path: root/mm/interval_tree.c
diff options
authorMichel Lespinasse <walken@google.com>2012-10-08 16:31:39 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-10-09 16:22:41 +0900
commitbf181b9f9d8dfbba58b23441ad60d0bc33806d64 (patch)
tree7ad0caaf8998f31c5d910dcbb768f5a1d381b5f4 /mm/interval_tree.c
parent108d6642ad81bb1d62b401490a334d2c12397517 (diff)
mm anon rmap: replace same_anon_vma linked list with an interval tree.
When a large VMA (anon or private file mapping) is first touched, which will populate its anon_vma field, and then split into many regions through the use of mprotect(), the original anon_vma ends up linking all of the vmas on a linked list. This can cause rmap to become inefficient, as we have to walk potentially thousands of irrelevent vmas before finding the one a given anon page might fall into. By replacing the same_anon_vma linked list with an interval tree (where each avc's interval is determined by its vma's start and last pgoffs), we can make rmap efficient for this use case again. While the change is large, all of its pieces are fairly simple. Most places that were walking the same_anon_vma list were looking for a known pgoff, so they can just use the anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach() interval tree iterator instead. The exception here is ksm, where the page's index is not known. It would probably be possible to rework ksm so that the index would be known, but for now I have decided to keep things simple and just walk the entirety of the interval tree there. When updating vma's that already have an anon_vma assigned, we must take care to re-index the corresponding avc's on their interval tree. This is done through the use of anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma() and anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(), which remove the avc's from their interval tree before the update and re-insert them after the update. The anon_vma stays locked during the update, so there is no chance that rmap would miss the vmas that are being updated. Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Daniel Santos <daniel.santos@pobox.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm/interval_tree.c')
1 files changed, 14 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/interval_tree.c b/mm/interval_tree.c
index 4ab7b9ec3a56..f7c72cd35e1d 100644
--- a/mm/interval_tree.c
+++ b/mm/interval_tree.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/interval_tree_generic.h>
static inline unsigned long vma_start_pgoff(struct vm_area_struct *v)
@@ -57,3 +58,16 @@ void vma_interval_tree_insert_after(struct vm_area_struct *node,
rb_insert_augmented(&node->shared.linear.rb, root,
+static inline unsigned long avc_start_pgoff(struct anon_vma_chain *avc)
+ return vma_start_pgoff(avc->vma);
+static inline unsigned long avc_last_pgoff(struct anon_vma_chain *avc)
+ return vma_last_pgoff(avc->vma);
+INTERVAL_TREE_DEFINE(struct anon_vma_chain, rb, unsigned long, rb_subtree_last,
+ avc_start_pgoff, avc_last_pgoff,, anon_vma_interval_tree)