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2019-03-05docs/core-api/mm: fix return value descriptions in mm/Mike Rapoport
Many kernel-doc comments in mm/ have the return value descriptions either misformatted or omitted at all which makes kernel-doc script unhappy: $ make V=1 htmldocs ... ./mm/util.c:36: info: Scanning doc for kstrdup ./mm/util.c:41: warning: No description found for return value of 'kstrdup' ./mm/util.c:57: info: Scanning doc for kstrdup_const ./mm/util.c:66: warning: No description found for return value of 'kstrdup_const' ./mm/util.c:75: info: Scanning doc for kstrndup ./mm/util.c:83: warning: No description found for return value of 'kstrndup' ... Fixing the formatting and adding the missing return value descriptions eliminates ~100 such warnings. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1549549644-4903-4-git-send-email-rppt@linux.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-06-15mm: use octal not symbolic permissionsJoe Perches
mm/*.c files use symbolic and octal styles for permissions. Using octal and not symbolic permissions is preferred by many as more readable. https://lkml.org/lkml/2016/8/2/1945 Prefer the direct use of octal for permissions. Done using $ scripts/checkpatch.pl -f --types=SYMBOLIC_PERMS --fix-inplace mm/*.c and some typing. Before: $ git grep -P -w "0[0-7]{3,3}" mm | wc -l 44 After: $ git grep -P -w "0[0-7]{3,3}" mm | wc -l 86 Miscellanea: o Whitespace neatening around these conversions. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/2e032ef111eebcd4c5952bae86763b541d373469.1522102887.git.joe@perches.com Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-02-27lib/vsprintf.c: remove %Z supportAlexey Dobriyan
Now that %z is standartised in C99 there is no reason to support %Z. Unlike %L it doesn't even make format strings smaller. Use BUILD_BUG_ON in a couple ATM drivers. In case anyone didn't notice lib/vsprintf.o is about half of SLUB which is in my opinion is quite an achievement. Hopefully this patch inspires someone else to trim vsprintf.c more. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170103230126.GA30170@avx2 Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com> Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-02-24mm: cleanups for printing phys_addr_t and dma_addr_tMiles Chen
cleanup rest of dma_addr_t and phys_addr_t type casting in mm use %pad for dma_addr_t use %pa for phys_addr_t Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1486618489-13912-1-git-send-email-miles.chen@mediatek.com Signed-off-by: Miles Chen <miles.chen@mediatek.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-03-17mm: convert printk(KERN_<LEVEL> to pr_<level>Joe Perches
Most of the mm subsystem uses pr_<level> so make it consistent. Miscellanea: - Realign arguments - Add missing newline to format - kmemleak-test.c has a "kmemleak: " prefix added to the "Kmemleak testing" logging message via pr_fmt Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> [percpu] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-03-17mm: coalesce split stringsJoe Perches
Kernel style prefers a single string over split strings when the string is 'user-visible'. Miscellanea: - Add a missing newline - Realign arguments Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> [percpu] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-11-06mm, page_alloc: distinguish between being unable to sleep, unwilling to ↵Mel Gorman
sleep and avoiding waking kswapd __GFP_WAIT has been used to identify atomic context in callers that hold spinlocks or are in interrupts. They are expected to be high priority and have access one of two watermarks lower than "min" which can be referred to as the "atomic reserve". __GFP_HIGH users get access to the first lower watermark and can be called the "high priority reserve". Over time, callers had a requirement to not block when fallback options were available. Some have abused __GFP_WAIT leading to a situation where an optimisitic allocation with a fallback option can access atomic reserves. This patch uses __GFP_ATOMIC to identify callers that are truely atomic, cannot sleep and have no alternative. High priority users continue to use __GFP_HIGH. __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM identifies callers that can sleep and are willing to enter direct reclaim. __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM to identify callers that want to wake kswapd for background reclaim. __GFP_WAIT is redefined as a caller that is willing to enter direct reclaim and wake kswapd for background reclaim. This patch then converts a number of sites o __GFP_ATOMIC is used by callers that are high priority and have memory pools for those requests. GFP_ATOMIC uses this flag. o Callers that have a limited mempool to guarantee forward progress clear __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM but keep __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM. bio allocations fall into this category where kswapd will still be woken but atomic reserves are not used as there is a one-entry mempool to guarantee progress. o Callers that are checking if they are non-blocking should use the helper gfpflags_allow_blocking() where possible. This is because checking for __GFP_WAIT as was done historically now can trigger false positives. Some exceptions like dm-crypt.c exist where the code intent is clearer if __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM is used instead of the helper due to flag manipulations. o Callers that built their own GFP flags instead of starting with GFP_KERNEL and friends now also need to specify __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM. The first key hazard to watch out for is callers that removed __GFP_WAIT and was depending on access to atomic reserves for inconspicuous reasons. In some cases it may be appropriate for them to use __GFP_HIGH. The second key hazard is callers that assembled their own combination of GFP flags instead of starting with something like GFP_KERNEL. They may now wish to specify __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM. It's almost certainly harmless if it's missed in most cases as other activity will wake kswapd. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net> Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vitaly Wool <vitalywool@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-10-01dmapool: fix overflow condition in pool_find_page()Robin Murphy
If a DMA pool lies at the very top of the dma_addr_t range (as may happen with an IOMMU involved), the calculated end address of the pool wraps around to zero, and page lookup always fails. Tweak the relevant calculation to be overflow-proof. Signed-off-by: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Cc: Sumit Semwal <sumit.semwal@linaro.org> Cc: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@iki.fi> Cc: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-08mm: add support for __GFP_ZERO flag to dma_pool_alloc()Sean O. Stalley
Currently a call to dma_pool_alloc() with a ___GFP_ZERO flag returns a non-zeroed memory region. This patchset adds support for the __GFP_ZERO flag to dma_pool_alloc(), adds 2 wrapper functions for allocing zeroed memory from a pool, and provides a coccinelle script for finding & replacing instances of dma_pool_alloc() followed by memset(0) with a single dma_pool_zalloc() call. There was some concern that this always calls memset() to zero, instead of passing __GFP_ZERO into the page allocator. [https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/7/15/881] I ran a test on my system to get an idea of how often dma_pool_alloc() calls into pool_alloc_page(). After Boot: [ 30.119863] alloc_calls:541, page_allocs:7 After an hour: [ 3600.951031] alloc_calls:9566, page_allocs:12 After copying 1GB file onto a USB drive: [ 4260.657148] alloc_calls:17225, page_allocs:12 It doesn't look like dma_pool_alloc() calls down to the page allocator very often (at least on my system). This patch (of 4): Currently the __GFP_ZERO flag is ignored by dma_pool_alloc(). Make dma_pool_alloc() zero the memory if this flag is set. Signed-off-by: Sean O. Stalley <sean.stalley@intel.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Vinod Koul <vinod.koul@intel.com> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com> Cc: Gilles Muller <Gilles.Muller@lip6.fr> Cc: Nicolas Palix <nicolas.palix@imag.fr> Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-08mm/dmapool: allow NULL `pool' pointer in dma_pool_destroy()Sergey Senozhatsky
dma_pool_destroy() does not tolerate a NULL dma_pool pointer argument and performs a NULL-pointer dereference. This requires additional attention and effort from developers/reviewers and forces all dma_pool_destroy() callers to do a NULL check if (pool) dma_pool_destroy(pool); Or, otherwise, be invalid dma_pool_destroy() users. Tweak dma_pool_destroy() and NULL-check the pointer there. Proposed by Andrew Morton. Link: https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/6/8/583 Signed-off-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@lip6.fr> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-04mm/dmapool.c: change is_page_busy() return from int to boolNicholas Krause
This makes the function is_page_busy() return bool rather then an int now due to this particular function's single return statement only ever evaulating to either one or zero. Signed-off-by: Nicholas Krause <xerofoify@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm/dmapool.c: fixed a brace coding style issuePaul McQuade
Remove 3 brace coding style for any arm of this statement Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-09mm: dmapool: add/remove sysfs file outside of the pool lock lockSebastian Andrzej Siewior
cat /sys/.../pools followed by removal the device leads to: |====================================================== |[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ] |3.17.0-rc4+ #1498 Not tainted |------------------------------------------------------- |rmmod/2505 is trying to acquire lock: | (s_active#28){++++.+}, at: [<c017f754>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x3c/0x88 | |but task is already holding lock: | (pools_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c011494c>] dma_pool_destroy+0x18/0x17c | |which lock already depends on the new lock. |the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is: | |-> #1 (pools_lock){+.+.+.}: | [<c0114ae8>] show_pools+0x30/0xf8 | [<c0313210>] dev_attr_show+0x1c/0x48 | [<c0180e84>] sysfs_kf_seq_show+0x88/0x10c | [<c017f960>] kernfs_seq_show+0x24/0x28 | [<c013efc4>] seq_read+0x1b8/0x480 | [<c011e820>] vfs_read+0x8c/0x148 | [<c011ea10>] SyS_read+0x40/0x8c | [<c000e960>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48 | |-> #0 (s_active#28){++++.+}: | [<c017e9ac>] __kernfs_remove+0x258/0x2ec | [<c017f754>] kernfs_remove_by_name_ns+0x3c/0x88 | [<c0114a7c>] dma_pool_destroy+0x148/0x17c | [<c03ad288>] hcd_buffer_destroy+0x20/0x34 | [<c03a4780>] usb_remove_hcd+0x110/0x1a4 The problem is the lock order of pools_lock and kernfs_mutex in dma_pool_destroy() vs show_pools() call path. This patch breaks out the creation of the sysfs file outside of the pools_lock mutex. The newly added pools_reg_lock ensures that there is no race of create vs destroy code path in terms whether or not the sysfs file has to be deleted (and was it deleted before we try to create a new one) and what to do if device_create_file() failed. Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-09-18Fix unbalanced mutex in dma_pool_create().Krzysztof Hałasa
dma_pool_create() needs to unlock the mutex in error case. The bug was introduced in the 3.16 by commit cc6b664aa26d ("mm/dmapool.c: remove redundant NULL check for dev in dma_pool_create()")/ Signed-off-by: Krzysztof Hałasa <khc@piap.pl> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v3.16 Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-04mm/dmapool.c: reuse devres_release() to free resourcesAndy Shevchenko
Instead of calling an additional routine in dmam_pool_destroy() rely on what dmam_pool_release() is doing. Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-04mm/dmapool.c: remove redundant NULL check for dev in dma_pool_create()Daeseok Youn
"dev" cannot be NULL because it is already checked before calling dma_pool_create(). If dev ever was NULL, the code would oops in dev_to_node() after enabling CONFIG_NUMA. It is possible that some driver is using dev==NULL and has never been run on a NUMA machine. Such a driver is probably outdated, possibly buggy and will need some attention if it starts triggering NULL derefs. Signed-off-by: Daeseok Youn <daeseok.youn@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-05-05mm: Fix printk typo in dmapool.cHiroshige Sato
Fix printk typo in dmapool.c Signed-off-by: Hiroshige Sato <sato.vintage@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-12-11dmapool: make DMAPOOL_DEBUG detect corruption of free markerMatthieu CASTET
This can help to catch the case where hardware is writing after dma free. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tidy code, fix comment, use sizeof(page->offset), use pr_err()] Signed-off-by: Matthieu Castet <matthieu.castet@parrot.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-11mm: dmapool: use provided gfp flags for all dma_alloc_coherent() callsMarek Szyprowski
dmapool always calls dma_alloc_coherent() with GFP_ATOMIC flag, regardless the flags provided by the caller. This causes excessive pruning of emergency memory pools without any good reason. Additionaly, on ARM architecture any driver which is using dmapools will sooner or later trigger the following error: "ERROR: 256 KiB atomic DMA coherent pool is too small! Please increase it with coherent_pool= kernel parameter!". Increasing the coherent pool size usually doesn't help much and only delays such error, because all GFP_ATOMIC DMA allocations are always served from the special, very limited memory pool. This patch changes the dmapool code to correctly use gfp flags provided by the dmapool caller. Reported-by: Soeren Moch <smoch@web.de> Reported-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@free-electrons.com> Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com> Tested-by: Andrew Lunn <andrew@lunn.ch> Tested-by: Soeren Moch <smoch@web.de> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
2011-10-31mm: fix implicit stat.h usage in dmapool.cPaul Gortmaker
The removal of the implicitly everywhere module.h and its child includes will reveal this implicit stat.h usage: mm/dmapool.c:108: error: ‘S_IRUGO’ undeclared here (not in a function) Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-10-31mm: Map most files to use export.h instead of module.hPaul Gortmaker
The files changed within are only using the EXPORT_SYMBOL macro variants. They are not using core modular infrastructure and hence don't need module.h but only the export.h header. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-07-25devres: fix possible use after freeMaxin B John
devres uses the pointer value as key after it's freed, which is safe but triggers spurious use-after-free warnings on some static analysis tools. Rearrange code to avoid such warnings. Signed-off-by: Maxin B. John <maxin.john@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Rolf Eike Beer <eike-kernel@sf-tec.de> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-13mm/dmapool.c: use TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE in dma_pool_alloc()Andrew Morton
As it stands this code will degenerate into a busy-wait if the calling task has signal_pending(). Cc: Rolf Eike Beer <eike-kernel@sf-tec.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-13mm/dmapool.c: take lock only once in dma_pool_free()Rolf Eike Beer
dma_pool_free() scans for the page to free in the pool list holding the pool lock. Then it releases the lock basically to acquire it immediately again. Modify the code to only take the lock once. This will do some additional loops and computations with the lock held in if memory debugging is activated. If it is not activated the only new operations with this lock is one if and one substraction. Signed-off-by: Rolf Eike Beer <eike-kernel@sf-tec.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm: add a might_sleep_if() to dma_pool_alloc()Dima Zavin
Buggy drivers (e.g. fsl_udc) could call dma_pool_alloc from atomic context with GFP_KERNEL. In most instances, the first pool_alloc_page call would succeed and the sleeping functions would never be called. This allowed the buggy drivers to slip through the cracks. Add a might_sleep_if() checking for __GFP_WAIT in flags. Signed-off-by: Dima Zavin <dima@android.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-30dmapools: protect page_list walk in show_pools()Thomas Gleixner
show_pools() walks the page_list of a pool w/o protection against the list modifications in alloc/free. Take pool->lock to avoid stomping into nirvana. Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28dmapool: enable debugging for CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG_ON tooAndi Kleen
Previously it was only enabled for CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB. Not hooked into the slub runtime debug configuration, so you currently only get it with CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG_ON, not plain CONFIG_SLUB_DEBUG Acked-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-12-04pool: Improve memory usage for devices which can't cross boundariesMatthew Wilcox
The previous implementation simply refused to allocate more than a boundary's worth of data from an entire page. Some users didn't know this, so specified things like SMP_CACHE_BYTES, not realising the horrible waste of memory that this was. It's fairly easy to correct this problem, just by ensuring we don't cross a boundary within a page. This even helps drivers like EHCI (which can't cross a 4k boundary) on machines with larger page sizes. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2007-12-04Change dmapool free block managementMatthew Wilcox
Use a list of free blocks within a page instead of using a bitmap. Update documentation to reflect this. As well as being a slight reduction in memory allocation, locked ops and lines of code, it speeds up a transaction processing benchmark by 0.4%. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
2007-12-04dmapool: Tidy up includes and add commentsMatthew Wilcox
We were missing a copyright statement and license, so add GPLv2, David Brownell's copyright and my copyright. The asm/io.h include was superfluous, but we were missing a few other necessary includes. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
2007-12-04dmapool: Validate parameters to dma_pool_createMatthew Wilcox
Check that 'align' is a power of two, like the API specifies. Align 'size' to 'align' correctly -- the current code has an off-by-one. The ALIGN macro in kernel.h doesn't. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2007-12-04Avoid taking waitqueue lock in dmapoolMatthew Wilcox
With one trivial change (taking the lock slightly earlier on wakeup from schedule), all uses of the waitq are under the pool lock, so we can use the locked (or __) versions of the wait queue functions, and avoid the extra spinlock. Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2007-12-04dmapool: Fix style problemsMatthew Wilcox
Run Lindent and fix all issues reported by checkpatch.pl Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
2007-12-04Move dmapool.c to mm/ directoryMatthew Wilcox
Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>