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authorHugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>2011-08-03 16:21:23 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-08-03 14:25:23 -1000
commit46f65ec15c6878a2b4a49f6e01b20b201b46a9e4 (patch)
tree3b72804ee87b4a5c7ec86b5059e20ddea82d3c2c /mm
parent7a5d0fbb29936fad7f17b1cb001b0c33a5f13328 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-precise-46f65ec15c6878a2b4a49f6e01b20b201b46a9e4.tar.gz
tmpfs: convert shmem_unuse_inode to radix-swap
Convert shmem_unuse_inode() to use a lockless gang lookup of the radix tree, searching for matching swap. This is somewhat slower than the old method: because of repeated radix tree descents, because of copying entries up, but probably most because the old method noted and skipped once a vector page was cleared of swap. Perhaps we can devise a use of radix tree tagging to achieve that later. shmem_add_to_page_cache() uses shmem_radix_tree_replace() to compensate for the lockless lookup by checking that the expected entry is in place, under lock. It is not very satisfactory to be copying this much from add_to_page_cache_locked(), but I think easier to sell than insisting that every caller of add_to_page_cache*() go through the extras. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/shmem.c133
1 files changed, 107 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 4439b7d5581..174f97188e8 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -262,6 +262,55 @@ static int shmem_radix_tree_replace(struct address_space *mapping,
}
/*
+ * Like add_to_page_cache_locked, but error if expected item has gone.
+ */
+static int shmem_add_to_page_cache(struct page *page,
+ struct address_space *mapping,
+ pgoff_t index, gfp_t gfp, void *expected)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+ VM_BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));
+
+ error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm,
+ gfp & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);
+ if (error)
+ goto out;
+ if (!expected)
+ error = radix_tree_preload(gfp & GFP_RECLAIM_MASK);
+ if (!error) {
+ page_cache_get(page);
+ page->mapping = mapping;
+ page->index = index;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ if (!expected)
+ error = radix_tree_insert(&mapping->page_tree,
+ index, page);
+ else
+ error = shmem_radix_tree_replace(mapping, index,
+ expected, page);
+ if (!error) {
+ mapping->nrpages++;
+ __inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
+ __inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_SHMEM);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ } else {
+ page->mapping = NULL;
+ spin_unlock_irq(&mapping->tree_lock);
+ page_cache_release(page);
+ }
+ if (!expected)
+ radix_tree_preload_end();
+ }
+ if (error)
+ mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
+out:
+ return error;
+}
+
+/*
* Like find_get_pages, but collecting swap entries as well as pages.
*/
static unsigned shmem_find_get_pages_and_swap(struct address_space *mapping,
@@ -309,6 +358,42 @@ export:
}
/*
+ * Lockless lookup of swap entry in radix tree, avoiding refcount on pages.
+ */
+static pgoff_t shmem_find_swap(struct address_space *mapping, void *radswap)
+{
+ void **slots[PAGEVEC_SIZE];
+ pgoff_t indices[PAGEVEC_SIZE];
+ unsigned int nr_found;
+
+restart:
+ nr_found = 1;
+ indices[0] = -1;
+ while (nr_found) {
+ pgoff_t index = indices[nr_found - 1] + 1;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ nr_found = radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot(&mapping->page_tree,
+ slots, indices, index, PAGEVEC_SIZE);
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_found; i++) {
+ void *item = radix_tree_deref_slot(slots[i]);
+ if (radix_tree_deref_retry(item)) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ goto restart;
+ }
+ if (item == radswap) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return indices[i];
+ }
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+ return -1;
+}
+
+/*
* Remove swap entry from radix tree, free the swap and its page cache.
*/
static int shmem_free_swap(struct address_space *mapping,
@@ -515,23 +600,21 @@ static void shmem_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
end_writeback(inode);
}
+/*
+ * If swap found in inode, free it and move page from swapcache to filecache.
+ */
static int shmem_unuse_inode(struct shmem_inode_info *info,
swp_entry_t swap, struct page *page)
{
struct address_space *mapping = info->vfs_inode.i_mapping;
+ void *radswap;
pgoff_t index;
int error;
- for (index = 0; index < SHMEM_NR_DIRECT; index++)
- if (shmem_get_swap(info, index).val == swap.val)
- goto found;
- return 0;
-found:
- spin_lock(&info->lock);
- if (shmem_get_swap(info, index).val != swap.val) {
- spin_unlock(&info->lock);
+ radswap = swp_to_radix_entry(swap);
+ index = shmem_find_swap(mapping, radswap);
+ if (index == -1)
return 0;
- }
/*
* Move _head_ to start search for next from here.
@@ -547,23 +630,30 @@ found:
* but also to hold up shmem_evict_inode(): so inode cannot be freed
* beneath us (pagelock doesn't help until the page is in pagecache).
*/
- error = add_to_page_cache_locked(page, mapping, index, GFP_NOWAIT);
+ error = shmem_add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, index,
+ GFP_NOWAIT, radswap);
/* which does mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page on error */
if (error != -ENOMEM) {
+ /*
+ * Truncation and eviction use free_swap_and_cache(), which
+ * only does trylock page: if we raced, best clean up here.
+ */
delete_from_swap_cache(page);
set_page_dirty(page);
- shmem_put_swap(info, index, (swp_entry_t){0});
- info->swapped--;
- swap_free(swap);
+ if (!error) {
+ spin_lock(&info->lock);
+ info->swapped--;
+ spin_unlock(&info->lock);
+ swap_free(swap);
+ }
error = 1; /* not an error, but entry was found */
}
- spin_unlock(&info->lock);
return error;
}
/*
- * shmem_unuse() search for an eventually swapped out shmem page.
+ * Search through swapped inodes to find and replace swap by page.
*/
int shmem_unuse(swp_entry_t swap, struct page *page)
{
@@ -576,20 +666,12 @@ int shmem_unuse(swp_entry_t swap, struct page *page)
* Charge page using GFP_KERNEL while we can wait, before taking
* the shmem_swaplist_mutex which might hold up shmem_writepage().
* Charged back to the user (not to caller) when swap account is used.
- * add_to_page_cache() will be called with GFP_NOWAIT.
+ * shmem_add_to_page_cache() will be called with GFP_NOWAIT.
*/
error = mem_cgroup_cache_charge(page, current->mm, GFP_KERNEL);
if (error)
goto out;
- /*
- * Try to preload while we can wait, to not make a habit of
- * draining atomic reserves; but don't latch on to this cpu,
- * it's okay if sometimes we get rescheduled after this.
- */
- error = radix_tree_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
- if (error)
- goto uncharge;
- radix_tree_preload_end();
+ /* No radix_tree_preload: swap entry keeps a place for page in tree */
mutex_lock(&shmem_swaplist_mutex);
list_for_each_safe(this, next, &shmem_swaplist) {
@@ -608,7 +690,6 @@ int shmem_unuse(swp_entry_t swap, struct page *page)
}
mutex_unlock(&shmem_swaplist_mutex);
-uncharge:
if (!found)
mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(page);
if (found < 0)