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authorGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-11-01 15:07:57 +0100
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2017-11-02 11:10:55 +0100
commitb24413180f5600bcb3bb70fbed5cf186b60864bd (patch)
tree4ebcae0dab27ee8bfcecb9a5daf65353c6dd7ed6 /arch/m68k/kernel
parentbb176f67090ca54869fc1262c913aa69d2ede070 (diff)
downloadlinux-stericsson-b24413180f5600bcb3bb70fbed5cf186b60864bd.tar.gz
License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/m68k/kernel')
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/asm-offsets.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/bootinfo_proc.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/machine_kexec.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/process.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/relocate_kernel.S1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/setup.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/setup_mm.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/setup_no.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/sun3-head.S1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/sys_m68k.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-nommu.lds1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-std.lds1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-sun3.lds1
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S1
16 files changed, 16 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/Makefile b/arch/m68k/kernel/Makefile
index 74c898ced8cc..dbac7f8743fc 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#
# Makefile for the linux kernel.
#
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/asm-offsets.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/asm-offsets.c
index 3a386341aa6e..ccea355052ef 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/asm-offsets.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/asm-offsets.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* This program is used to generate definitions needed by
* assembly language modules.
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/bootinfo_proc.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/bootinfo_proc.c
index 2a33a9645ad8..3b9cab84917d 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/bootinfo_proc.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/bootinfo_proc.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* Based on arch/arm/kernel/atags_proc.c
*/
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/machine_kexec.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/machine_kexec.c
index d4affc917d9d..206f84983120 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/machine_kexec.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/machine_kexec.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* machine_kexec.c - handle transition of Linux booting another kernel
*/
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/process.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/process.c
index 7df92f8b0781..4e77a06735c1 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/process.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/arch/m68k/kernel/process.c
*
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/relocate_kernel.S b/arch/m68k/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
index 3e09a89067ad..ab0f1e7d4653 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/relocate_kernel.S
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/setup.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/setup.c
index 4bf129f1d2e2..854e09f403e7 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/setup.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
#include "setup_mm.c"
#else
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_mm.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_mm.c
index 7a2c21212820..657a9843ebfa 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_mm.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_mm.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/arch/m68k/kernel/setup.c
*
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_no.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_no.c
index 8afe6f651c1c..a98af1018201 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_no.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/setup_no.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/arch/m68knommu/kernel/setup.c
*
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/sun3-head.S b/arch/m68k/kernel/sun3-head.S
index 43036bf4aeed..faf18f4fab1f 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/sun3-head.S
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/sun3-head.S
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/sys_m68k.c b/arch/m68k/kernel/sys_m68k.c
index 933e4815dac8..27e10af5153a 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/sys_m68k.c
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/sys_m68k.c
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
/*
* linux/arch/m68k/kernel/sys_m68k.c
*
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S
index 8c9fcfafe0dd..2c8402e75f62 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalltable.S
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* Copyright (C) 2002, Greg Ungerer (gerg@snapgear.com)
*
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-nommu.lds b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-nommu.lds
index d2c8abf1c8c4..3aa571a513b5 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-nommu.lds
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-nommu.lds
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/*
* vmlinux.lds.S -- master linker script for m68knommu arch
*
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-std.lds b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-std.lds
index 5b5ce1e4d1ed..89172b8974b9 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-std.lds
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-std.lds
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* ld script to make m68k Linux kernel */
#include <asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h>
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-sun3.lds b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-sun3.lds
index fe5ea1974b16..293990efc917 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-sun3.lds
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux-sun3.lds
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
/* ld script to make m68k Linux kernel */
#include <asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h>
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 69ec79638870..d3d3c305ebc9 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#if defined(CONFIG_MMU) && !defined(CONFIG_COLDFIRE)
PHDRS
{