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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-07-08 16:39:53 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-07-08 16:39:53 -0700
commitdad1c12ed831a7a89cc01e5582cd0b81a4be7f19 (patch)
tree7a84799d3108bd9d3f1d4b530afd3ff9300db982 /include
parent090bc5a2a91499c1fd64b78d125daa6ca5531d38 (diff)
parentaf24bde8df2029f067dc46aff0393c8f18ff6e2f (diff)
download96b-common-dad1c12ed831a7a89cc01e5582cd0b81a4be7f19.tar.gz
Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip
Pull scheduler updates from Ingo Molnar: - Remove the unused per rq load array and all its infrastructure, by Dietmar Eggemann. - Add utilization clamping support by Patrick Bellasi. This is a refinement of the energy aware scheduling framework with support for boosting of interactive and capping of background workloads: to make sure critical GUI threads get maximum frequency ASAP, and to make sure background processing doesn't unnecessarily move to cpufreq governor to higher frequencies and less energy efficient CPU modes. - Add the bare minimum of tracepoints required for LISA EAS regression testing, by Qais Yousef - which allows automated testing of various power management features, including energy aware scheduling. - Restructure the former tsk_nr_cpus_allowed() facility that the -rt kernel used to modify the scheduler's CPU affinity logic such as migrate_disable() - introduce the task->cpus_ptr value instead of taking the address of &task->cpus_allowed directly - by Sebastian Andrzej Siewior. - Misc optimizations, fixes, cleanups and small enhancements - see the Git log for details. * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (33 commits) sched/uclamp: Add uclamp support to energy_compute() sched/uclamp: Add uclamp_util_with() sched/cpufreq, sched/uclamp: Add clamps for FAIR and RT tasks sched/uclamp: Set default clamps for RT tasks sched/uclamp: Reset uclamp values on RESET_ON_FORK sched/uclamp: Extend sched_setattr() to support utilization clamping sched/core: Allow sched_setattr() to use the current policy sched/uclamp: Add system default clamps sched/uclamp: Enforce last task's UCLAMP_MAX sched/uclamp: Add bucket local max tracking sched/uclamp: Add CPU's clamp buckets refcounting sched/fair: Rename weighted_cpuload() to cpu_runnable_load() sched/debug: Export the newly added tracepoints sched/debug: Add sched_overutilized tracepoint sched/debug: Add new tracepoint to track PELT at se level sched/debug: Add new tracepoints to track PELT at rq level sched/debug: Add a new sched_trace_*() helper functions sched/autogroup: Make autogroup_path() always available sched/wait: Deduplicate code with do-while sched/topology: Remove unused 'sd' parameter from arch_scale_cpu_capacity() ...
Diffstat (limited to 'include')
-rw-r--r--include/linux/arch_topology.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/energy_model.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/log2.h34
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h79
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched/nohz.h8
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched/sysctl.h11
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched/topology.h25
-rw-r--r--include/trace/events/sched.h31
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/sched.h14
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h66
10 files changed, 227 insertions, 45 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/arch_topology.h b/include/linux/arch_topology.h
index d9bdc1a7f4e7..1cfe05ea1d89 100644
--- a/include/linux/arch_topology.h
+++ b/include/linux/arch_topology.h
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, cpu_scale);
struct sched_domain;
static inline
-unsigned long topology_get_cpu_scale(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu)
+unsigned long topology_get_cpu_scale(int cpu)
{
return per_cpu(cpu_scale, cpu);
}
diff --git a/include/linux/energy_model.h b/include/linux/energy_model.h
index aa027f7bcb3e..73f8c3cb9588 100644
--- a/include/linux/energy_model.h
+++ b/include/linux/energy_model.h
@@ -89,7 +89,7 @@ static inline unsigned long em_pd_energy(struct em_perf_domain *pd,
* like schedutil.
*/
cpu = cpumask_first(to_cpumask(pd->cpus));
- scale_cpu = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu);
+ scale_cpu = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(cpu);
cs = &pd->table[pd->nr_cap_states - 1];
freq = map_util_freq(max_util, cs->frequency, scale_cpu);
diff --git a/include/linux/log2.h b/include/linux/log2.h
index 1aec01365ed4..83a4a3ca3e8a 100644
--- a/include/linux/log2.h
+++ b/include/linux/log2.h
@@ -220,4 +220,38 @@ int __order_base_2(unsigned long n)
ilog2((n) - 1) + 1) : \
__order_base_2(n) \
)
+
+static inline __attribute__((const))
+int __bits_per(unsigned long n)
+{
+ if (n < 2)
+ return 1;
+ if (is_power_of_2(n))
+ return order_base_2(n) + 1;
+ return order_base_2(n);
+}
+
+/**
+ * bits_per - calculate the number of bits required for the argument
+ * @n: parameter
+ *
+ * This is constant-capable and can be used for compile time
+ * initializations, e.g bitfields.
+ *
+ * The first few values calculated by this routine:
+ * bf(0) = 1
+ * bf(1) = 1
+ * bf(2) = 2
+ * bf(3) = 2
+ * bf(4) = 3
+ * ... and so on.
+ */
+#define bits_per(n) \
+( \
+ __builtin_constant_p(n) ? ( \
+ ((n) == 0 || (n) == 1) \
+ ? 1 : ilog2(n) + 1 \
+ ) : \
+ __bits_per(n) \
+)
#endif /* _LINUX_LOG2_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 76adce49b5ad..459d95e4a574 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@ struct audit_context;
struct backing_dev_info;
struct bio_list;
struct blk_plug;
+struct capture_control;
struct cfs_rq;
struct fs_struct;
struct futex_pi_state;
@@ -47,8 +48,9 @@ struct pid_namespace;
struct pipe_inode_info;
struct rcu_node;
struct reclaim_state;
-struct capture_control;
struct robust_list_head;
+struct root_domain;
+struct rq;
struct sched_attr;
struct sched_param;
struct seq_file;
@@ -281,6 +283,18 @@ struct vtime {
u64 gtime;
};
+/*
+ * Utilization clamp constraints.
+ * @UCLAMP_MIN: Minimum utilization
+ * @UCLAMP_MAX: Maximum utilization
+ * @UCLAMP_CNT: Utilization clamp constraints count
+ */
+enum uclamp_id {
+ UCLAMP_MIN = 0,
+ UCLAMP_MAX,
+ UCLAMP_CNT
+};
+
struct sched_info {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_INFO
/* Cumulative counters: */
@@ -312,6 +326,10 @@ struct sched_info {
# define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT 10
# define SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SCALE (1L << SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT)
+/* Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations */
+# define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT
+# define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT)
+
struct load_weight {
unsigned long weight;
u32 inv_weight;
@@ -560,6 +578,41 @@ struct sched_dl_entity {
struct hrtimer inactive_timer;
};
+#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
+/* Number of utilization clamp buckets (shorter alias) */
+#define UCLAMP_BUCKETS CONFIG_UCLAMP_BUCKETS_COUNT
+
+/*
+ * Utilization clamp for a scheduling entity
+ * @value: clamp value "assigned" to a se
+ * @bucket_id: bucket index corresponding to the "assigned" value
+ * @active: the se is currently refcounted in a rq's bucket
+ * @user_defined: the requested clamp value comes from user-space
+ *
+ * The bucket_id is the index of the clamp bucket matching the clamp value
+ * which is pre-computed and stored to avoid expensive integer divisions from
+ * the fast path.
+ *
+ * The active bit is set whenever a task has got an "effective" value assigned,
+ * which can be different from the clamp value "requested" from user-space.
+ * This allows to know a task is refcounted in the rq's bucket corresponding
+ * to the "effective" bucket_id.
+ *
+ * The user_defined bit is set whenever a task has got a task-specific clamp
+ * value requested from userspace, i.e. the system defaults apply to this task
+ * just as a restriction. This allows to relax default clamps when a less
+ * restrictive task-specific value has been requested, thus allowing to
+ * implement a "nice" semantic. For example, a task running with a 20%
+ * default boost can still drop its own boosting to 0%.
+ */
+struct uclamp_se {
+ unsigned int value : bits_per(SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE);
+ unsigned int bucket_id : bits_per(UCLAMP_BUCKETS);
+ unsigned int active : 1;
+ unsigned int user_defined : 1;
+};
+#endif /* CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK */
+
union rcu_special {
struct {
u8 blocked;
@@ -640,6 +693,13 @@ struct task_struct {
#endif
struct sched_dl_entity dl;
+#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
+ /* Clamp values requested for a scheduling entity */
+ struct uclamp_se uclamp_req[UCLAMP_CNT];
+ /* Effective clamp values used for a scheduling entity */
+ struct uclamp_se uclamp[UCLAMP_CNT];
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
/* List of struct preempt_notifier: */
struct hlist_head preempt_notifiers;
@@ -651,7 +711,8 @@ struct task_struct {
unsigned int policy;
int nr_cpus_allowed;
- cpumask_t cpus_allowed;
+ const cpumask_t *cpus_ptr;
+ cpumask_t cpus_mask;
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU
int rcu_read_lock_nesting;
@@ -1399,7 +1460,7 @@ extern struct pid *cad_pid;
#define PF_SWAPWRITE 0x00800000 /* Allowed to write to swap */
#define PF_MEMSTALL 0x01000000 /* Stalled due to lack of memory */
#define PF_UMH 0x02000000 /* I'm an Usermodehelper process */
-#define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_allowed */
+#define PF_NO_SETAFFINITY 0x04000000 /* Userland is not allowed to meddle with cpus_mask */
#define PF_MCE_EARLY 0x08000000 /* Early kill for mce process policy */
#define PF_MEMALLOC_NOCMA 0x10000000 /* All allocation request will have _GFP_MOVABLE cleared */
#define PF_FREEZER_SKIP 0x40000000 /* Freezer should not count it as freezable */
@@ -1915,4 +1976,16 @@ static inline void rseq_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs)
#endif
+const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_cfs_rq_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
+char *sched_trace_cfs_rq_path(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, char *str, int len);
+int sched_trace_cfs_rq_cpu(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
+
+const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_rt(struct rq *rq);
+const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_dl(struct rq *rq);
+const struct sched_avg *sched_trace_rq_avg_irq(struct rq *rq);
+
+int sched_trace_rq_cpu(struct rq *rq);
+
+const struct cpumask *sched_trace_rd_span(struct root_domain *rd);
+
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/nohz.h b/include/linux/sched/nohz.h
index b36f4cf38111..1abe91ff6e4a 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/nohz.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/nohz.h
@@ -7,14 +7,6 @@
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON)
-extern void cpu_load_update_nohz_start(void);
-extern void cpu_load_update_nohz_stop(void);
-#else
-static inline void cpu_load_update_nohz_start(void) { }
-static inline void cpu_load_update_nohz_stop(void) { }
-#endif
-
-#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ_COMMON)
extern void nohz_balance_enter_idle(int cpu);
extern int get_nohz_timer_target(void);
#else
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h b/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h
index 99ce6d728df7..d4f6215ee03f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h
@@ -56,6 +56,11 @@ int sched_proc_update_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_rt_period;
extern int sysctl_sched_rt_runtime;
+#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
+extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_uclamp_util_min;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_uclamp_util_max;
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_CFS_BANDWIDTH
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_cfs_bandwidth_slice;
#endif
@@ -75,6 +80,12 @@ extern int sched_rt_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
loff_t *ppos);
+#ifdef CONFIG_UCLAMP_TASK
+extern int sysctl_sched_uclamp_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
+ loff_t *ppos);
+#endif
+
extern int sysctl_numa_balancing(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
loff_t *ppos);
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/topology.h b/include/linux/sched/topology.h
index cfc0a89a7159..7863bb62d2ab 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/topology.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/topology.h
@@ -7,12 +7,6 @@
#include <linux/sched/idle.h>
/*
- * Increase resolution of cpu_capacity calculations
- */
-#define SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT SCHED_FIXEDPOINT_SHIFT
-#define SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE (1L << SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT)
-
-/*
* sched-domains (multiprocessor balancing) declarations:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
@@ -84,11 +78,6 @@ struct sched_domain {
unsigned int busy_factor; /* less balancing by factor if busy */
unsigned int imbalance_pct; /* No balance until over watermark */
unsigned int cache_nice_tries; /* Leave cache hot tasks for # tries */
- unsigned int busy_idx;
- unsigned int idle_idx;
- unsigned int newidle_idx;
- unsigned int wake_idx;
- unsigned int forkexec_idx;
int nohz_idle; /* NOHZ IDLE status */
int flags; /* See SD_* */
@@ -201,14 +190,6 @@ extern void set_sched_topology(struct sched_domain_topology_level *tl);
# define SD_INIT_NAME(type)
#endif
-#ifndef arch_scale_cpu_capacity
-static __always_inline
-unsigned long arch_scale_cpu_capacity(struct sched_domain *sd, int cpu)
-{
- return SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
-}
-#endif
-
#else /* CONFIG_SMP */
struct sched_domain_attr;
@@ -224,16 +205,16 @@ static inline bool cpus_share_cache(int this_cpu, int that_cpu)
return true;
}
+#endif /* !CONFIG_SMP */
+
#ifndef arch_scale_cpu_capacity
static __always_inline
-unsigned long arch_scale_cpu_capacity(void __always_unused *sd, int cpu)
+unsigned long arch_scale_cpu_capacity(int cpu)
{
return SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE;
}
#endif
-#endif /* !CONFIG_SMP */
-
static inline int task_node(const struct task_struct *p)
{
return cpu_to_node(task_cpu(p));
diff --git a/include/trace/events/sched.h b/include/trace/events/sched.h
index c8c7c7efb487..420e80e56e55 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/sched.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/sched.h
@@ -594,6 +594,37 @@ TRACE_EVENT(sched_wake_idle_without_ipi,
TP_printk("cpu=%d", __entry->cpu)
);
+
+/*
+ * Following tracepoints are not exported in tracefs and provide hooking
+ * mechanisms only for testing and debugging purposes.
+ *
+ * Postfixed with _tp to make them easily identifiable in the code.
+ */
+DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_cfs_tp,
+ TP_PROTO(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq),
+ TP_ARGS(cfs_rq));
+
+DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_rt_tp,
+ TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq),
+ TP_ARGS(rq));
+
+DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_dl_tp,
+ TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq),
+ TP_ARGS(rq));
+
+DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_irq_tp,
+ TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq),
+ TP_ARGS(rq));
+
+DECLARE_TRACE(pelt_se_tp,
+ TP_PROTO(struct sched_entity *se),
+ TP_ARGS(se));
+
+DECLARE_TRACE(sched_overutilized_tp,
+ TP_PROTO(struct root_domain *rd, bool overutilized),
+ TP_ARGS(rd, overutilized));
+
#endif /* _TRACE_SCHED_H */
/* This part must be outside protection */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/sched.h b/include/uapi/linux/sched.h
index ed4ee170bee2..617bb59aa8ba 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/sched.h
@@ -51,9 +51,21 @@
#define SCHED_FLAG_RESET_ON_FORK 0x01
#define SCHED_FLAG_RECLAIM 0x02
#define SCHED_FLAG_DL_OVERRUN 0x04
+#define SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_POLICY 0x08
+#define SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_PARAMS 0x10
+#define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN 0x20
+#define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX 0x40
+
+#define SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_ALL (SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_POLICY | \
+ SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_PARAMS)
+
+#define SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP (SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MIN | \
+ SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP_MAX)
#define SCHED_FLAG_ALL (SCHED_FLAG_RESET_ON_FORK | \
SCHED_FLAG_RECLAIM | \
- SCHED_FLAG_DL_OVERRUN)
+ SCHED_FLAG_DL_OVERRUN | \
+ SCHED_FLAG_KEEP_ALL | \
+ SCHED_FLAG_UTIL_CLAMP)
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SCHED_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h b/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
index 10fbb8031930..c852153ddb0d 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/sched/types.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ struct sched_param {
};
#define SCHED_ATTR_SIZE_VER0 48 /* sizeof first published struct */
+#define SCHED_ATTR_SIZE_VER1 56 /* add: util_{min,max} */
/*
* Extended scheduling parameters data structure.
@@ -21,8 +22,33 @@ struct sched_param {
* the tasks may be useful for a wide variety of application fields, e.g.,
* multimedia, streaming, automation and control, and many others.
*
- * This variant (sched_attr) is meant at describing a so-called
- * sporadic time-constrained task. In such model a task is specified by:
+ * This variant (sched_attr) allows to define additional attributes to
+ * improve the scheduler knowledge about task requirements.
+ *
+ * Scheduling Class Attributes
+ * ===========================
+ *
+ * A subset of sched_attr attributes specifies the
+ * scheduling policy and relative POSIX attributes:
+ *
+ * @size size of the structure, for fwd/bwd compat.
+ *
+ * @sched_policy task's scheduling policy
+ * @sched_nice task's nice value (SCHED_NORMAL/BATCH)
+ * @sched_priority task's static priority (SCHED_FIFO/RR)
+ *
+ * Certain more advanced scheduling features can be controlled by a
+ * predefined set of flags via the attribute:
+ *
+ * @sched_flags for customizing the scheduler behaviour
+ *
+ * Sporadic Time-Constrained Task Attributes
+ * =========================================
+ *
+ * A subset of sched_attr attributes allows to describe a so-called
+ * sporadic time-constrained task.
+ *
+ * In such a model a task is specified by:
* - the activation period or minimum instance inter-arrival time;
* - the maximum (or average, depending on the actual scheduling
* discipline) computation time of all instances, a.k.a. runtime;
@@ -34,14 +60,8 @@ struct sched_param {
* than the runtime and must be completed by time instant t equal to
* the instance activation time + the deadline.
*
- * This is reflected by the actual fields of the sched_attr structure:
+ * This is reflected by the following fields of the sched_attr structure:
*
- * @size size of the structure, for fwd/bwd compat.
- *
- * @sched_policy task's scheduling policy
- * @sched_flags for customizing the scheduler behaviour
- * @sched_nice task's nice value (SCHED_NORMAL/BATCH)
- * @sched_priority task's static priority (SCHED_FIFO/RR)
* @sched_deadline representative of the task's deadline
* @sched_runtime representative of the task's runtime
* @sched_period representative of the task's period
@@ -53,6 +73,29 @@ struct sched_param {
* As of now, the SCHED_DEADLINE policy (sched_dl scheduling class) is the
* only user of this new interface. More information about the algorithm
* available in the scheduling class file or in Documentation/.
+ *
+ * Task Utilization Attributes
+ * ===========================
+ *
+ * A subset of sched_attr attributes allows to specify the utilization
+ * expected for a task. These attributes allow to inform the scheduler about
+ * the utilization boundaries within which it should schedule the task. These
+ * boundaries are valuable hints to support scheduler decisions on both task
+ * placement and frequency selection.
+ *
+ * @sched_util_min represents the minimum utilization
+ * @sched_util_max represents the maximum utilization
+ *
+ * Utilization is a value in the range [0..SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE]. It
+ * represents the percentage of CPU time used by a task when running at the
+ * maximum frequency on the highest capacity CPU of the system. For example, a
+ * 20% utilization task is a task running for 2ms every 10ms at maximum
+ * frequency.
+ *
+ * A task with a min utilization value bigger than 0 is more likely scheduled
+ * on a CPU with a capacity big enough to fit the specified value.
+ * A task with a max utilization value smaller than 1024 is more likely
+ * scheduled on a CPU with no more capacity than the specified value.
*/
struct sched_attr {
__u32 size;
@@ -70,6 +113,11 @@ struct sched_attr {
__u64 sched_runtime;
__u64 sched_deadline;
__u64 sched_period;
+
+ /* Utilization hints */
+ __u32 sched_util_min;
+ __u32 sched_util_max;
+
};
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SCHED_TYPES_H */