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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
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tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/sound/alsa/ALSA-Configuration.txt
downloadlinux-stericsson-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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+
+ Advanced Linux Sound Architecture - Driver
+ ==========================================
+ Configuration guide
+
+
+Kernel Configuration
+====================
+
+To enable ALSA support you need at least to build the kernel with
+primary sound card support (CONFIG_SOUND). Since ALSA can emulate OSS,
+you don't have to choose any of the OSS modules.
+
+Enable "OSS API emulation" (CONFIG_SND_OSSEMUL) and both OSS mixer and
+PCM supports if you want to run OSS applications with ALSA.
+
+If you want to support the WaveTable functionality on cards such as
+SB Live! then you need to enable "Sequencer support"
+(CONFIG_SND_SEQUENCER).
+
+To make ALSA debug messages more verbose, enable the "Verbose printk"
+and "Debug" options. To check for memory leaks, turn on "Debug memory"
+too. "Debug detection" will add checks for the detection of cards.
+
+Please note that all the ALSA ISA drivers support the Linux isapnp API
+(if the card supports ISA PnP). You don't need to configure the cards
+using isapnptools.
+
+
+Creating ALSA devices
+=====================
+
+This depends on your distribution, but normally you use the /dev/MAKEDEV
+script to create the necessary device nodes. On some systems you use a
+script named 'snddevices'.
+
+
+Module parameters
+=================
+
+The user can load modules with options. If the module supports more than
+one card and you have more than one card of the same type then you can
+specify multiple values for the option separated by commas.
+
+Prior to version 0.9.0rc4 options had a 'snd_' prefix. This was removed.
+
+ Module snd
+ ----------
+
+ The core ALSA module. It is used by all ALSA card drivers.
+ It takes the following options which have global effects.
+
+ major - major number for sound driver
+ - Default: 116
+ cards_limit
+ - limiting card index for auto-loading (1-8)
+ - Default: 1
+ - For auto-loading more than one card, specify this
+ option together with snd-card-X aliases.
+ device_mode
+ - permission mask for dynamic sound device filesystem
+ - This is available only when DEVFS is enabled
+ - Default: 0666
+ - E.g.: device_mode=0660
+
+
+ Module snd-pcm-oss
+ ------------------
+
+ The PCM OSS emulation module.
+ This module takes options which change the mapping of devices.
+
+ dsp_map - PCM device number maps assigned to the 1st OSS device.
+ - Default: 0
+ adsp_map - PCM device number maps assigned to the 2st OSS device.
+ - Default: 1
+ nonblock_open
+ - Don't block opening busy PCM devices.
+
+ For example, when dsp_map=2, /dev/dsp will be mapped to PCM #2 of
+ the card #0. Similarly, when adsp_map=0, /dev/adsp will be mapped
+ to PCM #0 of the card #0.
+ For changing the second or later card, specify the option with
+ commas, such like "dsp_map=0,1".
+
+ nonblock_open option is used to change the behavior of the PCM
+ regarding opening the device. When this option is non-zero,
+ opening a busy OSS PCM device won't be blocked but return
+ immediately with EAGAIN (just like O_NONBLOCK flag).
+
+ Module snd-rawmidi
+ ------------------
+
+ This module takes options which change the mapping of devices.
+ similar to those of the snd-pcm-oss module.
+
+ midi_map - MIDI device number maps assigned to the 1st OSS device.
+ - Default: 0
+ amidi_map - MIDI device number maps assigned to the 2st OSS device.
+ - Default: 1
+
+ Common parameters for top sound card modules
+ --------------------------------------------
+
+ Each of top level sound card module takes the following options.
+
+ index - index (slot #) of sound card
+ - Values: 0 through 7 or negative
+ - If nonnegative, assign that index number
+ - if negative, interpret as a bitmask of permissible
+ indices; the first free permitted index is assigned
+ - Default: -1
+ id - card ID (identifier or name)
+ - Can be up to 15 characters long
+ - Default: the card type
+ - A directory by this name is created under /proc/asound/
+ containing information about the card
+ - This ID can be used instead of the index number in
+ identifying the card
+ enable - enable card
+ - Default: enabled, for PCI and ISA PnP cards
+
+ Module snd-ad1816a
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on Analog Devices AD1816A/AD1815 ISA chips.
+
+ port - port # for AD1816A chip (PnP setup)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 (PnP setup)
+ irq - IRQ # for AD1816A chip (PnP setup)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for AD1816A chip (PnP setup)
+ dma2 - second DMA # for AD1816A chip (PnP setup)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-ad1848
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on AD1848/AD1847/CS4248 ISA chips.
+
+ port - port # for AD1848 chip
+ irq - IRQ # for AD1848 chip
+ dma1 - DMA # for AD1848 chip (0,1,3)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. This module does not support autoprobe
+ thus main port must be specified!!! Other ports are optional.
+
+ Module snd-ali5451
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for ALi M5451 PCI chip.
+
+ pcm_channels - Number of hardware channels assigned for PCM
+ spdif - Support SPDIF I/O
+ - Default: disabled
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple chips (max 8).
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-als100
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on Avance Logic ALS100/ALS120 ISA chips.
+
+ port - port # for ALS100 (SB16) chip (PnP setup)
+ irq - IRQ # for ALS100 (SB16) chip (PnP setup)
+ dma8 - 8-bit DMA # for ALS100 (SB16) chip (PnP setup)
+ dma16 - 16-bit DMA # for ALS100 (SB16) chip (PnP setup)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 (PnP setup)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 FM (PnP setup)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-als4000
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on Avance Logic ALS4000 PCI chip.
+
+ joystick_port - port # for legacy joystick support.
+ 0 = disabled (default), 1 = auto-detect
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-atiixp
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for ATI IXP 150/200/250 AC97 controllers.
+
+ ac97_clock - AC'97 clock (defalut = 48000)
+ ac97_quirk - AC'97 workaround for strange hardware
+ See the description of intel8x0 module for details.
+ spdif_aclink - S/PDIF transfer over AC-link (default = 1)
+
+ This module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-atiixp-modem
+ -----------------------
+
+ Module for ATI IXP 150/200/250 AC97 modem controllers.
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Note: The default index value of this module is -2, i.e. the first
+ slot is excluded.
+
+ Module snd-au8810, snd-au8820, snd-au8830
+ -----------------------------------------
+
+ Module for Aureal Vortex, Vortex2 and Advantage device.
+
+ pcifix - Control PCI workarounds
+ 0 = Disable all workarounds
+ 1 = Force the PCI latency of the Aureal card to 0xff
+ 2 = Force the Extend PCI#2 Internal Master for Efficient
+ Handling of Dummy Requests on the VIA KT133 AGP Bridge
+ 3 = Force both settings
+ 255 = Autodetect what is required (default)
+
+ This module supports all ADB PCM channels, ac97 mixer, SPDIF, hardware
+ EQ, mpu401, gameport. A3D and wavetable support are still in development.
+ Development and reverse engineering work is being coordinated at
+ http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/openvortex/
+ SPDIF output has a copy of the AC97 codec output, unless you use the
+ "spdif" pcm device, which allows raw data passthru.
+ The hardware EQ hardware and SPDIF is only present in the Vortex2 and
+ Advantage.
+
+ Note: Some ALSA mixer applicactions don't handle the SPDIF samplerate
+ control correctly. If you have problems regarding this, try
+ another ALSA compliant mixer (alsamixer works).
+
+ Module snd-azt2320
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on Aztech System AZT2320 ISA chip (PnP only).
+
+ port - port # for AZT2320 chip (PnP setup)
+ wss_port - port # for WSS (PnP setup)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup)
+ fm_port - FM port # for AZT2320 chip (PnP setup)
+ irq - IRQ # for AZT2320 (WSS) chip (PnP setup)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup)
+ dma1 - 1st DMA # for AZT2320 (WSS) chip (PnP setup)
+ dma2 - 2nd DMA # for AZT2320 (WSS) chip (PnP setup)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, PnP and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-azt3328
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on Aztech AZF3328 PCI chip.
+
+ joystick - Enable joystick (default off)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-bt87x
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for video cards based on Bt87x chips.
+
+ digital_rate - Override the default digital rate (Hz)
+ load_all - Load the driver even if the card model isn't known
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Note: The default index value of this module is -2, i.e. the first
+ slot is excluded.
+
+ Module snd-ca0106
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Creative Audigy LS and SB Live 24bit
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+
+ Module snd-cmi8330
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on C-Media CMI8330 ISA chips.
+
+ wssport - port # for CMI8330 chip (WSS)
+ wssirq - IRQ # for CMI8330 chip (WSS)
+ wssdma - first DMA # for CMI8330 chip (WSS)
+ sbport - port # for CMI8330 chip (SB16)
+ sbirq - IRQ # for CMI8330 chip (SB16)
+ sbdma8 - 8bit DMA # for CMI8330 chip (SB16)
+ sbdma16 - 16bit DMA # for CMI8330 chip (SB16)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-cmipci
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for C-Media CMI8338 and 8738 PCI sound cards.
+
+ mpu_port - 0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330, 0 = disable (default)
+ fm_port - 0x388 (default), 0 = disable (default)
+ soft_ac3 - Sofware-conversion of raw SPDIF packets (model 033 only)
+ (default = 1)
+ joystick_port - Joystick port address (0 = disable, 1 = auto-detect)
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple chips (max 8).
+
+ Module snd-cs4231
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on CS4231 ISA chips.
+
+ port - port # for CS4231 chip
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (optional), -1 = disable
+ irq - IRQ # for CS4231 chip
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART
+ dma1 - first DMA # for CS4231 chip
+ dma2 - second DMA # for CS4231 chip
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. This module does not support autoprobe
+ thus main port must be specified!!! Other ports are optional.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-cs4232
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on CS4232/CS4232A ISA chips.
+
+ port - port # for CS4232 chip (PnP setup - 0x534)
+ cport - control port # for CS4232 chip (PnP setup - 0x120,0x210,0xf00)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup - 0x300), -1 = disable
+ fm_port - FM port # for CS4232 chip (PnP setup - 0x388), -1 = disable
+ irq - IRQ # for CS4232 chip (5,7,9,11,12,15)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (9,11,12,15)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for CS4232 chip (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - second DMA # for Yamaha CS4232 chip (0,1,3), -1 = disable
+ isapnp - ISA PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. This module does not support autoprobe
+ thus main port must be specified!!! Other ports are optional.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-cs4236
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on CS4235/CS4236/CS4236B/CS4237B/
+ CS4238B/CS4239 ISA chips.
+
+ port - port # for CS4236 chip (PnP setup - 0x534)
+ cport - control port # for CS4236 chip (PnP setup - 0x120,0x210,0xf00)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (PnP setup - 0x300), -1 = disable
+ fm_port - FM port # for CS4236 chip (PnP setup - 0x388), -1 = disable
+ irq - IRQ # for CS4236 chip (5,7,9,11,12,15)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (9,11,12,15)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for CS4236 chip (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - second DMA # for CS4236 chip (0,1,3), -1 = disable
+ isapnp - ISA PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. This module does not support autoprobe
+ (if ISA PnP is not used) thus main port and control port must be
+ specified!!! Other ports are optional.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-cs4281
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Cirrus Logic CS4281 soundchip.
+
+ dual_codec - Secondary codec ID (0 = disable, default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-cs46xx
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for PCI sound cards based on CS4610/CS4612/CS4614/CS4615/CS4622/
+ CS4624/CS4630/CS4280 PCI chips.
+
+ external_amp - Force to enable external amplifer.
+ thinkpad - Force to enable Thinkpad's CLKRUN control.
+ mmap_valid - Support OSS mmap mode (default = 0).
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+ Usually external amp and CLKRUN controls are detected automatically
+ from PCI sub vendor/device ids. If they don't work, give the options
+ above explicitly.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-dt019x
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Diamond Technologies DT-019X / Avance Logic ALS-007 (PnP
+ only)
+
+ port - Port # (PnP setup)
+ mpu_port - Port # for MPU-401 (PnP setup)
+ fm_port - Port # for FM OPL-3 (PnP setup)
+ irq - IRQ # (PnP setup)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 (PnP setup)
+ dma8 - DMA # (PnP setup)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. This module is enabled only with
+ ISA PnP support.
+
+ Module snd-dummy
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for the dummy sound card. This "card" doesn't do any output
+ or input, but you may use this module for any application which
+ requires a sound card (like RealPlayer).
+
+ Module snd-emu10k1
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for EMU10K1/EMU10k2 based PCI sound cards.
+ * Sound Blaster Live!
+ * Sound Blaster PCI 512
+ * Emu APS (partially supported)
+ * Sound Blaster Audigy
+
+ extin - bitmap of available external inputs for FX8010 (see bellow)
+ extout - bitmap of available external outputs for FX8010 (see bellow)
+ seq_ports - allocated sequencer ports (4 by default)
+ max_synth_voices - limit of voices used for wavetable (64 by default)
+ max_buffer_size - specifies the maximum size of wavetable/pcm buffers
+ given in MB unit. Default value is 128.
+ enable_ir - enable IR
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Input & Output configurations [extin/extout]
+ * Creative Card wo/Digital out [0x0003/0x1f03]
+ * Creative Card w/Digital out [0x0003/0x1f0f]
+ * Creative Card w/Digital CD in [0x000f/0x1f0f]
+ * Creative Card wo/Digital out + LiveDrive [0x3fc3/0x1fc3]
+ * Creative Card w/Digital out + LiveDrive [0x3fc3/0x1fcf]
+ * Creative Card w/Digital CD in + LiveDrive [0x3fcf/0x1fcf]
+ * Creative Card wo/Digital out + Digital I/O 2 [0x0fc3/0x1f0f]
+ * Creative Card w/Digital out + Digital I/O 2 [0x0fc3/0x1f0f]
+ * Creative Card w/Digital CD in + Digital I/O 2 [0x0fcf/0x1f0f]
+ * Creative Card 5.1/w Digital out + LiveDrive [0x3fc3/0x1fff]
+ * Creative Card 5.1 (c) 2003 [0x3fc3/0x7cff]
+ * Creative Card all ins and outs [0x3fff/0x7fff]
+
+ Module snd-emu10k1x
+ -------------------
+
+ Module for Creative Emu10k1X (SB Live Dell OEM version)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-ens1370
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Ensoniq AudioPCI ES1370 PCI sound cards.
+ * SoundBlaster PCI 64
+ * SoundBlaster PCI 128
+
+ joystick - Enable joystick (default off)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-ens1371
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Ensoniq AudioPCI ES1371 PCI sound cards.
+ * SoundBlaster PCI 64
+ * SoundBlaster PCI 128
+ * SoundBlaster Vibra PCI
+
+ joystick_port - port # for joystick (0x200,0x208,0x210,0x218),
+ 0 = disable (default), 1 = auto-detect
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-es968
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on ESS ES968 chip (PnP only).
+
+ port - port # for ES968 (SB8) chip (PnP setup)
+ irq - IRQ # for ES968 (SB8) chip (PnP setup)
+ dma1 - DMA # for ES968 (SB8) chip (PnP setup)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, PnP and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-es1688
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for ESS AudioDrive ES-1688 and ES-688 sound cards.
+
+ port - port # for ES-1688 chip (0x220,0x240,0x260)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 port (0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330), -1 = disable (default)
+ irq - IRQ # for ES-1688 chip (5,7,9,10)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 port (5,7,9,10)
+ dma8 - DMA # for ES-1688 chip (0,1,3)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe (without MPU-401 port).
+
+ Module snd-es18xx
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for ESS AudioDrive ES-18xx sound cards.
+
+ port - port # for ES-18xx chip (0x220,0x240,0x260)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 port (0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330), -1 = disable (default)
+ fm_port - port # for FM (optional, not used)
+ irq - IRQ # for ES-18xx chip (5,7,9,10)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for ES-18xx chip (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - first DMA # for ES-18xx chip (0,1,3)
+ isapnp - ISA PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards ISA PnP and autoprobe (without MPU-401 port
+ if native ISA PnP routines are not used).
+ When dma2 is equal with dma1, the driver works as half-duplex.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-es1938
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on ESS Solo-1 (ES1938,ES1946) chips.
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-es1968
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on ESS Maestro-1/2/2E (ES1968/ES1978) chips.
+
+ total_bufsize - total buffer size in kB (1-4096kB)
+ pcm_substreams_p - playback channels (1-8, default=2)
+ pcm_substreams_c - capture channels (1-8, default=0)
+ clock - clock (0 = auto-detection)
+ use_pm - support the power-management (0 = off, 1 = on,
+ 2 = auto (default))
+ enable_mpu - enable MPU401 (0 = off, 1 = on, 2 = auto (default))
+ joystick - enable joystick (default off)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-fm801
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for ForteMedia FM801 based PCI sound cards.
+
+ tea575x_tuner - Enable TEA575x tuner
+ - 1 = MediaForte 256-PCS
+ - 2 = MediaForte 256-PCPR
+ - 3 = MediaForte 64-PCR
+ - High 16-bits are video (radio) device number + 1
+ - example: 0x10002 (MediaForte 256-PCPR, device 1)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-gusclassic
+ ---------------------
+
+ Module for Gravis UltraSound Classic sound card.
+
+ port - port # for GF1 chip (0x220,0x230,0x240,0x250,0x260)
+ irq - IRQ # for GF1 chip (3,5,9,11,12,15)
+ dma1 - DMA # for GF1 chip (1,3,5,6,7)
+ dma2 - DMA # for GF1 chip (1,3,5,6,7,-1=disable)
+ joystick_dac - 0 to 31, (0.59V-4.52V or 0.389V-2.98V)
+ voices - GF1 voices limit (14-32)
+ pcm_voices - reserved PCM voices
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-gusextreme
+ ---------------------
+
+ Module for Gravis UltraSound Extreme (Synergy ViperMax) sound card.
+
+ port - port # for ES-1688 chip (0x220,0x230,0x240,0x250,0x260)
+ gf1_port - port # for GF1 chip (0x210,0x220,0x230,0x240,0x250,0x260,0x270)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 port (0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330), -1 = disable
+ irq - IRQ # for ES-1688 chip (5,7,9,10)
+ gf1_irq - IRQ # for GF1 chip (3,5,9,11,12,15)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 port (5,7,9,10)
+ dma8 - DMA # for ES-1688 chip (0,1,3)
+ dma1 - DMA # for GF1 chip (1,3,5,6,7)
+ joystick_dac - 0 to 31, (0.59V-4.52V or 0.389V-2.98V)
+ voices - GF1 voices limit (14-32)
+ pcm_voices - reserved PCM voices
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe (without MPU-401 port).
+
+ Module snd-gusmax
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Gravis UltraSound MAX sound card.
+
+ port - port # for GF1 chip (0x220,0x230,0x240,0x250,0x260)
+ irq - IRQ # for GF1 chip (3,5,9,11,12,15)
+ dma1 - DMA # for GF1 chip (1,3,5,6,7)
+ dma2 - DMA # for GF1 chip (1,3,5,6,7,-1=disable)
+ joystick_dac - 0 to 31, (0.59V-4.52V or 0.389V-2.98V)
+ voices - GF1 voices limit (14-32)
+ pcm_voices - reserved PCM voices
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-hda-intel
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for Intel HD Audio (ICH6, ICH6M, ICH7)
+
+ model - force the model name
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Each codec may have a model table for different configurations.
+ If your machine isn't listed there, the default (usually minimal)
+ configuration is set up. You can pass "model=<name>" option to
+ specify a certain model in such a case. There are different
+ models depending on the codec chip.
+
+ Model name Description
+ ---------- -----------
+ ALC880
+ 3stack 3-jack in back and a headphone out
+ 3stack-digout 3-jack in back, a HP out and a SPDIF out
+ 5stack 5-jack in back, 2-jack in front
+ 5stack-digout 5-jack in back, 2-jack in front, a SPDIF out
+ w810 3-jack
+
+ CMI9880
+ minimal 3-jack in back
+ min_fp 3-jack in back, 2-jack in front
+ full 6-jack in back, 2-jack in front
+ full_dig 6-jack in back, 2-jack in front, SPDIF I/O
+ allout 5-jack in back, 2-jack in front, SPDIF out
+
+ Module snd-hdsp
+ ---------------
+
+ Module for RME Hammerfall DSP audio interface(s)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Note: The firmware data can be automatically loaded via hotplug
+ when CONFIG_FW_LOADER is set. Otherwise, you need to load
+ the firmware via hdsploader utility included in alsa-tools
+ package.
+ The firmware data is found in alsa-firmware package.
+
+ Note: snd-page-alloc module does the job which snd-hammerfall-mem
+ module did formerly. It will allocate the buffers in advance
+ when any HDSP cards are found. To make the buffer
+ allocation sure, load snd-page-alloc module in the early
+ stage of boot sequence.
+
+ Module snd-ice1712
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Envy24 (ICE1712) based PCI sound cards.
+ * MidiMan M Audio Delta 1010
+ * MidiMan M Audio Delta 1010LT
+ * MidiMan M Audio Delta DiO 2496
+ * MidiMan M Audio Delta 66
+ * MidiMan M Audio Delta 44
+ * MidiMan M Audio Delta 410
+ * MidiMan M Audio Audiophile 2496
+ * TerraTec EWS 88MT
+ * TerraTec EWS 88D
+ * TerraTec EWX 24/96
+ * TerraTec DMX 6Fire
+ * Hoontech SoundTrack DSP 24
+ * Hoontech SoundTrack DSP 24 Value
+ * Hoontech SoundTrack DSP 24 Media 7.1
+ * Digigram VX442
+
+ model - Use the given board model, one of the following:
+ delta1010, dio2496, delta66, delta44, audiophile, delta410,
+ delta1010lt, vx442, ewx2496, ews88mt, ews88mt_new, ews88d,
+ dmx6fire, dsp24, dsp24_value, dsp24_71, ez8
+ omni - Omni I/O support for MidiMan M-Audio Delta44/66
+ cs8427_timeout - reset timeout for the CS8427 chip (S/PDIF transciever)
+ in msec resolution, default value is 500 (0.5 sec)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe. Note: The consumer part
+ is not used with all Envy24 based cards (for example in the MidiMan Delta
+ serie).
+
+ Module snd-ice1724
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Envy24HT (VT/ICE1724) based PCI sound cards.
+ * MidiMan M Audio Revolution 7.1
+ * AMP Ltd AUDIO2000
+ * TerraTec Aureon Sky-5.1, Space-7.1
+
+ model - Use the given board model, one of the following:
+ revo71, amp2000, prodigy71, aureon51, aureon71,
+ k8x800
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-intel8x0
+ -------------------
+
+ Module for AC'97 motherboards from Intel and compatibles.
+ * Intel i810/810E, i815, i820, i830, i84x, MX440
+ * SiS 7012 (SiS 735)
+ * NVidia NForce, NForce2
+ * AMD AMD768, AMD8111
+ * ALi m5455
+
+ ac97_clock - AC'97 codec clock base (0 = auto-detect)
+ ac97_quirk - AC'97 workaround for strange hardware
+ The following strings are accepted:
+ default = don't override the default setting
+ disable = disable the quirk
+ hp_only = use headphone control as master
+ swap_hp = swap headphone and master controls
+ swap_surround = swap master and surround controls
+ ad_sharing = for AD1985, turn on OMS bit and use headphone
+ alc_jack = for ALC65x, turn on the jack sense mode
+ inv_eapd = inverted EAPD implementation
+ mute_led = bind EAPD bit for turning on/off mute LED
+ For backward compatibility, the corresponding integer
+ value -1, 0, ... are accepted, too.
+ buggy_irq - Enable workaround for buggy interrupts on some
+ motherboards (default off)
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple bus-master chips (max 8).
+
+ Note: the latest driver supports auto-detection of chip clock.
+ if you still encounter too fast playback, specify the clock
+ explicitly via the module option "ac97_clock=41194".
+
+ Joystick/MIDI ports are not supported by this driver. If your
+ motherboard has these devices, use the ns558 or snd-mpu401
+ modules, respectively.
+
+ The ac97_quirk option is used to enable/override the workaround
+ for specific devices. Some hardware have swapped output pins
+ between Master and Headphone, or Surround. The driver provides
+ the auto-detection of known problematic devices, but some might
+ be unknown or wrongly detected. In such a case, pass the proper
+ value with this option.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-intel8x0m
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for Intel ICH (i8x0) chipset MC97 modems.
+
+ ac97_clock - AC'97 codec clock base (0 = auto-detect)
+
+ This module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Note: The default index value of this module is -2, i.e. the first
+ slot is excluded.
+
+ Module snd-interwave
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for Gravis UltraSound PnP, Dynasonic 3-D/Pro, STB Sound Rage 32
+ and other sound cards based on AMD InterWave (tm) chip.
+
+ port - port # for InterWave chip (0x210,0x220,0x230,0x240,0x250,0x260)
+ irq - IRQ # for InterWave chip (3,5,9,11,12,15)
+ dma1 - DMA # for InterWave chip (0,1,3,5,6,7)
+ dma2 - DMA # for InterWave chip (0,1,3,5,6,7,-1=disable)
+ joystick_dac - 0 to 31, (0.59V-4.52V or 0.389V-2.98V)
+ midi - 1 = MIDI UART enable, 0 = MIDI UART disable (default)
+ pcm_voices - reserved PCM voices for the synthesizer (default 2)
+ effect - 1 = InterWave effects enable (default 0);
+ requires 8 voices
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and ISA PnP.
+
+ Module snd-interwave-stb
+ ------------------------
+
+ Module for UltraSound 32-Pro (sound card from STB used by Compaq)
+ and other sound cards based on AMD InterWave (tm) chip with TEA6330T
+ circuit for extended control of bass, treble and master volume.
+
+ port - port # for InterWave chip (0x210,0x220,0x230,0x240,0x250,0x260)
+ port_tc - tone control (i2c bus) port # for TEA6330T chip (0x350,0x360,0x370,0x380)
+ irq - IRQ # for InterWave chip (3,5,9,11,12,15)
+ dma1 - DMA # for InterWave chip (0,1,3,5,6,7)
+ dma2 - DMA # for InterWave chip (0,1,3,5,6,7,-1=disable)
+ joystick_dac - 0 to 31, (0.59V-4.52V or 0.389V-2.98V)
+ midi - 1 = MIDI UART enable, 0 = MIDI UART disable (default)
+ pcm_voices - reserved PCM voices for the synthesizer (default 2)
+ effect - 1 = InterWave effects enable (default 0);
+ requires 8 voices
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and ISA PnP.
+
+ Module snd-korg1212
+ -------------------
+
+ Module for Korg 1212 IO PCI card
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-maestro3
+ -------------------
+
+ Module for Allegro/Maestro3 chips
+
+ external_amp - enable external amp (enabled by default)
+ amp_gpio - GPIO pin number for external amp (0-15) or
+ -1 for default pin (8 for allegro, 1 for
+ others)
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple chips (max 8).
+
+ Note: the binding of amplifier is dependent on hardware.
+ If there is no sound even though all channels are unmuted, try to
+ specify other gpio connection via amp_gpio option.
+ For example, a Panasonic notebook might need "amp_gpio=0x0d"
+ option.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-mixart
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Digigram miXart8 sound cards.
+
+ Module supports multiple cards.
+ Note: One miXart8 board will be represented as 4 alsa cards.
+ See MIXART.txt for details.
+
+ When the driver is compiled as a module and the hotplug firmware
+ is supported, the firmware data is loaded via hotplug automatically.
+ Install the necessary firmware files in alsa-firmware package.
+ When no hotplug fw loader is available, you need to load the
+ firmware via mixartloader utility in alsa-tools package.
+
+ Module snd-mpu401
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for MPU-401 UART devices.
+
+ port - port number or -1 (disable)
+ irq - IRQ number or -1 (disable)
+ pnp - PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports multiple devices (max 8) and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-mtpav
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for MOTU MidiTimePiece AV multiport MIDI (on the parallel
+ port).
+
+ port - I/O port # for MTPAV (0x378,0x278, default=0x378)
+ irq - IRQ # for MTPAV (7,5, default=7)
+ hwports - number of supported hardware ports, default=8.
+
+ Module supports only 1 card. This module has no enable option.
+
+ Module snd-nm256
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for NeoMagic NM256AV/ZX chips
+
+ playback_bufsize - max playback frame size in kB (4-128kB)
+ capture_bufsize - max capture frame size in kB (4-128kB)
+ force_ac97 - 0 or 1 (disabled by default)
+ buffer_top - specify buffer top address
+ use_cache - 0 or 1 (disabled by default)
+ vaio_hack - alias buffer_top=0x25a800
+ reset_workaround - enable AC97 RESET workaround for some laptops
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple chips (max 8).
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Note: on some notebooks the buffer address cannot be detected
+ automatically, or causes hang-up during initialization.
+ In such a case, specify the buffer top address explicity via
+ buffer_top option.
+ For example,
+ Sony F250: buffer_top=0x25a800
+ Sony F270: buffer_top=0x272800
+ The driver supports only ac97 codec. It's possible to force
+ to initialize/use ac97 although it's not detected. In such a
+ case, use force_ac97=1 option - but *NO* guarantee whether it
+ works!
+
+ Note: The NM256 chip can be linked internally with non-AC97
+ codecs. This driver supports only the AC97 codec, and won't work
+ with machines with other (most likely CS423x or OPL3SAx) chips,
+ even though the device is detected in lspci. In such a case, try
+ other drivers, e.g. snd-cs4232 or snd-opl3sa2. Some has ISA-PnP
+ but some doesn't have ISA PnP. You'll need to speicfy isapnp=0
+ and proper hardware parameters in the case without ISA PnP.
+
+ Note: some laptops need a workaround for AC97 RESET. For the
+ known hardware like Dell Latitude LS and Sony PCG-F305, this
+ workaround is enabled automatically. For other laptops with a
+ hard freeze, you can try reset_workaround=1 option.
+
+ Note: This driver is really crappy. It's a porting from the
+ OSS driver, which is a result of black-magic reverse engineering.
+ The detection of codec will fail if the driver is loaded *after*
+ X-server as described above. You might be able to force to load
+ the module, but it may result in hang-up. Hence, make sure that
+ you load this module *before* X if you encounter this kind of
+ problem.
+
+ Module snd-opl3sa2
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Yamaha OPL3-SA2/SA3 sound cards.
+
+ port - control port # for OPL3-SA chip (0x370)
+ sb_port - SB port # for OPL3-SA chip (0x220,0x240)
+ wss_port - WSS port # for OPL3-SA chip (0x530,0xe80,0xf40,0x604)
+ midi_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x330), -1 = disable
+ fm_port - FM port # for OPL3-SA chip (0x388), -1 = disable
+ irq - IRQ # for OPL3-SA chip (5,7,9,10)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for Yamaha OPL3-SA chip (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - second DMA # for Yamaha OPL3-SA chip (0,1,3), -1 = disable
+ isapnp - ISA PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and ISA PnP. This module does not support
+ autoprobe (if ISA PnP is not used) thus all ports must be specified!!!
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-opti92x-ad1848
+ -------------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on OPTi 82c92x and Analog Devices AD1848 chips.
+ Module works with OAK Mozart cards as well.
+
+ port - port # for WSS chip (0x530,0xe80,0xf40,0x604)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 device (0x388)
+ irq - IRQ # for WSS chip (5,7,9,10,11)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (5,7,9,10)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for WSS chip (0,1,3)
+
+ This module supports only one card, autoprobe and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-opti92x-cs4231
+ -------------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on OPTi 82c92x and Crystal CS4231 chips.
+
+ port - port # for WSS chip (0x530,0xe80,0xf40,0x604)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 device (0x388)
+ irq - IRQ # for WSS chip (5,7,9,10,11)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (5,7,9,10)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for WSS chip (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - second DMA # for WSS chip (0,1,3)
+
+ This module supports only one card, autoprobe and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-opti93x
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for sound cards based on OPTi 82c93x chips.
+
+ port - port # for WSS chip (0x530,0xe80,0xf40,0x604)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330)
+ fm_port - port # for OPL3 device (0x388)
+ irq - IRQ # for WSS chip (5,7,9,10,11)
+ mpu_irq - IRQ # for MPU-401 UART (5,7,9,10)
+ dma1 - first DMA # for WSS chip (0,1,3)
+ dma2 - second DMA # for WSS chip (0,1,3)
+
+ This module supports only one card, autoprobe and PnP.
+
+ Module snd-powermac (on ppc only)
+ ---------------------------------
+
+ Module for PowerMac, iMac and iBook on-board soundchips
+
+ enable_beep - enable beep using PCM (enabled as default)
+
+ Module supports autoprobe a chip.
+
+ Note: the driver may have problems regarding endianess.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-rme32
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for RME Digi32, Digi32 Pro and Digi32/8 (Sek'd Prodif32,
+ Prodif96 and Prodif Gold) sound cards.
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-rme96
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for RME Digi96, Digi96/8 and Digi96/8 PRO/PAD/PST sound cards.
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-rme9652
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for RME Digi9652 (Hammerfall, Hammerfall-Light) sound cards.
+
+ precise_ptr - Enable precise pointer (doesn't work reliably).
+ (default = 0)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Note: snd-page-alloc module does the job which snd-hammerfall-mem
+ module did formerly. It will allocate the buffers in advance
+ when any RME9652 cards are found. To make the buffer
+ allocation sure, load snd-page-alloc module in the early
+ stage of boot sequence.
+
+ Module snd-sa11xx-uda1341 (on arm only)
+ ---------------------------------------
+
+ Module for Philips UDA1341TS on Compaq iPAQ H3600 sound card.
+
+ Module supports only one card.
+ Module has no enable and index options.
+
+ Module snd-sb8
+ --------------
+
+ Module for 8-bit SoundBlaster cards: SoundBlaster 1.0,
+ SoundBlaster 2.0,
+ SoundBlaster Pro
+
+ port - port # for SB DSP chip (0x220,0x240,0x260)
+ irq - IRQ # for SB DSP chip (5,7,9,10)
+ dma8 - DMA # for SB DSP chip (1,3)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-sb16 and snd-sbawe
+ -----------------------------
+
+ Module for 16-bit SoundBlaster cards: SoundBlaster 16 (PnP),
+ SoundBlaster AWE 32 (PnP),
+ SoundBlaster AWE 64 PnP
+
+ port - port # for SB DSP 4.x chip (0x220,0x240,0x260)
+ mpu_port - port # for MPU-401 UART (0x300,0x330), -1 = disable
+ awe_port - base port # for EMU8000 synthesizer (0x620,0x640,0x660)
+ (snd-sbawe module only)
+ irq - IRQ # for SB DSP 4.x chip (5,7,9,10)
+ dma8 - 8-bit DMA # for SB DSP 4.x chip (0,1,3)
+ dma16 - 16-bit DMA # for SB DSP 4.x chip (5,6,7)
+ mic_agc - Mic Auto-Gain-Control - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+ csp - ASP/CSP chip support - 0 = disable (default), 1 = enable
+ isapnp - ISA PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and ISA PnP.
+
+ Note: To use Vibra16X cards in 16-bit half duplex mode, you must
+ disable 16bit DMA with dma16 = -1 module parameter.
+ Also, all Sound Blaster 16 type cards can operate in 16-bit
+ half duplex mode through 8-bit DMA channel by disabling their
+ 16-bit DMA channel.
+
+ Module snd-sgalaxy
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Aztech Sound Galaxy sound card.
+
+ sbport - Port # for SB16 interface (0x220,0x240)
+ wssport - Port # for WSS interface (0x530,0xe80,0xf40,0x604)
+ irq - IRQ # (7,9,10,11)
+ dma1 - DMA #
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-sscape
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for ENSONIQ SoundScape PnP cards.
+
+ port - Port # (PnP setup)
+ irq - IRQ # (PnP setup)
+ mpu_irq - MPU-401 IRQ # (PnP setup)
+ dma - DMA # (PnP setup)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. ISA PnP must be enabled.
+ You need sscape_ctl tool in alsa-tools package for loading
+ the microcode.
+
+ Module snd-sun-amd7930 (on sparc only)
+ --------------------------------------
+
+ Module for AMD7930 sound chips found on Sparcs.
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-sun-cs4231 (on sparc only)
+ -------------------------------------
+
+ Module for CS4231 sound chips found on Sparcs.
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-wavefront
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for Turtle Beach Maui, Tropez and Tropez+ sound cards.
+
+ cs4232_pcm_port - Port # for CS4232 PCM interface.
+ cs4232_pcm_irq - IRQ # for CS4232 PCM interface (5,7,9,11,12,15).
+ cs4232_mpu_port - Port # for CS4232 MPU-401 interface.
+ cs4232_mpu_irq - IRQ # for CS4232 MPU-401 interface (9,11,12,15).
+ use_cs4232_midi - Use CS4232 MPU-401 interface
+ (inaccessibly located inside your computer)
+ ics2115_port - Port # for ICS2115
+ ics2115_irq - IRQ # for ICS2115
+ fm_port - FM OPL-3 Port #
+ dma1 - DMA1 # for CS4232 PCM interface.
+ dma2 - DMA2 # for CS4232 PCM interface.
+ isapnp - ISA PnP detection - 0 = disable, 1 = enable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and ISA PnP.
+
+ Module snd-sonicvibes
+ ---------------------
+
+ Module for S3 SonicVibes PCI sound cards.
+ * PINE Schubert 32 PCI
+
+ reverb - Reverb Enable - 1 = enable, 0 = disable (default)
+ - SoundCard must have onboard SRAM for this.
+ mge - Mic Gain Enable - 1 = enable, 0 = disable (default)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ Module snd-serial-u16550
+ ------------------------
+
+ Module for UART16550A serial MIDI ports.
+
+ port - port # for UART16550A chip
+ irq - IRQ # for UART16550A chip, -1 = poll mode
+ speed - speed in bauds (9600,19200,38400,57600,115200)
+ 38400 = default
+ base - base for divisor in bauds (57600,115200,230400,460800)
+ 115200 = default
+ outs - number of MIDI ports in a serial port (1-4)
+ 1 = default
+ adaptor - Type of adaptor.
+ 0 = Soundcanvas, 1 = MS-124T, 2 = MS-124W S/A,
+ 3 = MS-124W M/B, 4 = Generic
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. This module does not support autoprobe
+ thus the main port must be specified!!! Other options are optional.
+
+ Module snd-trident
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for Trident 4DWave DX/NX sound cards.
+ * Best Union Miss Melody 4DWave PCI
+ * HIS 4DWave PCI
+ * Warpspeed ONSpeed 4DWave PCI
+ * AzTech PCI 64-Q3D
+ * Addonics SV 750
+ * CHIC True Sound 4Dwave
+ * Shark Predator4D-PCI
+ * Jaton SonicWave 4D
+
+ pcm_channels - max channels (voices) reserved for PCM
+ wavetable_size - max wavetable size in kB (4-?kb)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards and autoprobe.
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-usb-audio
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for USB audio and USB MIDI devices.
+
+ vid - Vendor ID for the device (optional)
+ pid - Product ID for the device (optional)
+
+ This module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and hotplugging.
+
+ Module snd-usb-usx2y
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for Tascam USB US-122, US-224 and US-428 devices.
+
+ This module supports up to 8 cards, autoprobe and hotplugging.
+
+ Note: you need to load the firmware via usx2yloader utility included
+ in alsa-tools and alsa-firmware packages.
+
+ Module snd-via82xx
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for AC'97 motherboards based on VIA 82C686A/686B, 8233,
+ 8233A, 8233C, 8235 (south) bridge.
+
+ mpu_port - 0x300,0x310,0x320,0x330, otherwise obtain BIOS setup
+ [VIA686A/686B only]
+ joystick - Enable joystick (default off) [VIA686A/686B only]
+ ac97_clock - AC'97 codec clock base (default 48000Hz)
+ dxs_support - support DXS channels,
+ 0 = auto (defalut), 1 = enable, 2 = disable,
+ 3 = 48k only, 4 = no VRA
+ [VIA8233/C,8235 only]
+ ac97_quirk - AC'97 workaround for strange hardware
+ See the description of intel8x0 module for details.
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple bus-master chips (max 8).
+
+ Note: on some SMP motherboards like MSI 694D the interrupts might
+ not be generated properly. In such a case, please try to
+ set the SMP (or MPS) version on BIOS to 1.1 instead of
+ default value 1.4. Then the interrupt number will be
+ assigned under 15. You might also upgrade your BIOS.
+
+ Note: VIA8233/5 (not VIA8233A) can support DXS (direct sound)
+ channels as the first PCM. On these channels, up to 4
+ streams can be played at the same time.
+ As default (dxs_support = 0), 48k fixed rate is chosen
+ except for the known devices since the output is often
+ noisy except for 48k on some mother boards due to the
+ bug of BIOS.
+ Please try once dxs_support=1 and if it works on other
+ sample rates (e.g. 44.1kHz of mp3 playback), please let us
+ know the PCI subsystem vendor/device id's (output of
+ "lspci -nv").
+ If it doesn't work, try dxs_support=4. If it still doesn't
+ work and the default setting is ok, dxs_support=3 is the
+ right choice. If the default setting doesn't work at all,
+ try dxs_support=2 to disable the DXS channels.
+ In any cases, please let us know the result and the
+ subsystem vendor/device ids.
+
+ Note: for the MPU401 on VIA823x, use snd-mpu401 driver
+ additonally. The mpu_port option is for VIA686 chips only.
+
+ Module snd-via82xx-modem
+ ------------------------
+
+ Module for VIA82xx AC97 modem
+
+ ac97_clock - AC'97 codec clock base (default 48000Hz)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Note: The default index value of this module is -2, i.e. the first
+ slot is excluded.
+
+ Module snd-virmidi
+ ------------------
+
+ Module for virtual rawmidi devices.
+ This module creates virtual rawmidi devices which communicate
+ to the corresponding ALSA sequencer ports.
+
+ midi_devs - MIDI devices # (1-8, default=4)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ Module snd-vx222
+ ----------------
+
+ Module for Digigram VX-Pocket VX222, V222 v2 and Mic cards.
+
+ mic - Enable Microphone on V222 Mic (NYI)
+ ibl - Capture IBL size. (default = 0, minimum size)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards.
+
+ When the driver is compiled as a module and the hotplug firmware
+ is supported, the firmware data is loaded via hotplug automatically.
+ Install the necessary firmware files in alsa-firmware package.
+ When no hotplug fw loader is available, you need to load the
+ firmware via vxloader utility in alsa-tools package. To invoke
+ vxloader automatically, add the following to /etc/modprobe.conf
+
+ install snd-vx222 /sbin/modprobe --first-time -i snd-vx222 && /usr/bin/vxloader
+
+ (for 2.2/2.4 kernels, add "post-install /usr/bin/vxloader" to
+ /etc/modules.conf, instead.)
+ IBL size defines the interrupts period for PCM. The smaller size
+ gives smaller latency but leads to more CPU consumption, too.
+ The size is usually aligned to 126. As default (=0), the smallest
+ size is chosen. The possible IBL values can be found in
+ /proc/asound/cardX/vx-status proc file.
+
+ Module snd-vxpocket
+ -------------------
+
+ Module for Digigram VX-Pocket VX2 PCMCIA card.
+
+ ibl - Capture IBL size. (default = 0, minimum size)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. The module is compiled only when
+ PCMCIA is supported on kernel.
+
+ To activate the driver via the card manager, you'll need to set
+ up /etc/pcmcia/vxpocket.conf. See the sound/pcmcia/vx/vxpocket.c.
+
+ When the driver is compiled as a module and the hotplug firmware
+ is supported, the firmware data is loaded via hotplug automatically.
+ Install the necessary firmware files in alsa-firmware package.
+ When no hotplug fw loader is available, you need to load the
+ firmware via vxloader utility in alsa-tools package.
+
+ About capture IBL, see the description of snd-vx222 module.
+
+ Note: the driver is build only when CONFIG_ISA is set.
+
+ Module snd-vxp440
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Digigram VX-Pocket 440 PCMCIA card.
+
+ ibl - Capture IBL size. (default = 0, minimum size)
+
+ Module supports up to 8 cards. The module is compiled only when
+ PCMCIA is supported on kernel.
+
+ To activate the driver via the card manager, you'll need to set
+ up /etc/pcmcia/vxp440.conf. See the sound/pcmcia/vx/vxp440.c.
+
+ When the driver is compiled as a module and the hotplug firmware
+ is supported, the firmware data is loaded via hotplug automatically.
+ Install the necessary firmware files in alsa-firmware package.
+ When no hotplug fw loader is available, you need to load the
+ firmware via vxloader utility in alsa-tools package.
+
+ About capture IBL, see the description of snd-vx222 module.
+
+ Note: the driver is build only when CONFIG_ISA is set.
+
+ Module snd-ymfpci
+ -----------------
+
+ Module for Yamaha PCI chips (YMF72x, YMF74x & YMF75x).
+
+ mpu_port - 0x300,0x330,0x332,0x334, 0 (disable) by default,
+ 1 (auto-detect for YMF744/754 only)
+ fm_port - 0x388,0x398,0x3a0,0x3a8, 0 (disable) by default
+ 1 (auto-detect for YMF744/754 only)
+ joystick_port - 0x201,0x202,0x204,0x205, 0 (disable) by default,
+ 1 (auto-detect)
+ rear_switch - enable shared rear/line-in switch (bool)
+
+ Module supports autoprobe and multiple chips (max 8).
+
+ The power-management is supported.
+
+ Module snd-pdaudiocf
+ --------------------
+
+ Module for Sound Core PDAudioCF sound card.
+
+ Note: the driver is build only when CONFIG_ISA is set.
+
+
+Configuring Non-ISAPNP Cards
+============================
+
+When the kernel is configured with ISA-PnP support, the modules
+supporting the isapnp cards will have module options "isapnp".
+If this option is set, *only* the ISA-PnP devices will be probed.
+For probing the non ISA-PnP cards, you have to pass "isapnp=0" option
+together with the proper i/o and irq configuration.
+
+When the kernel is configured without ISA-PnP support, isapnp option
+will be not built in.
+
+
+Module Autoloading Support
+==========================
+
+The ALSA drivers can be loaded automatically on demand by defining
+module aliases. The string 'snd-card-%1' is requested for ALSA native
+devices where %i is sound card number from zero to seven.
+
+To auto-load an ALSA driver for OSS services, define the string
+'sound-slot-%i' where %i means the slot number for OSS, which
+corresponds to the card index of ALSA. Usually, define this
+as the the same card module.
+
+An example configuration for a single emu10k1 card is like below:
+----- /etc/modprobe.conf
+alias snd-card-0 snd-emu10k1
+alias sound-slot-0 snd-emu10k1
+----- /etc/modprobe.conf
+
+The available number of auto-loaded sound cards depends on the module
+option "cards_limit" of snd module. As default it's set to 1.
+To enable the auto-loading of multiple cards, specify the number of
+sound cards in that option.
+
+When multiple cards are available, it'd better to specify the index
+number for each card via module option, too, so that the order of
+cards is kept consistent.
+
+An example configuration for two sound cards is like below:
+
+----- /etc/modprobe.conf
+# ALSA portion
+options snd cards_limit=2
+alias snd-card-0 snd-interwave
+alias snd-card-1 snd-ens1371
+options snd-interwave index=0
+options snd-ens1371 index=1
+# OSS/Free portion
+alias sound-slot-0 snd-interwave
+alias sound-slot-1 snd-ens1371
+----- /etc/moprobe.conf
+
+In this example, the interwave card is always loaded as the first card
+(index 0) and ens1371 as the second (index 1).
+
+
+ALSA PCM devices to OSS devices mapping
+=======================================
+
+/dev/snd/pcmC0D0[c|p] -> /dev/audio0 (/dev/audio) -> minor 4
+/dev/snd/pcmC0D0[c|p] -> /dev/dsp0 (/dev/dsp) -> minor 3
+/dev/snd/pcmC0D1[c|p] -> /dev/adsp0 (/dev/adsp) -> minor 12
+/dev/snd/pcmC1D0[c|p] -> /dev/audio1 -> minor 4+16 = 20
+/dev/snd/pcmC1D0[c|p] -> /dev/dsp1 -> minor 3+16 = 19
+/dev/snd/pcmC1D1[c|p] -> /dev/adsp1 -> minor 12+16 = 28
+/dev/snd/pcmC2D0[c|p] -> /dev/audio2 -> minor 4+32 = 36
+/dev/snd/pcmC2D0[c|p] -> /dev/dsp2 -> minor 3+32 = 39
+/dev/snd/pcmC2D1[c|p] -> /dev/adsp2 -> minor 12+32 = 44
+
+The first number from /dev/snd/pcmC{X}D{Y}[c|p] expression means
+sound card number and second means device number. The ALSA devices
+have either 'c' or 'p' suffix indicating the direction, capture and
+playback, respectively.
+
+Please note that the device mapping above may be varied via the module
+options of snd-pcm-oss module.
+
+
+DEVFS support
+=============
+
+The ALSA driver fully supports the devfs extension.
+You should add lines below to your devfsd.conf file:
+
+LOOKUP snd MODLOAD ACTION snd
+REGISTER ^sound/.* PERMISSIONS root.audio 660
+REGISTER ^snd/.* PERMISSIONS root.audio 660
+
+Warning: These lines assume that you have the audio group in your system.
+ Otherwise replace audio word with another group name (root for
+ example).
+
+
+Proc interfaces (/proc/asound)
+==============================
+
+/proc/asound/card#/pcm#[cp]/oss
+-------------------------------
+ String "erase" - erase all additional informations about OSS applications
+ String "<app_name> <fragments> <fragment_size> [<options>]"
+
+ <app_name> - name of application with (higher priority) or without path
+ <fragments> - number of fragments or zero if auto
+ <fragment_size> - size of fragment in bytes or zero if auto
+ <options> - optional parameters
+ - disable the application tries to open a pcm device for
+ this channel but does not want to use it.
+ (Cause a bug or mmap needs)
+ It's good for Quake etc...
+ - direct don't use plugins
+ - block force block mode (rvplayer)
+ - non-block force non-block mode
+ - whole-frag write only whole fragments (optimization affecting
+ playback only)
+ - no-silence do not fill silence ahead to avoid clicks
+
+ Example: echo "x11amp 128 16384" > /proc/asound/card0/pcm0p/oss
+ echo "squake 0 0 disable" > /proc/asound/card0/pcm0c/oss
+ echo "rvplayer 0 0 block" > /proc/asound/card0/pcm0p/oss
+
+
+Links
+=====
+
+ ALSA project homepage
+ http://www.alsa-project.org
+