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authorJohn Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com>2010-07-29 14:48:01 -0700
committerJames Morris <jmorris@namei.org>2010-08-02 15:35:13 +1000
commite06f75a6a2b43bd3a7a197bd21466f9da130e4af (patch)
treebf5aabceae66c62e317a0403b05ffb320aef54d2 /security/apparmor/match.c
parentc75afcd153f6147d3b094f45a1d87e5df7f4f053 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-e06f75a6a2b43bd3a7a197bd21466f9da130e4af.tar.gz
AppArmor: dfa match engine
A basic dfa matching engine based off the dfa engine in the Dragon Book. It uses simple row comb compression with a check field. This allows AppArmor to do pattern matching in linear time, and also avoids stack issues that an nfa based engine may have. The dfa engine uses a byte based comparison, with all values being valid. Any potential character encoding are handled user side when the dfa tables are created. By convention AppArmor uses \0 to separate two dependent path matches since \0 is not a valid path character (this is done in the link permission check). The dfa tables are generated in user space and are verified at load time to be internally consistent. There are several future improvements planned for the dfa engine: * The dfa engine may be converted to a hybrid nfa-dfa engine, with a fixed size limited stack. This would allow for size time tradeoffs, by inserting limited nfa states to help control state explosion that can occur with dfas. * The dfa engine may pickup the ability to do limited dynamic variable matching, instead of fixing all variables at policy load time. Signed-off-by: John Johansen <john.johansen@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'security/apparmor/match.c')
-rw-r--r--security/apparmor/match.c353
1 files changed, 353 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/security/apparmor/match.c b/security/apparmor/match.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5cb4dc1f6992
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/apparmor/match.c
@@ -0,0 +1,353 @@
+/*
+ * AppArmor security module
+ *
+ * This file contains AppArmor dfa based regular expression matching engine
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1998-2008 Novell/SUSE
+ * Copyright 2009-2010 Canonical Ltd.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2 of the
+ * License.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/kref.h>
+
+#include "include/apparmor.h"
+#include "include/match.h"
+
+/**
+ * unpack_table - unpack a dfa table (one of accept, default, base, next check)
+ * @blob: data to unpack (NOT NULL)
+ * @bsize: size of blob
+ *
+ * Returns: pointer to table else NULL on failure
+ *
+ * NOTE: must be freed by kvfree (not kmalloc)
+ */
+static struct table_header *unpack_table(char *blob, size_t bsize)
+{
+ struct table_header *table = NULL;
+ struct table_header th;
+ size_t tsize;
+
+ if (bsize < sizeof(struct table_header))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* loaded td_id's start at 1, subtract 1 now to avoid doing
+ * it every time we use td_id as an index
+ */
+ th.td_id = be16_to_cpu(*(u16 *) (blob)) - 1;
+ th.td_flags = be16_to_cpu(*(u16 *) (blob + 2));
+ th.td_lolen = be32_to_cpu(*(u32 *) (blob + 8));
+ blob += sizeof(struct table_header);
+
+ if (!(th.td_flags == YYTD_DATA16 || th.td_flags == YYTD_DATA32 ||
+ th.td_flags == YYTD_DATA8))
+ goto out;
+
+ tsize = table_size(th.td_lolen, th.td_flags);
+ if (bsize < tsize)
+ goto out;
+
+ table = kvmalloc(tsize);
+ if (table) {
+ *table = th;
+ if (th.td_flags == YYTD_DATA8)
+ UNPACK_ARRAY(table->td_data, blob, th.td_lolen,
+ u8, byte_to_byte);
+ else if (th.td_flags == YYTD_DATA16)
+ UNPACK_ARRAY(table->td_data, blob, th.td_lolen,
+ u16, be16_to_cpu);
+ else if (th.td_flags == YYTD_DATA32)
+ UNPACK_ARRAY(table->td_data, blob, th.td_lolen,
+ u32, be32_to_cpu);
+ else
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+out:
+ /* if table was vmalloced make sure the page tables are synced
+ * before it is used, as it goes live to all cpus.
+ */
+ if (is_vmalloc_addr(table))
+ vm_unmap_aliases();
+ return table;
+fail:
+ kvfree(table);
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/**
+ * verify_dfa - verify that transitions and states in the tables are in bounds.
+ * @dfa: dfa to test (NOT NULL)
+ * @flags: flags controlling what type of accept table are acceptable
+ *
+ * Assumes dfa has gone through the first pass verification done by unpacking
+ * NOTE: this does not valid accept table values
+ *
+ * Returns: %0 else error code on failure to verify
+ */
+static int verify_dfa(struct aa_dfa *dfa, int flags)
+{
+ size_t i, state_count, trans_count;
+ int error = -EPROTO;
+
+ /* check that required tables exist */
+ if (!(dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_DEF] &&
+ dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_BASE] &&
+ dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_NXT] && dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_CHK]))
+ goto out;
+
+ /* accept.size == default.size == base.size */
+ state_count = dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_BASE]->td_lolen;
+ if (ACCEPT1_FLAGS(flags)) {
+ if (!dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_ACCEPT])
+ goto out;
+ if (state_count != dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_ACCEPT]->td_lolen)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (ACCEPT2_FLAGS(flags)) {
+ if (!dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_ACCEPT2])
+ goto out;
+ if (state_count != dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_ACCEPT2]->td_lolen)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ if (state_count != dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_DEF]->td_lolen)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* next.size == chk.size */
+ trans_count = dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_NXT]->td_lolen;
+ if (trans_count != dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_CHK]->td_lolen)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* if equivalence classes then its table size must be 256 */
+ if (dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_EC] &&
+ dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_EC]->td_lolen != 256)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (flags & DFA_FLAG_VERIFY_STATES) {
+ for (i = 0; i < state_count; i++) {
+ if (DEFAULT_TABLE(dfa)[i] >= state_count)
+ goto out;
+ /* TODO: do check that DEF state recursion terminates */
+ if (BASE_TABLE(dfa)[i] + 255 >= trans_count) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "AppArmor DFA next/check upper "
+ "bounds error\n");
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < trans_count; i++) {
+ if (NEXT_TABLE(dfa)[i] >= state_count)
+ goto out;
+ if (CHECK_TABLE(dfa)[i] >= state_count)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ }
+
+ error = 0;
+out:
+ return error;
+}
+
+/**
+ * dfa_free - free a dfa allocated by aa_dfa_unpack
+ * @dfa: the dfa to free (MAYBE NULL)
+ *
+ * Requires: reference count to dfa == 0
+ */
+static void dfa_free(struct aa_dfa *dfa)
+{
+ if (dfa) {
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(dfa->tables); i++) {
+ kvfree(dfa->tables[i]);
+ dfa->tables[i] = NULL;
+ }
+ kfree(dfa);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * aa_dfa_free_kref - free aa_dfa by kref (called by aa_put_dfa)
+ * @kr: kref callback for freeing of a dfa (NOT NULL)
+ */
+void aa_dfa_free_kref(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct aa_dfa *dfa = container_of(kref, struct aa_dfa, count);
+ dfa_free(dfa);
+}
+
+/**
+ * aa_dfa_unpack - unpack the binary tables of a serialized dfa
+ * @blob: aligned serialized stream of data to unpack (NOT NULL)
+ * @size: size of data to unpack
+ * @flags: flags controlling what type of accept tables are acceptable
+ *
+ * Unpack a dfa that has been serialized. To find information on the dfa
+ * format look in Documentation/apparmor.txt
+ * Assumes the dfa @blob stream has been aligned on a 8 byte boundry
+ *
+ * Returns: an unpacked dfa ready for matching or ERR_PTR on failure
+ */
+struct aa_dfa *aa_dfa_unpack(void *blob, size_t size, int flags)
+{
+ int hsize;
+ int error = -ENOMEM;
+ char *data = blob;
+ struct table_header *table = NULL;
+ struct aa_dfa *dfa = kzalloc(sizeof(struct aa_dfa), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!dfa)
+ goto fail;
+
+ kref_init(&dfa->count);
+
+ error = -EPROTO;
+
+ /* get dfa table set header */
+ if (size < sizeof(struct table_set_header))
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (ntohl(*(u32 *) data) != YYTH_MAGIC)
+ goto fail;
+
+ hsize = ntohl(*(u32 *) (data + 4));
+ if (size < hsize)
+ goto fail;
+
+ dfa->flags = ntohs(*(u16 *) (data + 12));
+ data += hsize;
+ size -= hsize;
+
+ while (size > 0) {
+ table = unpack_table(data, size);
+ if (!table)
+ goto fail;
+
+ switch (table->td_id) {
+ case YYTD_ID_ACCEPT:
+ if (!(table->td_flags & ACCEPT1_FLAGS(flags)))
+ goto fail;
+ break;
+ case YYTD_ID_ACCEPT2:
+ if (!(table->td_flags & ACCEPT2_FLAGS(flags)))
+ goto fail;
+ break;
+ case YYTD_ID_BASE:
+ if (table->td_flags != YYTD_DATA32)
+ goto fail;
+ break;
+ case YYTD_ID_DEF:
+ case YYTD_ID_NXT:
+ case YYTD_ID_CHK:
+ if (table->td_flags != YYTD_DATA16)
+ goto fail;
+ break;
+ case YYTD_ID_EC:
+ if (table->td_flags != YYTD_DATA8)
+ goto fail;
+ break;
+ default:
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ /* check for duplicate table entry */
+ if (dfa->tables[table->td_id])
+ goto fail;
+ dfa->tables[table->td_id] = table;
+ data += table_size(table->td_lolen, table->td_flags);
+ size -= table_size(table->td_lolen, table->td_flags);
+ table = NULL;
+ }
+
+ error = verify_dfa(dfa, flags);
+ if (error)
+ goto fail;
+
+ return dfa;
+
+fail:
+ kvfree(table);
+ dfa_free(dfa);
+ return ERR_PTR(error);
+}
+
+/**
+ * aa_dfa_match_len - traverse @dfa to find state @str stops at
+ * @dfa: the dfa to match @str against (NOT NULL)
+ * @start: the state of the dfa to start matching in
+ * @str: the string of bytes to match against the dfa (NOT NULL)
+ * @len: length of the string of bytes to match
+ *
+ * aa_dfa_match_len will match @str against the dfa and return the state it
+ * finished matching in. The final state can be used to look up the accepting
+ * label, or as the start state of a continuing match.
+ *
+ * This function will happily match again the 0 byte and only finishes
+ * when @len input is consumed.
+ *
+ * Returns: final state reached after input is consumed
+ */
+unsigned int aa_dfa_match_len(struct aa_dfa *dfa, unsigned int start,
+ const char *str, int len)
+{
+ u16 *def = DEFAULT_TABLE(dfa);
+ u32 *base = BASE_TABLE(dfa);
+ u16 *next = NEXT_TABLE(dfa);
+ u16 *check = CHECK_TABLE(dfa);
+ unsigned int state = start, pos;
+
+ if (state == 0)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* current state is <state>, matching character *str */
+ if (dfa->tables[YYTD_ID_EC]) {
+ /* Equivalence class table defined */
+ u8 *equiv = EQUIV_TABLE(dfa);
+ /* default is direct to next state */
+ for (; len; len--) {
+ pos = base[state] + equiv[(u8) *str++];
+ if (check[pos] == state)
+ state = next[pos];
+ else
+ state = def[state];
+ }
+ } else {
+ /* default is direct to next state */
+ for (; len; len--) {
+ pos = base[state] + (u8) *str++;
+ if (check[pos] == state)
+ state = next[pos];
+ else
+ state = def[state];
+ }
+ }
+
+ return state;
+}
+
+/**
+ * aa_dfa_next_state - traverse @dfa to find state @str stops at
+ * @dfa: the dfa to match @str against (NOT NULL)
+ * @start: the state of the dfa to start matching in
+ * @str: the null terminated string of bytes to match against the dfa (NOT NULL)
+ *
+ * aa_dfa_next_state will match @str against the dfa and return the state it
+ * finished matching in. The final state can be used to look up the accepting
+ * label, or as the start state of a continuing match.
+ *
+ * Returns: final state reached after input is consumed
+ */
+unsigned int aa_dfa_match(struct aa_dfa *dfa, unsigned int start,
+ const char *str)
+{
+ return aa_dfa_match_len(dfa, start, str, strlen(str));
+}