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2018-10-31mm/rmap: map_pte() was not handling private ZONE_DEVICE page properlyRalph Campbell
Private ZONE_DEVICE pages use a special pte entry and thus are not present. Properly handle this case in map_pte(), it is already handled in check_pte(), the map_pte() part was lost in some rebase most probably. Without this patch the slow migration path can not migrate back to any private ZONE_DEVICE memory to regular memory. This was found after stress testing migration back to system memory. This ultimatly can lead to the CPU constantly page fault looping on the special swap entry. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181019160442.18723-3-jglisse@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ralph Campbell <rcampbell@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-01-22mm, page_vma_mapped: Introduce pfn_in_hpage()Kirill A. Shutemov
The new helper would check if the pfn belongs to the page. For huge pages it checks if the PFN is within range covered by the huge page. The helper is used in check_pte(). The original code the helper replaces had two call to page_to_pfn(). page_to_pfn() is relatively costly. Although current GCC is able to optimize code to have one call, it's better to do this explicitly. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-01-21mm, page_vma_mapped: Drop faulty pointer arithmetics in check_pte()Kirill A. Shutemov
Tetsuo reported random crashes under memory pressure on 32-bit x86 system and tracked down to change that introduced page_vma_mapped_walk(). The root cause of the issue is the faulty pointer math in check_pte(). As ->pte may point to an arbitrary page we have to check that they are belong to the section before doing math. Otherwise it may lead to weird results. It wasn't noticed until now as mem_map[] is virtually contiguous on flatmem or vmemmap sparsemem. Pointer arithmetic just works against all 'struct page' pointers. But with classic sparsemem, it doesn't because each section memap is allocated separately and so consecutive pfns crossing two sections might have struct pages at completely unrelated addresses. Let's restructure code a bit and replace pointer arithmetic with operations on pfns. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Reported-and-tested-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Fixes: ace71a19cec5 ("mm: introduce page_vma_mapped_walk()") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-10-13mm: page_vma_mapped: ensure pmd is loaded with READ_ONCE outside of lockWill Deacon
Loading the pmd without holding the pmd_lock exposes us to races with concurrent updaters of the page tables but, worse still, it also allows the compiler to cache the pmd value in a register and reuse it later on, even if we've performed a READ_ONCE in between and seen a more recent value. In the case of page_vma_mapped_walk, this leads to the following crash when the pmd loaded for the initial pmd_trans_huge check is all zeroes and a subsequent valid table entry is loaded by check_pmd. We then proceed into map_pte, but the compiler re-uses the zero entry inside pte_offset_map, resulting in a junk pointer being installed in pvmw->pte: PC is at check_pte+0x20/0x170 LR is at page_vma_mapped_walk+0x2e0/0x540 [...] Process doio (pid: 2463, stack limit = 0xffff00000f2e8000) Call trace: check_pte+0x20/0x170 page_vma_mapped_walk+0x2e0/0x540 page_mkclean_one+0xac/0x278 rmap_walk_file+0xf0/0x238 rmap_walk+0x64/0xa0 page_mkclean+0x90/0xa8 clear_page_dirty_for_io+0x84/0x2a8 mpage_submit_page+0x34/0x98 mpage_process_page_bufs+0x164/0x170 mpage_prepare_extent_to_map+0x134/0x2b8 ext4_writepages+0x484/0xe30 do_writepages+0x44/0xe8 __filemap_fdatawrite_range+0xbc/0x110 file_write_and_wait_range+0x48/0xd8 ext4_sync_file+0x80/0x4b8 vfs_fsync_range+0x64/0xc0 SyS_msync+0x194/0x1e8 This patch fixes the problem by ensuring that READ_ONCE is used before the initial checks on the pmd, and this value is subsequently used when checking whether or not the pmd is present. pmd_check is removed and the pmd_present check is inlined directly. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1507222630-5839-1-git-send-email-will.deacon@arm.com Fixes: f27176cfc363 ("mm: convert page_mkclean_one() to use page_vma_mapped_walk()") Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Tested-by: Yury Norov <ynorov@caviumnetworks.com> Tested-by: Richard Ruigrok <rruigrok@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-10-13mm: remove unnecessary WARN_ONCE in page_vma_mapped_walk().Zi Yan
A non present pmd entry can appear after pmd_lock is taken in page_vma_mapped_walk(), even if THP migration is not enabled. The WARN_ONCE is unnecessary. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20171003142606.12324-1-zi.yan@sent.com Fixes: 616b8371539a ("mm: thp: enable thp migration in generic path") Signed-off-by: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu> Reported-by: Abdul Haleem <abdhalee@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Tested-by: Abdul Haleem <abdhalee@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-09-08mm/migrate: support un-addressable ZONE_DEVICE page in migrationJérôme Glisse
Allow to unmap and restore special swap entry of un-addressable ZONE_DEVICE memory. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170817000548.32038-17-jglisse@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Aneesh Kumar <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: David Nellans <dnellans@nvidia.com> Cc: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@nvidia.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> Cc: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@nvidia.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@linux.intel.com> Cc: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@nvidia.com> Cc: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@nvidia.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: Bob Liu <liubo95@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-09-08mm: thp: enable thp migration in generic pathZi Yan
Add thp migration's core code, including conversions between a PMD entry and a swap entry, setting PMD migration entry, removing PMD migration entry, and waiting on PMD migration entries. This patch makes it possible to support thp migration. If you fail to allocate a destination page as a thp, you just split the source thp as we do now, and then enter the normal page migration. If you succeed to allocate destination thp, you enter thp migration. Subsequent patches actually enable thp migration for each caller of page migration by allowing its get_new_page() callback to allocate thps. [zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu: fix gcc-4.9.0 -Wmissing-braces warning] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/A0ABA698-7486-46C3-B209-E95A9048B22C@cs.rutgers.edu [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix x86_64 allnoconfig warning] Signed-off-by: Zi Yan <zi.yan@cs.rutgers.edu> Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <khandual@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: David Nellans <dnellans@nvidia.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-07-06mm/hugetlb: add size parameter to huge_pte_offset()Punit Agrawal
A poisoned or migrated hugepage is stored as a swap entry in the page tables. On architectures that support hugepages consisting of contiguous page table entries (such as on arm64) this leads to ambiguity in determining the page table entry to return in huge_pte_offset() when a poisoned entry is encountered. Let's remove the ambiguity by adding a size parameter to convey additional information about the requested address. Also fixup the definition/usage of huge_pte_offset() throughout the tree. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170522133604.11392-4-punit.agrawal@arm.com Signed-off-by: Punit Agrawal <punit.agrawal@arm.com> Acked-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@arm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Cc: James Hogan <james.hogan@imgtec.com> (odd fixer:METAG ARCHITECTURE) Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> (supporter:MIPS) Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@mellanox.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com> Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-04-08mm: fix page_vma_mapped_walk() for ksm pagesHugh Dickins
Doug Smythies reports oops with KSM in this backtrace, I've been seeing the same: page_vma_mapped_walk+0xe6/0x5b0 page_referenced_one+0x91/0x1a0 rmap_walk_ksm+0x100/0x190 rmap_walk+0x4f/0x60 page_referenced+0x149/0x170 shrink_active_list+0x1c2/0x430 shrink_node_memcg+0x67a/0x7a0 shrink_node+0xe1/0x320 kswapd+0x34b/0x720 Just as observed in commit 4b0ece6fa016 ("mm: migrate: fix remove_migration_pte() for ksm pages"), you cannot use page->index calculations on ksm pages. page_vma_mapped_walk() is relying on __vma_address(), where a ksm page can lead it off the end of the page table, and into whatever nonsense is in the next page, ending as an oops inside check_pte()'s pte_page(). KSM tells page_vma_mapped_walk() exactly where to look for the page, it does not need any page->index calculation: and that's so also for all the normal and file and anon pages - just not for THPs and their subpages. Get out early in most cases: instead of a PageKsm test, move down the earlier not-THP-page test, as suggested by Kirill. I'm also slightly worried that this loop can stray into other vmas, so added a vm_end test to prevent surprises; though I have not imagined anything worse than a very contrived case, in which a page mlocked in the next vma might be reclaimed because it is not mlocked in this vma. Fixes: ace71a19cec5 ("mm: introduce page_vma_mapped_walk()") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LSU.2.11.1704031104400.1118@eggly.anvils Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reported-by: Doug Smythies <dsmythies@telus.net> Tested-by: Doug Smythies <dsmythies@telus.net> Reviewed-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-03-09mm: convert generic code to 5-level pagingKirill A. Shutemov
Convert all non-architecture-specific code to 5-level paging. It's mostly mechanical adding handling one more page table level in places where we deal with pud_t. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-02-24mm: convert page_mapped_in_vma() to use page_vma_mapped_walk()Kirill A. Shutemov
For consistency, it worth converting all page_check_address() to page_vma_mapped_walk(), so we could drop the former. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170129173858.45174-11-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-02-24mm: introduce page_vma_mapped_walk()Kirill A. Shutemov
Introduce a new interface to check if a page is mapped into a vma. It aims to address shortcomings of page_check_address{,_transhuge}. Existing interface is not able to handle PTE-mapped THPs: it only finds the first PTE. The rest lefted unnoticed. page_vma_mapped_walk() iterates over all possible mapping of the page in the vma. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170129173858.45174-3-kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>