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path: root/drivers/media/i2c/imx290.c
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1038
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
 * Sony IMX290 CMOS Image Sensor Driver
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2019 FRAMOS GmbH.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2019 Linaro Ltd.
 * Author: Manivannan Sadhasivam <manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org>
 */

#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
#include <linux/i2c.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
#include <linux/regmap.h>
#include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
#include <media/media-entity.h>
#include <media/v4l2-ctrls.h>
#include <media/v4l2-device.h>
#include <media/v4l2-fwnode.h>
#include <media/v4l2-subdev.h>

#define IMX290_STANDBY 0x3000
#define IMX290_REGHOLD 0x3001
#define IMX290_XMSTA 0x3002
#define IMX290_FR_FDG_SEL 0x3009
#define IMX290_BLKLEVEL_LOW 0x300a
#define IMX290_BLKLEVEL_HIGH 0x300b
#define IMX290_GAIN 0x3014
#define IMX290_HMAX_LOW 0x301c
#define IMX290_HMAX_HIGH 0x301d
#define IMX290_PGCTRL 0x308c
#define IMX290_PHY_LANE_NUM 0x3407
#define IMX290_CSI_LANE_MODE 0x3443

#define IMX290_PGCTRL_REGEN BIT(0)
#define IMX290_PGCTRL_THRU BIT(1)
#define IMX290_PGCTRL_MODE(n) ((n) << 4)

/* HMAX fields */
#define IMX290_HMAX_2_1920 0x1130
#define IMX290_HMAX_4_1920 0x0898
#define IMX290_HMAX_2_720 0x19C8
#define IMX290_HMAX_4_720 0x0CE4

#define IMX290_DEFAULT_LINK_FREQ 445500000

static const char * const imx290_supply_name[] = {
	"vdda",
	"vddd",
	"vdddo",
};

#define IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_supply_name)

struct imx290_regval {
	u16 reg;
	u8 val;
};

struct imx290_mode {
	u32 width;
	u32 height;
	u32 pixel_rate;
	u32 link_freq_index;

	const struct imx290_regval *data;
	u32 data_size;
};

struct imx290 {
	struct device *dev;
	struct clk *xclk;
	struct regmap *regmap;
	u8 nlanes;

	struct v4l2_subdev sd;
	struct v4l2_fwnode_endpoint ep;
	struct media_pad pad;
	struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt current_format;
	const struct imx290_mode *current_mode;

	struct regulator_bulk_data supplies[IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES];
	struct gpio_desc *rst_gpio;

	struct v4l2_ctrl_handler ctrls;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *link_freq;
	struct v4l2_ctrl *pixel_rate;

	struct mutex lock;
};

struct imx290_pixfmt {
	u32 code;
};

static const struct imx290_pixfmt imx290_formats[] = {
	{ MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_1X10 },
};

static const struct regmap_config imx290_regmap_config = {
	.reg_bits = 16,
	.val_bits = 8,
	.cache_type = REGCACHE_RBTREE,
};

static const char * const imx290_test_pattern_menu[] = {
	"Disabled",
	"Sequence Pattern 1",
	"Horizontal Color-bar Chart",
	"Vertical Color-bar Chart",
	"Sequence Pattern 2",
	"Gradation Pattern 1",
	"Gradation Pattern 2",
	"000/555h Toggle Pattern",
};

static const struct imx290_regval imx290_global_init_settings[] = {
	{ 0x3007, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3018, 0x65 },
	{ 0x3019, 0x04 },
	{ 0x301a, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3444, 0x20 },
	{ 0x3445, 0x25 },
	{ 0x303a, 0x0c },
	{ 0x3040, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3041, 0x00 },
	{ 0x303c, 0x00 },
	{ 0x303d, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3042, 0x9c },
	{ 0x3043, 0x07 },
	{ 0x303e, 0x49 },
	{ 0x303f, 0x04 },
	{ 0x304b, 0x0a },
	{ 0x300f, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3010, 0x21 },
	{ 0x3012, 0x64 },
	{ 0x3016, 0x09 },
	{ 0x3070, 0x02 },
	{ 0x3071, 0x11 },
	{ 0x309b, 0x10 },
	{ 0x309c, 0x22 },
	{ 0x30a2, 0x02 },
	{ 0x30a6, 0x20 },
	{ 0x30a8, 0x20 },
	{ 0x30aa, 0x20 },
	{ 0x30ac, 0x20 },
	{ 0x30b0, 0x43 },
	{ 0x3119, 0x9e },
	{ 0x311c, 0x1e },
	{ 0x311e, 0x08 },
	{ 0x3128, 0x05 },
	{ 0x313d, 0x83 },
	{ 0x3150, 0x03 },
	{ 0x317e, 0x00 },
	{ 0x32b8, 0x50 },
	{ 0x32b9, 0x10 },
	{ 0x32ba, 0x00 },
	{ 0x32bb, 0x04 },
	{ 0x32c8, 0x50 },
	{ 0x32c9, 0x10 },
	{ 0x32ca, 0x00 },
	{ 0x32cb, 0x04 },
	{ 0x332c, 0xd3 },
	{ 0x332d, 0x10 },
	{ 0x332e, 0x0d },
	{ 0x3358, 0x06 },
	{ 0x3359, 0xe1 },
	{ 0x335a, 0x11 },
	{ 0x3360, 0x1e },
	{ 0x3361, 0x61 },
	{ 0x3362, 0x10 },
	{ 0x33b0, 0x50 },
	{ 0x33b2, 0x1a },
	{ 0x33b3, 0x04 },
};

static const struct imx290_regval imx290_1080p_settings[] = {
	/* mode settings */
	{ 0x3007, 0x00 },
	{ 0x303a, 0x0c },
	{ 0x3414, 0x0a },
	{ 0x3472, 0x80 },
	{ 0x3473, 0x07 },
	{ 0x3418, 0x38 },
	{ 0x3419, 0x04 },
	{ 0x3012, 0x64 },
	{ 0x3013, 0x00 },
	{ 0x305c, 0x18 },
	{ 0x305d, 0x03 },
	{ 0x305e, 0x20 },
	{ 0x305f, 0x01 },
	{ 0x315e, 0x1a },
	{ 0x3164, 0x1a },
	{ 0x3480, 0x49 },
	/* data rate settings */
	{ 0x3405, 0x10 },
	{ 0x3446, 0x57 },
	{ 0x3447, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3448, 0x37 },
	{ 0x3449, 0x00 },
	{ 0x344a, 0x1f },
	{ 0x344b, 0x00 },
	{ 0x344c, 0x1f },
	{ 0x344d, 0x00 },
	{ 0x344e, 0x1f },
	{ 0x344f, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3450, 0x77 },
	{ 0x3451, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3452, 0x1f },
	{ 0x3453, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3454, 0x17 },
	{ 0x3455, 0x00 },
};

static const struct imx290_regval imx290_720p_settings[] = {
	/* mode settings */
	{ 0x3007, 0x10 },
	{ 0x303a, 0x06 },
	{ 0x3414, 0x04 },
	{ 0x3472, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3473, 0x05 },
	{ 0x3418, 0xd0 },
	{ 0x3419, 0x02 },
	{ 0x3012, 0x64 },
	{ 0x3013, 0x00 },
	{ 0x305c, 0x20 },
	{ 0x305d, 0x00 },
	{ 0x305e, 0x20 },
	{ 0x305f, 0x01 },
	{ 0x315e, 0x1a },
	{ 0x3164, 0x1a },
	{ 0x3480, 0x49 },
	/* data rate settings */
	{ 0x3405, 0x10 },
	{ 0x3446, 0x4f },
	{ 0x3447, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3448, 0x2f },
	{ 0x3449, 0x00 },
	{ 0x344a, 0x17 },
	{ 0x344b, 0x00 },
	{ 0x344c, 0x17 },
	{ 0x344d, 0x00 },
	{ 0x344e, 0x17 },
	{ 0x344f, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3450, 0x57 },
	{ 0x3451, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3452, 0x17 },
	{ 0x3453, 0x00 },
	{ 0x3454, 0x17 },
	{ 0x3455, 0x00 },
};

static const struct imx290_regval imx290_10bit_settings[] = {
	{ 0x3005, 0x00},
	{ 0x3046, 0x00},
	{ 0x3129, 0x1d},
	{ 0x317c, 0x12},
	{ 0x31ec, 0x37},
	{ 0x3441, 0x0a},
	{ 0x3442, 0x0a},
	{ 0x300a, 0x3c},
	{ 0x300b, 0x00},
};

/* supported link frequencies */
static const s64 imx290_link_freq[] = {
	IMX290_DEFAULT_LINK_FREQ,
};

/* Mode configs */
static const struct imx290_mode imx290_modes[] = {
	{
		.width = 1920,
		.height = 1080,
		.data = imx290_1080p_settings,
		.data_size = ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_1080p_settings),
		.pixel_rate = 178200000,
		.link_freq_index = 0,
	},
	{
		.width = 1280,
		.height = 720,
		.data = imx290_720p_settings,
		.data_size = ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_720p_settings),
		.pixel_rate = 178200000,
		.link_freq_index = 0,
	},
};

static inline struct imx290 *to_imx290(struct v4l2_subdev *_sd)
{
	return container_of(_sd, struct imx290, sd);
}

static inline int imx290_read_reg(struct imx290 *imx290, u16 addr, u8 *value)
{
	unsigned int regval;
	int ret;

	ret = regmap_read(imx290->regmap, addr, &regval);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "I2C read failed for addr: %x\n", addr);
		return ret;
	}

	*value = regval & 0xff;

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_write_reg(struct imx290 *imx290, u16 addr, u8 value)
{
	int ret;

	ret = regmap_write(imx290->regmap, addr, value);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "I2C write failed for addr: %x\n", addr);
		return ret;
	}

	return ret;
}

static int imx290_set_register_array(struct imx290 *imx290,
				     const struct imx290_regval *settings,
				     unsigned int num_settings)
{
	unsigned int i;
	int ret;

	for (i = 0; i < num_settings; ++i, ++settings) {
		ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, settings->reg, settings->val);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;

		/* Settle time is 10ms for all registers */
		msleep(10);
	}

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_write_buffered_reg(struct imx290 *imx290, u16 address_low,
				     u8 nr_regs, u32 value)
{
	unsigned int i;
	int ret;

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_REGHOLD, 0x01);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting hold register\n");
		return ret;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < nr_regs; i++) {
		ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, address_low + i,
				       (u8)(value >> (i * 8)));
		if (ret) {
			dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error writing buffered registers\n");
			return ret;
		}
	}

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_REGHOLD, 0x00);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting hold register\n");
		return ret;
	}

	return ret;
}

static int imx290_set_gain(struct imx290 *imx290, u32 value)
{
	int ret;

	ret = imx290_write_buffered_reg(imx290, IMX290_GAIN, 1, value);
	if (ret)
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Unable to write gain\n");

	return ret;
}

/* Stop streaming */
static int imx290_stop_streaming(struct imx290 *imx290)
{
	int ret;

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_STANDBY, 0x01);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	msleep(30);

	return imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_XMSTA, 0x01);
}

static int imx290_set_ctrl(struct v4l2_ctrl *ctrl)
{
	struct imx290 *imx290 = container_of(ctrl->handler,
					     struct imx290, ctrls);
	int ret = 0;

	/* V4L2 controls values will be applied only when power is already up */
	if (!pm_runtime_get_if_in_use(imx290->dev))
		return 0;

	switch (ctrl->id) {
	case V4L2_CID_GAIN:
		ret = imx290_set_gain(imx290, ctrl->val);
		break;
	case V4L2_CID_TEST_PATTERN:
		if (ctrl->val) {
			imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_BLKLEVEL_LOW, 0x00);
			imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_BLKLEVEL_HIGH, 0x00);
			msleep(10);
			imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_PGCTRL,
					 (u8)(IMX290_PGCTRL_REGEN |
					 IMX290_PGCTRL_THRU |
					 IMX290_PGCTRL_MODE(ctrl->val)));
		} else {
			imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_PGCTRL, 0x00);
			msleep(10);
			imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_BLKLEVEL_LOW, 0x3c);
			imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_BLKLEVEL_HIGH, 0x00);
		}
		break;
	default:
		ret = -EINVAL;
		break;
	}

	pm_runtime_put(imx290->dev);

	return ret;
}

static const struct v4l2_ctrl_ops imx290_ctrl_ops = {
	.s_ctrl = imx290_set_ctrl,
};

static int imx290_enum_mbus_code(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
				 struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
				 struct v4l2_subdev_mbus_code_enum *code)
{
	if (code->index >= ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_formats))
		return -EINVAL;

	code->code = imx290_formats[code->index].code;

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_get_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
			  struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
			  struct v4l2_subdev_format *fmt)
{
	struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
	struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *framefmt;

	mutex_lock(&imx290->lock);

	if (fmt->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY)
		framefmt = v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(&imx290->sd, cfg,
						      fmt->pad);
	else
		framefmt = &imx290->current_format;

	fmt->format = *framefmt;

	mutex_unlock(&imx290->lock);

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_set_fmt(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
			  struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg,
		      struct v4l2_subdev_format *fmt)
{
	struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
	const struct imx290_mode *mode;
	struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *format;
	unsigned int i;

	mutex_lock(&imx290->lock);

	mode = v4l2_find_nearest_size(imx290_modes,
				      ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_modes),
				      width, height,
				      fmt->format.width, fmt->format.height);

	fmt->format.width = mode->width;
	fmt->format.height = mode->height;

	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_formats); i++)
		if (imx290_formats[i].code == fmt->format.code)
			break;

	if (i >= ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_formats))
		i = 0;

	fmt->format.code = imx290_formats[i].code;
	fmt->format.field = V4L2_FIELD_NONE;

	if (fmt->which == V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY) {
		format = v4l2_subdev_get_try_format(sd, cfg, fmt->pad);
	} else {
		format = &imx290->current_format;
		__v4l2_ctrl_s_ctrl(imx290->link_freq, mode->link_freq_index);
		__v4l2_ctrl_s_ctrl_int64(imx290->pixel_rate, mode->pixel_rate);

		imx290->current_mode = mode;
	}

	*format = fmt->format;

	mutex_unlock(&imx290->lock);

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_entity_init_cfg(struct v4l2_subdev *subdev,
				  struct v4l2_subdev_pad_config *cfg)
{
	struct v4l2_subdev_format fmt = { 0 };

	fmt.which = cfg ? V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_TRY : V4L2_SUBDEV_FORMAT_ACTIVE;
	fmt.format.width = 1920;
	fmt.format.height = 1080;

	imx290_set_fmt(subdev, cfg, &fmt);

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_write_current_format(struct imx290 *imx290,
				       struct v4l2_mbus_framefmt *format)
{
	int ret;

	switch (format->code) {
	case MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_1X10:
		ret = imx290_set_register_array(imx290, imx290_10bit_settings,
						ARRAY_SIZE(
							imx290_10bit_settings));
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set format registers\n");
			return ret;
		}
		break;
	default:
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Unknown pixel format\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_set_hmax(struct imx290 *imx290, u32 val)
{
	int ret;

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_HMAX_LOW, (val & 0xff));
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting HMAX register\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_HMAX_HIGH, ((val >> 8) & 0xff));
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting HMAX register\n");
		return ret;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Start streaming */
static int imx290_start_streaming(struct imx290 *imx290)
{
	int ret;

	/* Set init register settings */
	ret = imx290_set_register_array(imx290, imx290_global_init_settings,
					ARRAY_SIZE(
						imx290_global_init_settings));
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set init registers\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* Set current frame format */
	ret = imx290_write_current_format(imx290, &imx290->current_format);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set frame format\n");
		return ret;
	}

	/* Apply default values of current mode */
	ret = imx290_set_register_array(imx290, imx290->current_mode->data,
					imx290->current_mode->data_size);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not set current mode\n");
		return ret;
	}

	switch (imx290->nlanes) {
	case 2:
		if (imx290->current_mode->width == 1920) {
			ret = imx290_set_hmax(imx290, IMX290_HMAX_2_1920);
			if (ret < 0)
				return ret;
		} else {
			ret = imx290_set_hmax(imx290, IMX290_HMAX_2_720);
			if (ret < 0)
				return ret;
		}

		break;
	case 4:
		if (imx290->current_mode->width == 1920) {
			ret = imx290_set_hmax(imx290, IMX290_HMAX_4_1920);
			if (ret < 0)
				return ret;
		} else {
			ret = imx290_set_hmax(imx290, IMX290_HMAX_4_720);
			if (ret < 0)
				return ret;
		}

		break;
	default:
		/*
		 * We should never hit this since the data lane count is
		 * validated in probe itself
		 */
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Lane configuration not supported\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	/* Apply customized values from user */
	ret = v4l2_ctrl_handler_setup(imx290->sd.ctrl_handler);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Could not sync v4l2 controls\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_STANDBY, 0x00);
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	msleep(30);

	/* Start streaming */
	return imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_XMSTA, 0x00);
}

static int imx290_set_stream(struct v4l2_subdev *sd, int enable)
{
	struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
	int ret = 0;

	if (enable) {
		ret = pm_runtime_get_sync(imx290->dev);
		if (ret < 0) {
			pm_runtime_put_noidle(imx290->dev);
			goto unlock_and_return;
		}

		ret = imx290_start_streaming(imx290);
		if (ret) {
			dev_err(imx290->dev, "Start stream failed\n");
			pm_runtime_put(imx290->dev);
			goto unlock_and_return;
		}
	} else {
		imx290_stop_streaming(imx290);
		pm_runtime_put(imx290->dev);
	}

unlock_and_return:

	return ret;
}

static int imx290_get_regulators(struct device *dev, struct imx290 *imx290)
{
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES; i++)
		imx290->supplies[i].supply = imx290_supply_name[i];

	return devm_regulator_bulk_get(dev, IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES,
				       imx290->supplies);
}

static int imx290_set_data_lanes(struct imx290 *imx290)
{
	int ret = 0, laneval, frsel;

	switch (imx290->nlanes) {
	case 2:
		laneval = 0x01;
		frsel = 0x02;
		break;
	case 4:
		laneval = 0x03;
		frsel = 0x01;
		break;
	default:
		/*
		 * We should never hit this since the data lane count is
		 * validated in probe itself
		 */
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Lane configuration not supported\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto exit;
	}

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_PHY_LANE_NUM, laneval);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting Physical Lane number register\n");
		goto exit;
	}

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_CSI_LANE_MODE, laneval);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting CSI Lane mode register\n");
		goto exit;
	}

	ret = imx290_write_reg(imx290, IMX290_FR_FDG_SEL, frsel);
	if (ret)
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Error setting FR/FDG SEL register\n");

exit:
	return ret;
}

static int imx290_power_on(struct device *dev)
{
	struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
	struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
	struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);
	int ret;

	ret = clk_prepare_enable(imx290->xclk);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Failed to enable clock\n");
		return ret;
	}

	ret = regulator_bulk_enable(IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES, imx290->supplies);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(imx290->dev, "Failed to enable regulators\n");
		clk_disable_unprepare(imx290->xclk);
		return ret;
	}

	usleep_range(1, 2);
	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(imx290->rst_gpio, 1);
	usleep_range(30000, 31000);

	/* Set data lane count */
	imx290_set_data_lanes(imx290);

	return 0;
}

static int imx290_power_off(struct device *dev)
{
	struct i2c_client *client = to_i2c_client(dev);
	struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
	struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);

	clk_disable_unprepare(imx290->xclk);
	gpiod_set_value_cansleep(imx290->rst_gpio, 0);
	regulator_bulk_disable(IMX290_NUM_SUPPLIES, imx290->supplies);

	return 0;
}

static const struct dev_pm_ops imx290_pm_ops = {
	SET_RUNTIME_PM_OPS(imx290_power_on, imx290_power_off, NULL)
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_video_ops imx290_video_ops = {
	.s_stream = imx290_set_stream,
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_pad_ops imx290_pad_ops = {
	.init_cfg = imx290_entity_init_cfg,
	.enum_mbus_code = imx290_enum_mbus_code,
	.get_fmt = imx290_get_fmt,
	.set_fmt = imx290_set_fmt,
};

static const struct v4l2_subdev_ops imx290_subdev_ops = {
	.video = &imx290_video_ops,
	.pad = &imx290_pad_ops,
};

static const struct media_entity_operations imx290_subdev_entity_ops = {
	.link_validate = v4l2_subdev_link_validate,
};

static int imx290_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	struct device *dev = &client->dev;
	struct fwnode_handle *endpoint;
	struct imx290 *imx290;
	u32 xclk_freq;
	int ret;

	imx290 = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*imx290), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!imx290)
		return -ENOMEM;

	imx290->dev = dev;
	imx290->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client, &imx290_regmap_config);
	if (IS_ERR(imx290->regmap)) {
		dev_err(dev, "Unable to initialize I2C\n");
		return -ENODEV;
	}

	endpoint = fwnode_graph_get_next_endpoint(dev_fwnode(dev), NULL);
	if (!endpoint) {
		dev_err(dev, "Endpoint node not found\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	ret = v4l2_fwnode_endpoint_alloc_parse(endpoint, &imx290->ep);
	fwnode_handle_put(endpoint);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "Parsing endpoint node failed\n");
		goto free_err;
	}

	/* Get number of data lanes */
	imx290->nlanes = imx290->ep.bus.mipi_csi2.num_data_lanes;
	if (imx290->nlanes != 2 && imx290->nlanes != 4) {
		dev_err(dev, "Invalid data lanes: %d\n", imx290->nlanes);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto free_err;
	}

	dev_dbg(dev, "Using %u data lanes\n", imx290->nlanes);

	if (!imx290->ep.nr_of_link_frequencies) {
		dev_err(dev, "link-frequency property not found in DT\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto free_err;
	}

	if (imx290->ep.link_frequencies[0] != IMX290_DEFAULT_LINK_FREQ) {
		dev_err(dev, "Unsupported link frequency\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto free_err;
	}

	/* Only CSI2 is supported for now */
	if (imx290->ep.bus_type != V4L2_MBUS_CSI2_DPHY) {
		dev_err(dev, "Unsupported bus type, should be CSI2\n");
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto free_err;
	}

	/* Set default mode to max resolution */
	imx290->current_mode = &imx290_modes[0];

	/* get system clock (xclk) */
	imx290->xclk = devm_clk_get(dev, "xclk");
	if (IS_ERR(imx290->xclk)) {
		dev_err(dev, "Could not get xclk");
		ret = PTR_ERR(imx290->xclk);
		goto free_err;
	}

	ret = fwnode_property_read_u32(dev_fwnode(dev), "clock-frequency",
				       &xclk_freq);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "Could not get xclk frequency\n");
		goto free_err;
	}

	/* external clock must be 37.125 MHz */
	if (xclk_freq != 37125000) {
		dev_err(dev, "External clock frequency %u is not supported\n",
			xclk_freq);
		ret = -EINVAL;
		goto free_err;
	}

	ret = clk_set_rate(imx290->xclk, xclk_freq);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(dev, "Could not set xclk frequency\n");
		goto free_err;
	}

	ret = imx290_get_regulators(dev, imx290);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(dev, "Cannot get regulators\n");
		goto free_err;
	}

	imx290->rst_gpio = devm_gpiod_get_optional(dev, "reset", GPIOD_ASIS);
	if (IS_ERR(imx290->rst_gpio)) {
		dev_err(dev, "Cannot get reset gpio\n");
		ret = PTR_ERR(imx290->rst_gpio);
		goto free_err;
	}

	mutex_init(&imx290->lock);

	v4l2_ctrl_handler_init(&imx290->ctrls, 4);

	v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&imx290->ctrls, &imx290_ctrl_ops,
			  V4L2_CID_GAIN, 0, 72, 1, 0);
	imx290->link_freq =
		v4l2_ctrl_new_int_menu(&imx290->ctrls,
				       &imx290_ctrl_ops,
				       V4L2_CID_LINK_FREQ,
				       ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_link_freq) - 1,
				       0, imx290_link_freq);
	if (imx290->link_freq)
		imx290->link_freq->flags |= V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_READ_ONLY;

	imx290->pixel_rate = v4l2_ctrl_new_std(&imx290->ctrls, &imx290_ctrl_ops,
					       V4L2_CID_PIXEL_RATE, 1,
					       INT_MAX, 1,
					       imx290_modes[0].pixel_rate);

	v4l2_ctrl_new_std_menu_items(&imx290->ctrls, &imx290_ctrl_ops,
				     V4L2_CID_TEST_PATTERN,
				     ARRAY_SIZE(imx290_test_pattern_menu) - 1,
				     0, 0, imx290_test_pattern_menu);

	imx290->sd.ctrl_handler = &imx290->ctrls;

	if (imx290->ctrls.error) {
		dev_err(dev, "Control initialization error %d\n",
			imx290->ctrls.error);
		ret = imx290->ctrls.error;
		goto free_ctrl;
	}

	v4l2_i2c_subdev_init(&imx290->sd, client, &imx290_subdev_ops);
	imx290->sd.flags |= V4L2_SUBDEV_FL_HAS_DEVNODE;
	imx290->sd.dev = &client->dev;
	imx290->sd.entity.ops = &imx290_subdev_entity_ops;
	imx290->sd.entity.function = MEDIA_ENT_F_CAM_SENSOR;

	imx290->pad.flags = MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE;
	ret = media_entity_pads_init(&imx290->sd.entity, 1, &imx290->pad);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(dev, "Could not register media entity\n");
		goto free_ctrl;
	}

	ret = v4l2_async_register_subdev(&imx290->sd);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(dev, "Could not register v4l2 device\n");
		goto free_entity;
	}

	/* Power on the device to match runtime PM state below */
	ret = imx290_power_on(dev);
	if (ret < 0) {
		dev_err(dev, "Could not power on the device\n");
		goto free_entity;
	}

	/* Set data lane count */
	imx290_set_data_lanes(imx290);

	pm_runtime_set_active(dev);
	pm_runtime_enable(dev);
	pm_runtime_idle(dev);

	v4l2_fwnode_endpoint_free(&imx290->ep);

	return 0;

free_entity:
	media_entity_cleanup(&imx290->sd.entity);
free_ctrl:
	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(&imx290->ctrls);
	mutex_destroy(&imx290->lock);
free_err:
	v4l2_fwnode_endpoint_free(&imx290->ep);

	return ret;
}

static int imx290_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
{
	struct v4l2_subdev *sd = i2c_get_clientdata(client);
	struct imx290 *imx290 = to_imx290(sd);

	v4l2_async_unregister_subdev(sd);
	media_entity_cleanup(&sd->entity);
	v4l2_ctrl_handler_free(sd->ctrl_handler);

	mutex_destroy(&imx290->lock);

	pm_runtime_disable(imx290->dev);
	if (!pm_runtime_status_suspended(imx290->dev))
		imx290_power_off(imx290->dev);
	pm_runtime_set_suspended(imx290->dev);

	return 0;
}

static const struct of_device_id imx290_of_match[] = {
	{ .compatible = "sony,imx290" },
	{ /* sentinel */ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, imx290_of_match);

static struct i2c_driver imx290_i2c_driver = {
	.probe_new  = imx290_probe,
	.remove = imx290_remove,
	.driver = {
		.name  = "imx290",
		.pm = &imx290_pm_ops,
		.of_match_table = of_match_ptr(imx290_of_match),
	},
};

module_i2c_driver(imx290_i2c_driver);

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sony IMX290 CMOS Image Sensor Driver");
MODULE_AUTHOR("FRAMOS GmbH");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Manivannan Sadhasivam <manivannan.sadhasivam@linaro.org>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");