr_warn("%s: error allocating msrs\n", __func__);
return NULL;
}
@@ -21,3 +21,90 @@ void msrs_free(struct msr *msrs)
free_percpu(msrs);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(msrs_free);
+
+/**
+ * Read an MSR with error handling
+ *
+ * @msr: MSR to read
+ * @m: value to read into
+ *
+ * It returns read data only on success, otherwise it doesn't change the output
+ * argument @m.
+ *
+ */
+int msr_read(u32 msr, struct msr *m)
+{
+ int err;
+ u64 val;
+
+ err = rdmsrl_safe(msr, &val);
+ if (!err)
+ m->q = val;
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Write an MSR with error handling
+ *
+ * @msr: MSR to write
+ * @m: value to write
+ */
+int msr_write(u32 msr, struct msr *m)
+{
+ return wrmsrl_safe(msr, m->q);
+}
+
+static inline int __flip_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit, bool set)
+{
+ struct msr m, m1;
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+
+ if (bit > 63)
+ return err;
+
+ err = msr_read(msr, &m);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ m1 = m;
+ if (set)
+ m1.q |= BIT_64(bit);
+ else
+ m1.q &= ~BIT_64(bit);
+
+ if (m1.q == m.q)
+ return 0;
+
+ err = msr_write(msr, &m);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Set @bit in a MSR @msr.
+ *
+ * Retval:
+ * < 0: An error was encountered.
+ * = 0: Bit was already set.
+ * > 0: Hardware accepted the MSR write.
+ */
+int msr_set_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit)
+{
+ return __flip_bit(msr, bit, true);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Clear @bit in a MSR @msr.
+ *
+ * Retval:
+ * < 0: An error was encountered.
+ * = 0: Bit was already cleared.
+ * > 0: Hardware accepted the MSR write.
+ */
+int msr_clear_bit(u32 msr, u8 bit)
+{
+ return __flip_bit(msr, bit, false);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
index ba957c9b677..cf125b301b6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pageattr.c
@@ -126,8 +126,8 @@ within(unsigned long addr, unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
* @vaddr: virtual start address
* @size: number of bytes to flush
*
- * clflush is an unordered instruction which needs fencing with mfence
- * to avoid ordering issues.
+ * clflushopt is an unordered instruction which needs fencing with mfence or
+ * sfence to avoid ordering issues.
*/
void clflush_cache_range(void *vaddr, unsigned int size)
{
@@ -136,11 +136,11 @@ void clflush_cache_range(void *vaddr, unsigned int size)
mb();
for (; vaddr < vend; vaddr += boot_cpu_data.x86_clflush_size)
- clflush(vaddr);
+ clflushopt(vaddr);
/*
* Flush any possible final partial cacheline:
*/
- clflush(vend);
+ clflushopt(vend);
mb();
}
diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_cache.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_cache.c
index bb8f5801218..534cb89b160 100644
--- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_cache.c
+++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_cache.c
@@ -32,6 +32,12 @@
#include <drm/drmP.h>
#if defined(CONFIG_X86)
+
+/*
+ * clflushopt is an unordered instruction which needs fencing with mfence or
+ * sfence to avoid ordering issues. For drm_clflush_page this fencing happens
+ * in the caller.
+ */
static void
drm_clflush_page(struct page *page)
{
@@ -44,7 +50,7 @@ drm_clflush_page(struct page *page)
page_virtual = kmap_atomic(page);
for (i = 0; i < PAGE_SIZE; i += size)
- clflush(page_virtual + i);
+ clflushopt(page_virtual + i);
kunmap_atomic(page_virtual);
}
@@ -133,7 +139,7 @@ drm_clflush_virt_range(char *addr, unsigned long length)
mb();
for (; addr < end; addr += boot_cpu_data.x86_clflush_size)
clflush(addr);
- clflush(end - 1);
+ clflushopt(end - 1);
mb();
return;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index 196d1ea86df..08fb0247764 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -458,7 +458,7 @@ extern enum system_states {
#define TAINT_PROPRIETARY_MODULE 0
#define TAINT_FORCED_MODULE 1
-#define TAINT_UNSAFE_SMP 2
+#define TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC 2
#define TAINT_FORCED_RMMOD 3
#define TAINT_MACHINE_CHECK 4
#define TAINT_BAD_PAGE 5
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index d24fcf29cb6..ca2c1aded7e 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -1015,7 +1015,7 @@ static size_t module_flags_taint(struct module *mod, char *buf)
buf[l++] = 'C';
/*
* TAINT_FORCED_RMMOD: could be added.
- * TAINT_UNSAFE_SMP, TAINT_MACHINE_CHECK, TAINT_BAD_PAGE don't
+ * TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC, TAINT_MACHINE_CHECK, TAINT_BAD_PAGE don't
* apply to modules.
*/
return l;
diff --git a/kernel/panic.c b/kernel/panic.c
index 6d630037509..2270cfd1d6b 100644
--- a/kernel/panic.c
+++ b/kernel/panic.c
@@ -199,7 +199,7 @@ struct tnt {
static const struct tnt tnts[] = {
{ TAINT_PROPRIETARY_MODULE, 'P', 'G' },
{ TAINT_FORCED_MODULE, 'F', ' ' },
- { TAINT_UNSAFE_SMP, 'S', ' ' },
+ { TAINT_CPU_OUT_OF_SPEC, 'S', ' ' },
{ TAINT_FORCED_RMMOD, 'R', ' ' },
{ TAINT_MACHINE_CHECK, 'M', ' ' },
{ TAINT_BAD_PAGE, 'B', ' ' },