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2018-06-12treewide: kmalloc() -> kmalloc_array()Kees Cook
The kmalloc() function has a 2-factor argument form, kmalloc_array(). This patch replaces cases of: kmalloc(a * b, gfp) with: kmalloc_array(a * b, gfp) as well as handling cases of: kmalloc(a * b * c, gfp) with: kmalloc(array3_size(a, b, c), gfp) as it's slightly less ugly than: kmalloc_array(array_size(a, b), c, gfp) This does, however, attempt to ignore constant size factors like: kmalloc(4 * 1024, gfp) though any constants defined via macros get caught up in the conversion. Any factors with a sizeof() of "unsigned char", "char", and "u8" were dropped, since they're redundant. The tools/ directory was manually excluded, since it has its own implementation of kmalloc(). The Coccinelle script used for this was: // Fix redundant parens around sizeof(). @@ type TYPE; expression THING, E; @@ ( kmalloc( - (sizeof(TYPE)) * E + sizeof(TYPE) * E , ...) | kmalloc( - (sizeof(THING)) * E + sizeof(THING) * E , ...) ) // Drop single-byte sizes and redundant parens. @@ expression COUNT; typedef u8; typedef __u8; @@ ( kmalloc( - sizeof(u8) * (COUNT) + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(__u8) * (COUNT) + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(char) * (COUNT) + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(unsigned char) * (COUNT) + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(u8) * COUNT + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(__u8) * COUNT + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(char) * COUNT + COUNT , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(unsigned char) * COUNT + COUNT , ...) ) // 2-factor product with sizeof(type/expression) and identifier or constant. @@ type TYPE; expression THING; identifier COUNT_ID; constant COUNT_CONST; @@ ( - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT_ID) + COUNT_ID, sizeof(TYPE) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT_ID + COUNT_ID, sizeof(TYPE) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT_CONST) + COUNT_CONST, sizeof(TYPE) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT_CONST + COUNT_CONST, sizeof(TYPE) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(THING) * (COUNT_ID) + COUNT_ID, sizeof(THING) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(THING) * COUNT_ID + COUNT_ID, sizeof(THING) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(THING) * (COUNT_CONST) + COUNT_CONST, sizeof(THING) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(THING) * COUNT_CONST + COUNT_CONST, sizeof(THING) , ...) ) // 2-factor product, only identifiers. @@ identifier SIZE, COUNT; @@ - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - SIZE * COUNT + COUNT, SIZE , ...) // 3-factor product with 1 sizeof(type) or sizeof(expression), with // redundant parens removed. @@ expression THING; identifier STRIDE, COUNT; type TYPE; @@ ( kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT) * (STRIDE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE) * (COUNT) * STRIDE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT * (STRIDE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE) * COUNT * STRIDE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(TYPE)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(THING) * (COUNT) * (STRIDE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(THING) * (COUNT) * STRIDE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(THING) * COUNT * (STRIDE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(THING) * COUNT * STRIDE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, sizeof(THING)) , ...) ) // 3-factor product with 2 sizeof(variable), with redundant parens removed. @@ expression THING1, THING2; identifier COUNT; type TYPE1, TYPE2; @@ ( kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(TYPE2) * COUNT + array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(TYPE2)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(THING2) * (COUNT) + array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(TYPE2)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(THING1) * sizeof(THING2) * COUNT + array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(THING1), sizeof(THING2)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(THING1) * sizeof(THING2) * (COUNT) + array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(THING1), sizeof(THING2)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(THING2) * COUNT + array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(THING2)) , ...) | kmalloc( - sizeof(TYPE1) * sizeof(THING2) * (COUNT) + array3_size(COUNT, sizeof(TYPE1), sizeof(THING2)) , ...) ) // 3-factor product, only identifiers, with redundant parens removed. @@ identifier STRIDE, SIZE, COUNT; @@ ( kmalloc( - (COUNT) * STRIDE * SIZE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - COUNT * (STRIDE) * SIZE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - COUNT * STRIDE * (SIZE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - (COUNT) * (STRIDE) * SIZE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - COUNT * (STRIDE) * (SIZE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - (COUNT) * STRIDE * (SIZE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - (COUNT) * (STRIDE) * (SIZE) + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) | kmalloc( - COUNT * STRIDE * SIZE + array3_size(COUNT, STRIDE, SIZE) , ...) ) // Any remaining multi-factor products, first at least 3-factor products, // when they're not all constants... @@ expression E1, E2, E3; constant C1, C2, C3; @@ ( kmalloc(C1 * C2 * C3, ...) | kmalloc( - (E1) * E2 * E3 + array3_size(E1, E2, E3) , ...) | kmalloc( - (E1) * (E2) * E3 + array3_size(E1, E2, E3) , ...) | kmalloc( - (E1) * (E2) * (E3) + array3_size(E1, E2, E3) , ...) | kmalloc( - E1 * E2 * E3 + array3_size(E1, E2, E3) , ...) ) // And then all remaining 2 factors products when they're not all constants, // keeping sizeof() as the second factor argument. @@ expression THING, E1, E2; type TYPE; constant C1, C2, C3; @@ ( kmalloc(sizeof(THING) * C2, ...) | kmalloc(sizeof(TYPE) * C2, ...) | kmalloc(C1 * C2 * C3, ...) | kmalloc(C1 * C2, ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(TYPE) * (E2) + E2, sizeof(TYPE) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(TYPE) * E2 + E2, sizeof(TYPE) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(THING) * (E2) + E2, sizeof(THING) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - sizeof(THING) * E2 + E2, sizeof(THING) , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - (E1) * E2 + E1, E2 , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - (E1) * (E2) + E1, E2 , ...) | - kmalloc + kmalloc_array ( - E1 * E2 + E1, E2 , ...) ) Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
2018-01-09mbcache: make sure c_entry_count is not decremented past zeroJiang Biao
Signed-off-by: Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> CC: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> CC: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> CC: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2018-01-07mbcache: revert "fs/mbcache.c: make count_objects() more robust"Eric Biggers
This reverts commit d5dabd633922ac5ee5bcc67748f7defb8b211469. This patch did absolutely nothing, because ->c_entry_count is unsigned. In addition if there is a bug in how mbcache maintains its entry count, it needs to be fixed, not just hacked around. (There is no obvious bug, though.) Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2018-01-07mbcache: initialize entry->e_referenced in mb_cache_entry_create()Alexander Potapenko
KMSAN reported use of uninitialized |entry->e_referenced| in a condition in mb_cache_shrink(): ================================================================== BUG: KMSAN: use of uninitialized memory in mb_cache_shrink+0x3b4/0xc50 fs/mbcache.c:287 CPU: 2 PID: 816 Comm: kswapd1 Not tainted 4.11.0-rc5+ #2877 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011 Call Trace: __dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:16 [inline] dump_stack+0x172/0x1c0 lib/dump_stack.c:52 kmsan_report+0x12a/0x180 mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:927 __msan_warning_32+0x61/0xb0 mm/kmsan/kmsan_instr.c:469 mb_cache_shrink+0x3b4/0xc50 fs/mbcache.c:287 mb_cache_scan+0x67/0x80 fs/mbcache.c:321 do_shrink_slab mm/vmscan.c:397 [inline] shrink_slab+0xc3d/0x12d0 mm/vmscan.c:500 shrink_node+0x208f/0x2fd0 mm/vmscan.c:2603 kswapd_shrink_node mm/vmscan.c:3172 [inline] balance_pgdat mm/vmscan.c:3289 [inline] kswapd+0x160f/0x2850 mm/vmscan.c:3478 kthread+0x46c/0x5f0 kernel/kthread.c:230 ret_from_fork+0x29/0x40 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:430 chained origin: save_stack_trace+0x37/0x40 arch/x86/kernel/stacktrace.c:59 kmsan_save_stack_with_flags mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:302 [inline] kmsan_save_stack mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:317 [inline] kmsan_internal_chain_origin+0x12a/0x1f0 mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:547 __msan_store_shadow_origin_1+0xac/0x110 mm/kmsan/kmsan_instr.c:257 mb_cache_entry_create+0x3b3/0xc60 fs/mbcache.c:95 ext4_xattr_cache_insert fs/ext4/xattr.c:1647 [inline] ext4_xattr_block_set+0x4c82/0x5530 fs/ext4/xattr.c:1022 ext4_xattr_set_handle+0x1332/0x20a0 fs/ext4/xattr.c:1252 ext4_xattr_set+0x4d2/0x680 fs/ext4/xattr.c:1306 ext4_xattr_trusted_set+0x8d/0xa0 fs/ext4/xattr_trusted.c:36 __vfs_setxattr+0x703/0x790 fs/xattr.c:149 __vfs_setxattr_noperm+0x27a/0x6f0 fs/xattr.c:180 vfs_setxattr fs/xattr.c:223 [inline] setxattr+0x6ae/0x790 fs/xattr.c:449 path_setxattr+0x1eb/0x380 fs/xattr.c:468 SYSC_lsetxattr+0x8d/0xb0 fs/xattr.c:490 SyS_lsetxattr+0x77/0xa0 fs/xattr.c:486 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x13/0x94 origin: save_stack_trace+0x37/0x40 arch/x86/kernel/stacktrace.c:59 kmsan_save_stack_with_flags mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:302 [inline] kmsan_internal_poison_shadow+0xb1/0x1a0 mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:198 kmsan_kmalloc+0x7f/0xe0 mm/kmsan/kmsan.c:337 kmem_cache_alloc+0x1c2/0x1e0 mm/slub.c:2766 mb_cache_entry_create+0x283/0xc60 fs/mbcache.c:86 ext4_xattr_cache_insert fs/ext4/xattr.c:1647 [inline] ext4_xattr_block_set+0x4c82/0x5530 fs/ext4/xattr.c:1022 ext4_xattr_set_handle+0x1332/0x20a0 fs/ext4/xattr.c:1252 ext4_xattr_set+0x4d2/0x680 fs/ext4/xattr.c:1306 ext4_xattr_trusted_set+0x8d/0xa0 fs/ext4/xattr_trusted.c:36 __vfs_setxattr+0x703/0x790 fs/xattr.c:149 __vfs_setxattr_noperm+0x27a/0x6f0 fs/xattr.c:180 vfs_setxattr fs/xattr.c:223 [inline] setxattr+0x6ae/0x790 fs/xattr.c:449 path_setxattr+0x1eb/0x380 fs/xattr.c:468 SYSC_lsetxattr+0x8d/0xb0 fs/xattr.c:490 SyS_lsetxattr+0x77/0xa0 fs/xattr.c:486 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x13/0x94 ================================================================== Signed-off-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com> Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.6
2017-11-29fs/mbcache.c: make count_objects() more robustJiang Biao
When running ltp stress test for 7*24 hours, vmscan occasionally emits the following warning continuously: mb_cache_scan+0x0/0x3f0 negative objects to delete nr=-9232265467809300450 ... Tracing shows the freeable(mb_cache_count returns) is -1, which causes the continuous accumulation and overflow of total_scan. This patch makes sure that mb_cache_count() cannot return a negative value, which makes the mbcache shrinker more robust. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1511753419-52328-1-git-send-email-jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn Signed-off-by: Jiang Biao <jiang.biao2@zte.com.cn> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org> Cc: <zhong.weidong@zte.com.cn> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2017-06-22ext4: xattr inode deduplicationTahsin Erdogan
Ext4 now supports xattr values that are up to 64k in size (vfs limit). Large xattr values are stored in external inodes each one holding a single value. Once written the data blocks of these inodes are immutable. The real world use cases are expected to have a lot of value duplication such as inherited acls etc. To reduce data duplication on disk, this patch implements a deduplicator that allows sharing of xattr inodes. The deduplication is based on an in-memory hash lookup that is a best effort sharing scheme. When a xattr inode is read from disk (i.e. getxattr() call), its crc32c hash is added to a hash table. Before creating a new xattr inode for a value being set, the hash table is checked to see if an existing inode holds an identical value. If such an inode is found, the ref count on that inode is incremented. On value removal the ref count is decremented and if it reaches zero the inode is deleted. The quota charging for such inodes is manually managed. Every reference holder is charged the full size as if there was no sharing happening. This is consistent with how xattr blocks are also charged. [ Fixed up journal credits calculation to handle inline data and the rare case where an shared xattr block can get freed when two thread race on breaking the xattr block sharing. --tytso ] Signed-off-by: Tahsin Erdogan <tahsin@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2017-06-22mbcache: make mbcache naming more genericTahsin Erdogan
Make names more generic so that mbcache usage is not limited to block sharing. In a subsequent patch in the series ("ext4: xattr inode deduplication"), we start using the mbcache code for sharing xattr inodes. With that patch, old mb_cache_entry.e_block field could be holding either a block number or an inode number. Signed-off-by: Tahsin Erdogan <tahsin@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2016-12-03mbcache: document that "find" functions only return reusable entriesEric Biggers
mb_cache_entry_find_first() and mb_cache_entry_find_next() only return cache entries with the 'e_reusable' bit set. This should be documented. Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2016-12-03mbcache: use consistent type for entry countEric Biggers
mbcache used several different types to represent the number of entries in the cache. For consistency within mbcache and with the shrinker API, always use unsigned long. This does not change behavior for current mbcache users (ext2 and ext4) since they limit the entry count to a value which easily fits in an int. Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2016-12-03mbcache: remove unnecessary module_get/module_putEric Biggers
When mbcache is built as a module, any modules that use it (ext2 and/or ext4) will depend on its symbols directly, incrementing its reference count. Therefore, there is no need to do module_get/module_put. Also note that since the module_get/module_put were in the mbcache module itself, executing those lines of code was already dependent on another reference to the mbcache module being held. Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2016-12-03mbcache: don't BUG() if entry cache cannot be allocatedEric Biggers
mbcache can be a module that is loaded long after startup, when someone asks to mount an ext2 or ext4 filesystem. Therefore it should not BUG() if kmem_cache_create() fails, but rather just fail the module load. Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2016-12-03mbcache: correctly handle 'e_referenced' bitEric Biggers
mbcache entries have an 'e_referenced' bit which users can set with mb_cache_entry_touch() to indicate that an entry should be given another pass through the LRU list before the shrinker can delete it. However, mb_cache_shrink() actually would, when seeing an e_referenced entry at the front of the list (the least-recently used end), place it right at the front of the list again. The next iteration would then remove the entry from the list and delete it. Consequently, e_referenced had essentially no effect, so ext2/ext4 xattr blocks would sometimes not be reused as often as expected. Fix this by making the shrinker move e_referenced entries to the back of the list rather than the front. Signed-off-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@google.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2016-08-31mbcache: fix to detect failure of register_shrinkerChao Yu
register_shrinker in mb_cache_create may fail due to no memory. This patch fixes to do the check of return value of register_shrinker and handle the error case, otherwise mb_cache_create may return with no error, but losing the inner shrinker. Signed-off-by: Chao Yu <yuchao0@huawei.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2016-02-22mbcache: add reusable flag to cache entriesAndreas Gruenbacher
To reduce amount of damage caused by single bad block, we limit number of inodes sharing an xattr block to 1024. Thus there can be more xattr blocks with the same contents when there are lots of files with the same extended attributes. These xattr blocks naturally result in hash collisions and can form long hash chains and we unnecessarily check each such block only to find out we cannot use it because it is already shared by too many inodes. Add a reusable flag to cache entries which is cleared when a cache entry has reached its maximum refcount. Cache entries which are not marked reusable are skipped by mb_cache_entry_find_{first,next}. This significantly speeds up mbcache when there are many same xattr blocks. For example for xattr-bench with 5 values and each process handling 20000 files, the run for 64 processes is 25x faster with this patch. Even for 8 processes the speedup is almost 3x. We have also verified that for situations where there is only one xattr block of each kind, the patch doesn't have a measurable cost. [JK: Remove handling of setting the same value since it is not needed anymore, check for races in e_reusable setting, improve changelog, add measurements] Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruenba@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2016-02-22mbcache: get rid of _e_hash_list_headAndreas Gruenbacher
Get rid of field _e_hash_list_head in cache entries and add bit field e_referenced instead. Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruenba@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2016-02-22mbcache2: rename to mbcacheJan Kara
Since old mbcache code is gone, let's rename new code to mbcache since number 2 is now meaningless. This is just a mechanical replacement. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2016-02-22mbcache: remove mbcacheJan Kara
Both ext2 and ext4 are now converted to mbcache2. Remove the old mbcache code. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
2014-06-25fs/mbcache: replace __builtin_log2() with ilog2()T Makphaibulchoke
Fix compiler error with some gcc version(s) that do not support __builtin_log2() by replacing __builtin_log2() with ilog2(). Signed-off-by: T. Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <macro@linux-mips.org>
2014-03-18ext4: each filesystem creates and uses its own mb_cacheT Makphaibulchoke
This patch adds new interfaces to create and destory cache, ext4_xattr_create_cache() and ext4_xattr_destroy_cache(), and remove the cache creation and destory calls from ex4_init_xattr() and ext4_exitxattr() in fs/ext4/xattr.c. fs/ext4/super.c has been changed so that when a filesystem is mounted a cache is allocated and attched to its ext4_sb_info structure. fs/mbcache.c has been changed so that only one slab allocator is allocated and used by all mbcache structures. Signed-off-by: T. Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com>
2014-03-18fs/mbcache.c: doucple the locking of local from global dataT Makphaibulchoke
The patch increases the parallelism of mbcache by using the built-in lock in the hlist_bl_node to protect the mb_cache's local block and index hash chains. The global data mb_cache_lru_list and mb_cache_list continue to be protected by the global mb_cache_spinlock. New block group spinlock, mb_cache_bg_lock is also added to serialize accesses to mb_cache_entry's local data. A new member e_refcnt is added to the mb_cache_entry structure to help preventing an mb_cache_entry from being deallocated by a free while it is being referenced by either mb_cache_entry_get() or mb_cache_entry_find(). Signed-off-by: T. Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2014-03-18fs/mbcache.c: change block and index hash chain to hlist_bl_nodeT Makphaibulchoke
This patch changes each mb_cache's both block and index hash chains to use a hlist_bl_node, which contains a built-in lock. This is the first step in decoupling of locks serializing accesses to mb_cache global data and each mb_cache_entry local data. Signed-off-by: T. Makphaibulchoke <tmac@hp.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2013-09-10fs: convert fs shrinkers to new scan/count APIDave Chinner
Convert the filesystem shrinkers to use the new API, and standardise some of the behaviours of the shrinkers at the same time. For example, nr_to_scan means the number of objects to scan, not the number of objects to free. I refactored the CIFS idmap shrinker a little - it really needs to be broken up into a shrinker per tree and keep an item count with the tree root so that we don't need to walk the tree every time the shrinker needs to count the number of objects in the tree (i.e. all the time under memory pressure). [glommer@openvz.org: fixes for ext4, ubifs, nfs, cifs and glock. Fixes are needed mainly due to new code merged in the tree] [assorted fixes folded in] Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@openvz.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Acked-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com> Cc: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-10super: fix calculation of shrinkable objects for small numbersGlauber Costa
The sysctl knob sysctl_vfs_cache_pressure is used to determine which percentage of the shrinkable objects in our cache we should actively try to shrink. It works great in situations in which we have many objects (at least more than 100), because the aproximation errors will be negligible. But if this is not the case, specially when total_objects < 100, we may end up concluding that we have no objects at all (total / 100 = 0, if total < 100). This is certainly not the biggest killer in the world, but may matter in very low kernel memory situations. Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@openvz.org> Reviewed-by: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com> Cc: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2011-05-25vmscan: change shrinker API by passing shrink_control structYing Han
Change each shrinker's API by consolidating the existing parameters into shrink_control struct. This will simplify any further features added w/o touching each file of shrinker. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warning] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: fix up new shrinker API] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix xfs warning] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: update gfs2] Signed-off-by: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@openvz.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-31Fix common misspellingsLucas De Marchi
Fixes generated by 'codespell' and manually reviewed. Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>
2011-01-10ext2: Resolve 'dereferencing pointer to incomplete type' when enabling ↵Josh Hunt
EXT2_XATTR_DEBUG When I enable EXT2_XATTR_DEBUG in fs/ext2/xattr.c I get a build error stating the following: CC fs/ext2/xattr.o fs/ext2/xattr.c: In function 'ext2_xattr_cache_insert': fs/ext2/xattr.c:841: error: dereferencing pointer to incomplete type fs/ext2/xattr.c:846: error: dereferencing pointer to incomplete type make[2]: *** [fs/ext2/xattr.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [fs/ext2] Error 2 make: *** [fs] Error 2 These lines reference ext2_xattr_cache->c_entry_count which is defined in struct mb_cache. struct mb_cache is currently only defined in fs/mbcache.c. Moving struct mb_cache definition to include/linux/mbcache.h to resolve the issue. Signed-off-by: Josh Hunt <johunt@akamai.com> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2010-08-18mbcache: Limit the maximum number of cache entriesAndreas Gruenbacher
Limit the maximum number of mb_cache entries depending on the number of hash buckets: if the only limit to the number of cache entries is the available memory the hash chains can grow very long, taking a long time to search. At least partially solves https://bugzilla.lustre.org/show_bug.cgi?id=22771. Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-09mbcache: fix shrinker function return valueAndreas Gruenbacher
The shrinker function is supposed to return the number of cache entries after shrinking, not before shrinking. Fix that. Based on a patch from Wang Sheng-Hui <crosslonelyover@gmail.com>. Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-09mbcache: Remove unused featuresAndreas Gruenbacher
The mbcache code was written to support a variable number of indexes, but all the existing users use exactly one index. Simplify to code to support only that case. There are also no users of the cache entry free operation, and none of the users keep extra data in cache entries. Remove those features as well. Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-07-19mm: add context argument to shrinker callbackDave Chinner
The current shrinker implementation requires the registered callback to have global state to work from. This makes it difficult to shrink caches that are not global (e.g. per-filesystem caches). Pass the shrinker structure to the callback so that users can embed the shrinker structure in the context the shrinker needs to operate on and get back to it in the callback via container_of(). Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
2008-04-15vfs: fix possible deadlock in ext2, ext3, ext4 when using xattrsJan Kara
mb_cache_entry_alloc() was allocating cache entries with GFP_KERNEL. But filesystems are calling this function while holding xattr_sem so possible recursion into the fs violates locking ordering of xattr_sem and transaction start / i_mutex for ext2-4. Change mb_cache_entry_alloc() so that filesystems can specify desired gfp mask and use GFP_NOFS from all of them. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Cc: <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-25fs: Fix to correct the mbcache entries counterRam Gupta
This patch fixes the c_entry_count counter of the mbcache. Currently it increments the counter first & allocate the cache entry later. In case of failure to allocate the entry due to insufficient memory this counter is still left incremented. This patch fixes this anomaly. Signed-off-by: Ram Gupta <ram.gupta5@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-20mm: Remove slab destructors from kmem_cache_create().Paul Mundt
Slab destructors were no longer supported after Christoph's c59def9f222d44bb7e2f0a559f2906191a0862d7 change. They've been BUGs for both slab and slub, and slob never supported them either. This rips out support for the dtor pointer from kmem_cache_create() completely and fixes up every single callsite in the kernel (there were about 224, not including the slab allocator definitions themselves, or the documentation references). Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org>
2007-07-17mm: clean up and kernelify shrinker registrationRusty Russell
I can never remember what the function to register to receive VM pressure is called. I have to trace down from __alloc_pages() to find it. It's called "set_shrinker()", and it needs Your Help. 1) Don't hide struct shrinker. It contains no magic. 2) Don't allocate "struct shrinker". It's not helpful. 3) Call them "register_shrinker" and "unregister_shrinker". 4) Call the function "shrink" not "shrinker". 5) Reduce the 17 lines of waffly comments to 13, but document it properly. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] slab: remove kmem_cache_tChristoph Lameter
Replace all uses of kmem_cache_t with struct kmem_cache. The patch was generated using the following script: #!/bin/sh # # Replace one string by another in all the kernel sources. # set -e for file in `find * -name "*.c" -o -name "*.h"|xargs grep -l $1`; do quilt add $file sed -e "1,\$s/$1/$2/g" $file >/tmp/$$ mv /tmp/$$ $file quilt refresh done The script was run like this sh replace kmem_cache_t "struct kmem_cache" Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-29[PATCH] mbcache: add lock annotation for __mb_cache_entry_release_unlock()Josh Triplett
__mb_cache_entry_release_unlock releases mb_cache_spinlock, so annotate it accordingly. Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@freedesktop.org> Cc: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-28[PATCH] Typo fixesAlexey Dobriyan
Fix a lot of typos. Eyeballed by jmc@ in OpenBSD. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-24[PATCH] cpuset memory spread: slab cache filesystemsPaul Jackson
Mark file system inode and similar slab caches subject to SLAB_MEM_SPREAD memory spreading. If a slab cache is marked SLAB_MEM_SPREAD, then anytime that a task that's in a cpuset with the 'memory_spread_slab' option enabled goes to allocate from such a slab cache, the allocations are spread evenly over all the memory nodes (task->mems_allowed) allowed to that task, instead of favoring allocation on the node local to the current cpu. The following inode and similar caches are marked SLAB_MEM_SPREAD: file cache ==== ===== fs/adfs/super.c adfs_inode_cache fs/affs/super.c affs_inode_cache fs/befs/linuxvfs.c befs_inode_cache fs/bfs/inode.c bfs_inode_cache fs/block_dev.c bdev_cache fs/cifs/cifsfs.c cifs_inode_cache fs/coda/inode.c coda_inode_cache fs/dquot.c dquot fs/efs/super.c efs_inode_cache fs/ext2/super.c ext2_inode_cache fs/ext2/xattr.c (fs/mbcache.c) ext2_xattr fs/ext3/super.c ext3_inode_cache fs/ext3/xattr.c (fs/mbcache.c) ext3_xattr fs/fat/cache.c fat_cache fs/fat/inode.c fat_inode_cache fs/freevxfs/vxfs_super.c vxfs_inode fs/hpfs/super.c hpfs_inode_cache fs/isofs/inode.c isofs_inode_cache fs/jffs/inode-v23.c jffs_fm fs/jffs2/super.c jffs2_i fs/jfs/super.c jfs_ip fs/minix/inode.c minix_inode_cache fs/ncpfs/inode.c ncp_inode_cache fs/nfs/direct.c nfs_direct_cache fs/nfs/inode.c nfs_inode_cache fs/ntfs/super.c ntfs_big_inode_cache_name fs/ntfs/super.c ntfs_inode_cache fs/ocfs2/dlm/dlmfs.c dlmfs_inode_cache fs/ocfs2/super.c ocfs2_inode_cache fs/proc/inode.c proc_inode_cache fs/qnx4/inode.c qnx4_inode_cache fs/reiserfs/super.c reiser_inode_cache fs/romfs/inode.c romfs_inode_cache fs/smbfs/inode.c smb_inode_cache fs/sysv/inode.c sysv_inode_cache fs/udf/super.c udf_inode_cache fs/ufs/super.c ufs_inode_cache net/socket.c sock_inode_cache net/sunrpc/rpc_pipe.c rpc_inode_cache The choice of which slab caches to so mark was quite simple. I marked those already marked SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT, except for fs/xfs, dentry_cache, inode_cache, and buffer_head, which were marked in a previous patch. Even though SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT is for a different purpose, it marks the same potentially large file system i/o related slab caches as we need for memory spreading. Given that the rule now becomes "wherever you would have used a SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT slab cache flag before (usually the inode cache), use the SLAB_MEM_SPREAD flag too", this should be easy enough to maintain. Future file system writers will just copy one of the existing file system slab cache setups and tend to get it right without thinking. Signed-off-by: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-01-14[PATCH] Unlinline a bunch of other functionsArjan van de Ven
Remove the "inline" keyword from a bunch of big functions in the kernel with the goal of shrinking it by 30kb to 40kb Signed-off-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Jeff Garzik <jgarzik@pobox.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-07[PATCH] kfree cleanup: fsJesper Juhl
This is the fs/ part of the big kfree cleanup patch. Remove pointless checks for NULL prior to calling kfree() in fs/. Signed-off-by: Jesper Juhl <jesper.juhl@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-28[PATCH] gfp_t: fs/*Al Viro
- ->releasepage() annotated (s/int/gfp_t), instances updated - missing gfp_t in fs/* added - fixed misannotation from the original sweep caught by bitwise checks: XFS used __nocast both for gfp_t and for flags used by XFS allocator. The latter left with unsigned int __nocast; we might want to add a different type for those but for now let's leave them alone. That, BTW, is a case when __nocast use had been actively confusing - it had been used in the same code for two different and similar types, with no way to catch misuses. Switch of gfp_t to bitwise had caught that immediately... One tricky bit is left alone to be dealt with later - mapping->flags is a mix of gfp_t and error indications. Left alone for now. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-07-27[PATCH] mbcache: Remove unused mb_cache_shrink parameterAndreas Gruenbacher
The cache parameter to mb_cache_shrink isn't used. We may as well remove it. Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-05-05[PATCH] make some things staticAdrian Bunk
This patch makes some needlessly global identifiers static. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Acked-by: Arjan van de Ven <arjanv@infradead.org> Acked-by: Trond Myklebust <trond.myklebust@fys.uio.no> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!