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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /Documentation/parisc/debugging
downloadlinux-stericsson-2.6.12-rc2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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+okay, here are some hints for debugging the lower-level parts of
+linux/parisc.
+
+
+1. Absolute addresses
+
+A lot of the assembly code currently runs in real mode, which means
+absolute addresses are used instead of virtual addresses as in the
+rest of the kernel. To translate an absolute address to a virtual
+address you can lookup in System.map, add __PAGE_OFFSET (0x10000000
+currently).
+
+
+2. HPMCs
+
+When real-mode code tries to access non-existent memory, you'll get
+an HPMC instead of a kernel oops. To debug an HPMC, try to find
+the System Responder/Requestor addresses. The System Requestor
+address should match (one of the) processor HPAs (high addresses in
+the I/O range); the System Responder address is the address real-mode
+code tried to access.
+
+Typical values for the System Responder address are addresses larger
+than __PAGE_OFFSET (0x10000000) which mean a virtual address didn't
+get translated to a physical address before real-mode code tried to
+access it.
+
+
+3. Q bit fun
+
+Certain, very critical code has to clear the Q bit in the PSW. What
+happens when the Q bit is cleared is the CPU does not update the
+registers interruption handlers read to find out where the machine
+was interrupted - so if you get an interruption between the instruction
+that clears the Q bit and the RFI that sets it again you don't know
+where exactly it happened. If you're lucky the IAOQ will point to the
+instrucion that cleared the Q bit, if you're not it points anywhere
+at all. Usually Q bit problems will show themselves in unexplainable
+system hangs or running off the end of physical memory.