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authorDoug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com>2012-05-31 16:26:35 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2012-05-31 17:49:31 -0700
commitd6629859b36d953a4b1369b749f178736911bf10 (patch)
tree154cfc0d8ff3b65f59b9052bcc41edaabf974063 /ipc
parent50069a5851323ba5def0e414a21e234345016870 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-d6629859b36d953a4b1369b749f178736911bf10.tar.gz
ipc/mqueue: improve performance of send/recv
The existing implementation of the POSIX message queue send and recv functions is, well, abysmal. Even worse than abysmal. I submitted a patch to increase the maximum POSIX message queue limit to 65536 due to customer needs, however, upon looking over the send/recv implementation, I realized that my customer needs help with that too even if they don't know it. The basic problem is that, given the fairly typical use case scenario for a large queue of queueing lots of messages all at the same priority (I verified with my customer that this is indeed what their app does), the msg_insert routine is basically a frikkin' bubble sort. I mean, whoa, that's *so* middle school. OK, OK, to not slam the original author too much, I'm sure they didn't envision a queue depth of 50,000+ messages. No one would think that moving elements in an array, one at a time, and dereferencing each pointer in that array to check priority of the message being pointed too, again one at a time, for 50,000+ times would be good. So let's assume that, as is typical, the users have found a way to break our code simply by using it in a way we didn't envision. Fair enough. "So, just how broken is it?", you ask. I wondered the same thing, so I wrote an app to let me know. It's my next patch. It gave me some interesting results. Here's what it tested: Interference with other apps - In continuous mode, the app just sits there and hits a message queue forever, while you go do something productive on another terminal using other CPUs. You then measure how long it takes you to do that something productive. Then you restart the app in fake continuous mode, and it sits in a tight loop on a CPU while you repeat your tests. The whole point of this is to keep one CPU tied up (so it can't be used in your other work) but in one case tied up hitting the mqueue code so we can see the effect of walking that 65,528 element array one pointer at a time on the global CPU cache. If it's bad, then it will slow down your app on the other CPUs just by polluting cache mercilessly. In the fake case, it will be in a tight loop, but not polluting cache. Testing the mqueue subsystem directly - Here we just run a number of tests to see how the mqueue subsystem performs under different conditions. A couple conditions are known to be worst case for the old system, and some routines, so this tests all of them. So, on to the results already: Subsystem/Test Old New Time to compile linux kernel (make -j12 on a 6 core CPU) Running mqueue test user 49m10.744s user 45m26.294s sys 5m51.924s sys 4m59.894s total 55m02.668s total 50m26.188s Running fake test user 45m32.686s user 45m18.552s sys 5m12.465s sys 4m56.468s total 50m45.151s total 50m15.020s % slowdown from mqueue cache thrashing ~8% ~.5% Avg time to send/recv (in nanoseconds per message) when queue empty 305/288 349/318 when queue full (65528 messages) constant priority 526589/823 362/314 increasing priority 403105/916 495/445 decreasing priority 73420/594 482/409 random priority 280147/920 546/436 Time to fill/drain queue (65528 messages, in seconds) constant priority 17.37/.12 .13/.12 increasing priority 4.14/.14 .21/.18 decreasing priority 12.93/.13 .21/.18 random priority 8.88/.16 .22/.17 So, I think the results speak for themselves. It's possible this implementation could be improved by cacheing at least one priority level in the node tree (that would bring the queue empty performance more in line with the old implementation), but this works and is *so* much better than what we had, especially for the common case of a single priority in use, that further refinements can be in follow on patches. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix typo in comment, remove stray semicolon] [levinsasha928@gmail.com: use correct gfp flags in msg_insert] Signed-off-by: Doug Ledford <dledford@redhat.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc')
-rw-r--r--ipc/mqueue.c173
1 files changed, 130 insertions, 43 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/mqueue.c b/ipc/mqueue.c
index 609d53f7a915..3c72a05dc326 100644
--- a/ipc/mqueue.c
+++ b/ipc/mqueue.c
@@ -50,6 +50,12 @@
#define STATE_PENDING 1
#define STATE_READY 2
+struct posix_msg_tree_node {
+ struct rb_node rb_node;
+ struct list_head msg_list;
+ int priority;
+};
+
struct ext_wait_queue { /* queue of sleeping tasks */
struct task_struct *task;
struct list_head list;
@@ -62,7 +68,7 @@ struct mqueue_inode_info {
struct inode vfs_inode;
wait_queue_head_t wait_q;
- struct msg_msg **messages;
+ struct rb_root msg_tree;
struct mq_attr attr;
struct sigevent notify;
@@ -110,6 +116,90 @@ static struct ipc_namespace *get_ns_from_inode(struct inode *inode)
return ns;
}
+/* Auxiliary functions to manipulate messages' list */
+static int msg_insert(struct msg_msg *msg, struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
+{
+ struct rb_node **p, *parent = NULL;
+ struct posix_msg_tree_node *leaf;
+
+ p = &info->msg_tree.rb_node;
+ while (*p) {
+ parent = *p;
+ leaf = rb_entry(parent, struct posix_msg_tree_node, rb_node);
+
+ if (likely(leaf->priority == msg->m_type))
+ goto insert_msg;
+ else if (msg->m_type < leaf->priority)
+ p = &(*p)->rb_left;
+ else
+ p = &(*p)->rb_right;
+ }
+ leaf = kzalloc(sizeof(*leaf), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!leaf)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ rb_init_node(&leaf->rb_node);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&leaf->msg_list);
+ leaf->priority = msg->m_type;
+ rb_link_node(&leaf->rb_node, parent, p);
+ rb_insert_color(&leaf->rb_node, &info->msg_tree);
+ info->qsize += sizeof(struct posix_msg_tree_node);
+insert_msg:
+ info->attr.mq_curmsgs++;
+ info->qsize += msg->m_ts;
+ list_add_tail(&msg->m_list, &leaf->msg_list);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline struct msg_msg *msg_get(struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
+{
+ struct rb_node **p, *parent = NULL;
+ struct posix_msg_tree_node *leaf;
+ struct msg_msg *msg;
+
+try_again:
+ p = &info->msg_tree.rb_node;
+ while (*p) {
+ parent = *p;
+ /*
+ * During insert, low priorities go to the left and high to the
+ * right. On receive, we want the highest priorities first, so
+ * walk all the way to the right.
+ */
+ p = &(*p)->rb_right;
+ }
+ if (!parent) {
+ if (info->attr.mq_curmsgs) {
+ pr_warn_once("Inconsistency in POSIX message queue, "
+ "no tree element, but supposedly messages "
+ "should exist!\n");
+ info->attr.mq_curmsgs = 0;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+ }
+ leaf = rb_entry(parent, struct posix_msg_tree_node, rb_node);
+ if (list_empty(&leaf->msg_list)) {
+ pr_warn_once("Inconsistency in POSIX message queue, "
+ "empty leaf node but we haven't implemented "
+ "lazy leaf delete!\n");
+ rb_erase(&leaf->rb_node, &info->msg_tree);
+ info->qsize -= sizeof(struct posix_msg_tree_node);
+ kfree(leaf);
+ goto try_again;
+ } else {
+ msg = list_first_entry(&leaf->msg_list,
+ struct msg_msg, m_list);
+ list_del(&msg->m_list);
+ if (list_empty(&leaf->msg_list)) {
+ rb_erase(&leaf->rb_node, &info->msg_tree);
+ info->qsize -= sizeof(struct posix_msg_tree_node);
+ kfree(leaf);
+ }
+ }
+ info->attr.mq_curmsgs--;
+ info->qsize -= msg->m_ts;
+ return msg;
+}
+
static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns, umode_t mode,
struct mq_attr *attr)
@@ -130,7 +220,7 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
if (S_ISREG(mode)) {
struct mqueue_inode_info *info;
- unsigned long mq_bytes, mq_msg_tblsz;
+ unsigned long mq_bytes, mq_treesize;
inode->i_fop = &mqueue_file_operations;
inode->i_size = FILENT_SIZE;
@@ -144,6 +234,7 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
info->notify_user_ns = NULL;
info->qsize = 0;
info->user = NULL; /* set when all is ok */
+ info->msg_tree = RB_ROOT;
memset(&info->attr, 0, sizeof(info->attr));
info->attr.mq_maxmsg = min(ipc_ns->mq_msg_max,
ipc_ns->mq_msg_default);
@@ -153,16 +244,25 @@ static struct inode *mqueue_get_inode(struct super_block *sb,
info->attr.mq_maxmsg = attr->mq_maxmsg;
info->attr.mq_msgsize = attr->mq_msgsize;
}
- mq_msg_tblsz = info->attr.mq_maxmsg * sizeof(struct msg_msg *);
- if (mq_msg_tblsz > PAGE_SIZE)
- info->messages = vmalloc(mq_msg_tblsz);
- else
- info->messages = kmalloc(mq_msg_tblsz, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!info->messages)
- goto out_inode;
+ /*
+ * We used to allocate a static array of pointers and account
+ * the size of that array as well as one msg_msg struct per
+ * possible message into the queue size. That's no longer
+ * accurate as the queue is now an rbtree and will grow and
+ * shrink depending on usage patterns. We can, however, still
+ * account one msg_msg struct per message, but the nodes are
+ * allocated depending on priority usage, and most programs
+ * only use one, or a handful, of priorities. However, since
+ * this is pinned memory, we need to assume worst case, so
+ * that means the min(mq_maxmsg, max_priorities) * struct
+ * posix_msg_tree_node.
+ */
+ mq_treesize = info->attr.mq_maxmsg * sizeof(struct msg_msg) +
+ min_t(unsigned int, info->attr.mq_maxmsg, MQ_PRIO_MAX) *
+ sizeof(struct posix_msg_tree_node);
- mq_bytes = (mq_msg_tblsz +
- (info->attr.mq_maxmsg * info->attr.mq_msgsize));
+ mq_bytes = mq_treesize + (info->attr.mq_maxmsg *
+ info->attr.mq_msgsize);
spin_lock(&mq_lock);
if (u->mq_bytes + mq_bytes < u->mq_bytes ||
@@ -253,9 +353,9 @@ static void mqueue_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
{
struct mqueue_inode_info *info;
struct user_struct *user;
- unsigned long mq_bytes;
- int i;
+ unsigned long mq_bytes, mq_treesize;
struct ipc_namespace *ipc_ns;
+ struct msg_msg *msg;
clear_inode(inode);
@@ -265,17 +365,18 @@ static void mqueue_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
ipc_ns = get_ns_from_inode(inode);
info = MQUEUE_I(inode);
spin_lock(&info->lock);
- for (i = 0; i < info->attr.mq_curmsgs; i++)
- free_msg(info->messages[i]);
- if (is_vmalloc_addr(info->messages))
- vfree(info->messages);
- else
- kfree(info->messages);
+ while ((msg = msg_get(info)) != NULL)
+ free_msg(msg);
spin_unlock(&info->lock);
/* Total amount of bytes accounted for the mqueue */
- mq_bytes = info->attr.mq_maxmsg * (sizeof(struct msg_msg *)
- + info->attr.mq_msgsize);
+ mq_treesize = info->attr.mq_maxmsg * sizeof(struct msg_msg) +
+ min_t(unsigned int, info->attr.mq_maxmsg, MQ_PRIO_MAX) *
+ sizeof(struct posix_msg_tree_node);
+
+ mq_bytes = mq_treesize + (info->attr.mq_maxmsg *
+ info->attr.mq_msgsize);
+
user = info->user;
if (user) {
spin_lock(&mq_lock);
@@ -495,26 +596,6 @@ static struct ext_wait_queue *wq_get_first_waiter(
return list_entry(ptr, struct ext_wait_queue, list);
}
-/* Auxiliary functions to manipulate messages' list */
-static void msg_insert(struct msg_msg *ptr, struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
-{
- int k;
-
- k = info->attr.mq_curmsgs - 1;
- while (k >= 0 && info->messages[k]->m_type >= ptr->m_type) {
- info->messages[k + 1] = info->messages[k];
- k--;
- }
- info->attr.mq_curmsgs++;
- info->qsize += ptr->m_ts;
- info->messages[k + 1] = ptr;
-}
-
-static inline struct msg_msg *msg_get(struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
-{
- info->qsize -= info->messages[--info->attr.mq_curmsgs]->m_ts;
- return info->messages[info->attr.mq_curmsgs];
-}
static inline void set_cookie(struct sk_buff *skb, char code)
{
@@ -848,7 +929,8 @@ static inline void pipelined_receive(struct mqueue_inode_info *info)
wake_up_interruptible(&info->wait_q);
return;
}
- msg_insert(sender->msg, info);
+ if (msg_insert(sender->msg, info))
+ return;
list_del(&sender->list);
sender->state = STATE_PENDING;
wake_up_process(sender->task);
@@ -936,7 +1018,12 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(mq_timedsend, mqd_t, mqdes, const char __user *, u_msg_ptr,
pipelined_send(info, msg_ptr, receiver);
} else {
/* adds message to the queue */
- msg_insert(msg_ptr, info);
+ if (msg_insert(msg_ptr, info)) {
+ free_msg(msg_ptr);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ spin_unlock(&info->lock);
+ goto out_fput;
+ }
__do_notify(info);
}
inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime =