path: root/Documentation
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authorLinus Torvalds <>2013-09-06 09:36:28 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <>2013-09-06 09:36:28 -0700
commit2e515bf096c245ba87f20ab4b4ea20f911afaeda (patch)
tree8ce40f811092844ea9da683804db6e2afa410808 /Documentation
parent22e04f6b4b04a8afe9af9239224591d06ba3b24d (diff)
parentf8ea61e63442c25cbe6ddee48979b444f1f2a01c (diff)
Merge branch 'for-linus' of git://
Pull trivial tree from Jiri Kosina: "The usual trivial updates all over the tree -- mostly typo fixes and documentation updates" * 'for-linus' of git:// (52 commits) doc: Documentation/cputopology.txt fix typo treewide: Convert retrun typos to return Fix comment typo for init_cma_reserved_pageblock Documentation/trace: Correcting and extending tracepoint documentation mm/hotplug: fix a typo in Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt power: Documentation: Update s2ram link doc: fix a typo in Documentation/00-INDEX Documentation/printk-formats.txt: No casts needed for u64/s64 doc: Fix typo "is is" in Documentations treewide: Fix printks with 0x%# zram: doc fixes Documentation/kmemcheck: update kmemcheck documentation doc: documentation/hwspinlock.txt fix typo PM / Hibernate: add section for resume options doc: filesystems : Fix typo in Documentations/filesystems scsi/megaraid fixed several typos in comments ppc: init_32: Fix error typo "CONFIG_START_KERNEL" treewide: Add __GFP_NOWARN to k.alloc calls with v.alloc fallbacks page_isolation: Fix a comment typo in test_pages_isolated() doc: fix a typo about irq affinity ...
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
60 files changed, 121 insertions, 83 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/00-INDEX b/Documentation/00-INDEX
index 0c4cc688e89a..38f8444bdd0e 100644
--- a/Documentation/00-INDEX
+++ b/Documentation/00-INDEX
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ IPMI.txt
- how to select which CPU(s) handle which interrupt events on SMP.
- - info on inerrupt numbering and setting up IRQ domains.
+ - info on interrupt numbering and setting up IRQ domains.
- description of what an IRQ is.
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
index ec93fe33baa6..3f0b9ae61d8c 100644
--- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram
@@ -5,20 +5,21 @@ Description:
The disksize file is read-write and specifies the disk size
which represents the limit on the *uncompressed* worth of data
that can be stored in this disk.
+ Unit: bytes
What: /sys/block/zram<id>/initstate
Date: August 2010
Contact: Nitin Gupta <>
- The disksize file is read-only and shows the initialization
+ The initstate file is read-only and shows the initialization
state of the device.
What: /sys/block/zram<id>/reset
Date: August 2010
Contact: Nitin Gupta <>
- The disksize file is write-only and allows resetting the
- device. The reset operation frees all the memory assocaited
+ The reset file is write-only and allows resetting the
+ device. The reset operation frees all the memory associated
with this device.
What: /sys/block/zram<id>/num_reads
@@ -48,7 +49,7 @@ Contact: Nitin Gupta <>
The notify_free file is read-only and specifies the number of
swap slot free notifications received by this device. These
- notifications are send to a swap block device when a swap slot
+ notifications are sent to a swap block device when a swap slot
is freed. This statistic is applicable only when this disk is
being used as a swap disk.
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/media/v4l/vidioc-g-parm.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/media/v4l/vidioc-g-parm.xml
index 9058224d1bbf..f4e28e7d4751 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/media/v4l/vidioc-g-parm.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/media/v4l/vidioc-g-parm.xml
@@ -132,7 +132,7 @@ devices.</para>
- <entry><para>This is is the desired period between
+ <entry><para>This is the desired period between
successive frames captured by the driver, in seconds. The
field is intended to skip frames on the driver side, saving I/O
bandwidth.</para><para>Applications store here the desired frame
@@ -193,7 +193,7 @@ applications must set the array to zero.</entry>
- <entry>This is is the desired period between
+ <entry>This is the desired period between
successive frames output by the driver, in seconds.</entry>
diff --git a/Documentation/IRQ-affinity.txt b/Documentation/IRQ-affinity.txt
index 7890fae18529..01a675175a36 100644
--- a/Documentation/IRQ-affinity.txt
+++ b/Documentation/IRQ-affinity.txt
@@ -57,8 +57,8 @@ i.e counters for the CPU0-3 did not change.
Here is an example of limiting that same irq (44) to cpus 1024 to 1031:
-[root@moon 44]# echo 1024-1031 > smp_affinity
-[root@moon 44]# cat smp_affinity
+[root@moon 44]# echo 1024-1031 > smp_affinity_list
+[root@moon 44]# cat smp_affinity_list
Note that to do this with a bitmask would require 32 bitmasks of zero
diff --git a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index 6e97e73d87b5..26b1e31d5a13 100644
--- a/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -109,6 +109,16 @@ probably didn't even receive earlier versions of the patch.
If the patch fixes a logged bug entry, refer to that bug entry by
number and URL.
+If you want to refer to a specific commit, don't just refer to the
+SHA-1 ID of the commit. Please also include the oneline summary of
+the commit, to make it easier for reviewers to know what it is about.
+ Commit e21d2170f36602ae2708 ("video: remove unnecessary
+ platform_set_drvdata()") removed the unnecessary
+ platform_set_drvdata(), but left the variable "dev" unused,
+ delete it.
3) Separate your changes.
diff --git a/Documentation/acpi/enumeration.txt b/Documentation/acpi/enumeration.txt
index d977778b5e67..aca4e69121b7 100644
--- a/Documentation/acpi/enumeration.txt
+++ b/Documentation/acpi/enumeration.txt
@@ -207,7 +207,7 @@ passing those. One idea is to return this in _DSM method like:
Return (Local0)
-Then the at25 SPI driver can get this configation by calling _DSM on its
+Then the at25 SPI driver can get this configuration by calling _DSM on its
ACPI handle like:
struct acpi_buffer output = { ACPI_ALLOCATE_BUFFER, NULL };
diff --git a/Documentation/arm/OMAP/omap_pm b/Documentation/arm/OMAP/omap_pm
index 9012bb039094..4ae915a9f899 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm/OMAP/omap_pm
+++ b/Documentation/arm/OMAP/omap_pm
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ to NULL. Drivers should use the following idiom:
The most common usage of these functions will probably be to specify
the maximum time from when an interrupt occurs, to when the device
becomes accessible. To accomplish this, driver writers should use the
-set_max_mpu_wakeup_lat() function to to constrain the MPU wakeup
+set_max_mpu_wakeup_lat() function to constrain the MPU wakeup
latency, and the set_max_dev_wakeup_lat() function to constrain the
device wakeup latency (from clk_enable() to accessibility). For
diff --git a/Documentation/block/cfq-iosched.txt b/Documentation/block/cfq-iosched.txt
index 9887f0414c16..f3bc72945cbd 100644
--- a/Documentation/block/cfq-iosched.txt
+++ b/Documentation/block/cfq-iosched.txt
@@ -69,7 +69,7 @@ one, this value should be decreased relative to fifo_expire_async.
This parameter forces idling at the CFQ group level instead of CFQ
-queue level. This was introduced after after a bottleneck was observed
+queue level. This was introduced after a bottleneck was observed
in higher end storage due to idle on sequential queue and allow dispatch
from a single queue. The idea with this parameter is that it can be run with
slice_idle=0 and group_idle=8, so that idling does not happen on individual
diff --git a/Documentation/cachetlb.txt b/Documentation/cachetlb.txt
index 9b728dc17535..d79b008e4a32 100644
--- a/Documentation/cachetlb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cachetlb.txt
@@ -57,7 +57,7 @@ changes occur:
interface must make sure that any previous page table
modifications for the address space 'vma->vm_mm' in the range
'start' to 'end-1' will be visible to the cpu. That is, after
- running, here will be no entries in the TLB for 'mm' for
+ running, there will be no entries in the TLB for 'mm' for
virtual addresses in the range 'start' to 'end-1'.
The "vma" is the backing store being used for the region.
@@ -375,8 +375,8 @@ maps this page at its virtual address.
void flush_icache_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page)
All the functionality of flush_icache_page can be implemented in
- flush_dcache_page and update_mmu_cache. In 2.7 the hope is to
- remove this interface completely.
+ flush_dcache_page and update_mmu_cache. In the future, the hope
+ is to remove this interface completely.
The final category of APIs is for I/O to deliberately aliased address
ranges inside the kernel. Such aliases are set up by use of the
diff --git a/Documentation/cputopology.txt b/Documentation/cputopology.txt
index 902d3151f527..0aad6deb2d96 100644
--- a/Documentation/cputopology.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cputopology.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ to /proc/cpuinfo.
4) /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/topology/thread_siblings:
- internel kernel map of cpuX's hardware threads within the same
+ internal kernel map of cpuX's hardware threads within the same
core as cpuX
5) /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/topology/core_siblings:
diff --git a/Documentation/development-process/2.Process b/Documentation/development-process/2.Process
index 4823577c6509..2e0617936e8f 100644
--- a/Documentation/development-process/2.Process
+++ b/Documentation/development-process/2.Process
@@ -276,7 +276,7 @@ mainline get there via -mm.
The current -mm patch is available in the "mmotm" (-mm of the moment)
directory at:
Use of the MMOTM tree is likely to be a frustrating experience, though;
there is a definite chance that it will not even compile.
@@ -287,7 +287,7 @@ the mainline is expected to look like after the next merge window closes.
Linux-next trees are announced on the linux-kernel and linux-next mailing
lists when they are assembled; they can be downloaded from:
Some information about linux-next has been gathered at:
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/ste-u300.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/ste-u300.txt
index 69b5ab0b5f4b..d11d80006a19 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/ste-u300.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/ste-u300.txt
@@ -22,7 +22,7 @@ This contains the board-specific information.
- compatible: must be "stericsson,s365".
- vana15-supply: the regulator supplying the 1.5V to drive the
-- syscon: a pointer to the syscon node so we can acccess the
+- syscon: a pointer to the syscon node so we can access the
syscon registers to set the board as self-powered.
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/vexpress-sysreg.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/vexpress-sysreg.txt
index 9cf3f25544c7..5580e9c4bd85 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/vexpress-sysreg.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/vexpress-sysreg.txt
@@ -32,8 +32,8 @@ numbers - see motherboard's TRM for more details.
The node describing a config device must refer to the sysreg node via
"arm,vexpress,config-bridge" phandle (can be also defined in the node's
parent) and relies on the board topology properties - see main vexpress
-node documentation for more details. It must must also define the
-following property:
+node documentation for more details. It must also define the following
- arm,vexpress-sysreg,func : must contain two cells:
- first cell defines function number (eg. 1 for clock generator,
2 for voltage regulators etc.)
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/c6x/dscr.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/c6x/dscr.txt
index d847758f2b20..b0e97144cfb1 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/c6x/dscr.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/c6x/dscr.txt
@@ -5,7 +5,7 @@ TI C6X SoCs contain a region of miscellaneous registers which provide various
function for SoC control or status. Details vary considerably among from SoC
to SoC with no two being alike.
-In general, the Device State Configuraion Registers (DSCR) will provide one or
+In general, the Device State Configuration Registers (DSCR) will provide one or
more configuration registers often protected by a lock register where one or
more key values must be written to a lock register in order to unlock the
configuration register for writes. These configuration register may be used to
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clk-exynos-audss.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clk-exynos-audss.txt
index a1201802f90d..75e2e1999f87 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clk-exynos-audss.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/clk-exynos-audss.txt
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
The Samsung Audio Subsystem clock controller generates and supplies clocks
to Audio Subsystem block available in the S5PV210 and Exynos SoCs. The clock
-binding described here is applicable to all SoC's in Exynos family.
+binding described here is applicable to all SoCs in Exynos family.
Required Properties:
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/st,nomadik.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/st,nomadik.txt
index 7fc09773de46..40e0cf1f7b99 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/st,nomadik.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/clock/st,nomadik.txt
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@ Optional properties for the SRC node:
- disable-mxtal: if present this will disable the MXTALO,
i.e. the driver output for the main (~19.2 MHz) chrystal,
if the board has its own circuitry for providing this
- osciallator
+ oscillator
PLL nodes: these nodes represent the two PLLs on the system,
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/atmel-dma.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/atmel-dma.txt
index c280a0e6f42d..e1f343c7a34b 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/atmel-dma.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/atmel-dma.txt
@@ -18,14 +18,14 @@ dma0: dma@ffffec00 {
DMA clients connected to the Atmel DMA controller must use the format
described in the dma.txt file, using a three-cell specifier for each channel:
-a phandle plus two interger cells.
+a phandle plus two integer cells.
The three cells in order are:
1. A phandle pointing to the DMA controller.
2. The memory interface (16 most significant bits), the peripheral interface
(16 less significant bits).
3. Parameters for the at91 DMA configuration register which are device
- bit 7-0: peripheral identifier for the hardware handshaking interface. The
identifier can be different for tx and rx.
- bit 11-8: FIFO configuration. 0 for half FIFO, 1 for ALAP, 1 for ASAP.
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/fsl-imx-dma.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/fsl-imx-dma.txt
index 2717ecb47db9..7bd8847d6394 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/fsl-imx-dma.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/fsl-imx-dma.txt
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@ Clients have to specify the DMA requests with phandles in a list.
Required properties:
- dmas: List of one or more DMA request specifiers. One DMA request specifier
consists of a phandle to the DMA controller followed by the integer
- specifiying the request line.
+ specifying the request line.
- dma-names: List of string identifiers for the DMA requests. For the correct
names, have a look at the specific client driver.
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/ste-dma40.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/ste-dma40.txt
index bea5b73a7390..a8c21c256baa 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/ste-dma40.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/dma/ste-dma40.txt
@@ -37,14 +37,14 @@ Each dmas request consists of 4 cells:
1. A phandle pointing to the DMA controller
2. Device Type
3. The DMA request line number (only when 'use fixed channel' is set)
- 4. A 32bit mask specifying; mode, direction and endianess [NB: This list will grow]
+ 4. A 32bit mask specifying; mode, direction and endianness [NB: This list will grow]
0x00000001: Mode:
Logical channel when unset
Physical channel when set
0x00000002: Direction:
Memory to Device when unset
Device to Memory when set
- 0x00000004: Endianess:
+ 0x00000004: Endianness:
Little endian when unset
Big endian when set
0x00000008: Use fixed channel:
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/cros-ec.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/cros-ec.txt
index e0e59c58a1f9..5f229c5f6da9 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/cros-ec.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/cros-ec.txt
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ Google's ChromeOS EC is a Cortex-M device which talks to the AP and
implements various function such as keyboard and battery charging.
The EC can be connect through various means (I2C, SPI, LPC) and the
-compatible string used depends on the inteface. Each connection method has
+compatible string used depends on the interface. Each connection method has
its own driver which connects to the top level interface-agnostic EC driver.
Other Linux driver (such as cros-ec-keyb for the matrix keyboard) connect to
the top-level driver.
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/atmel-can.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/atmel-can.txt
index 72cf0c5daff4..14e52a0d86ec 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/atmel-can.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/net/can/atmel-can.txt
@@ -8,7 +8,7 @@ Required properties:
can0: can@f000c000 {
- compatbile = "atmel,at91sam9x5-can";
+ compatible = "atmel,at91sam9x5-can";
reg = <0xf000c000 0x300>;
interrupts = <40 4 5>
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pinctrl/atmel,at91-pinctrl.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pinctrl/atmel,at91-pinctrl.txt
index 648d60eb9fd8..7ccae490ff6d 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pinctrl/atmel,at91-pinctrl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/pinctrl/atmel,at91-pinctrl.txt
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ Bank: 3 (A, B and C)
0xffffffff 0x7fff3ccf /* pioB */
0xffffffff 0x007fffff /* pioC */
-For each peripheral/bank we will descibe in a u32 if a pin can can be
+For each peripheral/bank we will descibe in a u32 if a pin can be
configured in it by putting 1 to the pin bit (1 << pin)
Let's take the pioA on peripheral B
diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/rs485.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/rs485.txt
index 1e753c69fc83..32b1fa1f2a5b 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/rs485.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/serial/rs485.txt
@@ -7,7 +7,7 @@ UART node.
Required properties:
- rs485-rts-delay: prop-encoded-array <a b> where:
- * a is the delay beteween rts signal and beginning of data sent in milliseconds.
+ * a is the delay between rts signal and beginning of data sent in milliseconds.
it corresponds to the delay before sending data.
* b is the delay between end of data sent and rts signal in milliseconds
it corresponds to the delay after sending data and actual release of the line.
diff --git a/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt b/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
index 0b23261561d2..e31a2a9d2b07 100644
--- a/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
+++ b/Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
@@ -321,7 +321,7 @@ Access to a dma_buf from the kernel context involves three steps:
When the importer is done accessing the range specified in begin_cpu_access,
it needs to announce this to the exporter (to facilitate cache flushing and
- unpinning of any pinned resources). The result of of any dma_buf kmap calls
+ unpinning of any pinned resources). The result of any dma_buf kmap calls
after end_cpu_access is undefined.
diff --git a/Documentation/early-userspace/README b/Documentation/early-userspace/README
index 661a73fad399..93e63a9af30b 100644
--- a/Documentation/early-userspace/README
+++ b/Documentation/early-userspace/README
@@ -83,8 +83,7 @@ Where's this all leading?
The klibc distribution contains some of the necessary software to make
early userspace useful. The klibc distribution is currently
-maintained separately from the kernel, but this may change early in
-the 2.7 era (it missed the boat for 2.5).
+maintained separately from the kernel.
You can obtain somewhat infrequent snapshots of klibc from
diff --git a/Documentation/fb/fbcon.txt b/Documentation/fb/fbcon.txt
index 99ea58e65eff..4a9739abc860 100644
--- a/Documentation/fb/fbcon.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fb/fbcon.txt
@@ -150,7 +150,7 @@ C. Boot options
C. Attaching, Detaching and Unloading
-Before going on on how to attach, detach and unload the framebuffer console, an
+Before going on how to attach, detach and unload the framebuffer console, an
illustration of the dependencies may help.
The console layer, as with most subsystems, needs a driver that interfaces with
diff --git a/Documentation/fb/viafb.modes b/Documentation/fb/viafb.modes
index 02e5b487f00e..2a547da2e5cc 100644
--- a/Documentation/fb/viafb.modes
+++ b/Documentation/fb/viafb.modes
@@ -571,7 +571,7 @@ mode "640x480-60"
# 160 chars 800 lines
# Blank Time 4.798 us 0.564 ms
# 50 chars 28 lines
-# Polarity negtive positive
+# Polarity negative positive
mode "1280x800-60"
# D: 83.500 MHz, H: 49.702 kHz, V: 60.00 Hz
diff --git a/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt b/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt
index 444e34b52ae1..1cb2462a71ce 100644
--- a/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fb/viafb.txt
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@
Start viafb with default settings:
#modprobe viafb
- Start viafb with with user options:
+ Start viafb with user options:
#modprobe viafb viafb_mode=800x600 viafb_bpp=16 viafb_refresh=60
viafb_active_dev=CRT+DVI viafb_dvi_port=DVP1
viafb_mode1=1024x768 viafb_bpp=16 viafb_refresh1=60
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/btrfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/btrfs.txt
index b349d57b76ea..9dae59407437 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/btrfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/btrfs.txt
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ Unless otherwise specified, all options default to off.
Specify a device during mount so that ioctls on the control device
- can be avoided. Especialy useful when trying to mount a multi-device
+ can be avoided. Especially useful when trying to mount a multi-device
setup as root. May be specified multiple times for multiple devices.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
index b91cfaaf6a0f..919a3293aaa4 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
Ext4 Filesystem
-Ext4 is an an advanced level of the ext3 filesystem which incorporates
+Ext4 is an advanced level of the ext3 filesystem which incorporates
scalability and reliability enhancements for supporting large filesystems
(64 bit) in keeping with increasing disk capacities and state-of-the-art
feature requirements.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/Exporting b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/Exporting
index 09994c247289..e543b1a619cc 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/Exporting
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/Exporting
@@ -93,7 +93,7 @@ For a filesystem to be exportable it must:
2/ make sure that d_splice_alias is used rather than d_add
when ->lookup finds an inode for a given parent and name.
- If inode is NULL, d_splice_alias(inode, dentry) is eqivalent to
+ If inode is NULL, d_splice_alias(inode, dentry) is equivalent to
d_add(dentry, inode), NULL
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt
index 52ae07f5f578..adc81a35fe2d 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/nfs/pnfs.txt
@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ struct pnfs_layout_hdr
The on-the-wire command LAYOUTGET corresponds to struct
pnfs_layout_segment, usually referred to by the variable name lseg.
-Each nfs_inode may hold a pointer to a cache of of these layout
+Each nfs_inode may hold a pointer to a cache of these layout
segments in nfsi->layout, of type struct pnfs_layout_hdr.
We reference the header for the inode pointing to it, across each
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/qnx6.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/qnx6.txt
index 99e90184a72f..408679789136 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/qnx6.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/qnx6.txt
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ Bitmap system area
The bitmap itself is divided into three parts.
-First the system area, that is split into two halfs.
+First the system area, that is split into two halves.
Then userspace.
The requirement for a static, fixed preallocated system area comes from how
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/relay.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/relay.txt
index 510b722667ac..33e2f3694733 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/relay.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/relay.txt
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ Semantics
Each relay channel has one buffer per CPU, each buffer has one or more
sub-buffers. Messages are written to the first sub-buffer until it is
-too full to contain a new message, in which case it it is written to
+too full to contain a new message, in which case it is written to
the next (if available). Messages are never split across sub-buffers.
At this point, userspace can be notified so it empties the first
sub-buffer, while the kernel continues writing to the next.
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-tagging.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-tagging.txt
index caaaf1266d8f..eb843e49c5a3 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-tagging.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/sysfs-tagging.txt
@@ -24,7 +24,7 @@ flag between KOBJ_NS_TYPE_NONE and KOBJ_NS_TYPES, and s_ns will
point to the namespace to which it belongs.
Each sysfs superblock's sysfs_super_info contains an array void
-*ns[KOBJ_NS_TYPES]. When a a task in a tagging namespace
+*ns[KOBJ_NS_TYPES]. When a task in a tagging namespace
kobj_nstype first mounts sysfs, a new superblock is created. It
will be differentiated from other sysfs mounts by having its
s_fs_info->ns[kobj_nstype] set to the new namespace. Note that
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/xfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/xfs.txt
index 12525b17d9ed..5be51fd888bd 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/xfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/xfs.txt
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ default behaviour.
If the memory cost of 8 log buffers is too high on small
systems, then it may be reduced at some cost to performance
on metadata intensive workloads. The logbsize option below
- controls the size of each buffer and so is also relevent to
+ controls the size of each buffer and so is also relevant to
this case.
diff --git a/Documentation/fmc/carrier.txt b/Documentation/fmc/carrier.txt
index 173f6d65c88d..5e4f1dd3e98b 100644
--- a/Documentation/fmc/carrier.txt
+++ b/Documentation/fmc/carrier.txt
@@ -213,7 +213,7 @@ The individual methods perform the following tasks:
methods: for example the SPEC driver may define that its carrier
I2C memory is seen at offset 1M and the internal SPI flash is seen
at offset 16M. This multiplexing of several flash memories in the
- same address space is is carrier-specific and should only be used
+ same address space is carrier-specific and should only be used
by a driver that has verified the `carrier_name' field.
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/abituguru-datasheet b/Documentation/hwmon/abituguru-datasheet
index 8d2be8a0b1e3..86c0b1251c81 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/abituguru-datasheet
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/abituguru-datasheet
@@ -299,7 +299,7 @@ Byte 1:
min threshold (scale as bank 0x26)
-Warning for the adventerous
+Warning for the adventurous
A word of caution to those who want to experiment and see if they can figure
diff --git a/Documentation/hwmon/submitting-patches b/Documentation/hwmon/submitting-patches
index 46286460462b..3d1bac399a22 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwmon/submitting-patches
+++ b/Documentation/hwmon/submitting-patches
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
How to Get Your Patch Accepted Into the Hwmon Subsystem
-This text is is a collection of suggestions for people writing patches or
+This text is a collection of suggestions for people writing patches or
drivers for the hwmon subsystem. Following these suggestions will greatly
increase the chances of your change being accepted.
diff --git a/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt b/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
index a903ee5e9776..62f7d4ea6e26 100644
--- a/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
+++ b/Documentation/hwspinlock.txt
@@ -241,7 +241,7 @@ int hwspinlock_example2(void)
Should be called from a process context (this function might sleep).
Returns the address of hwspinlock on success, or NULL on error (e.g.
- if the hwspinlock is sill in use).
+ if the hwspinlock is still in use).
5. Important structs
diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/upgrading-clients b/Documentation/i2c/upgrading-clients
index d6991625c407..8e5fbd88c7d1 100644
--- a/Documentation/i2c/upgrading-clients
+++ b/Documentation/i2c/upgrading-clients
@@ -196,8 +196,8 @@ static int example_probe(struct i2c_client *i2c_client,
Update the detach method, by changing the name to _remove and
to delete the i2c_detach_client call. It is possible that you
-can also remove the ret variable as it is not not needed for
-any of the core functions.
+can also remove the ret variable as it is not needed for any
+of the core functions.
- static int example_detach(struct i2c_client *client)
+ static int example_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
diff --git a/Documentation/kmemcheck.txt b/Documentation/kmemcheck.txt
index c28f82895d6b..9398a501fdb9 100644
--- a/Documentation/kmemcheck.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kmemcheck.txt
@@ -91,9 +91,9 @@ information from the kmemcheck warnings, which is extremely valuable in
debugging a problem. This option is not mandatory, however, because it slows
down the compilation process and produces a much bigger kernel image.
-Now the kmemcheck menu should be visible (under "Kernel hacking" / "kmemcheck:
-trap use of uninitialized memory"). Here follows a description of the
-kmemcheck configuration variables:
+Now the kmemcheck menu should be visible (under "Kernel hacking" / "Memory
+Debugging" / "kmemcheck: trap use of uninitialized memory"). Here follows
+a description of the kmemcheck configuration variables:
diff --git a/Documentation/leds/leds-lm3556.txt b/Documentation/leds/leds-lm3556.txt
index d9eb91b51913..62278e871b50 100644
--- a/Documentation/leds/leds-lm3556.txt
+++ b/Documentation/leds/leds-lm3556.txt
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ To register the chip at address 0x63 on specific adapter, set the platform data
according to include/linux/platform_data/leds-lm3556.h, set the i2c board info
- static struct i2c_board_info __initdata board_i2c_ch4[] = {
+ static struct i2c_board_info board_i2c_ch4[] __initdata = {
I2C_BOARD_INFO(LM3556_NAME, 0x63),
.platform_data = &lm3556_pdata,
diff --git a/Documentation/leds/leds-lp3944.txt b/Documentation/leds/leds-lp3944.txt
index c6eda18b15ef..e88ac3b60c08 100644
--- a/Documentation/leds/leds-lp3944.txt
+++ b/Documentation/leds/leds-lp3944.txt
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ registered using the i2c_board_info mechanism.
To register the chip at address 0x60 on adapter 0, set the platform data
according to include/linux/leds-lp3944.h, set the i2c board info:
- static struct i2c_board_info __initdata a910_i2c_board_info[] = {
+ static struct i2c_board_info a910_i2c_board_info[] __initdata = {
I2C_BOARD_INFO("lp3944", 0x60),
.platform_data = &a910_lp3944_leds,
diff --git a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
index 8fd254c73589..58340d50f8a6 100644
--- a/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-hotplug.txt
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ a recent addition and not present on older kernels.
at read: contains online/offline state of memory.
at write: user can specify "online_kernel",
"online_movable", "online", "offline" command
- which will be performed on al sections in the block.
+ which will be performed on all sections in the block.
'phys_device' : read-only: designed to show the name of physical memory
device. This is not well implemented now.
'removable' : read-only: contains an integer value indicating
diff --git a/Documentation/mtd/nand_ecc.txt b/Documentation/mtd/nand_ecc.txt
index 990efd7a9818..e129b2479ea8 100644
--- a/Documentation/mtd/nand_ecc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/mtd/nand_ecc.txt
@@ -543,7 +543,7 @@ THe code within the for loop was changed to:
As you can see tmppar is used to accumulate the parity within a for
-iteration. In the last 3 statements is is added to par and, if needed,
+iteration. In the last 3 statements is added to par and, if needed,
to rp12 and rp14.
While making the changes I also found that I could exploit that tmppar
diff --git a/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt b/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt
index 262acf56fa79..e9b54de8fdf7 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt
+++ b/Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt
@@ -179,7 +179,7 @@ use the PM_TRACE mechanism documented in Documentation/power/s2ram.txt .
To verify that the STR works, it is generally more convenient to use the s2ram
tool available from and documented at
Namely, after writing "freezer", "devices", "platform", "processors", or "core"
into /sys/power/pm_test (available if the kernel is compiled with
@@ -194,10 +194,10 @@ Among other things, the testing with the help of /sys/power/pm_test may allow
you to identify drivers that fail to suspend or resume their devices. They
should be unloaded every time before an STR transition.
-Next, you can follow the instructions at to test
-the system, but if it does not work "out of the box", you may need to boot it
-with "init=/bin/bash" and test s2ram in the minimal configuration. In that
-case, you may be able to search for failing drivers by following the procedure
+Next, you can follow the instructions at S2RAM_LINK to test the system, but if
+it does not work "out of the box", you may need to boot it with
+"init=/bin/bash" and test s2ram in the minimal configuration. In that case,
+you may be able to search for failing drivers by following the procedure
analogous to the one described in section 1. If you find some failing drivers,
you will have to unload them every time before an STR transition (ie. before
you run s2ram), and please report the problems with them.
diff --git a/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt b/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
index 0b4b63e7e9b6..079160e22bcc 100644
--- a/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
+++ b/Documentation/power/swsusp.txt
@@ -50,6 +50,19 @@ echo N > /sys/power/image_size
before suspend (it is limited to 500 MB by default).
+. The resume process checks for the presence of the resume device,
+if found, it then checks the contents for the hibernation image signature.
+If both are found, it resumes the hibernation image.
+. The resume process may be triggered in two ways:
+ 1) During lateinit: If resume=/dev/your_swap_partition is specified on
+ the kernel command line, lateinit runs the resume process. If the
+ resume device has not been probed yet, the resume process fails and
+ bootup continues.
+ 2) Manually from an initrd or initramfs: May be run from
+ the init script by using the /sys/power/resume file. It is vital
+ that this be done prior to remounting any filesystems (even as
+ read-only) otherwise data may be corrupted.
Article about goals and implementation of Software Suspend for Linux
@@ -326,7 +339,7 @@ Q: How can distributions ship a swsusp-supporting kernel with modular
disk drivers (especially SATA)?
A: Well, it can be done, load the drivers, then do echo into
-/sys/power/disk/resume file from initrd. Be sure not to mount
+/sys/power/resume file from initrd. Be sure not to mount
anything, not even read-only mount, or you are going to lose your
diff --git a/Documentation/printk-formats.txt b/Documentation/printk-formats.txt
index 9552a3299ec9..445ad743ec81 100644
--- a/Documentation/printk-formats.txt
+++ b/Documentation/printk-formats.txt
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ IPv4 addresses:
- %p[Ii][hnbl]
+ %p[Ii]4[hnbl]
For printing IPv4 dot-separated decimal addresses. The 'I4' and 'i4'
specifiers result in a printed address with ('i4') or without ('I4')
@@ -194,11 +194,11 @@ struct va_format:
u64 SHOULD be printed with %llu/%llx, (unsigned long long):
- printk("%llu", (unsigned long long)u64_var);
+ printk("%llu", u64_var);
s64 SHOULD be printed with %lld/%llx, (long long):
- printk("%lld", (long long)s64_var);
+ printk("%lld", s64_var);
If <type> is dependent on a config option for its size (e.g., sector_t,
blkcnt_t) or is architecture-dependent for its size (e.g., tcflag_t), use a
diff --git a/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt b/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
index 717f5aa388b1..28fbd877f85a 100644
--- a/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rapidio/rapidio.txt
@@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ initialization.
RapidIO subsystem code organization allows addition of new enumeration/discovery
-methods as new configuration options without significant impact to to the core
+methods as new configuration options without significant impact to the core
RapidIO code.
A new enumeration/discovery method has to be attached to one or more mport
diff --git a/Documentation/scsi/hptiop.txt b/Documentation/scsi/hptiop.txt
index 4a4f47e759cd..12ecfd308e55 100644
--- a/Documentation/scsi/hptiop.txt
+++ b/Documentation/scsi/hptiop.txt
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@ To send a request to the controller:
- The host read the outbound list copy pointer shadow register and compare
- with previous saved read ponter N. If they are different, the host will
+ with previous saved read pointer N. If they are different, the host will
read the (N+1)th outbound list unit.
The host get the index of the request from the (N+1)th outbound list
diff --git a/Documentation/sound/alsa/README.maya44 b/Documentation/sound/alsa/README.maya44
index 0e41576fa13e..67b2ea1cc31d 100644
--- a/Documentation/sound/alsa/README.maya44
+++ b/Documentation/sound/alsa/README.maya44
@@ -120,7 +120,7 @@ Mic Phantom+48V: switch for +48V phantom power for electrostatic microphones on
Make sure this is not turned on while any other source is connected to input 1/2.
It might damage the source and/or the maya44 card.
-Mic/Line input: if switch is is on, input jack 1/2 is microphone input (mono), otherwise line input (stereo).
+Mic/Line input: if switch is on, input jack 1/2 is microphone input (mono), otherwise line input (stereo).
Bypass: analogue bypass from ADC input to output for channel 1+2. Same as "Monitor" in the windows driver.
Bypass 1: same for channel 3+4.
diff --git a/Documentation/sound/alsa/compress_offload.txt b/Documentation/sound/alsa/compress_offload.txt
index 0bcc55155911..fd74ff26376e 100644
--- a/Documentation/sound/alsa/compress_offload.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sound/alsa/compress_offload.txt
@@ -73,7 +73,7 @@ The main requirements are:
-The new API shares a number of concepts with with the PCM API for flow
+The new API shares a number of concepts with the PCM API for flow
control. Start, pause, resume, drain and stop commands have the same
semantics no matter what the content is.
@@ -130,7 +130,7 @@ the settings should remain the exception.
The timestamp becomes a multiple field structure. It lists the number
of bytes transferred, the number of samples processed and the number
of samples rendered/grabbed. All these values can be used to determine
-the avarage bitrate, figure out if the ring buffer needs to be
+the average bitrate, figure out if the ring buffer needs to be
refilled or the delay due to decoding/encoding/io on the DSP.
Note that the list of codecs/profiles/modes was derived from the
diff --git a/Documentation/sysfs-rules.txt b/Documentation/sysfs-rules.txt
index c1a1fd636bf9..a5f985ee1822 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysfs-rules.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysfs-rules.txt
@@ -47,7 +47,7 @@ versions of the sysfs interface.
at device creation and removal
- the unique key to the device at that point in time
- the kernel's path to the device directory without the leading
- /sys, and always starting with with a slash
+ /sys, and always starting with a slash
- all elements of a devpath must be real directories. Symlinks
pointing to /sys/devices must always be resolved to their real
target and the target path must be used to access the device.
diff --git a/Documentation/target/ b/Documentation/target/
index 3fe0d812dcec..54d29c1320ed 100755
--- a/Documentation/target/
+++ b/Documentation/target/
@@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ def tcm_mod_build_configfs(proto_ident, fabric_mod_dir_var, fabric_mod_name):
buf += " int ret;\n\n"
buf += " if (strstr(name, \"tpgt_\") != name)\n"
buf += " return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);\n"
- buf += " if (strict_strtoul(name + 5, 10, &tpgt) || tpgt > UINT_MAX)\n"
+ buf += " if (kstrtoul(name + 5, 10, &tpgt) || tpgt > UINT_MAX)\n"
buf += " return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);\n\n"
buf += " tpg = kzalloc(sizeof(struct " + fabric_mod_name + "_tpg), GFP_KERNEL);\n"
buf += " if (!tpg) {\n"
diff --git a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
index b937c6e2163c..ea2d35d64d26 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/trace/ftrace.txt
@@ -735,7 +735,7 @@ Here are the available options:
function as well as the function being traced.
- bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul <-strict_strtoul
+ bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul <-kstrtoul
bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul
@@ -759,7 +759,7 @@ Here are the available options:
latency-format option is enabled.
bash 4000 1 0 00000000 00010a95 [58127d26] 1720.415ms \
- (+0.000ms): simple_strtoul (strict_strtoul)
+ (+0.000ms): simple_strtoul (kstrtoul)
raw - This will display raw numbers. This option is best for
use with user applications that can translate the raw
diff --git a/Documentation/trace/tracepoints.txt b/Documentation/trace/tracepoints.txt
index da49437d5aeb..ac4170dd0f24 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/tracepoints.txt
+++ b/Documentation/trace/tracepoints.txt
@@ -40,7 +40,13 @@ Two elements are required for tracepoints :
In order to use tracepoints, you should include linux/tracepoint.h.
-In include/trace/subsys.h :
+In include/trace/events/subsys.h :
+#define TRACE_SYSTEM subsys
+#if !defined(_TRACE_SUBSYS_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
+#define _TRACE_SUBSYS_H
#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
@@ -48,10 +54,16 @@ DECLARE_TRACE(subsys_eventname,
TP_PROTO(int firstarg, struct task_struct *p),
TP_ARGS(firstarg, p));
+#endif /* _TRACE_SUBSYS_H */
+/* This part must be outside protection */
+#include <trace/define_trace.h>
In subsys/file.c (where the tracing statement must be added) :
-#include <trace/subsys.h>
+#include <trace/events/subsys.h>
void somefct(void)
@@ -72,6 +84,9 @@ Where :
- TP_ARGS(firstarg, p) are the parameters names, same as found in the
+- if you use the header in multiple source files, #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
+ should appear only in one source file.
Connecting a function (probe) to a tracepoint is done by providing a
probe (function to call) for the specific tracepoint through
register_trace_subsys_eventname(). Removing a probe is done through
diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
index ef925eaa1460..858aecf21db2 100644
--- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
+++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ incompatible change are allowed. However, there is an extension
facility that allows backward-compatible extensions to the API to be
queried and used.
-The extension mechanism is not based on on the Linux version number.
+The extension mechanism is not based on the Linux version number.
Instead, kvm defines extension identifiers and a facility to query
whether a particular extension identifier is available. If it is, a
set of ioctls is available for application use.
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
index fc66d42422ee..f4f268c2b826 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
@@ -58,7 +58,7 @@ Protocol 2.11: (Kernel 3.6) Added a field for offset of EFI handover
protocol entry point.
Protocol 2.12: (Kernel 3.8) Added the xloadflags field and extension fields
- to struct boot_params for for loading bzImage and ramdisk
+ to struct boot_params for loading bzImage and ramdisk
above 4G in 64bit.
diff --git a/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches b/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches
index 0f4385a62a49..be0bd4725062 100644
--- a/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches
+++ b/Documentation/zh_CN/SubmittingPatches
@@ -146,7 +146,7 @@ Majordomo lists of VGER.KERNEL.ORG at:
如果改动影响了用户空间和内核之间的接口,请给 MAN-PAGES 的维护者(列在
-MAITAINERS 文件里的)发送一个手册页(man-pages)补丁,或者至少通知一下改
+MAINTAINERS 文件里的)发送一个手册页(man-pages)补丁,或者至少通知一下改