path: root/Documentation/module-signing.txt
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2014-04-06Merge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git:// Pull module updates from Rusty Russell: "Nothing major: the stricter permissions checking for sysfs broke a staging driver; fix included. Greg KH said he'd take the patch but hadn't as the merge window opened, so it's included here to avoid breaking build" * tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git:// staging: fix up speakup kobject mode Use 'E' instead of 'X' for unsigned module taint flag. VERIFY_OCTAL_PERMISSIONS: stricter checking for sysfs perms. kallsyms: fix percpu vars on x86-64 with relocation. kallsyms: generalize address range checking module: LLVMLinux: Remove unused function warning from __param_check macro Fix: module signature vs tracepoints: add new TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE module: remove MODULE_GENERIC_TABLE module: allow multiple calls to MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE() per module module: use pr_cont
2014-03-31Use 'E' instead of 'X' for unsigned module taint flag.Rusty Russell
Takashi Iwai <> says: > The letter 'X' has been already used for SUSE kernels for very long > time, to indicate the external supported modules. Can the new flag be > changed to another letter for avoiding conflict...? > (BTW, we also use 'N' for "no support", too.) Note: this code should be cleaned up, so we don't have such maps in three places! Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <>
2014-03-13Fix: module signature vs tracepoints: add new TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULEMathieu Desnoyers
Users have reported being unable to trace non-signed modules loaded within a kernel supporting module signature. This is caused by tracepoint.c:tracepoint_module_coming() refusing to take into account tracepoints sitting within force-loaded modules (TAINT_FORCED_MODULE). The reason for this check, in the first place, is that a force-loaded module may have a struct module incompatible with the layout expected by the kernel, and can thus cause a kernel crash upon forced load of that module on a kernel with CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS=y. Tracepoints, however, specifically accept TAINT_OOT_MODULE and TAINT_CRAP, since those modules do not lead to the "very likely system crash" issue cited above for force-loaded modules. With kernels having CONFIG_MODULE_SIG=y (signed modules), a non-signed module is tainted re-using the TAINT_FORCED_MODULE taint flag. Unfortunately, this means that Tracepoints treat that module as a force-loaded module, and thus silently refuse to consider any tracepoint within this module. Since an unsigned module does not fit within the "very likely system crash" category of tainting, add a new TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE taint flag to specifically address this taint behavior, and accept those modules within Tracepoints. We use the letter 'X' as a taint flag character for a module being loaded that doesn't know how to sign its name (proposed by Steven Rostedt). Also add the missing 'O' entry to trace event show_module_flags() list for the sake of completeness. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <> NAKed-by: Ingo Molnar <> CC: Thomas Gleixner <> CC: David Howells <> CC: Greg Kroah-Hartman <> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <>
2014-02-20doc: Insert MODULE_ in module-signing macrosPaul Bolle
Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <>
2013-12-13Add Documentation/module-signing.txt fileJames Solner
This patch adds the Documentation/module-signing.txt file that is currently missing from the Documentation directory. The init/Kconfig file references the Documentation/module-signing.txt file to explain how kernel module signing works. This patch supplies this documentation. Signed-off-by: James Solner <> Signed-off-by: David Howells <>