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2018-08-17fs/seq_file.c: simplify seq_file iteration code and interfaceNeilBrown
The documentation for seq_file suggests that it is necessary to be able to move the iterator to a given offset, however that is not the case. If the iterator is stored in the private data and is stable from one read() syscall to the next, it is only necessary to support first/next interactions. Implementing this in a client is a little clumsy. - if ->start() is given a pos of zero, it should go to start of sequence. - if ->start() is given the name pos that was given to the most recent next() or start(), it should restore the iterator to state just before that last call - if ->start is given another number, it should set the iterator one beyond the start just before the last ->start or ->next call. Also, the documentation says that the implementation can interpret the pos however it likes (other than zero meaning start), but seq_file increments the pos sometimes which does impose on the implementation. This patch simplifies the interface for first/next iteration and simplifies the code, while maintaining complete backward compatability. Now: - if ->start() is given a pos of zero, it should return an iterator placed at the start of the sequence - if ->start() is given a non-zero pos, it should return the iterator in the same state it was after the last ->start or ->next. This is particularly useful for interators which walk the multiple chains in a hash table, e.g. using rhashtable_walk*. See fs/gfs2/glock.c and drivers/staging/lustre/lustre/llite/vvp_dev.c A large part of achieving this is to *always* call ->next after ->show has successfully stored all of an entry in the buffer. Never just increment the index instead. Also: - always pass &m->index to ->start() and ->next(), never a temp variable - don't clear ->from when ->count is zero, as ->from is dead when ->count is zero. Some ->next functions do not increment *pos when they return NULL. To maintain compatability with this, we still need to increment m->index in one place, if ->next didn't increment it. Note that such ->next functions are buggy and should be fixed. A simple demonstration is dd if=/proc/swaps bs=1000 skip=1 Choose any block size larger than the size of /proc/swaps. This will always show the whole last line of /proc/swaps. This patch doesn't work around buggy next() functions for this case. [neilb@suse.com: ensure ->from is valid] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/87601ryb8a.fsf@notabene.neil.brown.name Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.com> Acked-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> [docs] Tested-by: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-05-25proc: fix smaps and meminfo alignmentHugh Dickins
The 4.17-rc /proc/meminfo and /proc/<pid>/smaps look ugly: single-digit numbers (commonly 0) are misaligned. Remove seq_put_decimal_ull_width()'s leftover optimization for single digits: it's wrong now that num_to_str() takes care of the width. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LSU.2.11.1805241554210.1326@eggly.anvils Fixes: d1be35cb6f96 ("proc: add seq_put_decimal_ull_width to speed up /proc/pid/smaps") Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-11seq_file: account everything to kmemcgAlexey Dobriyan
All it takes to open a file and read 1 byte from it. seq_file will be allocated along with any private allocations, and more importantly seq file buffer which is 1 page by default. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180310085252.GB17121@avx2 Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@gmail.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-11seq_file: allocate seq_file from kmem_cacheAlexey Dobriyan
For fine-grained debugging and usercopy protection. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180310085027.GA17121@avx2 Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@gmail.com> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-11proc: optimize single-symbol delimiters to spead up seq_put_decimal_ullAndrei Vagin
A delimiter is a string which is printed before a number. A syngle-symbol delimiters can be printed by set_putc() and this works faster than printing by set_puts(). == test_proc.c int main(int argc, char **argv) { int n, i, fd; char buf[16384]; n = atoi(argv[1]); for (i = 0; i < n; i++) { fd = open(argv[2], O_RDONLY); if (fd < 0) return 1; if (read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) <= 0) return 1; close(fd); } return 0; } == $ time ./test_proc 1000000 /proc/1/stat == Before patch == real 0m3.820s user 0m0.337s sys 0m3.394s == After patch == real 0m3.110s user 0m0.324s sys 0m2.700s Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180212074931.7227-3-avagin@openvz.org Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-11proc: add seq_put_decimal_ull_width to speed up /proc/pid/smapsAndrei Vagin
seq_put_decimal_ull_w(m, str, val, width) prints a decimal number with a specified minimal field width. It is equivalent of seq_printf(m, "%s%*d", str, width, val), but it works much faster. == test_smaps.py num = 0 with open("/proc/1/smaps") as f: for x in xrange(10000): data = f.read() f.seek(0, 0) == == Before patch == $ time python test_smaps.py real 0m4.593s user 0m0.398s sys 0m4.158s == After patch == $ time python test_smaps.py real 0m3.828s user 0m0.413s sys 0m3.408s $ perf -g record python test_smaps.py == Before patch == - 79.01% 3.36% python [kernel.kallsyms] [k] show_smap.isra.33 - 75.65% show_smap.isra.33 + 48.85% seq_printf + 15.75% __walk_page_range + 9.70% show_map_vma.isra.23 0.61% seq_puts == After patch == - 75.51% 4.62% python [kernel.kallsyms] [k] show_smap.isra.33 - 70.88% show_smap.isra.33 + 24.82% seq_put_decimal_ull_w + 19.78% __walk_page_range + 12.74% seq_printf + 11.08% show_map_vma.isra.23 + 1.68% seq_puts [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/of/unittest.c build] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180212074931.7227-1-avagin@openvz.org Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-11procfs: optimize seq_pad() to speed up /proc/pid/mapsAndrei Vagin
seq_printf() is slow and it can be replaced by memset() in this case. == test.py num = 0 with open("/proc/1/maps") as f: while num < 10000 : data = f.read() f.seek(0, 0) num = num + 1 == == Before patch == $ time python test.py real 0m0.986s user 0m0.279s sys 0m0.707s == After patch == $ time python test.py real 0m0.932s user 0m0.261s sys 0m0.669s $ perf record -g python test.py == Before patch == - 47.35% 3.38% python [kernel.kallsyms] [k] show_map_vma.isra.23 - 43.97% show_map_vma.isra.23 + 20.84% seq_path - 15.73% show_vma_header_prefix + 6.96% seq_pad + 2.94% __GI___libc_read == After patch == - 44.01% 0.34% python [kernel.kallsyms] [k] show_pid_map - 43.67% show_pid_map - 42.91% show_map_vma.isra.23 + 21.55% seq_path - 15.68% show_vma_header_prefix + 2.08% seq_pad 0.55% seq_putc Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180112185812.7710-2-avagin@openvz.org Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-04-11procfs: add seq_put_hex_ll to speed up /proc/pid/mapsAndrei Vagin
seq_put_hex_ll() prints a number in hexadecimal notation and works faster than seq_printf(). == test.py num = 0 with open("/proc/1/maps") as f: while num < 10000 : data = f.read() f.seek(0, 0) num = num + 1 == == Before patch == $ time python test.py real 0m1.561s user 0m0.257s sys 0m1.302s == After patch == $ time python test.py real 0m0.986s user 0m0.279s sys 0m0.707s $ perf -g record python test.py: == Before patch == - 67.42% 2.82% python [kernel.kallsyms] [k] show_map_vma.isra.22 - 64.60% show_map_vma.isra.22 - 44.98% seq_printf - seq_vprintf - vsnprintf + 14.85% number + 12.22% format_decode 5.56% memcpy_erms + 15.06% seq_path + 4.42% seq_pad + 2.45% __GI___libc_read == After patch == - 47.35% 3.38% python [kernel.kallsyms] [k] show_map_vma.isra.23 - 43.97% show_map_vma.isra.23 + 20.84% seq_path - 15.73% show_vma_header_prefix 10.55% seq_put_hex_ll + 2.65% seq_put_decimal_ull 0.95% seq_putc + 6.96% seq_pad + 2.94% __GI___libc_read [avagin@openvz.org: use unsigned int instead of int where it is suitable] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180214025619.4005-1-avagin@openvz.org [avagin@openvz.org: v2] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180117082050.25406-1-avagin@openvz.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180112185812.7710-1-avagin@openvz.org Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@openvz.org> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2018-01-20seq_file: fix incomplete reset on read from zero offsetMiklos Szeredi
When resetting iterator on a zero offset we need to discard any data already in the buffer (count), and private state of the iterator (version). For example this bug results in first line being repeated in /proc/mounts if doing a zero size read before a non-zero size read. Reported-by: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com> Fixes: e522751d605d ("seq_file: reset iterator to first record for zero offset") Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v4.10 Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-05-08mm: introduce kv[mz]alloc helpersMichal Hocko
Patch series "kvmalloc", v5. There are many open coded kmalloc with vmalloc fallback instances in the tree. Most of them are not careful enough or simply do not care about the underlying semantic of the kmalloc/page allocator which means that a) some vmalloc fallbacks are basically unreachable because the kmalloc part will keep retrying until it succeeds b) the page allocator can invoke a really disruptive steps like the OOM killer to move forward which doesn't sound appropriate when we consider that the vmalloc fallback is available. As it can be seen implementing kvmalloc requires quite an intimate knowledge if the page allocator and the memory reclaim internals which strongly suggests that a helper should be implemented in the memory subsystem proper. Most callers, I could find, have been converted to use the helper instead. This is patch 6. There are some more relying on __GFP_REPEAT in the networking stack which I have converted as well and Eric Dumazet was not opposed [2] to convert them as well. [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170130094940.13546-1-mhocko@kernel.org [2] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1485273626.16328.301.camel@edumazet-glaptop3.roam.corp.google.com This patch (of 9): Using kmalloc with the vmalloc fallback for larger allocations is a common pattern in the kernel code. Yet we do not have any common helper for that and so users have invented their own helpers. Some of them are really creative when doing so. Let's just add kv[mz]alloc and make sure it is implemented properly. This implementation makes sure to not make a large memory pressure for > PAGE_SZE requests (__GFP_NORETRY) and also to not warn about allocation failures. This also rules out the OOM killer as the vmalloc is a more approapriate fallback than a disruptive user visible action. This patch also changes some existing users and removes helpers which are specific for them. In some cases this is not possible (e.g. ext4_kvmalloc, libcfs_kvzalloc) because those seems to be broken and require GFP_NO{FS,IO} context which is not vmalloc compatible in general (note that the page table allocation is GFP_KERNEL). Those need to be fixed separately. While we are at it, document that __vmalloc{_node} about unsupported gfp mask because there seems to be a lot of confusion out there. kvmalloc_node will warn about GFP_KERNEL incompatible (which are not superset) flags to catch new abusers. Existing ones would have to die slowly. [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: f2fs fixup] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170320163735.332e64b7@canb.auug.org.au Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170306103032.2540-2-mhocko@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Reviewed-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@dilger.ca> [ext4 part] Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-12-24Replace <asm/uaccess.h> with <linux/uaccess.h> globallyLinus Torvalds
This was entirely automated, using the script by Al: PATT='^[[:blank:]]*#[[:blank:]]*include[[:blank:]]*<asm/uaccess.h>' sed -i -e "s!$PATT!#include <linux/uaccess.h>!" \ $(git grep -l "$PATT"|grep -v ^include/linux/uaccess.h) to do the replacement at the end of the merge window. Requested-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-12-22seq_file: reset iterator to first record for zero offsetTomasz Majchrzak
If kernfs file is empty on a first read, successive read operations using the same file descriptor will return no data, even when data is available. Default kernfs 'seq_next' implementation advances iterator position even when next object is not there. Kernfs 'seq_start' for following requests will not return iterator as position is already on the second object. This defect doesn't allow to monitor badblocks sysfs files from MD raid. They are initially empty but if data appears at some stage, userspace is not able to read it. Signed-off-by: Tomasz Majchrzak <tomasz.majchrzak@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2016-10-07seq/proc: modify seq_put_decimal_[u]ll to take a const char *, not charJoe Perches
Allow some seq_puts removals by taking a string instead of a single char. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: update vmstat_show(), per Joe] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/667e1cf3d436de91a5698170a1e98d882905e956.1470704995.git.joe@perches.com Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-08-26fs/seq_file: fix out-of-bounds readVegard Nossum
seq_read() is a nasty piece of work, not to mention buggy. It has (I think) an old bug which allows unprivileged userspace to read beyond the end of m->buf. I was getting these: BUG: KASAN: slab-out-of-bounds in seq_read+0xcd2/0x1480 at addr ffff880116889880 Read of size 2713 by task trinity-c2/1329 CPU: 2 PID: 1329 Comm: trinity-c2 Not tainted 4.8.0-rc1+ #96 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.9.3-0-ge2fc41e-prebuilt.qemu-project.org 04/01/2014 Call Trace: kasan_object_err+0x1c/0x80 kasan_report_error+0x2cb/0x7e0 kasan_report+0x4e/0x80 check_memory_region+0x13e/0x1a0 kasan_check_read+0x11/0x20 seq_read+0xcd2/0x1480 proc_reg_read+0x10b/0x260 do_loop_readv_writev.part.5+0x140/0x2c0 do_readv_writev+0x589/0x860 vfs_readv+0x7b/0xd0 do_readv+0xd8/0x2c0 SyS_readv+0xb/0x10 do_syscall_64+0x1b3/0x4b0 entry_SYSCALL64_slow_path+0x25/0x25 Object at ffff880116889100, in cache kmalloc-4096 size: 4096 Allocated: PID = 1329 save_stack_trace+0x26/0x80 save_stack+0x46/0xd0 kasan_kmalloc+0xad/0xe0 __kmalloc+0x1aa/0x4a0 seq_buf_alloc+0x35/0x40 seq_read+0x7d8/0x1480 proc_reg_read+0x10b/0x260 do_loop_readv_writev.part.5+0x140/0x2c0 do_readv_writev+0x589/0x860 vfs_readv+0x7b/0xd0 do_readv+0xd8/0x2c0 SyS_readv+0xb/0x10 do_syscall_64+0x1b3/0x4b0 return_from_SYSCALL_64+0x0/0x6a Freed: PID = 0 (stack is not available) Memory state around the buggy address: ffff88011688a000: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 ffff88011688a080: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 >ffff88011688a100: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc ^ ffff88011688a180: fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc fc ffff88011688a200: fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb fb ================================================================== Disabling lock debugging due to kernel taint This seems to be the same thing that Dave Jones was seeing here: https://lkml.org/lkml/2016/8/12/334 There are multiple issues here: 1) If we enter the function with a non-empty buffer, there is an attempt to flush it. But it was not clearing m->from after doing so, which means that if we try to do this flush twice in a row without any call to traverse() in between, we are going to be reading from the wrong place -- the splat above, fixed by this patch. 2) If there's a short write to userspace because of page faults, the buffer may already contain multiple lines (i.e. pos has advanced by more than 1), but we don't save the progress that was made so the next call will output what we've already returned previously. Since that is a much less serious issue (and I have a headache after staring at seq_read() for the past 8 hours), I'll leave that for now. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1471447270-32093-1-git-send-email-vegard.nossum@oracle.com Signed-off-by: Vegard Nossum <vegard.nossum@oracle.com> Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@codemonkey.org.uk> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2016-04-14Make file credentials available to the seqfile interfacesLinus Torvalds
A lot of seqfile users seem to be using things like %pK that uses the credentials of the current process, but that is actually completely wrong for filesystem interfaces. The unix semantics for permission checking files is to check permissions at _open_ time, not at read or write time, and that is not just a small detail: passing off stdin/stdout/stderr to a suid application and making the actual IO happen in privileged context is a classic exploit technique. So if we want to be able to look at permissions at read time, we need to use the file open credentials, not the current ones. Normal file accesses can just use "f_cred" (or any of the helper functions that do that, like file_ns_capable()), but the seqfile interfaces do not have any such options. It turns out that seq_file _does_ save away the user_ns information of the file, though. Since user_ns is just part of the full credential information, replace that special case with saving off the cred pointer instead, and suddenly seq_file has all the permission information it needs. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-11-06fs, seqfile: always allow oom killerGreg Thelen
Since 5cec38ac866b ("fs, seq_file: fallback to vmalloc instead of oom kill processes") seq_buf_alloc() avoids calling the oom killer for PAGE_SIZE or smaller allocations; but larger allocations can use the oom killer via vmalloc(). Thus reads of small files can return ENOMEM, but larger files use the oom killer to avoid ENOMEM. The effect of this bug is that reads from /proc and other virtual filesystems can return ENOMEM instead of the preferred behavior - oom killing something (possibly the calling process). I don't know of anyone except Google who has noticed the issue. I suspect the fix is more needed in smaller systems where there isn't any reclaimable memory. But these seem like the kinds of systems which probably don't use the oom killer for production situations. Memory overcommit requires use of the oom killer to select a victim regardless of file size. Enable oom killer for small seq_buf_alloc() allocations. Fixes: 5cec38ac866b ("fs, seq_file: fallback to vmalloc instead of oom kill processes") Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-11-06seq_file: reuse string_escape_str()Andy Shevchenko
strint_escape_str() escapes input string by given criteria. In case of seq_escape() the criteria is to convert some characters to their octal representation. Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-11-06fs/seq_file: use seq_* helpers in seq_hex_dump()Andy Shevchenko
This improves code readability. Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-11fs/seq_file: convert int seq_vprint/seq_printf/etc... returns to voidJoe Perches
The seq_<foo> function return values were frequently misused. See: commit 1f33c41c03da ("seq_file: Rename seq_overflow() to seq_has_overflowed() and make public") All uses of these return values have been removed, so convert the return types to void. Miscellanea: o Move seq_put_decimal_<type> and seq_escape prototypes closer the other seq_vprintf prototypes o Reorder seq_putc and seq_puts to return early on overflow o Add argument names to seq_vprintf and seq_printf o Update the seq_escape kernel-doc o Convert a couple of leading spaces to tabs in seq_escape Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-09-10seq_file: provide an analogue of print_hex_dump()Andy Shevchenko
This introduces a new helper and switches current users to use it. All patches are compiled tested. kmemleak is tested via its own test suite. This patch (of 6): The new seq_hex_dump() is a complete analogue of print_hex_dump(). We have few users of this functionality already. It allows to reduce their codebase. Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Tadeusz Struk <tadeusz.struk@intel.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Ingo Tuchscherer <ingo.tuchscherer@de.ibm.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Vladimir Kondratiev <qca_vkondrat@qca.qualcomm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-07-04Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull more vfs updates from Al Viro: "Assorted VFS fixes and related cleanups (IMO the most interesting in that part are f_path-related things and Eric's descriptor-related stuff). UFS regression fixes (it got broken last cycle). 9P fixes. fs-cache series, DAX patches, Jan's file_remove_suid() work" [ I'd say this is much more than "fixes and related cleanups". The file_table locking rule change by Eric Dumazet is a rather big and fundamental update even if the patch isn't huge. - Linus ] * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (49 commits) 9p: cope with bogus responses from server in p9_client_{read,write} p9_client_write(): avoid double p9_free_req() 9p: forgetting to cancel request on interrupted zero-copy RPC dax: bdev_direct_access() may sleep block: Add support for DAX reads/writes to block devices dax: Use copy_from_iter_nocache dax: Add block size note to documentation fs/file.c: __fget() and dup2() atomicity rules fs/file.c: don't acquire files->file_lock in fd_install() fs:super:get_anon_bdev: fix race condition could cause dev exceed its upper limitation vfs: avoid creation of inode number 0 in get_next_ino namei: make set_root_rcu() return void make simple_positive() public ufs: use dir_pages instead of ufs_dir_pages() pagemap.h: move dir_pages() over there remove the pointless include of lglock.h fs: cleanup slight list_entry abuse xfs: Correctly lock inode when removing suid and file capabilities fs: Call security_ops->inode_killpriv on truncate fs: Provide function telling whether file_remove_privs() will do anything ...
2015-07-01Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge third patchbomb from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM - scripts/gdb updates - ipc/ updates - lib/ updates - MAINTAINERS updates - various other misc things * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (67 commits) genalloc: rename of_get_named_gen_pool() to of_gen_pool_get() genalloc: rename dev_get_gen_pool() to gen_pool_get() x86: opt into HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS, for both 32-bit and 64-bit MAINTAINERS: add zpool MAINTAINERS: BCACHE: Kent Overstreet has changed email address MAINTAINERS: move Jens Osterkamp to CREDITS MAINTAINERS: remove unused nbd.h pattern MAINTAINERS: update brcm gpio filename pattern MAINTAINERS: update brcm dts pattern MAINTAINERS: update sound soc intel patterns MAINTAINERS: remove website for paride MAINTAINERS: update Emulex ocrdma email addresses bcache: use kvfree() in various places libcxgbi: use kvfree() in cxgbi_free_big_mem() target: use kvfree() in session alloc and free IB/ehca: use kvfree() in ipz_queue_{cd}tor() drm/nouveau/gem: use kvfree() in u_free() drm: use kvfree() in drm_free_large() cxgb4: use kvfree() in t4_free_mem() cxgb3: use kvfree() in cxgb_free_mem() ...
2015-06-30fs: document seq_open()'s usage of file->private_dataYann Droneaud
seq_open() stores its struct seq_file in file->private_data, thus it must not be modified by user of seq_file. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1433193673.git.ydroneaud@opteya.com Signed-off-by: Yann Droneaud <ydroneaud@opteya.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-30fs: allocate structure unconditionally in seq_open()Yann Droneaud
Since patch described below, from v2.6.15-rc1, seq_open() could use a struct seq_file already allocated by the caller if the pointer to the structure is stored in file->private_data before calling the function. Commit 1abe77b0fc4b485927f1f798ae81a752677e1d05 Author: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Date: Mon Nov 7 17:15:34 2005 -0500 [PATCH] allow callers of seq_open do allocation themselves Allow caller of seq_open() to kmalloc() seq_file + whatever else they want and set ->private_data to it. seq_open() will then abstain from doing allocation itself. As there's no more use for such feature, as it could be easily replaced by calls to seq_open_private() (see commit 39699037a5c9 ("[FS] seq_file: Introduce the seq_open_private()")) and seq_release_private() (see v2.6.0-test3), support for this uncommon feature can be removed from seq_open(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1433193673.git.ydroneaud@opteya.com Signed-off-by: Yann Droneaud <ydroneaud@opteya.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-23vfs: add seq_file_path() helperMiklos Szeredi
Turn seq_path(..., &file->f_path, ...); into seq_file_path(..., file, ...); Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-06-03Btrfs: show subvol= and subvolid= in /proc/mountsOmar Sandoval
Now that we're guaranteed to have a meaningful root dentry, we can just export seq_dentry() and use it in btrfs_show_options(). The subvolume ID is easy to get and can also be useful, so put that in there, too. Reviewed-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Omar Sandoval <osandov@osandov.com> Signed-off-by: Chris Mason <clm@fb.com>
2015-02-13bitmap, cpumask, nodemask: remove dedicated formatting functionsTejun Heo
Now that all bitmap formatting usages have been converted to '%*pb[l]', the separate formatting functions are unnecessary. The following functions are removed. * bitmap_scn[list]printf() * cpumask_scnprintf(), cpulist_scnprintf() * [__]nodemask_scnprintf(), [__]nodelist_scnprintf() * seq_bitmap[_list](), seq_cpumask[_list](), seq_nodemask[_list]() * seq_buf_bitmask() Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-13fs, seq_file: fallback to vmalloc instead of oom kill processesDavid Rientjes
Since commit 058504edd026 ("fs/seq_file: fallback to vmalloc allocation"), seq_buf_alloc() falls back to vmalloc() when the kmalloc() for contiguous memory fails. This was done to address order-4 slab allocations for reading /proc/stat on large machines and noticed because PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER < 4, so there is no infinite loop in the page allocator when allocating new slab for such high-order allocations. Contiguous memory isn't necessary for caller of seq_buf_alloc(), however. Other GFP_KERNEL high-order allocations that are <= PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER will simply loop forever in the page allocator and oom kill processes as a result. We don't want to kill processes so that we can allocate contiguous memory in situations when contiguous memory isn't necessary. This patch does the kmalloc() allocation with __GFP_NORETRY for high-order allocations. This still utilizes memory compaction and direct reclaim in the allocation path, the only difference is that it will fail immediately instead of oom kill processes when out of memory. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add comment] Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-29seq_file: Rename seq_overflow() to seq_has_overflowed() and make publicJoe Perches
The return values of seq_printf/puts/putc are frequently misused. Start down a path to remove all the return value uses of these functions. Move the seq_overflow() to a global inlined function called seq_has_overflowed() that can be used by the users of seq_file() calls. Update the documentation to not show return types for seq_printf et al. Add a description of seq_has_overflowed(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/p/848ac7e3d1c31cddf638a8526fa3c59fa6fdeb8a.1412031505.git.joe@perches.com Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> [ Reworked the original patch from Joe ] Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2014-07-03fs/seq_file: fallback to vmalloc allocationHeiko Carstens
There are a couple of seq_files which use the single_open() interface. This interface requires that the whole output must fit into a single buffer. E.g. for /proc/stat allocation failures have been observed because an order-4 memory allocation failed due to memory fragmentation. In such situations reading /proc/stat is not possible anymore. Therefore change the seq_file code to fallback to vmalloc allocations which will usually result in a couple of order-0 allocations and hence also work if memory is fragmented. For reference a call trace where reading from /proc/stat failed: sadc: page allocation failure: order:4, mode:0x1040d0 CPU: 1 PID: 192063 Comm: sadc Not tainted 3.10.0-123.el7.s390x #1 [...] Call Trace: show_stack+0x6c/0xe8 warn_alloc_failed+0xd6/0x138 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x9da/0xb68 __get_free_pages+0x2e/0x58 kmalloc_order_trace+0x44/0xc0 stat_open+0x5a/0xd8 proc_reg_open+0x8a/0x140 do_dentry_open+0x1bc/0x2c8 finish_open+0x46/0x60 do_last+0x382/0x10d0 path_openat+0xc8/0x4f8 do_filp_open+0x46/0xa8 do_sys_open+0x114/0x1f0 sysc_tracego+0x14/0x1a Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Tested-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> Cc: Hendrik Brueckner <brueckner@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Thorsten Diehl <thorsten.diehl@de.ibm.com> Cc: Andrea Righi <andrea@betterlinux.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Stefan Bader <stefan.bader@canonical.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-18seq_file: always clear m->count when we free m->bufAl Viro
Once we'd freed m->buf, m->count should become zero - we have no valid contents reachable via m->buf. Reported-by: Charley (Hao Chuan) Chu <charley.chu@broadcom.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-11-15seq_file: introduce seq_setwidth() and seq_pad()Tetsuo Handa
There are several users who want to know bytes written by seq_*() for alignment purpose. Currently they are using %n format for knowing it because seq_*() returns 0 on success. This patch introduces seq_setwidth() and seq_pad() for allowing them to align without using %n format. Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-10-25seq_file: always update file->f_pos in seq_lseek()Gu Zheng
This issue was first pointed out by Jiaxing Wang several months ago, but no further comments: https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/6/29/41 As we know pread() does not change f_pos, so after pread(), file->f_pos and m->read_pos become different. And seq_lseek() does not update file->f_pos if offset equals to m->read_pos, so after pread() and seq_lseek()(lseek to m->read_pos), then a subsequent read may read from a wrong position, the following program produces the problem: char str1[32] = { 0 }; char str2[32] = { 0 }; int poffset = 10; int count = 20; /*open any seq file*/ int fd = open("/proc/modules", O_RDONLY); pread(fd, str1, count, poffset); printf("pread:%s\n", str1); /*seek to where m->read_pos is*/ lseek(fd, poffset+count, SEEK_SET); /*supposed to read from poffset+count, but this read from position 0*/ read(fd, str2, count); printf("read:%s\n", str2); out put: pread: ck_netbios_ns 12665 read: nf_conntrack_netbios /proc/modules: nf_conntrack_netbios_ns 12665 0 - Live 0xffffffffa038b000 nf_conntrack_broadcast 12589 1 nf_conntrack_netbios_ns, Live 0xffffffffa0386000 So we always update file->f_pos to offset in seq_lseek() to fix this issue. Signed-off-by: Jiaxing Wang <hello.wjx@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Gu Zheng <guz.fnst@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-07-08seq_file: add seq_list_*_percpu helpersJeff Layton
When we convert the file_lock_list to a set of percpu lists, we'll need a way to iterate over them in order to output /proc/locks info. Add some seq_list_*_percpu helpers to handle that. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Acked-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@fieldses.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-04-09new helper: single_open_size()Al Viro
Same as single_open(), but preallocates the buffer of given size. Doesn't make any sense for sizes up to PAGE_SIZE and doesn't make sense if output of show() exceeds PAGE_SIZE only rarely - seq_read() will take care of growing the buffer and redoing show(). If you _know_ that it will be large, it might make more sense to look into saner iterator, rather than go with single-shot one. If that's impossible, single_open_size() might be for you. Again, don't use that without a good reason; occasionally that's really the best way to go, but very often there are better solutions. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-03-03Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull more VFS bits from Al Viro: "Unfortunately, it looks like xattr series will have to wait until the next cycle ;-/ This pile contains 9p cleanups and fixes (races in v9fs_fid_add() etc), fixup for nommu breakage in shmem.c, several cleanups and a bit more file_inode() work" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: constify path_get/path_put and fs_struct.c stuff fix nommu breakage in shmem.c cache the value of file_inode() in struct file 9p: if v9fs_fid_lookup() gets to asking server, it'd better have hashed dentry 9p: make sure ->lookup() adds fid to the right dentry 9p: untangle ->lookup() a bit 9p: double iput() in ->lookup() if d_materialise_unique() fails 9p: v9fs_fid_add() can't fail now v9fs: get rid of v9fs_dentry 9p: turn fid->dlist into hlist 9p: don't bother with private lock in ->d_fsdata; dentry->d_lock will do just fine more file_inode() open-coded instances selinux: opened file can't have NULL or negative ->f_path.dentry (In the meantime, the hlist traversal macros have changed, so this required a semantic conflict fixup for the newly hlistified fid->dlist)
2013-02-27fs/seq_file.c:seq_lseek(): fix switch statement indentingAndrew Morton
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27seq-file: use SEEK_ macros instead of hardcoded numbersCyrill Gorcunov
Signed-off-by: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-27more file_inode() open-coded instancesAl Viro
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-01-10seq_file: fix new kernel-doc warningsRandy Dunlap
Fix kernel-doc warnings in fs/seq_file.c: Warning(fs/seq_file.c:304): No description found for parameter 'whence' Warning(fs/seq_file.c:304): Excess function parameter 'origin' description in 'seq_lseek' Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-12-17lseek: the "whence" argument is called "whence"Andrew Morton
But the kernel decided to call it "origin" instead. Fix most of the sites. Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-08-14userns: Make seq_file's user namespace accessibleEric W. Biederman
struct file already has a user namespace associated with it in file->f_cred->user_ns, unfortunately because struct seq_file has no struct file backpointer associated with it, it is difficult to get at the user namespace in seq_file context. Therefore add a helper function seq_user_ns to return the associated user namespace and a user_ns field to struct seq_file to be used in implementing seq_user_ns. Cc: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-06-11seq_file: Add seq_vprintf function and export itSteven Whitehouse
The existing seq_printf function is rewritten in terms of the new seq_vprintf which is also exported to modules. This allows GFS2 (and potentially other seq_file users) to have a vprintf based interface and to avoid an extra copy into a temporary buffer in some cases. Signed-off-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Reported-by: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@ZenIV.linux.org.uk>
2012-03-24Merge tag 'module-for-3.4' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux Pull cleanup of fs/ and lib/ users of module.h from Paul Gortmaker: "Fix up files in fs/ and lib/ dirs to only use module.h if they really need it. These are trivial in scope vs the work done previously. We now have things where any few remaining cleanups can be farmed out to arch or subsystem maintainers, and I have done so when possible. What is remaining here represents the bits that don't clearly lie within a single arch/subsystem boundary, like the fs dir and the lib dir. Some duplicate includes arising from overlapping fixes from independent subsystem maintainer submissions are also quashed." Fix up trivial conflicts due to clashes with other include file cleanups (including some due to the previous bug.h cleanup pull). * tag 'module-for-3.4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux: lib: reduce the use of module.h wherever possible fs: reduce the use of module.h wherever possible includecheck: delete any duplicate instances of module.h
2012-03-23seq_file: add seq_set_overflow(), seq_overflow()KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
It is undocumented but a seq_file's overflow state is indicated by m->count == m->size. Add seq_set_overflow() and seq_overflow() to set/check overflow status explicitly. Based on an idea from Eric Dumazet. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak code comment] Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-23procfs: speed up /proc/pid/stat, statmKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
Process accounting applications as top, ps visit some files under /proc/<pid>. With seq_put_decimal_ull(), we can optimize /proc/<pid>/stat and /proc/<pid>/statm files. This patch adds - seq_put_decimal_ll() for signed values. - allow delimiter == 0. - convert seq_printf() to seq_put_decimal_ull/ll in /proc/stat, statm. Test result on a system with 2000+ procs. Before patch: [kamezawa@bluextal test]$ top -b -n 1 | wc -l 2223 [kamezawa@bluextal test]$ time top -b -n 1 > /dev/null real 0m0.675s user 0m0.044s sys 0m0.121s [kamezawa@bluextal test]$ time ps -elf > /dev/null real 0m0.236s user 0m0.056s sys 0m0.176s After patch: kamezawa@bluextal ~]$ time top -b -n 1 > /dev/null real 0m0.657s user 0m0.052s sys 0m0.100s [kamezawa@bluextal ~]$ time ps -elf > /dev/null real 0m0.198s user 0m0.050s sys 0m0.145s Considering top, ps tend to scan /proc periodically, this will reduce cpu consumption by top/ps to some extent. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-23procfs: add num_to_str() to speed up /proc/statKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki
== stat_check.py num = 0 with open("/proc/stat") as f: while num < 1000 : data = f.read() f.seek(0, 0) num = num + 1 == perf shows 20.39% stat_check.py [kernel.kallsyms] [k] format_decode 13.41% stat_check.py [kernel.kallsyms] [k] number 12.61% stat_check.py [kernel.kallsyms] [k] vsnprintf 10.85% stat_check.py [kernel.kallsyms] [k] memcpy 4.85% stat_check.py [kernel.kallsyms] [k] radix_tree_lookup 4.43% stat_check.py [kernel.kallsyms] [k] seq_printf This patch removes most of calls to vsnprintf() by adding num_to_str() and seq_print_decimal_ull(), which prints decimal numbers without rich functions provided by printf(). On my 8cpu box. == Before patch == [root@bluextal test]# time ./stat_check.py real 0m0.150s user 0m0.026s sys 0m0.121s == After patch == [root@bluextal test]# time ./stat_check.py real 0m0.055s user 0m0.022s sys 0m0.030s [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove incorrect comment, use less statck in num_to_str(), move comment from .h to .c, simplify seq_put_decimal_ull()] [andrea@betterlinux.com: avoid breaking the ABI in /proc/stat] Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <andrea@betterlinux.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Cc: Russell King <rmk@arm.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-21seq_file: fix mishandling of consecutive pread() invocations.Earl Chew
The following program illustrates the problem: char buf[8192]; int fd = open("/proc/self/maps", O_RDONLY); n = pread(fd, buf, sizeof(buf), 0); printf("%d\n", n); /* lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR); */ /* Uncomment to work around */ n = pread(fd, buf, sizeof(buf), 0); printf("%d\n", n); The second printf() prints zero, but uncommenting the lseek() corrects its behaviour. To fix, make seq_read() mirror seq_lseek() when processing changes in *ppos. Restore m->version first, then if required traverse and update read_pos on success. Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=11856 Signed-off-by: Earl Chew <echew@ixiacom.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-02-28fs: reduce the use of module.h wherever possiblePaul Gortmaker
For files only using THIS_MODULE and/or EXPORT_SYMBOL, map them onto including export.h -- or if the file isn't even using those, then just delete the include. Fix up any implicit include dependencies that were being masked by module.h along the way. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>