path: root/samples/Makefile
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2019-06-15kbuild: add CONFIG_HEADERS_INSTALL and loosen the dependency of samplesMasahiro Yamada
Commit 5318321d367c ("samples: disable CONFIG_SAMPLES for UML") used a big hammer to fix the build errors under the samples/ directory. Only some samples actually include uapi headers from usr/include. Introduce CONFIG_HEADERS_INSTALL since 'depends on HEADERS_INSTALL' is clearer than 'depends on !UML'. If this option is enabled, uapi headers are installed before starting directory descending. I added 'depends on HEADERS_INSTALL' to per-sample CONFIG options. This allows UML to compile some samples. $ make ARCH=um allmodconfig samples/ [ snip ] CC [M] samples/configfs/configfs_sample.o CC [M] samples/kfifo/bytestream-example.o CC [M] samples/kfifo/dma-example.o CC [M] samples/kfifo/inttype-example.o CC [M] samples/kfifo/record-example.o CC [M] samples/kobject/kobject-example.o CC [M] samples/kobject/kset-example.o CC [M] samples/trace_events/trace-events-sample.o CC [M] samples/trace_printk/trace-printk.o AR samples/vfio-mdev/built-in.a AR samples/built-in.a Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-05-18samples: guard sub-directories with CONFIG optionsMasahiro Yamada
Do not descend to sub-directories when unneeded. I used subdir-$(CONFIG_...) for hidraw, seccomp, and vfs because they only contain host programs. While we are here, let's add SPDX License tag, and sort the directories alphabetically. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-05-08Merge tag 'kbuild-v5.2' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild Pull Kbuild updates from Masahiro Yamada: - allow users to invoke 'make' out of the source tree - refactor scripts/mkmakefile - deprecate KBUILD_SRC, which was used to track the source tree location for O= build. - fix recordmcount.pl in case objdump output is localized - turn unresolved symbols in external modules to errors from warnings by default; pass KBUILD_MODPOST_WARN=1 to get them back to warnings - generate modules.builtin.modinfo to collect .modinfo data from built-in modules - misc Makefile cleanups * tag 'kbuild-v5.2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/masahiroy/linux-kbuild: (21 commits) .gitignore: add more all*.config patterns moduleparam: Save information about built-in modules in separate file Remove MODULE_ALIAS() calls that take undefined macro .gitignore: add leading and trailing slashes to generated directories scripts/tags.sh: fix direct execution of scripts/tags.sh scripts: override locale from environment when running recordmcount.pl samples: kobject: allow CONFIG_SAMPLE_KOBJECT to become y samples: seccomp: turn CONFIG_SAMPLE_SECCOMP into a bool option kbuild: move Documentation to vmlinux-alldirs kbuild: move samples/ to KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS modpost: make KBUILD_MODPOST_WARN also configurable for external modules kbuild: check arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/generated before out-of-tree build kbuild: remove unneeded dependency for include/config/kernel.release memory: squash drivers/memory/Makefile.asm-offsets kbuild: use $(srctree) instead of KBUILD_SRC to check out-of-tree build kbuild: mkmakefile: generate a simple wrapper of top Makefile kbuild: mkmakefile: do not check the generated Makefile marker kbuild: allow Kbuild to start from any directory kbuild: pass $(MAKECMDGOALS) to sub-make as is kbuild: fix warning "overriding recipe for target 'Makefile'" ...
2019-05-07Merge branch 'work.mount-syscalls' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull mount ABI updates from Al Viro: "The syscalls themselves, finally. That's not all there is to that stuff, but switching individual filesystems to new methods is fortunately independent from everything else, so e.g. NFS series can go through NFS tree, etc. As those conversions get done, we'll be finally able to get rid of a bunch of duplication in fs/super.c introduced in the beginning of the entire thing. I expect that to be finished in the next window..." * 'work.mount-syscalls' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: vfs: Add a sample program for the new mount API vfs: syscall: Add fspick() to select a superblock for reconfiguration vfs: syscall: Add fsmount() to create a mount for a superblock vfs: syscall: Add fsconfig() for configuring and managing a context vfs: Implement logging through fs_context vfs: syscall: Add fsopen() to prepare for superblock creation Make anon_inodes unconditional teach move_mount(2) to work with OPEN_TREE_CLONE vfs: syscall: Add move_mount(2) to move mounts around vfs: syscall: Add open_tree(2) to reference or clone a mount
2019-05-07samples: show race-free pidfd metadata accessChristian Brauner
This is a sample program showing userspace how to get race-free access to process metadata from a pidfd. It is rather easy to do and userspace can actually simply reuse code that currently parses a process's status file in procfs. The program can easily be extended into a generic helper suitable for inclusion in a libc to make it even easier for userspace to gain metadata access. Since this came up in a discussion because this API is going to be used in various service managers: A lot of programs will have a whitelist seccomp filter that returns <some-errno> for all new syscalls. This means that programs might get confused if CLONE_PIDFD works but the later pidfd_send_signal() syscall doesn't. Hence, here's a ahead of time check that pidfd_send_signal() is supported: bool pidfd_send_signal_supported() { int procfd = open("/proc/self", O_DIRECTORY | O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC); if (procfd < 0) return false; /* * A process is always allowed to signal itself so * pidfd_send_signal() should never fail this test. If it does * it must mean it is not available, blocked by an LSM, seccomp, * or other. */ return pidfd_send_signal(procfd, 0, NULL, 0) == 0; } Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> Co-developed-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Signed-off-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: "Michael Kerrisk (man-pages)" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirsky <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2019-05-03kbuild: move samples/ to KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJSMasahiro Yamada
Handle samples/ like the other top-level directories to simplify the Makefile. Include include/config/auto.conf earlier to evaluate drivers-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES). Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
2019-03-20vfs: Add a sample program for the new mount APIDavid Howells
Add a sample program to demonstrate fsopen/fsmount/move_mount to mount something. To make it compile on all arches, irrespective of whether or not syscall numbers are assigned, define the syscall number to -1 if it isn't to cause the kernel to return -ENOSYS. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2019-01-14samples: add binderfs sample programChristian Brauner
This adds a simple sample program mounting binderfs and adding, then removing a binder device. Hopefully, it will be helpful to users who want to know how binderfs is supposed to be used. Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2018-04-10Merge tag 'rproc-v4.17' of git://github.com/andersson/remoteprocLinus Torvalds
Pull remoteproc updates from Bjorn Andersson: - add support for generating coredumps for remoteprocs using devcoredump - add the Qualcomm sysmon driver for intra-remoteproc crash handling - a number of fixes in Qualcomm and IMX drivers * tag 'rproc-v4.17' of git://github.com/andersson/remoteproc: remoteproc: fix null pointer dereference on glink only platforms soc: qcom: qmi: add CONFIG_NET dependency remoteproc: imx_rproc: Slightly simplify code in 'imx_rproc_probe()' remoteproc: imx_rproc: Re-use existing error handling path in 'imx_rproc_probe()' remoteproc: imx_rproc: Fix an error handling path in 'imx_rproc_probe()' samples: Introduce Qualcomm QMI sample client remoteproc: qcom: Introduce sysmon remoteproc: Pass type of shutdown to subdev remove remoteproc: qcom: Register segments for core dump soc: qcom: mdt-loader: Return relocation base remoteproc: Rename "load_rsc_table" to "parse_fw" remoteproc: Add remote processor coredump support remoteproc: Remove null character write of shared mem
2018-03-16arch: remove blackfin portArnd Bergmann
The Analog Devices Blackfin port was added in 2007 and was rather active for a while, but all work on it has come to a standstill over time, as Analog have changed their product line-up. Aaron Wu confirmed that the architecture port is no longer relevant, and multiple people suggested removing blackfin independently because of some of its oddities like a non-working SMP port, and the amount of duplication between the chip variants, which cause extra work when doing cross-architecture changes. Link: https://docs.blackfin.uclinux.org/ Acked-by: Aaron Wu <Aaron.Wu@analog.com> Acked-by: Bryan Wu <cooloney@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Miao <realmz6@gmail.com> Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2018-02-12samples: Introduce Qualcomm QMI sample clientBjorn Andersson
Introduce a sample driver that register for server notifications and spawn clients for each available test service (service 15). The spawned clients implements the interface for encoding "ping" and "data" requests and decode the responses from the remote. Acked-By: Chris Lew <clew@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@linaro.org>
2017-03-02statx: Add a system call to make enhanced file info availableDavid Howells
Add a system call to make extended file information available, including file creation and some attribute flags where available through the underlying filesystem. The getattr inode operation is altered to take two additional arguments: a u32 request_mask and an unsigned int flags that indicate the synchronisation mode. This change is propagated to the vfs_getattr*() function. Functions like vfs_stat() are now inline wrappers around new functions vfs_statx() and vfs_statx_fd() to reduce stack usage. ======== OVERVIEW ======== The idea was initially proposed as a set of xattrs that could be retrieved with getxattr(), but the general preference proved to be for a new syscall with an extended stat structure. A number of requests were gathered for features to be included. The following have been included: (1) Make the fields a consistent size on all arches and make them large. (2) Spare space, request flags and information flags are provided for future expansion. (3) Better support for the y2038 problem [Arnd Bergmann] (tv_sec is an __s64). (4) Creation time: The SMB protocol carries the creation time, which could be exported by Samba, which will in turn help CIFS make use of FS-Cache as that can be used for coherency data (stx_btime). This is also specified in NFSv4 as a recommended attribute and could be exported by NFSD [Steve French]. (5) Lightweight stat: Ask for just those details of interest, and allow a netfs (such as NFS) to approximate anything not of interest, possibly without going to the server [Trond Myklebust, Ulrich Drepper, Andreas Dilger] (AT_STATX_DONT_SYNC). (6) Heavyweight stat: Force a netfs to go to the server, even if it thinks its cached attributes are up to date [Trond Myklebust] (AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC). And the following have been left out for future extension: (7) Data version number: Could be used by userspace NFS servers [Aneesh Kumar]. Can also be used to modify fill_post_wcc() in NFSD which retrieves i_version directly, but has just called vfs_getattr(). It could get it from the kstat struct if it used vfs_xgetattr() instead. (There's disagreement on the exact semantics of a single field, since not all filesystems do this the same way). (8) BSD stat compatibility: Including more fields from the BSD stat such as creation time (st_btime) and inode generation number (st_gen) [Jeremy Allison, Bernd Schubert]. (9) Inode generation number: Useful for FUSE and userspace NFS servers [Bernd Schubert]. (This was asked for but later deemed unnecessary with the open-by-handle capability available and caused disagreement as to whether it's a security hole or not). (10) Extra coherency data may be useful in making backups [Andreas Dilger]. (No particular data were offered, but things like last backup timestamp, the data version number and the DOS archive bit would come into this category). (11) Allow the filesystem to indicate what it can/cannot provide: A filesystem can now say it doesn't support a standard stat feature if that isn't available, so if, for instance, inode numbers or UIDs don't exist or are fabricated locally... (This requires a separate system call - I have an fsinfo() call idea for this). (12) Store a 16-byte volume ID in the superblock that can be returned in struct xstat [Steve French]. (Deferred to fsinfo). (13) Include granularity fields in the time data to indicate the granularity of each of the times (NFSv4 time_delta) [Steve French]. (Deferred to fsinfo). (14) FS_IOC_GETFLAGS value. These could be translated to BSD's st_flags. Note that the Linux IOC flags are a mess and filesystems such as Ext4 define flags that aren't in linux/fs.h, so translation in the kernel may be a necessity (or, possibly, we provide the filesystem type too). (Some attributes are made available in stx_attributes, but the general feeling was that the IOC flags were to ext[234]-specific and shouldn't be exposed through statx this way). (15) Mask of features available on file (eg: ACLs, seclabel) [Brad Boyer, Michael Kerrisk]. (Deferred, probably to fsinfo. Finding out if there's an ACL or seclabal might require extra filesystem operations). (16) Femtosecond-resolution timestamps [Dave Chinner]. (A __reserved field has been left in the statx_timestamp struct for this - if there proves to be a need). (17) A set multiple attributes syscall to go with this. =============== NEW SYSTEM CALL =============== The new system call is: int ret = statx(int dfd, const char *filename, unsigned int flags, unsigned int mask, struct statx *buffer); The dfd, filename and flags parameters indicate the file to query, in a similar way to fstatat(). There is no equivalent of lstat() as that can be emulated with statx() by passing AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW in flags. There is also no equivalent of fstat() as that can be emulated by passing a NULL filename to statx() with the fd of interest in dfd. Whether or not statx() synchronises the attributes with the backing store can be controlled by OR'ing a value into the flags argument (this typically only affects network filesystems): (1) AT_STATX_SYNC_AS_STAT tells statx() to behave as stat() does in this respect. (2) AT_STATX_FORCE_SYNC will require a network filesystem to synchronise its attributes with the server - which might require data writeback to occur to get the timestamps correct. (3) AT_STATX_DONT_SYNC will suppress synchronisation with the server in a network filesystem. The resulting values should be considered approximate. mask is a bitmask indicating the fields in struct statx that are of interest to the caller. The user should set this to STATX_BASIC_STATS to get the basic set returned by stat(). It should be noted that asking for more information may entail extra I/O operations. buffer points to the destination for the data. This must be 256 bytes in size. ====================== MAIN ATTRIBUTES RECORD ====================== The following structures are defined in which to return the main attribute set: struct statx_timestamp { __s64 tv_sec; __s32 tv_nsec; __s32 __reserved; }; struct statx { __u32 stx_mask; __u32 stx_blksize; __u64 stx_attributes; __u32 stx_nlink; __u32 stx_uid; __u32 stx_gid; __u16 stx_mode; __u16 __spare0[1]; __u64 stx_ino; __u64 stx_size; __u64 stx_blocks; __u64 __spare1[1]; struct statx_timestamp stx_atime; struct statx_timestamp stx_btime; struct statx_timestamp stx_ctime; struct statx_timestamp stx_mtime; __u32 stx_rdev_major; __u32 stx_rdev_minor; __u32 stx_dev_major; __u32 stx_dev_minor; __u64 __spare2[14]; }; The defined bits in request_mask and stx_mask are: STATX_TYPE Want/got stx_mode & S_IFMT STATX_MODE Want/got stx_mode & ~S_IFMT STATX_NLINK Want/got stx_nlink STATX_UID Want/got stx_uid STATX_GID Want/got stx_gid STATX_ATIME Want/got stx_atime{,_ns} STATX_MTIME Want/got stx_mtime{,_ns} STATX_CTIME Want/got stx_ctime{,_ns} STATX_INO Want/got stx_ino STATX_SIZE Want/got stx_size STATX_BLOCKS Want/got stx_blocks STATX_BASIC_STATS [The stuff in the normal stat struct] STATX_BTIME Want/got stx_btime{,_ns} STATX_ALL [All currently available stuff] stx_btime is the file creation time, stx_mask is a bitmask indicating the data provided and __spares*[] are where as-yet undefined fields can be placed. Time fields are structures with separate seconds and nanoseconds fields plus a reserved field in case we want to add even finer resolution. Note that times will be negative if before 1970; in such a case, the nanosecond fields will also be negative if not zero. The bits defined in the stx_attributes field convey information about a file, how it is accessed, where it is and what it does. The following attributes map to FS_*_FL flags and are the same numerical value: STATX_ATTR_COMPRESSED File is compressed by the fs STATX_ATTR_IMMUTABLE File is marked immutable STATX_ATTR_APPEND File is append-only STATX_ATTR_NODUMP File is not to be dumped STATX_ATTR_ENCRYPTED File requires key to decrypt in fs Within the kernel, the supported flags are listed by: KSTAT_ATTR_FS_IOC_FLAGS [Are any other IOC flags of sufficient general interest to be exposed through this interface?] New flags include: STATX_ATTR_AUTOMOUNT Object is an automount trigger These are for the use of GUI tools that might want to mark files specially, depending on what they are. Fields in struct statx come in a number of classes: (0) stx_dev_*, stx_blksize. These are local system information and are always available. (1) stx_mode, stx_nlinks, stx_uid, stx_gid, stx_[amc]time, stx_ino, stx_size, stx_blocks. These will be returned whether the caller asks for them or not. The corresponding bits in stx_mask will be set to indicate whether they actually have valid values. If the caller didn't ask for them, then they may be approximated. For example, NFS won't waste any time updating them from the server, unless as a byproduct of updating something requested. If the values don't actually exist for the underlying object (such as UID or GID on a DOS file), then the bit won't be set in the stx_mask, even if the caller asked for the value. In such a case, the returned value will be a fabrication. Note that there are instances where the type might not be valid, for instance Windows reparse points. (2) stx_rdev_*. This will be set only if stx_mode indicates we're looking at a blockdev or a chardev, otherwise will be 0. (3) stx_btime. Similar to (1), except this will be set to 0 if it doesn't exist. ======= TESTING ======= The following test program can be used to test the statx system call: samples/statx/test-statx.c Just compile and run, passing it paths to the files you want to examine. The file is built automatically if CONFIG_SAMPLES is enabled. Here's some example output. Firstly, an NFS directory that crosses to another FSID. Note that the AUTOMOUNT attribute is set because transiting this directory will cause d_automount to be invoked by the VFS. [root@andromeda ~]# /tmp/test-statx -A /warthog/data statx(/warthog/data) = 0 results=7ff Size: 4096 Blocks: 8 IO Block: 1048576 directory Device: 00:26 Inode: 1703937 Links: 125 Access: (3777/drwxrwxrwx) Uid: 0 Gid: 4041 Access: 2016-11-24 09:02:12.219699527+0000 Modify: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000 Change: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000 Attributes: 0000000000001000 (-------- -------- -------- -------- -------- -------- ---m---- --------) Secondly, the result of automounting on that directory. [root@andromeda ~]# /tmp/test-statx /warthog/data statx(/warthog/data) = 0 results=7ff Size: 4096 Blocks: 8 IO Block: 1048576 directory Device: 00:27 Inode: 2 Links: 125 Access: (3777/drwxrwxrwx) Uid: 0 Gid: 4041 Access: 2016-11-24 09:02:12.219699527+0000 Modify: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000 Change: 2016-11-17 10:44:36.225653653+0000 Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2016-12-30vfio-mdev: Fix mtty sample driver buildingAlex Williamson
This sample driver was originally under Documentation/ and was moved to samples, but build support was never adjusted for the new location. Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com> Tested-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
2016-10-10samples: move blackfin gptimers-example from DocumentationShuah Khan
Move blackfin gptimers-example to samples and remove it from Documentation Makefile. Update samples Kconfig and Makefile to build gptimers-example. blackfin is the last CONFIG_BUILD_DOCSRC target in Documentation/Makefile. Hence this patch also includes changes to remove CONFIG_BUILD_DOCSRC from Makefile and lib/Kconfig.debug and updates VIDEO_PCI_SKELETON dependency on BUILD_DOCSRC. Documentation/Makefile is not deleted to avoid braking make htmldocs and make distclean. Acked-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com> Acked-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reported-by: Valentin Rothberg <valentinrothberg@gmail.com> Reported-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Shuah Khan <shuahkh@osg.samsung.com>
2016-06-20tracing: Add trace_printk sample codeSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
Add sample code to test trace_printk(). The trace_printk() functions should never be used in production code. This makes testing it a bit more difficult. Having a sample module that can test use cases of trace_printk() can help out. Currently it just tests trace_printk() where it will be converted into: trace_bputs() trace_puts() trace_bprintk() as well as staying as the normal _trace_printk(). It also tests its use in interrupt context as that will test the auxilery buffers. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2016-04-28samples: v4l: from Documentation to samples directoryArnd Bergmann
A small bug with the new autoksyms support showed that there are two kernel modules in the Documentation directory that qualify as samples, while all other samples are in the samples/ directory. This patch was originally meant as a workaround for that bug, but it has now been solved in a different way. However, I still think it makes sense as a cleanup to consolidate all sample code in one place. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@cisco.com> Acked-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@osg.samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2016-04-28samples: connector: from Documentation to samples directoryArnd Bergmann
A small bug with the new autoksyms support showed that there are two kernel modules in the Documentation directory that qualify as samples, while all other samples are in the samples/ directory. This patch was originally meant as a workaround for that bug, but it has now been solved in a different way. However, I still think it makes sense as a cleanup to consolidate all sample code in one place. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
2015-10-13configfs: remove old APIChristoph Hellwig
Remove the old show_attribute and store_attribute methods and update the documentation. Also replace the two C samples with a single new one in the proper samples directory where people expect to find it. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Nicholas Bellinger <nab@linux-iscsi.org>
2014-12-22livepatch: samples: add sample live patching moduleSeth Jennings
Add a sample live patching module. Signed-off-by: Seth Jennings <sjenning@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2013-01-25tracing: Remove tracepoint sample codeSteven Rostedt
The tracepoint sample code was used to teach developers how to create their own tracepoints. But now the trace_events have been added as a higher level that is used directly by developers today. Only the trace_event code should use the tracepoint interface directly and no new tracepoints should be added. Besides, the example had a race condition with the use of the ->d_name.name dentry field, as pointed out by Al Viro. Best just to remove the code so it wont be used by other developers. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20130123225523.GY4939@ZenIV.linux.org.uk Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2012-04-14Documentation: prctl/seccomp_filterWill Drewry
Documents how system call filtering using Berkeley Packet Filter programs works and how it may be used. Includes an example for x86 and a semi-generic example using a macro-based code generator. Acked-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Will Drewry <wad@chromium.org> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> v18: - added acked by - update no new privs numbers v17: - remove @compat note and add Pitfalls section for arch checking (keescook@chromium.org) v16: - v15: - v14: - rebase/nochanges v13: - rebase on to 88ebdda6159ffc15699f204c33feb3e431bf9bdc v12: - comment on the ptrace_event use - update arch support comment - note the behavior of SECCOMP_RET_DATA when there are multiple filters (keescook@chromium.org) - lots of samples/ clean up incl 64-bit bpf-direct support (markus@chromium.org) - rebase to linux-next v11: - overhaul return value language, updates (keescook@chromium.org) - comment on do_exit(SIGSYS) v10: - update for SIGSYS - update for new seccomp_data layout - update for ptrace option use v9: - updated bpf-direct.c for SIGILL v8: - add PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS to the samples. v7: - updated for all the new stuff in v7: TRAP, TRACE - only talk about PR_SET_SECCOMP now - fixed bad JLE32 check (coreyb@linux.vnet.ibm.com) - adds dropper.c: a simple system call disabler v6: - tweak the language to note the requirement of PR_SET_NO_NEW_PRIVS being called prior to use. (luto@mit.edu) v5: - update sample to use system call arguments - adds a "fancy" example using a macro-based generator - cleaned up bpf in the sample - update docs to mention arguments - fix prctl value (eparis@redhat.com) - language cleanup (rdunlap@xenotime.net) v4: - update for no_new_privs use - minor tweaks v3: - call out BPF <-> Berkeley Packet Filter (rdunlap@xenotime.net) - document use of tentative always-unprivileged - guard sample compilation for i386 and x86_64 v2: - move code to samples (corbet@lwn.net) Signed-off-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
2012-02-08samples/rpmsg: add an rpmsg driver sampleOhad Ben-Cohen
Add an rpmsg driver sample, which demonstrates how to communicate with an AMP-configured remote processor over the rpmsg bus. Note how once probed, the driver can immediately start sending messages using the rpmsg_send() API, without having to worry about creating endpoints or allocating rpmsg addresses: all that work is done by the rpmsg bus, and the required information is already embedded in the rpmsg channel that the driver is probed with. In this sample, the driver simply sends a "Hello World!" message to the remote processor repeatedly. Designed with Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com>. Signed-off-by: Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@wizery.com> Cc: Brian Swetland <swetland@google.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Grant Likely <grant.likely@secretlab.ca> Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org>
2011-03-22HID: Documentation for hidrawAlan Ott
Documenation for the hidraw driver, with sample program. Signed-off-by: Alan Ott <alan@signal11.us> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2010-10-29kdb: Add kdb kernel module sampleJason Wessel
Add an example of how to add a dynamic kdb shell command via a kernel module. Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com>
2010-08-11kfifo: add example files to the kernel sample directoryStefani Seibold
Add four examples to the kernel sample directory. It shows how to handle: - a byte stream fifo - a integer type fifo - a dynamic record sized fifo - the fifo DMA functions [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-10-18Merge commit 'perf/core' into perf/hw-breakpointFrederic Weisbecker
Conflicts: kernel/Makefile kernel/trace/Makefile kernel/trace/trace.h samples/Makefile Merge reason: We need to be uptodate with the perf events development branch because we plan to rewrite the breakpoints API on top of perf events.
2009-09-18tracing: Remove markersChristoph Hellwig
Now that the last users of markers have migrated to the event tracer we can kill off the (now orphan) support code. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <20090917173527.GA1699@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-06-02hw-breakpoints: sample HW breakpoint over kernel data addressK.Prasad
This patch introduces a sample kernel module to demonstrate the use of Hardware Breakpoint feature. It places a breakpoint over the kernel variable 'pid_max' to monitor all write operations and emits a function-backtrace when done. Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-04-14tracing/events: add trace-events-sampleSteven Rostedt
This patch adds a sample to the samples directory on how to create and use TRACE_EVENT trace points. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2008-10-14tracing: tracepoints, samplesMathieu Desnoyers
Tracepoint example code under samples/. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Acked-by: 'Peter Zijlstra' <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-03-04Kprobes: move kprobe examples to samples/Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli
Move kprobes examples from Documentation/kprobes.txt to under samples/. Patch originally by Randy Dunlap. o Updated the patch to apply on 2.6.25-rc3 o Modified examples code to build on multiple architectures. Currently, the kprobe and jprobe examples code works for x86 and powerpc o Cleaned up unneeded #includes o Cleaned up Kconfig per Sam Ravnborg's suggestions to fix build break on archs that don't have kretprobes o Implemented suggestions by Mathieu Desnoyers on CONFIG_KRETPROBES o Included Andrew Morton's cleanup based on x86-git o Modified kretprobe_example to act as a arch-agnostic module to determine routine execution times: Use 'modprobe kretprobe_example func=<func_name>' to determine execution time of func_name in nanoseconds. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-01-24kobject: add sample code for how to use kobjects in a simple manner.Greg Kroah-Hartman
This is a simple kobject module, showing how to use kobj_attributes in basic and more complex ways. Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2007-10-19Linux Kernel Markers - SamplesMathieu Desnoyers
Module example showing how to use the Linux Kernel Markers. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>