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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 15:20:36 -0700
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downloadlinux-stericsson-1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2.tar.gz
Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
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+Intel 810/815 Framebuffer driver
+ Tony Daplas <adaplas@pol.net>
+ http://i810fb.sourceforge.net
+
+ March 17, 2002
+
+ First Released: July 2001
+================================================================
+
+A. Introduction
+ This is a framebuffer driver for various Intel 810/815 compatible
+graphics devices. These would include:
+
+ Intel 810
+ Intel 810E
+ Intel 810-DC100
+ Intel 815 Internal graphics only, 100Mhz FSB
+ Intel 815 Internal graphics only
+ Intel 815 Internal graphics and AGP
+
+B. Features
+
+ - Choice of using Discrete Video Timings, VESA Generalized Timing
+ Formula, or a framebuffer specific database to set the video mode
+
+ - Supports a variable range of horizontal and vertical resolution, and
+ vertical refresh rates if the VESA Generalized Timing Formula is
+ enabled.
+
+ - Supports color depths of 8, 16, 24 and 32 bits per pixel
+
+ - Supports pseudocolor, directcolor, or truecolor visuals
+
+ - Full and optimized hardware acceleration at 8, 16 and 24 bpp
+
+ - Robust video state save and restore
+
+ - MTRR support
+
+ - Utilizes user-entered monitor specifications to automatically
+ calculate required video mode parameters.
+
+ - Can concurrently run with xfree86 running with native i810 drivers
+
+ - Hardware Cursor Support
+
+C. List of available options
+
+ a. "video=i810fb"
+ enables the i810 driver
+
+ Recommendation: required
+
+ b. "xres:<value>"
+ select horizontal resolution in pixels
+
+ Recommendation: user preference
+ (default = 640)
+
+ c. "yres:<value>"
+ select vertical resolution in scanlines. If Discrete Video Timings
+ is enabled, this will be ignored and computed as 3*xres/4.
+
+ Recommendation: user preference
+ (default = 480)
+
+ d. "vyres:<value>"
+ select virtual vertical resolution in scanlines. If (0) or none
+ is specified, this will be computed against maximum available memory.
+
+ Recommendation: do not set
+ (default = 480)
+
+ e. "vram:<value>"
+ select amount of system RAM in MB to allocate for the video memory
+
+ Recommendation: 1 - 4 MB.
+ (default = 4)
+
+ f. "bpp:<value>"
+ select desired pixel depth
+
+ Recommendation: 8
+ (default = 8)
+
+ g. "hsync1/hsync2:<value>"
+ select the minimum and maximum Horizontal Sync Frequency of the
+ monitor in KHz. If a using a fixed frequency monitor, hsync1 must
+ be equal to hsync2.
+
+ Recommendation: check monitor manual for correct values
+ default (29/30)
+
+ h. "vsync1/vsync2:<value>"
+ select the minimum and maximum Vertical Sync Frequency of the monitor
+ in Hz. You can also use this option to lock your monitor's refresh
+ rate.
+
+ Recommendation: check monitor manual for correct values
+ (default = 60/60)
+
+ IMPORTANT: If you need to clamp your timings, try to give some
+ leeway for computational errors (over/underflows). Example: if
+ using vsync1/vsync2 = 60/60, make sure hsync1/hsync2 has at least
+ a 1 unit difference, and vice versa.
+
+ i. "voffset:<value>"
+ select at what offset in MB of the logical memory to allocate the
+ framebuffer memory. The intent is to avoid the memory blocks
+ used by standard graphics applications (XFree86). The default
+ offset (16 MB for a 64MB aperture, 8 MB for a 32MB aperture) will
+ avoid XFree86's usage and allows up to 7MB/15MB of framebuffer
+ memory. Depending on your usage, adjust the value up or down,
+ (0 for maximum usage, 31/63 MB for the least amount). Note, an
+ arbitrary setting may conflict with XFree86.
+
+ Recommendation: do not set
+ (default = 8 or 16 MB)
+
+ j. "accel"
+ enable text acceleration. This can be enabled/reenabled anytime
+ by using 'fbset -accel true/false'.
+
+ Recommendation: enable
+ (default = not set)
+
+ k. "mtrr"
+ enable MTRR. This allows data transfers to the framebuffer memory
+ to occur in bursts which can significantly increase performance.
+ Not very helpful with the i810/i815 because of 'shared memory'.
+
+ Recommendation: do not set
+ (default = not set)
+
+ l. "extvga"
+ if specified, secondary/external VGA output will always be enabled.
+ Useful if the BIOS turns off the VGA port when no monitor is attached.
+ The external VGA monitor can then be attached without rebooting.
+
+ Recommendation: do not set
+ (default = not set)
+
+ m. "sync"
+ Forces the hardware engine to do a "sync" or wait for the hardware
+ to finish before starting another instruction. This will produce a
+ more stable setup, but will be slower.
+
+ Recommendation: do not set
+ (default = not set)
+
+ n. "dcolor"
+ Use directcolor visual instead of truecolor for pixel depths greater
+ than 8 bpp. Useful for color tuning, such as gamma control.
+
+ Recommendation: do not set
+ (default = not set)
+
+D. Kernel booting
+
+Separate each option/option-pair by commas (,) and the option from its value
+with a colon (:) as in the following:
+
+video=i810fb:option1,option2:value2
+
+Sample Usage
+------------
+
+In /etc/lilo.conf, add the line:
+
+append="video=i810fb:vram:2,xres:1024,yres:768,bpp:8,hsync1:30,hsync2:55, \
+ vsync1:50,vsync2:85,accel,mtrr"
+
+This will initialize the framebuffer to 1024x768 at 8bpp. The framebuffer
+will use 2 MB of System RAM. MTRR support will be enabled. The refresh rate
+will be computed based on the hsync1/hsync2 and vsync1/vsync2 values.
+
+IMPORTANT:
+You must include hsync1, hsync2, vsync1 and vsync2 to enable video modes
+better than 640x480 at 60Hz.
+
+E. Module options
+
+ The module parameters are essentially similar to the kernel
+parameters. The main difference is that you need to include a Boolean value
+(1 for TRUE, and 0 for FALSE) for those options which don't need a value.
+
+Example, to enable MTRR, include "mtrr=1".
+
+Sample Usage
+------------
+
+Using the same setup as described above, load the module like this:
+
+ modprobe i810fb vram=2 xres=1024 bpp=8 hsync1=30 hsync2=55 vsync1=50 \
+ vsync2=85 accel=1 mtrr=1
+
+Or just add the following to /etc/modprobe.conf
+
+ options i810fb vram=2 xres=1024 bpp=16 hsync1=30 hsync2=55 vsync1=50 \
+ vsync2=85 accel=1 mtrr=1
+
+and just do a
+
+ modprobe i810fb
+
+
+F. Setup
+
+ a. Do your usual method of configuring the kernel.
+
+ make menuconfig/xconfig/config
+
+ b. Under "Code Maturity Options", enable "Prompt for experimental/
+ incomplete code/drivers".
+
+ c. Enable agpgart support for the Intel 810/815 on-board graphics.
+ This is required. The option is under "Character Devices"
+
+ d. Under "Graphics Support", select "Intel 810/815" either statically
+ or as a module. Choose "use VESA GTF for video timings" if you
+ need to maximize the capability of your display. To be on the
+ safe side, you can leave this unselected.
+
+ e. If you want a framebuffer console, enable it under "Console
+ Drivers"
+
+ f. Compile your kernel.
+
+ g. Load the driver as described in section D and E.
+
+ Optional:
+ h. If you are going to run XFree86 with its native drivers, the
+ standard XFree86 4.1.0 and 4.2.0 drivers should work as is.
+ However, there's a bug in the XFree86 i810 drivers. It attempts
+ to use XAA even when switched to the console. This will crash
+ your server. I have a fix at this site:
+
+ http://i810fb.sourceforge.net.
+
+ You can either use the patch, or just replace
+
+ /usr/X11R6/lib/modules/drivers/i810_drv.o
+
+ with the one provided at the website.
+
+ i. Try the DirectFB (http://www.directfb.org) + the i810 gfxdriver
+ patch to see the chipset in action (or inaction :-).
+
+G. Acknowledgment:
+
+ 1. Geert Uytterhoeven - his excellent howto and the virtual
+ framebuffer driver code made this possible.
+
+ 2. Jeff Hartmann for his agpgart code.
+
+ 3. The X developers. Insights were provided just by reading the
+ XFree86 source code.
+
+ 4. Intel(c). For this value-oriented chipset driver and for
+ providing documentation.
+
+ 5. Matt Sottek. His inputs and ideas helped in making some
+ optimizations possible.
+
+H. Home Page:
+
+ A more complete, and probably updated information is provided at
+http://i810fb.sourceforge.net.
+
+###########################
+Tony
+