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authorSam Ravnborg <sam@mars.ravnborg.org>2006-02-17 22:42:02 +0100
committerSam Ravnborg <sam@mars.ravnborg.org>2006-02-19 09:51:20 +0100
commitb39927cf4cc5a9123d2b157ffd396884cb8156eb (patch)
tree8e372f4b8fa678de7239a125ff4653f136a9dc66 /scripts/mod
parenta67dc21a38055ec2d8d85b2f64d98091748569b3 (diff)
downloadkernel-b39927cf4cc5a9123d2b157ffd396884cb8156eb.tar.gz
kbuild: check for section mismatch during modpost stage
Section mismatch is identified as references to .init* sections from non .init sections. And likewise references to .exit.* sections outside .exit sections. .init.* sections are discarded after a module is initialized and references to .init.* sections are oops candidates. .exit.* sections are discarded when a module is built-in and thus references to .exit are also oops candidates. The checks were possible to do using 'make buildcheck' which called the two perl scripts: reference_discarded.pl and reference_init.pl. This patch just moves the same functionality inside modpost and the scripts are then obsoleted. They will though be kept for a while so users can do double checks - but note that some .o files are skipped by the perl scripts so result is not 1:1. All credit for the concept goes to Keith Owens who implemented the original perl scrips - this patch just moves it to modpost. Compared to the perl script the implmentation in modpost will be run for each kernel build - thus catching the error much sooner, but the downside is that the individual .o file are not always identified. Signed-off-by: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'scripts/mod')
-rw-r--r--scripts/mod/modpost.c258
-rw-r--r--scripts/mod/modpost.h10
2 files changed, 268 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/scripts/mod/modpost.c b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
index d901095ea8b7..a7360c379cba 100644
--- a/scripts/mod/modpost.c
+++ b/scripts/mod/modpost.c
@@ -451,6 +451,262 @@ static char *get_modinfo(void *modinfo, unsigned long modinfo_len,
return NULL;
}
+/*
+ * Find symbols before or equal addr and after addr - in the section sec
+ **/
+static void find_symbols_between(struct elf_info *elf, Elf_Addr addr,
+ const char *sec,
+ Elf_Sym **before, Elf_Sym **after)
+{
+ Elf_Sym *sym;
+ Elf_Ehdr *hdr = elf->hdr;
+ Elf_Addr beforediff = ~0;
+ Elf_Addr afterdiff = ~0;
+ const char *secstrings = (void *)hdr +
+ elf->sechdrs[hdr->e_shstrndx].sh_offset;
+
+ *before = NULL;
+ *after = NULL;
+
+ for (sym = elf->symtab_start; sym < elf->symtab_stop; sym++) {
+ const char *symsec;
+
+ if (sym->st_shndx >= SHN_LORESERVE)
+ continue;
+ symsec = secstrings + elf->sechdrs[sym->st_shndx].sh_name;
+ if (strcmp(symsec, sec) != 0)
+ continue;
+ if (sym->st_value <= addr) {
+ if ((addr - sym->st_value) < beforediff) {
+ beforediff = addr - sym->st_value;
+ *before = sym;
+ }
+ }
+ else
+ {
+ if ((sym->st_value - addr) < afterdiff) {
+ afterdiff = sym->st_value - addr;
+ *after = sym;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * Print a warning about a section mismatch.
+ * Try to find symbols near it so user can find it.
+ **/
+static void warn_sec_mismatch(const char *modname, const char *fromsec,
+ struct elf_info *elf, Elf_Sym *sym, Elf_Rela r)
+{
+ Elf_Sym *before;
+ Elf_Sym *after;
+ Elf_Ehdr *hdr = elf->hdr;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs = elf->sechdrs;
+ const char *secstrings = (void *)hdr +
+ sechdrs[hdr->e_shstrndx].sh_offset;
+ const char *secname = secstrings + sechdrs[sym->st_shndx].sh_name;
+
+ find_symbols_between(elf, r.r_offset, fromsec, &before, &after);
+
+ if (before && after) {
+ warn("%s - Section mismatch: reference to %s from %s "
+ "between '%s' (at offset 0x%lx) and '%s'\n",
+ modname, secname, fromsec,
+ elf->strtab + before->st_name,
+ (long)(r.r_offset - before->st_value),
+ elf->strtab + after->st_name);
+ } else if (before) {
+ warn("%s - Section mismatch: reference to %s from %s "
+ "after '%s' (at offset 0x%lx)\n",
+ modname, secname, fromsec,
+ elf->strtab + before->st_name,
+ (long)(r.r_offset - before->st_value));
+ } else if (after) {
+ warn("%s - Section mismatch: reference to %s from %s "
+ "before '%s' (at offset -0x%lx)\n",
+ modname, secname, fromsec,
+ elf->strtab + before->st_name,
+ (long)(before->st_value - r.r_offset));
+ } else {
+ warn("%s - Section mismatch: reference to %s from %s "
+ "(offset 0x%lx)\n",
+ modname, secname, fromsec, (long)r.r_offset);
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * A module includes a number of sections that are discarded
+ * either when loaded or when used as built-in.
+ * For loaded modules all functions marked __init and all data
+ * marked __initdata will be discarded when the module has been intialized.
+ * Likewise for modules used built-in the sections marked __exit
+ * are discarded because __exit marked function are supposed to be called
+ * only when a moduel is unloaded which never happes for built-in modules.
+ * The check_sec_ref() function traverses all relocation records
+ * to find all references to a section that reference a section that will
+ * be discarded and warns about it.
+ **/
+static void check_sec_ref(struct module *mod, const char *modname,
+ struct elf_info *elf,
+ int section(const char*),
+ int section_ref_ok(const char *))
+{
+ int i;
+ Elf_Sym *sym;
+ Elf_Ehdr *hdr = elf->hdr;
+ Elf_Shdr *sechdrs = elf->sechdrs;
+ const char *secstrings = (void *)hdr +
+ sechdrs[hdr->e_shstrndx].sh_offset;
+
+ /* Walk through all sections */
+ for (i = 0; i < hdr->e_shnum; i++) {
+ const char *name = secstrings + sechdrs[i].sh_name +
+ strlen(".rela");
+ /* We want to process only relocation sections and not .init */
+ if (section_ref_ok(name) || (sechdrs[i].sh_type != SHT_RELA))
+ continue;
+ Elf_Rela *rela;
+ Elf_Rela *start = (void *)hdr + sechdrs[i].sh_offset;
+ Elf_Rela *stop = (void*)start + sechdrs[i].sh_size;
+
+ for (rela = start; rela < stop; rela++) {
+ Elf_Rela r;
+ const char *secname;
+ r.r_offset = TO_NATIVE(rela->r_offset);
+ r.r_info = TO_NATIVE(rela->r_info);
+ sym = elf->symtab_start + ELF_R_SYM(r.r_info);
+ secname = secstrings + sechdrs[sym->st_shndx].sh_name;
+ /* Skip special sections */
+ if (sym->st_shndx >= SHN_LORESERVE)
+ continue;
+
+ if (section(secname))
+ warn_sec_mismatch(modname, name, elf, sym, r);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * Functions used only during module init is marked __init and is stored in
+ * a .init.text section. Likewise data is marked __initdata and stored in
+ * a .init.data section.
+ * If this section is one of these sections return 1
+ * See include/linux/init.h for the details
+ **/
+static int init_section(const char *name)
+{
+ if (strcmp(name, ".init") == 0)
+ return 1;
+ if (strncmp(name, ".init.", strlen(".init.")) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Identify sections from which references to a .init section is OK.
+ *
+ * Unfortunately references to read only data that referenced .init
+ * sections had to be excluded. Almost all of these are false
+ * positives, they are created by gcc. The downside of excluding rodata
+ * is that there really are some user references from rodata to
+ * init code, e.g. drivers/video/vgacon.c:
+ *
+ * const struct consw vga_con = {
+ * con_startup: vgacon_startup,
+ *
+ * where vgacon_startup is __init. If you want to wade through the false
+ * positives, take out the check for rodata.
+ **/
+static int init_section_ref_ok(const char *name)
+{
+ const char **s;
+ /* Absolute section names */
+ const char *namelist1[] = {
+ ".init",
+ ".stab",
+ ".rodata",
+ ".text.lock",
+ ".pci_fixup_header",
+ ".pci_fixup_final",
+ ".pdr",
+ "__param",
+ NULL
+ };
+ /* Start of section names */
+ const char *namelist2[] = {
+ ".init.",
+ ".altinstructions",
+ ".eh_frame",
+ ".debug",
+ NULL
+ };
+
+ for (s = namelist1; *s; s++)
+ if (strcmp(*s, name) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ for (s = namelist2; *s; s++)
+ if (strncmp(*s, name, strlen(*s)) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Functions used only during module exit is marked __exit and is stored in
+ * a .exit.text section. Likewise data is marked __exitdata and stored in
+ * a .exit.data section.
+ * If this section is one of these sections return 1
+ * See include/linux/init.h for the details
+ **/
+static int exit_section(const char *name)
+{
+ if (strcmp(name, ".exit.text") == 0)
+ return 1;
+ if (strcmp(name, ".exit.data") == 0)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+
+}
+
+/*
+ * Identify sections from which references to a .exit section is OK.
+ *
+ * [OPD] Keith Ownes <kaos@sgi.com> commented:
+ * For our future {in}sanity, add a comment that this is the ppc .opd
+ * section, not the ia64 .opd section.
+ * ia64 .opd should not point to discarded sections.
+ **/
+static int exit_section_ref_ok(const char *name)
+{
+ const char **s;
+ /* Absolute section names */
+ const char *namelist1[] = {
+ ".exit.text",
+ ".exit.data",
+ ".init.text",
+ ".opd", /* See comment [OPD] */
+ ".altinstructions",
+ ".pdr",
+ ".exitcall.exit",
+ ".eh_frame",
+ ".stab",
+ NULL
+ };
+ /* Start of section names */
+ const char *namelist2[] = {
+ ".debug",
+ NULL
+ };
+
+ for (s = namelist1; *s; s++)
+ if (strcmp(*s, name) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ for (s = namelist2; *s; s++)
+ if (strncmp(*s, name, strlen(*s)) == 0)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void read_symbols(char *modname)
{
const char *symname;
@@ -476,6 +732,8 @@ static void read_symbols(char *modname)
handle_modversions(mod, &info, sym, symname);
handle_moddevtable(mod, &info, sym, symname);
}
+ check_sec_ref(mod, modname, &info, init_section, init_section_ref_ok);
+ check_sec_ref(mod, modname, &info, exit_section, exit_section_ref_ok);
version = get_modinfo(info.modinfo, info.modinfo_len, "version");
if (version)
diff --git a/scripts/mod/modpost.h b/scripts/mod/modpost.h
index c0de7b98c24c..3b5319dd937f 100644
--- a/scripts/mod/modpost.h
+++ b/scripts/mod/modpost.h
@@ -16,17 +16,27 @@
#define Elf_Ehdr Elf32_Ehdr
#define Elf_Shdr Elf32_Shdr
#define Elf_Sym Elf32_Sym
+#define Elf_Addr Elf32_Addr
+#define Elf_Section Elf32_Section
#define ELF_ST_BIND ELF32_ST_BIND
#define ELF_ST_TYPE ELF32_ST_TYPE
+#define Elf_Rela Elf32_Rela
+#define ELF_R_SYM ELF32_R_SYM
+#define ELF_R_TYPE ELF32_R_TYPE
#else
#define Elf_Ehdr Elf64_Ehdr
#define Elf_Shdr Elf64_Shdr
#define Elf_Sym Elf64_Sym
+#define Elf_Addr Elf64_Addr
+#define Elf_Section Elf64_Section
#define ELF_ST_BIND ELF64_ST_BIND
#define ELF_ST_TYPE ELF64_ST_TYPE
+#define Elf_Rela Elf64_Rela
+#define ELF_R_SYM ELF64_R_SYM
+#define ELF_R_TYPE ELF64_R_TYPE
#endif
#if KERNEL_ELFDATA != HOST_ELFDATA