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authorMichael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org>2013-05-26 18:09:41 +0000
committerBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2013-06-01 08:29:23 +1000
commit2b3f8e87cf99a33fb6faf5026d7147748bbd77b6 (patch)
treedfeb4cb63821ec34279d26b0ac7a35d96316b648
parentb75c100ef24894bd2c8b52e123bcc5f191c5d9fd (diff)
downloadlinux-2b3f8e87cf99a33fb6faf5026d7147748bbd77b6.tar.gz
powerpc/tm: Fix userspace stack corruption on signal delivery for active transactions
When in an active transaction that takes a signal, we need to be careful with the stack. It's possible that the stack has moved back up after the tbegin. The obvious case here is when the tbegin is called inside a function that returns before a tend. In this case, the stack is part of the checkpointed transactional memory state. If we write over this non transactionally or in suspend, we are in trouble because if we get a tm abort, the program counter and stack pointer will be back at the tbegin but our in memory stack won't be valid anymore. To avoid this, when taking a signal in an active transaction, we need to use the stack pointer from the checkpointed state, rather than the speculated state. This ensures that the signal context (written tm suspended) will be written below the stack required for the rollback. The transaction is aborted becuase of the treclaim, so any memory written between the tbegin and the signal will be rolled back anyway. For signals taken in non-TM or suspended mode, we use the normal/non-checkpointed stack pointer. Tested with 64 and 32 bit signals Signed-off-by: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v3.9 Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/powerpc/transactional_memory.txt19
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h13
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/signal.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.c40
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_32.c10
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_64.c23
7 files changed, 74 insertions, 36 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/transactional_memory.txt b/Documentation/powerpc/transactional_memory.txt
index c54bf312765..dc23e58ae26 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/transactional_memory.txt
+++ b/Documentation/powerpc/transactional_memory.txt
@@ -147,6 +147,25 @@ Example signal handler:
fix_the_problem(ucp->dar);
}
+When in an active transaction that takes a signal, we need to be careful with
+the stack. It's possible that the stack has moved back up after the tbegin.
+The obvious case here is when the tbegin is called inside a function that
+returns before a tend. In this case, the stack is part of the checkpointed
+transactional memory state. If we write over this non transactionally or in
+suspend, we are in trouble because if we get a tm abort, the program counter and
+stack pointer will be back at the tbegin but our in memory stack won't be valid
+anymore.
+
+To avoid this, when taking a signal in an active transaction, we need to use
+the stack pointer from the checkpointed state, rather than the speculated
+state. This ensures that the signal context (written tm suspended) will be
+written below the stack required for the rollback. The transaction is aborted
+becuase of the treclaim, so any memory written between the tbegin and the
+signal will be rolled back anyway.
+
+For signals taken in non-TM or suspended mode, we use the
+normal/non-checkpointed stack pointer.
+
Failure cause codes used by kernel
==================================
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
index 594db6bc093..14a65836369 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -409,21 +409,16 @@ static inline void prefetchw(const void *x)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
-static inline unsigned long get_clean_sp(struct pt_regs *regs, int is_32)
+static inline unsigned long get_clean_sp(unsigned long sp, int is_32)
{
- unsigned long sp;
-
if (is_32)
- sp = regs->gpr[1] & 0x0ffffffffUL;
- else
- sp = regs->gpr[1];
-
+ return sp & 0x0ffffffffUL;
return sp;
}
#else
-static inline unsigned long get_clean_sp(struct pt_regs *regs, int is_32)
+static inline unsigned long get_clean_sp(unsigned long sp, int is_32)
{
- return regs->gpr[1];
+ return sp;
}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/signal.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/signal.h
index fbe66c46389..9322c28aebd 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/signal.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/signal.h
@@ -3,5 +3,8 @@
#define __ARCH_HAS_SA_RESTORER
#include <uapi/asm/signal.h>
+#include <uapi/asm/ptrace.h>
+
+extern unsigned long get_tm_stackpointer(struct pt_regs *regs);
#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_SIGNAL_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.c
index 577a8aa69c6..457e97aa294 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.c
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/debug.h>
+#include <asm/tm.h>
#include "signal.h"
@@ -30,13 +31,13 @@ int show_unhandled_signals = 1;
/*
* Allocate space for the signal frame
*/
-void __user * get_sigframe(struct k_sigaction *ka, struct pt_regs *regs,
+void __user * get_sigframe(struct k_sigaction *ka, unsigned long sp,
size_t frame_size, int is_32)
{
unsigned long oldsp, newsp;
/* Default to using normal stack */
- oldsp = get_clean_sp(regs, is_32);
+ oldsp = get_clean_sp(sp, is_32);
/* Check for alt stack */
if ((ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK) &&
@@ -175,3 +176,38 @@ void do_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long thread_info_flags)
user_enter();
}
+
+unsigned long get_tm_stackpointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ /* When in an active transaction that takes a signal, we need to be
+ * careful with the stack. It's possible that the stack has moved back
+ * up after the tbegin. The obvious case here is when the tbegin is
+ * called inside a function that returns before a tend. In this case,
+ * the stack is part of the checkpointed transactional memory state.
+ * If we write over this non transactionally or in suspend, we are in
+ * trouble because if we get a tm abort, the program counter and stack
+ * pointer will be back at the tbegin but our in memory stack won't be
+ * valid anymore.
+ *
+ * To avoid this, when taking a signal in an active transaction, we
+ * need to use the stack pointer from the checkpointed state, rather
+ * than the speculated state. This ensures that the signal context
+ * (written tm suspended) will be written below the stack required for
+ * the rollback. The transaction is aborted becuase of the treclaim,
+ * so any memory written between the tbegin and the signal will be
+ * rolled back anyway.
+ *
+ * For signals taken in non-TM or suspended mode, we use the
+ * normal/non-checkpointed stack pointer.
+ */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_TRANSACTIONAL_MEM
+ if (MSR_TM_ACTIVE(regs->msr)) {
+ tm_enable();
+ tm_reclaim(&current->thread, regs->msr, TM_CAUSE_SIGNAL);
+ if (MSR_TM_TRANSACTIONAL(regs->msr))
+ return current->thread.ckpt_regs.gpr[1];
+ }
+#endif
+ return regs->gpr[1];
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.h b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.h
index ec84c901cea..c69b9aeb9f2 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal.h
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@
extern void do_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long thread_info_flags);
-extern void __user * get_sigframe(struct k_sigaction *ka, struct pt_regs *regs,
+extern void __user * get_sigframe(struct k_sigaction *ka, unsigned long sp,
size_t frame_size, int is_32);
extern int handle_signal32(unsigned long sig, struct k_sigaction *ka,
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_32.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_32.c
index 95068bf569a..201385c3a1a 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_32.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_32.c
@@ -503,12 +503,6 @@ static int save_tm_user_regs(struct pt_regs *regs,
{
unsigned long msr = regs->msr;
- /* tm_reclaim rolls back all reg states, updating thread.ckpt_regs,
- * thread.transact_fpr[], thread.transact_vr[], etc.
- */
- tm_enable();
- tm_reclaim(&current->thread, msr, TM_CAUSE_SIGNAL);
-
/* Make sure floating point registers are stored in regs */
flush_fp_to_thread(current);
@@ -965,7 +959,7 @@ int handle_rt_signal32(unsigned long sig, struct k_sigaction *ka,
/* Set up Signal Frame */
/* Put a Real Time Context onto stack */
- rt_sf = get_sigframe(ka, regs, sizeof(*rt_sf), 1);
+ rt_sf = get_sigframe(ka, get_tm_stackpointer(regs), sizeof(*rt_sf), 1);
addr = rt_sf;
if (unlikely(rt_sf == NULL))
goto badframe;
@@ -1403,7 +1397,7 @@ int handle_signal32(unsigned long sig, struct k_sigaction *ka,
unsigned long tramp;
/* Set up Signal Frame */
- frame = get_sigframe(ka, regs, sizeof(*frame), 1);
+ frame = get_sigframe(ka, get_tm_stackpointer(regs), sizeof(*frame), 1);
if (unlikely(frame == NULL))
goto badframe;
sc = (struct sigcontext __user *) &frame->sctx;
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_64.c
index c1794286098..345947367ec 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/signal_64.c
@@ -154,11 +154,12 @@ static long setup_sigcontext(struct sigcontext __user *sc, struct pt_regs *regs,
* As above, but Transactional Memory is in use, so deliver sigcontexts
* containing checkpointed and transactional register states.
*
- * To do this, we treclaim to gather both sets of registers and set up the
- * 'normal' sigcontext registers with rolled-back register values such that a
- * simple signal handler sees a correct checkpointed register state.
- * If interested, a TM-aware sighandler can examine the transactional registers
- * in the 2nd sigcontext to determine the real origin of the signal.
+ * To do this, we treclaim (done before entering here) to gather both sets of
+ * registers and set up the 'normal' sigcontext registers with rolled-back
+ * register values such that a simple signal handler sees a correct
+ * checkpointed register state. If interested, a TM-aware sighandler can
+ * examine the transactional registers in the 2nd sigcontext to determine the
+ * real origin of the signal.
*/
static long setup_tm_sigcontexts(struct sigcontext __user *sc,
struct sigcontext __user *tm_sc,
@@ -184,16 +185,6 @@ static long setup_tm_sigcontexts(struct sigcontext __user *sc,
BUG_ON(!MSR_TM_ACTIVE(regs->msr));
- /* tm_reclaim rolls back all reg states, saving checkpointed (older)
- * GPRs to thread.ckpt_regs and (if used) FPRs to (newer)
- * thread.transact_fp and/or VRs to (newer) thread.transact_vr.
- * THEN we save out FP/VRs, if necessary, to the checkpointed (older)
- * thread.fr[]/vr[]s. The transactional (newer) GPRs are on the
- * stack, in *regs.
- */
- tm_enable();
- tm_reclaim(&current->thread, msr, TM_CAUSE_SIGNAL);
-
flush_fp_to_thread(current);
#ifdef CONFIG_ALTIVEC
@@ -711,7 +702,7 @@ int handle_rt_signal64(int signr, struct k_sigaction *ka, siginfo_t *info,
unsigned long newsp = 0;
long err = 0;
- frame = get_sigframe(ka, regs, sizeof(*frame), 0);
+ frame = get_sigframe(ka, get_tm_stackpointer(regs), sizeof(*frame), 0);
if (unlikely(frame == NULL))
goto badframe;