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authorRobert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com>2011-10-11 17:11:08 +0200
committerRobert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com>2011-11-04 16:27:18 +0100
commitdcfce4a095932e6e95d83ad982be3609947963bc (patch)
tree2808b7cbdb57deab25cc1cd847fd0f9ffa058f92 /drivers/oprofile
parent75c43a20b220f885c39ffa7cdbbb1191e257a9a9 (diff)
downloadkernel-dcfce4a095932e6e95d83ad982be3609947963bc.tar.gz
oprofile, x86: Reimplement nmi timer mode using perf event
The legacy x86 nmi watchdog code was removed with the implementation of the perf based nmi watchdog. This broke Oprofile's nmi timer mode. To run nmi timer mode we relied on a continuous ticking nmi source which the nmi watchdog provided. The nmi tick was no longer available and current watchdog can not be used anymore since it runs with very long periods in the range of seconds. This patch reimplements the nmi timer mode using a perf counter nmi source. V2: * removing pr_info() * fix undefined reference to `__udivdi3' for 32 bit build * fix section mismatch of .cpuinit.data:nmi_timer_cpu_nb * removed nmi timer setup in arch/x86 * implemented function stubs for op_nmi_init/exit() * made code more readable in oprofile_init() V3: * fix architectural initialization in oprofile_init() * fix CONFIG_OPROFILE_NMI_TIMER dependencies Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Robert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/oprofile')
-rw-r--r--drivers/oprofile/nmi_timer_int.c173
-rw-r--r--drivers/oprofile/oprof.c24
-rw-r--r--drivers/oprofile/oprof.h9
3 files changed, 193 insertions, 13 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/oprofile/nmi_timer_int.c b/drivers/oprofile/nmi_timer_int.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..76f1c9357f39
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/oprofile/nmi_timer_int.c
@@ -0,0 +1,173 @@
+/**
+ * @file nmi_timer_int.c
+ *
+ * @remark Copyright 2011 Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
+ *
+ * @author Robert Richter <robert.richter@amd.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/oprofile.h>
+#include <linux/perf_event.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_OPROFILE_NMI_TIMER
+
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct perf_event *, nmi_timer_events);
+static int ctr_running;
+
+static struct perf_event_attr nmi_timer_attr = {
+ .type = PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE,
+ .config = PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES,
+ .size = sizeof(struct perf_event_attr),
+ .pinned = 1,
+ .disabled = 1,
+};
+
+static void nmi_timer_callback(struct perf_event *event,
+ struct perf_sample_data *data,
+ struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ event->hw.interrupts = 0; /* don't throttle interrupts */
+ oprofile_add_sample(regs, 0);
+}
+
+static int nmi_timer_start_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ struct perf_event *event = per_cpu(nmi_timer_events, cpu);
+
+ if (!event) {
+ event = perf_event_create_kernel_counter(&nmi_timer_attr, cpu, NULL,
+ nmi_timer_callback, NULL);
+ if (IS_ERR(event))
+ return PTR_ERR(event);
+ per_cpu(nmi_timer_events, cpu) = event;
+ }
+
+ if (event && ctr_running)
+ perf_event_enable(event);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void nmi_timer_stop_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ struct perf_event *event = per_cpu(nmi_timer_events, cpu);
+
+ if (event && ctr_running)
+ perf_event_disable(event);
+}
+
+static int nmi_timer_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *b, unsigned long action,
+ void *data)
+{
+ int cpu = (unsigned long)data;
+ switch (action) {
+ case CPU_DOWN_FAILED:
+ case CPU_ONLINE:
+ nmi_timer_start_cpu(cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
+ nmi_timer_stop_cpu(cpu);
+ break;
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block nmi_timer_cpu_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = nmi_timer_cpu_notifier
+};
+
+static int nmi_timer_start(void)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ get_online_cpus();
+ ctr_running = 1;
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ nmi_timer_start_cpu(cpu);
+ put_online_cpus();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void nmi_timer_stop(void)
+{
+ int cpu;
+
+ get_online_cpus();
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
+ nmi_timer_stop_cpu(cpu);
+ ctr_running = 0;
+ put_online_cpus();
+}
+
+static void nmi_timer_shutdown(void)
+{
+ struct perf_event *event;
+ int cpu;
+
+ get_online_cpus();
+ unregister_cpu_notifier(&nmi_timer_cpu_nb);
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ event = per_cpu(nmi_timer_events, cpu);
+ if (!event)
+ continue;
+ perf_event_disable(event);
+ per_cpu(nmi_timer_events, cpu) = NULL;
+ perf_event_release_kernel(event);
+ }
+
+ put_online_cpus();
+}
+
+static int nmi_timer_setup(void)
+{
+ int cpu, err;
+ u64 period;
+
+ /* clock cycles per tick: */
+ period = (u64)cpu_khz * 1000;
+ do_div(period, HZ);
+ nmi_timer_attr.sample_period = period;
+
+ get_online_cpus();
+ err = register_cpu_notifier(&nmi_timer_cpu_nb);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ /* can't attach events to offline cpus: */
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ err = nmi_timer_start_cpu(cpu);
+ if (err)
+ break;
+ }
+ if (err)
+ nmi_timer_shutdown();
+out:
+ put_online_cpus();
+ return err;
+}
+
+int __init op_nmi_timer_init(struct oprofile_operations *ops)
+{
+ int err = 0;
+
+ err = nmi_timer_setup();
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ nmi_timer_shutdown(); /* only check, don't alloc */
+
+ ops->create_files = NULL;
+ ops->setup = nmi_timer_setup;
+ ops->shutdown = nmi_timer_shutdown;
+ ops->start = nmi_timer_start;
+ ops->stop = nmi_timer_stop;
+ ops->cpu_type = "timer";
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO "oprofile: using NMI timer interrupt.\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#endif
diff --git a/drivers/oprofile/oprof.c b/drivers/oprofile/oprof.c
index f7cd06967aed..ed2c3ec07024 100644
--- a/drivers/oprofile/oprof.c
+++ b/drivers/oprofile/oprof.c
@@ -246,26 +246,24 @@ static int __init oprofile_init(void)
int err;
/* always init architecture to setup backtrace support */
+ timer_mode = 0;
err = oprofile_arch_init(&oprofile_ops);
+ if (!err) {
+ if (!timer && !oprofilefs_register())
+ return 0;
+ oprofile_arch_exit();
+ }
- timer_mode = err || timer; /* fall back to timer mode on errors */
- if (timer_mode) {
- if (!err)
- oprofile_arch_exit();
+ /* setup timer mode: */
+ timer_mode = 1;
+ /* no nmi timer mode if oprofile.timer is set */
+ if (timer || op_nmi_timer_init(&oprofile_ops)) {
err = oprofile_timer_init(&oprofile_ops);
if (err)
return err;
}
- err = oprofilefs_register();
- if (!err)
- return 0;
-
- /* failed */
- if (!timer_mode)
- oprofile_arch_exit();
-
- return err;
+ return oprofilefs_register();
}
diff --git a/drivers/oprofile/oprof.h b/drivers/oprofile/oprof.h
index 177b73de5e5f..769fb0fcac44 100644
--- a/drivers/oprofile/oprof.h
+++ b/drivers/oprofile/oprof.h
@@ -36,6 +36,15 @@ struct dentry;
void oprofile_create_files(struct super_block *sb, struct dentry *root);
int oprofile_timer_init(struct oprofile_operations *ops);
void oprofile_timer_exit(void);
+#ifdef CONFIG_OPROFILE_NMI_TIMER
+int op_nmi_timer_init(struct oprofile_operations *ops);
+#else
+static inline int op_nmi_timer_init(struct oprofile_operations *ops)
+{
+ return -ENODEV;
+}
+#endif
+
int oprofile_set_ulong(unsigned long *addr, unsigned long val);
int oprofile_set_timeout(unsigned long time);