path: root/fs/ext4/namei.c
diff options
authorAndreas Dilger <adilger@dilger.ca>2017-08-05 19:47:34 -0400
committerTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>2017-08-05 19:47:34 -0400
commitc7414892067204fcb8f8ebb4309d0fdd8c7242fe (patch)
tree46027eb3079c9e58dbda801bdaf4e54ea46fb67f /fs/ext4/namei.c
parent381cebfe72e17e495281c07c976797f5a397515a (diff)
ext4: fix dir_nlink behaviour
The dir_nlink feature has been enabled by default for new ext4 filesystems since e2fsprogs-1.41 in 2008, and was automatically enabled by the kernel for older ext4 filesystems since the dir_nlink feature was added with ext4 in kernel 2.6.28+ when the subdirectory count exceeded EXT4_LINK_MAX-1. Automatically adding the file system features such as dir_nlink is generally frowned upon, since it could cause the file system to not be mountable on older kernel, thus preventing the administrator from rolling back to an older kernel if necessary. In this case, the administrator might also want to disable the feature because glibc's fts_read() function does not correctly optimize directory traversal for directories that use st_nlinks field of 1 to indicate that the number of links in the directory are not tracked by the file system, and could fail to traverse the full directory hierarchy. Fortunately, in the past ten years very few users have complained about incomplete file system traversal by glibc's fts_read(). This commit also changes ext4_inc_count() to allow i_nlinks to reach the full EXT4_LINK_MAX links on the parent directory (including "." and "..") before changing i_links_count to be 1. Bugzilla: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=196405 Signed-off-by: Andreas Dilger <adilger@dilger.ca> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/ext4/namei.c')
1 files changed, 12 insertions, 9 deletions
diff --git a/fs/ext4/namei.c b/fs/ext4/namei.c
index 13f0cadb1238..cc986b824181 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/namei.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/namei.c
@@ -2395,19 +2395,22 @@ out:
- * DIR_NLINK feature is set if 1) nlinks > EXT4_LINK_MAX or 2) nlinks == 2,
- * since this indicates that nlinks count was previously 1.
+ * Set directory link count to 1 if nlinks > EXT4_LINK_MAX, or if nlinks == 2
+ * since this indicates that nlinks count was previously 1 to avoid overflowing
+ * the 16-bit i_links_count field on disk. Directories with i_nlink == 1 mean
+ * that subdirectory link counts are not being maintained accurately.
+ *
+ * The caller has already checked for i_nlink overflow in case the DIR_LINK
+ * feature is not enabled and returned -EMLINK. The is_dx() check is a proxy
+ * for checking S_ISDIR(inode) (since the INODE_INDEX feature will not be set
+ * on regular files) and to avoid creating huge/slow non-HTREE directories.
static void ext4_inc_count(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode)
- if (is_dx(inode) && inode->i_nlink > 1) {
- /* limit is 16-bit i_links_count */
- if (inode->i_nlink >= EXT4_LINK_MAX || inode->i_nlink == 2) {
- set_nlink(inode, 1);
- ext4_set_feature_dir_nlink(inode->i_sb);
- }
- }
+ if (is_dx(inode) &&
+ (inode->i_nlink > EXT4_LINK_MAX || inode->i_nlink == 2))
+ set_nlink(inode, 1);