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+/*
+ * arch/m68k/atari/stram.c: Functions for ST-RAM allocations
+ *
+ * Copyright 1994-97 Roman Hodek <Roman.Hodek@informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of this archive
+ * for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
+#include <linux/major.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/shm.h>
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/blkdev.h>
+
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+#include <asm/machdep.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/atarihw.h>
+#include <asm/atari_stram.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/semaphore.h>
+
+#include <linux/swapops.h>
+
+#undef DEBUG
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+#define DPRINTK(fmt,args...) printk( fmt, ##args )
+#else
+#define DPRINTK(fmt,args...)
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_PROC_FS) && defined(CONFIG_STRAM_PROC)
+/* abbrev for the && above... */
+#define DO_PROC
+#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
+#endif
+
+/* Pre-swapping comments:
+ *
+ * ++roman:
+ *
+ * New version of ST-Ram buffer allocation. Instead of using the
+ * 1 MB - 4 KB that remain when the ST-Ram chunk starts at $1000
+ * (1 MB granularity!), such buffers are reserved like this:
+ *
+ * - If the kernel resides in ST-Ram anyway, we can take the buffer
+ * from behind the current kernel data space the normal way
+ * (incrementing start_mem).
+ *
+ * - If the kernel is in TT-Ram, stram_init() initializes start and
+ * end of the available region. Buffers are allocated from there
+ * and mem_init() later marks the such used pages as reserved.
+ * Since each TT-Ram chunk is at least 4 MB in size, I hope there
+ * won't be an overrun of the ST-Ram region by normal kernel data
+ * space.
+ *
+ * For that, ST-Ram may only be allocated while kernel initialization
+ * is going on, or exactly: before mem_init() is called. There is also
+ * no provision now for freeing ST-Ram buffers. It seems that isn't
+ * really needed.
+ *
+ */
+
+/*
+ * New Nov 1997: Use ST-RAM as swap space!
+ *
+ * In the past, there were often problems with modules that require ST-RAM
+ * buffers. Such drivers have to use __get_dma_pages(), which unfortunately
+ * often isn't very successful in allocating more than 1 page :-( [1] The net
+ * result was that most of the time you couldn't insmod such modules (ataflop,
+ * ACSI, SCSI on Falcon, Atari internal framebuffer, not to speak of acsi_slm,
+ * which needs a 1 MB buffer... :-).
+ *
+ * To overcome this limitation, ST-RAM can now be turned into a very
+ * high-speed swap space. If a request for an ST-RAM buffer comes, the kernel
+ * now tries to unswap some pages on that swap device to make some free (and
+ * contiguous) space. This works much better in comparison to
+ * __get_dma_pages(), since used swap pages can be selectively freed by either
+ * moving them to somewhere else in swap space, or by reading them back into
+ * system memory. Ok, there operation of unswapping isn't really cheap (for
+ * each page, one has to go through the page tables of all processes), but it
+ * doesn't happen that often (only when allocation ST-RAM, i.e. when loading a
+ * module that needs ST-RAM). But it at least makes it possible to load such
+ * modules!
+ *
+ * It could also be that overall system performance increases a bit due to
+ * ST-RAM swapping, since slow ST-RAM isn't used anymore for holding data or
+ * executing code in. It's then just a (very fast, compared to disk) back
+ * storage for not-so-often needed data. (But this effect must be compared
+ * with the loss of total memory...) Don't know if the effect is already
+ * visible on a TT, where the speed difference between ST- and TT-RAM isn't
+ * that dramatic, but it should on machines where TT-RAM is really much faster
+ * (e.g. Afterburner).
+ *
+ * [1]: __get_free_pages() does a fine job if you only want one page, but if
+ * you want more (contiguous) pages, it can give you such a block only if
+ * there's already a free one. The algorithm can't try to free buffers or swap
+ * out something in order to make more free space, since all that page-freeing
+ * mechanisms work "target-less", i.e. they just free something, but not in a
+ * specific place. I.e., __get_free_pages() can't do anything to free
+ * *adjacent* pages :-( This situation becomes even worse for DMA memory,
+ * since the freeing algorithms are also blind to DMA capability of pages.
+ */
+
+/* 1998-10-20: ++andreas
+ unswap_by_move disabled because it does not handle swapped shm pages.
+*/
+
+/* 2000-05-01: ++andreas
+ Integrated with bootmem. Remove all traces of unswap_by_move.
+*/
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+#define ALIGN_IF_SWAP(x) PAGE_ALIGN(x)
+#else
+#define ALIGN_IF_SWAP(x) (x)
+#endif
+
+/* get index of swap page at address 'addr' */
+#define SWAP_NR(addr) (((addr) - swap_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+/* get address of swap page #'nr' */
+#define SWAP_ADDR(nr) (swap_start + ((nr) << PAGE_SHIFT))
+
+/* get number of pages for 'n' bytes (already page-aligned) */
+#define N_PAGES(n) ((n) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+
+/* The following two numbers define the maximum fraction of ST-RAM in total
+ * memory, below that the kernel would automatically use ST-RAM as swap
+ * space. This decision can be overridden with stram_swap= */
+#define MAX_STRAM_FRACTION_NOM 1
+#define MAX_STRAM_FRACTION_DENOM 3
+
+/* Start and end (virtual) of ST-RAM */
+static void *stram_start, *stram_end;
+
+/* set after memory_init() executed and allocations via start_mem aren't
+ * possible anymore */
+static int mem_init_done;
+
+/* set if kernel is in ST-RAM */
+static int kernel_in_stram;
+
+typedef struct stram_block {
+ struct stram_block *next;
+ void *start;
+ unsigned long size;
+ unsigned flags;
+ const char *owner;
+} BLOCK;
+
+/* values for flags field */
+#define BLOCK_FREE 0x01 /* free structure in the BLOCKs pool */
+#define BLOCK_KMALLOCED 0x02 /* structure allocated by kmalloc() */
+#define BLOCK_GFP 0x08 /* block allocated with __get_dma_pages() */
+#define BLOCK_INSWAP 0x10 /* block allocated in swap space */
+
+/* list of allocated blocks */
+static BLOCK *alloc_list;
+
+/* We can't always use kmalloc() to allocate BLOCK structures, since
+ * stram_alloc() can be called rather early. So we need some pool of
+ * statically allocated structures. 20 of them is more than enough, so in most
+ * cases we never should need to call kmalloc(). */
+#define N_STATIC_BLOCKS 20
+static BLOCK static_blocks[N_STATIC_BLOCKS];
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+/* max. number of bytes to use for swapping
+ * 0 = no ST-RAM swapping
+ * -1 = do swapping (to whole ST-RAM) if it's less than MAX_STRAM_FRACTION of
+ * total memory
+ */
+static int max_swap_size = -1;
+
+/* start and end of swapping area */
+static void *swap_start, *swap_end;
+
+/* The ST-RAM's swap info structure */
+static struct swap_info_struct *stram_swap_info;
+
+/* The ST-RAM's swap type */
+static int stram_swap_type;
+
+/* Semaphore for get_stram_region. */
+static DECLARE_MUTEX(stram_swap_sem);
+
+/* major and minor device number of the ST-RAM device; for the major, we use
+ * the same as Amiga z2ram, which is really similar and impossible on Atari,
+ * and for the minor a relatively odd number to avoid the user creating and
+ * using that device. */
+#define STRAM_MAJOR Z2RAM_MAJOR
+#define STRAM_MINOR 13
+
+/* Some impossible pointer value */
+#define MAGIC_FILE_P (struct file *)0xffffdead
+
+#ifdef DO_PROC
+static unsigned stat_swap_read;
+static unsigned stat_swap_write;
+static unsigned stat_swap_force;
+#endif /* DO_PROC */
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP */
+
+/***************************** Prototypes *****************************/
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+static int swap_init(void *start_mem, void *swap_data);
+static void *get_stram_region( unsigned long n_pages );
+static void free_stram_region( unsigned long offset, unsigned long n_pages
+ );
+static int in_some_region(void *addr);
+static unsigned long find_free_region( unsigned long n_pages, unsigned long
+ *total_free, unsigned long
+ *region_free );
+static void do_stram_request(request_queue_t *);
+static int stram_open( struct inode *inode, struct file *filp );
+static int stram_release( struct inode *inode, struct file *filp );
+static void reserve_region(void *start, void *end);
+#endif
+static BLOCK *add_region( void *addr, unsigned long size );
+static BLOCK *find_region( void *addr );
+static int remove_region( BLOCK *block );
+
+/************************* End of Prototypes **************************/
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* Public Interface */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+/*
+ * This init function is called very early by atari/config.c
+ * It initializes some internal variables needed for stram_alloc()
+ */
+void __init atari_stram_init(void)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ /* initialize static blocks */
+ for( i = 0; i < N_STATIC_BLOCKS; ++i )
+ static_blocks[i].flags = BLOCK_FREE;
+
+ /* determine whether kernel code resides in ST-RAM (then ST-RAM is the
+ * first memory block at virtual 0x0) */
+ stram_start = phys_to_virt(0);
+ kernel_in_stram = (stram_start == 0);
+
+ for( i = 0; i < m68k_num_memory; ++i ) {
+ if (m68k_memory[i].addr == 0) {
+ /* skip first 2kB or page (supervisor-only!) */
+ stram_end = stram_start + m68k_memory[i].size;
+ return;
+ }
+ }
+ /* Should never come here! (There is always ST-Ram!) */
+ panic( "atari_stram_init: no ST-RAM found!" );
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * This function is called from setup_arch() to reserve the pages needed for
+ * ST-RAM management.
+ */
+void __init atari_stram_reserve_pages(void *start_mem)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ /* if max_swap_size is negative (i.e. no stram_swap= option given),
+ * determine at run time whether to use ST-RAM swapping */
+ if (max_swap_size < 0)
+ /* Use swapping if ST-RAM doesn't make up more than MAX_STRAM_FRACTION
+ * of total memory. In that case, the max. size is set to 16 MB,
+ * because ST-RAM can never be bigger than that.
+ * Also, never use swapping on a Hades, there's no separate ST-RAM in
+ * that machine. */
+ max_swap_size =
+ (!MACH_IS_HADES &&
+ (N_PAGES(stram_end-stram_start)*MAX_STRAM_FRACTION_DENOM <=
+ ((unsigned long)high_memory>>PAGE_SHIFT)*MAX_STRAM_FRACTION_NOM)) ? 16*1024*1024 : 0;
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_reserve_pages: max_swap_size = %d\n", max_swap_size );
+#endif
+
+ /* always reserve first page of ST-RAM, the first 2 kB are
+ * supervisor-only! */
+ if (!kernel_in_stram)
+ reserve_bootmem (0, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ {
+ void *swap_data;
+
+ start_mem = (void *) PAGE_ALIGN ((unsigned long) start_mem);
+ /* determine first page to use as swap: if the kernel is
+ in TT-RAM, this is the first page of (usable) ST-RAM;
+ otherwise just use the end of kernel data (= start_mem) */
+ swap_start = !kernel_in_stram ? stram_start + PAGE_SIZE : start_mem;
+ /* decrement by one page, rest of kernel assumes that first swap page
+ * is always reserved and maybe doesn't handle swp_entry == 0
+ * correctly */
+ swap_start -= PAGE_SIZE;
+ swap_end = stram_end;
+ if (swap_end-swap_start > max_swap_size)
+ swap_end = swap_start + max_swap_size;
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_reserve_pages: swapping enabled; "
+ "swap=%p-%p\n", swap_start, swap_end);
+
+ /* reserve some amount of memory for maintainance of
+ * swapping itself: one page for each 2048 (PAGE_SIZE/2)
+ * swap pages. (2 bytes for each page) */
+ swap_data = start_mem;
+ start_mem += ((SWAP_NR(swap_end) + PAGE_SIZE/2 - 1)
+ >> (PAGE_SHIFT-1)) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+ /* correct swap_start if necessary */
+ if (swap_start + PAGE_SIZE == swap_data)
+ swap_start = start_mem - PAGE_SIZE;
+
+ if (!swap_init( start_mem, swap_data )) {
+ printk( KERN_ERR "ST-RAM swap space initialization failed\n" );
+ max_swap_size = 0;
+ return;
+ }
+ /* reserve region for swapping meta-data */
+ reserve_region(swap_data, start_mem);
+ /* reserve swapping area itself */
+ reserve_region(swap_start + PAGE_SIZE, swap_end);
+
+ /*
+ * If the whole ST-RAM is used for swapping, there are no allocatable
+ * dma pages left. But unfortunately, some shared parts of the kernel
+ * (particularly the SCSI mid-level) call __get_dma_pages()
+ * unconditionally :-( These calls then fail, and scsi.c even doesn't
+ * check for NULL return values and just crashes. The quick fix for
+ * this (instead of doing much clean up work in the SCSI code) is to
+ * pretend all pages are DMA-able by setting mach_max_dma_address to
+ * ULONG_MAX. This doesn't change any functionality so far, since
+ * get_dma_pages() shouldn't be used on Atari anyway anymore (better
+ * use atari_stram_alloc()), and the Atari SCSI drivers don't need DMA
+ * memory. But unfortunately there's now no kind of warning (even not
+ * a NULL return value) if you use get_dma_pages() nevertheless :-(
+ * You just will get non-DMA-able memory...
+ */
+ mach_max_dma_address = 0xffffffff;
+ }
+#endif
+}
+
+void atari_stram_mem_init_hook (void)
+{
+ mem_init_done = 1;
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * This is main public interface: somehow allocate a ST-RAM block
+ * There are three strategies:
+ *
+ * - If we're before mem_init(), we have to make a static allocation. The
+ * region is taken in the kernel data area (if the kernel is in ST-RAM) or
+ * from the start of ST-RAM (if the kernel is in TT-RAM) and added to the
+ * rsvd_stram_* region. The ST-RAM is somewhere in the middle of kernel
+ * address space in the latter case.
+ *
+ * - If mem_init() already has been called and ST-RAM swapping is enabled,
+ * try to get the memory from the (pseudo) swap-space, either free already
+ * or by moving some other pages out of the swap.
+ *
+ * - If mem_init() already has been called, and ST-RAM swapping is not
+ * enabled, the only possibility is to try with __get_dma_pages(). This has
+ * the disadvantage that it's very hard to get more than 1 page, and it is
+ * likely to fail :-(
+ *
+ */
+void *atari_stram_alloc(long size, const char *owner)
+{
+ void *addr = NULL;
+ BLOCK *block;
+ int flags;
+
+ DPRINTK("atari_stram_alloc(size=%08lx,owner=%s)\n", size, owner);
+
+ size = ALIGN_IF_SWAP(size);
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_alloc: rounded size = %08lx\n", size );
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ if (max_swap_size) {
+ /* If swapping is active: make some free space in the swap
+ "device". */
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_alloc: after mem_init, swapping ok, "
+ "calling get_region\n" );
+ addr = get_stram_region( N_PAGES(size) );
+ flags = BLOCK_INSWAP;
+ }
+ else
+#endif
+ if (!mem_init_done)
+ return alloc_bootmem_low(size);
+ else {
+ /* After mem_init() and no swapping: can only resort to
+ * __get_dma_pages() */
+ addr = (void *)__get_dma_pages(GFP_KERNEL, get_order(size));
+ flags = BLOCK_GFP;
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_alloc: after mem_init, swapping off, "
+ "get_pages=%p\n", addr );
+ }
+
+ if (addr) {
+ if (!(block = add_region( addr, size ))) {
+ /* out of memory for BLOCK structure :-( */
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_alloc: out of mem for BLOCK -- "
+ "freeing again\n" );
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ if (flags == BLOCK_INSWAP)
+ free_stram_region( SWAP_NR(addr), N_PAGES(size) );
+ else
+#endif
+ free_pages((unsigned long)addr, get_order(size));
+ return( NULL );
+ }
+ block->owner = owner;
+ block->flags |= flags;
+ }
+ return( addr );
+}
+
+void atari_stram_free( void *addr )
+
+{
+ BLOCK *block;
+
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_free(addr=%p)\n", addr );
+
+ if (!(block = find_region( addr ))) {
+ printk( KERN_ERR "Attempt to free non-allocated ST-RAM block at %p "
+ "from %p\n", addr, __builtin_return_address(0) );
+ return;
+ }
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_free: found block (%p): size=%08lx, owner=%s, "
+ "flags=%02x\n", block, block->size, block->owner, block->flags );
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ if (!max_swap_size) {
+#endif
+ if (block->flags & BLOCK_GFP) {
+ DPRINTK("atari_stram_free: is kmalloced, order_size=%d\n",
+ get_order(block->size));
+ free_pages((unsigned long)addr, get_order(block->size));
+ }
+ else
+ goto fail;
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ }
+ else if (block->flags & BLOCK_INSWAP) {
+ DPRINTK( "atari_stram_free: is swap-alloced\n" );
+ free_stram_region( SWAP_NR(block->start), N_PAGES(block->size) );
+ }
+ else
+ goto fail;
+#endif
+ remove_region( block );
+ return;
+
+ fail:
+ printk( KERN_ERR "atari_stram_free: cannot free block at %p "
+ "(called from %p)\n", addr, __builtin_return_address(0) );
+}
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* Main Swapping Functions */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+
+/*
+ * Initialize ST-RAM swap device
+ * (lots copied and modified from sys_swapon() in mm/swapfile.c)
+ */
+static int __init swap_init(void *start_mem, void *swap_data)
+{
+ static struct dentry fake_dentry;
+ static struct vfsmount fake_vfsmnt;
+ struct swap_info_struct *p;
+ struct inode swap_inode;
+ unsigned int type;
+ void *addr;
+ int i, j, k, prev;
+
+ DPRINTK("swap_init(start_mem=%p, swap_data=%p)\n",
+ start_mem, swap_data);
+
+ /* need at least one page for swapping to (and this also isn't very
+ * much... :-) */
+ if (swap_end - swap_start < 2*PAGE_SIZE) {
+ printk( KERN_WARNING "stram_swap_init: swap space too small\n" );
+ return( 0 );
+ }
+
+ /* find free slot in swap_info */
+ for( p = swap_info, type = 0; type < nr_swapfiles; type++, p++ )
+ if (!(p->flags & SWP_USED))
+ break;
+ if (type >= MAX_SWAPFILES) {
+ printk( KERN_WARNING "stram_swap_init: max. number of "
+ "swap devices exhausted\n" );
+ return( 0 );
+ }
+ if (type >= nr_swapfiles)
+ nr_swapfiles = type+1;
+
+ stram_swap_info = p;
+ stram_swap_type = type;
+
+ /* fake some dir cache entries to give us some name in /dev/swaps */
+ fake_dentry.d_parent = &fake_dentry;
+ fake_dentry.d_name.name = "stram (internal)";
+ fake_dentry.d_name.len = 16;
+ fake_vfsmnt.mnt_parent = &fake_vfsmnt;
+
+ p->flags = SWP_USED;
+ p->swap_file = &fake_dentry;
+ p->swap_vfsmnt = &fake_vfsmnt;
+ p->swap_map = swap_data;
+ p->cluster_nr = 0;
+ p->next = -1;
+ p->prio = 0x7ff0; /* a rather high priority, but not the higest
+ * to give the user a chance to override */
+
+ /* call stram_open() directly, avoids at least the overhead in
+ * constructing a dummy file structure... */
+ swap_inode.i_rdev = MKDEV( STRAM_MAJOR, STRAM_MINOR );
+ stram_open( &swap_inode, MAGIC_FILE_P );
+ p->max = SWAP_NR(swap_end);
+
+ /* initialize swap_map: set regions that are already allocated or belong
+ * to kernel data space to SWAP_MAP_BAD, otherwise to free */
+ j = 0; /* # of free pages */
+ k = 0; /* # of already allocated pages (from pre-mem_init stram_alloc()) */
+ p->lowest_bit = 0;
+ p->highest_bit = 0;
+ for( i = 1, addr = SWAP_ADDR(1); i < p->max;
+ i++, addr += PAGE_SIZE ) {
+ if (in_some_region( addr )) {
+ p->swap_map[i] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
+ ++k;
+ }
+ else if (kernel_in_stram && addr < start_mem ) {
+ p->swap_map[i] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
+ }
+ else {
+ p->swap_map[i] = 0;
+ ++j;
+ if (!p->lowest_bit) p->lowest_bit = i;
+ p->highest_bit = i;
+ }
+ }
+ /* first page always reserved (and doesn't really belong to swap space) */
+ p->swap_map[0] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
+
+ /* now swapping to this device ok */
+ p->pages = j + k;
+ swap_list_lock();
+ nr_swap_pages += j;
+ p->flags = SWP_WRITEOK;
+
+ /* insert swap space into swap_list */
+ prev = -1;
+ for (i = swap_list.head; i >= 0; i = swap_info[i].next) {
+ if (p->prio >= swap_info[i].prio) {
+ break;
+ }
+ prev = i;
+ }
+ p->next = i;
+ if (prev < 0) {
+ swap_list.head = swap_list.next = p - swap_info;
+ } else {
+ swap_info[prev].next = p - swap_info;
+ }
+ swap_list_unlock();
+
+ printk( KERN_INFO "Using %dk (%d pages) of ST-RAM as swap space.\n",
+ p->pages << 2, p->pages );
+ return( 1 );
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * The swap entry has been read in advance, and we return 1 to indicate
+ * that the page has been used or is no longer needed.
+ *
+ * Always set the resulting pte to be nowrite (the same as COW pages
+ * after one process has exited). We don't know just how many PTEs will
+ * share this swap entry, so be cautious and let do_wp_page work out
+ * what to do if a write is requested later.
+ */
+static inline void unswap_pte(struct vm_area_struct * vma, unsigned long
+ address, pte_t *dir, swp_entry_t entry,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ pte_t pte = *dir;
+
+ if (pte_none(pte))
+ return;
+ if (pte_present(pte)) {
+ /* If this entry is swap-cached, then page must already
+ hold the right address for any copies in physical
+ memory */
+ if (pte_page(pte) != page)
+ return;
+ /* We will be removing the swap cache in a moment, so... */
+ set_pte(dir, pte_mkdirty(pte));
+ return;
+ }
+ if (pte_val(pte) != entry.val)
+ return;
+
+ DPRINTK("unswap_pte: replacing entry %08lx by new page %p",
+ entry.val, page);
+ set_pte(dir, pte_mkdirty(mk_pte(page, vma->vm_page_prot)));
+ swap_free(entry);
+ get_page(page);
+ inc_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, rss);
+}
+
+static inline void unswap_pmd(struct vm_area_struct * vma, pmd_t *dir,
+ unsigned long address, unsigned long size,
+ unsigned long offset, swp_entry_t entry,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ pte_t * pte;
+ unsigned long end;
+
+ if (pmd_none(*dir))
+ return;
+ if (pmd_bad(*dir)) {
+ pmd_ERROR(*dir);
+ pmd_clear(dir);
+ return;
+ }
+ pte = pte_offset_kernel(dir, address);
+ offset += address & PMD_MASK;
+ address &= ~PMD_MASK;
+ end = address + size;
+ if (end > PMD_SIZE)
+ end = PMD_SIZE;
+ do {
+ unswap_pte(vma, offset+address-vma->vm_start, pte, entry, page);
+ address += PAGE_SIZE;
+ pte++;
+ } while (address < end);
+}
+
+static inline void unswap_pgd(struct vm_area_struct * vma, pgd_t *dir,
+ unsigned long address, unsigned long size,
+ swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
+{
+ pmd_t * pmd;
+ unsigned long offset, end;
+
+ if (pgd_none(*dir))
+ return;
+ if (pgd_bad(*dir)) {
+ pgd_ERROR(*dir);
+ pgd_clear(dir);
+ return;
+ }
+ pmd = pmd_offset(dir, address);
+ offset = address & PGDIR_MASK;
+ address &= ~PGDIR_MASK;
+ end = address + size;
+ if (end > PGDIR_SIZE)
+ end = PGDIR_SIZE;
+ do {
+ unswap_pmd(vma, pmd, address, end - address, offset, entry,
+ page);
+ address = (address + PMD_SIZE) & PMD_MASK;
+ pmd++;
+ } while (address < end);
+}
+
+static void unswap_vma(struct vm_area_struct * vma, pgd_t *pgdir,
+ swp_entry_t entry, struct page *page)
+{
+ unsigned long start = vma->vm_start, end = vma->vm_end;
+
+ do {
+ unswap_pgd(vma, pgdir, start, end - start, entry, page);
+ start = (start + PGDIR_SIZE) & PGDIR_MASK;
+ pgdir++;
+ } while (start < end);
+}
+
+static void unswap_process(struct mm_struct * mm, swp_entry_t entry,
+ struct page *page)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct* vma;
+
+ /*
+ * Go through process' page directory.
+ */
+ if (!mm)
+ return;
+ for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+ pgd_t * pgd = pgd_offset(mm, vma->vm_start);
+ unswap_vma(vma, pgd, entry, page);
+ }
+}
+
+
+static int unswap_by_read(unsigned short *map, unsigned long max,
+ unsigned long start, unsigned long n_pages)
+{
+ struct task_struct *p;
+ struct page *page;
+ swp_entry_t entry;
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ DPRINTK( "unswapping %lu..%lu by reading in\n",
+ start, start+n_pages-1 );
+
+ for( i = start; i < start+n_pages; ++i ) {
+ if (map[i] == SWAP_MAP_BAD) {
+ printk( KERN_ERR "get_stram_region: page %lu already "
+ "reserved??\n", i );
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (map[i]) {
+ entry = swp_entry(stram_swap_type, i);
+ DPRINTK("unswap: map[i=%lu]=%u nr_swap=%ld\n",
+ i, map[i], nr_swap_pages);
+
+ swap_device_lock(stram_swap_info);
+ map[i]++;
+ swap_device_unlock(stram_swap_info);
+ /* Get a page for the entry, using the existing
+ swap cache page if there is one. Otherwise,
+ get a clean page and read the swap into it. */
+ page = read_swap_cache_async(entry, NULL, 0);
+ if (!page) {
+ swap_free(entry);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+ for_each_process(p)
+ unswap_process(p->mm, entry, page);
+ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+ shmem_unuse(entry, page);
+ /* Now get rid of the extra reference to the
+ temporary page we've been using. */
+ if (PageSwapCache(page))
+ delete_from_swap_cache(page);
+ __free_page(page);
+ #ifdef DO_PROC
+ stat_swap_force++;
+ #endif
+ }
+
+ DPRINTK( "unswap: map[i=%lu]=%u nr_swap=%ld\n",
+ i, map[i], nr_swap_pages );
+ swap_list_lock();
+ swap_device_lock(stram_swap_info);
+ map[i] = SWAP_MAP_BAD;
+ if (stram_swap_info->lowest_bit == i)
+ stram_swap_info->lowest_bit++;
+ if (stram_swap_info->highest_bit == i)
+ stram_swap_info->highest_bit--;
+ --nr_swap_pages;
+ swap_device_unlock(stram_swap_info);
+ swap_list_unlock();
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * reserve a region in ST-RAM swap space for an allocation
+ */
+static void *get_stram_region( unsigned long n_pages )
+{
+ unsigned short *map = stram_swap_info->swap_map;
+ unsigned long max = stram_swap_info->max;
+ unsigned long start, total_free, region_free;
+ int err;
+ void *ret = NULL;
+
+ DPRINTK( "get_stram_region(n_pages=%lu)\n", n_pages );
+
+ down(&stram_swap_sem);
+
+ /* disallow writing to the swap device now */
+ stram_swap_info->flags = SWP_USED;
+
+ /* find a region of n_pages pages in the swap space including as much free
+ * pages as possible (and excluding any already-reserved pages). */
+ if (!(start = find_free_region( n_pages, &total_free, &region_free )))
+ goto end;
+ DPRINTK( "get_stram_region: region starts at %lu, has %lu free pages\n",
+ start, region_free );
+
+ err = unswap_by_read(map, max, start, n_pages);
+ if (err)
+ goto end;
+
+ ret = SWAP_ADDR(start);
+ end:
+ /* allow using swap device again */
+ stram_swap_info->flags = SWP_WRITEOK;
+ up(&stram_swap_sem);
+ DPRINTK( "get_stram_region: returning %p\n", ret );
+ return( ret );
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * free a reserved region in ST-RAM swap space
+ */
+static void free_stram_region( unsigned long offset, unsigned long n_pages )
+{
+ unsigned short *map = stram_swap_info->swap_map;
+
+ DPRINTK( "free_stram_region(offset=%lu,n_pages=%lu)\n", offset, n_pages );
+
+ if (offset < 1 || offset + n_pages > stram_swap_info->max) {
+ printk( KERN_ERR "free_stram_region: Trying to free non-ST-RAM\n" );
+ return;
+ }
+
+ swap_list_lock();
+ swap_device_lock(stram_swap_info);
+ /* un-reserve the freed pages */
+ for( ; n_pages > 0; ++offset, --n_pages ) {
+ if (map[offset] != SWAP_MAP_BAD)
+ printk( KERN_ERR "free_stram_region: Swap page %lu was not "
+ "reserved\n", offset );
+ map[offset] = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* update swapping meta-data */
+ if (offset < stram_swap_info->lowest_bit)
+ stram_swap_info->lowest_bit = offset;
+ if (offset+n_pages-1 > stram_swap_info->highest_bit)
+ stram_swap_info->highest_bit = offset+n_pages-1;
+ if (stram_swap_info->prio > swap_info[swap_list.next].prio)
+ swap_list.next = swap_list.head;
+ nr_swap_pages += n_pages;
+ swap_device_unlock(stram_swap_info);
+ swap_list_unlock();
+}
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* Utility Functions for Swapping */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+
+/* is addr in some of the allocated regions? */
+static int in_some_region(void *addr)
+{
+ BLOCK *p;
+
+ for( p = alloc_list; p; p = p->next ) {
+ if (p->start <= addr && addr < p->start + p->size)
+ return( 1 );
+ }
+ return( 0 );
+}
+
+
+static unsigned long find_free_region(unsigned long n_pages,
+ unsigned long *total_free,
+ unsigned long *region_free)
+{
+ unsigned short *map = stram_swap_info->swap_map;
+ unsigned long max = stram_swap_info->max;
+ unsigned long head, tail, max_start;
+ long nfree, max_free;
+
+ /* first scan the swap space for a suitable place for the allocation */
+ head = 1;
+ max_start = 0;
+ max_free = -1;
+ *total_free = 0;
+
+ start_over:
+ /* increment tail until final window size reached, and count free pages */
+ nfree = 0;
+ for( tail = head; tail-head < n_pages && tail < max; ++tail ) {
+ if (map[tail] == SWAP_MAP_BAD) {
+ head = tail+1;
+ goto start_over;
+ }
+ if (!map[tail]) {
+ ++nfree;
+ ++*total_free;
+ }
+ }
+ if (tail-head < n_pages)
+ goto out;
+ if (nfree > max_free) {
+ max_start = head;
+ max_free = nfree;
+ if (max_free >= n_pages)
+ /* don't need more free pages... :-) */
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* now shift the window and look for the area where as much pages as
+ * possible are free */
+ while( tail < max ) {
+ nfree -= (map[head++] == 0);
+ if (map[tail] == SWAP_MAP_BAD) {
+ head = tail+1;
+ goto start_over;
+ }
+ if (!map[tail]) {
+ ++nfree;
+ ++*total_free;
+ }
+ ++tail;
+ if (nfree > max_free) {
+ max_start = head;
+ max_free = nfree;
+ if (max_free >= n_pages)
+ /* don't need more free pages... :-) */
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ out:
+ if (max_free < 0) {
+ printk( KERN_NOTICE "get_stram_region: ST-RAM too full or fragmented "
+ "-- can't allocate %lu pages\n", n_pages );
+ return( 0 );
+ }
+
+ *region_free = max_free;
+ return( max_start );
+}
+
+
+/* setup parameters from command line */
+void __init stram_swap_setup(char *str, int *ints)
+{
+ if (ints[0] >= 1)
+ max_swap_size = ((ints[1] < 0 ? 0 : ints[1]) * 1024) & PAGE_MASK;
+}
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* ST-RAM device */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+static int refcnt;
+
+static void do_stram_request(request_queue_t *q)
+{
+ struct request *req;
+
+ while ((req = elv_next_request(q)) != NULL) {
+ void *start = swap_start + (req->sector << 9);
+ unsigned long len = req->current_nr_sectors << 9;
+ if ((start + len) > swap_end) {
+ printk( KERN_ERR "stram: bad access beyond end of device: "
+ "block=%ld, count=%d\n",
+ req->sector,
+ req->current_nr_sectors );
+ end_request(req, 0);
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (req->cmd == READ) {
+ memcpy(req->buffer, start, len);
+#ifdef DO_PROC
+ stat_swap_read += N_PAGES(len);
+#endif
+ }
+ else {
+ memcpy(start, req->buffer, len);
+#ifdef DO_PROC
+ stat_swap_write += N_PAGES(len);
+#endif
+ }
+ end_request(req, 1);
+ }
+}
+
+
+static int stram_open( struct inode *inode, struct file *filp )
+{
+ if (filp != MAGIC_FILE_P) {
+ printk( KERN_NOTICE "Only kernel can open ST-RAM device\n" );
+ return( -EPERM );
+ }
+ if (refcnt)
+ return( -EBUSY );
+ ++refcnt;
+ return( 0 );
+}
+
+static int stram_release( struct inode *inode, struct file *filp )
+{
+ if (filp != MAGIC_FILE_P) {
+ printk( KERN_NOTICE "Only kernel can close ST-RAM device\n" );
+ return( -EPERM );
+ }
+ if (refcnt > 0)
+ --refcnt;
+ return( 0 );
+}
+
+
+static struct block_device_operations stram_fops = {
+ .open = stram_open,
+ .release = stram_release,
+};
+
+static struct gendisk *stram_disk;
+static struct request_queue *stram_queue;
+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(stram_lock);
+
+int __init stram_device_init(void)
+{
+ if (!MACH_IS_ATARI)
+ /* no point in initializing this, I hope */
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ if (!max_swap_size)
+ /* swapping not enabled */
+ return -ENXIO;
+ stram_disk = alloc_disk(1);
+ if (!stram_disk)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (register_blkdev(STRAM_MAJOR, "stram")) {
+ put_disk(stram_disk);
+ return -ENXIO;
+ }
+
+ stram_queue = blk_init_queue(do_stram_request, &stram_lock);
+ if (!stram_queue) {
+ unregister_blkdev(STRAM_MAJOR, "stram");
+ put_disk(stram_disk);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ stram_disk->major = STRAM_MAJOR;
+ stram_disk->first_minor = STRAM_MINOR;
+ stram_disk->fops = &stram_fops;
+ stram_disk->queue = stram_queue;
+ sprintf(stram_disk->disk_name, "stram");
+ set_capacity(stram_disk, (swap_end - swap_start)/512);
+ add_disk(stram_disk);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* Misc Utility Functions */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+/* reserve a range of pages */
+static void reserve_region(void *start, void *end)
+{
+ reserve_bootmem (virt_to_phys(start), end - start);
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP */
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* Region Management */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+
+/* insert a region into the alloced list (sorted) */
+static BLOCK *add_region( void *addr, unsigned long size )
+{
+ BLOCK **p, *n = NULL;
+ int i;
+
+ for( i = 0; i < N_STATIC_BLOCKS; ++i ) {
+ if (static_blocks[i].flags & BLOCK_FREE) {
+ n = &static_blocks[i];
+ n->flags = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (!n && mem_init_done) {
+ /* if statics block pool exhausted and we can call kmalloc() already
+ * (after mem_init()), try that */
+ n = kmalloc( sizeof(BLOCK), GFP_KERNEL );
+ if (n)
+ n->flags = BLOCK_KMALLOCED;
+ }
+ if (!n) {
+ printk( KERN_ERR "Out of memory for ST-RAM descriptor blocks\n" );
+ return( NULL );
+ }
+ n->start = addr;
+ n->size = size;
+
+ for( p = &alloc_list; *p; p = &((*p)->next) )
+ if ((*p)->start > addr) break;
+ n->next = *p;
+ *p = n;
+
+ return( n );
+}
+
+
+/* find a region (by start addr) in the alloced list */
+static BLOCK *find_region( void *addr )
+{
+ BLOCK *p;
+
+ for( p = alloc_list; p; p = p->next ) {
+ if (p->start == addr)
+ return( p );
+ if (p->start > addr)
+ break;
+ }
+ return( NULL );
+}
+
+
+/* remove a block from the alloced list */
+static int remove_region( BLOCK *block )
+{
+ BLOCK **p;
+
+ for( p = &alloc_list; *p; p = &((*p)->next) )
+ if (*p == block) break;
+ if (!*p)
+ return( 0 );
+
+ *p = block->next;
+ if (block->flags & BLOCK_KMALLOCED)
+ kfree( block );
+ else
+ block->flags |= BLOCK_FREE;
+ return( 1 );
+}
+
+
+
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+/* /proc statistics file stuff */
+/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
+
+#ifdef DO_PROC
+
+#define PRINT_PROC(fmt,args...) len += sprintf( buf+len, fmt, ##args )
+
+int get_stram_list( char *buf )
+{
+ int len = 0;
+ BLOCK *p;
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ int i;
+ unsigned short *map = stram_swap_info->swap_map;
+ unsigned long max = stram_swap_info->max;
+ unsigned free = 0, used = 0, rsvd = 0;
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ if (max_swap_size) {
+ for( i = 1; i < max; ++i ) {
+ if (!map[i])
+ ++free;
+ else if (map[i] == SWAP_MAP_BAD)
+ ++rsvd;
+ else
+ ++used;
+ }
+ PRINT_PROC(
+ "Total ST-RAM: %8u kB\n"
+ "Total ST-RAM swap: %8lu kB\n"
+ "Free swap: %8u kB\n"
+ "Used swap: %8u kB\n"
+ "Allocated swap: %8u kB\n"
+ "Swap Reads: %8u\n"
+ "Swap Writes: %8u\n"
+ "Swap Forced Reads: %8u\n",
+ (stram_end - stram_start) >> 10,
+ (max-1) << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
+ free << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
+ used << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
+ rsvd << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
+ stat_swap_read,
+ stat_swap_write,
+ stat_swap_force );
+ }
+ else {
+#endif
+ PRINT_PROC( "ST-RAM swapping disabled\n" );
+ PRINT_PROC("Total ST-RAM: %8u kB\n",
+ (stram_end - stram_start) >> 10);
+#ifdef CONFIG_STRAM_SWAP
+ }
+#endif
+
+ PRINT_PROC( "Allocated regions:\n" );
+ for( p = alloc_list; p; p = p->next ) {
+ if (len + 50 >= PAGE_SIZE)
+ break;
+ PRINT_PROC("0x%08lx-0x%08lx: %s (",
+ virt_to_phys(p->start),
+ virt_to_phys(p->start+p->size-1),
+ p->owner);
+ if (p->flags & BLOCK_GFP)
+ PRINT_PROC( "page-alloced)\n" );
+ else if (p->flags & BLOCK_INSWAP)
+ PRINT_PROC( "in swap)\n" );
+ else
+ PRINT_PROC( "??)\n" );
+ }
+
+ return( len );
+}
+
+#endif
+
+
+/*
+ * Local variables:
+ * c-indent-level: 4
+ * tab-width: 4
+ * End:
+ */