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authorRussell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>2013-10-30 14:16:16 +0000
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-10-30 12:57:46 -0700
commitc56b097af26cb11c1f49a4311ba538c825666fed (patch)
treeca39288548c3e660521fd298cdd8bba9418eb222
parentced5d6b552e9ac8dad0e287a5d10c2b620a69e6e (diff)
downloadlinux-c56b097af26cb11c1f49a4311ba538c825666fed.tar.gz
mm: list_lru: fix almost infinite loop causing effective livelock
I've seen a fair number of issues with kswapd and other processes appearing to get stuck in v3.12-rc. Using sysrq-p many times seems to indicate that it gets stuck somewhere in list_lru_walk_node(), called from prune_icache_sb() and super_cache_scan(). I never seem to be able to trigger a calltrace for functions above that point. So I decided to add the following to super_cache_scan(): @@ -81,10 +81,14 @@ static unsigned long super_cache_scan(struct shrinker *shrink, inodes = list_lru_count_node(&sb->s_inode_lru, sc->nid); dentries = list_lru_count_node(&sb->s_dentry_lru, sc->nid); total_objects = dentries + inodes + fs_objects + 1; +printk("%s:%u: %s: dentries %lu inodes %lu total %lu\n", current->comm, current->pid, __func__, dentries, inodes, total_objects); /* proportion the scan between the caches */ dentries = mult_frac(sc->nr_to_scan, dentries, total_objects); inodes = mult_frac(sc->nr_to_scan, inodes, total_objects); +printk("%s:%u: %s: dentries %lu inodes %lu\n", current->comm, current->pid, __func__, dentries, inodes); +BUG_ON(dentries == 0); +BUG_ON(inodes == 0); /* * prune the dcache first as the icache is pinned by it, then @@ -99,7 +103,7 @@ static unsigned long super_cache_scan(struct shrinker *shrink, freed += sb->s_op->free_cached_objects(sb, fs_objects, sc->nid); } - +printk("%s:%u: %s: dentries %lu inodes %lu freed %lu\n", current->comm, current->pid, __func__, dentries, inodes, freed); drop_super(sb); return freed; } and shortly thereafter, having applied some pressure, I got this: update-apt-xapi:1616: super_cache_scan: dentries 25632 inodes 2 total 25635 update-apt-xapi:1616: super_cache_scan: dentries 1023 inodes 0 ------------[ cut here ]------------ Kernel BUG at c0101994 [verbose debug info unavailable] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#3] SMP ARM Modules linked in: fuse rfcomm bnep bluetooth hid_cypress CPU: 0 PID: 1616 Comm: update-apt-xapi Tainted: G D 3.12.0-rc7+ #154 task: daea1200 ti: c3bf8000 task.ti: c3bf8000 PC is at super_cache_scan+0x1c0/0x278 LR is at trace_hardirqs_on+0x14/0x18 Process update-apt-xapi (pid: 1616, stack limit = 0xc3bf8240) ... Backtrace: (super_cache_scan) from [<c00cd69c>] (shrink_slab+0x254/0x4c8) (shrink_slab) from [<c00d09a0>] (try_to_free_pages+0x3a0/0x5e0) (try_to_free_pages) from [<c00c59cc>] (__alloc_pages_nodemask+0x5) (__alloc_pages_nodemask) from [<c00e07c0>] (__pte_alloc+0x2c/0x13) (__pte_alloc) from [<c00e3a70>] (handle_mm_fault+0x84c/0x914) (handle_mm_fault) from [<c001a4cc>] (do_page_fault+0x1f0/0x3bc) (do_page_fault) from [<c001a7b0>] (do_translation_fault+0xac/0xb8) (do_translation_fault) from [<c000840c>] (do_DataAbort+0x38/0xa0) (do_DataAbort) from [<c00133f8>] (__dabt_usr+0x38/0x40) Notice that we had a very low number of inodes, which were reduced to zero my mult_frac(). Now, prune_icache_sb() calls list_lru_walk_node() passing that number of inodes (0) into that as the number of objects to scan: long prune_icache_sb(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long nr_to_scan, int nid) { LIST_HEAD(freeable); long freed; freed = list_lru_walk_node(&sb->s_inode_lru, nid, inode_lru_isolate, &freeable, &nr_to_scan); which does: unsigned long list_lru_walk_node(struct list_lru *lru, int nid, list_lru_walk_cb isolate, void *cb_arg, unsigned long *nr_to_walk) { struct list_lru_node *nlru = &lru->node[nid]; struct list_head *item, *n; unsigned long isolated = 0; spin_lock(&nlru->lock); restart: list_for_each_safe(item, n, &nlru->list) { enum lru_status ret; /* * decrement nr_to_walk first so that we don't livelock if we * get stuck on large numbesr of LRU_RETRY items */ if (--(*nr_to_walk) == 0) break; So, if *nr_to_walk was zero when this function was entered, that means we're wanting to operate on (~0UL)+1 objects - which might as well be infinite. Clearly this is not correct behaviour. If we think about the behaviour of this function when *nr_to_walk is 1, then clearly it's wrong - we decrement first and then test for zero - which results in us doing nothing at all. A post-decrement would give the desired behaviour - we'd try to walk one object and one object only if *nr_to_walk were one. It also gives the correct behaviour for zero - we exit at this point. Fixes: 5cedf721a7cd ("list_lru: fix broken LRU_RETRY behaviour") Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> [ Modified to make sure we never underflow the count: this function gets called in a loop, so the 0 -> ~0ul transition is dangerous - Linus ] Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--mm/list_lru.c3
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/mm/list_lru.c b/mm/list_lru.c
index 72467914b85..72f9decb010 100644
--- a/mm/list_lru.c
+++ b/mm/list_lru.c
@@ -81,8 +81,9 @@ restart:
* decrement nr_to_walk first so that we don't livelock if we
* get stuck on large numbesr of LRU_RETRY items
*/
- if (--(*nr_to_walk) == 0)
+ if (!*nr_to_walk)
break;
+ --*nr_to_walk;
ret = isolate(item, &nlru->lock, cb_arg);
switch (ret) {