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-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/mm/init.c597
1 files changed, 597 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/ia64/mm/init.c b/arch/ia64/mm/init.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..65cf839573ea
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/ia64/mm/init.c
@@ -0,0 +1,597 @@
+/*
+ * Initialize MMU support.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1998-2003 Hewlett-Packard Co
+ * David Mosberger-Tang <davidm@hpl.hp.com>
+ */
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <linux/efi.h>
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/personality.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/swap.h>
+#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+
+#include <asm/a.out.h>
+#include <asm/dma.h>
+#include <asm/ia32.h>
+#include <asm/io.h>
+#include <asm/machvec.h>
+#include <asm/numa.h>
+#include <asm/patch.h>
+#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
+#include <asm/sal.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/system.h>
+#include <asm/tlb.h>
+#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/mca.h>
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers);
+
+extern void ia64_tlb_init (void);
+
+unsigned long MAX_DMA_ADDRESS = PAGE_OFFSET + 0x100000000UL;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_VIRTUAL_MEM_MAP
+unsigned long vmalloc_end = VMALLOC_END_INIT;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmalloc_end);
+struct page *vmem_map;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vmem_map);
+#endif
+
+static int pgt_cache_water[2] = { 25, 50 };
+
+struct page *zero_page_memmap_ptr; /* map entry for zero page */
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(zero_page_memmap_ptr);
+
+void
+check_pgt_cache (void)
+{
+ int low, high;
+
+ low = pgt_cache_water[0];
+ high = pgt_cache_water[1];
+
+ preempt_disable();
+ if (pgtable_cache_size > (u64) high) {
+ do {
+ if (pgd_quicklist)
+ free_page((unsigned long)pgd_alloc_one_fast(NULL));
+ if (pmd_quicklist)
+ free_page((unsigned long)pmd_alloc_one_fast(NULL, 0));
+ } while (pgtable_cache_size > (u64) low);
+ }
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+
+void
+lazy_mmu_prot_update (pte_t pte)
+{
+ unsigned long addr;
+ struct page *page;
+
+ if (!pte_exec(pte))
+ return; /* not an executable page... */
+
+ page = pte_page(pte);
+ addr = (unsigned long) page_address(page);
+
+ if (test_bit(PG_arch_1, &page->flags))
+ return; /* i-cache is already coherent with d-cache */
+
+ flush_icache_range(addr, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
+ set_bit(PG_arch_1, &page->flags); /* mark page as clean */
+}
+
+inline void
+ia64_set_rbs_bot (void)
+{
+ unsigned long stack_size = current->signal->rlim[RLIMIT_STACK].rlim_max & -16;
+
+ if (stack_size > MAX_USER_STACK_SIZE)
+ stack_size = MAX_USER_STACK_SIZE;
+ current->thread.rbs_bot = STACK_TOP - stack_size;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This performs some platform-dependent address space initialization.
+ * On IA-64, we want to setup the VM area for the register backing
+ * store (which grows upwards) and install the gateway page which is
+ * used for signal trampolines, etc.
+ */
+void
+ia64_init_addr_space (void)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+
+ ia64_set_rbs_bot();
+
+ /*
+ * If we're out of memory and kmem_cache_alloc() returns NULL, we simply ignore
+ * the problem. When the process attempts to write to the register backing store
+ * for the first time, it will get a SEGFAULT in this case.
+ */
+ vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
+ if (vma) {
+ memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma));
+ vma->vm_mm = current->mm;
+ vma->vm_start = current->thread.rbs_bot & PAGE_MASK;
+ vma->vm_end = vma->vm_start + PAGE_SIZE;
+ vma->vm_page_prot = protection_map[VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS & 0x7];
+ vma->vm_flags = VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_GROWSUP;
+ down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ if (insert_vm_struct(current->mm, vma)) {
+ up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma);
+ return;
+ }
+ up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ }
+
+ /* map NaT-page at address zero to speed up speculative dereferencing of NULL: */
+ if (!(current->personality & MMAP_PAGE_ZERO)) {
+ vma = kmem_cache_alloc(vm_area_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
+ if (vma) {
+ memset(vma, 0, sizeof(*vma));
+ vma->vm_mm = current->mm;
+ vma->vm_end = PAGE_SIZE;
+ vma->vm_page_prot = __pgprot(pgprot_val(PAGE_READONLY) | _PAGE_MA_NAT);
+ vma->vm_flags = VM_READ | VM_MAYREAD | VM_IO | VM_RESERVED;
+ down_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ if (insert_vm_struct(current->mm, vma)) {
+ up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ kmem_cache_free(vm_area_cachep, vma);
+ return;
+ }
+ up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+void
+free_initmem (void)
+{
+ unsigned long addr, eaddr;
+
+ addr = (unsigned long) ia64_imva(__init_begin);
+ eaddr = (unsigned long) ia64_imva(__init_end);
+ while (addr < eaddr) {
+ ClearPageReserved(virt_to_page(addr));
+ set_page_count(virt_to_page(addr), 1);
+ free_page(addr);
+ ++totalram_pages;
+ addr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Freeing unused kernel memory: %ldkB freed\n",
+ (__init_end - __init_begin) >> 10);
+}
+
+void
+free_initrd_mem (unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ /*
+ * EFI uses 4KB pages while the kernel can use 4KB or bigger.
+ * Thus EFI and the kernel may have different page sizes. It is
+ * therefore possible to have the initrd share the same page as
+ * the end of the kernel (given current setup).
+ *
+ * To avoid freeing/using the wrong page (kernel sized) we:
+ * - align up the beginning of initrd
+ * - align down the end of initrd
+ *
+ * | |
+ * |=============| a000
+ * | |
+ * | |
+ * | | 9000
+ * |/////////////|
+ * |/////////////|
+ * |=============| 8000
+ * |///INITRD////|
+ * |/////////////|
+ * |/////////////| 7000
+ * | |
+ * |KKKKKKKKKKKKK|
+ * |=============| 6000
+ * |KKKKKKKKKKKKK|
+ * |KKKKKKKKKKKKK|
+ * K=kernel using 8KB pages
+ *
+ * In this example, we must free page 8000 ONLY. So we must align up
+ * initrd_start and keep initrd_end as is.
+ */
+ start = PAGE_ALIGN(start);
+ end = end & PAGE_MASK;
+
+ if (start < end)
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Freeing initrd memory: %ldkB freed\n", (end - start) >> 10);
+
+ for (; start < end; start += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ if (!virt_addr_valid(start))
+ continue;
+ page = virt_to_page(start);
+ ClearPageReserved(page);
+ set_page_count(page, 1);
+ free_page(start);
+ ++totalram_pages;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * This installs a clean page in the kernel's page table.
+ */
+struct page *
+put_kernel_page (struct page *page, unsigned long address, pgprot_t pgprot)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *pte;
+
+ if (!PageReserved(page))
+ printk(KERN_ERR "put_kernel_page: page at 0x%p not in reserved memory\n",
+ page_address(page));
+
+ pgd = pgd_offset_k(address); /* note: this is NOT pgd_offset()! */
+
+ spin_lock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ {
+ pud = pud_alloc(&init_mm, pgd, address);
+ if (!pud)
+ goto out;
+
+ pmd = pmd_alloc(&init_mm, pud, address);
+ if (!pmd)
+ goto out;
+ pte = pte_alloc_map(&init_mm, pmd, address);
+ if (!pte)
+ goto out;
+ if (!pte_none(*pte)) {
+ pte_unmap(pte);
+ goto out;
+ }
+ set_pte(pte, mk_pte(page, pgprot));
+ pte_unmap(pte);
+ }
+ out: spin_unlock(&init_mm.page_table_lock);
+ /* no need for flush_tlb */
+ return page;
+}
+
+static void
+setup_gate (void)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+
+ /*
+ * Map the gate page twice: once read-only to export the ELF headers etc. and once
+ * execute-only page to enable privilege-promotion via "epc":
+ */
+ page = virt_to_page(ia64_imva(__start_gate_section));
+ put_kernel_page(page, GATE_ADDR, PAGE_READONLY);
+#ifdef HAVE_BUGGY_SEGREL
+ page = virt_to_page(ia64_imva(__start_gate_section + PAGE_SIZE));
+ put_kernel_page(page, GATE_ADDR + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_GATE);
+#else
+ put_kernel_page(page, GATE_ADDR + PERCPU_PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_GATE);
+#endif
+ ia64_patch_gate();
+}
+
+void __devinit
+ia64_mmu_init (void *my_cpu_data)
+{
+ unsigned long psr, pta, impl_va_bits;
+ extern void __devinit tlb_init (void);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DISABLE_VHPT
+# define VHPT_ENABLE_BIT 0
+#else
+# define VHPT_ENABLE_BIT 1
+#endif
+
+ /* Pin mapping for percpu area into TLB */
+ psr = ia64_clear_ic();
+ ia64_itr(0x2, IA64_TR_PERCPU_DATA, PERCPU_ADDR,
+ pte_val(pfn_pte(__pa(my_cpu_data) >> PAGE_SHIFT, PAGE_KERNEL)),
+ PERCPU_PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ ia64_set_psr(psr);
+ ia64_srlz_i();
+
+ /*
+ * Check if the virtually mapped linear page table (VMLPT) overlaps with a mapped
+ * address space. The IA-64 architecture guarantees that at least 50 bits of
+ * virtual address space are implemented but if we pick a large enough page size
+ * (e.g., 64KB), the mapped address space is big enough that it will overlap with
+ * VMLPT. I assume that once we run on machines big enough to warrant 64KB pages,
+ * IMPL_VA_MSB will be significantly bigger, so this is unlikely to become a
+ * problem in practice. Alternatively, we could truncate the top of the mapped
+ * address space to not permit mappings that would overlap with the VMLPT.
+ * --davidm 00/12/06
+ */
+# define pte_bits 3
+# define mapped_space_bits (3*(PAGE_SHIFT - pte_bits) + PAGE_SHIFT)
+ /*
+ * The virtual page table has to cover the entire implemented address space within
+ * a region even though not all of this space may be mappable. The reason for
+ * this is that the Access bit and Dirty bit fault handlers perform
+ * non-speculative accesses to the virtual page table, so the address range of the
+ * virtual page table itself needs to be covered by virtual page table.
+ */
+# define vmlpt_bits (impl_va_bits - PAGE_SHIFT + pte_bits)
+# define POW2(n) (1ULL << (n))
+
+ impl_va_bits = ffz(~(local_cpu_data->unimpl_va_mask | (7UL << 61)));
+
+ if (impl_va_bits < 51 || impl_va_bits > 61)
+ panic("CPU has bogus IMPL_VA_MSB value of %lu!\n", impl_va_bits - 1);
+
+ /* place the VMLPT at the end of each page-table mapped region: */
+ pta = POW2(61) - POW2(vmlpt_bits);
+
+ if (POW2(mapped_space_bits) >= pta)
+ panic("mm/init: overlap between virtually mapped linear page table and "
+ "mapped kernel space!");
+ /*
+ * Set the (virtually mapped linear) page table address. Bit
+ * 8 selects between the short and long format, bits 2-7 the
+ * size of the table, and bit 0 whether the VHPT walker is
+ * enabled.
+ */
+ ia64_set_pta(pta | (0 << 8) | (vmlpt_bits << 2) | VHPT_ENABLE_BIT);
+
+ ia64_tlb_init();
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
+ ia64_set_rr(HPAGE_REGION_BASE, HPAGE_SHIFT << 2);
+ ia64_srlz_d();
+#endif
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_VIRTUAL_MEM_MAP
+
+int
+create_mem_map_page_table (u64 start, u64 end, void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long address, start_page, end_page;
+ struct page *map_start, *map_end;
+ int node;
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *pte;
+
+ map_start = vmem_map + (__pa(start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ map_end = vmem_map + (__pa(end) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ start_page = (unsigned long) map_start & PAGE_MASK;
+ end_page = PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long) map_end);
+ node = paddr_to_nid(__pa(start));
+
+ for (address = start_page; address < end_page; address += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ pgd = pgd_offset_k(address);
+ if (pgd_none(*pgd))
+ pgd_populate(&init_mm, pgd, alloc_bootmem_pages_node(NODE_DATA(node), PAGE_SIZE));
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
+
+ if (pud_none(*pud))
+ pud_populate(&init_mm, pud, alloc_bootmem_pages_node(NODE_DATA(node), PAGE_SIZE));
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
+
+ if (pmd_none(*pmd))
+ pmd_populate_kernel(&init_mm, pmd, alloc_bootmem_pages_node(NODE_DATA(node), PAGE_SIZE));
+ pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
+
+ if (pte_none(*pte))
+ set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(__pa(alloc_bootmem_pages_node(NODE_DATA(node), PAGE_SIZE)) >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+ PAGE_KERNEL));
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+struct memmap_init_callback_data {
+ struct page *start;
+ struct page *end;
+ int nid;
+ unsigned long zone;
+};
+
+static int
+virtual_memmap_init (u64 start, u64 end, void *arg)
+{
+ struct memmap_init_callback_data *args;
+ struct page *map_start, *map_end;
+
+ args = (struct memmap_init_callback_data *) arg;
+ map_start = vmem_map + (__pa(start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+ map_end = vmem_map + (__pa(end) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
+
+ if (map_start < args->start)
+ map_start = args->start;
+ if (map_end > args->end)
+ map_end = args->end;
+
+ /*
+ * We have to initialize "out of bounds" struct page elements that fit completely
+ * on the same pages that were allocated for the "in bounds" elements because they
+ * may be referenced later (and found to be "reserved").
+ */
+ map_start -= ((unsigned long) map_start & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) / sizeof(struct page);
+ map_end += ((PAGE_ALIGN((unsigned long) map_end) - (unsigned long) map_end)
+ / sizeof(struct page));
+
+ if (map_start < map_end)
+ memmap_init_zone((unsigned long)(map_end - map_start),
+ args->nid, args->zone, page_to_pfn(map_start));
+ return 0;
+}
+
+void
+memmap_init (unsigned long size, int nid, unsigned long zone,
+ unsigned long start_pfn)
+{
+ if (!vmem_map)
+ memmap_init_zone(size, nid, zone, start_pfn);
+ else {
+ struct page *start;
+ struct memmap_init_callback_data args;
+
+ start = pfn_to_page(start_pfn);
+ args.start = start;
+ args.end = start + size;
+ args.nid = nid;
+ args.zone = zone;
+
+ efi_memmap_walk(virtual_memmap_init, &args);
+ }
+}
+
+int
+ia64_pfn_valid (unsigned long pfn)
+{
+ char byte;
+ struct page *pg = pfn_to_page(pfn);
+
+ return (__get_user(byte, (char __user *) pg) == 0)
+ && ((((u64)pg & PAGE_MASK) == (((u64)(pg + 1) - 1) & PAGE_MASK))
+ || (__get_user(byte, (char __user *) (pg + 1) - 1) == 0));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(ia64_pfn_valid);
+
+int
+find_largest_hole (u64 start, u64 end, void *arg)
+{
+ u64 *max_gap = arg;
+
+ static u64 last_end = PAGE_OFFSET;
+
+ /* NOTE: this algorithm assumes efi memmap table is ordered */
+
+ if (*max_gap < (start - last_end))
+ *max_gap = start - last_end;
+ last_end = end;
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_VIRTUAL_MEM_MAP */
+
+static int
+count_reserved_pages (u64 start, u64 end, void *arg)
+{
+ unsigned long num_reserved = 0;
+ unsigned long *count = arg;
+
+ for (; start < end; start += PAGE_SIZE)
+ if (PageReserved(virt_to_page(start)))
+ ++num_reserved;
+ *count += num_reserved;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Boot command-line option "nolwsys" can be used to disable the use of any light-weight
+ * system call handler. When this option is in effect, all fsyscalls will end up bubbling
+ * down into the kernel and calling the normal (heavy-weight) syscall handler. This is
+ * useful for performance testing, but conceivably could also come in handy for debugging
+ * purposes.
+ */
+
+static int nolwsys;
+
+static int __init
+nolwsys_setup (char *s)
+{
+ nolwsys = 1;
+ return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("nolwsys", nolwsys_setup);
+
+void
+mem_init (void)
+{
+ long reserved_pages, codesize, datasize, initsize;
+ unsigned long num_pgt_pages;
+ pg_data_t *pgdat;
+ int i;
+ static struct kcore_list kcore_mem, kcore_vmem, kcore_kernel;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PCI
+ /*
+ * This needs to be called _after_ the command line has been parsed but _before_
+ * any drivers that may need the PCI DMA interface are initialized or bootmem has
+ * been freed.
+ */
+ platform_dma_init();
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
+ if (!mem_map)
+ BUG();
+ max_mapnr = max_low_pfn;
+#endif
+
+ high_memory = __va(max_low_pfn * PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ kclist_add(&kcore_mem, __va(0), max_low_pfn * PAGE_SIZE);
+ kclist_add(&kcore_vmem, (void *)VMALLOC_START, VMALLOC_END-VMALLOC_START);
+ kclist_add(&kcore_kernel, _stext, _end - _stext);
+
+ for_each_pgdat(pgdat)
+ totalram_pages += free_all_bootmem_node(pgdat);
+
+ reserved_pages = 0;
+ efi_memmap_walk(count_reserved_pages, &reserved_pages);
+
+ codesize = (unsigned long) _etext - (unsigned long) _stext;
+ datasize = (unsigned long) _edata - (unsigned long) _etext;
+ initsize = (unsigned long) __init_end - (unsigned long) __init_begin;
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Memory: %luk/%luk available (%luk code, %luk reserved, "
+ "%luk data, %luk init)\n", (unsigned long) nr_free_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10),
+ num_physpages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10), codesize >> 10,
+ reserved_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10), datasize >> 10, initsize >> 10);
+
+ /*
+ * Allow for enough (cached) page table pages so that we can map the entire memory
+ * at least once. Each task also needs a couple of page tables pages, so add in a
+ * fudge factor for that (don't use "threads-max" here; that would be wrong!).
+ * Don't allow the cache to be more than 10% of total memory, though.
+ */
+# define NUM_TASKS 500 /* typical number of tasks */
+ num_pgt_pages = nr_free_pages() / PTRS_PER_PGD + NUM_TASKS;
+ if (num_pgt_pages > nr_free_pages() / 10)
+ num_pgt_pages = nr_free_pages() / 10;
+ if (num_pgt_pages > (u64) pgt_cache_water[1])
+ pgt_cache_water[1] = num_pgt_pages;
+
+ /*
+ * For fsyscall entrpoints with no light-weight handler, use the ordinary
+ * (heavy-weight) handler, but mark it by setting bit 0, so the fsyscall entry
+ * code can tell them apart.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < NR_syscalls; ++i) {
+ extern unsigned long fsyscall_table[NR_syscalls];
+ extern unsigned long sys_call_table[NR_syscalls];
+
+ if (!fsyscall_table[i] || nolwsys)
+ fsyscall_table[i] = sys_call_table[i] | 1;
+ }
+ setup_gate();
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_SUPPORT
+ ia32_mem_init();
+#endif
+}