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.\"                                      Hey, EMACS: -*- nroff -*-
.\" First parameter, NAME, should be all caps
.\" Second parameter, SECTION, should be 1-8, maybe w/ subsection
.\" other parameters are allowed: see man(7), man(1)
.TH HUGECTL 8 "October 10, 2008"
.\" Please adjust this date whenever revising the manpage.
.\"
.\" Some roff macros, for reference:
.\" .nh        disable hyphenation
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.\" .ad l      left justify
.\" .ad b      justify to both left and right margins
.\" .nf        disable filling
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.\" .sp <n>    insert n+1 empty lines
.\" for manpage-specific macros, see man(7)
.SH NAME
hugectl \- Control policy for backing text, data and malloc() with hugepages
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B hugectl [options] command {arguments}
.SH DESCRIPTION

\fBhugectl\fP runs processes with a specific policy for backing memory regions
with hugepages. The use of hugepages benefit applications that use large
amounts of address space and suffer a performance hit due to TLB misses.
Policy is enforced by \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP and \fBhugectl\fP configures the
environment based on the options provided.  Wall-clock time or oprofile can
be used to determine if there is a performance benefit from using hugepages
or not.

To effectively back text/data, the target process must be relinked to align
the ELF segments on a hugepage boundary. The library also supports more options
for the control of memory regions than are exposed by the \fBhugectl\fP
utility. See the \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP manual page for more details.

The following options affect what memory regions are backed by hugepages.

.TP
.B --text[=<size>],--data[=<size>],--bss[=<size>]
Back the text, data or BSS segments with hugepages, optionally with pages
of the specified size.  To be effective, the process must be relinked
as described in the HOWTO to align the ELF segments.  It is possible to
partially back segments using the HUGETLB_FORCE_ELMAP environment variable
as described in the \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP manual page.

.TP
.B --heap[=<size>]
Use the glibc morecore hook to back malloc() with hugepages, optionally
with pages of the specified size.  Note that this does not affect brk()
segments and applications that use custom allocators potentially do not
use hugepages for their heap even with this option specified.

.TP
.B --shm
This option overrides shmget() to back shared memory regions with hugepages
if possible. Segment size requests will be aligned to fit to the default
hugepage size region.

.TP
.B --share-text
Request that multiple application instances share text segments that are
backed with huge pages.  This option sets the environment variable
HUGETLB_SHARE to 1.

.TP
.B --thp
Align heap regions to huge page size for promotion by khugepaged.  For more
information on transparent huge pages see linux-2.6/Documentation/transhuge.txt

.PP
The following options affect how \fBhugectl\fP behaves.

.TP
.B --no-preload
Disable any pre-loading of the \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP library. This may be necessary
if only the heap is being backed by hugepages and the application is already
linked against the library. \fBhugectl\fP may pre-load the library by mistake
and this option prevents that.

.TP
.B --force-preload
Force pre-loading of the \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP library. This option is used when
the segments of the binary are aligned to the hugepage boundary of interest
but the binary is not linked against libhugetlbfs. This is useful on PPC64
where binaries are aligned to 64K as required by the ABI and the kernel is
using a 4K base pagesize.

.TP
.B --no-reserve
By default, huge pages are reserved at mmap() time so future faults will
succeed. This avoids unexpected application but some applications depend
on memory overcommit to create large sparse mappings. For this type of
application, this switch will create huge page backed mappings without a
reservation if the kernel is recent enough to make this operation safe.
Use this option with extreme care as in the event huge pages are not
available when the mapping is faulted, the application will be killed.

.TP
.B --dry-run
Instead of running the process, the \fBhugectl\fP utility will describe what
environment variables it set for \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP. This is useful if
additional environment variables are to be set and a launcher shell script is
being developed.

.TP
.B --library-use-path
By default, \fBhugectl\fP will use the version of \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP it was
installed with, even if this is not in the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment. Using
this option forces \fBhugectl\fP to use the version of \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP
installed in the library system path.

.TP
.B --library-path <path>
This option forces \fBhugectl\fP to use the \fBlibhugetlbfs\fP libraries within
the given prefix.

.PP
The following options affect the verbosity of libhugetlbfs.

.TP
.B --verbose <level>, -v
The default value for the verbosity level is 1 and the range of the value can
be set with --verbose from 0 to 99. The higher the value, the more verbose the
library will be. 0 is quiet and 3 will output much debugging information. The
verbosity level is increased by one each time -v is specified.

.TP
.B -q
The -q option will drecease the verbosity level by 1 each time it is specified
to a minimum of 0.

.SH SEE ALSO
.I oprofile(1),
.I hugeadm(7),
.I libhugetlbfs(7)
.br
.SH AUTHORS
libhugetlbfs was written by various people on the libhugetlbfs-devel
mailing list.