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+/* $Id: head.S,v 1.7 2004/05/14 07:58:01 starvik Exp $
+ *
+ * Head of the kernel - alter with care
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2000, 2001 Axis Communications AB
+ *
+ * Authors: Bjorn Wesen (bjornw@axis.com)
+ *
+ * $Log: head.S,v $
+ * Revision 1.7 2004/05/14 07:58:01 starvik
+ * Merge of changes from 2.4
+ *
+ * Revision 1.6 2003/04/28 05:31:46 starvik
+ * Added section attributes
+ *
+ * Revision 1.5 2002/12/11 15:42:02 starvik
+ * Extracted v10 (ETRAX 100LX) specific stuff from arch/cris/kernel/*.c
+ *
+ * Revision 1.4 2002/11/07 09:00:44 starvik
+ * Names changed for init sections
+ * init_task_union -> init_thread_union
+ *
+ * Revision 1.3 2002/02/05 15:38:23 bjornw
+ * Oops.. non-CRAMFS_MAGIC should jump over the copying, not into it...
+ *
+ * Revision 1.2 2001/12/18 13:35:19 bjornw
+ * Applied the 2.4.13->2.4.16 CRIS patch to 2.5.1 (is a copy of 2.4.15).
+ *
+ * Revision 1.43 2001/11/08 15:09:43 starvik
+ * Only start MII clock if Ethernet is configured
+ *
+ * Revision 1.42 2001/11/08 14:37:34 starvik
+ * Start MII clock early to make sure that it is running at tranceiver reset
+ *
+ * Revision 1.41 2001/10/29 14:55:58 pkj
+ * Corrected pa$r0 to par0.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.40 2001/10/03 14:59:57 pkj
+ * Added support for resetting the Bluetooth hardware.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.39 2001/10/01 14:45:03 bjornw
+ * Removed underscores and added register prefixes
+ *
+ * Revision 1.38 2001/09/21 07:14:11 jonashg
+ * Made root filesystem (cramfs) use mtdblock driver when booting from flash.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.37 2001/09/11 13:44:29 orjanf
+ * Decouple usage of serial ports for debug and kgdb.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.36 2001/06/29 12:39:31 pkj
+ * Added support for mirroring the first flash to just below the
+ * second one, to make them look consecutive to cramfs.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.35 2001/06/25 14:07:00 hp
+ * Fix review comment.
+ * * head.S: Use IO_STATE, IO_FIELD and IO_MASK constructs instead of
+ * magic numbers. Add comment that -traditional must not be used.
+ * * entry.S (SYMBOL_NAME): Change redefinition to use ## concatenation.
+ * Correct and update comment.
+ * * Makefile (.S.o): Don't use -traditional. Add comment why the
+ * toplevel rule can't be used (now that there's a reason).
+ *
+ * Revision 1.34 2001/05/15 07:08:14 hp
+ * Tweak "notice" to reflect that both r8 r9 are used
+ *
+ * Revision 1.33 2001/05/15 06:40:05 hp
+ * Put bulk of code in .text.init, data in .data.init
+ *
+ * Revision 1.32 2001/05/15 06:18:56 hp
+ * Execute review comment: s/bcc/bhs/g; s/bcs/blo/g
+ *
+ * Revision 1.31 2001/05/15 06:08:40 hp
+ * Add sentence about autodetecting the bit31-MMU-bug
+ *
+ * Revision 1.30 2001/05/15 06:00:05 hp
+ * Update comment: LOW_MAP is not forced on xsim anymore.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.29 2001/04/18 12:51:59 orjanf
+ * * Reverted review change regarding the use of bcs/bcc.
+ * * Removed non-working LED-clearing code.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.28 2001/04/17 13:58:39 orjanf
+ * * Renamed CONFIG_KGDB to CONFIG_ETRAX_KGDB.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.27 2001/04/17 11:42:35 orjanf
+ * Changed according to review:
+ * * Added comment explaining memory map bug.
+ * * Changed bcs and bcc to blo and bhs, respectively.
+ * * Removed mentioning of Stallone and Olga boards.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.26 2001/04/06 12:31:07 jonashg
+ * Check for cramfs in flash before RAM instead of RAM before flash.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.25 2001/04/04 06:23:53 starvik
+ * Initialize DRAM if not already initialized
+ *
+ * Revision 1.24 2001/04/03 11:12:00 starvik
+ * Removed dram init (done by rescue or etrax100boot
+ * Corrected include
+ *
+ * Revision 1.23 2001/04/03 09:53:03 starvik
+ * Include hw_settings.S
+ *
+ * Revision 1.22 2001/03/26 14:23:26 bjornw
+ * Namechange of some config options
+ *
+ * Revision 1.21 2001/03/08 12:14:41 bjornw
+ * * Config name for ETRAX IDE was renamed
+ * * Removed G27 auto-setting when JULIETTE is chosen (need to make this
+ * a new config option later)
+ *
+ * Revision 1.20 2001/02/23 12:47:56 bjornw
+ * MMU regs during LOW_MAP updated to reflect a newer reality
+ *
+ * Revision 1.19 2001/02/19 11:12:07 bjornw
+ * Changed comment header format
+ *
+ * Revision 1.18 2001/02/15 07:25:38 starvik
+ * Added support for synchronous serial ports
+ *
+ * Revision 1.17 2001/02/08 15:53:13 starvik
+ * Last commit removed some important ifdefs
+ *
+ * Revision 1.16 2001/02/08 15:20:38 starvik
+ * Include dram_init.S as inline
+ *
+ * Revision 1.15 2001/01/29 18:12:01 bjornw
+ * Corrected some comments
+ *
+ * Revision 1.14 2001/01/29 13:11:29 starvik
+ * Include dram_init.S (with DRAM/SDRAM initialization)
+ *
+ * Revision 1.13 2001/01/23 14:54:57 markusl
+ * Updated for USB
+ * i.e. added r_gen_config settings
+ *
+ * Revision 1.12 2001/01/19 16:16:29 perf
+ * Added temporary mapping of 0x0c->0x0c to avoid flash loading confusion.
+ * Renamed serial options from ETRAX100 to ETRAX.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.11 2001/01/16 16:31:38 bjornw
+ * * Changed name and semantics of running_from_flash to romfs_in_flash,
+ * set by head.S to indicate to setup.c whether there is a cramfs image
+ * after the kernels BSS or not. Should work for all three boot-cases
+ * (DRAM with cramfs in DRAM, DRAM with cramfs in flash (compressed boot),
+ * and flash with cramfs in flash)
+ *
+ * Revision 1.10 2001/01/16 14:12:21 bjornw
+ * * Check for cramfs start passed in r9 from the decompressor, if all other
+ * cramfs options fail (if we boot from DRAM but don't find a cramfs image
+ * after the kernel in DRAM, it is probably still in the flash)
+ * * Check magic in cramfs detection when booting from flash directly
+ *
+ * Revision 1.9 2001/01/15 17:17:02 bjornw
+ * * Corrected the code that detects the cramfs lengths
+ * * Added a comment saying that the above does not work due to other
+ * reasons..
+ *
+ * Revision 1.8 2001/01/15 16:27:51 jonashg
+ * Made boot after flashing work.
+ * * end destination is __vmlinux_end in RAM.
+ * * _romfs_start moved because of virtual memory.
+ *
+ * Revision 1.7 2000/11/21 13:55:29 bjornw
+ * Use CONFIG_CRIS_LOW_MAP for the low VM map instead of explicit CPU type
+ *
+ * Revision 1.6 2000/10/06 12:36:55 bjornw
+ * Forgot swapper_pg_dir when changing memory map..
+ *
+ * Revision 1.5 2000/10/04 16:49:30 bjornw
+ * * Fixed memory mapping in LX
+ * * Check for cramfs instead of romfs
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/config.h>
+#define ASSEMBLER_MACROS_ONLY
+/* The IO_* macros use the ## token concatenation operator, so
+ -traditional must not be used when assembling this file. */
+#include <asm/arch/sv_addr_ag.h>
+
+#define CRAMFS_MAGIC 0x28cd3d45
+#define RAM_INIT_MAGIC 0x56902387
+
+#define START_ETHERNET_CLOCK IO_STATE(R_NETWORK_GEN_CONFIG, enable, on) |\
+ IO_STATE(R_NETWORK_GEN_CONFIG, phy, mii_clk)
+
+ ;; exported symbols
+
+ .globl etrax_irv
+ .globl romfs_start
+ .globl romfs_length
+ .globl romfs_in_flash
+ .globl swapper_pg_dir
+
+ .text
+
+ ;; This is the entry point of the kernel. We are in supervisor mode.
+ ;; 0x00000000 if Flash, 0x40004000 if DRAM
+ ;; since etrax actually starts at address 2 when booting from flash, we
+ ;; put a nop (2 bytes) here first so we dont accidentally skip the di
+ ;;
+ ;; NOTICE! The registers r8 and r9 are used as parameters carrying
+ ;; information from the decompressor (if the kernel was compressed).
+ ;; They should not be used in the code below until read.
+
+ nop
+ di
+
+ ;; First setup the kseg_c mapping from where the kernel is linked
+ ;; to 0x40000000 (where the actual DRAM resides) otherwise
+ ;; we cannot do very much! See arch/cris/README.mm
+ ;;
+ ;; Notice that since we're potentially running at 0x00 or 0x40 right now,
+ ;; we will get a fault as soon as we enable the MMU if we dont
+ ;; temporarily map those segments linearily.
+ ;;
+ ;; Due to a bug in Etrax-100 LX version 1 we need to map the memory
+ ;; slightly different. The bug is that you can't remap bit 31 of
+ ;; an address. Though we can check the version register for
+ ;; whether the bug is present, some constants would then have to
+ ;; be variables, so we don't. The drawback is that you can "only" map
+ ;; 1G per process with CONFIG_CRIS_LOW_MAP.
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRIS_LOW_MAP
+ ; kseg mappings, temporary map of 0xc0->0x40
+ move.d IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_c, 4) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_b, 0xb) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_9, 9) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_8, 8), $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_MMU_KBASE_HI]
+
+ ; temporary map of 0x40->0x40 and 0x60->0x40
+ move.d IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_LO, base_6, 4) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_LO, base_4, 4), $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_MMU_KBASE_LO]
+
+ ; mmu enable, segs e,c,b,a,6,5,4,0 segment mapped
+ move.d IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, mmu_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, inv_excp, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, acc_excp, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, we_excp, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_f, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_e, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_d, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_c, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_b, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_a, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_9, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_8, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_7, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_6, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_5, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_4, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_3, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_2, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_1, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_0, seg), $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_MMU_CONFIG]
+#else
+ ; kseg mappings
+ move.d IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_e, 8) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_c, 4) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_HI, base_b, 0xb), $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_MMU_KBASE_HI]
+
+ ; temporary map of 0x40->0x40 and 0x00->0x00
+ move.d IO_FIELD (R_MMU_KBASE_LO, base_4, 4), $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_MMU_KBASE_LO]
+
+ ; mmu enable, segs f,e,c,b,4,0 segment mapped
+ move.d IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, mmu_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, inv_excp, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, acc_excp, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, we_excp, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_f, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_e, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_d, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_c, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_b, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_a, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_9, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_8, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_7, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_6, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_5, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_4, seg) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_3, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_2, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_1, page) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_MMU_CONFIG, seg_0, seg), $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_MMU_CONFIG]
+#endif
+
+ ;; Now we need to sort out the segments and their locations in RAM or
+ ;; Flash. The image in the Flash (or in DRAM) consists of 3 pieces:
+ ;; 1) kernel text, 2) kernel data, 3) ROM filesystem image
+ ;; But the linker has linked the kernel to expect this layout in
+ ;; DRAM memory:
+ ;; 1) kernel text, 2) kernel data, 3) kernel BSS
+ ;; (the location of the ROM filesystem is determined by the krom driver)
+ ;; If we boot this from Flash, we want to keep the ROM filesystem in
+ ;; the flash, we want to copy the text and need to copy the data to DRAM.
+ ;; But if we boot from DRAM, we need to move the ROMFS image
+ ;; from its position after kernel data, to after kernel BSS, BEFORE the
+ ;; kernel starts using the BSS area (since its "overlayed" with the ROMFS)
+ ;;
+ ;; In both cases, we start in un-cached mode, and need to jump into a
+ ;; cached PC after we're done fiddling around with the segments.
+ ;;
+ ;; arch/etrax100/etrax100.ld sets some symbols that define the start
+ ;; and end of each segment.
+
+ ;; Check if we start from DRAM or FLASH by testing PC
+
+ move.d $pc,$r0
+ and.d 0x7fffffff,$r0 ; get rid of the non-cache bit
+ cmp.d 0x10000,$r0 ; arbitrary... just something above this code
+ blo _inflash0
+ nop
+
+ jump _inram ; enter cached ram
+
+ ;; Jumpgate for branches.
+_inflash0:
+ jump _inflash
+
+ ;; Put this in a suitable section where we can reclaim storage
+ ;; after init.
+ .section ".init.text", "ax"
+_inflash:
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_ETHERNET
+ ;; Start MII clock to make sure it is running when tranceiver is reset
+ move.d START_ETHERNET_CLOCK, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_NETWORK_GEN_CONFIG]
+#endif
+
+ ;; Set up waitstates etc according to kernel configuration.
+#ifndef CONFIG_SVINTO_SIM
+ move.d CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_WAITSTATES, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_WAITSTATES]
+
+ move.d CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_BUS_CONFIG, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [R_BUS_CONFIG]
+#endif
+
+ ;; We need to initialze DRAM registers before we start using the DRAM
+
+ cmp.d RAM_INIT_MAGIC, $r8 ; Already initialized?
+ beq _dram_init_finished
+ nop
+
+#include "../lib/dram_init.S"
+
+_dram_init_finished:
+ ;; Copy text+data to DRAM
+ ;; This is fragile - the calculation of r4 as the image size depends
+ ;; on that the labels below actually are the first and last positions
+ ;; in the linker-script.
+ ;;
+ ;; Then the locating of the cramfs image depends on the aforementioned
+ ;; image being located in the flash at 0. This is most often not true,
+ ;; thus the following does not work (normally there is a rescue-block
+ ;; between the physical start of the flash and the flash-image start,
+ ;; and when run with compression, the kernel is actually unpacked to
+ ;; DRAM and we never get here in the first place :))
+
+ moveq 0, $r0 ; source
+ move.d text_start, $r1 ; destination
+ move.d __vmlinux_end, $r2 ; end destination
+ move.d $r2, $r4
+ sub.d $r1, $r4 ; r4=__vmlinux_end in flash, used below
+1: move.w [$r0+], $r3
+ move.w $r3, [$r1+]
+ cmp.d $r2, $r1
+ blo 1b
+ nop
+
+ ;; We keep the cramfs in the flash.
+ ;; There might be none, but that does not matter because
+ ;; we don't do anything than read some bytes here.
+
+ moveq 0, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_length] ; default if there is no cramfs
+
+ move.d [$r4], $r0 ; cramfs_super.magic
+ cmp.d CRAMFS_MAGIC, $r0
+ bne 1f
+ nop
+ move.d [$r4 + 4], $r0 ; cramfs_super.size
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_length]
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRIS_LOW_MAP
+ add.d 0x50000000, $r4 ; add flash start in virtual memory (cached)
+#else
+ add.d 0xf0000000, $r4 ; add flash start in virtual memory (cached)
+#endif
+ move.d $r4, [romfs_start]
+1:
+ moveq 1, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_in_flash]
+
+ jump _start_it ; enter code, cached this time
+
+_inram:
+ ;; Move the ROM fs to after BSS end. This assumes that the cramfs
+ ;; second longword contains the length of the cramfs
+
+ moveq 0, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_length] ; default if there is no cramfs
+
+ ;; The kernel could have been unpacked to DRAM by the loader, but
+ ;; the cramfs image could still be in the Flash directly after the
+ ;; compressed kernel image. The loader passes the address of the
+ ;; byte succeeding the last compressed byte in the flash in the
+ ;; register r9 when starting the kernel. Check if r9 points to a
+ ;; decent cramfs image!
+ ;; (Notice that if this is not booted from the loader, r9 will be
+ ;; garbage but we do sanity checks on it, the chance that it points
+ ;; to a cramfs magic is small.. )
+
+ cmp.d 0x0ffffff8, $r9
+ bhs _no_romfs_in_flash ; r9 points outside the flash area
+ nop
+ move.d [$r9], $r0 ; cramfs_super.magic
+ cmp.d CRAMFS_MAGIC, $r0
+ bne _no_romfs_in_flash
+ nop
+ move.d [$r9+4], $r0 ; cramfs_super.length
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_length]
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRIS_LOW_MAP
+ add.d 0x50000000, $r9 ; add flash start in virtual memory (cached)
+#else
+ add.d 0xf0000000, $r9 ; add flash start in virtual memory (cached)
+#endif
+ move.d $r9, [romfs_start]
+
+ moveq 1, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_in_flash]
+
+ jump _start_it ; enter code, cached this time
+
+_no_romfs_in_flash:
+
+ ;; Check if there is a cramfs (magic value).
+ ;; Notice that we check for cramfs magic value - which is
+ ;; the "rom fs" we'll possibly use in 2.4 if not JFFS (which does
+ ;; not need this mechanism anyway)
+
+ move.d __vmlinux_end, $r0; the image will be after the vmlinux end address
+ move.d [$r0], $r1 ; cramfs assumes same endian on host/target
+ cmp.d CRAMFS_MAGIC, $r1; magic value in cramfs superblock
+ bne 2f
+ nop
+
+ ;; Ok. What is its size ?
+
+ move.d [$r0 + 4], $r2 ; cramfs_super.size (again, no need to swapwb)
+
+ ;; We want to copy it to the end of the BSS
+
+ move.d _end, $r1
+
+ ;; Remember values so cramfs and setup can find this info
+
+ move.d $r1, [romfs_start] ; new romfs location
+ move.d $r2, [romfs_length]
+
+ ;; We need to copy it backwards, since they can be overlapping
+
+ add.d $r2, $r0
+ add.d $r2, $r1
+
+ ;; Go ahead. Make my loop.
+
+ lsrq 1, $r2 ; size is in bytes, we copy words
+
+1: move.w [$r0=$r0-2],$r3
+ move.w $r3,[$r1=$r1-2]
+ subq 1, $r2
+ bne 1b
+ nop
+
+2:
+ ;; Dont worry that the BSS is tainted. It will be cleared later.
+
+ moveq 0, $r0
+ move.d $r0, [romfs_in_flash]
+
+ jump _start_it ; better skip the additional cramfs check below
+
+_start_it:
+
+ ;; the kernel stack is overlayed with the task structure for each
+ ;; task. thus the initial kernel stack is in the same page as the
+ ;; init_task (but starts in the top of the page, size 8192)
+ move.d init_thread_union + 8192, $sp
+ move.d ibr_start,$r0 ; this symbol is set by the linker script
+ move $r0,$ibr
+ move.d $r0,[etrax_irv] ; set the interrupt base register and pointer
+
+ ;; Clear BSS region, from _bss_start to _end
+
+ move.d __bss_start, $r0
+ move.d _end, $r1
+1: clear.d [$r0+]
+ cmp.d $r1, $r0
+ blo 1b
+ nop
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ETRAXIDE
+ ;; disable ATA before enabling it in genconfig below
+ moveq 0,$r0
+ move.d $r0,[R_ATA_CTRL_DATA]
+ move.d $r0,[R_ATA_TRANSFER_CNT]
+ move.d $r0,[R_ATA_CONFIG]
+#if 0
+ move.d R_PORT_G_DATA, $r1
+ move.d $r0, [$r1]; assert ATA bus-reset
+ nop
+ nop
+ nop
+ nop
+ nop
+ nop
+ move.d 0x08000000,$r0
+ move.d $r0,[$r1]
+#endif
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_JULIETTE
+ ;; configure external DMA channel 0 before enabling it in genconfig
+
+ moveq 0,$r0
+ move.d $r0,[R_EXT_DMA_0_ADDR]
+ ; cnt enable, word size, output, stop, size 0
+ move.d IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, cnt, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, rqpol, ahigh) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, apol, ahigh) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, rq_ack, burst) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, wid, word) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, dir, output) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, run, stop) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD, trf_count, 0),$r0
+ move.d $r0,[R_EXT_DMA_0_CMD]
+
+ ;; reset dma4 and wait for completion
+
+ moveq IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH4_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_DMA_CH4_CMD]
+1: move.b [R_DMA_CH4_CMD],$r0
+ and.b IO_MASK (R_DMA_CH4_CMD, cmd),$r0
+ cmp.b IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH4_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ beq 1b
+ nop
+
+ ;; reset dma5 and wait for completion
+
+ moveq IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH5_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_DMA_CH5_CMD]
+1: move.b [R_DMA_CH5_CMD],$r0
+ and.b IO_MASK (R_DMA_CH5_CMD, cmd),$r0
+ cmp.b IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH5_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ beq 1b
+ nop
+#endif
+
+ ;; Etrax product HW genconfig setup
+
+ moveq 0,$r0
+#if (!defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_KGDB) || !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEBUG_PORT0)) \
+ && !defined(CONFIG_DMA_MEMCPY)
+ ; DMA channels 6 and 7 to ser0, kgdb doesnt want DMA
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma7, serial0) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma6, serial0),$r0
+#endif
+#if !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_KGDB) || !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEBUG_PORT1)
+ ; DMA channels 8 and 9 to ser1, kgdb doesnt want DMA
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma9, serial1) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma8, serial1),$r0
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_DMA_MEMCPY
+ ; 6/7 memory-memory DMA
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma7, intdma6) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma6, intdma7),$r0
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_SERIAL_PORT2
+ ; Enable serial port 2
+ or.w IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, ser2, select),$r0
+#if !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_KGDB) || !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEBUG_PORT2)
+ ; DMA channels 2 and 3 to ser2, kgdb doesnt want DMA
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma3, serial2) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma2, serial2),$r0
+#endif
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_SERIAL_PORT3) || defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_SYNCHRONOUS_SERIAL_PORT1)
+ ; Enable serial port 3
+ or.w IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, ser3, select),$r0
+#if !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_KGDB) || !defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEBUG_PORT3)
+ ; DMA channels 4 and 5 to ser3, kgdb doesnt want DMA
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma5, serial3) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma4, serial3),$r0
+#endif
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_PARALLEL_PORT0) || defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_ETHERNET_LPSLAVE)
+ ; parport 0 enabled using DMA 2/3
+ or.w IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, par0, select),$r0
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_PARALLEL_PORT1) || defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_ETHERNET_LPSLAVE)
+ ; parport 1 enabled using DMA 4/5
+ or.w IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, par1, select),$r0
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_IDE
+ ; DMA channels 2 and 3 to ATA, ATA enabled
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma3, ata) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma2, ata) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, ata, select),$r0
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_USB_HOST_PORT1
+ ; Set the USB port 1 enable bit
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, usb1, select),$r0
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_USB_HOST_PORT2
+ ; Set the USB port 2 enable bit
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, usb2, select),$r0
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_USB_HOST
+ ; Connect DMA channels 8 and 9 to USB
+ and.d (~(IO_MASK (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma9) \
+ | IO_MASK (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma8))) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma9, usb) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma8, usb),$r0
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_JULIETTE
+ ; DMA channels 4 and 5 to EXTDMA0, for Juliette
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma5, extdma0) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, dma4, extdma0),$r0
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_G0_DIR_OUT)
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, g0dir, out),$r0
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_G8_15_DIR_OUT)
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, g8_15dir, out),$r0
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_G16_23_DIR_OUT)
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, g16_23dir, out),$r0
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_G24_DIR_OUT)
+ or.d IO_STATE (R_GEN_CONFIG, g24dir, out),$r0
+#endif
+
+ move.d $r0,[genconfig_shadow] ; init a shadow register of R_GEN_CONFIG
+
+#ifndef CONFIG_SVINTO_SIM
+ move.d $r0,[R_GEN_CONFIG]
+
+#if 0
+ moveq 4,$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_DMA_CH6_CMD] ; reset (ser0 dma out)
+ move.b $r0,[R_DMA_CH7_CMD] ; reset (ser0 dma in)
+1: move.b [R_DMA_CH6_CMD],$r0 ; wait for reset cycle to finish
+ and.b 7,$r0
+ cmp.b 4,$r0
+ beq 1b
+ nop
+1: move.b [R_DMA_CH7_CMD],$r0 ; wait for reset cycle to finish
+ and.b 7,$r0
+ cmp.b 4,$r0
+ beq 1b
+ nop
+#endif
+
+ moveq IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH8_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_DMA_CH8_CMD] ; reset (ser1 dma out)
+ move.b $r0,[R_DMA_CH9_CMD] ; reset (ser1 dma in)
+1: move.b [R_DMA_CH8_CMD],$r0 ; wait for reset cycle to finish
+ andq IO_MASK (R_DMA_CH8_CMD, cmd),$r0
+ cmpq IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH8_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ beq 1b
+ nop
+1: move.b [R_DMA_CH9_CMD],$r0 ; wait for reset cycle to finish
+ andq IO_MASK (R_DMA_CH9_CMD, cmd),$r0
+ cmpq IO_STATE (R_DMA_CH9_CMD, cmd, reset),$r0
+ beq 1b
+ nop
+
+ ;; setup port PA and PB default initial directions and data
+ ;; including their shadow registers
+
+ move.b CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_PA_DIR,$r0
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH) && defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_PA7)
+ or.b IO_STATE (R_PORT_PA_DIR, dir7, output),$r0
+#endif
+ move.b $r0,[port_pa_dir_shadow]
+ move.b $r0,[R_PORT_PA_DIR]
+ move.b CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_PA_DATA,$r0
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH) && defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_PA7)
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_ACTIVE_HIGH)
+ and.b ~(1 << 7),$r0
+#else
+ or.b (1 << 7),$r0
+#endif
+#endif
+ move.b $r0,[port_pa_data_shadow]
+ move.b $r0,[R_PORT_PA_DATA]
+
+ move.b CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_PB_CONFIG,$r0
+ move.b $r0,[port_pb_config_shadow]
+ move.b $r0,[R_PORT_PB_CONFIG]
+ move.b CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_PB_DIR,$r0
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH) && defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_PB5)
+ or.b IO_STATE (R_PORT_PB_DIR, dir5, output),$r0
+#endif
+ move.b $r0,[port_pb_dir_shadow]
+ move.b $r0,[R_PORT_PB_DIR]
+ move.b CONFIG_ETRAX_DEF_R_PORT_PB_DATA,$r0
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH) && defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_PB5)
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_ACTIVE_HIGH)
+ and.b ~(1 << 5),$r0
+#else
+ or.b (1 << 5),$r0
+#endif
+#endif
+ move.b $r0,[port_pb_data_shadow]
+ move.b $r0,[R_PORT_PB_DATA]
+
+ moveq 0, $r0
+ move.d $r0,[port_pb_i2c_shadow]
+ move.d $r0, [R_PORT_PB_I2C]
+
+ moveq 0,$r0
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH) && defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_G10)
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_ACTIVE_HIGH)
+ and.d ~(1 << 10),$r0
+#else
+ or.d (1 << 10),$r0
+#endif
+#endif
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH) && defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_G11)
+#if defined(CONFIG_BLUETOOTH_RESET_ACTIVE_HIGH)
+ and.d ~(1 << 11),$r0
+#else
+ or.d (1 << 11),$r0
+#endif
+#endif
+ move.d $r0,[port_g_data_shadow]
+ move.d $r0,[R_PORT_G_DATA]
+
+ ;; setup the serial port 0 at 115200 baud for debug purposes
+
+ moveq IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_XOFF, tx_stop, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_XOFF, auto_xoff, disable) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_SERIAL0_XOFF, xoff_char, 0),$r0
+ move.d $r0,[R_SERIAL0_XOFF]
+
+ ; 115.2kbaud for both transmit and receive
+ move.b IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_BAUD, tr_baud, c115k2Hz) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_BAUD, rec_baud, c115k2Hz),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL0_BAUD]
+
+ ; Set up and enable the serial0 receiver.
+ move.b IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, dma_err, stop) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, rec_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, rts_, active) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, sampling, middle) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, rec_stick_par, normal) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, rec_par, even) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, rec_par_en, disable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL, rec_bitnr, rec_8bit),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL0_REC_CTRL]
+
+ ; Set up and enable the serial0 transmitter.
+ move.b IO_FIELD (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, txd, 0) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, tr_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, auto_cts, disabled) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, stop_bits, one_bit) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, tr_stick_par, normal) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, tr_par, even) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, tr_par_en, disable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL, tr_bitnr, tr_8bit),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL0_TR_CTRL]
+
+ ;; setup the serial port 1 at 115200 baud for debug purposes
+
+ moveq IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_XOFF, tx_stop, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_XOFF, auto_xoff, disable) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_SERIAL1_XOFF, xoff_char, 0),$r0
+ move.d $r0,[R_SERIAL1_XOFF]
+
+ ; 115.2kbaud for both transmit and receive
+ move.b IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_BAUD, tr_baud, c115k2Hz) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_BAUD, rec_baud, c115k2Hz),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL1_BAUD]
+
+ ; Set up and enable the serial1 receiver.
+ move.b IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, dma_err, stop) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, rec_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, rts_, active) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, sampling, middle) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, rec_stick_par, normal) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, rec_par, even) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, rec_par_en, disable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL, rec_bitnr, rec_8bit),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL1_REC_CTRL]
+
+ ; Set up and enable the serial1 transmitter.
+ move.b IO_FIELD (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, txd, 0) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, tr_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, auto_cts, disabled) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, stop_bits, one_bit) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, tr_stick_par, normal) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, tr_par, even) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, tr_par_en, disable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL, tr_bitnr, tr_8bit),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL1_TR_CTRL]
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ETRAX_SERIAL_PORT3
+ ;; setup the serial port 3 at 115200 baud for debug purposes
+
+ moveq IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_XOFF, tx_stop, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_XOFF, auto_xoff, disable) \
+ | IO_FIELD (R_SERIAL3_XOFF, xoff_char, 0),$r0
+ move.d $r0,[R_SERIAL3_XOFF]
+
+ ; 115.2kbaud for both transmit and receive
+ move.b IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_BAUD, tr_baud, c115k2Hz) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_BAUD, rec_baud, c115k2Hz),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL3_BAUD]
+
+ ; Set up and enable the serial3 receiver.
+ move.b IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, dma_err, stop) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, rec_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, rts_, active) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, sampling, middle) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, rec_stick_par, normal) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, rec_par, even) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, rec_par_en, disable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL, rec_bitnr, rec_8bit),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL3_REC_CTRL]
+
+ ; Set up and enable the serial3 transmitter.
+ move.b IO_FIELD (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, txd, 0) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, tr_enable, enable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, auto_cts, disabled) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, stop_bits, one_bit) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, tr_stick_par, normal) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, tr_par, even) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, tr_par_en, disable) \
+ | IO_STATE (R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL, tr_bitnr, tr_8bit),$r0
+ move.b $r0,[R_SERIAL3_TR_CTRL]
+#endif
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_SVINTO_SIM */
+
+ jump start_kernel ; jump into the C-function start_kernel in init/main.c
+
+ .data
+etrax_irv:
+ .dword 0
+romfs_start:
+ .dword 0
+romfs_length:
+ .dword 0
+romfs_in_flash:
+ .dword 0
+
+ ;; put some special pages at the beginning of the kernel aligned
+ ;; to page boundaries - the kernel cannot start until after this
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRIS_LOW_MAP
+swapper_pg_dir = 0x60002000
+#else
+swapper_pg_dir = 0xc0002000
+#endif
+
+ .section ".init.data", "aw"
+#include "../lib/hw_settings.S"