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authorSrivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2014-05-27 16:25:34 +0530
committerBenjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>2014-05-28 13:24:26 +1000
commit011e4b02f1da156ac7fea28a9da878f3c23af739 (patch)
treed48f794e6cbbe39ca05272f986116e71831c88f3
parent7998eb3dc700aaf499f93f50b3d77da834ef9e1d (diff)
downloadlinux-011e4b02f1da156ac7fea28a9da878f3c23af739.tar.gz
powerpc, kexec: Fix "Processor X is stuck" issue during kexec from ST mode
If we try to perform a kexec when the machine is in ST (Single-Threaded) mode (ppc64_cpu --smt=off), the kexec operation doesn't succeed properly, and we get the following messages during boot: [ 0.089866] POWER8 performance monitor hardware support registered [ 0.089985] power8-pmu: PMAO restore workaround active. [ 5.095419] Processor 1 is stuck. [ 10.097933] Processor 2 is stuck. [ 15.100480] Processor 3 is stuck. [ 20.102982] Processor 4 is stuck. [ 25.105489] Processor 5 is stuck. [ 30.108005] Processor 6 is stuck. [ 35.110518] Processor 7 is stuck. [ 40.113369] Processor 9 is stuck. [ 45.115879] Processor 10 is stuck. [ 50.118389] Processor 11 is stuck. [ 55.120904] Processor 12 is stuck. [ 60.123425] Processor 13 is stuck. [ 65.125970] Processor 14 is stuck. [ 70.128495] Processor 15 is stuck. [ 75.131316] Processor 17 is stuck. Note that only the sibling threads are stuck, while the primary threads (0, 8, 16 etc) boot just fine. Looking closer at the previous step of kexec, we observe that kexec tries to wakeup (bring online) the sibling threads of all the cores, before performing kexec: [ 9464.131231] Starting new kernel [ 9464.148507] kexec: Waking offline cpu 1. [ 9464.148552] kexec: Waking offline cpu 2. [ 9464.148600] kexec: Waking offline cpu 3. [ 9464.148636] kexec: Waking offline cpu 4. [ 9464.148671] kexec: Waking offline cpu 5. [ 9464.148708] kexec: Waking offline cpu 6. [ 9464.148743] kexec: Waking offline cpu 7. [ 9464.148779] kexec: Waking offline cpu 9. [ 9464.148815] kexec: Waking offline cpu 10. [ 9464.148851] kexec: Waking offline cpu 11. [ 9464.148887] kexec: Waking offline cpu 12. [ 9464.148922] kexec: Waking offline cpu 13. [ 9464.148958] kexec: Waking offline cpu 14. [ 9464.148994] kexec: Waking offline cpu 15. [ 9464.149030] kexec: Waking offline cpu 17. Instrumenting this piece of code revealed that the cpu_up() operation actually fails with -EBUSY. Thus, only the primary threads of all the cores are online during kexec, and hence this is a sure-shot receipe for disaster, as explained in commit e8e5c2155b (powerpc/kexec: Fix orphaned offline CPUs across kexec), as well as in the comment above wake_offline_cpus(). It turns out that cpu_up() was returning -EBUSY because the variable 'cpu_hotplug_disabled' was set to 1; and this disabling of CPU hotplug was done by migrate_to_reboot_cpu() inside kernel_kexec(). Now, migrate_to_reboot_cpu() was originally written with the assumption that any further code will not need to perform CPU hotplug, since we are anyway in the reboot path. However, kexec is clearly not such a case, since we depend on onlining CPUs, atleast on powerpc. So re-enable cpu-hotplug after returning from migrate_to_reboot_cpu() in the kexec path, to fix this regression in kexec on powerpc. Also, wrap the cpu_up() in powerpc kexec code within a WARN_ON(), so that we can catch such issues more easily in the future. Fixes: c97102ba963 (kexec: migrate to reboot cpu) Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c2
-rw-r--r--kernel/kexec.c8
2 files changed, 9 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
index 59d229a2a3e..879b3aacac3 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c
@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ static void wake_offline_cpus(void)
if (!cpu_online(cpu)) {
printk(KERN_INFO "kexec: Waking offline cpu %d.\n",
cpu);
- cpu_up(cpu);
+ WARN_ON(cpu_up(cpu));
}
}
}
diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index c8380ad203b..28c57069ef6 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -1683,6 +1683,14 @@ int kernel_kexec(void)
kexec_in_progress = true;
kernel_restart_prepare(NULL);
migrate_to_reboot_cpu();
+
+ /*
+ * migrate_to_reboot_cpu() disables CPU hotplug assuming that
+ * no further code needs to use CPU hotplug (which is true in
+ * the reboot case). However, the kexec path depends on using
+ * CPU hotplug again; so re-enable it here.
+ */
+ cpu_hotplug_enable();
printk(KERN_EMERG "Starting new kernel\n");
machine_shutdown();
}