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2020-10-23Merge tag 'arch-cleanup-2020-10-22' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull arch task_work cleanups from Jens Axboe: "Two cleanups that don't fit other categories: - Finally get the task_work_add() cleanup done properly, so we don't have random 0/1/false/true/TWA_SIGNAL confusing use cases. Updates all callers, and also fixes up the documentation for task_work_add(). - While working on some TIF related changes for 5.11, this TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME cleanup fell out of that. Remove some arch duplication for how that is handled" * tag 'arch-cleanup-2020-10-22' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: task_work: cleanup notification modes tracehook: clear TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME in tracehook_notify_resume()
2020-10-18mm/madvise: introduce process_madvise() syscall: an external memory hinting APIMinchan Kim
There is usecase that System Management Software(SMS) want to give a memory hint like MADV_[COLD|PAGEEOUT] to other processes and in the case of Android, it is the ActivityManagerService. The information required to make the reclaim decision is not known to the app. Instead, it is known to the centralized userspace daemon(ActivityManagerService), and that daemon must be able to initiate reclaim on its own without any app involvement. To solve the issue, this patch introduces a new syscall process_madvise(2). It uses pidfd of an external process to give the hint. It also supports vector address range because Android app has thousands of vmas due to zygote so it's totally waste of CPU and power if we should call the syscall one by one for each vma.(With testing 2000-vma syscall vs 1-vector syscall, it showed 15% performance improvement. I think it would be bigger in real practice because the testing ran very cache friendly environment). Another potential use case for the vector range is to amortize the cost ofTLB shootdowns for multiple ranges when using MADV_DONTNEED; this could benefit users like TCP receive zerocopy and malloc implementations. In future, we could find more usecases for other advises so let's make it happens as API since we introduce a new syscall at this moment. With that, existing madvise(2) user could replace it with process_madvise(2) with their own pid if they want to have batch address ranges support feature. ince it could affect other process's address range, only privileged process(PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS) or something else(e.g., being the same UID) gives it the right to ptrace the process could use it successfully. The flag argument is reserved for future use if we need to extend the API. I think supporting all hints madvise has/will supported/support to process_madvise is rather risky. Because we are not sure all hints make sense from external process and implementation for the hint may rely on the caller being in the current context so it could be error-prone. Thus, I just limited hints as MADV_[COLD|PAGEOUT] in this patch. If someone want to add other hints, we could hear the usecase and review it for each hint. It's safer for maintenance rather than introducing a buggy syscall but hard to fix it later. So finally, the API is as follows, ssize_t process_madvise(int pidfd, const struct iovec *iovec, unsigned long vlen, int advice, unsigned int flags); DESCRIPTION The process_madvise() system call is used to give advice or directions to the kernel about the address ranges from external process as well as local process. It provides the advice to address ranges of process described by iovec and vlen. The goal of such advice is to improve system or application performance. The pidfd selects the process referred to by the PID file descriptor specified in pidfd. (See pidofd_open(2) for further information) The pointer iovec points to an array of iovec structures, defined in <sys/uio.h> as: struct iovec { void *iov_base; /* starting address */ size_t iov_len; /* number of bytes to be advised */ }; The iovec describes address ranges beginning at address(iov_base) and with size length of bytes(iov_len). The vlen represents the number of elements in iovec. The advice is indicated in the advice argument, which is one of the following at this moment if the target process specified by pidfd is external. MADV_COLD MADV_PAGEOUT Permission to provide a hint to external process is governed by a ptrace access mode PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_FSCREDS check; see ptrace(2). The process_madvise supports every advice madvise(2) has if target process is in same thread group with calling process so user could use process_madvise(2) to extend existing madvise(2) to support vector address ranges. RETURN VALUE On success, process_madvise() returns the number of bytes advised. This return value may be less than the total number of requested bytes, if an error occurred. The caller should check return value to determine whether a partial advice occurred. FAQ: Q.1 - Why does any external entity have better knowledge? Quote from Sandeep "For Android, every application (including the special SystemServer) are forked from Zygote. The reason of course is to share as many libraries and classes between the two as possible to benefit from the preloading during boot. After applications start, (almost) all of the APIs end up calling into this SystemServer process over IPC (binder) and back to the application. In a fully running system, the SystemServer monitors every single process periodically to calculate their PSS / RSS and also decides which process is "important" to the user for interactivity. So, because of how these processes start _and_ the fact that the SystemServer is looping to monitor each process, it does tend to *know* which address range of the application is not used / useful. Besides, we can never rely on applications to clean things up themselves. We've had the "hey app1, the system is low on memory, please trim your memory usage down" notifications for a long time[1]. They rely on applications honoring the broadcasts and very few do. So, if we want to avoid the inevitable killing of the application and restarting it, some way to be able to tell the OS about unimportant memory in these applications will be useful. - ssp Q.2 - How to guarantee the race(i.e., object validation) between when giving a hint from an external process and get the hint from the target process? process_madvise operates on the target process's address space as it exists at the instant that process_madvise is called. If the space target process can run between the time the process_madvise process inspects the target process address space and the time that process_madvise is actually called, process_madvise may operate on memory regions that the calling process does not expect. It's the responsibility of the process calling process_madvise to close this race condition. For example, the calling process can suspend the target process with ptrace, SIGSTOP, or the freezer cgroup so that it doesn't have an opportunity to change its own address space before process_madvise is called. Another option is to operate on memory regions that the caller knows a priori will be unchanged in the target process. Yet another option is to accept the race for certain process_madvise calls after reasoning that mistargeting will do no harm. The suggested API itself does not provide synchronization. It also apply other APIs like move_pages, process_vm_write. The race isn't really a problem though. Why is it so wrong to require that callers do their own synchronization in some manner? Nobody objects to write(2) merely because it's possible for two processes to open the same file and clobber each other's writes --- instead, we tell people to use flock or something. Think about mmap. It never guarantees newly allocated address space is still valid when the user tries to access it because other threads could unmap the memory right before. That's where we need synchronization by using other API or design from userside. It shouldn't be part of API itself. If someone needs more fine-grained synchronization rather than process level, there were two ideas suggested - cookie[2] and anon-fd[3]. Both are applicable via using last reserved argument of the API but I don't think it's necessary right now since we have already ways to prevent the race so don't want to add additional complexity with more fine-grained optimization model. To make the API extend, it reserved an unsigned long as last argument so we could support it in future if someone really needs it. Q.3 - Why doesn't ptrace work? Injecting an madvise in the target process using ptrace would not work for us because such injected madvise would have to be executed by the target process, which means that process would have to be runnable and that creates the risk of the abovementioned race and hinting a wrong VMA. Furthermore, we want to act the hint in caller's context, not the callee's, because the callee is usually limited in cpuset/cgroups or even freezed state so they can't act by themselves quick enough, which causes more thrashing/kill. It doesn't work if the target process are ptraced(e.g., strace, debugger, minidump) because a process can have at most one ptracer. [1] https://developer.android.com/topic/performance/memory" [2] process_getinfo for getting the cookie which is updated whenever vma of process address layout are changed - Daniel Colascione - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190520035254.57579-1-minchan@kernel.org/T/#m7694416fd179b2066a2c62b5b139b14e3894e224 [3] anonymous fd which is used for the object(i.e., address range) validation - Michal Hocko - https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200120112722.GY18451@dhcp22.suse.cz/ [minchan@kernel.org: fix process_madvise build break for arm64] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200303145756.GA219683@google.com [minchan@kernel.org: fix build error for mips of process_madvise] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200508052517.GA197378@google.com [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix patch ordering issue] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix arm64 whoops] [minchan@kernel.org: make process_madvise() vlen arg have type size_t, per Florian] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix i386 build] [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: fix syscall numbering] Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200905142639.49fc3f1a@canb.auug.org.au [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: madvise.c needs compat.h] Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200908204547.285646b4@canb.auug.org.au [minchan@kernel.org: fix mips build] Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200909173655.GC2435453@google.com [yuehaibing@huawei.com: remove duplicate header which is included twice] Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200915121550.30584-1-yuehaibing@huawei.com [minchan@kernel.org: do not use helper functions for process_madvise] Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200921175539.GB387368@google.com [akpm@linux-foundation.org: pidfd_get_pid() gained an argument] [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: fix up for "iov_iter: transparently handle compat iovecs in import_iovec"] Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200928212542.468e1fef@canb.auug.org.au Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: YueHaibing <yuehaibing@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com> Reviewed-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com> Cc: Brian Geffon <bgeffon@google.com> Cc: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> Cc: Daniel Colascione <dancol@google.com> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: John Dias <joaodias@google.com> Cc: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Oleksandr Natalenko <oleksandr@redhat.com> Cc: Sandeep Patil <sspatil@google.com> Cc: SeongJae Park <sj38.park@gmail.com> Cc: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de> Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> Cc: Sonny Rao <sonnyrao@google.com> Cc: Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com> Cc: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> Cc: Florian Weimer <fw@deneb.enyo.de> Cc: <linux-man@vger.kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200302193630.68771-3-minchan@kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200508183320.GA125527@google.com Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200622192900.22757-4-minchan@kernel.org Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200901000633.1920247-4-minchan@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-10-17tracehook: clear TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME in tracehook_notify_resume()Jens Axboe
All the callers currently do this, clean it up and move the clearing into tracehook_notify_resume() instead. Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2020-10-15Merge tag 'dma-mapping-5.10' of git://git.infradead.org/users/hch/dma-mappingLinus Torvalds
Pull dma-mapping updates from Christoph Hellwig: - rework the non-coherent DMA allocator - move private definitions out of <linux/dma-mapping.h> - lower CMA_ALIGNMENT (Paul Cercueil) - remove the omap1 dma address translation in favor of the common code - make dma-direct aware of multiple dma offset ranges (Jim Quinlan) - support per-node DMA CMA areas (Barry Song) - increase the default seg boundary limit (Nicolin Chen) - misc fixes (Robin Murphy, Thomas Tai, Xu Wang) - various cleanups * tag 'dma-mapping-5.10' of git://git.infradead.org/users/hch/dma-mapping: (63 commits) ARM/ixp4xx: add a missing include of dma-map-ops.h dma-direct: simplify the DMA_ATTR_NO_KERNEL_MAPPING handling dma-direct: factor out a dma_direct_alloc_from_pool helper dma-direct check for highmem pages in dma_direct_alloc_pages dma-mapping: merge <linux/dma-noncoherent.h> into <linux/dma-map-ops.h> dma-mapping: move large parts of <linux/dma-direct.h> to kernel/dma dma-mapping: move dma-debug.h to kernel/dma/ dma-mapping: remove <asm/dma-contiguous.h> dma-mapping: merge <linux/dma-contiguous.h> into <linux/dma-map-ops.h> dma-contiguous: remove dma_contiguous_set_default dma-contiguous: remove dev_set_cma_area dma-contiguous: remove dma_declare_contiguous dma-mapping: split <linux/dma-mapping.h> cma: decrease CMA_ALIGNMENT lower limit to 2 firewire-ohci: use dma_alloc_pages dma-iommu: implement ->alloc_noncoherent dma-mapping: add new {alloc,free}_noncoherent dma_map_ops methods dma-mapping: add a new dma_alloc_pages API dma-mapping: remove dma_cache_sync 53c700: convert to dma_alloc_noncoherent ...
2020-10-12Merge tag 'core-build-2020-10-12' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull orphan section checking from Ingo Molnar: "Orphan link sections were a long-standing source of obscure bugs, because the heuristics that various linkers & compilers use to handle them (include these bits into the output image vs discarding them silently) are both highly idiosyncratic and also version dependent. Instead of this historically problematic mess, this tree by Kees Cook (et al) adds build time asserts and build time warnings if there's any orphan section in the kernel or if a section is not sized as expected. And because we relied on so many silent assumptions in this area, fix a metric ton of dependencies and some outright bugs related to this, before we can finally enable the checks on the x86, ARM and ARM64 platforms" * tag 'core-build-2020-10-12' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (36 commits) x86/boot/compressed: Warn on orphan section placement x86/build: Warn on orphan section placement arm/boot: Warn on orphan section placement arm/build: Warn on orphan section placement arm64/build: Warn on orphan section placement x86/boot/compressed: Add missing debugging sections to output x86/boot/compressed: Remove, discard, or assert for unwanted sections x86/boot/compressed: Reorganize zero-size section asserts x86/build: Add asserts for unwanted sections x86/build: Enforce an empty .got.plt section x86/asm: Avoid generating unused kprobe sections arm/boot: Handle all sections explicitly arm/build: Assert for unwanted sections arm/build: Add missing sections arm/build: Explicitly keep .ARM.attributes sections arm/build: Refactor linker script headers arm64/build: Assert for unwanted sections arm64/build: Add missing DWARF sections arm64/build: Use common DISCARDS in linker script arm64/build: Remove .eh_frame* sections due to unwind tables ...
2020-10-06dma-mapping: split <linux/dma-mapping.h>Christoph Hellwig
Split out all the bits that are purely for dma_map_ops implementations and related code into a new <linux/dma-map-ops.h> header so that they don't get pulled into all the drivers. That also means the architecture specific <asm/dma-mapping.h> is not pulled in by <linux/dma-mapping.h> any more, which leads to a missing includes that were pulled in by the x86 or arm versions in a few not overly portable drivers. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
2020-09-25dma-mapping: add a new dma_alloc_pages APIChristoph Hellwig
This API is the equivalent of alloc_pages, except that the returned memory is guaranteed to be DMA addressable by the passed in device. The implementation will also be used to provide a more sensible replacement for DMA_ATTR_NON_CONSISTENT flag. Additionally dma_alloc_noncoherent is switched over to use dma_alloc_pages as its backend. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de> (MIPS part)
2020-09-03dma-mapping: introduce dma_get_seg_boundary_nr_pages()Nicolin Chen
We found that callers of dma_get_seg_boundary mostly do an ALIGN with page mask and then do a page shift to get number of pages: ALIGN(boundary + 1, 1 << shift) >> shift However, the boundary might be as large as ULONG_MAX, which means that a device has no specific boundary limit. So either "+ 1" or passing it to ALIGN() would potentially overflow. According to kernel defines: #define ALIGN_MASK(x, mask) (((x) + (mask)) & ~(mask)) #define ALIGN(x, a) ALIGN_MASK(x, (typeof(x))(a) - 1) We can simplify the logic here into a helper function doing: ALIGN(boundary + 1, 1 << shift) >> shift = ALIGN_MASK(b + 1, (1 << s) - 1) >> s = {[b + 1 + (1 << s) - 1] & ~[(1 << s) - 1]} >> s = [b + 1 + (1 << s) - 1] >> s = [b + (1 << s)] >> s = (b >> s) + 1 This patch introduces and applies dma_get_seg_boundary_nr_pages() as an overflow-free helper for the dma_get_seg_boundary() callers to get numbers of pages. It also takes care of the NULL dev case for non-DMA API callers. Suggested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Nicolin Chen <nicoleotsuka@gmail.com> Acked-by: Niklas Schnelle <schnelle@linux.ibm.com> Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc) Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
2020-09-01vmlinux.lds.h: Split ELF_DETAILS from STABS_DEBUGKees Cook
The .comment section doesn't belong in STABS_DEBUG. Split it out into a new macro named ELF_DETAILS. This will gain other non-debug sections that need to be accounted for when linking with --orphan-handling=warn. Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200821194310.3089815-5-keescook@chromium.org
2020-08-23treewide: Use fallthrough pseudo-keywordGustavo A. R. Silva
Replace the existing /* fall through */ comments and its variants with the new pseudo-keyword macro fallthrough[1]. Also, remove unnecessary fall-through markings when it is the case. [1] https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/v5.7/process/deprecated.html?highlight=fallthrough#implicit-switch-case-fall-through Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavoars@kernel.org>
2020-08-14iomap: constify ioreadX() iomem argument (as in generic implementation)Krzysztof Kozlowski
Patch series "iomap: Constify ioreadX() iomem argument", v3. The ioread8/16/32() and others have inconsistent interface among the architectures: some taking address as const, some not. It seems there is nothing really stopping all of them to take pointer to const. This patch (of 4): The ioreadX() and ioreadX_rep() helpers have inconsistent interface. On some architectures void *__iomem address argument is a pointer to const, on some not. Implementations of ioreadX() do not modify the memory under the address so they can be converted to a "const" version for const-safety and consistency among architectures. [krzk@kernel.org: sh: clk: fix assignment from incompatible pointer type for ioreadX()] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200723082017.24053-1-krzk@kernel.org [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/mailbox/bcm-pdc-mailbox.c] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/202007132209.Rxmv4QyS%25lkp@intel.com Suggested-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Krzysztof Kozlowski <krzk@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be> Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Kalle Valo <kvalo@codeaurora.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org> Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com> Cc: Jon Mason <jdmason@kudzu.us> Cc: Allen Hubbe <allenbh@gmail.com> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com> Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200709072837.5869-1-krzk@kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200709072837.5869-2-krzk@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-08-14all arch: remove system call sys_sysctlXiaoming Ni
Since commit 61a47c1ad3a4dc ("sysctl: Remove the sysctl system call"), sys_sysctl is actually unavailable: any input can only return an error. We have been warning about people using the sysctl system call for years and believe there are no more users. Even if there are users of this interface if they have not complained or fixed their code by now they probably are not going to, so there is no point in warning them any longer. So completely remove sys_sysctl on all architectures. [nixiaoming@huawei.com: s390: fix build error for sys_call_table_emu] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200618141426.16884-1-nixiaoming@huawei.com Signed-off-by: Xiaoming Ni <nixiaoming@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> [arm/arm64] Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com> Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Bin Meng <bin.meng@windriver.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: chenzefeng <chenzefeng2@huawei.com> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Cc: Christian Brauner <christian@brauner.io> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Diego Elio Pettenò <flameeyes@flameeyes.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net> Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Kars de Jong <jongk@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Krzysztof Kozlowski <krzk@kernel.org> Cc: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org> Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Martin K. Petersen <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Olof Johansson <olof@lixom.net> Cc: Paul Burton <paulburton@kernel.org> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@kernel.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com> Cc: Sargun Dhillon <sargun@sargun.me> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@arm.com> Cc: Sven Schnelle <svens@stackframe.org> Cc: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Cc: Zhou Yanjie <zhouyanjie@wanyeetech.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200616030734.87257-1-nixiaoming@huawei.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-08-07mm: remove unneeded includes of <asm/pgalloc.h>Mike Rapoport
Patch series "mm: cleanup usage of <asm/pgalloc.h>" Most architectures have very similar versions of pXd_alloc_one() and pXd_free_one() for intermediate levels of page table. These patches add generic versions of these functions in <asm-generic/pgalloc.h> and enable use of the generic functions where appropriate. In addition, functions declared and defined in <asm/pgalloc.h> headers are used mostly by core mm and early mm initialization in arch and there is no actual reason to have the <asm/pgalloc.h> included all over the place. The first patch in this series removes unneeded includes of <asm/pgalloc.h> In the end it didn't work out as neatly as I hoped and moving pXd_alloc_track() definitions to <asm-generic/pgalloc.h> would require unnecessary changes to arches that have custom page table allocations, so I've decided to move lib/ioremap.c to mm/ and make pgalloc-track.h local to mm/. This patch (of 8): In most cases <asm/pgalloc.h> header is required only for allocations of page table memory. Most of the .c files that include that header do not use symbols declared in <asm/pgalloc.h> and do not require that header. As for the other header files that used to include <asm/pgalloc.h>, it is possible to move that include into the .c file that actually uses symbols from <asm/pgalloc.h> and drop the include from the header file. The process was somewhat automated using sed -i -E '/[<"]asm\/pgalloc\.h/d' \ $(grep -L -w -f /tmp/xx \ $(git grep -E -l '[<"]asm/pgalloc\.h')) where /tmp/xx contains all the symbols defined in arch/*/include/asm/pgalloc.h. [rppt@linux.ibm.com: fix powerpc warning] Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> [m68k] Cc: Abdul Haleem <abdhalee@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@csgroup.eu> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Satheesh Rajendran <sathnaga@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200627143453.31835-1-rppt@kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200627143453.31835-2-rppt@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-08-04Merge tag 'close-range-v5.9' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux Pull close_range() implementation from Christian Brauner: "This adds the close_range() syscall. It allows to efficiently close a range of file descriptors up to all file descriptors of a calling task. This is coordinated with the FreeBSD folks which have copied our version of this syscall and in the meantime have already merged it in April 2019: https://reviews.freebsd.org/D21627 https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=359836 The syscall originally came up in a discussion around the new mount API and making new file descriptor types cloexec by default. During this discussion, Al suggested the close_range() syscall. First, it helps to close all file descriptors of an exec()ing task. This can be done safely via (quoting Al's example from [1] verbatim): /* that exec is sensitive */ unshare(CLONE_FILES); /* we don't want anything past stderr here */ close_range(3, ~0U); execve(....); The code snippet above is one way of working around the problem that file descriptors are not cloexec by default. This is aggravated by the fact that we can't just switch them over without massively regressing userspace. For a whole class of programs having an in-kernel method of closing all file descriptors is very helpful (e.g. demons, service managers, programming language standard libraries, container managers etc.). Second, it allows userspace to avoid implementing closing all file descriptors by parsing through /proc/<pid>/fd/* and calling close() on each file descriptor and other hacks. From looking at various large(ish) userspace code bases this or similar patterns are very common in service managers, container runtimes, and programming language runtimes/standard libraries such as Python or Rust. In addition, the syscall will also work for tasks that do not have procfs mounted and on kernels that do not have procfs support compiled in. In such situations the only way to make sure that all file descriptors are closed is to call close() on each file descriptor up to UINT_MAX or RLIMIT_NOFILE, OPEN_MAX trickery. Based on Linus' suggestion close_range() also comes with a new flag CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE to more elegantly handle file descriptor dropping right before exec. This would usually be expressed in the sequence: unshare(CLONE_FILES); close_range(3, ~0U); as pointed out by Linus it might be desirable to have this be a part of close_range() itself under a new flag CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE which gets especially handy when we're closing all file descriptors above a certain threshold. Test-suite as always included" * tag 'close-range-v5.9' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux: tests: add CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE tests close_range: add CLOSE_RANGE_UNSHARE tests: add close_range() tests arch: wire-up close_range() open: add close_range()
2020-07-04arch: rename copy_thread_tls() back to copy_thread()Christian Brauner
Now that HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS has been removed, rename copy_thread_tls() back simply copy_thread(). It's a simpler name, and doesn't imply that only tls is copied here. This finishes an outstanding chunk of internal process creation work since we've added clone3(). Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Acked-by: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>A Acked-by: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Acked-by: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>A Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
2020-07-04alpha: switch to copy_thread_tls()Christian Brauner
Use the copy_thread_tls() calling convention which passes tls through a register. This is required so we can remove the copy_thread{_tls}() split and remove the HAVE_COPY_THREAD_TLS macro. Cc: linux-alpha@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
2020-06-17arch: wire-up close_range()Christian Brauner
This wires up the close_range() syscall into all arches at once. Suggested-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc) Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Dmitry V. Levin <ldv@altlinux.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com> Cc: linux-api@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-alpha@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org Cc: linux-ia64@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-m68k@lists.linux-m68k.org Cc: linux-mips@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-parisc@vger.kernel.org Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-sh@vger.kernel.org Cc: sparclinux@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-xtensa@linux-xtensa.org Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org Cc: x86@kernel.org
2020-06-12alpha: Fix build around srm_sysrq_reboot_opJoerg Roedel
The patch introducing the struct was probably never compile tested, because it sets a handler with a wrong function signature. Wrap the handler into a functions with the correct signature to fix the build. Fixes: 0f1c9688a194 ("tty/sysrq: alpha: export and use __sysrq_get_key_op()") Cc: Emil Velikov <emil.l.velikov@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> Tested-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net> Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: c_next should increase position indexMatt Turner
Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: Replace sg++ with sg = sg_next(sg)Xu Wang
Replace sg++ with sg = sg_next(sg). Signed-off-by: Xu Wang <vulab@iscas.ac.cn> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: fix memory barriers so that they conform to the specificationMikulas Patocka
The commits cd0e00c10672 and 92d7223a7423 broke boot on the Alpha Avanti platform. The patches move memory barriers after a write before the write. The result is that if there's iowrite followed by ioread, there is no barrier between them. The Alpha architecture allows reordering of the accesses to the I/O space, and the missing barrier between write and read causes hang with serial port and real time clock. This patch makes barriers confiorm to the specification. 1. We add mb() before readX_relaxed and writeX_relaxed - memory-barriers.txt claims that these functions must be ordered w.r.t. each other. Alpha doesn't order them, so we need an explicit barrier. 2. We add mb() before reads from the I/O space - so that if there's a write followed by a read, there should be a barrier between them. Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com> Fixes: cd0e00c10672 ("alpha: io: reorder barriers to guarantee writeX() and iowriteX() ordering") Fixes: 92d7223a7423 ("alpha: io: reorder barriers to guarantee writeX() and iowriteX() ordering #2") Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # v4.17+ Acked-by: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Reviewed-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <macro@linux-mips.org> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: remove unneeded semicolon in sys_eiger.cJason Yan
Fix the following coccicheck warning: arch/alpha/kernel/sys_eiger.c:179:2-3: Unneeded semicolon Signed-off-by: Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: remove unneeded semicolon in osf_sys.cJason Yan
Fix the following coccicheck warning: arch/alpha/kernel/osf_sys.c:680:2-3: Unneeded semicolon Signed-off-by: Jason Yan <yanaijie@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: Replace strncmp with str_has_prefixChuhong Yuan
In commit b6b2735514bc ("tracing: Use str_has_prefix() instead of using fixed sizes") the newly introduced str_has_prefix() was used to replace error-prone strncmp(str, const, len). Here fix codes with the same pattern. Signed-off-by: Chuhong Yuan <hslester96@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-12alpha: fix rtc port rangesMikulas Patocka
Alpha incorrectly reports "0070-0080 : rtc" in /proc/ioports. Fix this, so that it is "0070-007f". Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
2020-06-09mmap locking API: use coccinelle to convert mmap_sem rwsem call sitesMichel Lespinasse
This change converts the existing mmap_sem rwsem calls to use the new mmap locking API instead. The change is generated using coccinelle with the following rule: // spatch --sp-file mmap_lock_api.cocci --in-place --include-headers --dir . @@ expression mm; @@ ( -init_rwsem +mmap_init_lock | -down_write +mmap_write_lock | -down_write_killable +mmap_write_lock_killable | -down_write_trylock +mmap_write_trylock | -up_write +mmap_write_unlock | -downgrade_write +mmap_write_downgrade | -down_read +mmap_read_lock | -down_read_killable +mmap_read_lock_killable | -down_read_trylock +mmap_read_trylock | -up_read +mmap_read_unlock ) -(&mm->mmap_sem) +(mm) Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Daniel Jordan <daniel.m.jordan@oracle.com> Reviewed-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> Cc: Liam Howlett <Liam.Howlett@oracle.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200520052908.204642-5-walken@google.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-09mm: reorder includes after introduction of linux/pgtable.hMike Rapoport
The replacement of <asm/pgrable.h> with <linux/pgtable.h> made the include of the latter in the middle of asm includes. Fix this up with the aid of the below script and manual adjustments here and there. import sys import re if len(sys.argv) is not 3: print "USAGE: %s <file> <header>" % (sys.argv[0]) sys.exit(1) hdr_to_move="#include <linux/%s>" % sys.argv[2] moved = False in_hdrs = False with open(sys.argv[1], "r") as f: lines = f.readlines() for _line in lines: line = _line.rstrip(' ') if line == hdr_to_move: continue if line.startswith("#include <linux/"): in_hdrs = True elif not moved and in_hdrs: moved = True print hdr_to_move print line Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Cain <bcain@codeaurora.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Ley Foon Tan <ley.foon.tan@intel.com> Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200514170327.31389-4-rppt@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-09mm: introduce include/linux/pgtable.hMike Rapoport
The include/linux/pgtable.h is going to be the home of generic page table manipulation functions. Start with moving asm-generic/pgtable.h to include/linux/pgtable.h and make the latter include asm/pgtable.h. Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Cain <bcain@codeaurora.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Ley Foon Tan <ley.foon.tan@intel.com> Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200514170327.31389-3-rppt@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-09mm: don't include asm/pgtable.h if linux/mm.h is already includedMike Rapoport
Patch series "mm: consolidate definitions of page table accessors", v2. The low level page table accessors (pXY_index(), pXY_offset()) are duplicated across all architectures and sometimes more than once. For instance, we have 31 definition of pgd_offset() for 25 supported architectures. Most of these definitions are actually identical and typically it boils down to, e.g. static inline unsigned long pmd_index(unsigned long address) { return (address >> PMD_SHIFT) & (PTRS_PER_PMD - 1); } static inline pmd_t *pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long address) { return (pmd_t *)pud_page_vaddr(*pud) + pmd_index(address); } These definitions can be shared among 90% of the arches provided XYZ_SHIFT, PTRS_PER_XYZ and xyz_page_vaddr() are defined. For architectures that really need a custom version there is always possibility to override the generic version with the usual ifdefs magic. These patches introduce include/linux/pgtable.h that replaces include/asm-generic/pgtable.h and add the definitions of the page table accessors to the new header. This patch (of 12): The linux/mm.h header includes <asm/pgtable.h> to allow inlining of the functions involving page table manipulations, e.g. pte_alloc() and pmd_alloc(). So, there is no point to explicitly include <asm/pgtable.h> in the files that include <linux/mm.h>. The include statements in such cases are remove with a simple loop: for f in $(git grep -l "include <linux/mm.h>") ; do sed -i -e '/include <asm\/pgtable.h>/ d' $f done Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Brian Cain <bcain@codeaurora.org> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Guan Xuetao <gxt@pku.edu.cn> Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Ley Foon Tan <ley.foon.tan@intel.com> Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org> Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com> Cc: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com> Cc: Vineet Gupta <vgupta@synopsys.com> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200514170327.31389-1-rppt@kernel.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200514170327.31389-2-rppt@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-09kernel: rename show_stack_loglvl() => show_stack()Dmitry Safonov
Now the last users of show_stack() got converted to use an explicit log level, show_stack_loglvl() can drop it's redundant suffix and become once again well known show_stack(). Signed-off-by: Dmitry Safonov <dima@arista.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200418201944.482088-51-dima@arista.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-09alpha: add show_stack_loglvl()Dmitry Safonov
Currently, the log-level of show_stack() depends on a platform realization. It creates situations where the headers are printed with lower log level or higher than the stacktrace (depending on a platform or user). Furthermore, it forces the logic decision from user to an architecture side. In result, some users as sysrq/kdb/etc are doing tricks with temporary rising console_loglevel while printing their messages. And in result it not only may print unwanted messages from other CPUs, but also omit printing at all in the unlucky case where the printk() was deferred. Introducing log-level parameter and KERN_UNSUPPRESSED [1] seems an easier approach than introducing more printk buffers. Also, it will consolidate printings with headers. Introduce show_stack_loglvl(), that eventually will substitute show_stack(). [1]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190528002412.1625-1-dima@arista.com/T/#u Signed-off-by: Dmitry Safonov <dima@arista.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200418201944.482088-3-dima@arista.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-08mm: rename flush_icache_user_range to flush_icache_user_pageChristoph Hellwig
The function currently known as flush_icache_user_range only operates on a single page. Rename it to flush_icache_user_page as we'll need the name flush_icache_user_range for something else soon. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com> Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com> Cc: Jonas Bonn <jonas@southpole.se> Cc: Stefan Kristiansson <stefan.kristiansson@saunalahti.fi> Cc: Stafford Horne <shorne@gmail.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@sifive.com> Cc: Albert Ou <aou@eecs.berkeley.edu> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200515143646.3857579-20-hch@lst.de Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-06-07Merge tag 'tty-5.8-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/tty Pull tty/serial driver updates from Greg KH: "Here is the tty and serial driver updates for 5.8-rc1 Nothing huge at all, just a lot of little serial driver fixes, updates for new devices and features, and other small things. Full details are in the shortlog. All of these have been in linux-next with no issues for a while" * tag 'tty-5.8-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/tty: (67 commits) tty: serial: qcom_geni_serial: Add 51.2MHz frequency support tty: serial: imx: clear Ageing Timer Interrupt in handler serial: 8250_fintek: Add F81966 Support sc16is7xx: Add flag to activate IrDA mode dt-bindings: sc16is7xx: Add flag to activate IrDA mode serial: 8250: Support rs485 bus termination GPIO serial: 8520_port: Fix function param documentation dt-bindings: serial: Add binding for rs485 bus termination GPIO vt: keyboard: avoid signed integer overflow in k_ascii serial: 8250: Enable 16550A variants by default on non-x86 tty: hvc_console, fix crashes on parallel open/close serial: imx: Initialize lock for non-registered console sc16is7xx: Read the LSR register for basic device presence check sc16is7xx: Allow sharing the IRQ line sc16is7xx: Use threaded IRQ sc16is7xx: Always use falling edge IRQ tty: n_gsm: Fix bogus i++ in gsm_data_kick tty: n_gsm: Remove unnecessary test in gsm_print_packet() serial: stm32: add no_console_suspend support tty: serial: fsl_lpuart: Use __maybe_unused instead of #if CONFIG_PM_SLEEP ...
2020-06-04Merge branch 'exec-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull execve updates from Eric Biederman: "Last cycle for the Nth time I ran into bugs and quality of implementation issues related to exec that could not be easily be fixed because of the way exec is implemented. So I have been digging into exec and cleanup up what I can. I don't think I have exec sorted out enough to fix the issues I started with but I have made some headway this cycle with 4 sets of changes. - promised cleanups after introducing exec_update_mutex - trivial cleanups for exec - control flow simplifications - remove the recomputation of bprm->cred The net result is code that is a bit easier to understand and work with and a decrease in the number of lines of code (if you don't count the added tests)" * 'exec-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: (24 commits) exec: Compute file based creds only once exec: Add a per bprm->file version of per_clear binfmt_elf_fdpic: fix execfd build regression selftests/exec: Add binfmt_script regression test exec: Remove recursion from search_binary_handler exec: Generic execfd support exec/binfmt_script: Don't modify bprm->buf and then return -ENOEXEC exec: Move the call of prepare_binprm into search_binary_handler exec: Allow load_misc_binary to call prepare_binprm unconditionally exec: Convert security_bprm_set_creds into security_bprm_repopulate_creds exec: Factor security_bprm_creds_for_exec out of security_bprm_set_creds exec: Teach prepare_exec_creds how exec treats uids & gids exec: Set the point of no return sooner exec: Move handling of the point of no return to the top level exec: Run sync_mm_rss before taking exec_update_mutex exec: Fix spelling of search_binary_handler in a comment exec: Move the comment from above de_thread to above unshare_sighand exec: Rename flush_old_exec begin_new_exec exec: Move most of setup_new_exec into flush_old_exec exec: In setup_new_exec cache current in the local variable me ...
2020-05-21exec: Remove recursion from search_binary_handlerEric W. Biederman
Recursion in kernel code is generally a bad idea as it can overflow the kernel stack. Recursion in exec also hides that the code is looping and that the loop changes bprm->file. Instead of recursing in search_binary_handler have the methods that would recurse set bprm->interpreter and return 0. Modify exec_binprm to loop when bprm->interpreter is set. Consolidate all of the reassignments of bprm->file in that loop to make it clear what is going on. The structure of the new loop in exec_binprm is that all errors return immediately, while successful completion (ret == 0 && !bprm->interpreter) just breaks out of the loop and runs what exec_bprm has always run upon successful completion. Fail if the an interpreter is being call after execfd has been set. The code has never properly handled an interpreter being called with execfd being set and with reassignments of bprm->file and the assignment of bprm->executable in generic code it has finally become possible to test and fail when if this problematic condition happens. With the reassignments of bprm->file and the assignment of bprm->executable moved into the generic code add a test to see if bprm->executable is being reassigned. In search_binary_handler remove the test for !bprm->file. With all reassignments of bprm->file moved to exec_binprm bprm->file can never be NULL in search_binary_handler. Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87sgfwyd84.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-05-21exec: Move the call of prepare_binprm into search_binary_handlerEric W. Biederman
The code in prepare_binary_handler needs to be run every time search_binary_handler is called so move the call into search_binary_handler itself to make the code simpler and easier to understand. Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/87d070zrvx.fsf_-_@x220.int.ebiederm.org Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2020-05-15alpha: constify sysrq_key_opEmil Velikov
With earlier commits, the API no longer discards the const-ness of the sysrq_key_op. As such we can add the notation. Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.com> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: linux-alpha@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Emil Velikov <emil.l.velikov@gmail.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200513214351.2138580-4-emil.l.velikov@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2020-05-15tty/sysrq: alpha: export and use __sysrq_get_key_op()Emil Velikov
Export a pointer to the sysrq_get_key_op(). This way we can cleanly unregister it, instead of the current solutions of modifuing it inplace. Since __sysrq_get_key_op() is no longer used externally, let's make it a static function. This patch will allow us to limit access to each and every sysrq op and constify the sysrq handling. Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.com> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: linux-alpha@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Emil Velikov <emil.l.velikov@gmail.com> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200513214351.2138580-1-emil.l.velikov@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2020-05-14vfs: add faccessat2 syscallMiklos Szeredi
POSIX defines faccessat() as having a fourth "flags" argument, while the linux syscall doesn't have it. Glibc tries to emulate AT_EACCESS and AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW, but AT_EACCESS emulation is broken. Add a new faccessat(2) syscall with the added flags argument and implement both flags. The value of AT_EACCESS is defined in glibc headers to be the same as AT_REMOVEDIR. Use this value for the kernel interface as well, together with the explanatory comment. Also add AT_EMPTY_PATH support, which is not documented by POSIX, but can be useful and is trivial to implement. Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@redhat.com>
2020-04-07asm-generic: fix unistd_32.h generation formatMichal Simek
Generated files are also checked by sparse that's why add newline to remove sparse (C=1) warning. The issue was found on Microblaze and reported like this: ./arch/microblaze/include/generated/uapi/asm/unistd_32.h:438:45: warning: no newline at end of file Mips and PowerPC have it already but let's align with style used by m68k. Signed-off-by: Michal Simek <michal.simek@xilinx.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Reviewed-by: Stefan Asserhall <stefan.asserhall@xilinx.com> Acked-by: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> (xtensa) Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com> Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Paul Burton <paulburton@kernel.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/4d32ab4e1fb2edb691d2e1687e8fb303c09fd023.1581504803.git.michal.simek@xilinx.com Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-04-03Merge tag 'pci-v5.7-changes' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/helgaas/pci Pull pci updates from Bjorn Helgaas: "Enumeration: - Revert sysfs "rescan" renames that broke apps (Kelsey Skunberg) - Add more 32 GT/s link speed decoding and improve the implementation (Yicong Yang) Resource management: - Add support for sizing programmable host bridge apertures and fix a related alpha Nautilus regression (Ivan Kokshaysky) Interrupts: - Add boot interrupt quirk mechanism for Xeon chipsets and document boot interrupts (Sean V Kelley) PCIe native device hotplug: - When possible, disable in-band presence detect and use PDS (Alexandru Gagniuc) - Add DMI table for devices that don't use in-band presence detection but don't advertise that correctly (Stuart Hayes) - Fix hang when powering slots up/down via sysfs (Lukas Wunner) - Fix an MSI interrupt race (Stuart Hayes) Virtualization: - Add ACS quirks for Zhaoxin devices (Raymond Pang) Error handling: - Add Error Disconnect Recover (EDR) support so firmware can report devices disconnected via DPC and we can try to recover (Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan) Peer-to-peer DMA: - Add Intel Sky Lake-E Root Ports B, C, D to the whitelist (Andrew Maier) ASPM: - Reduce severity of common clock config message (Chris Packham) - Clear the correct bits when enabling L1 substates, so we don't go to the wrong state (Yicong Yang) Endpoint framework: - Replace EPF linkup ops with notifier call chain and improve locking (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Fix concurrent memory allocation in OB address region (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Move PF function number assignment to EPC core to support multiple function creation methods (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Fix issue with clearing configfs "start" entry (Kunihiko Hayashi) - Fix issue with endpoint MSI-X ignoring BAR Indicator and Table Offset (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Add support for testing DMA transfers (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Add support for testing > 10 endpoint devices (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Add support for tests to clear IRQ (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) - Add common DT schema for endpoint controllers (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) Amlogic Meson PCIe controller driver: - Add DT bindings for AXG PCIe PHY, shared MIPI/PCIe analog PHY (Remi Pommarel) - Add Amlogic AXG PCIe PHY, AXG MIPI/PCIe analog PHY drivers (Remi Pommarel) Cadence PCIe controller driver: - Add Root Complex/Endpoint DT schema for Cadence PCIe (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) Intel VMD host bridge driver: - Add two VMD Device IDs that require bus restriction mode (Sushma Kalakota) Mobiveil PCIe controller driver: - Refactor and modularize mobiveil driver (Hou Zhiqiang) - Add support for Mobiveil GPEX Gen4 host (Hou Zhiqiang) Microsoft Hyper-V host bridge driver: - Add support for Hyper-V PCI protocol version 1.3 and PCI_BUS_RELATIONS2 (Long Li) - Refactor to prepare for virtual PCI on non-x86 architectures (Boqun Feng) - Fix memory leak in hv_pci_probe()'s error path (Dexuan Cui) NVIDIA Tegra PCIe controller driver: - Use pci_parse_request_of_pci_ranges() (Rob Herring) - Add support for endpoint mode and related DT updates (Vidya Sagar) - Reduce -EPROBE_DEFER error message log level (Thierry Reding) Qualcomm PCIe controller driver: - Restrict class fixup to specific Qualcomm devices (Bjorn Andersson) Synopsys DesignWare PCIe controller driver: - Refactor core initialization code for endpoint mode (Vidya Sagar) - Fix endpoint MSI-X to use correct table address (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) TI DRA7xx PCIe controller driver: - Fix MSI IRQ handling (Vignesh Raghavendra) TI Keystone PCIe controller driver: - Allow AM654 endpoint to raise MSI-X interrupt (Kishon Vijay Abraham I) Miscellaneous: - Quirk ASMedia XHCI USB to avoid "PME# from D0" defect (Kai-Heng Feng) - Use ioremap(), not phys_to_virt(), for platform ROM to fix video ROM mapping with CONFIG_HIGHMEM (Mikel Rychliski)" * tag 'pci-v5.7-changes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/helgaas/pci: (96 commits) misc: pci_endpoint_test: remove duplicate macro PCI_ENDPOINT_TEST_STATUS PCI: tegra: Print -EPROBE_DEFER error message at debug level misc: pci_endpoint_test: Use full pci-endpoint-test name in request_irq() misc: pci_endpoint_test: Fix to support > 10 pci-endpoint-test devices tools: PCI: Add 'e' to clear IRQ misc: pci_endpoint_test: Add ioctl to clear IRQ misc: pci_endpoint_test: Avoid using module parameter to determine irqtype PCI: keystone: Allow AM654 PCIe Endpoint to raise MSI-X interrupt PCI: dwc: Fix dw_pcie_ep_raise_msix_irq() to get correct MSI-X table address PCI: endpoint: Fix ->set_msix() to take BIR and offset as arguments misc: pci_endpoint_test: Add support to get DMA option from userspace tools: PCI: Add 'd' command line option to support DMA misc: pci_endpoint_test: Use streaming DMA APIs for buffer allocation PCI: endpoint: functions/pci-epf-test: Print throughput information PCI: endpoint: functions/pci-epf-test: Add DMA support to transfer data PCI: pciehp: Fix MSI interrupt race PCI: pciehp: Fix indefinite wait on sysfs requests PCI: endpoint: Fix clearing start entry in configfs PCI: tegra: Add support for PCIe endpoint mode in Tegra194 PCI: sysfs: Revert "rescan" file renames ...
2020-04-03Merge tag 'spdx-5.7-rc1' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/spdx Pull SPDX updates from Greg KH: "Here are three SPDX patches for 5.7-rc1. One fixes up the SPDX tag for a single driver, while the other two go through the tree and add SPDX tags for all of the .gitignore files as needed. Nothing too complex, but you will get a merge conflict with your current tree, that should be trivial to handle (one file modified by two things, one file deleted.) All three of these have been in linux-next for a while, with no reported issues other than the merge conflict" * tag 'spdx-5.7-rc1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/spdx: ASoC: MT6660: make spdxcheck.py happy .gitignore: add SPDX License Identifier .gitignore: remove too obvious comments
2020-03-30alpha: Fix nautilus PCI setupIvan Kokshaysky
Example (hopefully reasonable) of the new "size_windows" flag usage. Fixes accidental breakage caused by f75b99d5a77d ("PCI: Enforce bus address limits in resource allocation"). Fixes: f75b99d5a77d ("PCI: Enforce bus address limits in resource allocation") Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200318005029.GA8326@mail.rc.ru Tested-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru> Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
2020-03-29alpha: Replace setup_irq() by request_irq()afzal mohammed
request_irq() is preferred over setup_irq(). Invocations of setup_irq() occur after memory allocators are ready. setup_irq() was required in older kernels as the memory allocator was not available during early boot. Hence replace setup_irq() by request_irq(). Signed-off-by: afzal mohammed <afzal.mohd.ma@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Acked-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/51f8ae7da9f47a23596388141933efa2bdef317b.1585320721.git.afzal.mohd.ma@gmail.com
2020-03-25.gitignore: add SPDX License IdentifierMasahiro Yamada
Add SPDX License Identifier to all .gitignore files. Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <masahiroy@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2020-02-04proc: convert everything to "struct proc_ops"Alexey Dobriyan
The most notable change is DEFINE_SHOW_ATTRIBUTE macro split in seq_file.h. Conversion rule is: llseek => proc_lseek unlocked_ioctl => proc_ioctl xxx => proc_xxx delete ".owner = THIS_MODULE" line [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/isdn/capi/kcapi_proc.c] [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: fix kernel/sched/psi.c] Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200122180545.36222f50@canb.auug.org.au Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20191225172546.GB13378@avx2 Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2020-01-29Merge tag 'threads-v5.6' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux Pull thread management updates from Christian Brauner: "Sargun Dhillon over the last cycle has worked on the pidfd_getfd() syscall. This syscall allows for the retrieval of file descriptors of a process based on its pidfd. A task needs to have ptrace_may_access() permissions with PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS (suggested by Oleg and Andy) on the target. One of the main use-cases is in combination with seccomp's user notification feature. As a reminder, seccomp's user notification feature was made available in v5.0. It allows a task to retrieve a file descriptor for its seccomp filter. The file descriptor is usually handed of to a more privileged supervising process. The supervisor can then listen for syscall events caught by the seccomp filter of the supervisee and perform actions in lieu of the supervisee, usually emulating syscalls. pidfd_getfd() is needed to expand its uses. There are currently two major users that wait on pidfd_getfd() and one future user: - Netflix, Sargun said, is working on a service mesh where users should be able to connect to a dns-based VIP. When a user connects to e.g. that runs e.g. service "foo" they will be redirected to an envoy process. This service mesh uses seccomp user notifications and pidfd to intercept all connect calls and instead of connecting them to connects them to e.g. - LXD uses the seccomp notifier heavily to intercept and emulate mknod() and mount() syscalls for unprivileged containers/processes. With pidfd_getfd() more uses-cases e.g. bridging socket connections will be possible. - The patchset has also seen some interest from the browser corner. Right now, Firefox is using a SECCOMP_RET_TRAP sandbox managed by a broker process. In the future glibc will start blocking all signals during dlopen() rendering this type of sandbox impossible. Hence, in the future Firefox will switch to a seccomp-user-nofication based sandbox which also makes use of file descriptor retrieval. The thread for this can be found at https://sourceware.org/ml/libc-alpha/2019-12/msg00079.html With pidfd_getfd() it is e.g. possible to bridge socket connections for the supervisee (binding to a privileged port) and taking actions on file descriptors on behalf of the supervisee in general. Sargun's first version was using an ioctl on pidfds but various people pushed for it to be a proper syscall which he duely implemented as well over various review cycles. Selftests are of course included. I've also added instructions how to deal with merge conflicts below. There's also a small fix coming from the kernel mentee project to correctly annotate struct sighand_struct with __rcu to fix various sparse warnings. We've received a few more such fixes and even though they are mostly trivial I've decided to postpone them until after -rc1 since they came in rather late and I don't want to risk introducing build warnings. Finally, there's a new prctl() command PR_{G,S}ET_IO_FLUSHER which is needed to avoid allocation recursions triggerable by storage drivers that have userspace parts that run in the IO path (e.g. dm-multipath, iscsi, etc). These allocation recursions deadlock the device. The new prctl() allows such privileged userspace components to avoid allocation recursions by setting the PF_MEMALLOC_NOIO and PF_LESS_THROTTLE flags. The patch carries the necessary acks from the relevant maintainers and is routed here as part of prctl() thread-management." * tag 'threads-v5.6' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/brauner/linux: prctl: PR_{G,S}ET_IO_FLUSHER to support controlling memory reclaim sched.h: Annotate sighand_struct with __rcu test: Add test for pidfd getfd arch: wire up pidfd_getfd syscall pid: Implement pidfd_getfd syscall vfs, fdtable: Add fget_task helper
2020-01-29Merge branch 'work.openat2' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull openat2 support from Al Viro: "This is the openat2() series from Aleksa Sarai. I'm afraid that the rest of namei stuff will have to wait - it got zero review the last time I'd posted #work.namei, and there had been a leak in the posted series I'd caught only last weekend. I was going to repost it on Monday, but the window opened and the odds of getting any review during that... Oh, well. Anyway, openat2 part should be ready; that _did_ get sane amount of review and public testing, so here it comes" From Aleksa's description of the series: "For a very long time, extending openat(2) with new features has been incredibly frustrating. This stems from the fact that openat(2) is possibly the most famous counter-example to the mantra "don't silently accept garbage from userspace" -- it doesn't check whether unknown flags are present[1]. This means that (generally) the addition of new flags to openat(2) has been fraught with backwards-compatibility issues (O_TMPFILE has to be defined as __O_TMPFILE|O_DIRECTORY|[O_RDWR or O_WRONLY] to ensure old kernels gave errors, since it's insecure to silently ignore the flag[2]). All new security-related flags therefore have a tough road to being added to openat(2). Furthermore, the need for some sort of control over VFS's path resolution (to avoid malicious paths resulting in inadvertent breakouts) has been a very long-standing desire of many userspace applications. This patchset is a revival of Al Viro's old AT_NO_JUMPS[3] patchset (which was a variant of David Drysdale's O_BENEATH patchset[4] which was a spin-off of the Capsicum project[5]) with a few additions and changes made based on the previous discussion within [6] as well as others I felt were useful. In line with the conclusions of the original discussion of AT_NO_JUMPS, the flag has been split up into separate flags. However, instead of being an openat(2) flag it is provided through a new syscall openat2(2) which provides several other improvements to the openat(2) interface (see the patch description for more details). The following new LOOKUP_* flags are added: LOOKUP_NO_XDEV: Blocks all mountpoint crossings (upwards, downwards, or through absolute links). Absolute pathnames alone in openat(2) do not trigger this. Magic-link traversal which implies a vfsmount jump is also blocked (though magic-link jumps on the same vfsmount are permitted). LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS: Blocks resolution through /proc/$pid/fd-style links. This is done by blocking the usage of nd_jump_link() during resolution in a filesystem. The term "magic-links" is used to match with the only reference to these links in Documentation/, but I'm happy to change the name. It should be noted that this is different to the scope of ~LOOKUP_FOLLOW in that it applies to all path components. However, you can do openat2(NO_FOLLOW|NO_MAGICLINKS) on a magic-link and it will *not* fail (assuming that no parent component was a magic-link), and you will have an fd for the magic-link. In order to correctly detect magic-links, the introduction of a new LOOKUP_MAGICLINK_JUMPED state flag was required. LOOKUP_BENEATH: Disallows escapes to outside the starting dirfd's tree, using techniques such as ".." or absolute links. Absolute paths in openat(2) are also disallowed. Conceptually this flag is to ensure you "stay below" a certain point in the filesystem tree -- but this requires some additional to protect against various races that would allow escape using "..". Currently LOOKUP_BENEATH implies LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS, because it can trivially beam you around the filesystem (breaking the protection). In future, there might be similar safety checks done as in LOOKUP_IN_ROOT, but that requires more discussion. In addition, two new flags are added that expand on the above ideas: LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS: Does what it says on the tin. No symlink resolution is allowed at all, including magic-links. Just as with LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS this can still be used with NOFOLLOW to open an fd for the symlink as long as no parent path had a symlink component. LOOKUP_IN_ROOT: This is an extension of LOOKUP_BENEATH that, rather than blocking attempts to move past the root, forces all such movements to be scoped to the starting point. This provides chroot(2)-like protection but without the cost of a chroot(2) for each filesystem operation, as well as being safe against race attacks that chroot(2) is not. If a race is detected (as with LOOKUP_BENEATH) then an error is generated, and similar to LOOKUP_BENEATH it is not permitted to cross magic-links with LOOKUP_IN_ROOT. The primary need for this is from container runtimes, which currently need to do symlink scoping in userspace[7] when opening paths in a potentially malicious container. There is a long list of CVEs that could have bene mitigated by having RESOLVE_THIS_ROOT (such as CVE-2017-1002101, CVE-2017-1002102, CVE-2018-15664, and CVE-2019-5736, just to name a few). In order to make all of the above more usable, I'm working on libpathrs[8] which is a C-friendly library for safe path resolution. It features a userspace-emulated backend if the kernel doesn't support openat2(2). Hopefully we can get userspace to switch to using it, and thus get openat2(2) support for free once it's ready. Future work would include implementing things like RESOLVE_NO_AUTOMOUNT and possibly a RESOLVE_NO_REMOTE (to allow programs to be sure they don't hit DoSes though stale NFS handles)" * 'work.openat2' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: Documentation: path-lookup: include new LOOKUP flags selftests: add openat2(2) selftests open: introduce openat2(2) syscall namei: LOOKUP_{IN_ROOT,BENEATH}: permit limited ".." resolution namei: LOOKUP_IN_ROOT: chroot-like scoped resolution namei: LOOKUP_BENEATH: O_BENEATH-like scoped resolution namei: LOOKUP_NO_XDEV: block mountpoint crossing namei: LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS: block magic-link resolution namei: LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS: block symlink resolution namei: allow set_root() to produce errors namei: allow nd_jump_link() to produce errors nsfs: clean-up ns_get_path() signature to return int namei: only return -ECHILD from follow_dotdot_rcu()
2020-01-18open: introduce openat2(2) syscallAleksa Sarai
/* Background. */ For a very long time, extending openat(2) with new features has been incredibly frustrating. This stems from the fact that openat(2) is possibly the most famous counter-example to the mantra "don't silently accept garbage from userspace" -- it doesn't check whether unknown flags are present[1]. This means that (generally) the addition of new flags to openat(2) has been fraught with backwards-compatibility issues (O_TMPFILE has to be defined as __O_TMPFILE|O_DIRECTORY|[O_RDWR or O_WRONLY] to ensure old kernels gave errors, since it's insecure to silently ignore the flag[2]). All new security-related flags therefore have a tough road to being added to openat(2). Userspace also has a hard time figuring out whether a particular flag is supported on a particular kernel. While it is now possible with contemporary kernels (thanks to [3]), older kernels will expose unknown flag bits through fcntl(F_GETFL). Giving a clear -EINVAL during openat(2) time matches modern syscall designs and is far more fool-proof. In addition, the newly-added path resolution restriction LOOKUP flags (which we would like to expose to user-space) don't feel related to the pre-existing O_* flag set -- they affect all components of path lookup. We'd therefore like to add a new flag argument. Adding a new syscall allows us to finally fix the flag-ignoring problem, and we can make it extensible enough so that we will hopefully never need an openat3(2). /* Syscall Prototype. */ /* * open_how is an extensible structure (similar in interface to * clone3(2) or sched_setattr(2)). The size parameter must be set to * sizeof(struct open_how), to allow for future extensions. All future * extensions will be appended to open_how, with their zero value * acting as a no-op default. */ struct open_how { /* ... */ }; int openat2(int dfd, const char *pathname, struct open_how *how, size_t size); /* Description. */ The initial version of 'struct open_how' contains the following fields: flags Used to specify openat(2)-style flags. However, any unknown flag bits or otherwise incorrect flag combinations (like O_PATH|O_RDWR) will result in -EINVAL. In addition, this field is 64-bits wide to allow for more O_ flags than currently permitted with openat(2). mode The file mode for O_CREAT or O_TMPFILE. Must be set to zero if flags does not contain O_CREAT or O_TMPFILE. resolve Restrict path resolution (in contrast to O_* flags they affect all path components). The current set of flags are as follows (at the moment, all of the RESOLVE_ flags are implemented as just passing the corresponding LOOKUP_ flag). RESOLVE_NO_XDEV => LOOKUP_NO_XDEV RESOLVE_NO_SYMLINKS => LOOKUP_NO_SYMLINKS RESOLVE_NO_MAGICLINKS => LOOKUP_NO_MAGICLINKS RESOLVE_BENEATH => LOOKUP_BENEATH RESOLVE_IN_ROOT => LOOKUP_IN_ROOT open_how does not contain an embedded size field, because it is of little benefit (userspace can figure out the kernel open_how size at runtime fairly easily without it). It also only contains u64s (even though ->mode arguably should be a u16) to avoid having padding fields which are never used in the future. Note that as a result of the new how->flags handling, O_PATH|O_TMPFILE is no longer permitted for openat(2). As far as I can tell, this has always been a bug and appears to not be used by userspace (and I've not seen any problems on my machines by disallowing it). If it turns out this breaks something, we can special-case it and only permit it for openat(2) but not openat2(2). After input from Florian Weimer, the new open_how and flag definitions are inside a separate header from uapi/linux/fcntl.h, to avoid problems that glibc has with importing that header. /* Testing. */ In a follow-up patch there are over 200 selftests which ensure that this syscall has the correct semantics and will correctly handle several attack scenarios. In addition, I've written a userspace library[4] which provides convenient wrappers around openat2(RESOLVE_IN_ROOT) (this is necessary because no other syscalls support RESOLVE_IN_ROOT, and thus lots of care must be taken when using RESOLVE_IN_ROOT'd file descriptors with other syscalls). During the development of this patch, I've run numerous verification tests using libpathrs (showing that the API is reasonably usable by userspace). /* Future Work. */ Additional RESOLVE_ flags have been suggested during the review period. These can be easily implemented separately (such as blocking auto-mount during resolution). Furthermore, there are some other proposed changes to the openat(2) interface (the most obvious example is magic-link hardening[5]) which would be a good opportunity to add a way for userspace to restrict how O_PATH file descriptors can be re-opened. Another possible avenue of future work would be some kind of CHECK_FIELDS[6] flag which causes the kernel to indicate to userspace which openat2(2) flags and fields are supported by the current kernel (to avoid userspace having to go through several guesses to figure it out). [1]: https://lwn.net/Articles/588444/ [2]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CA+55aFyyxJL1LyXZeBsf2ypriraj5ut1XkNDsunRBqgVjZU_6Q@mail.gmail.com [3]: commit 629e014bb834 ("fs: completely ignore unknown open flags") [4]: https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=17523 [5]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190930183316.10190-2-cyphar@cyphar.com/ [6]: https://youtu.be/ggD-eb3yPVs Suggested-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com> Signed-off-by: Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2020-01-14arch/alpha/setup: Drop dummy_con initializationArvind Sankar
con_init in tty/vt.c will now set conswitchp to dummy_con if it's unset. Drop it from arch setup code. Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20191218214506.49252-4-nivedita@alum.mit.edu Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>